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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIA1V, TITTJ1TSDAY,
MAY 22. 11)10.
lSTABUSUtl) EI HENBT I.. PITTOCK.
Published by The Orcconian Publishing Co.,
135 lth street, Portland. Oregon.
C. A. MOKUEV. K. B. PIPETt.
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SIX MONTHS TOO LATE.
As to most of the recommendations
contained in President Wilson's mes
sage there is little or no difference of
opinion between him and the repub
lican majority in congress. The prin
cipal criticism is that these recommen
dations come six meuiths too late, and
for that the late democratic congress,
unhonored and unsung-, is responsible
up to the date of its, expiration, and
the president himself since that date.
The unfinished condition of congress'
work was the more reason for calling
Uie present congress together without
The industrial unrest which breaks
out sporadically in the form of strikes,
and which has developed into great
strikes and radical demands in the
kindred countries of Canada and Brit
ain, properly holds a prominent place.
Unless prompt steps are taken to pro
vide means of amicable adjustment in
which both parties to labor Questions
will have confidence and in which
both will take part on equal terms,
this unrest is likely to become more
serious. Readjustment of wages must
follow readjustment of- prices. Work
men should be assured of a square
deal without resort to strikes. . As the
president says, the means consist
chiefly in co-operation between em
ployer and employe, each recognizing
that a form of partnership exists be
tween them and that they should meet
as partners, not as enemies who in
quarreling often destroy the subject in
dispute. The government can help
materially, but it can only help; its
efforts are fruitless without co-operation
of the parties to the dispute. Ii
some means could be found by which
each workman will feel assured that
lie is fully paid his fair share of the
price of the product of an industry,
commence would De established, co
operation would follow and the help of
the government would be superfluous.
The president's statements that he
will return the railroads to their own
ers at the end of this year, and that
he will return the wires to their own
ers as soon as possible, show that he
has abandoned all idea of continuing
government operation for five years
that government ownership advocates
may try to prove the wisdom of their
theory. He evidently realizes that pub
lic opinion is impatient for an end to
the present situation, and his an
nouncement is notice to congress that
it must at this session pass laws for
the government of the railroads and
wires after they pass out of the gov
ernment's hands. That notice makes
railroad and wire legislation a matter
of the first importance and urgency.
The hand of Postmaster-General Bur
leson may be seen in the proposal that
the telegraph and telephone lines be
made into "a uniform and co-ordinated
system" similar to the postal
system. Such a system is highly de
sirable, but with some provisos. One
is that the way be not barred to adop
tion of new inventions and improve
ments by financial interest of the
operating company in certain patents,
which may be or become obsolete.
Another is that there be no taint of
Burlesonism-in any plan of unification,
for that means handing over the prop
erty of one company to the manage
ment of the other and contemptuous
disregard of the rights of labor.
Of equal urgency is the bill to em
ploy discharged soldiers and sailors in
reclaiming large tracts of waste land,
to provide homes for them on this
land and to make as many of them
as wish owners of farms. This is a
reward which the nation owes to these
men for their services. It is also an
act of sound policy. The soldiers are
the cream of the nation's youth, for
they have given undisputable proof of
patriotism and they are certain to sway
the destinies of the country for the
next generation. By making them
prosperous, independent home-owners
and owners of farms, the government
will fortify the nation with founda
tions so deeply imbedded in the soil
that the wildest winds of bolshevism
or any other crazy ism cannot shake
it. But this legislation is six months
late. It should have been passed as
soon as demobilization began. Much
more than half of the army has al
ready been discharged and it will prob
ably have been reduced to normal size
before any reclamation law that can
now be passed will become operative.
Very much can yet be done, but fully-
half the good which might have been
accomplished has been lost through
inaction of the democratic congress.
Congress cannot repeal the luxury
taxes too soon to please the people.
Cost of collection is excessively high
in proportion to the amount realized
by the treasury, and they provide end
less opportunity for evasion and extor
tion. They are the kind of petty
exaction which is found in despotic
countries, where a person is taxed on
every move he makes and everything
he eats, drinks, wears or uses from the
moment when he arises in the morning
until he goes to sleep at night. They
are an invention of that shallow states
man. Representative Claude Kitchin,
nnd are the brand of finance which
emanates from Scotland Neck, N. C.
Not so much can be said for the
president's recommendation that war
prohibition of manufacture and sale of
beer and wine be repealed. Such bev
erages are held to be harmless by
many who would keep the ban on dis
tilled liquor, but only a short period
remains before complete prohibition
will become effective by constitutional
amendment. The comment at the
Presbyterian general assembly indi
cates what fierce contention will fol
low an attempt to relax existing law.
Of what profit will it be when the pro
- osed change could be effective for
only a few months? There may be
occasion to fight out the whole ques
tion of prohibition on a. new plane at
some future time, but-at present con
gress has more urgent business on
That which Mr. Wilson says about
shipbuilding and the merchant marine
is good as far as it goes, buf it is
vague and suggests that he has been
too much pre-occupied with other
matters to think" out a definite plan.
The embargo which he placed on for
eign contracts for ships has gravely
imperiled the prospect of realizing his
bright hopes for the shipbuilding in
dustry, and prompt action by both con
gress and the shipping board will be
needed to avert the evil consequences
which The Oregonian has forecast.
Once more the president's call for
action has come six months late, and
that action should have been taken by
the democratic congress.
Mr. Wilson's activities at Paris have
evidently profited him by making him
aware of the need that the tariff be
used as a weapon of defense both for
American industry in general and for
the new industries which have sprung
up during the war, but more particu
larly for industries which are essen
tial to military defense and have been
objects of hostile economic penetra
tion. There are hints in his remarks
on this subject that in part at least the
tariff may be taken out of politics.
Congress should act without delay
on the recommendation to submit the
woman suffrage amendment to the
states. Further opposition is simply-
obstinate resistance of the inevitable.
Public opinion is plainly in favor of
this measure, and becomes more so
every day. We are lagging behind
other nations. Further debate is waste
of time which might better be devoted
to problems of which the Stolution is
yet to be found.
It was a wholly disinterested sugges
tion when The Oregonian proposed that
the name of a mountain claimed as
its own by the city of Tacoma be
changed to Mount Roosevelt. It was
also a humane suggestion- Tacoma
citizens are so deadly serious over in
justice to the mountain that it may
be supposed it Interferes with their
golf, their checkers, their lyceum pro
gramme and every other staid diver
sion, appropriate to a conservative
community. Witness the querulous
letter today from Mr. -Wall. He im
plies that the controversy takes some
of his time from business. This should
not be.- Everybody in Tacoma needs
all his time for promoting, business.
"Justice to the mountain," indeed.
Justice to the people of Tacoma, say
we. They, ought to be permitted to
pursue their sober, peaceful ways
without distractions that wring the
very souL- The only way to help
Tacoma is to perform a major opera
tion. To destroy the mountain is diffi
cult, perhaps impossible. The next
best thing is to remove both "Tacoma"
and "Rainier" from consideration and
name it something else.
Will the geographic board permit?
What is the geographic board when
world opinion arises in its might? The
geographic board will certainly recog-
nize czecho - Slovakia ana the new
boundaries of Germany, even though
all maps, "even those of Arabia," have
never shown Czecho-SIovakia or the
reformed boundaries of Germany.
The way to give a mountain another
name is to get everybody to call it
whatever you select. That Tacoma has
tried to do and has so far failed. The
Oregonian doe3 not objetjk to the name
Tacoma for the mountain. Mr. Wall's
imputations that we fear the advertis
ing that the change would give Ta
coma are unkind and unjust. Bless
your soul, if The Oregonian had any
dea that a city could obtain any de
served material growth by having the
same name as a mountain, it would
promptly start a campaign to change
Mount Hood to Mount Portland. A
little ingenuity would do it, too.
Yet here is Tacoma sulking and
fuming, when far bigger opportunity
exists than Portland could ever have.
The Great Cartographer will soon b
home from Paris. Who better could
change the maps than he? His wife
is a descendant of Pocahontas, too, and
is an admirer ofIndian nomenclature.
Sympathetic interest is to be expected.
Yet all that Tacoma can think to do
is to complain of the geographic board,
complain of Seattle and .complain of
Portland. Tacoma needs vision. As it
has none it should yield, that it may
have more time for business.
WRECKING THE AIR SERVICE.
One feature of the conduct of the
war into which congress will no doubt
inquire is the treatment of the army
air service since hostilities ceased.
After a series of disastrous blunders
the personnel was being built up into
a most efficient branch of the army
under direction of Major-General Ken
ley, but soon after the armistice took
effect development stopped, and Gen
eral Kenley was removed. The valu
able service which he rendered and
the influences with which he had to
contend are discussed from the stand
point of an impartial foreigner by the
aeronautical correspondent of the Lon
don Times. The story does not reflect
credit on either the war department
or the general staff.
This correspondent says that Major
General Kenley has been removed and
reduced to his permanent rank of
colonel, that the number of permanent
air 'stations' has been reduced to two
or three and that this action "has
placed this most important service in
a very subordinate position." He de
scribes the vicissitudes of the air serv
ice during the war as "an example of
the evils of indecision and the lack
of a definite and continuous policy."
Sketching these vicissitudes and the
reorganization which followed the air
craft scandal, he says:
General Kenley, who had profited much
by his experience In France, is a very far
sighted man, with plenty of Imagination.
We faced the situation, firmly, and there
was every indication in October. 1918, that
America was on the road to building up a
military air service second to none In the
During the whole of this period, when
General Kenley and his staff were strainiig
every nerve to Insure an efficient 'air serv
ice, the general staff, both In France and
at Washington, seemed rather less than sym
pathetic. In fact, the general staff obstructed.
but in spite of it "a definite programme
had been laid down by General Kenley,
and squadrons were quickly taking
their place in the line just prior to the
signing of the armistice," but then:
Unfortunately, directly the armistice was
signed, the authorities in Washington prae
tictflly stopped all further development so
far as the military air service was -concerned,
and since then the g-eneral staff has grad
ually been exerting more and more power
and influence over the army air service.
Finally, on the retirement of the civil as
sistant secretary of war. who dealt with
aviation, a soldier was appointed in his place
who. had no knowledge whatever of air
matters, with 'the result that the army air
service has now gone back und-r the gen
crnl staff, and Its future as a separate entity
is greatly jeopardized.
Behind this story and explaining it
are to be found pacifism at the head
of the war department and army
politics In the general staff. Having
no use for an army. Secretary Baker
naturally has no use for military air
men. JJeing jealous of any new arm
of the service and knowing that there
were only so many places of each rank
to be filled, the staff does not wish
an air corps to attain equal rank with
the old arms of infantry, cavalry and
artillery, with a claim on a. number
of commissions. From very different
motives Mr. Baker and the general
staff seem to have acted in concert to
wreck the air corps.
This happens when the navy has
made such progress and has demon
strated such high efficiency that one
of its seaplanes is in a fair way to
complete the first flight across the
Atlantic and when the whole world is
stirring with plans to put the airplane
to every use. It is a case of pacifism
and petty politics versus progress.
THE LAPSE OF A CENTURY.
One hundred years ago this month
the Savannah crossed the Atlantic, cov
ering part of the distance under her
own steam. A coincidence is revealed
in the dispatch from Commander
Towers, now flying the seaplane NC-3,
which has arrived at Ponta Delgada,
telling how, after encountering storms
in the upper air, "we decided to land
to make observations, as we had only
two hours' fuel left." It was inability
to carry plenty of fuel which made the
voyage of the Savannah inconclusive
as a test of transoceanic steam navi
gation. The Savannah burned pine
pitch, and in fear of exhausing hef
fuel supply employed her sails when
ever weather permitted. She was built
as a sailing vessel, her steam equip
ment and paddle wheels being acces
sories only. When she was not using
steam the paddle wheels were folded
and stored on deck.
The length of the Savannah over all
(ISO feet) was nearly the same as the
wing spread (126 feet) of the planes
of the NC type. The Savannah's speed
was six miles an hour; that of the NC
planes is upwards of eighty-five miles.
The Savannah made the voyage in
twenty-five days. The flight now be
ing undertaken will be measured in
The NC-4, which has just completed
another leg of her astonishing journey.
made in an earlier stage of the flight
an important contribution to science
by demonstrating the rapid progress
of wireless telegraphy. While off
the coast of Maine on her way
from Chatham, Mass., to Seal Island,
Nova Scotia, Lieutenant - Commander
Read of the NC-4 exchanged radio
messages with the assistant secre
tary of the navy at Washington.
The time elapsing between the .launch
ing of the message from Wash
ington and receipt of the reply from
Lieutenant-Commander Read was only
two minutes. It is true that the mes
sage was relayed through a station on
the Maine coast, but the achievement
was nevertheless noteworthy. Who is
there who doubts that he will live to
read of constant communication main
tained between shore and airplane
throughout a voyage across the ocean?
Yet it is only thirty years since Mar
coni succeeded in sending his first
wireless message across the English
channel, and development of the radio
in connection with the airplane has
been wholly confined to the period
since the beginning of the war.
During the whole of the Savannah's
voyage she was out of communication
with land. There were skeptics in that
day who predicted confidently that her
new-fanglid machinery would fail., It
required nineteen years to restore pub
lic confidence sufficiently to organize
another attempt, which culminated in
the dual success of the Sirius and the
Great Western in 1838. The contrast
between the attitude of the public then
and now is not the least impressive of
the morals to be drawn from these per
formances, separated by the most note
worthy century of scientific progress
in all time.
THE METHODIST DRIVE.
The vim which characterized the
opening of the drive which the Metho
dist church is conducting to obtain
pledges of funds for the reawakening
of appreciation of spiritual values is
significant in all probability of wide
spread realization of the new oppor
tunity of the church in the period of
reconstruction following the war. Be
cause of this, it is important news not
only to Methodists but to members of
every other Christian denomination
It is no small achievement which is
revealed by the figures of the first day.
Sentiment seems to be evenly distrib
uted. Portland is raising $104,000 of
its quota of $240,000, and the north
west in obtaining $1,003,147 of a total
of $2,455,000, represent substantially
an equal proportion of accomplish
ment, while the smaller communities
which have gone quite or almost "over
the top" show that these centers of
religious influence are fully alive to
The sum is to be raised as a cen
tenary fund by the Methodists, includ
ing that which is to be sought by the
Methodist Episcopal church South, will
amount to the stupendous total of
$140,000,000, of which $105,000,000 is
the share of the "northern" church
But there are no longer sectional lines
in religion, and the bond of union be
tween these two organizations will be
further strengthened by their present
common purpose. The essence of the
undertaking is that in raising a fight
ing fund, to be employed by their own
organizations, they are also engaged
in a work that is bound to have a bene
ficial effect upon all the churches and
also upon the nation as a whole.
The task would have been regarded,
only a few yearSago, as an impossibl
one. But the war has taught us to
think in millions. It also has given
a practical turn to- religious uplift
Evidence of this is seen in the re
construction programme outlined by-
Methodism. The money when raised
will be employed not alone or even
chiefly for theological education bu
also for such activities as hospitals.
agricultural experiment stations, th
reconstruction of communities .in th
war zones, and in other practical ways.
There will be more such work. Hence
the importance of the pace which ha3
been set by the Methodists. Other de
nominations will hardly permit them
selves to lag behind when their- turn
come. The spirit of well-doing is con
tagious. Emulation is a fine thing i
matters of this kind. It furnishes
pleasing contrast to certain other rival
nes more or less prevalent at this
time, the aggressive spirit appears a
its best in the latest reconstruction
The death of Henry J. Heinz recall
another illustration of the power o
a catchphrase at the same time tho
it Dnngs to attention the oppor
tunities of a poor boy In 'America
who is willing to pay tho price
success.. Heinz began life cultivutin
a email garden. He presently con
ceived the idea that people outside his
immediate neighborhood might like to
buy his products, and he started In by
selling such things as horseradish and
cucumbers in towns twenty or thirty
miles away. When his carefully pre
pared packages did not sell, he did not
rail at the consumer or at the political
institutions of his country, but studied
demand a little more closely and
adapted himself to it. He pocketed
his losses like a true sportsman and
turned them to his profit. When we
read, in the course of a discussion of
he international situation, that there
re "fifty-seven varieties of opinion,"
for example, we pay the tribute of
complete comprehension to the power
f advertising, which Mr. Heinz knew
so well how to employ.
MAYING THE CAME TO THE FINISH.
Germany's protest against the peace
terms is a characteristic piece of men-
acity and insolence. It baldly asserts
that the terms are not according to
the fourteen points which were ac
cepted as the basis of peace, but bluntly
refuses to state in what respect this
Is so. It is an assumption that the
Hies can be bluffed into accepting
Germany's construction of the four
teen points without knowing what that
construction is. If further proof of
ishonesty were needed, it would be
found in the misquotation from Presi-
ent Wilson's speech of December 4,
There is no room for misunderstand-
ng the purpose of the frequent appeals
to America. They agree with the en
tire policy of Germany toward this
country from the beginning of the -war.
The Germans thought we were so
steeped in pacifism or so Intimidated
by pro-Germanisiu. that no outrage
could provoke us to fight, and that if
e did fight and beat them, we should
assure them an easy peace. They
appear still to persist in the delusion
that a large proportion of the Ameri
can people can be aroused to protest
gainst what they call a hard peace.
is a delusion. No nation ever
formed a more -deliberate, more accu
rate, therefore more unchangeable
udgment of another nation than the
American people formed of Germany
and of the means necessary to make
it powerless for further harm.
It is a hard peace, but it might have
een much harder without departing
from the principles which Mr. Wilson
laid down. Poland might have been
awarded immediately the part of Last
Prussia in which a referendum is to
be held, and might have been given
Danzig outright. Denmark might have
been given Schleswig without calling
for a vote. The reparation payment
might have been made even larger.
The president had no authority to bind
the allies to renounce indemnity for
the cost of the war, but that claim
has been wiped out, though, excluding
the United States, it totals $100,000,
000,000. France had good cause to
demand the provinces west of the
Rhine for its own security, but ac-
epted the untried security of the
league of nations rather than appear
to establish another Alsace.
When compared with the terms
which Germany proposed to impose on
the allies, if it had been victorious, the
peace offered Germany is mild to thn
About the time when the Germans
were exclaiming against the cruel
terms imposed by the allies, the Bru
sh people were steeling their hearts
while they paid the last honors to
Edith Cavell. The worst enemy which
the German peace delegates have to
combat is the good memories of the
allies for things which Germans find
It convenient to forget.
The fire chief in a small town must
be of tho old-fashioned kind, like
Chief Hunsaker of Klamath Palls, who
had to knock out a spectator and has
been suspended. The department sus
tains him, and who shall say the de
partment does not know best?
It must tend to keep people ner
vous when they live in a country like
Salvador, where they cannot make a
lake a little deeper without starting
an earthquake. That may be why
they have an occasional attack of
nerves and start a revolution.
The six days that encompass tin
Rose festival period have been named
Home Products Week" by Mayor
Baker, whose jurisdiction is confined
to the city but whose invitation to
observe is state-wide. Acceptance will
be profitable to Oregonians.
Mary Garden wears $7.50 earrings;
at least, she is sued in New York for
that item of a bill. Perhaps they were
for the maid, though one would look
for something: better on a maid ot
Wilson's blunders are colossal, as
will be recalled of his electioneering
in October. Now his request for a
back-up on prohibition does not set
well In respectable places.
There is some complaint ot nut
fruits dropping, but where attention
in planting is given to frost areas and
climatological conditions the crops are
Every real estate man 'with land
will agree with Sherman's proposal to
move the capital. Think of the glo
rious possibilities in town lots!
Perhaps another reason why those
members of the American peace mis
sion want to come home is that they
are just homesick.
Right down to business is the motto
of the house. Now if the senators will
follow its cue, congress will get some
The "staff" of life, seems to have
switched from bread to a number ot
kinds of drinks for hot weather.
How soon the troubles of Columbus
would have been over, if he could have
used Head's craft.
U. S. Rubber is going in for profit
sharing, and that's a melon of stretch
The bakery salesmen know how to
"raise the dough," and the master
The amateur poet seeking a rhyme
for "month" should cultivate tne man
Shake, sisters: you are all right in
the house, and the senate will follow.
Give the Hun more time, but see that
his fingers are not crossed.
There may be no rhyme for ".silver,"
but there' a jingle to It.
Anything can happen lor the better
in Winnipeg, -
'And When They Fall." '
By James J. Montague
"AND WHEN THEY FALL,"
(Many of the former'nobility of Eu
rope who were taught domestic arts
and crafts in their youth as an exam
ple of the lower classes are now work
ing at mean occupations In Turkey and
southeastern Europe. Cable Dispatch.)
Where is Grand Duke Ruffanuff, who
stole the ciar'i first wife.
Who used to shoot ttnd burn and loot.
While all hia suite would follow suit.
And never gave a single hoot
For threats upon his life?
He's mandatory of a mule just out of
He's working for Bazouk Pasha, as sec
ond hired man!
Where is Graf von Glpfelstein, that
man of noble rank
Who, when he sat at baccarat
Would bet a billion with eclat.
And with rare nonchalance stand pat.
Until he broke the bank?
You'll find him down in old Stamboul,
if you are passing by
Ec's mandatory of the pigs in Israk
Where Is Countess von der Schtuff,
that ravishing brunette
Whose wiles and arts broke scores of
Who raided all the jewel marts
The belle of many foreign parts
Is she in Europe yet?
Across the Turkish moors ehe bears a
bucket'full of corn.
She's mandatory of a cow beside the
PHEASANT FARM AS MOXIMEXT
l.lnn County, Home of Owen Denny,
Ask Location as Matter of Sentiment.
LEBANON", Or., May 20. (To the
Kditor.) Provision has beea made for
the purchase of two game farms for
the propagation of came. The ques
tion Is as to where these farms will
be located. It is generally conceded
that the Simpson farm near Corvallis
will be secured. There can be no se
rious objection urged against this farm.
It is well located, fully equipped,
and will permit the state to start
right off in the raising of China
pheasants. Where will the other farm
It has been currently rumored that
a deal was made during the last legis
lature by which the farm was promised
to Lane county. I can hardly believe
this report. To nelieve It would imply
that the Lane county people are ex
ceedingly selfish in asking the game
farm when it has the university; and
it would serioufely question the good
Judgment of the commission. It is con
ceded that both of these farms would
be located in the AVillamette valley.
I am anxious for the farnr to be located
In Linn county. If slate institutions
are located with a view to distribut
ing them anions the available counties
In an equitable manner, then indeed
Linn county is pre-eminently entitled
to the farm. Lane county has the uni
versity with all of the prestige, adver
tisement and wealth that such a great
institution brings. Benton county has
the agricultural college with all that
such an Institution means. Marion
county is the seat of the state govern
ment and is richly favored. Linn
county, the close neighbor to every one
of these other counties, has no state
institution whatsoever. Then, if equit
able distribution is the ri'le, why for
get Linn county altogether?
Of course, a suitable location could
easily be found in any one of these
counties, but no one of them is more
accessible to the general public man
is Linn county. 1 do not base Linn
county's claim for this farm on this
ground. There Is a higher and noblet
ground and there is a stronger and
better reason. That reason is sentl
ment, and it should appeal with ir
resistible force to the sportsmen of
the state, and through them to the
Owen Denny sent the China pheas
ants to Oregon in 1S82. Linn county
people donated the grain to keep these
birds alive until they could care for
themselves. Linn county people re
frained from killing them and saw
to It that these magnificent birds were
not molested by other people. Owen
Denny was a Linn county man who
inert his boyhood days on the farm
where these birds were liberated. Of
ail men in the world he was the best
friend sportsmen ever had. and he, by-
sending these birds to Linn county.
Oregon, for liberation, has given tn
sportsmen of America more pleasure
than any other man ever gave them.
Sentiment may be ridieuled. but no
true sportsman will dare ridicule It.
The real distinction between a sports
man and a game hog is sentiment.
The sportsman bunt3 and kills from
the Irresistible force of the senti
ment of the chase, but the game hog
hunts and kills for the meat or the
money there Is in it. Will not the sen
timent that pulls the true sportsmen
from their offices, stores or workshops
with an irresistible power to hunt
these magnificent birds likewise impel
them to do honor to the name of the
man who made all of these pleasures
possible? Owen Denny, i the sports
man's friend, should be honored. A
monument hidden away In some distant
cemetery will be seen by but a few
and is soon forgotten. A state game
farm, to be known as "the Owen Den
ny game farm," located at or near
his home in Linn county. Oregon, would
be a fitting and lasting monument to
him. seen and admired by thousands.
Will not the sportsmen of Oregon
get back of this movement? I do not
see how the commission couia iau to
recognize the superior claims of Linn
couutv. Lane county can ill afford to
press Its claims for this game farm In
view of its ever-recurring appeals for
annronriations for the university. The
man-v irood and true sportsmen of Lane
county now have the opportunity of
their lives to do a real sportsman-like
thine:, and that thing is to ask the com
mission to locate the game farm in
Linn county, Orcgqn.
SAMUEL M. GARLAND.
Limited Service Men Not to Reeelve Aid
Vnless Sent Over Seas.
PORTLAND. Mai' 21. (To the Ed
itor.) I wish very much an explana
tion of section 6 of the soldiers', sail
ors" and marines' educational financial
aid bill. It appears that only those
whn aw foreiitn or overseas service
are entitled to help from this bill.
GUY L. LEE,
The section reads:
Pection 6. In no instanre shall individuals
who have been in the service known as the
students' army training- corps or who were
inducted or anlisted in the limited service
of the United s-tatcs army and who d:d not
leave the United States In such service, re
ceive aid under the provisions of this act.
Our understanding of this sevtion Is
that the phrase "and who did not leave
the United States in such service." re
fers only to limited service men. Lim
ited service men were those who were
classified as physically deficient for
service on the firing line. AY hen in
ducted they were given duties not more
exacting upon the physique than civil
occupations. Limited service men who
were kept in the United States would
not be eligible to receive the aid grant
ed in the bill. Those sent overseas
would be. Men inducted or enlisted
for full military duty who did not hap
pen to get overseas would receive the
benefits of the act.
The foregoing Is merely an opinion.
The bill, of course, has not been con-
Isirued by the courts.
Those Who Come and Go.
"There's nothing, to the report that
Governor Olcott will appoint me secre
tary of state If the supreme court de
cides that he has eucn an appointment,"
declared Louis E. Bean, representative
from Lane county in the recent session
of the legislature. Mr. Bean admits that
his name 'has been printed In connec
tion with the appointment, but thc.-e Is
no foundation for the rumor. Mr. Bean
came to Portland to consult with P. J.
Gallagher, Jay H. Upton and Ben Jones
on the irrigation, reconstruction and
Roosevelt highway measures.
With his picturesque goatee, his
black, broad-brimmed hat and his
Prince Albert. Colonel James H. Raley
looks like a typical Southern colonel.
Colonel Raley is one of the pioneer
lawyers of Umatilla county and was
one of that group of democrats who
moved into Umatilla county years ago
and Just about run the politics of the
section. In those days Umatilla could
always be depended on for delivery to
the democrats. The colonel, who Is still
a game democrat, is among the Imperial
Listen to this rollcall. all coming
from the same basin In eastern Oregon,
all having served a year and a half
overseas In the same outfit, and ail get
ting back home safe: W. C. Kelly. T.
Murphy. Jerry Foley. IT. A. McGuinness,
Jim McNamee and R. B. Currey. Kelly
is a brother of Dan, who smashed the
world's record for the 100-yard dash,
and Murphy is a son of a former mayor
of Pendleton. They all signed the book
at the Imperial on their way home after
being discharged at Camp Lewis.
The last of the Irish minstrels. John
McCormack. late of Athlone, is at the
Benson, and about every other hotel In
town is being benefited as a result of
his presence. In fact, Alack should
have a business manager to get a com
mission on the business he brings to
the hotels. Delegations from Albany,
Eugene, Salem, Astoria, The Dalles,
rendleton and way points have
swarmed into town to hear McCormack
sing, until the accommodations were
all exhausted last night.
'I've got calls for 33 rooms tonight
and only ten people are checked out.
I don't know what to do with the pa
trons," puzzled the clerk at one of the
hotels last night. "It has got so that
I tell the bus driver when he goes to
meet the trains not to bring anyone
up who has not made a reservation.
This condition has been prevailing for a
considerable time. We are already re
fusing to make reservations for the
Rose Festival, as we cannot guarantee
For three years 51. Buchanan served
In the Canadian forces on the western
front. He was a well-known hotel man
in Los Angeles before he decided he
could no longer remain neutral and
went to Canada and signed on. After
very active service, he has been hon
orably discharged and Is on his way
backy to the Gates hotel, Los Angeles,
and yesterday he was at. the Imperial.
In love with Orecon at first sight, Mr.
and Airs. Frederick D. Kalley and Mr.
and Mrs. George M. Boardman are at
the Benson. They had looked over Cali
fornia and thought it pretty good until
they glimpsed Oregon and now they
are volunteer boosters. The quartet
come from Brooklyn, which is at the
other end of the bridge across from
New York City.
When Patrick Farley landed in East
ern Oregon he had a good constitution
and plenty of ambition to work. He
eventually owned a few sheep and now
his wool clip is of considerable impor
tance, and in fact Patrick Farley is a
factor in the sheep industry of Oregon.
He is registered from Heppner Junc
tion, at the Imperial.
Mrs. J. H. Westerlund, wife of the
member of the legislature from Med-
ford, passed through the city yesterday
on her way to Tacoma. Mrs. Wester
lund says that the conditions for fruit
in her section of the state are excel
lent and the road-building activities
around Medford are enthusing the na
"Three dollars a day for a room with
out hot and cold water and only a lit
tie room at that, is what they are
charging In New York." said Lee Quinn.
Chinese merchant of Portland, who has
returned from a six weeks' business
trip. "They don't even have steam heat
in these 3 rooms. And for a cup of
coffee and Hack of hotcakes the charge
is 3j cents.
Two motoring parties landed in town
J at the same time yesterday. Airs. c. M
Fawcett and family arrived from Don
ltr ano .. i ,MLemun and wire came
from Vancouver, K. C. That each party-
got through indicates that the roads
are at least passable outside of Ore
M. C. Murphy, a stockman whose post-
office is Culver. Jefferson countv. is at
the Perkins. There are about two per
sons to the square mile in Jefferson
county, or possibly two grown-ups and
a young boy, if fractions are to be con
H. C. Lechner. the county agricul
tural agent for Clatsop county, is at
the Hotel Oregon. Most people think
that all Clatsop county raises Is canned
salmon, but this is a mistake, for there
are about 10,000 acres under cultivation.
James L. Furwith of Ada registered
at the Perkins yesterday, which caused
a search for information concerning
Ada. and here is the result: Ada is on
Lake Tsiltcoos, yhich is in Lane County
and a dozen miles south oL the town
W. C. Bristol returned yesterday from
a visit of soveral weeks in California
Although a lawyer, Mr. Bristol is chief
ly noted among his intimates for an
extensive and detailed knowledge o
Owners of the mill at Silverton. C. H,
Latimer of Muskegon. Mich., and H. S
Latimer of Mellen, Wis., arrived at the
Hotel Portland yesterday on their way
to the metropolis of Silver Creek.
William E. Grace. Astoria druggist
democrat, former member of the legis
lature and member of the board of dl
rectors of the new bank which has Jus
been chartered at Astoria, w-as in the
Elmer Graves, who has charge of a
haberdashery in Seattle, is registered a
the Hotel Portland with Mr.-. Graves.
He was formerly connected with a Port
land department store.
Former member of the legislature,
F. B. Mitchell of Baker, Interested in
mining, is in town for a. few days and
is among the Imperial arrivals.
Leaving Opportunity behind him,
David C. Delworth registered at the
Imperial yesterday. Opportunity is hi
home town in Washington.
Enlistment Period In svy.
MAUPIX, Or.. May 21. (To the Ed
Itor.) Has a bill passed congress rnnk
ing all enlistments in the regular navy
since last May or June duration of the
war enlistments, providing the men
ask for release before July. 1919?
have a son tn the navy and am de
sirous of gaining this information.
Enlistments In the navy after about
June 1, 1917, were ordered considered
as duration of the war enlistments.
There is no Information here to the ef
fect tfaat applications for release need
be made before a certain date.
In Other Days.
' Twenty-live Years Ago.
From The Oresonlan of. May 22.
Washington Judge Miller today
sentenced Coxey, Browno and Jones t'i
20 days' imprisonment in Jail nud
Coxey and Browne were also fined tit".
Several parties have been figuring
for some weeks on slaughtering a lot
of half-breed horses and cayuses of
the interior section.-, since they can he
bought lor $2 to $4 and may be han
dled at-a pront in this way.
Hon. Lewis Miller of Akron. O..
president of the Chautauqua assembly
and one or the originators of the Chau
tauqua, arrived in Portland yesterday.
Fifty Years Ako.
From The Orsuonlan of May 22. 1R60.
New York. Havana letters say that
losses In the recent battles were: Span
iards, 1200; Cubans. 1"U0.
Compilation of the 1SCS income tax
list shows the following leading in
comes in Multnomah county: V. S.
Ladd, agent. $255,333: C II. Lewis, S4S.
014; J. Kamm, S2S.024; H. Goldsmith,
f?3.S40; Henry Failing. $1S.2L'1.
Cold has reached 142,'i in Portland, a
figure beyond which it has not been
for several months.
The Gussie Telfair sailed yesterday
for Victoria, taking only about half a
cargo of freight.
Ily Graee I- Hall.
How shall man Judge another's acts
save as man knows his own?
How guess the motives from the facts,
save as he, too, is prone
To err; and when a man shall see but
Perhaps 'twere wise to analyze just
why he says "Beware"'
First does man comprehend . his sly
deep inner voices best.
Then does he charity apply if kindness
But never shall he quite believe in gen
erous, kindly deeds.
If always doubt puts faith to rout and
vile suspicion breeds.
If deep within a human heart good
motives hold first place.
They will an Influence Impart towards
all the human race;
And ere one hastens to the thought
that someone else is vile.
Self-truth will speed to intercede and
beg us to wait a while.
Man first should curb his hasty tongue.
and strive himself to learn
Seek out the cause that breed3 distrust.
whichever way he turn;
t lie shall hesitate to grasp at evil
straw that flies.
You'll know the man as no one can
who falls to analyze.
IKK OLD DIVES OK SCRIPTIRES
Sir. Wnll Thinks The Orearonlnn Would
Deny Taromn Cramlis of Advertising.
TACOMA, Wash.. May 20. tTo the
Editor.) 1 cannot give all my time to
his business of trying to secure Justice
to the mountain or 1 should some time
ago have sent you this letter, which
has reference to your editorial, "Justice
to the Mountain." Will you permit
me to say that the spirit of that edi
torial was, in my opinion, quite un
worthy of so great a journal as The
Oregonian? The idea of "conferrinK
distinction upon the mountain" with,
even Roosevelt's name is quite novel.
To misname the mountain (as with
Rainier) only advertises the inadeatiacv
of man. Mr. Roosevelt has said over
and over again the mountain should.
from every reason of Just sentiment.
wear the descriptive name the aborig-
nes gave It.
The Oregonian is not often so much
(and so palpably) at fault as in this
little spate under the title "Justice to
the Mountain." "The tendency is to
get away from duplication. Spokane
dropped the "Falls' just as soon as it
had something wortli showing besides
lot of tumbling water," says the edi
torial. Spokane dropped the "Kails" for
the same reason that Commencement
City changed its name to Tacoma 1
shorten and improve its name hut
about the same time that it did that
it rechristened Baldy mountain to
Mount Spokane" showing no tend
ency whatever to get away from dupli
cation. And there it is Mount Spo
kane, standing out against the sky
line from the city of Spokane and no
body to say it nay no jealous ncisli
bor cries out against it. nor sneers,
nor makes invidious and unworthy
comparisons. The capital of the world
is soon to be the Swiss city of Geneva.
hall its name be changed because It
took the name of the lake beside which
But what astonishes me most is the
declaration on the, part of this usually
so wise, clear seeing and dispassionate
newspaper that "Tacoma really- should
yield." Yield to what and why? Yield
in an effort to have corrected a flag
rant injustice? Everybody who cares
to knows why this name, now uni
versally admitted to be the most inap
propriate and unfitting that could
well be imagined, was officially at
tached to the mountain. Seattle, after
J1 years, was willing and asked to have
the error corrected. The geographic
board petitioned by the state lepriyla
ture, where the whole matter was de
bated at length said the name could
not be changed because Lainicr had
been on the map so long and on so
mnny maps "even those of Arabia"
that it would be quite impossible.
Would the proposal, if made cn behalf
of Roosevelt's name, change that con
dition? Roosevelt said the name of the
mountain should be Tacoma, and that
the contention against it was -'genuine
childishness." 1 o you not believe he
meant what he said? Do you not
think (as I do) that he would be the
first to forbid such use of his name?
Why then should Tacoma yield? t would
thank you for a specific answer.
You say that to give the name Taco
ma to the mountain would be in the
nature of justice to the Indian rather
than to the mountain, which is mere
jugglery of words, of course, for what
we are seeking is to put the Indian
word for the mountain where it prop
erly belongs: and so doing is the only
way that justice might be done the
Indian in this connection. For the
word means "the mountain" and in be
stowing it upon the city, the city be
came a namesake. The city may not
properly bear the name if the mountain
is deprived of It. since the word is
there, and in that case, meaningless.
All this The Oregonian and everybody
knows and only because of the strange
editorial argument am I required to go
through this formula. The Oregonian
does not say that the Indian name Ta
coma is not a proper and fitting name
for the mountain, bu it is nevertheless
opposed to it and my question is "why?"
Is it that The Oregonian would de
prive the mountain of its true and ap
proved name lest, through association,
the city of the same name might gain
some reflected public notice other
wise called advertising?
Surely not one but must approve the
judgment and taste of those who. in
founding the town on Commencement
bay in the immediate presence of the
mountain chose the beautiful word as
Its name, rejecting the name Commence
ment city. And yet we are asked be
cause they did so to yield to a proposal
that some other name be now given
the mountain. Have I stated The Ore
conian's reason the reason tf tho
great newspaper of the great city of
Portland for sayiuc Taromn really
should yield! S. W. W ALT