Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, May 21, 1919, Page 6, Image 6

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Definite Announcement la Made That Railroad Systems and Telegraph and Telephone Lines Will Be Returned to Private Ownership General
- Programme Respecting Labor Outlined in Message Cabled From Paris.
President's Message to Con
gress Evokes Criticism.
"IT That's All He Has to Recom
mend, Better Stav In Paris,"
Says Sherman of Illinois.
TvA SHIKGTOX, May 20. President
Wilson's announcement that he intends
to return the railroads to private oper
ation at the end of this year and his
recommendation for legislation allow
ing: use of wines and beer until the
prohibition amendment becomes effec
tive were the features of his message
to congress today about which the in
terest of members apparently centered.
Itegarding the prohibition recommend
ation predictions were general that the
repeal legislation requested would not
be enacted.
"I am not for that." said Senator
Sheppard of Texas, democrat, author
of the war-time prohibition act, re
garding the prohibition repeal recom
mendation. "I do not. believe congress
will repeal it"
"We passed the prohibition legisla
tion without much help from the pres
ident and we do not intend to repeal
if said Senator Jones of. Washington,
a republican prohibition leader.
Republican leaders declared that in
recommending- improved excess profits
and income taxes the president fol
lowed plans announced long ago by
the republicans.
Nothing New, Says Smoot
"The proposal for retaliatory tar
iffs," said Senator Smoot of Utah, re
publican, of the finance committee, "is
nothing more than the anti-dumping
legislation which we have planned to
enact. Regarding the recommendation
for a dyestuff protective tariff the
president apparently is ignorant of the
fact that we already have laws pro
tecting that industry for five years
long after the next election."
Senator Cummins of Iowa, prospect
ive chairman of the interstate com
merce committee, said that undoubtedly
railroad legislation would be enacted
before the end of the year.
"And if not," Senator Cummins add
ed, "I predict the president will not
turn back the roads, not until it is
Republicans joined the democrats in
approving the president's general state
ments for co-operation between capital
and labor.
President Wilson's recommendations
for return of the wires was character
ized by Senator Sherman of Illinois,
republican, as "Burleson bunk trans
mitted through the voice of the presi
dent." Sherman Still Vitriolic.
He also said he opposed repeal of
the prohibition act.
"If that's all he has to recommend,
he had better stay in Paris, where he
can get it without suffering," said
Senator Sherman.
Republican Leader Mondell of Wyo-
ming of the house said:
"A number of suggestions of the
president's axe. embodied in the pro
gramme of legislation agreed on a.t
the republican -conference last Satur
"The president has been staying too
long In Paris." said Representative
Randall of California, the only prohibi
tion member. "War prohibition will
not be repealed by this congress.
Democratic leaders uniformly praised
the message.
Senators Thomas of Colorado. Pitt
man of ' Nevada and other democrat!
senators refused to discuss the mes
Mr. Polndexter Pleased.
"In many of its expressions the mes
sage i3 quite pleasing," Senator Poin
dexter of Washington, republican, said,
adding that it was unfortunate that the
president did not take occasion to point
out the menace to labor itself of the
"doctrine of communism or bolshevism.1
Senator Poindexter said that he
agreed with the president's recommen
dation for an enlarged reclamation
T"T WASHINGTON, May 20. Presi
yy dent Wilson. In his message to.
" Congress today, recommended
repeal of the war time prohibition
law so far as it applies to wine and
beer only; announced definitely that
the railroad systems and telegraph
and telephone lines would be returned
to private ownership; urged a revision
of war taxes particularly to abolish
the manufacturers and retail sales ex
cises; and outlined generally a pro
gramme respecting labor.
These were the "high spots" of the
president's message cabled from Paris.
The president's message follows:
Gentlemen of the congress I deeply
regret my inability to be present at
the opening of the extraordinary ses
sion of congress. It still seems to be
my duty to take part in the counsels of
the peace conference and contribute
what I can- to the solution of the in
numerable questions to whose settle
ment it has had to address -itself. Fol
they are questions which affect the
peace of the whole world and from
them, therefore, the United States can
not stand apart. I deemed it my duty
to call the congress together at this
time because it was -not wise to post
pone longer the provisions which must
be made for the support of the govern
ment. Many of the appropriations
which are absolutely necessary for the
maintenance of the government and
the fulfillment of its varied obllga
tions for the fiscal years 1919-1920
have not yet been made; the end of
the present fiscal year is at hand; and
action upon these appropriations can
o longer be prudently delayed.
Prompt Attention Urged.
It is necessary, therefore, that I
should Immediately call your atten-
lon to this critical need. It is hardly
ecessary for me to urge that it may
receive your prompt attention. I ehall
take the liberty of addressing you on
my return on the subjects which have
most, engrossed our attention and the
attention of the world during these last
anxious months, since the armistice of
last November was Bigned, the Interna
tional settlements which must form th
subject matter of the present treaties
of peace-and of our national action in
the immediate future. It would be pre
mature to discuss them or to express a
judgment about them before they are
broughfto their complete formulation
by the agreements which are now
being sought at the table of the con
ference. I shall hope to lay them be
fore you in their many aspects as soon
as arrangements have been reached.
I hesitate to venture any opinion or
press any recommendation with regard
to domestic legislation while aDsent
from the United States and out of
daily touch with intimate sources of
information and counsel. 1 am con
scious that I need, after so long an
absence from Washington, to seek the
advice of those who have remained in
constant contact with domestic prob
lems and who have known them close
at hand from day to day, and I trust
that it will very soon be possible for
me to do so.
Labor Question Paramount.
But there are several questions press
ing for consideration to which I feel
that I may and, indeed, must, even now
irect your attention, if in only gen
ral terms. In speaking of them I shall.
Howard Annett, of University,
Back From France.
May 20. (Special.) Among the univer
sity men who have just returned from
service in Frarce is Howard Annett, in
structor in piano in the university
school of music. Mr. Annett. who has
been away since -the summer of 1917
was a member of the 361st ambulance
company, with which organization he
went through the fighting in the Ar
gonne and in Belgium.
When the former musical instructor
was not helping carry off the wounded
he used to give musical entertain
ments, which arpused comment among
the correspondents at the front. The
writers give him credit for helping keep
up the morale of men carrying on un
der most trying conditions.
Mr. Annett plans to return to his po
sition in the school of -music at the
opening of the fall term.
The value of the 191C-i7 Egyptian
cotton crop was estimated at $195,000
000. chiefly long etaple.
Girls! Make beauty lotion for
a few cents Try It!
Squeeze the juice of two lemons Into
a bottle - containing three ounces of
orchard white, shake well, and you have
a quarter pint of the best freckle and
tan lotion, and complexion beautlfler, a
very, very small cost.
Your grocer has the lemons and any
drug etore or toilet counter will suppl
three ounces of orchard white for a few
cents. Massage this sweetly fragran
lotion into the face. neck, arms and
hands each day and see how freckles
and blemishes disappear and how clear,
soft and rosy-white the skin becomes.
Yes! It is harmless and never irritates.
Cuticura Soap is
Easy Shaving for
Sensitive Skins
Tha New Up-to-date Cuttcara Method
fy xr J9
in developing the means of preserving forth te the income tax. the excess
and safeguarding life and health in I profits tax and the estate tax. All these
dangerous industries. It can now "help
in the difficult task of giving a new
form and spirit to industrial organiza
tion by co-ordinating the several agen
cies of conciliation and adjustment,
which have been brought Into existence
by the difficulties and mistaken poli
cies of the present management of in
dustry, and by setting up and develop
ing new federal agencies of advice and
information which may serve as a
clearing house for the best experiments
and the best thought on this great mat
ter, upon which every thinking man
must be aware that the future develop
ment of society directly depends.
Help Returned Soldiers Is Plesu
Agencies of international counsel and
suggestion are presently to be created
In connection with the 1-ague of na
tions in this very field, but it is na
tional action and the enlightened policy
of individuals, corpor-tions and. so
cieties within each nation that must
bring about the actual reforms. The
members of the committees on labor
in the two houses will hardly need sug
gestions from me as to what means
they shall seek to make the federal
government the agent of the whole na
tion in pointing out and. If need be,
guiding the process of re-organization
and reform.-
I am sure it is not necessary for me
to remind you that there is one imme
diate and very practical question of
labor that we should meet in the most
liberal spirit. We must see to it that
our returning soldiers are assisted in
every practicable way to find the
places for which they are fitted in the
daily work of the country. This can be
done by developing and maintaining
upon an adequate scale the admirable
organization created by the department
of labor for placing men seeking work;
and it can also be done in at least one
very great field by creating new op
portunities tor individual enterprise.
The secretary of the Interior has
pointed out the way by which return
can so be adjusted as to yield con
stant and adequate returns and yet not
constitute a too grievous burden on the
taxpayers. A revlsiou of the income
tax has already been provided for by
the act of 191S. but I think you will
find that further changes can be made
to advantage, both in tlie rates of taxes
and the method of collection. The ex
cess proftts tax need not long bo main
tained at the rates which were neces
sary while the enormous expenses of
the war had to be borne: Bat it enouia
be made -the basis of a permanent sys
tem which will reach undue profits
without -discouraging the enterprise
and activity of our business men. The
tax on Inheritances ought, no doubt, to
be reconsidered in its relation to the
fiscal systems of the several states, but
It certainty ought to remain a perma
nent part-of the fiscal system of the
federal government also.
' Inequalities of Rxclaes Shown.
Many of the minor taxes provided for
in the revenue legislation of 1917 and
1918, though no doubt made necessary
by the pressing necessities of war time,
could harday find sufficient Justifica
tion under the easier circumstances of
peace and can now happily be got rid
of. Among these, I hope you will agree,
are the excises upon various manufac
turers and the taxes upon retail sales.
They are unequal in the Incidence on
different industries and on different in
dividuals. Their collection is difficult
and expensive. Those which are levied
upon articles sold at retail are largely
evaded by the adjustment . of retail
prices. On the" other hand. I should
assume that it is expedient to maintain
a considerable range of indirect taxes;
and the fact that alcoholic liquors will
presently no longer afford a source of
revenue by taxation makes It the more
necessary that the field should be care
fully restudled in order that equivalent
sources of revenue may be found which
it will be legitimate and not burden-
dare say, be doing little more than
peak your own thoughts. I hope that
I shall speak your own Judgment also.
The question which stands at the front
f all others in every country amidst
the present great awakening Is the
uestlon of labor, and perhaps i can
speak of it -with as great advantage
while engrossed in the consideration of
nterests which affect all countries
alike as I could at home and amidst
the Interests which naturally most ar
feet my thought, because they are the
interests of our own people, ay tne
question of labor I do not mean the
Question of efficient industrial proauc
tlon; the question or now laDor is to
be obtained and made effective in the
erreat process of sustaining popuia
tions and winning success amiast com
mercial and industrial rivalries. I
mean that much greater and more vital
question, how are the men and women
who do the daily labor of the world to
obtain progressive improvement in the
conditions of their labor to be made
happier, and to be served better by the
communities and the industries which
their labor sustains and advances; how
are thev to be given their right ad
vantage as citizens and human beings?
General Co-operation Invited
We cannot go any further in our
nresent direction. We have already
gone too far. We cannot live our right
life as a nation or achieve our proper
success as an industrial community. If
capital and labor are to continue to be
antagonistic instead of being partners;
if they are to continue to aistrust one
another and contrive how they can get
the better of one another." Or, what
oerhaps amounts to the same thing
calculate by what form and degree of
coercion they can manage to extort,
on the one hand, work enough to make
enterDrise profitable; on the other,
justice and fair treatment enough to
make Hie toieraDie. j-nat oaa roau naa
turned out a blind alley. It is no thor
oughfare to real prosperity. We must
find another, leading in another airec
tion and to a very different destination.
It must lead not merely to accommoda
tion but also to a genuine co-operation
and Tjartnershio based upon a real com
munlty of interest ana participation in
There is now in fact a real commu
nity of interest between capital and la
bor, but it has never been made evi
dent in action. It can be made opera
tlve and manifest only in a new organ
ization of industry. The genius ot our
business men and the sound practical
sense of our workers can certainly
work such a partnership out when once
they realize exactly what it is that
they seek and sincerely adopt a com
mon purpose with regard to it.
Legislation Is Recommended
Labor legislation lies, of course
chiefly with the states: but the new
spirit and method of organization
which n.ust be effected are not to be
brought about by legislation so much
as by the common counsel and voiun
tary co-operation of capitalist, man
ager and workman. Legislation can go
only a very little way in commanaing
what shall be done. The organization
of indv.stry is a matter of corporat
and individual initiative and of prac
tical business arrangement. Those who
really desire a new relationship be
tween capital and labor can readily
find a way to bring it about and per
haps federal legislation can help more
than state legislation could
The object of all reform in this es
sential matter must be the genuin
democratization of industry. base
upon a full recognition of the right
of those who work, in whatever rank
to participate in some organic way i
every decision which directly affect
their welfare or the part they are to
play in industry. Some positive legis
lation is practicable. The congress has
already shown the way to one reform
which should be world-wide, by es
tablishing the eight hour day as th
standard day in every field ot,labo
over which it can exercise control.
has sought to find the way to preven
child labor, and will, I hope and be
lievc. presently find it. It has served
the whole country by leading the wa
lng soldiers may he helped to find and
take up land in the hitherto unde
veloped regions of the country which
the federal government has prepared
or can readily prepare for cultivation
and for many of the cut-over or neg
lected areas which lie within the lim
its of the older states, and I once more
take the liberty of recommending very
urgently that his plans shall receive
the immediate and substantial support
f the congress.
Removal of the ban upon the manufacture and sale of wines and
beers is recommended. The action is safe, declares the chief executive,
because of the demobilization of the military forces to a sufficient po;nt.
Announcement is made that the railroads will be handed over to
their owners at the end of the calendar year, and that telegraph and
telephone lines will be returned to their owners as soon as the re
transfer can be effected without administration confusion.
Elimination of many minor taxes, necessitated by war times, is
recommended. Included are the excises upon various manufacturers
and the taxes upon retail sales. Study of the field for taxation
is suggested.
Revision of import duties is found not necessary, as "no 6erious
danger of foreign competition now threatens American industries."
Special consideration asked for industries manufacturing dyesluffs
and related chemicals, and suggestion made precautions be taken to
protect industries from foreign competition.
Congress urged to co-ordinate agencies of conciliation and adjust
ment to promote better co-operation between capital and labor. Object
of reform is declared to be the democratization of industry.
Support of congress urgently requested for Secretary Lane's pro
gramme to give returned soldiers opportunity to take up land in hith
erto undeveloped regions of country.
Adoption of woman suffrage resolution recommended.
some to draw upon. But you have at
hand in the treasury department many
experts who can advise you upon the
matter much better than I can. I can
only suggest the lines of a permanent
and workable system, and the placing
of the taxes where they will least ham
per the lifo of the people.
New Industrial Field rietnred.
Peculiar and very stimulating con
ditions await our commerce and indus
trial enterprise in the immediate fu
ture. v Unusual opportunities will pres
ently present themselves to our mer
chants and producers in foreign mar
kets and large fields for profitable in
vestment will be opened to our free
capital. But it Is not only of that that
I am thinking; it is not. chiefly of that
that I am thinking. Many great in
dustries prostrated by the war wait to
be rehabilitated in many parts of tne
world where what will be lacking Is
not brains or willing hands or organ
izing capacity or experienced skill, but
machinery and raw materials and capi
tal. I believe that our business men,
our merchants, our manufacturers and
our capitalists will have the vision to
see that prosperity in one part of the
world ministers to prosperity every
where. That there is in a very true
sense a sollda.-ity of interest through
out the world of enterprise and that
our dealings with the countries that
have need of our products and our
money will teach them to deem us more
than ever friends whose necessities ,we
seek In the right way to serve.
Our new merchant ships which nave
in some quarters been feared as de
structive rivals may prove helpful
rivals, rather, and common servants,
very much needed and very welcome.
Our great shipyards, new and old, will
be so opened to the use of tne worm
that they will prove immensely service
able to every maritime people in re
storing, much more rapidly than would
otherwise have been possible, the ton
nage wantonly destroyed in the war,
have only to suggest that there are
many points at which we can facill
tate American enterprise in ioreign
trade by opportune legislation and
make it easy - far American merchants
to go where they will be welcomed as
friends rather than as dreaded antag
onists: America has a great and honor
able service to perform in bringing the
ccmmercial and industrial undertakings
of the world back to their old scope
and swing again, and putting a solid
structure of credit under them. All our
legislation should be friendly to such
plans and purposes.
Tax Revision Favored.
And credit and enterprise alike will
be quickened by timely and helpful
legislation with regard to taxation. .
hope that the congress will find it pos
Bible to undertake an early reconsldera
tion of federal taxes in order to make
our system of taxation more simple and
easy of administration and the taxes
themselves as little burdensome as they
can be made and yet suffice to support
the government and meet all Its obli
gations. The figures to ' which those
obligations have erisen are very great
indeed,, but they are not so great as
to make it difficult for the nation to
meet them, and meet them, perhaps, in
a single generation, by taxes which will
neither crush nor discourage. These are
not so great as they seem, not so great
as the Immense sums we have had to
borrow. Added to the immense sums we
have had to raise by taxation, would
seem to indicate, for a very large pro
portion of thoso sums were rr.ised In
order that they might be loaned to the
Governments with which we were asso
ciated In the war and thoso loans will
of course, constitute asseta, not liabili
ties, and will not have to be taken care
of bv our taxpayers.
The main thing we shall have to care
for is that our taxation Ehall rest as
lightly as possible on the productive
resources of the country, that Its rates
shrll be stable, sr.d that it shall be
constant In its revenue-yielding power.
We have found the main source3 from
which it must be drawn. I take It for
granted that its mainstays will hence-
Import Duty System Liked,
There is. fortunately, no occasion for
undertaking, in the immediate future
any general revision of our system Of
Import duties. - No serious danger of
foreign competition now threatens
American industries. Our country has
emerged from the war less disturbed
and less weakened man -any of the
European countries which are our com
petitors In manufacture. Their indus
trial establishments have been subject
ed to greater strain than ours; their
labor force to a more serious disorgan
izatlon, and this is clearly not the time
to seek an organized advantage. The
work of mere reconstruction will, I am
afraid, tax the capacity and the re
sources of their people for years to
come. So far from there being any
danger or need of accentuated foreign
competition. It is likely that the con
ditions of the next few years will great
ly facilitate the marketing of American
manufactures abroad. Least of al
should we depart from the policy
adopted in -the tariff act of 1913 of per
mltting the free entry into the United
States of the raw materials used to
supplement and enrioh our own abund
ant supplies.
Nevertheless there are parts of our
tariff system which need prompt at
tention. The experiences of the war
made it plain that in some cases too
great reliance on, foreign supply is dan
gerous, and that in determining certain
parts of our tariff policy domestic
considerations must be borne In mind
which are political as well as economic
Among the industries to which special
consideration should be given is tha
of the manufacture-of dyestuff s and
related chemicals. Our complete de
pendence upon German supplies be
fore the war made interruption of trade
cause of exceptional economic dis
turbance. The close relation between
the manufacture of dyestuffs on the
one hand and of explosives and poison
ous gases on the other, moreover, h
given the Industry an exceptional sig
nificance and value. Although the Unit
ed States will gladly and unhesitating
ly Join In the programme of interna
tional disarmament, it will, neverthe
less, be a policy of obvious prudence to
make certain of the successful mainte
nance of many strong and well
equipped chemical plants. The German
chemical industry, with which we will
be brought into competition, was and
will be again a thoroughly knit mo
nopoly capable of exercising a competi
tion of a peculiarly insidious and dan
gerous kind.
The United States should, moreover.
have the means of properly protecting
itself whenever our trade is discrim
inated against by foreign nations, in
order that we may be assured of that
equality of treatment which we hope
to accord and to promote the world
over. Our tariff laws as they now
stand provide no weapon of retaliation
in case other governments should enact
legislation unequal in its bearing on
our products as compared with the
products of other nations. Though we
are as far as possible from desiring to
enter upon any courso of retaliation, we
must frankly face the fact that hostile
legislation by other nations is not be
yond the range of possibility, and that
it may have to be met by counter legis
lation. This subject has fortunately been ex
haustively investigated by the United
States tariff commission. A recent re
port of that commission has shown very
clearly that we lack, and that we ought
to have, the instruments necessary for
the assurance of equal and equitable
treatment. The attention of the con
gress has been called to this matter
on past occasions, and the measures
which are now recommended by the
tariff commission are substantially the
same that have been suggested by pre
vlous administrations. 1 recommend
that this phase of the tariff question re
ceive the early attention of the con
gress. Suffrage Cause Promoted.
Will you not permit me, turning from
these matters, to speak once more and
very earnestly, of the proposed amend
ment to the constitution which would
extend the suffrage to women and
which passed the House of Representa
tives at the last session of the congress.
It seems to me that every consideration
of justice and of public advantage calls
for the immediate adoption of that
amendment and its submission forth
with to the legislatures of the several
states. Throughout the world this long
delsyed extension of the suffrage Is
looked for; In the United States longer.
I believe, than anywhere else. The ne
cessity for it and the Immense advan
tage of it to the national life has been
urged and debated by women and men j
policy of it when it required steadfast ,
courage to be so much beforehand with
the common conviction: and I. for one.
covet for our country the distinction of
being among the first to act iga very
great reform.
The telegraph and telephone lines
will, of course, be returned to their
owners so soon as the re-transfer can
be effected without administrative con
fusion, so soon, that is, as the change
can be made with least possible incon
venience to the public and to the own
ers themselves. The railroads will be
handed over to their owners at the end
of the calendar year; if I were in im
mediate contact with the administra
tive questions which must govern the
re-transfer of the telegraph and tele
phone lines I could name the exact date
for their return also. Until 1 am in ui
rect contact with the practical ques
tions involved, I can only suggest that
n the case of the telegraphs and tele
phones, as in the case of the railways,
it Is clearly desirable in the public in
terest that some legislation should be
considered which may tend to make of
these indispensable instrumentalities of
our modern life a uniform and co-ordinated
system which will afford those
who use them as complete ana certain
means of communication with all parts
of the country as has so long been af
forded by the postal system of the gov
ernment and at rates as uniform and
Removal of Ban on Beer Asked.
Expert advice is, of course, available
.. . . 1 . V.
n this very practical matter, hu i-
public Interest is manifest. P.eltner
the telegraph nor the telephone service
of the country can be said to be in any
sense a national system. There are
many confusions and Inconsistencies of
rates. The scientific means by which
communication by such instrumentali
ties can be rendered more thorougn
and satisfactory has not been made
full use of. An exhaustive study of
the whole question of electrical com
munication and of the means by which
the central authority of the nation can
be used to unify and Improve It, if un
dertaken by the appropriate committees
of the congress, would certainly re
sult, indirectly If not directly, in a very
crreat nubile benefit.
The demobilization of the military
forces of the country has progressed to
such a point that it seems to me entire
ly safe now to remove the ban upon
the manufacture and sale of wines and
beers, but I am advised that without
further legislation I have not the legal
authority n remove the present re
strictions. I therefore recommend thai
the act approved November 21, 1918, en
titled "An act to enable the secretary
of agriculture to carry out. during the
fiscal year ending June ju, iis. tne
purpose of the act entitled-An act to
provide further for the national securi
ty and defense by stimulating agrleul
Hire and facilitating the distribution
of agricultural products," and for other
purposes," to be amended or repealed
Insofar as It applies to wines and beers.
I sincerely; trust that 1 shall very
soon be at my post in wasmngion
again to report upon the measures
which made my presence at the peace
table apparently imperative and to put
myself at the service of the congress
In every matter of administration or
counsel that may seem to demand ex
ecutive action or advice.
May 20, 1919.
Forty-Sixth Annual Session Will Be
Held. at Illllsboro.
HILLS BORO, Or., May 20. (Special.)
The' 46th annual session of the Ore
gon state grange will open in Hlllsboro
at 10 o'clock Tuesday morning and
continue for four days. Two hundred
delegate's are expected and others who
will be present will swell the total
number of visitors to 500.
As officers were elected at the Asto
ria session last year, selection of of
ficers will not form a part of the bus
iness of the coming meeting, which
will be devoted strictly to business.
Sessions of the grange are private, but
outsiders will be admitted during the
lecture hours.
Despite the fact that Junketing has
been frowned down, relaxation will be
furnished by a motor trip to the Gro
ner walnut orchards at Scholls Wednesl
day afternoon, with a. return trip fol
lowing a route which will show the
famous agricultural district. In the
evening the delegates will be ten
dered a banquet by Hlllsboro business
u . .
KvSI - - - . . .
Colonel Baird or tlio State University
to Deliver Address.
KLAMATH FALLS. Or.. May 17. It
is probable that 2S pupils will be grad
uated In the class of 1919 from the Kla-v
math county high school at the com
mencement' exercises which will be
held at the Houston opera house next
Friday evening, according to a state
ment made by ITincipai u. rt. 50 w man
Col. Baird of the military department
of the state university will bo here to
deliver the commencement address
The music for the occasion will be fur
nished by the high school glee club.
Of the class of 28. only six are boys
this year, a smaller percentage than
usual. Miss Florence lowIlng. who
has made the highest record during the
four-year course, will be valedictorian,
and Miss Christine Murdock. who has
made the next highest record, is to be
probability averted 6erious results.
John Gilmore of Sightly was Killed
December IS last. His body was found
riddled with bullets, one passing
throuKh his head, entering behid the
ear aud coming out above the eye: an
other through the neck and three
through tho breast- Martin swirt was
tried for the crime, but a verdict of not
guilty was returned.
Part of Human Skull Found.
CEN'TRALIA. Wash., May 20. (Spe
cial.) Part of a human skull, found
Sunday on tho north fork of the Newau-
kuin river, near Forest, was yesterday
turned over to Dr. A. B. MacLean of
this city, Lewis county coroner. It is
thought possible that the skull is that
of Mrs. Carrie Macomber. who was
3Iurder Suspect, Though Acquitted,
Xot Welcomo at Castle Rock.
CASTLE ROCK, Wash., May 20 The
appearance here . Sunday or Martin
Swift, who was tried ana acqumea roi
lowing the murder of John Gilmore,
was the occasion ot quite a commotion
An Indignation meeting was held, sev
eral of the city officials and prominent
citizens attending. Tho sentiment of
the meeting was that Swift should
leave town at once.
City Marshal James Price was depu
Used to notify Swift of the action of
the meeting, which he did. Swift de
murred and said that he had a per
fect right to be here." Tho marshal
Informed him that he would be power-
loss to protect him should he remain.
Swift decided to leave, which in all
19 wl
drowned about a year ago in the Ne
waukurn 'at a point near where the
skull was found.
A "joker" is a word or clause ot
innocent appearance, inserted in a bill
before the congress in such a way as
to make the bill mean something which
some who voted for it did not think it
Read Tho Oreeonian classified ads.
7 ".1 "-c V " s
V. - -
Painless Parker).
SAYS: Statistics prove that
80 of the people do without
needed dental work and neglect
their teeth. The E. R. Tarker
System was organized to enable
those in need of reliable dental
service to have their teeth treat
ed at the least cost possible with
good workmanship.
- Parker
326 Washington St
Cor. Sixth