Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, April 25, 1919, Page 7, Image 7

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Machine Gun Battalions Lose
Heavily in Sector.
Colin V. Djmcnt, Red Cros Searcher
With list DlTl.-ion, Records
Great Feats of Rattle.
American Bed Cron srcher With th. lt
sevestkkstii article.
Just as the deaths and the fatal
wounds of the first day of the l
In the Arconne were far heavier In the
JJd and SStth Infantry than they were
In the 3(lst and :-d. no on the second
day they were also far heavier. The
latter, the lSUd brigade, on September
II. In what tho writer Is calling the
battle of rlisfontalne. had nearly. 100
men killed or fatally wounded. In the
battle of feninanrille, Just at the right
the lSlst losses In dead were fewer
than S.
In the end. after the Arconne and
after Kelcium. the dead of the 361st
and 3S''d were higher by more than 100
than those in the other two regiments.
but tin to the night of September
the 33d and 3S4th were mourning two
me a to one In the other brigade. It was
on the fearful 29th. going to Gcsnes,
and on the th and 10th of October, in
front of hill :5i and beyond, that the
SSlt and piled up their dead.
The 317th machine gun battalion.
supporting the Hist brigade, lost a few
more than the StSth machine gun bat
talion, supporting the 182d: and the
JKth engineers, which are herein con
sidered as a separate outfit although
brigaded for the most part with the
l-d. lost about equally with the 348th.
That I, tho 347th lost In excess of
to in dead and the 348th and the en
gineers somewhat fewer than 50. The
atsth machine gun battalion lost only
ix. It was a motorized outfit and In
both the Argonne and Belgium was held
In reserve for emergencies. Thus it
was lucky on the casualty side, yet un
lucky to get no chance to make a name
for itself in the fighting-, as Its sister
battalions did.
Battle Line Described.
While in this serial the battle of
Kpinonville seems to be distinguished
from the battle of Eclisfontaine. the
four infantry regiments attacked in
reality, at dawn of the :7th. In an
unbroken line. At the morning jump
off, the line ran nearly northeast to
southwest. The right, as has been de
scribed In the day's casualty history of
the 181st. set out from the ridge op
posite Kpinonville and struck at the
town and the orchard. The left, having
slept on the'west slope of Very canyon,
et out from the canyon.
Where the right wing was stuck at
the orchard, however, the left had a
mile to go at the nearest point to reach
Kclisfontaine over a rolling plateau.
This plateau, with occasional coulees,
stretched to the south and southwest
of Eclisfontaine, and it provided, ex
cept at Kclisfontaine Itself, no such
resistance center as the village and
orchard In front of the 361st and 362d.
(It will be understood by all readers,
of course, that the 181st brigade is just
the same aa the 361st and 36-d infantry
regiments plus 347th machine gun bat
talion plus minor attached units).
Thus the 18'.'d brigade at the left was
Able to pivot around to such an extent
that by night the line that had run
northeast to southwest In the morning
was almost straight east and west. The
left wing gave up some of its gains, but
the Germans did not move in, and the
following morning both wings broke
through the two villages and at 4
o'clock of the ISth were making a. des
perate charge a full mile and a half
to the northwest.
Marhiae Gmm Resistance Big.
It would have gladdened the parent
states of the west to see the left wing
climb out of the canyon and start across
the plateau on the Irlh. Roughly
speaking, the 364th infantry attacked
from the right of ery and the 363d
from the left. Each ran into machine
gun and. sniper resistance almost at
once. The country ahead of the left
wing was just a continuation of that
open, rolling region, with thickets and
occasional flats, that it had gone on
through the day before, northwest of
the Bois de Cheppy. The thickets, the
side hills, the embankments, provided
fine shelter for snipers and gun nests.
The writer can scarcely have space
In this serial to cover all the casualties
of the left wing on this day: too many
Installments would be required; but to
show the kind of battle it was and to
describe a specimen set of experiences,
be will begin with company M of the
963d. Company M on that day was com
manded by Captain Charles Abercrombie
of Portland, w ho had gone to an officers'
school from his post as attorriey in the
trust department of the First National
bank. The company today Is com
manded by Captain W. M. Ackley. also
of Portland, a former machinist, a
crack shot with numerous dead Huns
to his credit and a good commander.
Abercrombie died a. brave westerner's
It was 7 A. M. when company M went
Tip from its pits to the rolling plateau.
From northwest and northeast, artillery
opened and from 1000 yards to the front,
nests of machine guns. "All forward."
yelled an officer and the men began
one of thoee series of rushes that are
used in machine gun fire. They bad
got 10 feet in the first rush when a
bullet struck Private Emil A. Kicker
In the neck, emerging at his back. He
cram-led back to a pit. was given first
id by Private Alva K. Diver, and died.
Wealthy AUa Die la Battle.
The men had progressed 300 or 400
yards when the next man was killed: a
wealthy young business man of San
Francisco with everything to live for.
le was Corporal A. W. Xonnenmann.
lie was struck in the stomach, lie lay
on a small ridge about 20 feet from
Kirst Sergeant Willard C. Bonham, who
called. h:tving heard a "plump." "Did
that bullet get you. Konnenmann?"
It was a minute or so before Xonnen
mann answered. "Bonham. they got
me." Bonham asked where; the corporal
said, "through the stomach. The ser
geant asked if he wanted his pack
taken off, game to the last, said, "No,
Til be all right in a few minutes." Bon
ham then asked if he could get down
from the hummock, the men not daring
to get him because of machine gun fire.
Jle replied. "I can't move; it hurts me
too much." The sergeant told him to
roll on his back if he could, and he
said bravely, "I'll try." He did roll
over and just then word came that
company K, of the 363d had flanked the
machine gun, and company M was or
dered ahead. Xonnenmann was still
breathing as the company passed and
is said to have lived about 30 min
utes in all. His grave Is on the plateau.
About this time, aa he was making
a. rush. Private William C Blair of Bel
fteld. X. threw his arms across his
Ktomtch, doubled up. and sank down
again. He died In just that position,
probably instantly. While some men
lived lor a. lima with stomach, wounds.
many died as quickly as if the heart
had been struck.
The company now crossed one pla
teau, went into a hollow, and out of the
hollow to a second plateau, where.
about I P. SL, it lay at the crest of a
rise on the front line. Two Hun rifle
men were at work at the company'
left. One was up in a tree; the other
at the foot of the tree. They had
wounded two men already and had
shot the heel from the shoe of Lieu
tenant Leeper; and who knows how
many more men they had shot? They
were about S23 yards away and the
company had out a patrol trying to
find them, for snipers do not remain
that close without being cleverly nia
den unless they expect to die fighting,
have a clear field for getting away
at the last, or think they can "Kame-
Death la Last Straw.
About 3:30 P. M , one of them shot
Ballard B. Powell, a corporal from
Sacramento, piercing his heart. Powell
was rushing toward a barbed wire en
tanglement, and fell 30 feet from it.
His death was the last straw. An au
tomatic gunner shot one sniper out of
the tree, and Corporal Ray Wilson
worked up close to the other one.
"Kamerad." he shouted, as he sprang
out. It was too late.
The company passed the barbed wire.
crossed the great national highway at
point a mile southwest of r.ciisfon-
lo(n mrtA ran Intn nther Kniners. It
1 1 was now two miles from its starting
place, as the crow flies, commanaing
the first platoon was Sergeant Charles
Thompson, Jr., of JCovato. Cal., who
crawled to the top of a little hill to
take observations. He raised his head
to look and was shot through the fore
head. Private Frank Gallagher had crawled
up there with him. He too raised up
to look. The sniper had had just time
to throw in another cartridge. Gal
lagher was shot in the forehead. Both J
were instantly killed. me uerman
riflemen on the 91st front were often
dead shots.
Sergeant I.ouls Pedriolt of Modesto,
Cal.. meanwhile was struck In the legs
by a shell. The right was In part blown
off. and the left was shattered. He
dropped on his side, propped himself
up on his right elbow, and called out
to Private Frank Campodonico of Cres
sey. Cal.. but Campodonico was then
ordered forward and had to leave him.
The company advanced about ZOO yards.
lay in a ravine until dark, then du
in. Lest the Germans attack. It was
ordered back to the Very canyon slope.
nd did not go by the route , where
Pedrioli lay. Next morning, however.
It came back that way and found him
Ith a bullet through his head and his
pistol and field glasses gone. Who
fired the shot will never be known
officially. It Is a company theory that
the Germans came over and put htm
out of his misery.
Private William Walnio, 1 1 w a c o,
Wash, by shellfire: Private Severre
Kide. Daglun, N. D.. by a bullet, and
probably Peter Schmidt. Rose Creek,
Minn., were killed on this day.
Abercrombie fttory Told.
It remains to tell the sorry story of
Abercrombie. the captain. The com
pany was 50 yards across the national
highway, when about 3:40 o clock a
hhell came along. The Hun had begun
about 3 to supplement his machine gun
and rifle fire by much harder shellfire.
This shell ruined one of the eyes of
Private James Hammfll and nearly tore
off the captain's right leg.
He was a big and a heavy man, and
of his company took turns in pack-
ng him back. Twice he asked the boys
to cut off his leg with their knives.
Just as they started back, a shell fell
so near that he put up his hands to
keep off the debris. He was afraid of
being dropped on the way back, on ac
count of the shelling, but the boys did
not drop him. One of the privates
said. "How much are you hurt, cap-
In?" and he answered, "I think I'll
lose both my legs.' Captain F. S. Sever
of Portland, commander of company I,
363d. talked with him for a minute,
but because of the stress of war could
not stay. Slajor Cadwalter gave him
a drink on the way back. He recog
nised Sergeant Davis when being given
first aid. and said. "Well, Davis, they
got me." ;
Two miles back, at Very, was a
dressing station in a .half-wrecked
stone building. Wrecked Very was
constantly shelled, including the dress,
ing station. The captain reached there
two hours after the shell came. He
went back through the hospitals, and
is said to have lived till October 11.
He was one of Portland's greatest
losses, not only in the 91st, but in the
whole war.
The company went to bed in the
shallow pits on the canyon-side, near
where it had slept the night before.
It had cleaned out its share of two
miles of front, which again in the
morning it was to advance through
easily, and It had lost 11 in dead.
Thus passed a specimen day tn
specimen company on the left wing of
the 91st in the battle of Kclisfontaine.
The account of the battle of Eclis
fontaine. which cost the 182d brigade
on the 27th of September, nearly 500
in dead and wounded, will be continued
by Lieutenant Dyment in tomorrow's
km:r- w
mi l 4 vM
i i mun.-ti.iff titi .j' still
u 1 -.
Copyright 1919 Hart Schaffaer & Marx
Clothes Values
That Stand Out
We're giving them; unu
sually strong clothes values.
There's value in the tailor
ing, value in the style, in
the all-wool fabrics, with
real quality at the prices.
You'll like what we've gath
ered for you in
Hart Schaffner 6? Marx
suits and overcoats
Miltary overcoats "Prep" suits .
Waist-seam overcoats Business suits
Waist-seam suits Dress clothes
Panel back suits Blue serge suits
Varsity suits
$35, $40, $45 and Up
Sam'l Rosenblatt
& Co.
The Men's Store for
Quality and Service
Gasco Bldg.
Fifth and Alder
WASHINGTON, April 24. Casualties
reported comprise 288 names:
Killed in action. 3; died from wounds,
C; died of accident and other causes.
14; died of disease, 27; wounded se
verely. 18: wounded (degree undeter
mined). 20; wounded slightly, 201.
Killed In action
Conley. John 1, Lowell. Mass.
Jackson, James F. IX. Council Bluffs, la.
Walton. William. Hartford, Conn.
lied from weond
Bm-kiey. James J. (Cpl.). New Tork.
Berry. Harold J., Colorado prinics, Colo.
Jones, "Walter L, FrankltnsviUe, X. C.
Strut's. Rudy S. iFgl.). O ran by. Mo.
Died of accident mad other causes
Thornton. Frank A.. Seattle. "Waao.
Wllaon. Dale I. Maysvtlie. Ky.
Uakea, Harry l.t . Hudson. South Dakota.
BUM. William. Chicago, 111.
Burdick Frank Ray. Burlington, Kan.
Ceaaer. Eupthtw, Clio. Ala.
Connolly. John. San Francisco. Cal.
Henderson. Charles. Hopklnavllle. Kv.
Johnson, Howard N-. Cltronelle. Ala.
Pound. Truman E., Thomaston, Ga.
Schott. Herbert F.. Canton, O.
Suillvun. Jeremiah B New York.
Golden. Morea. Pelnam, Ga.
Hill. Jake. Atlanta. Ga.
Ward. John 1 . Lincoln, Neb.
Died of diaeaw
Cox. Stanley (CPL). Dundee. 1:1.
Gunderaon. Oacar C. Grand Forks, X. Dak.
Sherman. Paul H. pi.). Hyannia. Mass.
Waller. Charles W. Cpl.). Centralia, Mo.
Pretlik. William (cook), Poland, Kuaaia.
Moore. Ezra Red Croaa) Goldsboro, X. C.
Dorteh, Jesse. Marvel. Ark.
Jones. James Clyde, Kdneyvllle; N. C.
Kenney. John F., Stark City, Mo.
RenuccU Alessio C, ChlcaKo, III.
Roberta. John. Round Oak. Gji.
Sewell, HarrlA Cox Station. Md.
Stanford. Daniel R.. Philadelphia. Pa.
Thompson. Elmer IT., Fargo, N. Dak.
Van Frank, Clifford J.. Cincinnati, O.
Wilson, Harold Alva, Beatrice, I'eb.
Miller, Harry. Mllford. Del.
Hlrka. Chas. R. Jr. (PiLI. Cedarhurst. N.
Hudaon. Otis L. iCp!.), o. Mount Creek, Ala.
Arbo. Burt C. Oxbow. Me.
Conaway. Wnu F., MrMechen. "W. Va.
Gibson. David. Baltimore, Md.
Hams. Thad. Sfneca, S. C.
Pollafito. Carmelo. Brooklyn, N. T.
Tayloy, Oscar. Percella, Miss.
Vandre. Herman E Ashland, Wis.
Wounded slightly
Evans. David William (Lt), North Twenty-
second street. Portland, or.
JVpk-a. Elmer R, 1031 South Syracuse street.
Portland. Or.
Rogers. John A., -Willamette. Or.
Nygren, Oscar A., Seattle, Wash.
Died from accident (previously reported
killed In action)
Cuhine-. Lemuel II.. Moscow. Idaho.
Returned to dutr (previously reponea
killed in action)
sorkol. Joaenh R.. Belolt. Wis.
Wounded, decree undetermined (nrenoua-
Iv reported died or disease)
Miller. Harry Reading, Pa.
Killed in action (previously
Harre. William. Beardstown, ill.
Olfon. Oscar, Seattle, Wash.
Died of disease (previously
Loughran, Peter, Philadelphia. Fa.
Aliasing; in action (previously
Richmond Guv A. fcol.). Guthrie. Okla.
Killed in action (previously reported miss
Denrlnghnff, Ferdinand' E. (Cpl.), Moxee
City. Wash.
Ivell. Harry B. (Cpl.). Harrlsvllle, Pa.
Morrison, Joseph P. (Cpl.), Ironwood, Mich.
Beard. Otto. Leakesville, Miss.
Chatfleld. Wallaco. St. Charles, Mich.
Dahl, Oscar M Thief River Falls, Minn.
Hedrick. A. B.. Gram.- Okia.
McGauRhy. Mathias W., Warden, 111.
Pantzar, Gunner, Chicago. III.
Pierce, Max O., Borden, Kan.
Rade, John, lounpstown. O.
Sisak, Gasper T., Braddock, Pa.
Stone. Jesse M.. Rockwall. Texas.
Tackowiak. Joseph, Milwaukee, Wis.
Willis. Wllbert. East Liverpool. O.
Worcester. Thomas F., Jonosport. Me.
Died from wounds received in action
(previously reported mfosing)
Sherman, Reld v. Fisher, Pa.
Died (previously reported missing-)
Wood, Anfln C, Eagle Grove, la.
Phone your want ads to The Orego
nian. Main 7170. A fi95.
At the Theaters.
APORTLANi) boy, Hal Germanus,
Is featured In the act which Is of
paramount Interest on the new Hippo
drome bill. This is a musical revue
called 'A Cycle of Mirth," and several
pretty, talented girls add Interest in
songs and dancing. The featured girl Is
a dainty blonde named Ann Butler,
whose work has been admired here be
fore. Mr. Germanus is one of the
younger dancing vocalists in vaudeville
and his work proves extremely divert
ing. The act is full of song special
ties with dance interpolations.
Charles King and Virginia Thornton,
whose work is known all over the Pa
cific coast for its general excellence,
are appearing in a remarkably brilliant
dramatic sketch which takes place
alongside the dance revue for popular
ity and interest. Mr. King is one of
the best-known character portrayers on
the etage and Miss Thornton has never
been seen to better advantage than in
their present vehicle, a tense drama
with a surprise finish entitled "The
Counselor." , - - .! .; -
Tourestl. with personality and a vi
olin, demonstrates good entertainment.
His happy maneuvers with nis Dusy
fiddle claim for him a wealth of applause.
Clay and Robinson have an out-or
the-ordinary act called "The Girl and
the Wop" which- is replete with fresh
and entertaining comedy ideas.
The Kurtys aggregation of two me
and one phenomenally strong woman
establish a record for. excellence and
original method in a very fine gymnas
tic novelty.
A bicycle and unicycle achievement i
offered by Wheelock and Hay, whose
adventures on the wheels are amazing.
"Hold Up Your Hands" is tho title
of the photo feature with Margarita
Fischer at her best in a five-act comedy
of refinement and good fun.
Babb, in command, and the men will be
given their discharges, which are now
in the hands of Colonel Babb. These
companies were organized as home
guards over a year ago and were drilled
by Colonel John Leader of the Royal
Irish Rifles, now military instructor
at the University of Oregon.
Pendleton Colonel Honored.
.- PENDLETON, Or., April 24. (Spe
cial.) Colonel Harry A. liegeman, son
of Mr. and Mrs. P. J. Hegeman of this
city, is one of the 100 colonels who have
been decorated with the distinguished
service cross for work in France. Col.
Hegeman organized and was in charge
of the repair service of the motor trans
port service abroad and made a re
markable record in that work.
11 .-.w ...... mMsuN., ,
III l -'..... '.'.' ?s.-f-. J .
lilt & - x ;
S"Hfc'' " illm m mil n' inn 'II nmiai i
June 28. 1904
Aug. 31. 1915
Mar. 14, 1916
Feb. 19. 1918
Militia to Be Demolished.
EUGENE, Or.. April 24. (Special.
The four companies of state militia
located in Eugene will be demobilized
some time during the next few days,
according to Lieutenant-Colonel R. A
17nsrt (JdssJSdd
for an appetite
like mine.
From the first step to
the last, nothing has
been left undone to
make the Lanpher the
quality hat. The style
element is just as
well taken care of. J
Buy Bonds First
Tlje most important
thing; for everyone to do
is to buy all the Victory
bonds you can and then
buy a few more bonds.
Do Your Best!
Do Your Bit!
STAPLES The Jeweler-Optician
266 Morrison Street, Bet. Third and Fourth
Spread Oyer Face. Scaled
Over. Cubrara Heals.
"I had pimples, mostly on tny
chin, but they spread to other parts
ot my face. They scaled
over and were very large,
and my skin was sore and
red. They itched very badly
and itcaused disfigurement.
"Then I used Cuticura.
I put the Cuticura Ointment
on and left it for about five
minutes, and then I washed it off
with the Cuticura Soap and hot water.
Now, I am healed." (Signed) Miss
Elizabeth Hughes, Raymond, Calif.
For hair and skin health Cuticura
Soap assisted by the Ointment is
supreme for daily toilet purposes.
Ba anre to tast th. faaeinatlnw frairraitM
of Cntieara Talcum on roar akin. Th. Soap.
Ointment and Talcum 2&C ererywhers.
Reliance Life Insurance
Company of Pittsburgh
of Pittsburgh, in the state of Pennsylvania,
on the 31et day of December, 118, made to
me niBumnce commissioner 01 tne state or
Oregon, pursuant to law:
Amount of capital stock paid
up 1,000,000.00
Total premlnm income $ 531,678.16
interest, aiviaenas ana rents
received during the vear Haft sat r
Income from other sources re
ceived during the year 219,589.31
THE truck tire with toes a brand new
principle, invented and patented by this
Company accepted at once by the largest
users of heavy trucks in the world. Under
a load, the toes spread until they touch, giv
ing ample room for the flow of rubber and
avoiding the "traction wave" which breaks
the back of a tire. Maximum resiliency
and unparalleled wear on thegheaviest runs
of the heaviest trucks.
Corner Broadway
& Ankeny Street
Total Income $ 3,903,728.09
Disbursement s.
Paid for losses, endowments.
annuities and surrender
values 1 1 n.17 nja .1.1
Dividends paid to policyholders i
aunnK ine year iir k ?.q
Dividends paid on capital stock
during the year 80,000.00
Commissions and salaries paid
during the year 1.020.54L7C
Taxes. licenses and fees paid
uuring tne year 83.701.23
Amount of all other expendi
tures 3SS.346.38
Total expenditures $ 2,738,293.09
alue of real estate owned
(market value)
atue of stocks and bonds
owned .market or amortized
Loans on mortgages and col
lateral, etc
Premium notes and policy loans
sh in banks and on hand. . . .
Net uncollected and deferred
Other assets (net)
Total assets S
Total assets admitted in Ore- -
gon 9
Net reserves $
Total Dollcv claims unpaid....
All other liabilities
1. 007.4 B9.98
Total liabilities, exclusive of
capital stcck of $1.000,000..$ 7, 587.997. SS
Total insurance in lorce De
cember ol. 1918 102, 841,263.00
Businetui in Oreron for the Year.
Total insurance written durinsr
tha vear t 169.000 00
Gross premiums receivea cur
ing the year 31,696.3:
Premiums returned during the
vear 3o.50
Losses paid during the year.. l.OOO.oo
Losses incurred during the year 1,000.00
Total amount or insurance out
standing in uregon Decem
ber 31. 1918 815,314.00
J. H. REED. Pres.
H. G. SCOTT. Sec.
Statutory resident attorney for service:
y S ''tit
- . Ct.
"Keep . I V: - , j
Smiling ('
with I ' ' 1
Kellys" J 1JW8aM'i " I
f r f
' TTTi i -'fiViiiiiii