Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, April 22, 1919, Page 17, Image 17

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Tragedy Revealed by Writer in
Russian Newspaper.
Educated People Beg for Alms and
Hang Around Public Eating
Houses Gazing ritlously.
T.OVDON. (Correspondence of The
Associated Press.) Appalling Incidents
of the tragedy of starvation in reiro-s-rad
are revealed by a writer In the
Knukoje Slovo, a newspaper published
at Ubau.
"Is life at retrograd really a ter
rible as people and as the newspapers
describe it?" he asks. "It Is difficult
f ir me to answer this puestlon: dlf
ftcult to return to the exciting; and
fantastic moods evoked by hungry,
hinilnnrf Pjttroarrad.
"Educated people beg for alms In the
streets and bans; around public eating
houses Eazinc plteously Into the eyes
of those who eat and waiting; rreedlly
In case anyone should leave some mor
sel hhlnd-
"Children rum ma re In the refuse pits
and ravenously devour heads or
herrings aqd all the things despised
ivtn by the hungry retrograd house
wife, all the things undiscovered even
by the lean, enfeebled Feirograd cats.
OrkiMiUiM Boys Commit Marder.
I will not tell of the terrible Judi
cial proceedings where ten-year old
dehumanised boya admit with sullen
cynicism that they deliberately killed
a little brother or sister who emou
tered their lives and devoured all the
bread rations. All these things made
up the chronicle of daily happenings
when we still had a press.
"How do they live who have not be
come wild beastsT They are all bun
arr and hunger tortures thenTalL But
each knows that all the others are
huncry and that Is why no one speaks
of his hunger. Human suffering has
lost its individuality. Who will pity
me If I nearly die of hunger when
everyone is hungry himself? Every
one will turn away and say in a curly
voice: 'I. too. am dying.'
"Men and women cease to complain.
They drop in the streets through sheer
starvation but you seldom hear any
one complain about his hunger. Ms own
torturing enervating hunger. They
all pretend to be busy with their
wonted affairs as though they bad
come to an unspoken agreement, as
though their customary existence were
till going on and nothing had altered.
Ihlldrra Live Little Feed.
"A school girl Is running along with
her bundle of books to catch an elec
tric car. Her drees is hanging from
her body, her little face has drawn to
gether so that It is now about the else
of a fist. She Is assuredly hungry,
but she runs as she used to run in
days long ago to catch the car as
though she must run on and on.
"On a garden path a little boy Is
playing. His mother calls him and
gives him a piece of bread made of
some doubtful flour substitute. He
eats It very carefully and collects all
the crumbs and returns to his game.
Nor does his mother groan or sigh but
burridly takes from her little basket
a worn stocking and mends it.
Assuredly she has forgotten the re
membrance of food yet she hurries on
with her work.
"You can feel a strain, an inhuman
effort in the present daily life of
Pelrograd. You feel that everything
Is only held together by the power of
imagination that may cease at any
"I'etroprad. the doomed city, a city
sick to death.
. " ., ..: .' S
t . : - ' ' - '
. - C
1 -iill
Big Bergs Are Said to Follow
No Set Course.
Members of Storkerson's Party Move
Jorth, East and South, Finally
Reaching Starting Point.
SEATTLE, Wash. Arctic ice packs.
in their driftlngs up around the top
of the world, follow no set schedule
and no particular route, according to
Martin Kllian, a Seattle boy who was
member of Storker Storkerson's ex
ploration expedition which landed on
the northern Ice off Alaska last spring
In the hope that it would be carried
west toward Siberia.
Northern drifts played a cruel trick
on the Btorkerson party, xnsceaa 01
carrying their ice pack west they
moved the Ice north, then east, and
finally south, eventually landing- the
exDlorers but a comparatively short
distance from Barter island, near their
starting place.
Kilian's sister. Miss Gudrin Kllian
of Seattle, recently received a letter
from her brother. The letter was writ
ten from Barter island December 11th
and was brought out by a Royal
Northwest Mounted Police patrol sen
north to the Arctic Ocean from Daw
son. Y. T.
While on the Ice, the members of
the Storkerson expedition lived in
tent and depended altogether on their
rifles for food. "Plenty of polar bear
and seals were found," Killlan said.
At times the heat bothered them
"Probably it sounds strange but it got
so warm on that ice up Deyona tne
Arctic circle that it was uncomfortable
In the tent." the letter said.
Vilhjamur Stefenson, returned Can a
dlan Arctic explorer, planned the
Storkerson ice drift. Stefansson hoped
the ice would drift west to Siberia
along a route that Stefansson s boat,
the Karluk, was carried oy tne ice
pack in 1914. Stefansson hoped to
make the float himself but he became
ill and turned the leadership over to
Storkerson. his lieutenant.
The Storkerson party landed on the
ice pack In February, 1918. All sum
mar long they drifted about under the
midnight sun and rinauy lanaea xio
vember 7, defeated but alive. Authori
ties describe the trip one of the most
10 M. in Liberty park and it was
the conclusion of action on the agree
ment that the question of a six-hour
day came up. Speakers pointed out
that there is a general movement in
world centers toward a six-hour day
and urged its adoption as one of the
best means of providing more jobs for
men returned from service.
The delegates elected last Friday to
represent the union at the convention
of district No. 44 were instructed to
work and vote for the six-hour day.
The union's delegates to the local
metal trades and central labor coun
cils were also instructed to begin work
Immediately to further the Cause.
Aid Given Washington County as
First in Land to Get Quota.
LA GRANDE, Or.. April 21. (Spe
cial.) Union county's claims to being
first in Oregon to go over the top in
the victory loan drive have been with
drawn by General Manager Kiddle to
give undisputed and quick claims for
Washington county to lead the United
States. Lnion county's quota was un
derwritten, technically speaking, Mr.
Kiddle says, at the same hour tnat
Washington's was.
However, since Washington, being
part of Oregon, is in line for nationa
honors, Mr. Kiddle wishes it known
Union will not stand-in the way, but
still demands vehemently that he won
give way for second place to anything
or anybody.
There was brisk buying today by
the citizenship from underwriters.
. , . . . . , r . .titles aescriDe tne trip one ox me n.
Captain J. L. Carney of Pittsburg. Pa., is here seen with a pigeon, ''Cher Ami," I h nxi-iimm ventures
whtw j ... j . i .ii...; i .. i. i .. i t , . i j I ' .
wunu v a uicu ivi ujo uiaiiiiuiaucu ocrviLa tnna. iMng Mtlcr ills lauicicu tragic history OI Arct
frame has gone to dust his memory will live in the pages of American history as I tion
the pigeon that brought back to headquarters the plight of Colonel Whittlesey s I o. .a n with Mm
lost battalion in the Argonne forest. The bird, which was an elusive target frTncy were Kilian Gus Maslk and two
the German machine gurs. Is an exceedingly thin creature, blue, slate and white men named Knight and Gumaer. Masik
in vuii. ii wo nun auiimu u)r mo man iiuiumg u, uo is in tumumiiu vi recently arrived at Fairbanks, Alaska,
Company 1 of the pigeon eer ice. Throughout the bird's service on the western hi. th.
front It made 14 flights and was finally discharged when a fragment of shell storkerson is believed to be on his way
carried away a part of Its right leg. This mishap occurred during a flight from to ottawa to report to the Canadian
' ". unt i wnn u nuL.un.ant mrasosc " new wiium uib government, which financed the
a out,, iuu nucu Ik uiguicu Bl 1L9 ucauuaiiuu iuy)ru vvcr nwiu " I ned ition.
nt hlmH 1 f. .nr-f- V. . , . . ..Ill k ... r,,nf.J tai. H.n.ra 1 TTaVt 1 n 0- Icuilawu.
on a tour of inspection, asked to see the wonderful creature and, after stroking
Its head, stated that the bird should be well taken care of and sent to Washing
ton upon its return.
paper man and of late with the Town
ley organization. Is slated for the im
migration commlsslonershlp at a sal
ary of 13600 per year.
V. M. C. A. Men With Czech Army
Turning Out Tons of Food.
CHELYABINSK. Russia. Kenneth
Milter, formerly head of the John Hubs
eetUement at New York city, ia now
titrecttnff an American Young: Men's
Christian Association enterprise at Che-
liabinntc which in jrreatly appreciated
hy the Cxecho-Siovalc troops. Having:
lived in Bohemia, he knows what best
pleases the Czech army and so he es
tablished a sausage factory and bakery.
The sausage factory ts turning: out tons
of sausages and does a business of
300.000 rubles monthly. The work Is
done by Zi German and Austrian pris
hi Terr day the bakery is making; S000
of the rolls so popular in Prague,
Kverythlng is sold at cost. In this
practical manner Mr. Miller has "made
good" with the Bohemians and people
generally. It mas at Cheliabinsk that
the Cxecho-SIovak troops inaugurated
their campaign against the Bolshevikl
and Magyar
Montenegrins Tasting . Bccfits of
American Charily.
CETT1XJK. Montenegro. (Corre
spondence of the Associated Press.)
This little Balkan country has been
tasting the benefits of American Red
Cross relief work. Major Kdwin G.
Dexter of New York and a staff of 45
assistants, including physicians and
nurses, have been feeding the poor,
caring for the sick and instituting
American sanitary methods for several
weeks. The results have evoked warm
expressions of thanks from the govern
ment. Relief stations have been estab
lished at Cattaro. .Podgorttxa. Nitshlts
and Cettlnje and several hundred tons
of supplies have already been distrib
uted to the need yand to the hospitala
The American and Red Cross flags,
which fly from the Red Cross mission's
warehouse in this ancient and pictur
esque city, have excited wide Interest
among the Montenegrins. The members
of the mission have been made the
guests of the Montenegrin government.
L' E-Xorth Dakota Defence Council Of
ficial With Workmen's Bureau.
BISMARCK. X. D. John B. Brown,
former secretary of the state council of
defense and before that labor expert
for North rakota has been engaged as
secretary of the workmen's compensa
tion bureau, at a salary of JJ500 per
year. Mr. Brown's appointment was
made at the Initial meeting of the
bureau when the members completed
their preliminary organization.
Secretary Brown comes from Wlscon-,
sin. He has been In North Dakota'
about two years, during which time he
was a public appointee under the Town
ley regime. With this appointment,
three of the best appointive jobs at the
disposal of Mr. Townley have been
awarded to the tatter's aewspaperanen.
Oliver S. Morris, former editor of the
Nonpartisan leader, was given a berth
under the Townley faction, as secretary
of the Industrial commission at a salary
of $3600.
Walter Liggett, former St, Paul news-
Worker In Corca Sentenced
'Propaganda Activity.
PTENG TANG, Corea. April 20. (By
the Associated Press.) Rev. Ell M.
Mowry of Mansfield, O., a Presbyterian
missionary, was found guilty today of
having permitted Coreans to use his
premises here for disseminating propa
ganda for Corean independence ' and
sentenced to six months' imprisonment.
The decision was sppealed from by
the missionary and he was admitted to
ShorUiorns Offered (or Sale.
LA ORANOE. Or, April 21. (Spe
cial.) More than 60 registered short
horn cattle are already consigned to
the La Grande shorthorn sale to be held
here May X. the first of the kind In this
Scores of Old Third Oregon and Sec
ond Washington Reach Tacoma.
TACOMA. Wash., April 21. (Special.)
After fighting through a dozen of
the hottest battles of the war, 70 mem
bers of the old 3d Oregon and 2d Wash
ington national guard regiments -are
back at Camp Lewis. They arrived in
Teton, Payette and Oneida Counties group of 267 casuals gathered from
First to Make Quota. many outfits in the army.
I The 65 men of the 2d Washington
BOISE. Idaho. April 21. (Special.) -nd the s--.. number from the Oregon
The victory loan drive opened in Idaho reeiment wera transferred from the
section. The quality of consignments
offered is attracting northwest atten
tion to the coming event, which marks
a new epoch in registered cattle lor
eastern Oregon.
today with every indication of success.
State headquarters officially credits
Teton county with being the first to
report It had raised its entire quota or
$60,000. Payette and Oneida counties
followed. The 111,000,000 quota as
signed to the state is assured. The bulk
of it win be raised today, "Volunteer
Teton county reported to state head
quarters at 10:30 o'clock this morning
by long distance that its quota had
been raised voluntarily. At 11:15
headquarters at Malad in Oneida county
telegraphed It had "finished its job'
and raised its quota of $90,000.
91st to the 31st division in December,
1917, and were sent across as replace
ment troops. They fought in the Toul
sector, at Chateau-Thierry, Verdun and
St. MihieL Top Sergeant Joseph Un
derwood. Portland, arrived at camp to
day with four officers and 76 men, the
advance guard of the 364th infantry,
91st division.
llllllln '
IT? 74 ' "r 4
' s. - S ' r, Underwood 4 f 'B
- ' ' " y UndtrwoodAYj T
Leadville Miners Out on Strike Pro
pose Wage Compromise.
r,EADVTLX,E, Colo., April 21. Lead
ville business men tonight induced
representatives of mining operators
whose mines were closed yesterday by
the strike of 1000 miners, to meet to
night with a committee, of the newly
organized miners' union to consider
plans for a settlement of the wage
dispute which caused the walkout.
The miners, it is understood, will
make a proposal to accept a S4 wage
scale in place of the old 94.50 wage
scale which the operators rejected last
week. The operators' offer of 93.75 was
Virtually every mine in the district
Is affected by the -strike.
Crockett Rlddcll, Tacoma, Gets $95
Clerkship; Fight Is On.
TACOMA, Wash.. April 21. (Special.)
I That a special position has been
created by Commissioner Ira Davisson
of the Light and Water department to
I give employment to Crockett Riddell,
I son of Mayor Riddell, is charged by
employes in the city hall coming under
I the civil service.
Young Riddell went to work today as
bill collector for the water depart
ment with a rating of second grade
I clerk, according to Davisson. This po-
I sition payB 995 a month.
The position in itselr is specially
I created, city hall employes claim and
I will be fought vigorously by employes.
Original Cost Is $2,000,000 and Re
ceiver's Sale Brings $400,000.
SPOKANE, April 21. The plant of
the Spokane Heat, Light & Power com
pany here, built in 1915 at a cost of
92,000,000, was sold at receiver's sale
here today for 9400.000. F. C. Paine.
local banker representing eastern in
terests, purchased the electrical equip
ment for 9140,000, and E. P. Twohy, an
attorney, bought the remainder of the
property for 9250,000. The buyers de
clined to divulge the identity of their
Bonds to the amount of 91.500,000 and
preferred stock amounting to 9700,000
were sold by the company, almost en
tirely in the east. v
Man Caught in Arkansas Accused of
Many Thefts.
DALLAS. Texas, April 21. A man
known as T. J. Farnum, or J. T. Mur
ray, arrested at Texarkana, Ark., yes
terday, on charges of having swindled
Houston, Texas, banks of 911.000, is
accused of participation in a spectacu
lar theft of gold from the steamer
Humboldt, southbound from Alaska, in
1910, according to the private detective
agency which caused his arrest.
The detectives also accuse him or
swindling banks in Denver, Col., and
Tacoma, Wash., out of 932,000, and
banks in Atlanta, Ga., out of 915,000.
Berkeley Man- Winner in Twelfth
Reserve District Contest.
SAN FRANCISCO," April 21. E. S.
Brown, Berkeley, was adjudged the
winner today in the victory liberty loan
slogan contest In the twelfth federal
reserve district. "You bought bonds for
war; now buy them for peace," was
the winning contribution.
Other slogan prizes went to Mrs.
M. A. Collier, San Francisco; Mrs. J. D.
Anderson, Ferndale, Wash.; Fred Emer
son Brooks, Berkeley; Dr. A. W.
Korinek, Portland, Or.
Airplane, Attempting Tail Spin,
Buries Itself in Bog.
WANTAGH, N. Y.. April 21. Private
Otto W. Meyer, a student aviator at
tached to the 357th aero squadron.
whose home is in California, was killed
odav and Sergeant Q. O. Burnett, a
Kentuckian, was seriously injured when
an airplace in which they were at
tempting a tall spin over Lufberry
field, fell 200 feet, burying itself in
Is Universal
The next time you get into a
crowd of thousands of people, con
sider that 95 of all those men,
women and children probably have
' 'Acid-Mouth, ' ' very likely includ
ing yourself. For it is estimated that
only 1 in 20 escapes ' 'Acid-Mouth, ' '
and it is believed to be the chief
cause of toothache and tooth decay.
Pebeco Tooth Paste both coun
teracts and helps to prevent "Acid
Mouth." It does so by stimulat
ing the abundant, normal flow of
saliva, which is alkaline and there
fore the most natural and effective
means of neutralizing unfavorable
mouth acids.
The scientific ingredients of
Pebeco certainly tend to keep your
whole mouth teeth, gums, and all
in excellent order.
Sold by druggists everywhere
ft oca stan u oua bqwqTI
Counteracts ' 'Acid-Mouth ' '
Buy W. S. S.
This Is the first photograph taken of President Wilson's grandson and name
sake. Wood row Wilson Sayre, who was born to Mrs. Francis B. Sayre, the young
est daughter of the president. The little lad was born in the Jefferson hospital,
Philadelphia. President Wilson paid his little grandson a visit last Tuesday,
when be made a special stop at Philadelphia en route to New York prior to
board! nr the George Washington Wednesday for France. Our photo shows little
Wood row and his nurse. Miss Ruth Swisher, who proudly says that a sweeter
and better-behaved baby was never born. Baby Sayre has a room of his own
seat to the one ia which hi toother is resting Quietly and doins well.
I Commander in Pacific Fleet Goes to
IN'aral War College, . "
WASHINGTON. April 21. Rear Ad
miral Clarence S. Williams has been de-
tached from command of division No.
1 1 of the Pacific fleet and ordered to the
I naval war college at Newport, R. I., as
chief of staff.
Naval orders published today also
show that Captain Herbert G. Sparrow
has been detached from the cruiser
Chicago and assigned to duty at the
war college.
Seattle Boilermakers' Union Gives
Voice to Xew Demands.
SEATTLE, Wash.. April 21. (Spe
cial.) Turning down the recent pro
posed agreement submitted by ship
yard employers to delegates from Se
attle unions at Washington, D. C, the
boilermakers' union, local 104, also
voted unanimously this morning to at
once begin agitating for a six-hour
day In the shipyards.
The members of .the union met at
Willys Overland Company Employed
Benefit From 50-50 Plan.
TOLEDO, O., April 21. More than
,000 Willys-Overland company em
ployes today received J400.000 in checks
in the company's first distribution of
the profits under thef 50-50 profit-
sharing plan announced last January.
State Hospital Workers Subscribe.
TACOMA. Wash., April 21. Aa-
ouncement this mornine- that the vic
tory loan quota for Fort Seilacoom dis
trict, adjoining Tacoma, would be $11,
000 was answered this afternoon from
the western Washington hospital for
the insane. The institution reported
that 100 out of ISO employes had so far
been seen, with subscriptions resulting
mountine to $13,000. The aggregate
monthly payroll of the 130 men is $7000.
Admiral Benson Honored.
WASHINGTON, April 21. Admiral
William S. Benson, chief of naval
operations, has been awarded the navy
distinguished service medal by direc
tion of President Wilson. Admiral
Benson is now at Paris and presenta
tion of the medal probably will not be
made until his return to the United
Escaped Convicts Caught.
BOISE. Idaho, April 21. (Special.)
Earl Haines and Albert Brink, who es
caped from the Idaho penitentiary on
the afternoon of April 11, are now In
the county jail at Vale. They were
captured Sunday evening when they
put in an appearance at a sheep camp
a few miles from the Malheur county
Money" to Be Used in Purchase of
Food Will Be in Amounts of
1 Shilling and 10 Shillings.
LIMERICK, Ireland, April 21. (By
the Associated Press.) The general
strike here incident to the proclama
tion of Limerick as a military area, as
umed a new and interesting phase to
day when the finance commission of the
Limerick trades and labor council an-
ounced that it was preparing to issue
ts own money in the form of one-shil
ling and ten-shilling notes which would
be used in the purchase of food for the
14,000 strikers. The money is called
"strike treasury notes" and is secured
by the stock of food which it is pro
posed to purchase with the financial
gifts reaching Limerick from other
parts of Ireland and by the "integrity
of the workers of Limerick."
The notes are printed in different
colors to show their denomination. They
are inscribed as follows:
"General strike against British mili
tarism, April, 1919. The Limerick trades
and labor council promise to pay bearer
ten shillings. (Signed) limerick trades
and labor council, Chairman,
Great Demonstration Staged by Citi
zens Confident of Success.
ASHLAND, Or., April 21. (Special.)
The victory liberty loan drive opened
in Ashland with a great burst of en
thusiasm. The largest demonstration
ever given in Ashland was staged in
the downtown strets in the form of a
parade, in which the school children,
returned soldiers. Red Cross and can
teen workers and practically all the
motoring population of the city par
ticipated. Stirring addresses were glvea
by Rev. C. F. Koehler, Lieutenant Don
ald M. Spencer, Lieutenant William M.
Briggs, Heston Jones and other Ash
land boys who have been overseas.
As announced by A. Winter, chair
man, the quota of Ashland is $75,000
and no doubt is entertained of success.
Hotary Auxiliary Formed.
TACOMA, Wash., April 21. More than
100 wome.i, wives of members of the
Tacoma Rotary club, today formed an
organization to be known as the Rotary
club auxiliary. It will have for its pur
pose, they state, the same object as that
of the notary duo.
rj0 f 'Aih ' 2
s S r t - - f yir 'J -
Representative Johnson Delegate,
SHELTON. Wash., "April 2lJ Repre
sentative Johnson of Hoquiam, Wash
announced here today that he intends
to be in St. Louis May 8 In attendance
at a national convention of veterans of
the great war. Representative Jonnson
has credentials from two soldiers' or
ganizations of southwestern Washington.
Train Porters Alleged Bootleggers.
SPOKANE. ADril 21. M. Mannie and
John Li Randolph, porters on the Mil
waukee railroad, were arrested here to
day and charged with bootlegging. The
police allege they have been selling
liquor to passengers on trains.
WASHINGTON, April 21. Under a
ruling of Major-General Menoher, di
rector of the American army air serv
ice, announced today, army tilers and
planes cannot compete in exhibitions
for purses and individual prizes.
Dry slabwooa ana msiae wood, greea
stamps, for cash. Holman Fuel Go
Mala $53, A 5363. Adv.
The Spring Rains Bring Grippe
Thissort of weather brings-cokteand grippe. If it's just
a common, cold people say, "there's no danger in that ! "
But many a fatal sickness begins with a cold with vital
ity weakened the system is ready for the Influenza
germs. Begin early to ward off the attack. Purge the
system of the toxins (poisons) by taking castor oil, or a
vegetable laxative made of Mayapple, leaves of aloe, and
jalap, rolled into sugar-coated pills and to be had at all
drug stores as Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets. 4
If the cold starts with a cough, and it persists then
some local treatment for this condition should be taken. A
well known alterative extract which has been on the market
for a great many years, and which has been highly recom
mended by thousands of users, is Dr. Pierce's Golden Medi
cal Discovery. This tonic compound is composed of an
extract of roots and herbs without alcohol, and has a
soothing effect upon the mucous membrane, allays the
irritation and at the same time works in the proper and
reasonable way, at the seat of the trouble the stagnated
or poisoned blood. "
When troubled with indigestion or
sour stomach take a few doses of Cham
berlain's Tablets. They will invigorate
your stomach, improve your digestion.
Try it and see how much better you will
feel after a few days treatment. These
Tablets only cost 25 cents per bottle.