Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, April 16, 1919, Image 1

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    VOL. IjVIII. NO. 18,220.
Entered at Portland Oron
Post office as Srond-Clasa Matter.
President Probably Will
Bring Treaty to U. S.
Boches Expected to Arrive for
. Conference April 24.
Meetings Expected to Continue for
10 or 13 Days Treaty Will Be
Signed in Famous Hall of Mirrors,
PARIS. April 15. (By the Associated
Press.) Now that the Germans have
been called to Versailles on April
the indications are that the proceedings
mar move with such dispatch that
President Wilson can remain for the
signing of the treaty and thus be able
to take back the completed document.
This was the view of the president's
Intimates today when their attention
was called to the reports In French
papers that his departure had been
fixed for April SI. It was declared
that no such intention had been formed
and that the progress on the main
questions now save promise that the
president would not only attend the
opening of the congress at Versailles,
but would remain Inns; enough to see
Its work carried through. Prolonged
delay, by enemy delegates would, of
course, prevent such action.
Plftriaat Is Plaaaed.
Precise details of what Is to be done
on the arrival of the German delegates
are being; worked out. Preliminary to
their arrival, a plenary session of the
peace conference Is to be held at the
foreign office for determination of the
final course to be pursued by the
allies before entering into relations
with the German plenipotentiaries.
Whether the treaty and covenant
will both be presented has not yet
been decided, but It is probable that
the treaty portion of the document will
not be made public until after Its dc
lrvery to the Germ and.
The procedure with the enemy pleni
potentiaries also Is receiving atten
tion. One plan under consideration is
for the council of four to hold the
first meeting with the Germans and
deliver the document. This would not
be a public session and its main pur
pose would be to arrange effective dis
posal of the business without pro
longed discussion.
Hopeful Views Expressed.
An alternative plan is for the entire
membership of the peace conference
to proceed to Versailles for a formal
session, at which the treaty would be
delivered. President Wilson, K. M.
House, the members of the council and
officers of the protocol are working
out these details.
rrcmlcr Clemcnceau on Sunday and
President Wilson last night gave out
statements showing Ihe progress real
ized and voicing their first official us
ttranct that the end was in sight. It
is noted that the Clemcnceau and Wil
son statements were very general, lack
ing specific details.
And there is every reason to believe
that the statement which the British
prime minister. Mr. Lloyd George, Is
expected to give out tomorrow, will be
of the same general character.
Adriatic Question 5tndlrd.
The council of four of the peace con
ference ViDt into session again this
morning with the question of the Adri
atic again before it for consideration
Arthur J. Uaifour, British secretary
for foreign affairs, took the place at
the council in place of Trcmicr Lloyd
George, who went to London ester
The supreme economic council has
decided that P-clgium may be repre
sented thereon, in view of the many
question J affecting that country.
The council has received the report
of the director-general of relief meas
ures effected by the United States,
showing that Ssl.OVO tons of supplies
to the aluc of $ 1 1 l.:S0.ll'0 have been
distributed. The council considered
measures to increase supplies and ship
ping during the current months.
The serious deficiency in coal in
Italy today led the council to appoint
a committee to devise means for an
Immediate Increase of lh supply.
The supreme economic council is
considering the question of permitting
Germany to have certain raw materials
before the peace treaty becomes cf
fectlvr. with a revision of the blockade
reculuttcns to that extent, and it is
understood the prospects are good fur
favorable action.
formal latltativa laaard.
A formal invitation was sent by the
council or four today to the German
government to send representatives to
Versailles for the meeting of the peace
congress April 25. No reply had been
received up to tonight, but it is ex
pected the German delegation will
reach Versailles about April St. The
complete German peace mission prob
ably will number about SOU.
The German delegates to the peace
confereuce while at Veraille will re
side in a wing of the Hotel des Reser
voirs, adjoining the prefecture of police,
according to arrangements announced
today by Taul Dutasta. general secre
tary of the peace conference. French
delegates or members of their staffs
will eccupy the rest of the hotel.
Moot of the French delegates and the
delegates from the other countries
Japan Now Practically Master
North China, Potentially of More,
Declares London Newspaper.
(Copyright by the New Tork World. Pub
HSQea OJ A rranieinen 1. 1
LONDON, y.pril IS. (Special cable
The seizure of Shantung by the Jap
anese forma the text of a very vigor
ous editorial in the Daily News, which
points out that the future not only
the far east but of the whole world is
at stake.
Today." says the Daily News, "Ja
pan is practically roaster of northern
China and potentially of much more.
Unless the peace conference can right
this coloss. 1 wrong, t Chinese will
fall like ripe fruit into th hands of
the Japanese to be exploited and mili
tarized by that engaging people.
"Is this thing to happen? If it does
it needs no great effort of Imagination
to see to what goal it leads. It will
mean the closi r f vast resources
and inexhaust".!e markets of the far
east to the European and American
"China belongs to the Chinese. Japan
has no more rl "it in Shantung than we
have. She must go. If self-determination
has any sanctity at all and the
peace conference has any authority at
all, this matter must be settled with
uncompromising resolution. China de
mands the evacuation of Shantung and
abrogation of the SI points (in China's
treaty with Japan). This is China's
mt-ii.num demand and its concession is
the duty of the conference. Failure
here would : :aa failure in every
More Than 275,000 Oversea Men to
Return During April.
PAr.IS, April 15. (By the Associated
Press.) Americ-n troops to the num
ber of ST 5.000 are returning to the
United States from Europe this month,
Newton D. Baker, secretary of war,
said today on his arrival in Paris from
Brest. In May, he added, the number
will fall to 250,000 because of lack of
transports, but In June the number
probably will rise to 300.000, which will
ha maintained as the mommy - rate
until all of the 1,400.000 men still here
are returned.
The secretary said that If ny agree
ment chould be reached by wnicn
American troops would participate in
the defense of the Rhine indefinitely,
undoubtedly the only eoldlers used
would be thoso w ho volunteered for
such service.
Pupils llcturn to School Following
HOQUIAM, Wash., April 15. A walk
out of about 50 pupils of the Hoquiam
high school, more than half of whom
were, girls, ended at 1 o'clock after
lasting three hours. It was caused
by refusal of the school authorities to
grant the customary aster holiday of
The mayor, chief of police and truant
officer responded to a police call and
offset opposition aroused among the
students. The Insurrectionists were
given the alternative of riturnl.ig im
mediately or being suspcndcl until
September 1, with loss of credits. They
elected to return.
Northern Montana Swept by Storm
of Hurricane Velocity.
GREAT FALLS. Mont.. April 15. Re
ports coming from all sections of
northern Montana regarding the heavy
windstorm of Thursday night and Fri
day are to the effect that the damage
n ill run into an uncstimatcd amount
through winter wheat being swept out
of the ground, as well as spring wheat
where sown. The wind was almost a
hurricane and the dry condition of tho
cultivated soil aided in making the de
struction possible, it is declared.
In m.-ny sections the dust lies in
drifts three and four feet deep, canals
are filled, fences covered and tome
fields badly stripped of soil.
Machinery Provided for Enforcing
Prohibition In California.
SACRAMENTO.' CaU April li. Gov
ernor W. D. Stephens today signed the
Karris prohibition enforcement bill
providing machinery for enforcing In
California of national prohibition and
defining as intoxicating any beverage
containing more than one-half of 1 per
cent of alcohol.
Circulation of petitions asking for a
referendum vote on the passage of the
Harris bill and the action of the leg
islature in ratifying the national pro
hibition amendment will begin In Cali
fornia April 26. Assemblyman Bismarck
Bruck announced today.
Aberdeen Woman Locales Mother
.After It Years Separation.
ROSBBURG. Or.. April 15. (Special.)
Mrs. Eva Mason Bell of Aberdeen.
Wash., who was separated from her
mother many years ago. wrote to Sher-
ff George Quine asking if he could
locate her mother, who she said might
be living in Douglas county. The let
ter was printed in a Roseburg news
paper, and this afternoon Mrs. Thomas
Alexander, living a few miles south of
Roseburg. va located.
Mother and daughter were separated
It years ago when the latter was a
- V
Huge War Supply ,dden
in Readiness '.Use.
Czedio-Slovak Delegates Ad
vise Allies to Beware.
Germans From Universities Said to
Be Flocking and Prepara
tions Are Elaborate.
(Copyright by the New Tork World. Pub-
ilsnea by Arrangement
PARIS. April 15. (Special cable.)
The new Czecho-SIovak delegates who
have Just arrived in Paris to lay be
fore 'the conference tho claims and
aspirations of their nationals living in
eastern German, and particularly In
Silesia, bring also information of a
startling and serious nature which
they have communicated to the French
ministry of war.
They assert that Germany is secretly
building up a new army, making new
munitions, creating hidden artillery
and aviation depots and manufacturing
new railroad materials. -
Preparations Are Concealed.
The members of the delegation de
clare they have proof of their asser
tions. They say the Germans, prepara
tions escape the notice of the allied
missions of control because such mis
sions usually make the big German
towns their headquarters, while Ger
many's secret preparations are being
conducted in far-away and unfre
quented villages.
Bruda, who is the head of the new
delegation, has lived in such villages.
He tells how barns and other build
ings on the country estates of the
junkers are turned over to the German
military chiefs. To the allied eye all
the German barracks are empty and
all the artillery parks have teen
cleared, but the farms and barns are
full of husky German soldiers and
drills of a military nature are held in
In the suburbs of Zittau. Saxony,
alone there arc concealed 30 batteries
of artillery and like-quantities are hid
den even in Prussia and in Branden-
burg at Frankfort on the Oder.
Vm Htndenhurjr In CommaBd.
Recruiting for this new army is
under the command of the old army
chiefs, especially of Von Hindcnburg,
and it goes on unceasingly and un
hampered. Not a day passes but lhat
some 500 young Germans Join the
ranks with pay of six marks a day and
tConcludd on Page 2. Column 2.)
- . . - - . T
' - ' HOW DWY V ? I
,. -, 1 .....u
International Situation.
(By the Associated Press.)
A SHARP forward stride toward an
early pace has been taken. The
council of four in Paris has formally
invited Germany to send delegates to
Versailles, April 25, there to hear th
verdict of the entente allies and as
sociated powers and the sentence they
have imposed upon her for having set
the world aflame.
The general opinion in Paris seems
to be that Germany may endeavor to
haggle over the hard terms and try to
secure a diminution in their severity.
But that within a relatively short time
the delegates will bow to the inevitable
and sign the compact. Advices from
London are to the effect that the terms
of the peace treaty will not be made
public until they have been delivered
to the Germans.
The expectation In the French capital
is that President Wilson, will remain
in - Fran until the Deace treaty is
signed and bring back the completed
document to the United States.
The Adriatic situation as it affects
Italy and Jugo-Slavia Is now the chief
point under consideration by the coun
ell of four. Arthur J. Balfour, the
British foreign minister, is acting as
alternate on tho council for David
Lloyd George, who is on a vacation in
Pending the conclusion of the peace
agreement Germany is to be permitted
by the allied governments to purchase
surplus stocks of their raw materials.
This has been decided on by the eco
nomic council. The decision will per
mit Germany to commence manufactur
ing and begin the accumulation of the
money that is to be required of her to
settle the financial claims of the allies.
The reparations commission is inves
tigating tho financial situation of Aus.
tria-Hungary, Bulgaria and Turkey and
their ability to pay war claims.
Troubles continuo in Bavaria. The
communists in Munich again hold the
upper hand, according to reports. There
has been further fighting in the streets
of tho city. Reinforced loyal troops
of the Hoffmann government used ar
tillery against the communist strong
hold, but are declared to have been
defeated. Many persons are reported
to have been killed or wounded.
The strike in Danzig which has been
In progress for several days has ended.
The strike of the bank clerks in Ber
lin, however, is in full swing, and the
clerks in Mannheim and Chemnitz
have joined in a similar movement.
Considerable fighting has taken
place on the Russian fronts. The bol
sheviki havo suffered severe defeats
on the Arcnangel and Murmansk coast
sectors at the hands of the allies, but
in the south the Roumanians have been
compelled by the bolsheviki to retreat
over a wida front into Bessarabia.
Petlura, leader of the Ukrainian peas
ant army, also has been forced to cede
ground to the bolsheviki.
Secretary of War Baker, who has
arrived in Paris, in a statement tells
of the plans that are afoot for the
rapid repatriation of the American sol
diers in Europe. During the present
month 275,000 of them will come home
and in May 250,000 more. In June it
is expected to transport 300,000 men,
and this number is -to be maintained
Cuban Congress Head Named.
HAVANA. April 14. Dr. Santiago
Verdejay Neyra, conservative, was to
day elected to the presidency of the
ninth Cuban congress.
City Completely in Hands
of Red Contingent.
Government Is Hurrying Rein
forcements to Capital.
Communization of Women, Inclnd
ing Wives, Decreed System to
Take In All Classes.
BERLIN, via Copenhagen, April 15.
The battle in' Munich for the central
railway station ended in the complete
defeat of the government troops, ac
cording to Nuremburg advices.
BERLIN, via Copenhagen, April 15.
Munich again is completely in the hands
of the communists, according to th
Tageblatt, but troops loyal to the gov
ernment have received reinforcements
and are using artillery against the com
munist strongholds.
The communist force in Munich, th
newspaper adds, consists of parts of
the garrison,' red guards and unem
ployed. The government forces are de
clared to be having a hard battle with
. The government has declined to en
force a food blockade against Munich
owing to the distress it would cause in
the city.
BERLIN, Monday, April 14. (By the
Associated Press.) The communist
government in Munich, apparently real
izing that its days were numbered, is
sued on Saturday a long list of orders
more radical than its previous decrees.
One order provided for the communi
zation of women, - "including wivea."
Another order displaced all managers
and . directors of industrial establish
ments and gave their places to work
Reports from Munich say there is
much talk there of the advisability of
moving the communist government
from Munich to Ansbach.
BERLIN, Monday. April 14. (By the
Associated Press.) In spite of adverse
votes by the independent socialists, the
soviet congress today adopted the reso
lution sponsored by the majority so
cialists for 'the incorporation -of every
ounce of national economic energy into
nation-wide soviet system, which
will culminate in a national workers'
chamber, representative of all crafts,
arts, professions and industries.
The owners and workers In all
branches of production are to be organ
ized, artists, journalists, preachers and
physicians, as well as the manual work
ers of each profession being expected to
appoint local representatives for terri
torial councils.
0 TS
Guests Rush at Offender and Ope
Man Smashes Disturber in Face.
Identity Is Not Announced.
NEW TORK, April 15. A sensational
incident marked tlie closS of an address
of United States Senator George E.
Chamberlain at a dinner of the Sphinx
club at tho Waldorf Astoria tonight.
His peroration was a poem, "The Amer
ican Flag." As the Oregon senator re
cited the closing lines one of the dihers
in the rear of the grand ballroom half
ree in his seat and shouted:
"To hell with the American flag!"
Diners from several other tables
started toward the man who had de
nounced the flag, but Edward M.
Mitchell, vice-president of the Texas &
Oklahoma Oil company, was the first to
reach him. Mr. Mitchell landed a clean
blow on the chin of the disturber and
knocked him down.
Several friends seated with the man
attempted to interfere and there was
a lively scrimmage in which Mr.
Mitchell himself was struck in the face.
The disturber was rushed out a side
door. Robert S. Scarborough, treas
urer of the club, immediately began an
investigation to determine the man's
Several members of the club, which
is composed of advertising men,
searched the hotel lobby and bar-room
for the disturber, but learned he had
been spirited away in a taxicab.
Senator Chamberlain, who is chair
man of the committee on military af
fairs, declared the victory of America
and the allies was the result of or
ganization of man power and of in
dustrial power. We did not realize at
first, he said, just how big the task
was to be. He asserted that even the
president had contemplated a volunteer
army of 400,000. He characterized the
selective service law as the greatest
piece of democratic legislation ever
Alsace and Lorraine Would End AH
Political Strife.
BERNE, April 15. (French wireless
service.) If a referendum was to be
held today in Alsace and Lorraine an
immense majority would favor joining
France, declared E. Bernstein, the old
German social democrat leader and
member of the German peace delega
tion. In an article in the Neues Wiener
Journal of Vienna.
Alsace-Lorraine, he adds, could not
be an autonomous state because it
would then be the scene of endless po
litical and economic intrigue.
3 INSURE F0R $2,500,000
Nine Companies Share in Policies of
Coast Capitalists.
SAN FRANCISCO. April 15. Three
Pacific coast capitalists today insured
their lives for a total of $2,500,000.
They are Colonel C. D. Jack! ing, San
Francisco mining magnate, . who in
sured for $500,000; D. M. Linnard, Cali
fornia hotel man, $1,000,000. and
Charles Virden, head of the California
fruit distributors, $1,000,000.
Nino companies shared in the poli
cies, none writing more than $200,000
on ohe life.
16,000 Marine Workers in New
York May Go Out.
NEW YORK, April 15. The marine
workers' affiliation declared tonight a
renewal of the general harbor strike
which will involve 16,000 workers.
The new walkout will go into effect
at 6 o'clock A. M. Thursday, and efforts
will be made to tie up "everything
afloat," including ferryboats, coastwise
and trans-Atlantic shipping.
' The Weather.
TESTERDAT'S Maximum temperature, 04
degrees; minimum, 4- degrees.
TODAY'S Rain; moderate easterly winds.
World menace seen In Japanese aggression
in Orient. Page 1.
Wilson to stay fri P'rance until Huns sign
treaty. Page J:
Munich again completely in hands of com
munists. Page 1.
Bad weather again delays Atlantic flight.
Page .
First fight marked by spirit of west. Page 5.
David Lloyd George to reply to critics.
Page 30.
Germans form new army in secret. Page 1.
Red garrison wiped out by loyal Russian
force. Page 1.
Transports coming with large troop con
tingents. Page 2.
Building of national labor programme is
proposed. - Page G.
Pacific Northwest.
Land settlement commission ready to re
ceive applications. Page v.
Seven men questioned in Seattle liquor case.
Page 8.
Diner curses flag at banquet. Page 1.
Ambassador Ishli to returs to Japan. Page 3.
efferson defeats HIM military academy, 11
to 4. Page IB.
Three new stars are on card of tonight's
smoker. Page 17.
Coast league results: Portland 6. Salt Lake
7 do innings); Seattle a. Sacramento b;
San Francisco 2, Oakland 5; Los Angeles
ti. Vernon o (12 innings). Page ltf.
Commercial and Marine.
Eastern brewers again in market for Oregon
hops. Page liJ.
Advance in corn starts realizing by holders.
Page 23.
Progress on peace treaty stimulates stock
market. Pago
Elevator expert impressed by Portland's
terminal project. Page 18.
Portland and Vicinity.
Fifteen Oregon counties pledge "over the
top Monday. Page 1.
Highway contracts for 149 miles of Im
provement to be awarded toaay. page 24.
Veterans asked to Join loan campaign.
Page IS.
Portland's unemployed decreased to 2000.
Page 11.
Civil service employes to organize. Page 15.
Third of State's Quota is
Already Promised.
1000 War Workers and Guests
to Hold Conferences.
Interest Centers in Spectacular Bat
tic to Be Staged by Air.
planes Over Portland.
There are omens in plenty of speedy
success for the outer-state districts, at
least, in the victory loan drive which
opens next Monday morning, and in
which has been allotted to Oregon the
task of floating $26,747,550 of the new
war payment bonds. To be precise,
there are 15 such happy auguries, and
each one of them is a county of tho
state that thus far has never failed to
give answer..
Fifteen Oregon counties, through
messages signed by their county chair
men, directed to John L. Etheridge,
state director of organization, have
given their unmodified pledges to re
port their respective quotas In full at
9 o'clock on the morning of April 21, '
the hour and the minute when the fifth
loan is launched. The pledges are
made by responsible 'oan leaders, thor
oughly in touoh with local finance r.nd
the spirit of their communities.
"It's a cinch!" is the chorus of the
first 15 chairmen.
One-Third of State Pledged.
The counties pledged for the opening
hour, whose aggregate subscriptions
will amount to $3,464,550, or practically
one-third of the entire outer-stats
quota of $11,961,225, are as follows,
with their respective county quotas
Clackamas ' $400.950.. Coos $471,625,
Deschutes $173,475, Gilliam $168,850.
Grant $97,875. Hood River $200,250.
Jefferson $35,100, Lake $136,875, Morrow
$212,175, Sherman $118,350, Tillamook
$173,700, Union $344,025 Wasco $417,600,
Washington $404,775, Wheeler $58,725.
Organization in other counties is said
to reach similar proportions with pos
sibly one exception.
As for Portland, with its selected
staff of downtown sure-shot salesmen,
with the financial and business dis
tricts, marked into zones and approxi
mate quotas assigned. Chairman Emery
Olmstead and his aides are determined
to give the outer-state counties a mem
orable race for the coin of patriotism.
H. B. Van Duzer, city sales director.
with Charles V: Berg as assistant di
rector, will charge of the down
town field work, while Julius L. Meier
is second in executive command to Mr.
inno War Workers to Meet.
For tho initial whirl of tho victory
drive In Portland, one of tho most
notable patriotic gatherings ever held
ill the city will mark the opening of
the drive next Monday, when tho Ore
gon metropolis reaches out for its:
quota of $14,786,325.
The Inauguration of the city cam
paign will receive its momentum at an
elaborate banquet and general confer
ence, to be held in the auditorium at
6:30 Monday night, with Invitations
limited to 1000 war workers and guests
tho full dining capacity of tho
city's huge playhouse.
T,ocal headquarters has received word
that the 18 celebrated aviators,, at
tached to the flying circus, who will
maneuver their war planes over tho
city on Monday, may be counted upon
as guests of honor at the initial ban
quet and will be available as speakers
with genuine messages. The 'visiting
aviators, who are touring the country
in exhibition flights for the victory
loan, are veterans all, with long lists
of vanquished German airmen to their
Colonel Shaw to Speak. .
Lieutenant - Colonel William Shaw,
chief of the gallant Lafayette csca
drille, who leads the party, will be on
the programme, as will several of his
fellow aces. '
Reservations for the banquet may be
made at victory loan headquarters, be
ginning this morning. Arrangements
for the tremendous dinner spectacle
will be in charge of the Portland ca
terers' association, under the personal
direction of Harry W. Kent, secretary,
while the speaking and musical pro
gramme will be arranged by the special
'features and the speakers' bureaus of
the victory drive.
The publicity department is telegraph
ing constantly to San Francisco to ob
tain additional speakers of national
prominence. -Spectacular features of
strongly patriotic tenor, will be in
terspersed throughout the banquet. At
the same time the final business ar
rangements for setting the local drive
in motion will be consummated.
Aviators to Fly on Monday,
Local interest is keen In the coming
visit of the flying aviation circus.
Swooping and wheeling over the city
on the opening day of the victory cam
paign, next Monday, the men who dared
and defeated death and the Hun in tho
mid-air of France will scatter showers
of victory loan literature, as reminders
that an American city must answer its
obligations as cheerfully as did certain
young airmen.
The flying circus comprises 18 dis
tinguished American aviators. Their
exhibition will be something that thou
sands of Portland people have longed
to witness that rare combination of
skill and daring that drove the Prus
sian battle planes crashing to earth.
There are 18 machines of varying types
(Concluded on rage 10, Column 2.),
4uuwuilkvL ca l'a Cotuuia .)
litUe SirU