Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 18, 1919, Page 9, Image 9

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    TIIE MORXIXG OREGONIAX, TUESDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1919.
9
LEAGUE OF NATIONS
Men of Narrow Minds and of
Short-Sighted Vision Target.
PEACE LEAGUE NECESSITY
Jr. Henry Van Djkc Sajs Organ. za
lion of Nation Is as Closely Be
lated ms Good Roads to An to?.
Not alone was the proposed league
of nations, as outlined in the covenant
read at the peace inference last Fri
day in Paris by president Wilson. Riven
the unqualified Indorsement of noted
men and women who spoke yesterday
at the Northwestern conference of the
I--a true to Knforce Peace at the au
ditorium, but arguments which have
ben advanced against the league were
declared to come from men of narrow
minds and shortsighted vision.
Indorsement of the league of nations
came from William Howard Taft. pres
ident of the League to Knforce Peace,
from Dr. Henry Van Dyke, former min
ister from the United States to The
Netherlands; was given by Henry Mor
genthau, who as former ambassador to
Turkey, gaed upon devastated Arme
nia: came from Edward A. Kilene. lead
ing bufin? man of the t'nited States,
from Mrs. PhiHp North Moore, who as
l-reMdent of Ihe American council of
women, represents the largest womens1
organiation in the I'nited States, and
from one of the most noted of experts
cm international law. Dr. George Graf
ton Wilson, professor of Internationa
law at Harvard university and a mem
ber of tho L'ntted States Naval War
college.
Any doubt as to the necessity for a
league of nations, which might have
existed in the minds of any of the thou
ands of persons who attended the ses
sions yesterday, must have surely been
dispelled, for every phase of the famous
covenant read for the first time only
a few days ago was discussed and ex
plained thoroughly.
League Held Neeeary.
The league of nations is as closely
related to the winning of the war, ac
cording to Lr Van Dyke as are good
roads to automobiles. V.'ithout the
league, much of the fruits of victory
will have been lost, he said.
"It seems to me." he paid, "that the
main interest of our country in this
war has been to fight for peace on
earth; and the greatest benefit America
can gain from the ending of this war
will bea league of free nations pledged
to prevent, if possible, the occurrence
of another war like it.
"If such'a strong and open league had
existed In 1914 I doubt whether even
the madness of imperial Germany would
have dared to defy the certain fate
which now, after four years of blood
and anguish, has crushed her power
and broken her empire to pieces.
Way America Katererf War.
America entered the war for two
purposes first, to bring the German
empire to terms, and. second, to end
the war. The first purpose has been
accomplished. Germany came to terms,
dictated by four gentlemen named
Foch. Haig. Din and Pershing. There
are some blood-thirsty civilians among
us who are dissatisfied, because they
fray it was not a military victory. They
would have sacrificed hundreds of
thousands of American boys for the
toke of a triumphal entry into the ugly
city of Berlin. Hut the hearts of Amer
ican fathers and mothers are not dis
satisfied. They invoke blessing on the
man whose skill opened the door of this
swift victory Woodrow Wilson.
"The second American interest is to
'end the war' against us and against
all nations. It is not yet ended. It will
not be ended, it will only be Interrupt
ed, postponed, unless we can pet a
league of nations to maintain peace.
That is the chief American interest
which we must secure. America wants
fio rono,ucsts or no rewards."
Germany may share the benefits of a
league f nations, opined Ir. Van Dyke,
but admittance into the league must ,
not be granted to Germany or her allies '
until proof has len shown of her re -
prntance. full reparation has brengiven
and the principal criminals responsible
for tho world war have been brought
t trial.
W ontea'a let point C.lvea.
Women of the I'nlted States accepted
the responsibilities which came upon
the entry of the I'nited States into the
war. save glad ly t he spns f the na
tion to join the allies and fight so that
thf world might enjoy peace and today
demand the league of nations as assur
ance that no similar catastrophy will
befall the world, according to Mrs.
I'htlip North Moore, ti ho presented the
it-ws of Amrrwan women In connec
tion m ith the league to enforce peace.
It is expedient that some plan should
be formed for the purpose of maintain
ing rirht and peace, which, accord! ng
to the history now being written, must
be international. " ulic said. "The world,
niu.-t be able to attend lo its business
in peace. We must build up. construct,
till the ground, cultivate and enrich.
and dismiss the burden, terror and
w asfe of war.
"The purposes of the United Slates in
this war are known to the world; they
! not need to be stated again. The in
tolerable wrongs ought to be repaired
but enduring peace must be based
upon justice, fairness and the common
riuhts of mankind.
' T-croeotlo'iM resnonsibilit v was
placed upon the women of the United
States at the beginning of the war.
The thing we needed was inspiration;
our obligation was as great as if the
war were on our own borders. When
this obligation and inspiration were
brought a ho ii r u-nmn Hid a much as
j men to bring conditions to the people.
i tie resources of the country are more
definitely needed In war than In peace,
and the women, more than any other
force, conserved these resources. To
those who believed that this must be
the last great war the reaiixation came
that we must learn to live and work
together even as we expect nations to.
"It did not take a declaration of war
to bring to the government a realization
of the importance of caring for the
moral and physical welfare of its cnii
dren, the next generation under the
league of nations, nor did it take a
declaration of war to direct the at
tention of women to this work, much
of the responsibility of which fell nat
urally on their shoulders.
"We looked across the far stretch of
sea and land; we saw men fighting; the
most bitter fights. with the most cruel
and barbaric methods of warfare the
world has ever known. We asked over
and over 'for what are we fighting?"
We said Germany must be conquered.
Was that all? Germany must still be
taught that the written word of a na
tion should be kept as sacredly as the
written word of a nindividual? It fs
the regeneration of the ideals of Ger
many which Is more necessary to the ,
world than the conquest of the Ger- i
man army, and in order to do this.
their military power had to be van
quished. All Moat Prepare Selves
"We realize that we must prepare
ourselves, morally, intellectually and
industrally, for the tasks that lie be
fore us. Let It be the business of
thinking men and women to impress
upon the mind of youth that war alone
never settles anything that mili
tarism cannot be destroyed by mili
tarism; that only good can destroy
evil, and that tne divine purpose of
human brotnerhood Is an ideal worthy
of man's highest endeavor.
"President Wilson returns with the
pest possible plan to abolish war. The
only thing that America asks is a
league of nations, and the United
States senate should know in no un
certain words that the United States
must not be left out."
AVith vivid memories of watching
the arch-conspirators daily prepare for
the "conquest of the world," Henry
Morgan thau, in speaking: yesterday,
urged the necessity of a league of
nations as the means of avoiding a
repetition of another outburst from
maddened brains bringing nothing but
murder, devastation and untold grief to
the world.
PLEA FOR AHII
Former Ambassador tp Turkey
Reviews Conditions.
AMERICA IS ONLY HOPE
European Nations, With Problems of
Their Own to Solve, Are Unablo
to GlTe Aid Xeeded.
UPSET STOMACH
Tape's Diapepsin at Once Ends
Sourness, Cases, Acidity,
Indigestion.
Undigested food? Lumps of pain;
beichin pas. acids and pourness. Whrn
yotir slomich Is all up.et. here Is in
stant relief No waiting!
The moment you cat a tablet of
Fapc'a Uiapcpsin all the indigestion
pain, dyspepsia misery, the sourness,
tascs and stomach acidity ends.
l'ape a Diapepsin tablets cost little at
any drug More, but th-re is no surer or
quicker aioiuava. reucX knu n Adv
Whnt 40 Year Accomplished Told.
" "This war has taught us," he said,
that in the short span of 40 years a
comparatively insignificant state could
develop its people into the most power
ful military machine that ever has
existed. Under the new covenant for
league of nations this effort would
have been arrested In its inception. All
nations living under a well-regulated
and established government .will join
this league and will undertake by man
datory method to provide means by
which the others gradually can secure
for themselves sound government. I
"The war has been a struggle be
tween autocracy and democracy. De
mocracy cannot be quiescent; it must
grow or die. e must not rest con
cnted with having defeated tem
porarily the forces of autocracy. They
are merely resting in temporary retire
ment.
"The true devotees of the cause of
liberty and justice throughout the
world are hailing with great satisfac
tion and prayerful appreciation the fine
prospect that the solution of these
serious problems has at last been
found."
Law Expert Reviews Covenant.
- Stating that the Paris covenant for a
league of nations has not been hastily
drawn, but that able commissions have
been sitting for several years giving
careful consideration to suggested
plans and to their application to chang
ing world conditions. Dr. George Graf
ton Wilson, expert on international
law, in an address reviewed and ex
plained the salient points in the cov
enant.
"One of the common objections to the
league of nations is that there has
never been a league of this character
among the nations up to this time." he
said. "Progress is made not by rever
sion to former methods of political
organization, but by moving forward
to new methods.
"Another objection is Mated by some
to be that it is impossible to form a
league. To this, one need merely reply
that a league has been in existence
ince August. 1911. The united States
h been in this league since April 6
1917. and now 14 nations deliberately
propose, after careful consideration
and by unanimous vote, that the league
relationship shall be permanent.
'Carefully considered," he concluded,
"tho great covenant of Paris for a
league of nations made public on Feb
ruary 14, 191. may be called the ex
tension of American principles and
ideals through a league of nations to
a high realization establishing Amer
ican doctrines as doctrines for the
world."
I.engne F'aseatlal to Basl-teao.
A league of nations Is essential to
good business, according to Edward A.
Kilene of KoMon. a director in the
chamber of commerce of the United
States.
With the peoples of all nations taxed
to the utmost in support of the world,
and future generations forced to bear
portion of this cost, Mr. Kilene said
that a league of nations was necessary
to end the limitless', endless burden of
rivalry of armaments which will result
if ihe Paris covenant is not adopted. -"The
burden which such taxation will
impose on a people already overstrained
by war." Faid Mr. Kilene. "surely will
cause discontent, and as that discontent
is further increased by the continuance
of that kind of taxation and you can- !
not discontinue it as long as you mu.t j
rival other nations in your prepara-
tions for war there must come, first.
revolutionary feeling, and then revo
lution. unless the nations take some
step to prevent it.
"Kvery government naturally will
prefer to have war than revolution. It
lias been always possible for a nation
to draw its people together by making
war on some other country. And so.
every country will exchange revolution
for war whenever possible and so you
will have the outlook definitely for
war and still more war.
"looking at it from the most ma
terial standpoint in the most selfish
way we find that we either must get
this league of nations approved by our
senate, or we shall get inevitably this
heavy taxation which means discon
tent and revolution and eventually
war."'
When the Jews of Palestine turned to
Henry Morgentnau. then ambassador to
Turkey, In appeal for relief from suf
fering and starvation they struck the
rignt man. ao sooner had he begun his
campaign of assistance and a study of
conditions of which Americans know
little than the job of being ambassa
dor waned into insignificance.
That he might devote his time to the
raising of funds and the alleviating of
suffering among the Jews left in Pales
tine and those who were ostracized be
cause they would not accept the Otto
man religion, Henry Morgenthau gave
up his post In Constantinople.
Unconsciously and indirectly this lit
tie inside view of the working of the
neart or the former ambassador was
disclosed In his talk yesterday noon be
fore the Portland branch of the national
Jewish sufferers relief committee. Two
hundred members and guests listened
with rapt attention to his plea for the
downtrodden Jews of Palestine, pre
sented in the crystal room of the Ben
son hotel. Ben Selling, chairman of
the local organization, presided and the
honored guest was introduced ii. felici
tous manner by Rabbi Jonah B. Wise.
930,000 laed for Relief.
Mr. Morgenthau related how, when
deportations of Jews from the holy land
were begun by the Turks, it very nat
urally came about that they turned to
him as American ambassador in Con
stantinople for assistance. He told how
$50,000 was placed at his disposal by
cable within 48 hours from the time he
sent his call to this country, Nathan
Straus of New York promptly advancing
tnis sum. T,his was the genesis of the
relief movement to which Mr. Morgen
tnau now gives his heart and soul.
"If you only knew how the Jews of
Palestine suffer," he said, "you would
be moved to compassion. It is almost
an international poorhouse. The atroci
ties against the Armenians have been
greater but I really believe the Jews
have suffered most. There is not
single Jew in Palestine who we would
call prosperous.
I visited the soup houses maintained
by Mr. Straus and the things 1 saw
were pitiful beyond description. It
seemed as though bundles of rags came
to life and these people moved up to
get the single bowl of soup that eus
tains tnem.
Red Tape Troubles.
The speaker then touched upon the
system, all bound about by red tape,
by which the Turkish gfuernment gives
an allowance of 23 cmf per month to
those who will take the great amount
of trouble necessary to prove that they
have no other means of support. Now
also, he -added, the relief society grants
an allowance ot cents a month. Upon
this pittance many hundreds of the
luckless residents must live.
Well I remember one poor woman
ne reiaiea, wno urew ror seven per
sons. I visited her home. Then I dis
covered that ehe had a crippled child
of her own and had generously taken
to board five other crippled children.
They- had to live on that little 2 cents
a day per person. One of the children
was peeling a tomato when I called
To start the conversation I asked her
what she was doinfe. 'I am preparing
mncn ior myseir ana sister, she stated
and that tomato was all the two of
them hrd for the meal.
America Looked To.
Mr. Morgenthau explained how im
possmie it is ior ine stricken coun
tries of Europe to give the assistance
to the unfortunates In Palestine they
would gladly extend if they could. The
great philanthropists of England even
have to withdraw their aid now. In
this emergency much depends on Amer
ica. It is up to America to prosecute
this relief campaign almost alone, and
the nation is well able to do so. Aid
extended now, he said, will be worth
U i times as much as that which comes
two or three years late.
"ror Gods ake, give us the chnnc
to save ourselves," Is the plea, he said.
W e are a debtor nation to God for
waat he has done for us. I want each
of you to have a bad half-hour over
this matter. I want you to take it upon
your conscience.
Applause and expressions of svmna
thetic understanding frequently broke
in upon the thread of Mr. Morgenthau's
pica.
after his honeymoon and exclaimed:!
'Here's $5 more It turned out better!
than. I exDected." It runs very near!
along the lines we have been talking.
We have been told that an international
force to maintain peace was to be
mobilized at The Hague. But we find
the only force and a sufficient force
is the force of nations standing to
gether and agreeing that In certain
eventualities they will stand together.
Dr. Henry Van Dyke, former occu
pant of the chair of English at Prince
ton and late minister to the Nether
lands, was the first speaker to be intro
duced at the luncheon by Dr. W. T.
Foster of Reed college, toastmaster.
Pacifism received the burden of his
remarks. "Why, the majority of
pacifists have no more idea of what
peace really means than a cow has of
roast beef," emphasized Dr. Van Dyke.
He continued: "Peace is not negative,
but positive it is law, order, protec
tion for the weak. Non-resistance
may mean slavery, anarchy and the
lowest kind of degradation. Peace with
power is necessary and cannot last
without a league of nations.
"Through the shattering of militar
ism, Europe now has many baby na
tions so many and so awfully new
that they are sure to scrap if not re
strained by a league of nations. This
league should take the form of a large
parental hand, that the aftermath of
the great war shall not begin with a
Donnybrook fair."
Dr. Van Dyke concluded with an ap
peal for public sentiment to force a
unanimous ratification of the cov
enant by the United States senate.
I have no use for the free-love in
ternationalism which does away with
the spirit of patriotism," began Dr.
Charles R. Brown, dean of the Tale
school of religion, the second speaker
of the noon hour. He went on: "I
think it is an excellent thing for every
nmn to love his own wife, and the
more he does "for her the more he
strengthens his chivalrous reerard for
all other vjmen. So a proper regard
for our own country does not militate
against a just regard for other coun-
ries.
'International relations have been in
the realm of paganism. World peace
is secured by one of three things im
perialism, which is aUpowerfuI, now a
failure; "the balance of por-r, which
played both .ends against the middle
and is now played out, and the reign
of law based on the consent of the .
governed.
T
Ratification by United States
Senate Is Requested. .
PARIS TO RECEIVE COPY
Delegates Vote to Send Cable Report
to Committee of League to
Enforce .Peace.
Direct expression of the sentiment
prevailing at the northwestern con
gress for a league of nations, which
concluded its Portland session last
night, is found in the platform adopted
by the delegates and which is to be
cabled without delay to the Paris com
mittee of the League to Enforce Peace.
It gives unqualified indorsement to the
covenant for such a league and urges
that the covenant be ratified by the
senate of the United States.
The platform was presented at yes
terday afternoon s session of the con
gress, with ex-President Taft presid
ing as president of the League to
Enforce Peace. Earlier in the day it
had been drawn by the special plat'
rorm committee, comprised of repre
sentative delegates from Washington.
idano ana Oregon.
But the entire house, visitors and all,
gave vociferous assent to its passage
wnen it was read to the congress by
B. F. Dahm of Seattle, chairman of
the platform committee. The platform
is as follows:
99
MRS. PHILIP XORTH MOORE OF
ST. LOUIS SPEAKS HERE.
Only Woman Speaker on Programme
of Conference Says War Surely
One of Motherhoods.
S PACT IS FORCE
DU. A. L. LOWELL. OF HARVARD
VMVERSITV, GIVES PLAX.
Clubwomen and pclfte delegates of
Oregon and "Washington assembled at
luncheon at the Portland hotel yester
day afternoon to honor Mrs. Philip
North Moore of St. Louis, only woman
speaker on the programme of the con
ference for the League to Enforce
Peace, and president of the American
Council of Women. Mrs. Charles Cast
ner of Hood River, president of the
State Federation of Women's clubs.
presided and introduced Mrs. Moore.
Mrs. George Thacher Guernsey of In
dependence, Kan., president-general of
the Daughters of the American Revo
lution, and Mrs. N. S. McCready of Sno
homish. Wash., who brought greetings
from the Washington State Federation.
This has been a war of mother
hoods," said Mrs. Moore in a short
greeting to the women. "We speak of
La Belle France, England, the mother
land, and the Goddess of Liberty: Ger
many only has the fatherland. Matthew
Arnold has said it is the women back
of the lines who win the battles at the
front. Where are we to find greater
heroes of this war than among ' the
women of Belgium?
"It is now asked that we women of
America, we who have given less than
tho women of any other country, use
our great power in making this war
the end of all wars. The treaty of
the league of nations has been sent to
the United States annate fop ratifica
tion. We are depending upon the
women of the country to write to their
senators telling them they are expect
ed to ratify the treaty."
"One hundred and five thousand
women of the Daughters of the Amer
ican Revolution have pledged them
selves to support the treaty,' an
nounced Mrs. Guernsey, who brought
greetings from the National Daughters
of the American Revolution.
The luncheon was attended by 228
women. At the table with Mrs. Moore
and Mrs. Castner sat Mrs. Frank Dex
ter Ellison, Massachusetts regent of
the Daughters of tho American Revo
lution; Mrs. Guernsey, Mrs. Sarah Ev
ans, Mrs. McCready, Mrs. Overton Gen
try Ellis of Tacoma, Washington re
gent of the Daughters of the American
Revolution: Mrs. F. H. Buchanan of
McMinnville, Mrs. Frances Marian Wil
kins of Eugene, Or., regent of the j
Daughters of the American Revolution; ,
Mrs. G. J. Frankel, president of the
Portland Federation of Women's Or
ganizations; Mrs. Frederick G. Schilk
of La Grande, president of the Oregon
Congress of Mothers; Mrs. J. A. Pettit,
Mrs. William Bell of Rose burg and
Mis. Rose Coursen-Reed.
Treaty Ratification Desired.
Believing1 that the United States entered
tne war not only to protect American in
i tresis -ana lives against tne unlawful at
tack of the German government, but also
10 secure a just and durable peace oa earth
ior an man or good will;
And believing- that the real fruit of the
military victory which the allies and Amer
ica have won over the fleets and armies of
Ufrmany and her subservient accomplices
can De secured only Dy tne tormation of
tho league of free nations who will pledge
thrir united powers to repress war and to
uphold the settlement of internaUona! dis
putes by reason, justice and conciliation
and thus to promote the free, orderly and
peaceful development of mankind ;
We, the delegates of this Northwestern
congress, held under the auspices of the
Ieaguc to Knforce Peace, William Howard
Taft, president, do adopt the following reso
lutions'. Itesoiven, First, that we rejoice in the
presentatior to the peace conference
Piris of the draft constitution jf a league
and covenant of free nations, pledged t
use tholr rpunoHvA unvproifl-n t in a In a
mon effort to prevent the dangers and
horrors or war and to perpetuate tne bless
ings of a just peace in all countries. We
recognize in this constitution measures
wisely planned to determine and effect jus-
ce and thus to make the world more se
cure in peace and more safe for democracy.
we rejoice, as Americans. In the fact that
this pSan was read to the conference and so
to the world by President Wilson, whose
patient and powerful advocacy of this cause
has done so much to produce harmony and
efficiency in the results.
Resolved, Second, that we express our
strong desire that a treaty of peace of which
the formation of such a league and covenant
Is an essential part shall be ratified accord
ing to the constitution by the senate of the
United States, and that our country shall
become one of the five great powers to
create the league and to guide its affairs.
not only for the good of America but also
for the peaceful welfare and progress of
mankind.
Woman Offers Resolution.
Presented by Mrs. Charles H. Castner,
member of the northwestern congress
and president of the State Federation of
Women's clubs, the resolution to cable
the action of the congress to the Paris
committee was unanimously adopted.
as follows:
Resolved, That the platform of the con
gress be cabled to the Paris committee of
the league to enforce peace ior presentation
to the American delegates at the peace con
ference and sent to the United States sen
ators representing the states composing the
uorthwstern congress.
Members of the committee . which
drafted the platform were as follows:
Oregon delegation, W. G. Eliot Jr. of
Portland, Mrs. Charles H. Castner of
Hood River, O. P. Coshow of Roseburg
and P. B. Kiddle of Island City; Wash
ington delegation, B. F. Dahm of Seat
tle. N. W. Durham of Spokane, N. B.
Coffman of Chehalis and William Short
of Seattle; Idaho delegation, Cecil R.
Peckham of Wilder, Mrs. J. A. Price of
Palmer, Frank Harris of Weiser and
Gunder P. Kjosness of Lewiston.
"Acid -Moti
destroys
the best of teeth
What is the tasteless, sly-working
condition that gradually
weakens the enamel of your teeth
and exposes the soft, interior pulp
to the destructive action of germs?
"Acid-Mouth."
95 in every 100 men, women
and children are said to have it.
Use Pebeco twice a day and visit
your dentist twice a year. Thus
you will keep "Acid-Mouth" in
check, and your teeth, gums and
mouthjwill be greatly benefited.
Sold by druggisls everywhere.
I OUR SIQfl IS OUR BOAIP I
TOOTH PASTE
Counteracts "Acid-Mouth"
MR. TAFT DEFENDS LEAGUE
EX - PRESIDENT ADDRESSES
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE.
AH Free Nations Trustworthy. De
clares Speaker Before Portland
University Club.
SILVERTON BEATS ALBANY
Score of
"nappy
! 6 Registered
Content.
in
STLVERTOV. Or.. Feb. 17. (Special.)
tiilverton high defeated Albany here
Saturday -night by a score of 9 to 16
in a snappy game of basketball. Al
bany is out for the state championship
and played a fast game, but was not
equal to the work punup by the steady
Silverton team. The main feature of
the game was the close guarding of
both learns.
Silverton has played five games this
year and has a good chance for the
championship as it has won four of
the five games played. It has beaten
Salem and Corvallis and expects to
trim Eugene when it plays a return
guuie at iivrtun the 2 bill.
Are free nations trustworthy?
Dr. A. Lawrence Lowell, president of
Harvard university, believes they are.
1 and told a large gathering of men and
.women at the University club luncheon
yesterday that the word of the nations
involved in the covenant Just formed Is
the best possible guarantee of lasting
peace.
"Did France vwant to go into the
war?" asked Dr. Lowell. "She knew
what suffering it meant for France if
she did but she had given her word to
Russia. Did Fngland want war? She
did not, but her word hud been given
guaranteeing Belgian integrity. Bel
gium had given her word to the other
nations and was outrageously tortured,
but Belgium kept her word.
"Can you mention any free nation
that has gone back on its word? If so,
let us say that civilization is a failure
and tear down this false structure we
have reared. But I believe we can be
trusted, for as a nation we have not
yet broken our word, and I believe
England and France can be trusted
"The time has come when we can get
together like reasonable, civilized
neighbors. This is the God-appointed
time. There never will be another
chance. From the trenches of France
poilus and Tommies cried out that the
sacrifice would not be in vain if it pro
tected their grandchildren from a simi
lar ordeal. And we have pledged our
word as a nation that it shall not have
been in vain."
In prefacing his remarks, Dr. Lowell
said that in the years the league of
nations had been projected people
everywhere were ready to acclaim it
so long as it was in the abstract. Only
since the armistice and the league
took definite form in Paris had con
siderable objection been raised. .
"Now we have a covenant." he de
clared. "I confess I feel like the
bridegroom, who sought the minister
TVRKISH CRUELTY" DEPICTED
I Ex-Ambassador. Morgenthau Dc
scribes Killing of Armenians.
T am addressing every audience
that it is possible for me to reach on
he sufferings of the Armenians with
the determination to create sufficien
public sentiment henceforth to deny
the Turkish government permission to
rule over a Christian people."
Quiet in manner, deliberate in speech.
sparing his audience the harrowing de
tails of crime and outrage, s-yet withal
giving such a . narration of the be
trayals of Turkish knaves and arch
traitors who operated under Abdul
Hamid to exterminate the Armenian
race, Henry Morgenthau, ex-ambassador
to Turkey, moved the great audience
which packed the First Presbyterian
church Monday evening to the point
where it was virtually necessary to
employ restraint to keep it from turn
ing out its pockets for the victims of
massacre and deportation.
Mr. Morgenthau arrived last evening
with the members of the League to
Enforce Peace.
When the first whispers of war
were circulated, Germany advised
Turkey to deport all Greeks or send
them to the interior, lest the invading
armies of Greece would be aided by
Turkish subjects of Oreek parentage.
Two women came to me and begged me
to send some aid to these Greeks. Out
in the Sea of Marmora were a number
of little boats filled with Greek women
and children who had been for days
not only without food, but without
water. They had been deported by
the Turks and their cries of anguish
had been heard by these women. The
next night it was possible for me to
send in the name of the government of
the United States a boat filled with
water and food to relieve these people.
"The Turkish government had sud
denly decided to exterminate the Ar
menian race within 30 days. As a
result of this massacre we have 400,000
orphans to care for. These are the
hope of the far east. They represent
the seed of Christianity for the new
Fast which is to come. We can't hope
to save them alL They have no cloth
ing and they have pot had enough to
eat for three years."
Opponents of Plan Arouse Sarcasm
of Speaker, "Who Takes Up
Constitutionality Issue.
of the world in our international good- when our boys
Will.
"Did we but hear among our sen
ators a constructive suggestion, we
might listen with more patience. Their
fear or violating our constitutional
rights would receive more serious
thought if they had shown more regard
for that document.
"How are disputes that occur in the
future to be settled amicably? How
are we to prevent making more war
unless those who dictate peace take
over the control of the situation?
Have you heard any suggestions
from the senators objecting as to how
that can be done? If you have your
hearing is more acute than mine.
(Laughter and applause.)
"This is not a partisan question.
When we get to the shores of the
oceans we cease our partisanship.
(Applause.)
"I was glad the president went to the
conference. It was eaid that It was
unconstitutional. w ell, he s gone.
(Laughter.) And he is coming back.
There is nothing in the constitution
that prohibits him from going or com
ing. There is no higher function than
that he is doing in going over there.
It is educating him. I doubt not that
his going over there changed his mind
on some things in the league of na
tions. His promise has pledged us to
the league of nations.
"When you went out to talk to the
people during the liberty loan cam
paigns you told them that we were in
the war to make the world t-afe.
"Did we hear any protest against
adopting a means that would do that!. KITKI.
ere fighting at Cha
teau Thierry or In the Argonne? It
would be a breach of faith with thote
nations of Europe, weary' with war,
were they not given the league of na
tions that we promised them. And the
senate threatens it on the ground of
constitutionality. I should hate to j
have the constitution perverted to pre
vent the fulfillment of our promise to
the world and to our own people, and
1 let no man exceed my respect for the
constitution."
With fine sarcasm the ex-president
portrayed the argument of Senator
Poindexter that we could not consent
to limitation of our armament or mili
tary strength. While congress cannot
be bound by a treaty, he was unable to
conceive of a congress that would fail
to do its duty in functioning to do the
things that might become necessary rn
pursuance to obligations incurred un
der a treaty of peace. "If Washington
were alive today he would be a strong
advocate of tho league of nations." he
declared in speaking of the bogey of
entangling alliances . that has been
raised by some opponents of the plan.
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It was a spontaneous tribute of per
sonal regard that the business com
munity paid to William Howard Taft
at the Chamber of Commerce luncheon
yesterday when he was escorted to his
place in the large dining-room by H. L.
Corbett, president of the chamber. It
began when the ex-preoident of the
United States appeared at the landing
of the stairway and continued long
after he was seated at the table, the
more than 600 persons in the room
evincing interest in his sprightly step
and personality that radiates good na
ture. The great throng had just fin
ished ringing "America" when the
guest of honor was ushered in.
Sliss Harriet Jeacn, one 01 Portland's
favorite sopranos, sang the "Star-
Spangled Banner" by request, as the
opening number on the programme.
"I know of nobody whose character
and conditions have been more dis
cussed than the business men of this
country," said H. L. Corbett, intro
ducing Mr. Taft, "and I know of no
men whose Americanism has run more
true than the business men of the
United States. One thing I think comes
very clear to us in considering the re
lationship of the business man to a
eaue to enforce peace: the thought of
what it means to you if the old com
petition has to go on in the old way.
It is our good fortune to have with us
one of those men whose brain con
ceived the idea of a league of nations,
and it is my pleasure to introduce Will
iam Howard Taft, president of the
League to Enforce Peace."
Mr. Taft expressed nis pleasure at
being in Portland, coupled with regret
that some of those whom he was ac
customed to meet are here no longer
and recalling among them George H.
Williams, C. A. Dolph and Theodore B.
Wilcox. He launched into a discussion
of -the principles of the league of na
tions as promulgated at Paris, com
menting upon the criticism of senators
nd voicing his approval of the com
pact. "Now that we have a constitu-
ion for the league ot nations, we xeei
that it should be adopted in its en
tirety." said Mr. Taft. "We feel that
the president is to be congratulated
that he can bring back so great and
powerful a document, embracing such
progressive principles as tne document
hat has been created by tne council at
Paris. We feel that the arguments
against it are not constructive, but are
destructive of the faith of the people
saved me hours -of torture
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