Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 04, 1919, Page 8, Image 8

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ID 19
The strike at Seattle is as disquiet--ing
as it is astounding. Union labor
has stood firmly for the right of col
lective bargaining. Now a section of
union labor, having entered into a
certain bargain to work in the ship
yards at a certain wage, for a cer
tain time, repudiates its own con-
tKThe contract was made on behalf
of union labor by its leaders and au
thorized representatives. The terms
of the award were made by the Macy
board, of which one member was ap
pointed by the President, representing
ihe people, one by the United States
Navy and the Emergency Fleet Cor
poration, and one by Samuel Gompers
for the American Federation of Labor.
The strike is a repudiation of arbi
tration. It is a repudiation of the
policy of collective bargaining. It is
a repudiation of the bargain itself. It
is a repudiation of the President. It is
a repudiation of the Government. It
is a repudiation of union labor leader
ship, represented in Samuel Gompers
and the international presidents who
subscribed to the agreement. It is a
repudiation of good faith and tne
orderly adjustment of wage differ
ences. It is an announcement that
union labor, in making a contract,
cannot be compelled, by moral power
or by law, to carry it out. It is a
declaration that union labor reserves
the privilege and right, when it makes
a bargain, to withdraw from it at will.
The larger interest of labor every
where in the Seattle strike is in the
integrity of labor's covenants. Shall
the whole principle for recognition
of unionism and its right to speak for
labor, and to bargain tor it, be main
tained by labor itself, or shall it be
thrown overboard for some new idea
or policy? But what idea or policy?
Mass action, whatever that is, per
haps. But whatever it is it is not an
orderly process heretofore counte
nanced by union labor, and not coun
tenanced now by any of them except
a few hot-heads at Seattle and other
"Washington cities.
Quite clearly if labor generally
yields to the demands of the radical
ism, it is an end of unionism the
unionism which has made great gains
during the past several years and
which has found acceptance of its
principles, or many of them, by em
ployers and public. Now the old poli
cies, the old leaders, the old structure
of unionism are to be pushed aside,
and labor is to take new ways if the
Seattle idea prevails.
It is a grave crisis for the public.
It is a graver crisis for labor itself.
Khali the Seattle tail of radicalism and
revolution wag the great animal of
labor throughout the Nation?
The Railroad Commission incurred
a loss of nearly $200,000,000 in op
erating the railroads in 1918, and
asks for $750,000,000 to make good
this loss and to improve and extend
the roads in 1919. That $200,000,0p0
is the sum by which the cost of oper
ation has increased over the econo
mies effected by unified operation.
These economies are undoubted and
great, and most of them involve no
loss or deterioration of service to the
These are the pros and cons of Gov
ernment operation. They do not hold
.out a bright prospect that under peace
conditions the Government would suc
ceed in making the railroads pay their
way. There may be some decrease in
cost of operation, but there will surely
be a decrease in volume of traffic
also. After all due allowance has been
made for high expenses ca tsed by the
war, tho advance in freight and pas
senger rates combined with the un
doubted economies effected should
have sufficed to prevent loss. Failure
to accomplish this end may fairly be
attributed to the disregard of economy
which is inseparable from Govern
ment' business.
The American people wish to con
tinue the improved service and the
economy of facilities resulting from
unified operation. They also wish to
retain the benefits arising from pri
vate operation the lowest rates for
the best service in the world, economy
of operation, and individual initiative
and enterprise, to which these other
benefits are due. A small but deter
mined and earnest class of people is
devoted to the theory that the Gov
ernment should own and run the rail
roads and every other industry. An
other class, equally determined and
earnest, is wedded to the theory that
the Government should get out of
business and leave it to private enter
prise without restriction. But the
Kreat body of the people cares nothin
for either theory; it cares for nothin
except results. It. realizes that a
htrge measure of Government control
5s necessary to prevent the abuses
of the past: that there are undoubted
advantages in a large measure of uni
fied operation; that waste, bureau-
Tatlc rigidity and dictation spring
from Government operation. It de-
I sires to combine the good features of
both nfethods and to eliminate the
kbad features of both.
This end may be attained by such
policy as the Interstate Commerce
Commission has recommended. If all
he roads of a certain region were
ombined in the hands of one com-
rnany with several Government repre
sentatives on each board of directors,
jind if these companies were pcrmit-
sted to interchange and pool traffic
t-ind facilities subject to the supervis-
Ion of the Interstate Commerce Com
mission, the people should get all the
benefit of unified operation without
the evils which arise under unrestrict.
ed private operation. Regulation ot
rates within the states where they af
fect interstate rates could be taken
from the states and vested in the In
terstate Commission, as could all
questions of railroad finance. Re
gional commissions, subordinate to
the Interstate Commission could be
established to secure prompt decision
of disputes, and the state commis
sions could be coupled up with them
to deal with questions within their
states which have no interstate effect
and could act in the interest of their
states before the Interstate Commis
sion. Settlement of the question on these
lines at the extra session of CongTess
which now seems inevitable should be
practicable. There is no occasion for
the five-year extension of Government
operation proposed by Mr. McAdoo.
The delay would not be so long as to
injure the transportation system, and
action next Summer would take the
railroads out of politics, while a five
year extension of the present Condi
Lion would keep them in politics for
that period and would make them a
campaign issue in 1920 and perhaps
again in 1924. The worst enemy of
efficiency in any business is doubt.
and doubt as to the railroads can and
should be ended in 1919.
The Legislature may attach the
emergency clause to the road-bonding"
bill. It should, for it is generally ex
pected and desired that it do so. It
has abundant justification.
First. The emergency exists and is
universally recognized.
Second. The Legislature has a man
date from the people, expressed two
years ago, or less, in its approval of
the original bonding measure, to build
roads with state funds.
Third. The people demand the prep
aration and completion at the earliest
practicable time of an extensive road
progra mme.
Fourth. The duty of the Legislature
to provide work for returning soldiers
and for other unemployed men Is
known and acknowledged.
The constitution of the state au
thorizes a Legislature to give any of
its acts immediate effect, by an emer
gency clause, if it is "necessary for
the immediate preservation of the
public peace, health or safety." The
relation of such a measure to the pub
lic peace and safety, in its employ
ment of many men who would other
wise have idleness enforced on them,
is obvious. The political health of
the state is as important as the physi
cal health of its citizens.
There is talk by the obstructionists
that the Legislature must not "dodge
the people" by building roads and
employingmany workmen now through
the $10,000,000 measure.
What people? The obstructionists
who obstruct for obstruction's sake.
They would browbeat and bludgeon
the Legislature into refusal to do a
lawful, proper and needed thing, to
meet an emergency, so that they may
put the brakes on the wheels of
progress for a year or two. They
have no hope that the people will
vote the measure down. They know
that, jf submitted now, it would be
overwhelmingly passed. The appeal
to patriotism and common business
sense is irresistible. But the game
of obstruction the obstructionists will
play anyway, at any cost to the state.
What matters the public interest if
they can show their power even for
a little while?
The Legislature will not dodge the
people by adding the emergency
clause. It will serve the people. It
should take cognizance of the people's
interest, and Ho for the people what
it knows the people would do for
themselves. v
'Count von Bernstorff was probably
appointed one of the GcrmatT-delegates
to the peace conference in expecta
tion that his personal acquaintance
with the American delegates and his
intimate knowledge of American af
fairs would be useful in securing easy
terms. lie has the advantage of know
ing Colonel House as a "dear friend"
and as an honest pacifist and "just
the man to fight for Wilson's peace
programme," as he is quoted by the
Berlin Tageblatt as having said. But
it will surely embarrass the Colonel
to be reminded that he told the Count
repeatedly that "he had just as encr
getically protested in London against
the British blockade as the U-boat
war," since his country afterwards be
came a party to that blockade.
If the Germans expect to win any
points at Paris by sending the Count
to represent them, they are cither
greatly mistaken or the American
delegates have very short memories
Count von Bernstorff, while enjoying
the privileges of an Ambassador and
the hospitality of this country, con
ducted a conspiracy against its peace
and the lives and property of its citi
zens, lie hired thugs to blow up
ships and buildings and agitators to
foment strikes. Through him the
traitor Bolo was supplied with money
to buy Paris newspapers for the pur
pose of brrta-king down the fighting
spirit of the French people.
For doing much less than he did.
Ambassadors of other countries have
been expelled from the United States.
No President who respected himself
and his country would receive him as
Ambassador. His appointment is one
among many evidences that the only
crime which the German people, real
ize that they committed is failure.
Refusal to deal with the chief pro
German conspirator in the L'nited
States would be a needed rebuke.
of ptiiLirrrvE
Some conception may be formed of
the consequences, of "the Philippines
for the Filipinos," which in practice
means "the Philippines for tho mesti
zos," from tha. report of Dr. John D.
Long, assistant director of public
health of the islands, for the second
quarter of 1918. He reports that the
death rate per thousand was 50.08 as
compared with 23.23 in the second
quarter of 1917, and the statement of
deaths from particular causes shows
that this enormous increase was due
to causes which could have been pre
vented by strict sanitary precautions.
There were 705 deaths from small
pox against one in the corresponding
quarter of 1917; the grippe, 28 against
5; dysentery, 177 against 38; beriberi.
110 against 97; tuberculosis, 515
against 377; meningitis, 130 against
57; diseases of the respiratory sys
tem, 615 against 377; diarrhea and
enteritis, 227 against 95; diseases of
early infancy. 201 against 141.
Dr. Long being only assistant direc
tor of health, his chief is doubtless
a mestizo, in accordance with the
policy of the junta which lobbied the
bill through Congress handing over
full control of the government to the
natives. That fact explains his reti
cence as to tthe cause of this mor
tality from epidemic disease, for he
merely says
We shall not stop hero to Inquire farther
nto the basic cauufi of this great rise In
the mortality, no an not to make thlfl report
too Ion?. It la sufficient to have stated In
what the Increase consists, to deduce the
Those basic causes may be Inferred
with fair accuracy from what is al
ready known of the manner in which
the mestizos conducted the govern
ment from the day when they took
control. They are a class of profes
sional politicians, greedy for the spoils
of office and with no sense of re
sponsibility to the people. They are
exploiters of a people untrained in
the ways of democracy, a people who
have become victims of an impractical
The suggestion of Otto H. Kahn
that a "book comprising five hundred
of the best war letters from American
soldiers and seamen be compiled to
bespeak the American spirit in the
war" presents one difficulty, and that
is the selection of so few as five hun
dred letters worthy of being included
in a book. The process of elimina
tion is one to stagger any but the
most hide-bound editor. There are
men who would apply to them a set
of rhetorical conventions which might
simplify the printer's task, but which
would result in the loss of some ex
ceedingly human documents to pos
terity. Those who in good conscience
seek the true revelation will discover
an amazing mass of material which
they will not want to reject.
One of the disclosures of this war
has been that there are more men
who can write, clearly and graphic
ally and convincingly, than anybody
thought there could be. It has been
a letter-writing war, in the best sense
of the term. Even illiterates have
learned their alphabets expressly in
order to be able to communicate with
the folks at home. One hardly knows
in what direction to turn to choose
the purest gem. Real literature,
broadly speaking, is as likely to hava
been reprinted in the remote country
weekly as in the pages of the leading
magazines. Many undoubtedly fine
paragraphs 'have been read thus far
only by the persons to whom they
originally were addressed.
There is a quality in the literature
of letter-writing which is peculiar to
itself. Entire absence of self-consciousness,
of the feeling that the
words may "sound different in print,"
lends it a peculiar charm. This ac
counts for the avidity with which the
posthumous private letters of authors
are read by readers of their formal
writings. We expect the professional
author to pose, and we feel that the
letter-writer probably is letting the
real human being that is within him
express himself.
We need not expect the best five
hundred letters to find their way into
print at once. Long after the present
acrcrs in the great drama are dead,
their letters will be coming to light.
But the search is bound to be inter
esting and it may well begin now. The
job of choosing among them is too
vast for any single set of men. All
posterity will sit in filial judgment
upon their letters as upon their deeds,
A Bolshevist orator from the edi
torial sanctum of the Portland Jour-
nal, in addressing a Portland audience.
compared the Soviet constitution of
Russia with the Constitution of the
United 'States with the obvious intent
or showing Bolshevism to be superior.
In order that the readers of The Ore-
ponian may understand just what is
held up to them as a desirable sub
stitute for the Government under
which this Nation
has grown great I
. - , , - - ... .
c.i w iiic-ii ineir soiaiers nave
fought against Germany as the sol
diers of past generations fought for
independence and for the Union, the
provisions of the Soviet constitution
are published in another column.
The Soviet government is frankly
government by one class, which it
calls "the toiling masses," for it de
nies all rights to vote or hold property
to any other class. It was estab
lished by force, it dispersed by force
the only approach to a representative
body which has met in Russia since
the revolution, and it crushed by
massacre any party which ventured
to oppose it. It frankly proclaims the
purpose of "mercilessly suppressing
tho exploiters," who include all men
who hire other men for profit. It is
now extending its authority from Cen
tral Russia throughout the former
empire by war, massacre, robbery and
destruction. This Soviet republic does
not limit ils aims to Russia, for it
alms at "the victory of Socialism In
all countries," and the men who spout
Bolshevism in Portland are the allies
of those who have spread the red
terror and its companion furies, fam
ine and plague, through Russia.
A fundamental principle of the
tooviet is confiscation of all property
and "'doing away with parasitical ele
ments in society." What is meant by
parasitica! elements may be in
ferred from the fact that the fran-
i iiise provisions exclude persons us
ing hired labor for profit, persons
living on income from capital. Interest
on capital, industrial enterprises and
property, private traders, trading and
commercial agents."
An attempt is made by the Portland
Bolshevist to defend this wholesale
confiscation by showing that it lias
reen practiced in tho United States,
but the examples cited are oeruliarlv
unfortunate. The charter of the United
Kf-at "I .... I. i a i i
-1 " lv -1 uaiiiv ndu t't'fn given lor a
tlctmite term, and was not renewed
after prolonged public discussion
which gave its holders fair warning
that its special privileges might not
continue. It was in the nature of a
contract by which the bank performed
certain services in return for thobe
President Lincoln's emancipation of
the slaves is another alleged Ameri
can precedent for confiscation, but the
circumstances are studiously ignored.
The Confederacy used the slaves to
maintain itself for the purpose of
making war on the Union. Accepting
its definition of them as property,
they were as truly implements of war
as the food and other things which
the slaves produced or the arms with
which-the Confederate soldiers fought.
Further, Lincoln gave the rebels nev-
eral months" notice that emancipation
of the slaves would follow if they did
not submit to the Government of the
United States, and in that preliminary
proclamation, issued on September 22
1862, he said:
It is my purpose, upon the next meeting
of Congress, to again recommend the adop
tion of a practical measure tendering pe
cuniary aid to the free acceptance or re
jection of all slave statea, so called. Ihe
people whereof may not then be In rebellion
against the United States, and which states
may then have voluntarily adopted, or there
after may voluntarily adopt, immediate or
gradual abolishment of slavery within their
respective limlts-
The rebel states not having taken
advantage of this offer, Lincoln, on
January 1, 18 63, issued the proclama
tion emancipating "all persons held
as slaves within any state or desig
nated part of a state the people
whereof shall then be in rebillion
against the United States." The proc
lamation did not apply to slaves held
by loyal citizens of loyal states, and
plainly stated that this fetep was taken
"as a fit and necessary war measure
for suppressing said rebellion."
The Bolshevik editor also cites the
prohibition amendment to the Federal
Constitution as an act of confiscation,
although it takes away no physical
property from any person, but forbids
use of that property in producing and
selling alcoholic drinks, a business
which has been held to be conducted
only at public sufferance and to" be
subject to severe restriction by spe-1
cial taxation, license and regulation.
The owners of that property retain it,
with full freedom to apply it to other
uses, and they are doing sof There is
some show of reason for placing the
implements of the liquor traffic in the
same category as articles found in a
gambling or bawdy house, and for
seizing and destroying them as hav
ing been used to injure the public
morals, but the law recognizes that
they are capable of innocent and
beneficial use and leaves them in the
hands of their owners.
These three examples from Ameri
can history are cited by the Bolshe
vik editor to sanction the confiscation
of all land, "all forests, mineral wealth,
water power and waterways of pub
lic importance, all livestock and agri
cultural Implements factories, mills.
mines, railroads and other means of
production," repudiation of "loans
contracted by the governments of the
Czar, the landlords and tho capitalists,
the transfer of all banks into property
of the Workers' and Peasants' state."
There is no parallel. The Soviet draws
no distinction between property which
has been acquired by honest effort
and enterprise and that which has
been acquired by fraud. It destroys
the national credit by repudiating
debts which both honor and policy
dictate should be held sacred. Rail
as they may against capital, the Bol
sheviki cannot repair their wrecked
railroads, develop their mlrtes and
forests or cultivate their vast areas
of wild land without capital. They
are destroying the capital of their
own country, and they make it im
possible to obtain capital from abroad
They murder all men who have brains
and skill to manage an enterprise,
or if any. survive, reduce them to
serfdom, forbidden to vote or bear
arms. They are going the right way
to drive Russia to plow with a forked
stick and to use a stone hammer
and ax.
The Soviet constitution is the ema
nation .of brains which pander to the
passions of a people driven to revolu
tionary frenzy by the sufferings of
war. In which they have twice been
betrayed to the enemy once by the
faithless ministers of a weak despot
and again by the Bolshevist leaders
Yet this stuff wins the approval of
the Journal's Bolshevist editor.
The greed of the South is in evi
dence again. When the price of cot
ton was soaring toward the sky, it
blocked all movements to fix the price
though readily voting to limit the
price of wheat. Cotton is now going
down, and the South wants Congress
to fix a price near the highest point
reached during the war. But that
game is played out.
Mr. Thomas was right in removin
the sign telling of a charge of 10
cents to a soldier for a bed in the
Atkinson School, and the community
service representative who said the
charge made the soldier feel inde
pendent was wrong. That small price
ftf a Vi 1 1 1 nntc tha eolilipr in tho "hum"
.t.;i v. v.. i, v. i...
viaan, wutio luc lice uiu uiancs liiiu
a guest.
In these days when Bolshevism
spreads like a prairie fire, it is cheer
ing to read of the employes of a great
industry expressing their good will for
the manager, as did the men of tho
Grant Smith-Porter shipyard to Eric
V. llauser. Some workingmen, at
least, do not feel that they are "ex
ploited." The British workman is like a
horse. With ono idea in his head
there is no room for more until it is
displaced. That is the reason strikes
are so overwhelming in Great Britain.
The men, responsible should know
enough after all these years to capitu
late. With cessation of activities of war,
the dry rot in the Army that evokes
petty jealousies and magnifies breaches
of ethics is bound to appear. Initia
tive on the battlefield is commendable
and is rewarded; in offices and bu
reaus it is reprimanded, if not worse.
Every union man in Seattle will not
walk out Thursday, despito assertion
to the contrary. Some of them are
bound to contracts against snap judg
ment and live up to them. Lut enough
will strike to make an unfortunate
affair for the Bolshevik city.
Up in the long-ear .country it's a
joke to locate a rabbit cannery on a
town, but it's all business in putting
one in Portland to handle the tamo
product. With a market for the ani
mals, the hare industry has great
Mr. Benny Leonard, lightweight
champion, turns down Portland as a
place in which to exhibit his skill
with his fists, and Portland will not
grieve at the loss of seeing a one
sided affair at a fancy price.
If claimants against Mexico should
ask a hearing at Paris. Australia may
get back at the United States for ob
structing her claims by claiming a
voice in Mexican affairs notwithstand
ing the Monroe doctrine.
Having lost his job of "cmpering,"
Charles of Austria is said to want a
divorce. No doubt: blame it on tho
woman. Probably Mrs. llapsburg told
him to get another job pronto and
he's afraid of ber.
ProbablJ- the fall in the price of
butter was due in some degree to use
of substitutes. Almost any commodity
ceases to be indispensable when it
gets beyond a certain price.
Seventeen-year locusts are due in
the black prairie states this year, but
science has developed to combat the
invasion. The "birds" make grand
turkey feed.
Belgium wants tho first lien on the
assets. As she was first to feel the
hand of the invader, she has a just
A dentist seldom does the repairs
I on his own teeth. Hurts too much,
I mayBe.
Those Who Come and Go.
Senator T. 13. Rockwell and Repre
sentative W. W. Conner, of Seattle,
were at tho Portland Hotel yesterday,
leaving for Salem early in the after
noon. Both are members of the joint
committee appointed by the Washing
ton Legislature to confer with the Leg
islatures of the three other North
western states in behalf of discharged
soldiers, sailors and marines.
Senator Kockwcll was formerly Tax
Commissioner for the state of Wash
ington. He was much disappointed at
not seeing his old friend. City Attorney
Walter La Korhe. La lioche & Rock
well was the title of a law partnership
In Savannah. Oa., many years ago.
Senator Rockwell visited Jerry Bro-
naugh, local attorney.
John Hampshire, ('.rants Pass con
tractor, is at the Portland. Mr. Hamp
shire has the contract for constructing
10 miles of highway through Cow CreeK
caeyon. between Canyonvllle nnd Oales-
ville, in Douslas County. This road
way is through the L'mpqua forest re
serve: therefore, the state and the Gov
ernraent are sharing the expense. He
says that S20U.000 is being expended
for grading alone, one hue caterpillar
steam shovel nnd many teams of horses
and graders being used.
Sergeant L. H. mlth, who is a vet
eran of the Canadian troops in France
and who was wounded six times, yes
terday received news at the Multnomah
Hotel of the killirig of his brother.
William, which occirrred at the Argonne
woods in September. The sergeant has
never received official notice of the
death of his brother, the news being
contained in a letter from a friend.
Mr. Smith has been in Portland for
some time, giving aid to different war
P. C. Mooney. district manager of
the Pox Film Corporation, with head
quarters in New York, and K. L. Burk,
manager of this firm's Seattle ex
change, are at the Benson. The pair
arc looking after Fox interests in Port
land and were calling on the mananers
of the Majestic. Liberty and Star The
aters yesterday. "The picture game
is going great guns in the Sound City,"
said Burk.
A. W. Kleeb. the Aberdeen. Wash.,
man who is engineering a big deal in
California redwood lands, returned to
the Multnomah yesterday with the
cheering news that his plans were sail
ing right along toward a successful
conclusion. He expects to colonize the
lands as soon as they are cleared.
Miss Eldred Johnson, field secretary
for the National Civil Service Reform
League, left the Multnomah yesterday
morning for Salem, to be present at
the introduction of a bill which pro
poses to put Oregon state employes
under civil service.
Dr. Charles S. Edwards, Prlneville
physician, brought a patient, Mrs. Nel
lie Newson, to St. Vincent's Hospital.
L)r. Kdwards is at the imperial. "We
will have our annual Crook County
Fair in October," said lr. Edwards
William F. "Toggery Eill" Isaacs, of
Medford, is at the Imperial. Isaacs
deals in men's furnishings and says
that business is fine in Southern Ore
gon. ' i
W. C. E. Pruitt, business manager
for Robert X. Stanfield. at Stanficld
Or., is at the Seward convalescing after
being operated on for a broken arch
Frank R. Henius, manager of Henius
& Co., importers and exporters, frs
at the Benson. Henius & Co. have
offices in Portland and Seattle.
J. S. Flint. Junction City, Or., stocli
mTT. brought several carloads of mixed
slock here. He is at the Oregon.
C. R. Scholz, of Pendleton. Coast man
ager for Bankers' Life, of Omaha, Is at
the Seward Hotel.
Harry D. Mills. Butte Falls lumber
man, is registered at the Imperial from
O. D. Colvln. prominent Seattle In
surance man. is in Portland again and
located at the Benson.
T. E. Hulcry, Moro. Or., wheat ranch
er and automobile dealer, is at the Hits
Mrs. Mabel Settlemier. of Woodburn.
Or., is at the Imperial Hotel.
R. K. Booth, Astoria salmon packer,
is stopping at the Benson.
Leslie Butler, Hood River banker, ia
at the Benson.
Captain Hardy Sees Inspiration for Nev
Generation In Nr. j'ltlork'i Life.
PORTLAND. Feb. 3. (To the Ed
itor.) Ono of Portland's brightest or
naments is gone, for H. L. 1'utock has
passed to the far-off shores.
No more will his family and friends
see his smiling face or feel the clasp
of his friendly hand or hear his voice
in welcome, lor his tongue is stilled by
death death that dispossesses us ot
our dear friends and those we hold
most dear to our hearts; death that
cares nothing for the rich, the poor, the
superior and the inferior. Alike all
must go. Though we 6iiall see him no
more, his name and memory we will
reverently serve. His lite and work
shall bo an everlasting monument to
his name and an inspiration to his
family and friends; the name of H. L.
Pittock shall descend with reverence
and respect.
His grave shall bo another of Ore
gon's beauty spots under tho giant firs
on the hills of tho city he loved so
well. His friends and countrymen will
honor his memory nnd will visit his
grave and drop a tear or love and sor
row for him that sleeps beneath the
Portland may well he proud of the
honor of possessing the namo of such
a man. whose energy and enterprise
have done so much to build up a great
city and state. His friends and busi
ness associates will miss htm from their
midst, but can say his was a life well
spent. His service to God. country and
humanity will stand as a tribute for
all time. It was the divine will that
he should be taken from our midst, for
his work on earth had been well done
and he has gone to hi" reward that all
good men are given. He has passed the
shadows that lead from earth to heaven
and as we bid him a last farewell as
his body is consigned to mother earth,
let us all remember him as a kind and
generous friend, a noble man and a
true. American. Let these memories be
for ever enshrined in our hearts and
may they be an inspiration to ns as
well ns to tho coming generation.
To follow this Is the hope and prayer
of his devoted friend.
Marriage After Divorce.
VANCOUVER. R. C. Feb. 1 (To the
Editor.) A person, divorced in Oregon,
moves to British Columbia and Is mar
ried atrain in less than six months from
date of divorce, remaining there a pe
riod of over six months from the date
of divorce and then returns to Oregon.
Will this marriage be legal in Oregon
on the person's return?
It will not be legal. We know of
no way of beating the law which re
quires that at least six months shall
elapse after divorce before the di
vorced person may legally marry atrain.
In the case in question tho marriage
can be legalized by going through a
second ceremony after expiration of
six months, provided an appeal from
the divorce decision has not bean instituted.
The Bolshevik Constitution.
Just what Bolshevism is, according to
Its own definition of Itself, Is shown by
the constitution or fundamental law of
the Russian Socialist Federal Soviet Re
public, as the Bolshevist government
calls itself, which was adopted by the
All-Russian Convention of Soviets on
July 10. 191S. A translation haj been
made, and the following synopsis is
taken from the New York Globe:
Division 1 of the constitution is a
"Declaration of the Rights of the Toil
ing and Exploited People." in which all
power Is bestowed upon the toiling
masses and their authorized representa
tives, the Suviet of Workers'. Soldiers'
and Peasants' Deputies. How the old
order is to be subverted is decreed in
chapter 2 of this division:
Sttinc before i::f the fundamental t.ik
of an end to all i Al;lt:ition .f
m.m by man. of removing the d;v:iun of
so :tv into i ;au'S or merri;-!y suprrFtt
Ini the exploiters, of c:ati!hing a
organization of so. lety. and the victorv .f
socialism In ail countries, the third a.:-Kux-!lin'
l"nninimn of So iels of Workei.'
Soldier" Bnd Peasants' leiu:Ies de-revs as
;. For the purpose of raii7. njr the
principle, of the sot ion of l:mrt. pri
vate ownership in oni is nhol.shcd and
the en:ire land fund is deelared the prop
erty of tli people nnd is turned over to ini
toilers without any indemnity upon the
principle of equalization of land aliotments.
tb. i; forests, mineral wealth, w.ttrr
power and waterways of puhiic importance
as well as ail ilvestoeli and agricultural im
plements, all roodei landed estates and acrl
eitlttiral enterprises are decared national
e. As a. first step to the eomp'ere
transfer of factories, mills, mine, rai.
roads and other means of production and
transportation into property of the Workers'
anil 1'easants Soviet llepualic tho law con
cerning the workers control and eonrern-
ing the supreme Council for National Koon-
omy. which aims at securing the hiwt of
the toilers over the exploiters, is hereby
confirmed. X
id). The third convention of the So
viets conhi.lers the Soviet law comernin
the annulling (repudiation) of loans con
tracted by the governments of the Ovar.
the landlords and the capitalists, as the firt
blow at international banking and
lai capital, and exprtssi.-e the eonvirtion
that Soviet government wnl advance stead
fastly along this path un.U complete vic-
of the international workers against
Ine yoke of capitalism la secured.
The principle of the transfer of a'.T
banks Into tne property of the workers"
and peasants' state, as one of the conul-
ttons of emancipation of the toiling rca--"ss
from the soke of capital, is hereby rml-
if). For the purpose of doing away wtihjwith unaiTected humility, but post
parasitical elements in society and or or
ganizing the economic affairs of the coun
try, universal obligatory labor service Is es
tablished. irl. In order to secure full power for the
toiling masses, and to remove every oppor
tunity for reestablishing the governmen: of
the exploiters, the prinriple of arming the
tollers, of forming a Socialist red army of
the workers and peasants and of completely
(iiharmtrs the property-holding causes is
hereoy decreed.
Division 2 Is devoted to "general
principles." The principal aim of the
constitution is declared to be the estab
lishment of the dictatorship of the
proletariat. Supreme authority is
lodged in the All-Russian Convention of
t-'oviets, and in the interval between
conventions, in the all-Russian central
executive committee. Tho church is
separated fiom the s'ate, the school
from the church, and freedom of reli
gious and anti-religious propaganda is
secured for all citizens. 1 he press is
put in the hands of the working class
Freedcm of assemblage Jis guaranteed.
Education is free. The motto is adopted:
'"He who does not work, neither shall
he eat." t'niversal military service is
mado obligatory. "'The honorable privi
lege of defending the revolvtion with
arms in hand is granted only to the
toilers. L'pcn t'le non-working cle
ric. its other military duties are im
posed." Resident foreigners who are not
"exploiters' n re granted rights of Rus
sian citizenship. Asylum is promised
to political refugees.
Division J is taken up with details
of the machinery of the Soviet govern
ment. Division 4 deals with the voting fran
chise. These are the main pr. visions:
The risht to elect and he elected to mcm
bersnir iu the Soviet is en;oed. independent
of religion, nationally, right of domicile,
etc., by the following citizens of th Kus
slan Socialist Kedcral Soviet republic of
either sex. who up lo date of thi elections
have reached the age of IS years.
(III. A.I llninii nlil, mine th I n. - - n
(of livelihood by productive and socially us-
lul labor as we. I ns persons engaged in
domestic service who thereby enabie the
former lo carry on their productive labors.
Mich as workmen and servants of all kinds
and caicKones engaged in industrv, trade,
a gricul :ure, etc., peasants and i'OKSai'k culti
vators, not tisins hired labor for tlio pur
pose of profit.
b. S.iMters and sailors of the Soviet
army and navy.
in. Cit'zeps who belong to the cate.
gories enumerated in paragraphs (a and
th of this article, but who have lost in
some degree tlieir working capacity.
Note 1. Iv-a I Soviets tuny with the eon
sent of the eentral au'horilv lni r tne a 3
limit for the franchiso csl.vb..e!ied by the
present article.
Note 'J . Among the persons who are not
ratumli'ed cltlr.oTis of Husxia th-. in
Oo'ited in article lO (division J. chapter
en tov also active and passive franchise
Tlie following persons, even if fhey should
belong to any of Hie above mentioned cate
gories, mav reillier elect nor be elected.
ia). Persons using hired labor lor the
sake of seeuring profit.
b. Persons living on unearned Incre
ment sil h a: Interest on capital. Income
from industrial enterprises and property,
c. Trlvate traders, trading and com
mercial agents.
d. Monks and ecclesiastical servants of
churches and religious cults.
le. Employes and agents of the fo-mer
police, of the special corps of gendarne-s
and of br-nehes of serret polire depart
ment, and ulso mcmoers of ihe former leign
ing house of Kussia.
if l. l'ersons. duly recognised as mental'y
afflicted or insune, as well as persons placed
In chnrge of guardians.
tg). l'ersons sentenced for crimes of spec
ulation ami bribery to a term f.zcd by law
or by a judicial (sentence.
Pivlsion S is concerned with the
bpdgrt. It undertakes to snpply the
organs of Foviet government with all
means necessary for the needs of the
republic, "not even hesitatirg at tho
violation of the rights of rrivate prop
erty to Attain this end."
1 i vision 6 describes the coat of arms
and flag of the Soviet republic:
The coat of arms is a gold sickle and
hammer placed crosswise on a red
background in rays of the eun. the
whole surrounded by a wreath of wheat
cars, and with the inscriptions: "Rus
sian S'ocialist Federal Soviet Republic"
nnd "Proletarians of all countries,
unite." The commercial, naval and mili
tary flag is scarlet with the initials
"II. S. F. i. II." in the tipper left corner.
Auto I.leenaes In Orrsos.
VANCOUVER. Warh.. Feb 2. iTo
the Editor.) Kindly inform me it the
state ol Orscon has a recent law re
quiring pleasure cars from Vancouver.
Wash., to carry o.-ec-.ti aulo license in
addition to the Washington license.
1 was stopped on t'nlon. Avenue re
cently by a motorcycle officer who
asked why I did not have an Oregon
license, saying that I was obliged to
get one in addition to my Washington
license, as there was so much trading
in Portland that the authorities wero
determined to put a stop to It.
There Is no such law. Washington au
tomobiles may operate In Oregon under
Washington licenses of the current
year for 30 days before an Oregon li
cense is required.
'oldler'a Wife" la Songht.
PORTLAND. Feb. 3. (To the Edi
tor.) As I had a brother in Company
R. CTth Engineers, who was reported
killed in action October 3. I am very
anxious to get Into communication
with Soldier's Wife, w ho inquired Sun
day about a man In this particular
unit. I will appreciate it very much
if she will call my residence telephone,
Main SiOi. 11. T. BLAIR.
In Other Days.
Twrslj-lUe Years Ago.
From Th Orepor.lsn. Mruarr 4.
Washington. I). C. The silver ques
tion again presented itself to the Houso
today when island, chairman of tho
House committee on silver.-made a fa
vorable report on the bill to coin the
silver in the Treasury.
Northern Pacific flrt-class rates t
Chicago are reduced $7 today, eecond
clas reduced 5 I.
Visalia. Cal. Chris Evans nd Et
Morel, the b.indits. stopped last night
tit Stone's Corral, about 14 miles east
of V;sa.lia. the scene of Evans" and fc?on
lag's capture.
Washington. Representative Her
mann is u-orkiiijr to secure a rehearing
of the old Indian war claims of Oregon
and WaMitngton.
Kiftjr Year Ago.
Front Te Orcconlnn. lVhm.-iry 4. 1 StVV
The enfranchisement of the Indian
of Massachusetts h:s been recommend
ed by ilovi'rnor t"I:i:lin and seconded i m
the Legislature by Mr. Bird. It wiil
probably p.iss.
The county seat "of I'lnntiU.i Conn:-
has been removed to t!:c town of 1'eil
cleton. T-Mvn lots have already been
laid of:" and in a few months Pendleton,
promises to become a thriving place.
Reports from the City Recorder and
Marshal for the month of January,
show tl-.e amount received from lines
and fees to be $103.10.
Miss Vir.nle Roam, sculptor, who ha
just finished a statue of Lincoln, and
Mrs. Elizabeth Cady Stanton, suffragit.
have amused Washington with a lively
tilt over the suffrage question.
Mr. Pittork Effaced Self. hllc He Held
Ip Strong Work.
the Editor.) May another word of ap
preciation be spoken of the distin
guished publisher of Oregon's grea
journal by one who loved and admired
him .' He is not dead either to himself
or to us who own him more than ever
before. True. th blossom has fallen
in the lowered body, but blossoms live
in fruits-. He kept himself out of sigh
ii'.ii'icii ni vi .-tiers noia lip p.ers lor
ships to come and go.
Tnis builaer citizen did not gather
things about him for bis own happi
ness, but made them contribute to tho
general welfare. A true man does not
regard even sleep to be given him just
for his own comfort and resurrection,
hut to gain new power to add to the
common good. He had both strength
and grace. The mountain oak. twisted
and abounding in knots, has strength
to meet the storms, but no beauty. The
violet we protect in our pathway has
beauty, but no strength. Tho Oregon
spruce has both strength and beauty.
Mr. Pittock had the strength of the
Kentish shore in his convictions and
the beauty of the lily in his very face.
The best of the wine he kept for the
end of the feast. What he received and
did in other days did not satisfy a
exactinc appetite craving a diiTerent
and better diet. Heaven is pood in
givii.g us those SO years.
Scots wba hae are called acam,
To light on Flanders field.
And the daisies prow on Logan i:raes.
Rut Scotsmen never yield.
Montgomery's bank-5 and braes are fair
Vv ith Cow ers and heal her bell.
And Highland Mary's rosy lips
Have kissed her last farewell.
And Davie lad's gone doon the burn
And waved his last good-bye.
And Jenny sobs, her bosom heaves.
Whin comiti' through the rj c ;
And I5onr.ivCh3i -lie's noo awa.
The like was never seen.
For. side by side, he's flirhting there
Wi' Jock o" Hazel Iian.
And Allan Water proudTy flows
'Neath Stirling's ancient wail.
Where P.ruce and Wallace fought of old.
And noble deeds recall.
The Millar's daughter, too. Is there.
In the lonely but and ben.
The kiliy lads, now khaki clad.
Are fighting now. as then.
From the Dowie hem of Tarrorc.
And from bonnie Eitrick's Mde.
From Air'.ie's l!rae and fair Sinilimort,
And the bonnie bank o' Clyde.
From the wild and rugged Hebrides.
From Shetland's rock-hound isle.
From shepherd's shiel and caslle hall.
And the Hraes o" Hiilloctimjlc.
The brave, the best, that Fcotiar.d
Have answered to the call.
That the sun shall rise on freedom.
That tyranny must fall.
That man to man the world o'er.
As sang- the bard of A r,
S.hall brothers be. and pence shall reign
On lar.n, and sea, and air.
And when the sum is totaled up
And all subtractioa done.
Ami the green grass waves o'er heroes'
g r.i cs.
Where freedom's cause was won:
When the widow and tho fatherless
Sit by the vacant chair.
Without a doubt it will be found
That Scotland did her share.
Portland. Or.
Communication "Willi Prisoner.
FEATTLE. Wash., Feb. 2. (To the.
Editor.) Kindly enlighten mo as t'
"here and hJ I may get i n format ion
regarding a deserter who was arrested
and sent to aneoij ve.r barracks Octo
ber 2. 1 1 1 In tliero any po.-siblo
way of getting" in toi: h with the pris
oner, and if sentenced, would he 1""
sent to Alcntraz Island?
Tou can get information rcgardirg.'
tho mm by writing direct to "Com-
manding Officer, Vancouver Barrack'
Washington." and giving hfm detail--concerning
the deserter fo far as you.
know them. Most of the military rris-.
oners at present arc being held in the
guaflhou.-cs at tho various Arrcy
camps and are not being s'tit to A!a-.
traz Tsland. This man is probably
In tho guardhouse at Vancouver.
Donnlion Claim Record.
TACOM.A. Wash.. Feb. Z. (T)
Editor.) Where would I find the
ords that contain the accoimt of dona
tion land claims in southvest Washing
ton, from the years IS'jh to 1S60? I un
derstand eiirinK part of this time this
state was part of or.-gon.
In the United S ite Purveyor Gen
eral's Office. Olympia, Wash. The sur
veys, originally psru of record! in this
state, were transferror! to Washington
in the early '50s.
Ana wens to Military Questions.
Correspondents ramod below will
find answers to their military ques
tions in The Sunday Oregonlan Feb
ruary 2. section S, page 3, in replies
to other int'tirers:
J. A. Raymond, concerning 4Sth Reg
iment. C. A.
An Anxious Mother, concerning 16;i
Infant ry.
Anxious Father, concerning ZZd Pio
neer Infantry.
Soldier s Wife, concerning 5Uh Reg
iment. A.
C JA.0tCr' con;crnins 5Uh Regiment