Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 23, 1919, Image 1

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    4fUnmmv Jill
VOL. LiVIII. NO. 18.141).
Recognition Given Bolshe
viki and Other Groups.
U. S. and Aliles Aok Russians
to Meet for Conference.
Official statement Declares There Is
No Wish to Exploit Russia.
Revolution Recognized.
TARTS. Jan. 22. (By the Associated
Press.) Proposal of President Wilson
for dealing with the Russian situation
was formally indorsed today by rep
resentatives of the allied and associ
ated powers, according- to the official
'ommunication isued this afternoon by
the Supreme Council.
In approving ;he President's proposal
the asoeiated powers recognize the
right of the Russian people to direct
their own affairs without dictation
from outside and state that they do not
wish to exploit Russia.
Conference Date Is SuKgeitcd.
The powers invite "all organized
groups in Siberia or within the bounda
ries of European Russia as it stood be
fore the war" to send representatives
lo Princes Islands in the Sea of Mar
mora, for a conference on February 15
with representatives of the associated
powers. Holding of the conference is
provisional upon a truce of arm being
effected meanwhile.
The full text of the official communi
cation issued by the Supreme Council
this afternoon reads:
"The President of the United States,
the Prime Ministers ad the Foreign
Ministers of the allied and associated
' riowcrs and the Japanese representa
tives met at the Quai d'Orsay between
' and 5:3 this afternoon and approved
i ne proposal of President "Wilson,
which reads as follows:
" 'The single object the representa
tives of the associated powers have had
in mind in their discussions of the
rourse they should pursue with regard
to Russia has been to help the Russian
people, not to hinder them or to inter
fere in any manner with their right to
settle their own affairs in their own
Slavs Regarded as Friends.
" 'They regard the Russian people as
their friends, not their enemies, and
::re willing to help them in any way
they arc willing to be helped. It is
clear to them that the troubles and dis
trust of the Russian people will steadily
increase, hunger and privation of every
kind become more and more acute, more
nr.d more widespread and more and
more impossible to relieve unless order
is restored and normal conditions of
iabcr, trade and transportation once
ti. ere created, and they are seeking
some way in which to assist the Rus
sian people to establish order.
" 'They recognize the absolute right
of the Russian people to direct their
own affairs without dictation or dlrec
tion of any kind from outside. They do
not wish to exploit or make use of
Russia in any way.
"They recognize the revolution with
out reservation and will in no way and
in no circumstances ai dor give coun
tenance to any attempt at a counter
iso sines Are Taken.
'It is not their wish or purpose to
favor or assist any one of the or
ganized groups now contending for the
leadership and guidance of Russia, as
against the others. Their sole and
sincere purpose is to do what they can
to bring Russia peace and an oppor
tunity to find her way out of her pres
ent troubles.
"The associated powers now are en
gaged in the solemn and responsible
work of establishing the peace of
Lurope and of the world, and they are
keenly alive to the fact that Europe
and the world cannot be at peace if
Russia is not. They recognize and ac
cept it as a duty to serve Russia as
generously, as unselfishly, an thought
fully, as ungrudgingly as they would
serve any other friend and ally, and
they are ready to render this service
in the way that is most acceptable to
the Russian people.
''In this spirit and with this purpose
they have taken the following action:
They invite every organized group that
is now exercising- or attempting to
exercise political authority or miliary
control anywhere n Siberia or within
the boundares of European Russia, as
they stood before the war just con
cluded, excopt in Finland, to send rep
resentatives, not exceeding three rep
resentatives for each group, to Prince's
Islands, Sea of Marmora, where they
will be met by representatives of the
associated powers, provided in the
meantime there is a truce of arms
among the parties invited and that all
armed forces anywhere sent or di
rected against any people or territory
inside the boundaries of European Rus
sia as they stood oeiore me war, or
ngainst Finland, or against any people
or territory whose autonomous action
is in contemplation in the 14 articles
upon which the present negotiations
are. based, shall be meanwhile with
drawn and aggressive military actions
These representatives are invited to
Iconfer with the representatives of the
issoelated powers in the freest and
t Concluded on Page S, Column 1.
League of Nations Already Exists,
1- srrlcd, Written in Blood
of Common Sacrifice.
TOPLKA, Kan., Jan. 22. Calmly re
ferring to "the next war," Major
(Jeneral Leonard Wood made a strong
appeal before a joint session of the
Kansas Legislature today for a system
of universal training for National de
fense. He outlined what he termed
"thr idea of the great leader who has
gone and or others" and frequently
quoted terse sayings of his fricrd, the
late Theodore Roosevelt.
General Wood said his plan was to
train youths not more than six months.
He pointed out that the Tenth Division
was trained to perfection in four months.
He said the' plan of industrial training
along with military training, as now
being tried out at Camp Funston is en
tirely successful.
The training system, he said, was
similar to that of the present National
Guard system.
"To keep the smallest number of men
in uniform as a standing Army, but to
have the largest number thoroughly
trained to be ready when the country
calls, is the plan.", he said. The pre
diction that therefwill be no wars is
as old as time bur war is like a pes
tilence. It comes unawares and the
ndbst democratic method for a nation
like ours is to be prepared. You can
not massage away by fine rhetoric the
passions of nations whose methods and
morals are entirely differtnt from our
His reference to the "fine league of
nations already existing between Eng
land. France and America not written
in ink, but in the blood of common
sacrifice," brought applause.
Party of 7 2 Faulty Canonn Turned
Over to Americans, to Be Made.
COBLE.N'Z, Jan. 22. tBy the Asso
ciated Press.) The Krupp plant at
Essen began working for the United
States Government today. The task un
dertaken by the Krupps consists of
making parts of 72 incomplete cannon,
rejected by the American authorities
as part of the war material offered
by the Germans under the terms of the
The German commission, which has
been in Berlin considering the question
of the heavy guns turned down by the
American authorities, has arrived at
Coblenz and reported that 80 cannon
have been shipped to the headquarters
of the American Army of occupation
to replace big guns which failed to
meet requirements. With the delivery
of the parts for the 72 cannon and the
arrival of the other 80, the delivery
of heavy artillery to the Americans
will have been completed. The Amer
ican allotment called for 152 heavy
Indiana (ioiornor Issues Statement
Criticising Mr. Burleson.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Jan. 22. Gov
ernor James P. Goodrich, of Indiana,
today placed the resources of his office '
back of the fight of the Indiana Public
Service Commission against the new
long-distance telephone rates ordered
by Postmaster-General Burleson.
He issued a statement criticising
Government control of wire communi
cation systems and Postmaster-General
Burleson's acts.
Denver Buyer Pays 60 Cents Per!
Pound for Champion Animal.
DENVER, Jan. 22. Sixty cents
pound was paid today by a buyer of
Denver for the grand champion indi
vidual fat steer at the Denver Stock
Show. The steer, which weighed 1800
pounds, was sold by the Western Meat
Company, of San .Francisco.
The same buyer paid 27 Vi cents
pound for the grand champion carload
of steers exhibited by M. E. Rhine
smith, of Centennial. Wyo.
Girls Cnder 18 Years. Even Though1
Married, Affected.
STATE CAPITOL.. Salem, Jan. 22.-
( special. J under a Dill introduced to
day by Mrs. Thompson, in the House,
provision is made that any girl under,
18 years of age, even though married.
De consiaerea a minor in so lar as
labor laws are concerned.
under tne taw, as it now stands, a
female under IS, who is married, be
comes legally an adult.
Law to Prosecute AVouId-Be
lutionist Is Lacking.
WARSAW, Jan. 21. (By the Asso
ciated P-ess.) Prince Sapieha, who led
the brief and futile ... . against
the Pilsudski government a fortnight
ago, is still in prison. He will be re
leased when the political situation be
comes settled.
There is no law under which he can
be prosecuted.
New Zealand's Casualties Total
932; Killed 16, 500.
WELLINGTON, New Zealand. via
Montreal. Jan. 22. New Zealand's cas
ualties in the war totaled 57.932, of
whom only 45 were taken prisoner by
the enemy.
The number killed was 16,500.
Threat Made to Shove Al
lies Into White Sea.
Bolsheviki Attack on Main Po
sitions Declared Repulsed.
American Front on Vologda Under
Heavy Bombardment and Knemjr
Is Actively on Offensive.
ARCHANGEL. Jan. 21. tBy the As
sociated Press.) Bolshevik troops are
heavily shelling the farthest south
positions of the American and Rus
sian armies at Ust Padenga on the
Vaga River, 30 miles south of Shen
kursk They are showing considerable
activity west of Shenkursk on the
Tania River.
It has been impossible to determine
whether the attack will develop on a
greater scale. The enemy has moo
ilized the peasants in the vicinity of
Vilsk and apparently Is prepared for
a general offensive in the Shenkursk
Allied Oarnontn Driven In.
Sunday the enemy, under cover of
heavy bombardment, attacked with In
fantry the American and Russian posi
tions at Ust Padenga. The allied out
post withdrew, but the Bolshevik at
tack on the main positions was re
pulsed with heavy losses.
There has been no infantry action
since, though there has been a con
stant rain of sheila on the village.
The American artillery 1" vigorously
Yesterday, flying in a temperature
of IS degrees below zero, one Amer
ican airplane bombed the enemy and
secured direct hits on important Bol
shevik positions.
The fighting is going on in coir",
clear weather, but the temperatur.- is
so low that it Is difficult for the In
fantrymen to remain in the open any
length of time.
Bolsheviki on Offensive.
The Bolsheviki also are shelling the
American positions on the Vologda
railway. With the exception of a few
days early In January, when the allied
forces attempted to improve their po
sitions southward on the Kadish rail
road, and on the Onega sector, the of
fensive on the Archangel front for sev-
I (Concluded on Page 2. Column 1.) tConcluded on Page ("otumn 1. (Concluded on Pass 1
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Off's- Casualty Report.
NOTON. Jan. 22. Casualty
s today contain, in addition to
c A,
ons. 3(9 names, 69 killed. 43 died
jnd. 23 or areiaeni u uvuiomi.
disease. 117 wounded severely and
nlasing In action. Following: is the
mmary of casualties to date:
Killed In action....
Lost at sea
Died of mounds...
Died of disease....
Died of accident...
Reported. Today. Total.
. . . o0.04S
. .. 12. 0
. . 18.202
. . . 'J.5.19
89 30.144
43 I - 632
97 18.20
23 2.5S2
232 R4.0-'S
117 134.210
20 13.400
! 211. tlu
Total deaths as.T'.MJ
Wounded 134.102
Miaslng and prisoners. . i:;.:ts'.
casualties . . .211.2S7
Itleri nf ilitrai
Dennis. Newman V
-a.r fa-
Kitzmaurice. MIohn D. (tigf
Condon. Or.
White. Allen C Klrrky. Or.
-mult-it severrlj
Nottingham, William K. (I.t.i. Carlton. Or.
Wnnnded. decree undetermined (previously
reported killed)
Gardner, Herman, North Bend. Or.
Died of wounds
Hughes. Thomas. Seattle. Wash.
Horn. V. J.. Rldgerield. Wash.
Died or disease
Chaussee Wllford P.. Pacific. Wash.
Sorensen. Anton B.. North Yakima, Wash.
IVouaded he errlj
Kloe. Stephen M. (8gt. ) . Klanwoorf. Wash.
Killed in art ion (previously reported mis.
Cameron, Thomas (Met-h.t, Seattle. Wash.
Wounded, undetermined (previously re
ported missing)
Wachlman, t'ullis K., Taeoms. Wash.
Returned to duty (previously reported
Anderson, Herman 1 . Seattle, Wash.
Mowing In action
Enright. Stephen A. (Cpl.). Hlllyard. Wash.
in Hit
Killed in action
Nlbak. J. A.. Kellog
Died ol wounds
Sherrer, Ray E.. Payette
Mounded severely
Small. Sylvester J.. Sand Point, Idaho.
Returned to duty (previously reported
Hampton. Marlon ('. Franklin. Idaho.
Killed in action
Ross. A. 8. (t.t.). Birmingham. Ala.
Macon, P. A., Wetumpka. Al.
Died of wounds
Petiland. D. A., Triuna, Ala.
Died of disease
Kennedy. Vernon B.. Clayton, A a.
Buchanan. Benjamin. Hetlln. Ala.
Darker. Oliver. Demopolls, Ala.
Sharp, Richard A.. Scottaboro. Ala.
Killed in action
Sltz. Shelby. Canton. Ark.
Died of disease
Lay, Cleveland, Joneaboro. Ark.
Davis, Ellhugh. Cottonplant. Ark.
Salsbury, Nathaniel, Springfield, Ark.
Killed in action
Davis. T. A.. Estrella, Cal.
Died of wounds
Stutsman. R. L... Santa. Rosa. Cal.
Kroeker, Henry, Keedley, Cal.
Killed in notion
Davis, D. H.. Denver, Colo.
Died of disease
Uwmin, Fred C . Haxton. Colo.
CONN KCT ' 1 I i
Died of disease
Sargis, Isrell, New Britain. Conn.
X-'f AMK1DA.
Died f dlsea.c
Smith. Olax. Zellwood. T
Killed In action
lvle. W. H. ILl.l. Montezuma, -a.
W:'son, Homer. Atlanta, Oa.
Died from accident
Wlggs. Wallle W . Vldalia. lis.
Died of disease
Smith. Clark, Hastings, Ca.
Killed in action
Jewel, Bonnie I... Cornland. III.
Freund. H. A., Hoffman. III.
Fregeau. A. J.. Kankakee. Ill
Bennett. Andrew, Makenda, Ill
Died of wounds
MrQuaid. Arthur (t.t.). Chicago.
Storer. W. D . Jr. ( I.t. I. Chicago.
Rlihannfon. R. R. . Urtin. III.
McCaffey. Bernard, Chicago. III.
-sZr&!B rWTLALV '71
III s d L ""l ?
Interests at Home Said to
Be Sadly Neglected.
President's Ostentatious Dis
play Abroad Attacked.
SenaNir I. enroot Declares Peace Con
ference Ceremony Doing Much
to l'eed Bolslicv .
WASHIMIT .N. ,.,n 22 CrtUCteZ. of
i resident vvuaon ana r ooa .vaminisira.
tor Hoover was continued today in the
donate during debate on the Adminis
tration bill appropriating $100,000,000
for food relief in Europe, and the Sen
ate again failed to reach a vote. Dis
position of amendments waa begun,
however, and Administration leaders
hope to pass the measure tomorrow.
Without a record vote, the Senate re
jected the amendment by Senator Pen
rose, of Pennsylvania, Republican, pro
viding for distribution of the fund by
a committee to be named by the Presi
dent, subject to confirmation by the
Senate, and to be responsible to Con
gress. t
soldiers- Bonus Rejected.
The amendment by Senator Ashurst.
of Arizona, Democrat, authorizing a
bonus of 60 days' pay to privates and
non-commissioned officers discharged
from the Army, met a similar fate. Sen
ator Ashurst vainly sought a record
vote and said he would again call up
the amendment for final disposition.
Senator Townsend, of Michigan. Re
publican, led the attack on the Presi
dent, declaring that hia absence was
causing neglect of interest at home and
delaying emergency legislation. He also
I asserted that the President was the
i only American peace commissioner and
I hat he was not keeping the country
informed as to his plans.
ouference Pomp Deplored.
While supporting the bill. Senator
Ltenrool, of Wisconsin. Republican, said
he was sorry that the President had
not remained in Paris when he went
there. He deplored "ostentatious dis
play" and emphaaising of class distinc
tion, which he said was displayed dur
ing Mr. Wilson's visit, especially to
f.ngland. and said the "pomp and cere
mony" attending the peace conference
' Is doing Just as much to feed
Column 2.)
Irovernor Wlthjcombe Affixes sign
ature lo Act Immediately Fol
lowing lis Parage.
STATE CAPITOL Salem. Jan. 22.
( Special. ) After a particularly stormy
career In the Senate, the soldiers' re
lief bill, providing for an appropriation
of $100,000 for emergency relief to re
turned soldiers, sailors and marines,
finally was passed In both House and
Senate today and became a law upon
its approval shortly after by Governor I
After having passed the Senate yes
terday with an amendment providing
that soldiers should furnish such per
sonal data to the soldiers' relief com
mission as that body should demand,
the bill was halted In the House, where
members refused to concur In the Sen
ate amendment. House members
branded the amendment as an insult
to the soldiers and to the House
A conference committee of both
houses recommended the elimination of
the objectionable amendment, and their
report was adopted without further
SIxty-FrTth Artillery and Idaho Cas
uals Sail From Prance.
ington. Jan. 22. The 65th Artillery,
which was formed from Coast Artillery
troops stationed at Columbia River and
Puget Sound fortifications, sailed from
Brest on the transport Haverford Janu
ary 15, the War Department announced
today. This transport should reach thia
country about January 30. There are 60
officers and 1346 men In the regiment.
Casual Company No. 130. composed of
three officers and 149 men from Idaho,
sailed for home on the transport Sus
quehanna from St. Nasaire Januarv 17.
and will land at Newport News Janu
ary 30.
Late Legislator s wire Did .Not Hear
of Husband's Death.
STATE CAPITOL. Salem. Jan. 2;
i Special. ) Word was brought to Salem
tonight that Mrs. J. T Stannard. wife
of the late Representative Stannard.
of Curry County, succumbed this morn
ing from pneumonia, following influ
enza. Representative Stannard died last
week at Bandon, while en route to Sa
lem to attend the session.
Mrs. Stannnard died at the family
home in Gold Reach without learning
of her husband's death. They leave four
small children.
Llsteon Barber and Blache Schner
inger Miirrv at Vuncnnvrr.
VANCOUVER. Wash.. Jan. tJX cm -cial.)
Perhaps the youngest husband
in the United States, at least. Is Llsteon
S. Barber, 1C years old, who was m: -
rled here today to Mrs. Blanche M.
Schneringer. 25 years of age.
The youth had the consent of his
parents. It is unusual for a boy of 16
years to be married here.
Liquor Fines Total $!.".-..
Violators of the prohibition lam- were
fined 453 when brought to trial yes
terday afternoon In Municipal Court
Lee Ting Chin, an ex-soldier, who was
arrested at the Union depot with a
suitcase filled with Ohlnese gin. was
fined 150. C. R. Davis, from San Fran
cisco, was fined $30. L. L. Kartell, a
colored porter, was fined 125; C U
Fredrespl $150 and Theodore Anderson
$100 for having liquor in their posses
sion. Bend Ha Policewoman.
BEND. Or, Jan. 22 (Special.) The
first woman police officer to serve in
this city took her place as a member
of the force today when Mrs. Anna
Curry was deputized by Chief of Po
lice A. W. Nixon. Mrs. Currv has
been employed as truant officer for the
Bend schools.
The Heather.
TESTERDAT-S Maximum temperature. 81
degrees: minimum. 4ft degrees.
TOUAV S Rain; southerly wind..
Official casualty list. Page 1.
oi eiga.
Bolsheviki launch drive against allies on
Archangel front. Page 1.
Powers offer to treat srlth Russia. Page 1.
Socialists have only plurality in lierman
lections. Pago 2.
Hollweg praises Wilson peace programme.
Definite plana laid for ax-Kaiser's trial.
Page 3.
Trade-union plans approved by British.
Pag 6.
Wllaon'a long ahaenco deplored. Page 1.
Military training for " war" urged by
General Wood. Page L
t ports.
Rokm Fa,weett wrltaa ltvtereatlngly to Ore
gon boys "over there Page 14.
raraage of physical-training measura fore
cast. Pag 14.
Syndicalism hill opposed by labor Pag 1.
I Soldiers' relief bill paaaea both Houses.
Page 1.
Klood of Insurance bills before House.
Page .
Income tax sought for road building. Page C
Washington Legislature alma at belter high
ways. Page I.
pacific Northwest.
Prospect for striae aettlement Is remote.
Psue 20.
Astoria rainfall greateat ever known In ctt'
history. Page -ju.
Commercial and Marine.
Standard stocks Improve and specialties
weaken. Page t.
Willamette River above flood stage. Taga SO.
Portland and Vicinity.
Sad tale of self-confessed bootlegger told
f-ederal official i-aue la.
Waather report, data and forecast. Page
I City housing code paaaed by Council. Page is.
Influenza death rata rises. Page 22.
I'trout issued lot building dams. Pag 13.
Backfire Is Set on Kubli
Dimick Measure.
Vicious Use of Proposed Law
Declared Possible.
Krprr-cntutic Smith Kcplirs m Sab
olagc Act With Mi II Directed
at Commercialism.
STATE CAPITOU Salem. Jan. 22.
(Special.) Labor representatives in the
Legislature have set a backfire on the
i rvuun-i iimii-K criminal sy ndicaiisin Dili
and are prepared to fight It to the fin
ish. They promise that before they are
through the legislature will have soaM
new ideas on the subject. The principle
of the Kubli-Dlinick measure Is admit
ted as good, but the labor people con
tend that the bill, if enacted, can be
used viciously.
As a reply to the criminal syndical
ism measure Representative. K. E.
Smith, of Multnomah, former president
of the Central Labor Council, has sub
mitted House bill No. 31 on criminal
commercialism. Tonight Representa
tives Smith and Home appeared before
the Judiciary committee to attack the
Kubli-Dlmlck bill, and advocated a fa
vorable report on the Smith bill. This
is the second time that these labor rep
resentatives have taken up the subject
with the Judiciary committee.
Meaanre Held Inadequate.
When the bills come to the House for
third reading the fireworks will start.
Mr. Kubll will make a determined fight,
contending that his measure Is to curb
the I. W. W. and the Bolsheviki. He
will declare it was designed to sup
press unpatriotic agitators and sabot
age. He will point out that similar
laws are in effect in Montana and Idaho
and that prosecutions have been suc
cessful under them.
Mr. Smith will declare that the t w
W. Is rampant In Montana and that tha
law apparently does not touch the seat
of trouble. The last two sections of tha
Smith bill are identical in language to
the last two sections of the Kubli
Dlmick measure.
Strange enough. Messrs. Hume and
Smith have received word from the L
W. W. not to oppose the K ubli-Oimick
bill, the "Wobbllea" desiring to maker
capital out of the measure.
Labor Protection Is laked.
Under the Kubll-Dlmick bill the la
bor men contend that a union meeting
voting a strike would subject all mem
bers present to punishment. If plaster
ers struck, the plaster ready for spread
ing would harden and spoil and under
the bill the striking plasterers would
be guilty of sabotage. After mulling
over the criminal syndicalism bill for
a week, Mr. Smith devised the back
fire, counter Irritant, anti-toxin or
whatever it may be called.
The Smith bill places the shoe on the
other fool and is intended to give mem
bers of the Legislature something to
think abouL If the Kubli-Dlmick bill
curbs the Bolsheviki, the Smith bill
hits Just as hard at employers' asso
ciations, business firms and anyone
who interferes with labor lav .-.
salt a Hill Outlined.
An Idea of the scope of the Smith
bill is shown by the following excerpts.
"Criminal commercialism is the prac
tice which indulges in and advocates
the change, amendment of existing or
future labor laws safeguarding the
health, safety and well-being of the
laboring men and women of the state
of Oregon in any manner, for profit
or other purpose, excepting as provided
by law.
"The disruption or attempted disrup
tion of any legal and lawful organiza
tion of mi'n, women, or men and V-otzacp
associated together for the purpose of
peacefully anl legally bettering wage-
and the working conditions of working:
men and women and children in Indus
try, for profit or otherwise.
"The entering into secret acreement
or the advocacy of the same with intant
to drive from a competitive field a per
son or persons engaged In the same line
of business as those conspiring again
them, fftr profit or other purpose."
Other crimes defined are monopoly
or attempted monopoly achieving or at
tempting to achieve the reduction of
the purchasing power of wages prior
to reduction in cost of cvery-day neces
sities, thereby depreciating the v;j
of and labor power of any wage etvrrv r.
Conditions lo Be I -
Commercial sabotage is defined to
consist of falae and malicious reporV
made and spread of a competitor's
goods, with Intent to profit or win
other purpose. When Messrs. c.tiith
and Horne begin their talk on sabola..
of the commercial variety they promi.
to expose conditions in restaurant
kitchens. In the Kront-street commission-houses
and various other placus.
Commercial sabotage which will bo
dealt with by the: labor spokesi;reu
will be the practice of firms sending
large quantities of good fruit and
vegetables to the municipal inulnerator
and having the stuff destroyed In ocdvr
to create an artificial shortage In tlast
commodity and keep up prices.
Criminal commercialism, contend the
labor representatives, leads to the ac-
l.vo.luJcd ou l'a.v ti. '.'ultima 2. i