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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 9, 1919)
VOL. LVIII. NO. 18,137.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, JANUARY 9, 1919.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FflUP j WILSON TO WAIVE HIGH
ruu" RANK AT PEACE TABLE
PORTLY COP' STAR
IN. r NATIONAL FILM
BRITISH LABOR PARTY
TAKES HIGH POSITION
PRESIDENT PREFERS TO ACT
IX HOLE OF V. S. PREMIER.
'J.j?- ,KIXG' AVILL BE SHOWS
i' VARIOUS. FORMS.
CONTINGENT NOW LARGEST
WILLIUM I BRYON
FINISH BERLIN JOB
WITH SIMPLE RITES
Socialist Leaders Convict
ed in Chicago.
ALL FACE TERMS IN PRISON
Necessity of Clean-Up
SITUATION IS GROWING WORSE
Clemenceau Informed American Ex
ecutive Will Not Appear-as
Head of Government.
PARIS, Jan. 8. The Temps says H Is
able to state that President Wilson has
officially Informed Tremler Clemen
ceau that he does not desire to be con
sidered at the Deace congress as the
head of a state, but only as the Prime
Minister of his state.
The Temps says the United States
Constitution makes the President not
only the head of the state, but the head
of the Government, and that President
Wilson will claim only the right to the
prerogatives of the last-named posi
tion at the peace conference.
NEW TRIAL IS DEMANDED vice. President Wilson could not be SHOWDOWN BELIEVED NEAR
forced to tako a full day's rest today.
I-ate this afternoon he walked with
Mrs. Wilson to the headquarters of the
Men Held to Have Violated!
U. S. Espionage Law.
Question of American Inter
Ttrpresenlatlve-F.Icct From Milmau- American mission, where he had a
short conference, iraring wm wi
kce Expresses Surprise and Will
Accept Fate I.Ike Man.
CHICAGO, Jan. 8. Five leaders of
nr.iiH.nt was recognized by me
crowds and returned their greetings.
The President spent a quiet and
restful morning. He saw no one om-
clally and his only activity was some
riirtatinn to his stenographers. Al-
IIopc Is Indulged That Moderates
Will Get Upper Hand and End
Menace of Bolshevism.
by a Jury after five hours nd 5" I dent did not go out to play golf.
minutes deliberation In Keileral Judge
Landls' court today of conspiracy to
violate the espionage law by delivering
public speeches and circulating pu
lishert articles with the wilful intent
of causing Insubordination, disloyalty I Colonel Reviews Hook on Pheasants
. n.l refusal of duty among the mili
ib' AUTHOR GETS T. R. LETTER
tary and naval forces of the United
States and with interfering with the
recruiting service and the enforcement
of the selective draft law.
The men fuund guilty are:
Victor I. P.erger, Representative
lect from Milwaukee, and editor of the I during
Adolph Germer. National secretary
of the Socialist party.
J. Louis Kmrdahl. editor of the
American Socialist, official publication
of the Socialist party.
All Fare Prlaoa Terms.
William F. Kruse. National secretary
of the Young People's Socialist League,
Shortly Before Heath.
NEW YORK, Jan. 8. Although suf-
BT CTRIL BROWN.
the Socialist party were found guilty though the weather was fair, the Presi-1 (Copyright by the New York World. Pub.
iiiMiru uy armnrmem. I
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY OF
OCCUPATION, Jan. 8. (Special Cable.)
News reaching Coblenz Indicates such
intense gravity In the situation at Ber
lin that the highest military authorities
here are following it and awaiting fur
ther developments with the most in
tense Interest. The bulk of the field
Army, too, is one edge, discussing the
possible necessity for armed American
The correspondent In these quarters
has heard the opinion expressed that
Germany would have to be left to stew
in her own Juice and fight out her in
ternal conflict herself and restore or
der, for the present at least, without
the possibility of military intervention
entailing American participation.
Showdown Believed Near.
The opinion, however, appears to have
been scouted. Another now is being
expressed that things in Berlin are
hastening toward a showdown, and that
fering almost constantly from his long
standing ailment Inflamatory rheuma
tism Colonel Roosevelt not only kept
up his public writings, but found time
the last ten days of his life
m dicrst a ilO.OOO-word volume on
pheasants written by w llllam Beene.
of the New York Zoological Park,, of
which he intended to write a review.
On the day before his death, he wrote
to Mr. F.eebe pointing out certain errors
In the classification of species which
he suggested should be corrected in
subsequent edition. The book was sent
Mayor Baker and Council Approve
Pictures in Connection With
Many a "cop" has starred in the ca
tastrophes of the comic films, but Port
land patrolmen of the traffic depart
ment lay claim to being the first of
their clan To become genuine producers
of motion picture drama, with chance
pedestrians and motorists Impressed as
Under direction of Sergeant Frank
Ervin, of the motorcycle squad, films
are being taken daily on downtown
streets for use in the "safety first" edu
catlonal campaign. Authorized by
Mayor Baker and the City Council, the
pictures will be shown in all local mo
tion picture and vaudeville houses, and
later in the public schools. Captain
Harms and Sergeant Lewis, also of the
traffic department, are other members
of the producing staff.
When the traffic patrolmen assigned
to motion-picture duty see anyone
available for the scenario of hair
breadth escapes they call them into the
pictures. Some of these are entitled
"jaywalking." "the abstracted pedes
trian," "perils of failure to give right
of way" and 'how cutting a corner
called the ambulance." The arrival of
the patrol auto and the ambulance lend
realism to the films.
At least 600 feet of film will be taken
portraying traffic accidents and perils,
and many stereopticon views will sup
plement the motion pictures. The work
of "shooting the scenes" will occupy
two months, it is estimated.
Ex-President Laid to Rest
on Snow-Covered Knoll.
ALL CLASSES BOW IN GRIEF
in St. John Tucker. Socialist by Mr. Beebe to Colonel Roosevelt the u ,ook8 as ,f the moderates ouId get
'writer and lecturer, formerly director
of the literature department of the
Socialist party, and author of anti-war
The convicted men face prison terms
of from one to -0 years, fines of from
day before Christmas.
This, one of the last letters written
by Colonel Roosevelt, was received 14
hours after his death.
the upper hand and end the menace of
Bolshevism In Germany.
In some of the combat divisions the
beting Is 50-50 that Americans will soon
or late be forced into Germany to help
restore order. The chamuions of mili-
11000 to 810.000. or both, at the dfscre-ITWn MFW DF 91 ST RETURN tary intervention view the future with
t on or the trial juagc. wno win iix
the punishment later.
Attorneys for the defendants Imme
diately presented a motion for a new
trial. Judge Landls fixed January 23
as the date when he will hear argu
ments on this motion. The five de
fendants were taken In custody In the
courtroom, but a few minutes later
were released on their old bonds of
$10,000 each. Seymour Stedman. chief
counsel for the defendants, declared
that the case will be appealed to the
United States Supreme Court if neces.
axy to keep his clients out of prison.
Ro.nHI'i Memory Honored.
The Jury halted in Its labors for five
minutes at 11:45 A. M. out of respect
to the memory of Theodore Roosevelt.
Out In the corridor the defendants.
their lawyers and friends were ordered
by the bailiffs to remove their hats
while the city paid Its respect to the
x-President and statesman.
With the exception of Berger. who
appeared nervous. the defendants
listened to the reading of the verdict
without a sign of emotion.
"The verdict is a surprise to me. I
was certain that the Jury would acquit
us on the case made out by the Gov
ernment. I am no more guilty of this
charge than the Judge on the bench.
I have been a citizen of this country
and stood for the principles for which
I have been tried for 3? years. Now If
I am to be persecuted for them, I shall
accept my fate like a man."
Wounded Corporal and Companion
Arrive in Vancouver.
VANCOUVER. Wash., Jan. 8 (Spe
clal.) Sergeant W. W. Dismukes and
Corporal Freeman, of the 91st Division,
In France, arrived here last night for
brief visit before going to Camp
Lewis, to be mustered out.
During the charge through the Ar-
nuxed emotions. On the one hand, men
are eager to get home as early as pos
sible and are not edified at the prDS-
;ect of more hard clean-ut) work, on
the other hand, many of our men feel
that they are stuck here for a long,
hard occupation anyway and had Just
soon be on the forward move as
marking time on the Rhine.
American Area Well Held.
The correspondent was informed from
MOTHER AND SONS BURNED
Colville Home Set on Fire by Over
COLVILLE, Wash.. Jan. 8. Mrs. Wil
liam Waltenberg and two sons. George
and. Arnold, aged 3 and 9 years, respec
tively, were burned to death in their
home here this morning, and another
son, Lawrence, aged 7 years, was so
badly burned he is not expected to re
cover. Another son, 13 years of age, and a
daughter, aged 11. were taken by their
13-year-old brother from the house,
which was set afire by an overheated
stove. The father, with two older
children, was employed in a lumber
camp at Tiger, Wash., near here.
Nation's Great Join With Vil
lagers in Final Tribute.
WAR FLAGS DRAfE CASKET
Soldier Guard of Honor Stays by
Grave After Interment Mrs.
Roosevelt's Plans Unsettled.
OHIO GIANT DIES AT 74
a in Vi
ates SnccMubs at Home in
gonne Forest, r reeman was wounoea i a nign military source inai mere is not
ind Sereeant Dismukes assisted him I the slightest prospect of an outbreak
from the battle field. Freeman picked I -omludl on Page 2. Column 1.)
up a limb of a tree on the battle field,
and made himself a cane with it, which
he carries now.
MEDINA. O.. Jan. 8. Captain Martin
Van Buren Bates, 74, world famous as
a giant, died at his home at Seville,
near here today. Bates, who toured
he world with a circus, was seven feet
four inches tall and weighed 360
He was married twice, his first wife I
being over eight feet tall.
OYSTER BAT. N. T., Jan. 8. Theo
dore Roosevelt lies at rest tonight
beneath a cemetery knoll on the ram
bling rural highway along which he
traveled so many times in boyhood
and manhood between the Sagamore
Hill house which was his home and
the quiet village of Oyster Bay.
Perhaps no other ex-President of the
United States has been paid the tribute
of so simple a funeral as the one which
was given Colonel Roosevelt this after
noon on the shore of Long Island
Sound. Military and naval honors were
not his in death, only because it had
been his wish and that of his family
that the last rites be surrounded only
with the simple dignity that might at
tend the passing of a. private citizen.
Noted Mourners Present.
But the American Nation and foreign
governments as well sent representa
tives, as did also the state and city in
which he was born. These noted men
sat sorrowfully in the pews of the
littlo red-gabled Christ Episcopal
Church, while brief services of prayer
and scripture readings were held with
out a eulogy in which so much might
have been said. There was no singing
or organ playing.
It was noon when, at the Sagamore
Hill hoiAestead, all of Colonel Roose
velt's family, except two of the sons,
Lieutenant-Colonel Theodore Roose-
vt.lt, Jr., and Lieutenant Kermit
Roosevelt, who are soldiers in Europe,
assembled for a few moments of pri
vate prayer at the side of the casket
in which lay the body. Draped over
the casket were battle flags under
which the Colonel fought as a Rough
Rldsr on Cuban soil more than 20
years ago. Rev. George E. Talmage,
rector of Christ Church, said the words
v.-hich were the final ones spoken for
Position of Official Opposition to
Government Assumed -Leader
Formerly a Miner.
LONDON, Jan. S. (British Wireless
Service.) The English Labor party has
decided to accept the responsible po
sition of official opposition to the gov
ernment. This is a landmark In Eng
lish Parliamentary history.
The Labor party's position as the
largest body outside of the coalition
has entitled It to this distinction, and
its leaders will take their seats on the
front opposition bench as the alterna
tive combination to the Ministry of
the day. At the same time, though the
Laborites have the numerical ad
vantage, it is to be remembered that
there are numerous Liberals in the
coalition and that the total number of
Liberal members of Parliament is well
in excess of the total number of La
The leader of the new opposition will
be William Adamson, representing West
Fife, who worked as a miner for 27
years. He has strongly supported the
government in the prosecution of the
John Robert Clynes. who held the
office of food controller is to be deputy
leader. He withdrew from the govern
ment in compliance with the Labor
executive's decision. Both of these
members are looked upon as moderates.
Removal of Federal Agent
Urged in Resolution.
MARIE EQUI INQUIRY ASKED
Alleged Attack on Woman Is
Topic of Constderation.
LIFT SHIP BARRIER, PLEA
Convention Goes on Record Favor
ing "New Irish Republic" and
Proposed League of Nations.
(Concluded on Page
RAIN OR SNOW LACKING
First Week in January Presents Un
usual Weather Record.
For the first time since official
weather records were begun here, in
1S71, the first week in January passed
without the occurrence of rain or snow
according to Meteorologist Wells. No
precipitation has occurred since De
cember 29, and there have been onlj
five days with precipitation since De
cember 14, constituting an unusual
Though today's prediction is for con
tinued cold, with increasing cloudiness
and fresh easterly winds, there is room
for speculation in the forecast for rain
today in Western Washington. Such a
storm, say pioneer weather observers,
may well find its course down the coast
and break the Oregon cold spell with a
"change of weather." The maximum
temperature yesterday was 43 degrees
and the minimum was 31 degrees.
LET'S GIVE 'EM SOMETHING MORE SUBSTANTIAL THAN A MERE WELCOME.
IDAHOANS RECEIVE JOBS
Governor Davis Names Jay Gibson
BOISE, Idaho. Jan. 8. (Special.)
Governor Davis today announced the
appointment of Jay Gibson, of Coeur
d'Alene, as state bank commissioner to
succeed RusselljG. Hitt, of Idaho Falls, i
The nosltlon nava 34000 yearly. Com-I
missloner Gibson was associated with
Governor Davis In the banking busi
ness at American Falls.
State Game Warden Jones announces
the appointment of W. D. Parkhurst. of
American Falls as chief deputy and
George H. Isaacs, of Pocfttello, as sup
erintendent of hatcheries.
BERGCR -YELLOW" SOCIALIST DEBT OFFERED TO STATE
Believe in Bolshevism.
CHICAGO. Jan. 8. Victor L. Berger
Is "a yellow, a "constructive or his
torical" Socialist. lie doesn't believe in
Bolshevik tactics. lie thinks the I. W
Vf. is "a persecuted labor organization,'
but doesn't believe in sabotage. He
ays be believes In upholding the laws
and is "pro-American."
The Milwaukee Congressman-elect,
on trial for violation of the espionage
act in Federal Judge Landls' court, was
last of the defendants to Take the
stand, and probably the principal figure
in the Socialist movement In the coun
try. The veteran publisher-politician
by his testimony attempted to put So
cialism itself on trlaL Talking with a
broad German accent, he delved into
every phase of radicalism.
R-.garding I!oI.shevlm, he said:
"Capitalism succeeded the feudal
system and it will be succeeded in turn
by Socialism. But It must come grad
ually. If you try to bring Socialism In
overnight, as the Bolshevik! did in
ItUMia. you will simply, to use a com
mon expression, 'raise hell.""
Then he went on to explain:
There are two schools of Socialism,
tie historical and the hysterical. They
call the historical branch the 'yellows.'
I belort; to the historical. The ilolshe
vikl confiscate property, but my theory
Is to get control gradually and pay as
you go. The present outcome of com
petition has been the trusts. Tou can't
bust them. My Idea is'to buy them."
And "constructive Socialism" he de
fined: "Sooia'lsm means 'rule by alL"
Then. In contrasting Socialism with
the I. W. W.. at the same time express
ing sincere sympathy for the latter,
"They are In Bt way related. So
cialism Is a political movement: the
.t'-tmc.uiUtl us . Cwiuiua
Clarke County Seeks Relief on
Bridge Bond Issue.
VANCOUVER. Wash.. Jan. 8. (Spe
cial.) The Vancouver Commercial Club
at a meeting tonight unanimously went
on record favoring the absorption by
the state of Washington of Clark
County's Indebtedness on the Colum
bia River interstate bridge. Of the
1500.000 bonds Issued, approximately
8100.000 has been paid.
The Commercial Club voted to send a
delegation to Olympia to urge the nec
GERMAN LOAN IS DENIED
Southern Products Company Men
tioned in Propaganda Hearing.
DALLAS, Tex.. Jan. 8. The Southern
Products Company, which was men
tioned In a hearing before the Senate
committee Investigating German prop
aganda as having participated with the
Chase National Bank of New York in
loan of $3,000,000 to the German gov
ernment, today denied any knowledge
of such a loan.
The company is owned chiefly by
WAR POLICIES TO CHANGE
Conversion Into Peace Time Insur
ance lo Start in 60 Days.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 8. Conversion
of war risk lnsurar.ee into permanent
pe ice time policies will be started
within 60 days.
Colonel Henry V. Lindsloy, head of
the War Risk Insurance Bureau, an
nounced today that schedules of rates
and forms of policies had been com
pleled. to be announced shortly. Nearly
four million persens hold policies
which may. be converted, '
! . : : u . i
Tim 7u miMl J . 41 M I
i i i ax:n m.i i t srv i t
J WY JPr TO DO ABOUT TH tS ? It
END OF BLOCKADE TOPIC
Wilson Said to Favor Relaxation of
. Grip on Germany.
(CopyriEht hy the New York World. Pub
lished by arrangement. )
LONDON, Jan. 8. (Special Cable.)
In the preliminary conferences between
President Wilson and the heads of the
allied countries, it is said that the Pres
ident will emphasize the necessity of
relaxing the blockade against Germany.
The world correspondents were in
formed tonight that informal discus
sion of this subject already is under
way in Paris, but that until the first
conference is convened no new policy
will be formulated.
During the last three weeks much in
formation has been gathered by the
American and allied nations on internal
conditions in Germany, which probably
will have a prompt effect on the delib
TAKEN BY 1
IMPORTANT ACTIONS T.4
ORKfiO.N STATE Fl
TIOX OK LABOR AT A.- I
.M'AI. CONVENTION. I
Demanded removal of William
R. Bryon, special agent .Depart- J
nient of Justice, and a further t
investigation of the case of Dr. I
Marie Equi. J
Appealed to Emergency Fleet
Corporation to rescind action In
canceling contracts for building 1
wooden ships in the Oregon dis-
Recognized the new republic of t
Ireland as proclaimed by the Sinn I
Feiners, and urged Oregon's del- J
egation in Congress to support t
move for National recognition. t
Declared for weekly payday in
all Industrial enterprises, regard
less of the number of
Requested state legislation that
will prohibit white girls from
working in Oriental restaurants ?
Adopted a reconstruction pro- ?
gramme demanding remunerative j
employment for every man seek-
ing work, abolition of public J
work by private contract, a grad-
uated super-tax on all unculti-
vated arable land, a one-house J
Legislature, a state marketing
system, co-operative insurance, a
maximum eight-hour day with a 4
44-hour week. Government own- j
ership and operation of all nat-
ural resources and public utilities I
and abolition of all private em- i
SHIP FLAGS AT HALF MAST
United States Destroyers Bear Trib
nte to Ex-President.
NfcW YORK., Jan. s. The United
t States destroyers Rowan. O'Brien and
T i Ericsson arrived in port shortly afte
noon loaay irom yueenstown, carrying
their flags at half mast i
I the late Colonel Roosevelt.' They flew
also nome warrt-bound pennants, while
the Ericsson displayed a service flag,
bearing two bars and denoting a year's
service In foreign waters.
The boats were met by members of
the Mayor's committee of welcome.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
iimmuai s Maximum temperature, 43
ae&rees; minimum. ;u degrees.
TODAY'S Increasing cloudiness; fresh east
Ex-President Roosevelt laid to final rest.
Death news withheld as son reads letter.
Wilson to waive high rank at peace table.
Prcsrr-ss of peace conference plans are slow
Jtel armv is crushed by loyal Russians.
American soldiers may yet get on-to-Berlin
order. Page I.
Socialists in Italy monopolize Wilson. Page 6.
British labor party assumes new place in
Parliament. Page 1.
Ten thousand more soldiers assigned for
convoy home, page -.
Five Socialist leaders round guilty in Fed
eral Court, page l.
Salt Lake man held for bullion robbery.
Move to defer dry amendment fails. Page 3.
Marines take slap at grid followers. Page 12.
"Fighting Medics' to meet Multnomah Sat
urday. Page 12.
Salem passes drastic ordinance against flu.
Idaho Legislators honor ex-President.
Portland and Vicinity.
Higher automobile licenses contempalted.
Solution of future is Oregon problem.
Portland joins in tribute to Colonel. Page 10.
Portland "cop" star in educational film.
Labor condemns Federal Agent Byron.
State labor calls for radical changes.
Leard is Identified by bridge-toll taker..
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 13.
Resolutions were unanimously adopt
ed by the Oregon State Federation of
Labor yesterday condemning William
R. Byron, special agent of the Depart
ment of Justice, for his recent physical
encounter with Dr. Marie Kqul In tho
Federal building and demanding the
immediate removal of Mr. Byron as the
directing head of the Federal Bureau of
Investigation in this district.
Organized labor also included in the
same set of resolutions a demand for
a further inquiry by the Government
into the case of Dr. Kqul, who was
convicted in the United States Court
last month of a violation of the es
Immediately following the reading of
the resolutions, which were submitted
by Joe Thornton, Charles E. Stickler
and Floyd Hyde, E. J. Stack, secretary
of the State Federation, moved that
the resolutions be adopted without ref
erence to a committee.
Investigation Is "Sought.
Amid a chorus of seconds, the mo
tion was stated and the resolutions
were adopted without an opposing
voice. The text of the resolutions follows:
We protest against the unbecoming
conduct of an official of the Depart
ment of Justice, William R. Bryon, who
so brutally struck Dr. Mario Equi
after her conviction on December 31,
n d when she was facing a three
years term in the penitentiary: and
whereas, the said William J. Bryon
was responsible for procuring the evi
dence, full of passion and prejudice.
which was presented and which was
palpably false and convicted Dr. Equi,
be it resolved further that the State
Federation of Labor of Oregon ask the
Department of Justice at Washington,
D. C for the removal of Operative
Byron and demand an investigation of
tho case of Dr. Equi."
Ship Cancellation Deplored.
During the day resolutions were tel
egraphed to Otto R. Hartwig, president
of the State Federation, for submission
to the Emergency Fleet Corporation
demanding that it immediately rescind
its action in cancelling contracts for
building wooden ships in this J i c L .-i . : t
and prohibiting shipbuilding compa
nies from accepting contracts to build
ships on private or foreign account.
Mr. Hartwig is now in Washington, D.
C, as the representative of the Ore
gon State Federation of Labor before
the Emergency Fleet Corporation.
The preamble of the resolutions re-
ited that within another 30 days ap
proximately 10,700 workmen in the
hipyards in the Oregon district will
have been thrown out of employment
through the enforcement of the order
Support of Labor Pledged.
Secretary Stack pointed out that the
xecutive council of the American Fed
ration of Labor is giving its full sup
port to the concerted effort of labor
organizations throughout the country
to cause the Emergency Fleet Corpor-
.(Coutluded, on Paso 3, Column l.Ji