Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, December 26, 1918, Page 6, Image 6

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    TIIE MORNING OltEGONIAN, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1918.
FRENCH REFUGEES'
PLIGHT APPALLING
Thousands Are Marching Back
to Ruined Homes.
HAVOC OF WAR DESCRIBED
Railroads and Canals Are Destroyed,
Steel Plants Dismantled and
Country Laid "Aaste.
WASHINGTON. Dec. So. Physical
damage wrought In Belgium by the
German armies .is described In a cable
pram recelTed by the Food Adminis
tration from Herbert Hoover, who.
with William B. Poland, European di
rector of the Commission for Relief in
Belgium, has Just completed a survey
of conditions in this liberated country.
On the basis of Mr. Hoover's report,
the Food Administration announced to
day that hereafter 180.000 tons of sup
plies, including clothing, would be
shipped to Belgium each month. As
this programme will require 160,000
deadweight tons of shipping in addi
tion to the 340,000 tons now on char
ter to the relief commission, applica
tion for additional tonnage has been
made to the Shipping Board.
America Korniishes Fpndi.
The cost of the entire relief pro
gramme will be borne by the Belgian
and French governments from loans
made by the American Government.
France's part of the expense will be
for supplying the people of Northern
France as well as several hundred
thousand refugees who were forced
from that section into Belgium during
the retreat of the German forces.
Mr. Hoover's report on his survey
of Belgium says:
"Together with Mr. Poland, Euro
pean director for the Commission for
Kelief in Belgium, I have completed a
survey of the entire Belgian situation
as disclosed by the evacuation. The
work of the American relief officials in
Europe during the last month has been
beyond all praise, because they have
followed up the retreating army with
distributions, by one maens or an
other, and there has been no break in
the food supply at any point.
"Prior to the armistice the German
nrmy had completely destroyed a zone
of railroads and canals some 20 miles
wide, extending entirely across Kel
gium. After the armistice there was
comparatively little destruction of
transportation to the rear of this zone,
and with the rapid rehabilitation of
transportation facilities across this
zone of destruction the problem of
distribution of food and of reconstruc
tion can be undertaken with much less
difficulty than at present.
"The Germans in their final retreat
removed but little of the relief sup
plies. "The afction toward the native, har
vests and cattle in their withdrawal
differs widely in "different areas. They
started to take all remaining hogs
from the western part of Belgium, ex
cept those hidden by the peasants in
underground caves. After the armis
tice, however, and with the demorali
zation of the German army in its. final
retreat, many of these beasts were
abandoned or sold by soldiers to the
peasants further back, and in practical
results there appears to have been no
widespread cattle stealing in the re
treat, although during the four .years
of occupation there has been a great
diminution, probably over one-half, in
the total number of cattle and hogs.
It can be said almost literally that
horses have disappeared out of Bel
gium, there probably now being 15 per
cent of the original animals left.
Sterl Plants Dismantled.
"Investigation proves that industrial
and residential destruction in Belgium
varies greatly in different localities
and with different industries. For in
stance, out of the 50 steel furnaces in
Belgium, 35 or 40 have been deliberately
destroyed by the Germaas in their de
termination to end the Belgian steel
industry.
"Many of the textile mills have been
put out of commission, either through
deliberate destruction and removal of
machinery or by removal of the copper
and brass parts and electric motors.
.Some of the textile mills of the more
antiquated type of equipment appar
ently did not appeal to the Germans,
und they can be gotten into action at
an early date. The Germans seem to
have focussed on modern equipments.
Explosives Laid In Mines.
"The glass industry has been but' lit
tle Interfered with, and the stern prom
ise of retribution by President Wilson
seems to have saved the coal industry
except for very few mines, although ac
tual explosives and wires were laid for
the purpose of destruction in a large
number of the mines. The President's
warning seems to have created a sud
den change of heart.
"There are some 300,000 French refu
gees in Belgium, driven out of North
ern France by the Germans. They have
been cared for out of the meager stores
of the Belgians and by the commission
for relief in Belgium. They are, how
ever, 4ike homing pigeons in their re
solve to return to their native villages.
.As there is no transportation, the roads
southward into France are a continu
ous stream of these pitiful groups of
men, women and children, pulling their
carts and trudging through the cold
and wind toward their destroyed homes.
People's Plight Heartbreak in??.
"Everything is being done that is hu
manly possible, but in the present
state of demoralization, with moving
armies, the necessity of using every
truck and horse with which to feed the
population, their plight la heartbreak
ing. They refuse all persuasion to wait
in the crowded Belgian villages until
their affairs can be organized.
"The Americans of the relief commis-
ftion are vorklntr nirht m n H Hnv nrnvld.
ing shelter stations, clothing and food '
for them, but, like many other human
migrations in Europe today, there is
no solution to the suffering that must
go on."
PEACE ASKS FOR SACRIFICE
(Continued From First Page.)
UPSET STOMACH
Pape's Diapepsin at Once Ends
Sourness, Gas, Acidity,
Indigestion.
Don't stay upset! When meals don't
fit and you belch gas, acids and undi
gested food. When you feel lumps of
indigestion pain, flatulence, heartburn
or headache you can get instant relief.
thus drawn, as they have been, into
your midst and into your conferences
and wish to thank you very warmly
for them and the people of the United
States. I, like them, shall carry away
with me the- most del ghtful recollec
tions and in my heart shall always say
as I now say: "Vive la France.'
Immediately after the reception at
the Hotel de Ville President Wilson,
with General Pershing and party,
motored to Humes, where the President
reviewed a detachment of the first
Army of the American expeditionary
forces. Addressing the troops. General
Pershing eaid:
Freshing Praises Soldiers.
"Mr. President and fellow soldiers:
We are gathered here today to do honor
to the Commander of our Armies and
Navies. For the first time an Ameri
can President will review an American
Army on foreign soil the soil of a sis
ter republic beside whose gallant troops
we have fought to restore peace to the
world.
"Speaking for you and your comrades,
I am proud to declare to the President
that no army has ever more loyally or
more effectively served its country and
none has ever fought in a nobler cause.
"You, Mr. President,- by your confi
dence and by your support, have made
the success of our Army, and to you,
as our Commander-in-Chief, may I now
present the Nation's victorious Army."
Wilson Addresses Troops.
"General Pershing and fellow com
rades: I wish that I could give to each
one of you the message that I know
you are longing to receive from those
at home who love you. I cannot do
that, but I can tell you how every one
has put his heart into it. You have
done your duty, and something more.
You have done your duty and you have
done it with a spirit which gave it dis
tinction and glory.
"And now we are to hail the fruits
of everything. You conquered when
you came over, what you came for, and
you have done, what it was appointed
for you to do. I know what you ex
pected of me. 'Some time ago a gen
tleman from one of the countries with
which we are associated was discuss
ing with me the moral aspects of this
war. and I said that if we did not in
sist upon the high purpose which we
have accomplished the end woifld not
be Justified. '
People at Home Proud.
"Everybody at home Is proud of yon
and has followed every movement of
this great Army with confidence and
affection.
"The whole people of the United
States are now awaiting to welcome
you home with an acclaim which prob
ably has never greeted any other army.
"You knew what we expected of you
and you did It. I know what you and
the people at home expected of me, and
I am nappy to say, my fellow country
men, that I do not find in the hearts of
the great leaders with whom it is my
privilege now to co-operate, any differ
ence of principle or of fundamental
purpose.
Nations Will Make Good. j
"It happened that it was the privi
lege of America to present the chart
for peace, and now the press of set
tlement has been rendered compara
tively simple by the fact that all the
nations concerned have accepted that
chart and these principles laid down
there will be their application. The
world will now know that the nations
that fought this war as well as the
soldiers who represented them, are
ready to make good, make good not
only in the assertion of their own in
terests, but make good in the estab
lishment of peace upon the perman
ent foundation of right and of justice.
"Because this Is not a war in which
the soldiers of the free nations have
obeyed masters. You have command
ers, but you have no masters. Your
very commanders represent you in rep
resenting the Nation, of which you con
stitute so distinguished a part.
People's Peace Essential.
"And everybody concerned in the
settlement knows that it must be a peo
ple's peace and nothing must be done in
the settlement of the issues of the war
which is not as handsome as the great
achievements of the armies of the
United States and the allies.
"It is difficult, very difficult, men, In
any formal speech like this, to show
you my real heart. You men probably
do not realize with what anxious at
tention and care we have followed
every step you have advanced and how
proud we are that every step was in
advance, and not in retreat; that every
time you set your face in any direction,
you kept your face in that direction.
All Americans Thrilled.
"A thrill has gone through my heart,
as it has gone through the heart of
every American with almost every gun
that was fired and every stroke that
was struck in the gallant fighting that
you have done, and there has been only
one regret in America, and that was
the regret that every man there felt
because he was not here in France, too.
"It has been a hard thing to per
form the tasks in the United State; it
has been a hard thing to take part in
directing what you did without com
ing over and helping you to do it. It
has taken a lot of moral courcge to
stay at home. But we are proud to
back you up everywhere that it was
possible to back you up. And now I
am happy to find what splendid names
you have made for yourselves among
the civilian population of France as
well as among your comrades in the
armies of the French, and it is a fine
testimony to you men that these people
like you and love you and trust you
and the finest part of it all is that you
deserve tnelr trust.
Real Comradeship Pelt.
"I feel a comradeship with you to
day, which is delightful, as I look
down upon these undisturbed fields
and think of the terrible scenes
through which you have gone and
realize how the quiet of peace, the
tranquillity of' settled hopes, has de
scended upon us. And. while it is hard
far away from home confidentially to
bid you a Merry Christmas, I can, I
think, conf identally, promise you a
Happy New Year, and I can from the
bottom of my heart say God bless you,
After the review President Wilson
and party went to Montigny-le-Roi,
where he and Mrs. Wilson took their
Christmas dinner.
In the afternoon the President
visited the troops in their billets. He
returned to Chaumont in time to leave
at 6 o'clock for London.
undertaken already it is certain they
will be immediately after President
Wilson's return from London.
Notwithstanding the indisposition of
the British government to inject busi
ness into Mr. Wilson's visit, it. is pos
sible that in his conferences With Pre
mier Lloyd George and Foreign Minis
ter Balfour the foundation may be laid
for settlement of the question of repre
sentation which Mr. Wilson probably
has discussed with Premier Clemenceau.
Conditions which will confront the
peace conference when it opens will
not be unlike those marking the open
ing of a new Congress in the United
States or a National convention. In the
first the House clerk determines the
tentative membership and In the second
the committee on credentials prepares
a tentative list of delegates. At the
peace conference delegates must be pre
pared to present adequate credentials
from their Legislature, King, President
or other executive authorities.
It Is considered probable that several
countries on the tentative list will be
closely restricted at the beginning
when broad questions of policy will be
outlined. But additions to the list of
delegates may be made later when the
conference gets down to details and
general principles. Still later another
class of nations may be admitted, in
cluding the central powers, to lay the
foundations for the formal signing of
peace treaties.
Theoretically these questions ' are
subject to mutual examination and
challenge in case of doubt, but actually,
in the forthcoming conference, the
United States, Great Britain, France.
Italy and later, perhaps, Belgium, by
reason of sentimental considerations,
probably will reach an understanding
as to the admission of delegates.
The neutral powers probably will be
allowed to participate when the stage
is reached where it is desirable there
should be a world-wide adoption of the
plans prepared at the preliminary ses
sions for the permanent settlement of
war issues and the assurance of per
manent peace.
There already are indications that
there will be applications for numer
ous small states, some of them exist
ing before the war and others resulting
from the collapse of Russia and the
division of Austria and Turkey. In this
category are the Zionists of Palestine,
Arabs, Armenians, Georgians and small
governments in Mesopotamia, which
the British and French governments
already have promised recognition or
protection.
The Czecho-Slovak republic already
has been recognized by most of the na
tions of the entente and by the United
States Siberia, Finland and Ukraine,
Esthonla and numerous other frag
ments of Russia are seeking recogni
tion. VETERAN RETURNS HOME
C. V. RICHARDSON SPENDS HOL
IDAYS WITH RELATIVES.
SUFFRAGISTS SEEK
SENATORIAL VOTES
Active Campaign Organized in
Many States.
DEMAND IS INSISTENT
Former Memtier of Third Oregon Is
Wounded After Fighting In
Battles in France.
A veteran of the battles of Chateau
Thierry, St. Mihlel and the Argonne
forest, his right arm shattered by a
German machine-gun bullet, Cyril V.
Richardson arrived Christmas eve from
the military hospital at the Presidio
of San Francisco to spend the holi
days with his aunt and vncle, Mr. and
Mrs. H. F. McGrath, 1031 East Tenth
street North. His parents, Mr. and
Mrs. J. W. Richardson, of Independence,
joined him here.
Private Richardson left Portland Oc
tober, 1917, with Company L, of the
old Third Oregon, and was later trans
ferred to Company A, 1 01st Infantry.
He sailed for France December Hi last
year, arrd went tl.rough practically all
the engagements in which Ame;':n
troops had their -.hare in the history
of the world war. ATter the battles of
Chateau Thierry and St. MiHel Private
Richardson's company formed part of
the troops which held the line between
St- Mlhiel and Verdun. H- received
Ms wound October -i ..nd was sent to
the base hospital at Bordeaux and was
put on a transport for New York sev
eral weeks later. From New York he
was sent to tha Letterman general hos
pital at the Presidio of San Francisco,
where he will r-main until he regains
the use of hjs arm. He Is visiting rela
tives on a 14-day leave.
MONMOUTH TEACHER WEDS
Miss Gladys M. Boise and JoJin C.
Stombaugh Are Married.
MONMOUTH. Or.. Dec. 25. (Special.)
Friends of Miss Gladys M. Boise, of
the Normal faculty, were surprised yes
terday in the announcement of her mar
riage to John C. fetombaugn. oi tne
Army, stationed at Camp Lewis. The
wedding took place December 21 at the
home of Mrs. M. Erickson in this city.
Rev. E. B. Pace, of the local Baptist
Church, officiating.
Mrs. Stombaugh has been a teacher
of English In the Normal school since
last Spring. Mr. Stombaugh. previous
to joining the Army, was in the real
estate business in boutnern caiizornia.
Phone your want -ds to The Orego-
nlan. Main 7070. A 6095.
Legislatures Will Be Urged to Pass
Resolutions Favoring. Fed
eral Amendment.
WASHINGTON. Dec 26. (Special.)
With 41 state legislatures about to
meet, suffragists are organizing a new
drive for the last Senatorial vote.
Every Legislature is to be urged by the
National Woman's Party to pass reso
lutions calling upon its Senators to
vote for the Federal amendment and
work for Its Immediate submission.
Quick action Is imperative, since In
25 states the legislative session lasts
60 days or less; In others it ranges
from 70 to 90. In Alabama the Legl
lattrre meets every four years, and in
all but four other states the sessions
are biennial. Ratification. If not se
cured within the next three months,
will, therefore, be delayed two years.
Two Years Delay Foreseen.
To hold the amendment over until the
next session, even were It passed at
once by hoth houses, according to a
statement by Alice Paul, chairman of
the Woman's party, "Would be Inter
preted by women as an act of the great
est unfriendliness, since it would mean
a delay of two years in its actual ful
fillment." The states in which Legislatures con
vene in January, and from which wom
en believe they can at once secure the
necessary three-fourths votes. are:
Louisiana. Delaware, Idaho, Illinois. In
diana, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Massa
chusetts, Michigan, Maine. Missouri.
Montana. Nebraska, Nevada, New
Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico,
New York, North Carolina, North Da
kota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsyl
vania, Rhode Island, South Carolina,
South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah,
Vermont, Washington, West Virginia.
Wisconsin and Wyoming. The Georgia
and Florida sessions open in June and
April.
The present campaign for legislative
action is to be conducted In every state.
but special effort will be put In New
Hampshire, since Senator Mosses of
that'state has not yet declared his po
sition on suffrage. A petition ad
dressed to him has already been se
cured from a matoritv of the 429 mem-
ff era-elect of the New Hampshire Legis
ature. Miss Dora Stevens, of Nebraska,
legislative chairman of the woman a
party, and five National organizers. In
cluding Miss Elsie Hill, of Hartford.
Conn.; Miss Clara Louise Rowe, of Ean
Francisco; Miss Catherine Flannagan,
of Hartford; Miss Margaret Whltemore,
of Detroit, and Miss Bertha Arnold, of
Colorado Springs, will assist the New
Hampshire women in the campaign.
The Legislatures of. Rhode Island.
New York, North Dakota, South Dakota.
Arizona and Montana have already
passed resolutions calling upon their
Senators to vote for the amendment,
and petitions asking similar action have
been signed by a large proportion of
the members of the Legislatures in
Florida, Texas, Delaware, Virginia, New
Hampshire and Maryland.
Senator Borah's Vote Sought.
In-Idaho the women are persisting
with the support of all political par
ties, labor groups and all other state
organizations in attempting to secure
Senator Borah's vote for the amend
ment. The Legislature, immediately
upon its convening, will be called upon
to pass a resolution requesting Sena
tor Borah's vote.
The women of Nebraska do not yet
despair of winning the vote of Senator
Hitchcock, though he has steadfastly
opposed the amendment. They have
already made preparations for a cam
paign to secure a petition from the
governing body of the state.
Other states whose Legislatures are
to meet In January and in which one or
both Senators are at present opposed
to the amendment are Massachusetts,
Alabama, Conuecticu tt. Delaware, New
Jersey, New York. North Carolina, Ohio,
South Carolina and Vermont.
CARDINAL MAKES APPEAL
Soldiers Are Requested to Exercise
Brotherly Love..
CAMP MEAD, Md.. Dec 25. An ap
peal for brotherly love was made by
Cardinal Gibbons In a Christmas mes
sage to the soldiers at this Army can
tonment, read at mass this morning
and issued in the form of a memo
randum to be read to all soldiers In
tho usual manner in which military
matters are brought to their attention.
The me?a(re was sent through Ber-
No waiting! Pape's Diapepsin will
put you on your feet. As soon as you
eat one of these pleasant, harmless
tablets all the Indigestion, gases, acid
ity and stomach distress ends. Your
druggist sells . them. Adv.
COXFEREXCE
WEEKS OFF
Technical Experts Now Giving Sub
ject Careful Consideration.
, PARIS, Dec. 25. (By the Associated
Press.) More than three weeks prob
ably will elapse before the general
peace conference assembles. It is un
likely that any official statement will
be issued in the meantime concerning
the number of governments to be repre
sented or the tests to be applied to de
termine the right of applicants to par
ticipate. Technical experts attached to the
delegations of the principal powers al
ready have - given much study to this
subject. If negotiations to reach an
agreement on this point have not been
Making Sure
TO be absolutely certain when purchasing Aspirin
Tablets or Capsules, look for the Bayer Cross on tho
labels then on the tablet itself. It is placed there for
yopr additional protection, so that you may be sure you
are receiving genuine Aspirin.
nttiJwk "KmoUfm- (Rer- O.S. rM. OC BjsnrMaant sh
- KWtMltrTHrMliiMtbgeleasBd r.)..,M l oi on mlUtt Bmwm
Th bayar Cross
1 I
of Aspirin
.Your GaarsntM of ferity
HOW TO AVOID
DIPHTHERIA
If your child has a cold when diphtheria is prev
alent you should take him out of school and keep
him off the street until fully recovered, as there is
much more danger of his taking diphtheria when
he has a cold. When Chamberlain's Cough Remedy
is given it quickly cures the c6ld and lessens the
danger of diphtheria, or any other germ disease be
ing contracted.
nard J. Flynn. director of activities
for the Knights of Columbus at this
camp.
Spokane Has Quiet Christmas.
6POKANE, Dec. 25. With attendance
of children at public gatherings for
bidden on account of the influenza epi
demic and attendance at churches and
theaters restricted. Chriitmm was ob
served here largely with family gath
erings. Customary Sunday school and
lodge celebrations were omitted or
postponed.
Slavs Arrest TJ. S. Consul.
ODESSA. Dec. 20. (By the Asso
ciated Press ) The Bolshevlkl have
arrested American Consul Treadwell at
Tashkent. Russian Turkensfan, accord
ing to a wireless message received
here.
Riots Occur In Barcelona.
BARCELONA. Dec. 24. (By the As
sociated Press.) Plsorders occurred
here during last night between groups
representing the autonomy party and
others from tho Spanish unity varty.
A retire lieutenant was shot and killed.
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sie stick o
th
fg
ran mad
e woo! rosier
DIDN'T have anything more than a grin-and-bear-it
spirit when they first rolled me onto that little white
iron bed, but one of the boys brought me in a pack
age of chewing gum after a while and the world honestly
looked rosier as soon as I took my first chew. This lad's
kindness and the cheer that package of gum gave me
impressed me so that after I was able to hobble around I
spent five francs, all the money I had, buying gum at the
hospital canteen and playing 'good Samaritan.' You can't
imagine the good it did for those wounded boys, and the
smile of appreciation when they saw that little package.
This is but one of the many reasons why you are having
difficulty today in get ling your favorite brand of Adams
chewing gum. Please remember that millions upon millions
sticks of Adams gum have gone to the boys in France. If
Adams Black Jack is missing from the counter try Adams
' Pepsin. Adams Chiclets, Adams Yucatan.or any Adams brand.
99
Pure Ctiewisis Gurra
Adams Black Jack Adams California Fruit
Adams Chiclets cmztk Adams Yucatan
Adams Pepsin Adams Sen Sen
Adams Spearmint - Adams Clove
Send a Stick in Every Letter to Your Soldier Boy