Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, November 29, 1918, Page 12, Image 12

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    13
THE MORXIXG OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 29, 1918.
(Eft (Dmnmhm
PORTLAND. OREGON.
JTntn-sd at Portland Orron) Poitorflco as
MoBd-clau mail matter,
obacriptloa rates Invariably la advanes:
(Br MalL)
Dally. Sunday ttieluded. one year IS . JJ
Daiiy, Suoday iutiudcd. six months ..... 4.-3
Iaily. Funday Included, three months.... 2.25
rally, Sunday Included, one month .....
J'aiiv. ithout Sunday, on year ........ J J0
l'ally. without Htinday. six months ......
Tailr. althout Sunday, one month ...... .30
Weekly, one year t-OO
Sunday, one yr 2.j0
Sunday and Weekly 2-iO
By Carrier.
DaiTy. Sunday Included, one year .... .99.00
rally, Sunday Included, one month .....
IljCv fiiinrfav tncliiHMl IhrM monthl ... 2
Tmtly, without Sunday, one year ........ T.80
Jja.ly, without frunday, three montoa .... i-wa
Ijaily. without Sunday, on month ...... -62
How to Remit Send postofflea money or.
aer. express or personal check on your i oca-
rank. Stamps, coin or currency are at own
er's risk. Olve poatorrire addreaa In lull. In
ciudins county and atate.
Postage Rates 13 to 1 pares. 1 rent: IS
to pages. cents: 34 to 43 paxes, S cents:
tO to SO paces. 4 cents; i to T6 pases. S
cents: S to b2 pages, cants. ifureisn p oat
axe, double rates.
Eastern Soilness Office Verree A Conk
ITn, Brunswick buiidinr. New York; Verree at
Conklin. fteaer buildinjt. Chicago: Verree
Couklfn. Free Press bunding, llrolt. Mich.;
tm franclsco representative, R. J. BldwelL
elista who have almost reached the
goal without breaking- into Jail to do
it is tolerably long. The "material"
exists on every hand. Reality no less
than beauty lies in the eye of the be
holder. Romance is commonplace.
Vital experiences lurk everywhere.
But capable interpreters are rare and
writers who seriously prepare them
selves are as scarce as fresh Chinese
eggs In the American market.
MFMBKR OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS.
The Assoclsted Press Is exclusively enti
tled to tho use for republication of all news
dispatches credited to it or not otherwise
credited to this psper and also the local
wi published herein.
AM nshts of republication of special dls
Patchea herein aro also reserved.
PORTLAND, J-RIDAV. .NOV. t. 11.
rOPrURFTT OF THE THRIFT STAMP.
Determination of the Government
upon a policy of continuing the sale of
thrift stamps during 1913 brings up
an interesting question: What form
A FORECAST THAT FAILED.
Recent world events may renew In
terest in a pamphlet written and cir
culated in Germany nearly ten years
ago. It was reviewed in Tho Orego-
nlan June 21, 1909.
The pamphlet predicted a debacle
of the British Empire. The British
fleet was to be dismembered off Heli
goland. German North Sea airships
would drop dynamite and blow the
circumference of the circle. Relative I development both of particular enter
unpreparedness was also Influential, prises and communities."
We probably never will know the to- On the other hand, there are dis
tal number of. the permanently dis- criminations which are not unjust or
abled. The total number of casual- unreasonable, but those who suffer
ties, other than killed, is likely to I under them cannot be convinced of
have been at least 24,000,000, since that truth. Such are the transconti-
the average relation of killed to other I nental cases, in which the inter-moun-losses
is usually greater than three tain people 'refuse to .recognize the
to one. Even if we accept the high I effect of water competition, but insist
figure of 97 per cent of at least par- that the rate for a longer haul shall
tial restorations to industry among I not be less than that for a shorter
the wounded, the number of hopeless
cripples will still be very high.
POST ELECTION RUBBISH.
A candidate for office in Chicago I
haul. If the railroads should con
tinuex under Government operation,
these questions will come up with new
force, for the roads have already been
required to make joint rates and con-
nekctlnnc wlfh hjo top linn. T-nf enmo
has broken all precedents by sending of reasons compelling exceptions
out squads or men after election day to the long-and-short-haul clauses
to remove his campaign advertise- will no longer obtain.
ments from billboards, dead walls, va- The best ground for hope that un-
cant store windows and other nlar.es der Government operation old prefer
where thia kind of mhhiKh in wont ences ana discriminations would be
kuuiii uiui uyiit&jiiua miu uiuw nits i . I v.i , . i . . . . . ,
Admiral's shins to atoms The next I accumulate. Need it be asked whether abolished, and that rates would be re
strowaf'tr be" deCredby this candidate .was successful or not .? vise, Ua lequitablt i basis, is found in
German nam nnri th -Rne-Msh snin.e answer is mat ne was elected.
were to be put to flight. A German lacl maes nis action none me
army corps would invade England. " ""ucuuac yu., oiau wauocs n.
The entente cordiale with France lo la" snorl or Delns a Penect rest
would fail as'result of Invasion and ot hls sense of the proprieUes and his
occupation of France by a vast Ger- lov of a cllv beautiful. If he had
lost, would lie nave exmuttea me same
the fact that the Commission recently
overturned "a rate structure of nearly
30 years' standing under which busi
ness had been built up over a vast
territory." The just basis to which
Mr. Teal points and which will com
mand itself is cost of service, modi
fied by classification of freight and
shall be taken in the future by the ob-J would be paralyzed and famine would
viously necessary propaganda to en
courage continued saving by the rco
pie? The war savings stamp has been
fully justified by results, and since the
war debt remains to be paid and the
process must be extended over a period
of years, it is clearly necessary that
mere shall be thrift all along the line.
As a garnerer of ill-considered trifles
In the way of money which otherwise
would have been wasted the thrift
-tamp is entitled to the championship
up to date.
It is probable, however, that private
enterprises will take up the matter if
the Government finally decides to
aoandon it at the end of another year,
contingency of which we may not
be certain, but which is worth taking
Into account. It has been pomted out
that the thrift stamp is likely to Ian
gulsh'when it is deprived of the vol--'unteer
agencies of sale which were
..patriotically enlisted while the war
was on. Of course, it is too much to
.-. expect that schools and Boy Scouts
nd other organizations will continue
to take the Interest In the subject that
'.they have recently displayed. And
unless there is positive action, will the
'effort be worth while? How many will
. continue to buy them after the special
incentive has been taken away? It
seems likely that once we are re
quired to go to the post off ice to buy
. them and can get them nowhere else
and are not reminded constantly of
-our duty to buy, sales will fall to the
-ero point.
Nevertheless, the thrift stamp has
taught us a concrete lesson in the val-
.jjo or the Zs-cent piece. It has visu
auzea the fact that one who takes
-are of the small change may hone in
r-no considerable length of time to pos
sess sums worth while. It is seen
Jiow, even at a cent a month, the war
savings certificate grows with com
parative rapidity to the size of a Gov
ernment bond. The whole thrift cam.
paign.has ben good for the country,
! entirely apart from the direct aid it
man arm v..
. . . . t . : i n . , I thouehtful en n rI rlpral I nn fnr his f pi
instead oi onnging mo promised a. l. r Kt c
,:... Tfimvia wnnM Bpnd hpr rni. low-ciuzens .' iei mere are impelling ....... ...
sTckTintflndia Ind forestall a SeW reasons why the losers ought to clear Hcials have known practically noth
sacKS into India ana lorestail a Eepoy w.wi-j v. ine. alrJione-h Mr. Teal savs "the cal-
uprising. Through intervention of ",clr ucuwa
Italy, Eg-pt would be saved from
hlnorlir inRiirrprtion. South Afrina
would declare indenendence. Ireland 'ed the sensibilities of sensitive men.
would become an independent repub- But since the item of expense mas
lie and th. I"nitd Stati would seize often be prohibitive, it might be ad.
r. , . . . I vijhlA fnr rltizpna to inaucurate a
tanaaa unaer a resoiuuon ot voii- i i ... , . , . . . . ( "
. nrovidine for the preservation Post-election "cleanup day," and for tramc in an undeveloped couuli,, former stata Senator and Republican
i A a t m a. i .t;t i i tno nmfl w n rn rnar whs npcessarv nua i r.BU riantui . AtAi t i nnrn
' law and order I ecn 10 uikc care wi 1,110 i?uuui.ii jaoi v - - - 1 taiut-uuoi cim
AVith German ship, sweeping the year's bird's nest in his own neighbor- "".E"
noon 1 - ' " j '1 ...w "
interested in ail iorms 01 transporta
tion tlie railway, the roadway and
ing, although Mr. Teal says "the cal
The more or less painful memories culatioa of costs in rate making has
of defeat which it awakens must of- Deen an estabiisneci practice in conti
nental Europe for nearly a century.
He finds Justification, for some past
discriminations which disregarded
cost in the necessity of building up
Those Who Come and Go.
Employes in the- hotels are tired to
day. For the past 48 hours they have
been rushed to the limit. A flood of
guests has entered the city and every
little old hall room and makeshift cot
has been put into service. A few weeks
of business such as the hotels in Fort-
land enjoyed Wednesday night and
IBiursday and the owners could retire.
and do nothing more strenuous than
clip coupons from liberty bonds. Every cared for the young of the family, but
room in every hotel has been occupied. I prepared and cooked what was brought
There was not an establishment which in from the chase, then stood hacK and
WOMAN HANDICAPPED I.V PAST
Too Busy Ministerinir to the Stale to
Think of Inventions.
FOREST GROVE. Or., Nov. 27. (To
the Editor. (I wish those who are so
loftily criticising what woman has ac
complished or has not accomplished
might take a little time to recall how
woman has been handicapped and re
stricted since the beginning of history.
Among primitive peoples who was it
that did all the drudgery and heavy
work of the family? And not only
did not turn away from 20 to 70
would-be patrons. Writing rooms and
chairs in the lobbies were taken by
the bedless and yesterday morning
tired men were thankful for shelter
alone. In one hotel writing-room yes
terday morning 45 men were stretched
waited until her lord had satisfied his
hunger before she ventured to taste it?
How many years is it since girls
were not admitted to the hisrher edu
cational institutions at all? They were
exclusively for boys. In the course of
time girls were admitted to some acad
In Other Days.
upon the floor. It was nearly as bad at emy or boarding-school, where they
some of the other places. were taught a little French, music, etc.
Then it was considered very Improper
To look at the hotel registers gives I for her to think even of doinc anv one
the Impression that Vancouver Bar- 0f the many interesting and useful
racks must be deserted. Page after kinds of work that her brothers were
page of names of soldiers from Van- educated and tauirht to nerform so
couver are displayed. The boys were skillfully. Woman's sphere in life, as
given liberty until today, and thou- the schoolgirl expressed it, was bounded
sands swarmed into Portland. A train- by the four walls of the kitchen, the
load of soldiers came from Camp Lewis, country schoolroom or the sewing-room,
but by the time their train arrived. Then when the father went awav.
Thursday morning, the available accom- perhaps to some nearby town to attend
mooations naa Deen taicen. most or me to some business, the small bov was
soldiers wanted rooms with baths. Sol
diers are spot cash customers and pay
when they register.
Charles H. Fisher, of Salem, publisher
of the Capital Journal, was In town for
Thanksgiving, accompanied by Mrs.
Fisher. They were guests at the Imperial.
Judge R. R. Butler, of The Dalles,
ocean, the commerce of England
compel the country to submit to a hu
miliating' peace.
It is not until almost a decade later
that we realize how thoroughly a cer
tain false trend of thought was fol
lowed by German militarists. It was
that the British Empire was held to
gether only by bonds of force, and
FUTURE OF KATKMAKIX.. waterwaVj" and he might have
The time is near when the American aaded the airway. He forsees that
people will be called uponto decide rates will be based on distance as a
tho future of the railroads. That fact guide to cost, that "there will be a
gives weight to the discussion of "The constantly increasing application of
class rates, ana manuiaciunng win
Ben W. Olcott, Secretary of State,
came to the city yesterday, joining Mrs.
Olcott and had dinner with friends.
They were registered at the Seward.
Future Course of Rate Making" in an
address prepared by Joseph N. Teal
Mrs. R. E. Pomeroy, a Salem resident.
is among the arrivals at the Multnomah
for Thanksgiving.
Sergeant Roy Alexander, of Pendle
ton, has come down from Camp Lewis
that every other great nation was for the University of Oregon and de
readv. as was Germany, to
npon its weaker neighbor.
pounce I iiverea Dy mm Deiore tne Portland
Traffic & Transportation Association
last Wednesday. The most revolution
ary change which the war has pro
duced in our domestic affairs is Gov
ernment operation of railroads, and,
all agree that we
The sergeant Is bewailing his fate that
he war ended before he could go across.
W. A. Barrett, agricultural imple
ment man of Albany, is a guest at the
A DRIVE FOR MEXBERSHTT.
The Christmas "drive" of the Amer
ican Red Cross is distinguished from as Mr. Teal says.
other campaigns of the kind by the! will never go back to former methods
circumstance that it does not have either of operation or control." The
h. ni.ine- of mnnev . it, rhiof nnr- more reason exists for full considera-
gave in the financing of the war.
J As has been suggested, it is ex
J tremely likely that our bankers and
; business men will devise a substitute
J for the thrift stamp and the war sav
t ings certificate if Washington decides
to discontinue them. The dime sav
j Ings bank does not quite fill the bill,
J but there are other possibilities, such
Jjis further extension of bond buying
-in small installments, adaptation of
the building and loan principle to. the
Jieeds of the smallest class of in
vestors, and so forth. Savings banks
which take a broad view of such en
Jerprises do not as a rule regard them
Jis competitive, 'but as helpful because
Jhey encourage the saving habit gen
Jrrally. The single handicap under
Which private enterprise labors by
comparison with the Government is
hat the credit of the latter is unim
reachable while as to the former the
-public is not always so confident. But
athis will be overcome largely by state
supervision and through realization
".that business as a whole is being con
jducted on a steadily rising plane. It
-.would seem to be the psychological
time to encourage the practice of sav
ing for investment, as an offset to its
alternative, the habit of buying things
-And consuming them before the last
installments have been paid.
X lie constructive enterprises upon
J-avhich we are about to embark will be
limited only by the amount of capital
whlch we are able to summon to
ijhem. The billion a year or so which
ty-e might conceivably get together in
driblets the size of a war stamp would
. le mightily helpful in the reconstruc
tion period. There is in reality as
much need for thrift of the right sort
i as there ever has been
j the qrzsT or . literary material.
' A young woman arrested in New
''York a few days ago on a charge of
t shoplifting admitted that she had
( stolen, but pleaded that she did so to
'."break Into Jail," in order that she
might approach nearer to the "reali
pose. Beyond everything else, its de
sire is for continued and increasing
membership. The active, personal
interest of millions of individuals is
the potent force which it is now
sought to harness for the stupendous
work yet to be done.
In this connection it is worth while
to recall figures given out by Chair
man Davidson, of the Red Cross War
Council, the other day. The organiza
tion had on May 1, 1917, when we had
been in the war less than a month,
tion by the public of what future
methods should be, and this address
is a valuable contribution to that dis
cussion by a man who has given the
subject long, deep study and who is
recognized as an authority on it.
The change effected when the Gov
ernment took possession of the rail
roads is stated in this sentence from
one of the first orders issued by Director-General
McAdoo:
be carried on near the sources of sup
ply of raw material. 'Free services
may be abolished,- terminal charges
mav be separated from line charges,
and. collection 'and delivery of freight
at the store door may hasten clearing Hotel Portland
of terminals. ' Full co-operation will
be established between rail and water I T. D. Gilbert, of Tillamook, is at the
lines, whereby river ports will be able Hotel Oregon,
to reacn me oacK cuu.it. , . Soldiers from Vancouver have been
transportation will be encouraged, but telilng. hotel c)crks that demobilization
not if Government operation t-uuu..- at tne barracks will start tomorrow,
ues, "when ample rail facilities to Soldiers have also stated that those
handle ail business exist." The Fana- I who have taken out Government insur
ma Canal "will exercise a controlling ance are being urged to keep on paying
inflnpnce on traffic between the the premiums, the men being given to
lvr Teal reaches these con- understand that the policies do not ex
clusions:
permitted to accompany him, while his
sister was expected to remain at home
and work. Later, when her brothers
were furnished means and permitted to
go where better educational advantages
were to be found, sho was trying to ac
complish what she could by studying
at home or in some small school nearer
home, and was encouraged to earn as
much as she could to pay her own ex
penses, and ir possible to spare some
for the older brother who was favored
with advantages much superior to those
she enjoyed, and who was much more
able to cam than she was.
Then when he was given means to
graduate as A. M. and to study for his
lifeywork in this country and abroad.
she enjoyed what she was able to ac
complish alone and unaided.
Later in her own home she was ex
pected to care for the children, not only
in the daytime but at night as well
(since the father must not have his rest
to spend the holiday with his parents, disturbed), until she was too tired to
think even of anything that could be
postponedaor omitted entirely. By this
time how much strength, or even in
clination, had she left to attempt to
work out any great invention? When
one considers conditions has not woman
accomplished almost wonders? How
How much would man have accom
plished under similar conditions?
I am sure we are all thankful that
conditions are changing in her favor
and that the day may come when she
will be able to accomplish as much as
her superior brother.
A. SUBSCRIBER.
Twenty-Five Year a Ago.
From Tha Oregonian. November 28, ISM.
Berlin. A box containing an infernpl
machine -was received yesterday by
Chancellor von Caprivi, accompanied
by a letter dated Xew Orleans, Novem
ber 23, stating that the package con
tained samples of seed. The plot was
discovered before the box was opened.
At the same time Emperor William re
ceived a domino box which was ateo
from New Orleans. The appearance of
the box aroused the suspicion of the
police, who rendered it harmless dis
covering in it a full charge of nitro
glycerine.
Saturday night Allen Parker's can
nery, at Toledo. Or., was blown into
Yaquina Bav with about 16000 worth
of machinery. The new foundation
which was under construction was not
thoroughly braced. The cannery had
not been under operation this season.
The machinery will be damaged by tho
salt water.
The Oregon Pacific's promises of a
steamer to Eugene are so far unre
deemed. In spite of the fact that tho
river is at a good boating stage.
. The reduction of the duty on opium
by the new tariff to $6 per pound In
stead of 12 will probably injure to a
great extent the smuggling industry
which has sprung up during the past
five years. It is said the average con
sumption of smuggled opium in Port
land amounts to 300 pounds per month.
E. B. Hayden. chairman for the com
mittee of admissions, estimates that
5000 persons will attend the Mardi Gras
at the exposition toniitht.
Ipire with their demobilization.
The situation will be viewed from the
standpoint of a National railroad system
THE ANALYST.
I have known one such in all my days
Tn the. future the different forms f trans- Mr. and Mrs. A B. Taylor are among Tn him. lifo w o nii,!
i meritn in- Ih. Sal.m nannl. whn famA " T a,. 1 - , .1 1 ... b '
nnr in linn win n, n nn u L" . i ...... . , i ... . . . . u . . . . . u . ui iiauu ..imiai.. ................
aiv.aua.s " ' .dvVnraEea ? are il lne lu"- As a landscape seen from an open door
.. .j ,k- fun!Bi) a. nKtime(i needs of rail- I I way
rn.i nr rites based on the selfish policy t-.,.. tj--.... n , n a sunny morning, with an unob
of the individual line, or demands ot com- I . . . ,, . . " i 1.1 structed view:
munitle.- or Industrie-, will not be -a '- """. in .h- rn? t . , .1 As a bok' wrltten in simPle language,
i..i. ,tifiniinn fnr the elimination ot House In the coming Legislative ses- wherein no wnrH i-ff o
rnntKTinc n r -ii ,n i m m ., , . i. nAn.inw . r natural anvanun9 B.u... wciil lu L.te.r i h.Mii',:, i v m. nnmpN i .1 1. .
562 chapters with a membership Of heretofore, from the sepsrate standpoints of I or the granting of preferences or the Ira- Redmond and Salem for Thanksgiving As to Its nnrnnse m,,ni, r,ia.
, o - -aj T . . 1 . 1A1S rVA num. 1 lndenendent anri rnmn.NHv. ra 1 ) r,. H . I i tl . i ,nr,m llnna- f ' . 1. . ; 1 : I ' o '
10D,1J1. U 11 1 J 1 ' fcnw ... . ' .............. ...... MlUMllK Wl i i i .... . i - I ,1,11111, ti 1 1 11 1 111 fiUl, 1U1 me 11...C UClilg,
her of chapters had been increased to That policy has been steadilv fol- w,t.n eq"a' . ri tne subjeet of politics.
3853 and the number of members to I lowed, and. although the prime pur- mdutriai establishments and activities, and
20.648.103. The Junior Kea Lross nasi pose nas Deen to meet war emertren- I it is not at all unlikely that this decen-
an additional 8,090,000 members. This cies, it has already had some Effect tral"!ation and relocation my be a very
grand total of nearly three-tenths of on rates. It has led to critical exami- . J:r. .nmi ,,iinn. that
the entire population of the country .nations of the methods of the past as are sure to be pressing for solution after
represents the greatest achievement in i a guide to opinions as to what should I tno war-
voluntary organization that the world be, and to decisions as to what shall Before that hope can be realized
must first be settled
calm and unperturbed
Mr. and Mrs. Davis Wilcox, of
Haines, are at the Imperial. Mr.
Wilcox is a banker.
Justice Henry J. Bean,-of the Oregon
bupreme Court, is a guest of the
Seward.
the question
whether and to what degree the rail
roads shall remain unified.
would follow a struggle to establish
has ever known. I be, the methods of the future; when
Stupendous as they are. the esti- war emergencies shall have Dassed.
mates of money raised and expended The first conclusion is that "under
are insignificant by comparison -with I Federal control . . . it is ineon-
the statistics of membership. Pledges ceivable that the Government would a just basis of rates in general, with
of money and materials to July 7, 1 consciously permit or create prefer-1 modifications or exceptions to meet
last, had amounted to J jo.uuu.uwu. i ences or discriminations as between I peculiar conditions. In that struggle
But we receive a profounder thrill individuals or communities." hir-1 as in the tariff controversy, every in
from the statement that 221,282,838 pers will not be able to secure "spe-1 dustry and community would strive
He looked on,
each day.
At mixed and twisted human threads
and knew
Knew the motives,"" the creeds, the
greeds.
The relationships of one event to an
other. And why such things as happened came
to pass.
Mr. and Mrs. S. McKinnon. well
known residents of Skamokawa. Wash..
Then were Thanksgiving guests at the New And whether he perforce must laugh
rerKias. I or cry.
According to his status in the dilemma.
LESsaiv iv iii wnr n rv r i- a n vi n I ever were tears so miter as to Diinu
ii i n eves
False Social Barrier l.l.nrr Never laughter so gay as to deceive
.i as ' i. i . i I nis ears.
I Mpn were tn him as simnle nrohlems.
nrHiH w tho mom. Ui.i , , i. in i Qnn- " i soivea inaovance.
' . . ' , . I T, , " . ' I iurj une goou result wnicn is ap- varying here and there, but never
oera. un- " i " -n-ea aim raw matters win not to xane away ihuob ui uiucio. parent irom tne war is the greater re- complicated;
from Knitted sweaters ior me meu m make rates for the nurnose of elimi- ideal is beautiful, but it will .not De spect for labor which Is seen at Dres- Th .ri.,tinn over r.m.mhur the n
the trencnes to Danaagea wr mo nating otner iorms of transportation." soon or easily realized
wounded In the hospitals, into which Hence "the revival, where econom-
were woven tne loving mougnu vi icaiiy and commercially possible, of Before the city of New York uses
more than 28,000,000 Americans. It water carriage" may be expected, machine guns on soldiers and sailors
ent among women generally, and it is
one war product which we should like
to see continued. The change to which
reference is made is to be observed in
what were hitherto considered the leis
ure classes, society girls and women.
and the great number of women who
plication unerring.
Some called him bitter. That was but
Because he hated ail deception.
They saw the husk of things and
thought them real.
He saw beneath, and judged not what
. ties" of life. She is a literary person.
it seems, and lately her writings have
Hacked the thrill which she believes
i he can impart to them after she has
) undergone a vital experience very
j temporary, of course. A skeptical
(Judge with.whose conclusions we are
! inclined to agree has disregarded her
j'jilea and committed her to jail in de
1 Vault of bail.
It is common enough for yearning
1 authors to attribute the shortcomings
jof their productions to outside causes.
U'rank self-criticism would save them
!ct good deal of trouble. There is
viIenty of material for a "human docu
-xnent" on every band. The lack is of
'insight and felicity of expression. In-
(tuitive perception may atone for lit
erary imperfection and a seductive
style cover a real paucity of thought,
but without one of these there is pov
erty Indeed. Getting one's self ar
I rested is not likely to make good the
Ideficit.
I The great American novel when it
lis written will surprise the rainbow
chasing hacks who are forever look
ling elsewhere for their treasures by
the commonplaceness of its charac
ters. When a writer is able to make
this readers realize that they them
selves have lived in the very atmos
Jphere which, surrounds his puppets,,
the baa to that extent created a mas
terpiece. The list of American noy-
is impossible to overestimate the ef- These are described as truisms which I who are cleaning up Socialists, she
feet of this united effort upon morale, must be kept in mind. would better remove the source of
Absorption of the anti-tuberculosis The idea that rate makinir is "an irritation. Chicago, though sneeringly were wont to look, not with contemot. AnDeared. but rather that which made
campaign into tne memDersnip anve i exact science is effectually disposed I called a German city, can show the but with something like pity and social
of the Red Cross does not mean . a cf. "study and exDerience count for hie- r-itv. aloofness, upon the working girl. Even
discontinuance of the former, but much" and "r-ertafn nrinni.. - the least snobbish had an uncoil
rather emphasizes it. For the war on have been established," but "that rates Mr. Hohenzollern can be extradited. 'e?"nA. J1'?? fiaf.? "
tuberculosis is essentially a task ior have been, made on a scientific basis but a better way would be to keep him of themselves in fiber life and soul
the community as a whole, and the u not a fact." Indeed traffic offi- on the move by forcing hifn to leave Since this vast army 'of women who
trrear the Red Cross membership cials "dismiss as imnoRsihle tho tHoa .n,.ntrv in wiiirh bo would remain.
the better the chance of exterminating f making rates by scientific meth- making him the Wandering Hun until at home have gone into the ranks of
tne great wnite yiusue, iulu oas. - jsir. real s opinion that under I death i laoor, wneiner ior patriotic or proin-
tention to which is made necessary by Governmental operation rate making " ing considerations, there has undoubt-
. v... h,rn of manv men from infect- rio in i nan k-. j . .. .v - , edly been a different outlook as to
. . . . w 1. U H1U1 1 I I I MM 11 U J 1 HIH 1VUK
P.tltSIMOXY MIOtYX iv klrctmvn
Public Flnyrd for Indifference t.
Justice for School Teachers.
.VOr.TI.AND, Nov. IS. (To the Kdi
tor.l A blush of haino should mark
those Portland voters who faile to pn
to the polls at the school election, to
authorize a decent living wage for our
school teachers. Think of it! Govern
mental authorities and private em
ployers have recopnized universally
that increases of low wages have been
necessary to meet higli living costs.
Yet as an employer, tho public of Port
land permitted itself to be represented
at the polls hy a narrow few who
would deny to teachers a small measure
of the recognition bestowed upon every
other worker.
It takes years of training to qualify
for the teaching profession. The duties
are minutely exacting a constant
nerve strain. The spiritual resources
of every teacher are called forth to
the utmost in her responsibilities for
tier tender charges. She must devoto
tho best there is in her with unfalter
ing fidelity and she must kee-p abreast
of the educational progress of the day.
Here is one of the noblest careers and
it involves sacrifices far beyond most
other callings.
Yet a few voters bestirred them
selves to bind her to a less wage than
Is received by the roughest and most
unskilled Mass of labor, or the most
shiftless workers in lines that reoiiiro
neither training nor Ideals. And these
few prevailed because the fair-minded
people of the city were too Indifferent
to take time to vote.
Surely this verdict, by a rump vote,
is not acceptable to enlightened public
sentiment of a progressive city. Tho
School Hoard will be recreant to com
mon conscience if it accepts it. it
funds cannot be found to treat our
teachers decently, the question should
be put before the voters again so the
people of Portland may redeem them
selves. Do not imagine that teachers have
only themselves to support. The great
majority of them have others depend
ent upon them. Is it not up to the
people to treat this profession as
decently as private employers are ex
pected to treat their employes?
C. C. CHAPMAN.
it so appear.
Some called him cynic. That again was
but because
Life assumes such an array of tinseled
Decoration that he who penetrates her
disguise
Cannot but feel a passing contempt for
these, her petty vanities.
ed districts. The education value of logical and exact basis" may be de- grandmother always preferred that
such an enrollment as is now proposed BCribed as an example of what Dr. Dart of the bird "that went over the
..-111 ho nroved hv its effect UDOD this ToVi noon r1 W nil "HI,. ..inmnl. S r I. I . . . . i ; 1 e iv:.
this matter of "going to work." In
deed, the actual conditions are changed
as well. Not only is the feeling
win d provcu cucv jonnson cauea "tne triumpn Tr hope fence last." In refined circles or this laloofness gone to a certain extent
malady alone. " over experience," when we recall the dav that would be called the narrative, from the former lady of leisure, but
The ereater part of the actual worn decree to which -nolitical I I the real difference between the work
of producing supplies at home has tions decide governmental action, even n w,v mil of Germanv are Ine and non-working girls is disap-
.oFn done br women. For this rea- ,v ,pmi.iniiicll hnrii. iiir th ... i n.i.ion pearing. "Sisters under their . skins'
, !f for no other, the decision that r-' r, , ": tne "earns u '" ''T0 Ti they always were, and now the sister
v". " . .. . - uiuuii(uii. . n. eats tortured in tne nun way. ii . j i., i.,..i ... ,
1IVUU IO uuciiij ain.uutTitua,cu aa ca ucn
I called him brilliant. With equal
Clarity always he saw the humor, too,
the pathos and the pain
And understood.
of I have known one such in, all my days-
no more.
Such minds are few.
GRACE E. HALL.
women shall have The description of the methods by fs facts iike those that steel the world condition f the Tn.w order
pi.i"-u..-j " Tho e neretoiore Deen when the Hun whines.
win De, nowever, i.u ieiun..iv5 i maoe Dy railroads under private, com
nart of men to join. The badge of
membership is a signal honor with
out regard to sex.
THE COST IN nUMAJf LfYKS.
rates have been made to build up and
develop territory, some "to encourage
Publication of the British figures ol th growth of industries, commerce
the casualties of the war and the esti- produced exceptional rate struc-
mate of German losses'made by the .. g .. the result of nres-
German paper Vorwarts. make it pos- 8Ure. others are artificial or abri
sible to arrive at a nearly accurate trary." "Rate structures too often
estimate of the cost of the war in rest on an original wrong onwhich
terms of human resources. The Brit- certain business has been built up,"
ish dead on all fronts, and including and, "it is claimed, they must not be
the colonies and dominions, are now disturbed, no matter how bad their
said to numDer aoout a munon. vor- effect may be upon others." "'Big
warts nas saia mat i.obu.uuu uermans places' and 'big business' have been
were killed, in addition to a number favored." with the result that "enor-
missing which would increase tne total mous business is concentrated and
of probable dead to l,so,oo. A war done in a few great cities.
petitive operation is exhaustive and 0n turkey, turkey, what a blessing,
iiiiiimiauus. " pioves conclusively TO- Hon't eat vou without dress
uia.1. mere tins Deen no system, some
be salvaged to American womanhood
out of the various things which will
be junked after the war?
. . ;,., rin nrl rM h. BiHliy U. le WU.I.C. W..O l.U W UIXIipj
1 J 1 Ii - V U H It) llllhlHJ " " I V. . i U aKo&nnA P mAn anH
willing, but still we'd surely miss the to meet the hard conditions of war will
filliDg.
The Red Cross campaign for mem
bership is not so much a drive for
monev as it is to take every red-
blooded American into the partnership.
The Pilgrims fixed it for a feast
and the Puritans later arranged a fast
Bonnty for Varmints.
PORTLAND, Nov. 28. (To the Edi
tor.) Will you kindly publish the lat
ent hnuntv law in rppard tn varmints
May we not luvpe that this much may m0re particularly as to coyotes, timber
wolves and I. AV. W.? May the latter
be hunted inside the city limits, and
how many may be shot in one day?
Is the season open the year around
or does it close' with the rattlesnake
season?
If there is no bounty on the latter it
seems to me it should be taken off the
two former.
All the poor coyote and timber wolf
does is to get on a rock and howl for
his friends to come and help hunt
grub, while an ..I. W. W. gets upon a
box and howls for every one to quit
hunting grub and go to howling.
READER.
return to the comparative ease of
home when their husbands and sweet
hearts come back to take up their work
of peace again, and the true women will
be glad to thus make homes for hus
bands and children again
But sthe lesson of democracy and fra
ternity which they have learned, we
may hope, will not be forgotten or
fruitless. R. E. P. KULISCH.
day. That way the Commonwealth of HAVE WE GENIC9 ONLY 1ST WAR!
Massachusetts preserved tne Daiance. Peace Problems Should Not Stagger Na
tion That Has Shown Capacity.
Armies In Q. M. Corps.
PORTLAND, Nov. 28. (To the Edl
tor.) To settle a dispute will you
Portland had a '.'Thanksgiving Din- tortt AND Nov 28 (To the Edl- Please answer whether members of the
From this ner- China Style." in tne sacreo name tor.) The forces of autocracy have wuariermaster corps are n.aue i
; vuui mo ui".;, 6een defeated, deteated Dy tne rorcesi 'r: -r, T oc-.Tr,
, i . . 1 1 ..i..kl. qcn Ann . . I W .... f nnn.w.n tlnn Mnm it mo v h. nrnnr I -. . J ' i .i-n . i-' n .
ure, uy eaciuuiiig is ciai and economic problems high cost I ""
oerman aeao on me eastern ana cf living, poor surroundings, intensive
of co-operation. Now it may be proper
to ask some pertinent questions as to
Tt ; a nrlm A to Boll UhlOftW DOW It Was OODC.
bond to a reliable broker, but it is to " tne Voveme" "
.1 , : . V. I 111 1
ueal Iclothinfr ftunnlies. hi&rh waces. univer
sal industrv. what must we do to make
Next year all the boys will be home similar happy conditions in times of
southern fronts, and by assuming that competition among the workers, fam-
the allied losses in tne . west were y nfa under very hard conditions,
probably considerably heavier than poverty and other ills, to say nothing
those of the Germans, that the French of depriving other communities with
who gave their lives number about I eoual riehts of eaual opportunities an
million ano a quarter. (thus of preventing the spreading out from Europe and tnen wnat a -manna- peace? Are we less intelligent, in peace
itaiv nas nven out no iiirures. Dutinnrt riiffndm, r innctrii .,.i- e-ivine- dav' i mnea ino..i u v ai
her losses in dead are estimated by ment throughout the land."
military experts upon the basis of I Rates have been "all that the traf- Astoria does not wait for aid. She
numbers of men engaged and the f jc wm bear," which Louis D. Bran- is helping herself to great port im-
character of their operations. The deis before he became a Supreme provement.
ngure ot nan a minion is tuus arnveu i Judge, defined to mean not only
Members of the Quartermaster Corps
are not required to carry arms except
In rare instances where it would be for
their own protection when working
near the front. The officers ordinarily
carry side arms.
Pl'IIMC EMPLOYMENT AS RKMF.DY
Railway. Road find Street Construction
Would Aid Lnbor Readjustment.
PORTLAND, Nov. 28. To the Edi
tor.) The condition of the labor mar
ket will soon be serious unless such
enterprises as can be are carried on.
Probably nothing offers as much em
ployment for the amount of money re
quired as construction work, if the
railroads and highways and city streets
and country roads were started upon at
once and as fully as possible it would
greatly relieve the situation. In such
work a larger percentage of the money
goes to labor than in manufacture,
probably because there is but one profit
required, instead of a manufacturer's
profit, a wholesaler's profit and a re
tailer's profit. Irrigation could be
pushed, as well.
True, this work could be done more
cheaply if let rest till Spring or for a
year, but the railroads lay their tax
on the whole public, the highways lay
their tax on all taxpayers, as do county
roads, and the irrigationist would have
the benefit of an additional crop to
help pay a greater price than would
be necessary if delayed a year in con
struction. Ordinarily, I believe the public funds
should be as carefully husbanded as
private funds, but you can't compel
Drivate parties to build, and if a dis
cussion proved that the public favored
construction at once those who admin
ister the funds would be warranted in
starting work.
City streets are a little different.
for that cost falls direct upon a few.
and yet the conditions will become so
serious that it might not be unrea
sonable to start such work.
There is much work of all kinds
needed, and the delay seems to be to
save cost, waiting until labor and ma
terials have fallen in price, but there
is this other side to the question, and
it seems to me the authorities should
go into the matter seriously and seek
a solution. TAXPAYER.
No Word ot Unit's Rrrorn.
PARK PLACE, Or., Nov. 27. (To the
Editor.) Can you tell me if Base Hos
pital Unit 46 is among those to be re
turned immediately? There has been no
mention made in the lists of the hospi
tal units, whether they are to remain
there or return. E. L. F.
No Intimation has been given yet as
to when this or other hospital units
may be returned.
at- Other allied estimates are mere
guesses. They are: Serbia. 200,000;
Belgium. 100,000; Portugal, 10,000;
United States, (about) 40.000. Russia
comes in for 2,000.000, which Is more
a guess than any of the other figures.
- The Crown Prince is an
brute, but not as simple as he would
appear.
Whatever Liard, the bandit, was,
there's no dispute as to what he is.
everything that it could bear and
move, but no more than the com
petitive traffic' would bear," and that
meant bankruptcy to many carriers.
Mr. Teal truly says:
Tt 1 .n m.ant ImmhIiU h. . . . .
but is made probable by the handicaps I PUbiie in the annihilation of transportation
under which the Russians fought in I on tha inland waterways of this country. I Whatever is French for turkey.
the early period. This produces a to-I 'Traffic officials have admitted that Hoover had it yesterday in Paris.
tal of 5.100,000 in round numbers for "rates were made more or less by in-
the allies. Allowing Austria a round stinct or intuition," thai "they knew A fifth liberty loan in April is mat
million by guess, lumey suu.vuo and little of cost of movement or any of I ter for serious consideration.
Bulgaria 50,000, wnicn may not oe the factors entering into cost of serv-
far from the mark, tne central powers ice, that "rates had been fixed arbi- All a fellow needed vesterdav was
appear to nave lost s.iuu.uuu in aeao. trartly for the purpose of favoring the appetite and the price.
me grand toiai oi more man eigm particular places." iJirrerent traffic
millions is a stupendous price indeed, men of the same road have reached
The greater cost to the allies, which opposite conclusions as to whether
is nevertheless a smaller loss in pro- certain rates were remunerative. . Un-
portion to population, was due, clearly, der this lack of system "preferences
to the twin factors of disunited com- and discriminations have been created
mand and to the necessity which they under which in some cases there has
were , under of fighting outside the I been an abnormal, if not dangerous,
Profiteering
profitable.
in turkeys was . not
Many hearkened to the call of the
bird.
Frozen beef for a dinner for a Tank!
Already consternation has been
thrown into the ranks of the North
west shipbuilders. What is the reme
dy? Must we silently acquiesce In the
souphouses whlcn will lnevitaDiy ioi-
low any period of protracted unemploy-
amiable I ment? Must we endure the contrac
tion of Industry with its uncertainty,
bringing in a train of untoward con
ditions conditions wnicn we snouid
have the intelligence and ability to
avoid?
The return of the boys from France,
and the demobilization from our home
cantonments and war Industries loudly
call for some far-reaching, co-operative
remedy. Where is the leadership?
Where are the problem solvers? Are
we as Americans big enough to forget
party prejudice, precedent? Shall we
unitedly and quickly render a satisfac
tory solution?- Shall democracy rise
from its slumbering self-satisfaction?
Shall the unrest, the seething ferment
of inequality wither in the sunlight oi
brotherhood, progress, justice?
Now is the dawning of the Golden
Era, for which the preachers have
prayed and the poets sung.
America, arise arise anew to this
larger, grander, sublime opportunity.
A. J. 1-CUBliNSU.N.
T
Review of the World War
In The Sunday. Oregonian
December 1
A concise but complete history of the great war, in narrative style,
not a mere chronological outline.
It is written by L. K. Hodges, of The Oregonian editorial staff.
Mr. Hodges has been a close student of the war, having commented
on it in his writings from day to day. His article, therefore, is an
original and careful study of developments in the great conflict. With
it will be presented new and interesting maps, the first of them show
ing Pan-Germany, as it existed an actual fact at the end of 1916.
The first two-page installment of this feature will appear net
Sunday and the concluding chapter one week later. Watch for it in
The Sunday Oregonian