Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 19, 1918, Image 1

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Belgians Hold Coast and
Drive Hard for Ghent.
Germans Ffee for Refuge Be
hind Defense Lines in
Vicinity of Antwerp.
Enemy Tries to Stem Thrust
of Haig Directed at Tour-nai-Valenciennes
LONDON', Oct. 18. The French
have captured the town of Thielt, in
Belgian Flanders, west of Ghent, and
have passed 2000 yards east of the
town. They are 16 miles from Ghent.
The enemy is still resisting strongly
between Bruges and Courtrai, but is
retiring slowly northeast of La Fere.
Br the Associated Press.)
The Belgian coaot again is Belgian.
Germany's dream of an invasion of
England across the North Sea from
Calais :"s ended.
Safer Line Is Sought.
Belgian Flanders . is fast being
evacuated by the enemy, and his line
from the Belgian frontier to the Meuse
River gradually' is giving way under
the attacks of the British, French and
American armies.
A haven of safety in a shorter and
more compact line is sought by the
Germans in order to escape annihila
tion. Everywhere they are being
whipped, but seemingly are still far
from defeat.
In Belgium the enemy is giving
ground hastily to bring his armies out
of the trap which menaces them, but
from the French front to the Meuse
River he is still fighting desperately
to hold back the lower jaw of the
great Foch pincer from closing in a
great converging movement and en
trapping the German fighting force
in its entirety. And thus far he has
successfully, through the use of picked
troops and machine gunners, warded
off the blow.
Zeebrugge Is Captured.
Zeebrugge, Germany's second great
submarine base on the North Sea, has
fallen. The flag of Belgium once
more flies over it To the south
Bruges has been evacuated, and Tur
coing, Roubaix and other towns have
been delivered. Out of the great sack
between the North Sea and the Lys
River the enemy is fleeing to prevent
capture or internment in Holland. He
hopes to reach Antwerp and there re
constitute his line from ' the Dutch
frontier through Antwerp and Namur,
probably to Sedan or Metz.
In France, east of Lille to Cambria,
the British are pressing forward, de
spite supreme efforts of the enemy,
blotting out the big salient which has
Tournai as its northern and Valen
ciennes its southern enemy-held bases.
To reduce this salient Field Marshal
Haig, with whose forces Americans
are brigaded, is driving hard along
the Bohain-Le Cateaa front in a ma
neuver which is throwing Valenciennes
into a dangerous pocket.
Huns Flee From Sack.
To the south in the sack between
the Oise and the Serre rivers, north
of Laon, the Germans slowly are
withdrawing toward Hirson.
In Champagne the Germans are
strongly resisting the French and
Americans in their attempts to drive
northward toward Mezieres and Sedan.
The French, nevertheless, have been
able to cross the Aisne River near
Vouziers, making more secure the po
sitions of the Franco-American forces
in the valley of the Aire at Grand
To the east the Americans on both
sides of the Meuse River are slowly
advancing. All the ground that is
being won is being defended to the
Greeks Hold Macedonia. '
The Greeks now are in full posses
sion of Greek Macedonia. Albania is
fast being cleared of the enemy, and
in Serbia the Teutonic allied forces
have been driven 30 miles north of
Kish. In Syria the victorious forces
Mrs. George Rogers, Whose Husband
Is Superintendent of Plant,
Christens Big Ship.
When'the 3800-ton steel steamer Cad
dopeck took the water at 4:38 o'clock
yesterday afternoon the Albina Engine
A Machine Works had set a new mark
for competitors to atrive to reach, for
her hull was 98 per cent completed.
record that the 2000 men employed
there are justly proud of.
Mrs. George Rogers, whose husband
is superintendent of the plant, was ex
tended the privilege of christening th
ship and no event of the kind was more
satisfactorr. It is the eighth ship the
plant has launched, and under presen
contracts there are 11 other hulls to
follow. Just what the programme will
call for beyond that depends on news
expected with the return of William
Cornfoot, president of the corporation,
who left Philadelphia last night.
Thomas M. Geoghegan. assistant to
Mr. Cornfoot. received the congratula
tlons of Emergency Fleet Corporation
representatives on the showing with
the Caddopeck. for the ahip was fitted
with pumps, windlasses, winches and
ail auxiliary gear and only her boilers
and main engine remain to go into
place, and the joiner work completed.
Only boilers for those ships are built
outside the plant, being manufactured
by the Willamette Iron & Steel Works.
The Albina force even turn out aux
lllary machinery as well as the main
engine and, though the schedule calls
for the completion of 15 steamers
year, it is estimated there will be at
least three more engines turned ou
than will be required for them, which
means there should be no delay in
fitting out the vessels.
The delivery of steel is keeping the
shops well supplied and 60 cars of the
material are due from the East Mon
day. The steamer Cadaretta. launched
September 2, goes on trial trip Friday.
Nation Issues Declaration
of Independence.
Frank Jewell on Deathbed Marries
Mrs. Lillian Mecham at Eugene
EUGENE. Or., Oct. 18. (Special.)
Frank G. Jewell, aged 42, who died here
late this afternoon of pneumonia re
suiting from influenza. . was married
on his deathbed last evening to Mrs.
Lillian M. M'icham. of this city. Be
sides his bride. Mr. Jewell ! survived
by his parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Jew
ell; two sisters, and a brother, all of
There have been three deaths here
attributed to influenza In the last 24
hours, two of them men enrolled in
the officers' training camp at the Uni
verslty of Oregon.
Dr. S. M. Kerron, County Health Of
ficer, said this evening that the situa
tton here was improving.
War Work Fully Justifies Vse of
Men's Garb by Women.
LINCOLN. Neb., Oct. 18. Neither the
law of God nor the law of man at
least in Nebraska prevents women
from wearing men's clothes when they
are engaged In war work. Attorney
General W. E. Reed ruled so today.
Attorney Reed's opinion was given to
Rev. W. B. Longpre, of Maxwell, Neb.
who wrote Governor Keith Neville i
letter saying the wearing of men's gar
ments by women was against Bible
doctrine and asking If It was contrary
to state law.
Governor Neville put the question up
to the state's legal adviser and the
opinion followed.
Late War Bulletins.
LODO, via Montreal, Oct.
Zeebrnsse. the port e( Bruges and the
second Important Germaa submarine
base aa the Belgian coast, has beea
occupied by allied forces.
FLA.DERS, Oct. IS. Renter's.) Bel
ciaa lafaatry farces catered the city of
Braces today.
(By the Associated Press.)
PARIS. Oct. IS. King: Albert and
Qsjeen Elisabeth of Belgium eatered
Brag's at 10 o'clock thla morning.
LODOV, Ort. 18. Turcolng, a city
Ix miles aorta of I.llle, has beea ea
tered by the British troops, according
to the Evening Sew.
LONDON, Oct. 18. The Germaas are
preparing to lanadate the low-lying
laads south of the River Schedlt la
Easter Belgium, a Ceatral Keira dis
patch from Amsterdam reports. The la
habltaata have beea ordered to abandoa
their homes Immediately.
Bv the Associated Press.)
FRANCE, Oct. 1H A aew Germaa llae
of defease from Aatwera through Ka
mar to Sedan, whleh probably will be
given the aame of the Wotaa III llae,
la iadleated to be la the coarse of con
struction. Oa this aide of the llae the
Germaaa do aot appear to hava aay
defeases of real Importance.
AMSTERDAM, Oct. IS. Huge fires
have beea area la the dlreetloa of
Braces, reports from Flashing say. The
flames are spreading.
It la also reported that Zeebrugge is
partly la flames. The outbreak of the
fires was accompanied by terrific ex
plosions, suggesting that the Germaaa
are destroying munition dumps aad
LONDON", Oct. 18 Notwithstanding
stubborn resistance, the British forces
la Flanders again today overcame the
enemy aad advanced their llae. accord
ing to Field Marshal Hale's eommaal
catiea issued tonight.
Complete Break With Haps
burg Dynasty Announced.
Great Principles of Modern Democ
racy jAdopted Patents of No
bility to Be Eliminated.
COPENHAGEN, Oct. IS. The Csecha
are masters la Prague, according to
Berlla dispatch to the Berllagsk Ti-
deade. C'seeh money is la elrculatloa
aad the Cseeh flag waves over Hrads-
chla castle.
LONDON, Oct 18. The Emperor of
Austria-Hungary, in a manifesto issued
today to the "Austrian peoples," an
nounced that organization of Austria
on a federalized basis would be carried
Simultaneously there has been made
public a resolution, adopted by the
Czecho-SIovak National Counci and the
Union of Czech deputies at Prague Sep
tember 29, completely repudiating the
Austrian government and any promises
it may make.
Vienna advices, by way of Basel, say
that Emperor Charles' plan does not
include the union of Austrian; Poland
with "the Independent Polish state."
The city of Trieste and the Trieste re
gion will be treated separately "in con
formity with the wishes of the population."
Fighting Forces Addressed. -
Emperor Charles addressed the Aus
trian land and sea forces at the same
time be issued his message to the
The Czecho-SIovak resolution," which
was suppressed by the Austrian censor
and which reached London today, fol
At this grave moment, vAhen the
Hohenzollerns are offering peace in
order to stop the victorious advance of
the allied armies and to prevent the
dismemberment' of Austria-Hungary
and Turkey and when the Hapsburgs
are promising the federalization of the
empire and autonomy to the dissatis
fied nationalities committed to their
rule, we, the Czecho-SIovak National
Council, recognized by the allied and
Ampbion, Former German Liner,
Finally Outspeeds' Assailant;
Superstructure Riddled. "
homeward-bound Army transport Am
phion had a two hours' running fight
with a German submarine 800 miles off
the Atlantic Coast last Saturday morn
ing, in which eight men on the Ameri
can ship were wounded, two fatally.
The transport arrived here today and
reported that so far as those aboard
could determine, the submarine was not
badly damaged, if at all.
The first shots carried away the Am-
phion's wireless and she was unable to
call for help. The naval . gun crews
replied to the enemy shots and the
transport crowded on all steam, finally
drawing away from the submarine. The
transport's superstructure was riddled
with shells and shrapnel.
After running away from the sub
marine the Amphlon put into an island
port where the more seriously wounded
were landed On her arrival here the
transport went to a shipyard for repairs.
Names of the wounded men were not
given out here. Most of them were said
to have been members of the gun crew.
The Amphion was formerly the North
German Lloyd liner Kolon, Is of 7409
gross tons and has a speed of 12 V4
knots an hour. She was seized at Bos
ton when this country entered the war
and after being repaired by the Ship
ping Board was turned over to the
Army as a transport.
Political House Being Put
in Order.
Washington Expects Another
Trial at Bargaining.
Traffic Examiner Cousin to Invest!'
gale Local Service.
Portland's telephone service is to be
inspected. By an ordinance passed yes
terday by the City Commissioners City
Traffic Examiner Cousin was instructed
to made a complete investigation of
the service and report to the Council.
The report, it is expected, will be trans
mitted to Government authorities.
The resolution providing for the in
spection follows:
It appearing that the telephone serv
ice now rendered in the city of Port
land is unsatisfactory, many com
plaints constantly arising in conse
quence thereof; therefore.
"Be it resolved that the traffic ex
aminer be directed to investigate the
afnrmbntifined unsatisfactory service in
the ' city and report his findings to
the Council." . .
(Concluded on Page 6, Column 3.)
President Doubles Subscription, to
Fourth Liberty Loan.
NEW YORK, Oct. 18. President Wil
son tonight doubled his liberty loan
subscription through the New York po
lice department.
His telegram announcing the addi
tion was used by the police to obtain !
fduv.uiru ttuiiuiuuai duusli ijuuiio.
Another Winter and Spring Cam
paign May Be Found Necessary
to - Crush Kaiserism.
COPENHAGEN, Oct. 10. The German
war cabinet met at 6 o'clock last even
ing to decide the definite form of the
German answer to President Wilson.
. AMSTERDAM, Oct. IS. The German
reply to President Wilson probably will
be despatched on Saturday afternoon,
according to advices received here.
BASEL,' Switzerland, Oct. 18.
Havas.) There were government con
ferences In Berlin yesterday that lasted
all day, according to advices received
here. The war ministry held a five
hour session in which the military
chiefs participated.
WASHINGTON, Oct. 18. Little new
Information reached Washington today
about the developments in Germany on
which will depend the nature and time
of the next move toward peace.
The situation is apparently what it
has been for several days. The Ger
mans are hastening their constitutional
and electoral reforms in the hope
presenting a government with which
the United States and the allies will
deal in restoring permanent peace, and
conferences proceed on the question of
how far the military machine shall go
toward meeting conditions precedent to
consideration of th plea for an armis
Early Reply Not Expected.
There is no evidence here of great
disappointment over the failure of
new note to come from Berlin as quick
iy as reports through neutral countries
have indicated it might be expected. In
fact, when President Wilson's reply to
Prince Maximilian was dispatched
was assumed that considerable time
must elapse before the Germans would
reply, in view of the virtual demand for
unconditional surrender.
Of course, it also was assumed that
at least one more trial at bargaining
Brother Sends Word to Father of
How Young Officer Fell "With
Conspicuous Gallantry."
SALEM, Or., Oct. 18. (Special.)
Lieutenant Leslie Orland Tooze, son of
Walter L. Tooze, Sr., of this city, was
killed while engaged, "with conspicuous
gallantry," in action in France Septem
ber 28, according to a cablegram re
ceived tonight by his father. The
cablegram was from Lieutenant Lamar
Tooze, twin brother of Leslie. They
entered the service together. Young
Tooze was killed by a German sniper,
according to the word received, and he
was accorded a military burial.
Leslie Tooze was the winner of the
Beal prize for the best law brief in the
first year at Harvard" University. He
graduated from the University of Ore
gon in 1916. The "Tooze twins" were
well known in various parts of Oregon
and both of them held exceptional rec
ords for school work.
(Concluded on Pago 3, Column 1.)
I ' . ' J
r- Jr 43
f v;: v2'- - Jtis , . . -
J - f ? 1
I :
W . I
Senators Chamberlain and McNary
. Visit at Camp Meade.
ington, Oct. 18. (Special.) Twelve
hundred Oregon men in training at
Camp Meade, near Annapolis, experi
enced a visit today from Senators
Chamberlain and McNary. Although
the camp is still under quarantine the
officers gave the two Senators every
opportunity to visit and talk with the
men and review the 63d Infantry, com
posed chiefly of soldiers from Oregon.
The men had an opportunity to talk
with the Senators personally and to
shake hands and renew old acquaint
ance. Both Senators made informal
talks to the assemblage of Oregonians.
Only 76 of the Oregonians have been
ill with influenza. There has not been
one fatality, and the men are in splen
did condition.
The Senators report everything in
fine shape for the comfort of the men
at the camp.
Billion Dollars or More Are
Still Required.
Supreme Selling Effort of the
Campaign to Be Made.
Louis Only One to Report That
it Has Subscribed Its Full
Quota of Bonds.
Prlneville Man Is in Custody on
Charge of Arson.
. PRINEVILLE. Or., Oct. 18. (Spe
cial.) R. M. Powell, of Prineville, was
arrested and placed in the County Jail
yesterday on a warrant charging him
with arson.
The dwelling formerly owned by
Powell and recently transferred to Mr.
and Mrs. S. A. Prose was destroyed
by fire some time Wednesday night.
The fire occurred after midnight and
evidence collected by' the Sheriff
aroused suspicion against the former
The dwelling was situated on Mc
Kay Creek, about four miles north ot
Prineville, and cost about S2000. It
was insured for S600.
Ship to Make Effort to Reach Men
Before Ice Closes In.
SEATTLE, Oct 18. Miners of the
Kuskokwim District, Alaska, said to be
running short of food, may yet be sup
plied by the schooner, Ruby, which is
to sail in a few days In an effort to
reach Goodnews Bay, near Kuskokwim
Bay, before the ice closes in.
The Ruby is now at Seward, Alaska-
A crew left here last night to take her
west to Goodnews Bay. If she does not
reach the bay the supplies will be
stored at Unalaska and taken to -the
Kuskokwim next Spring.
Austrian Premier Resigns.
BASEL, Oct. 18. Baron Burian, the
Austrian premier, has resigned, accord
ing to Vienna newspapers.
Underwood i . I
Mlillons of American Troops Abroad aad More Arriving Onlly lust's the Beply to tne Kslsers rate rarity. Ana
Note This, Mr. Hohensollernt The Appropriations Committee Has Stated That by July 3it the tnlted States
Armies Abroad 'Will Honker 4,800,000 Men. In This Picture Are Shvvrm n Few of the Many Aew Arrivals That Will
Join the Ranks ( Pershing's Army. ,
TODAY'S Fair and warmer; northwesterly
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 62
degrees; minimum temperature, 47 de
Allies continue rains in Belgium. Page 1.
U. 8. transport escapes U-boat after two-
hour light. Page 1.
Lille inhabitants rejoice. Page 2.
Ostend inhabitants ' rejoice at freedom.
Page 2.
Americans make big air raid. Page 8.
Official casualty list. Page 5.
Leslie O. Tooze killed in France. Page 1.
Military observers say German retreat well
executed. Page 4.
Czecho-Slovaks reject federalization. Page 1.
Billion or more needed to complete loan.
Page 1.
Germany tries to Qualify for peace. Page 1
German plot to control United States car
bolic acid supply bared. Page 4.
Bddie O'Connell signed at Oregon. Page 10.
Willie Ritchie, ex-champion, "knocked out"
by influenza. Page 10.
Pacific Northwest.
State police held on liquor charge. Page 5.
Commercial and Marine.
Valuing of Northwestern wool resumed by
Administrator ureen. .rage id.
Wall Street stocks boom and gains range
up to aa points, rage 10.
Reported withdrawal of submarines has
bullisn eiieci on imcago corn, .rage 15.
Sea Service Bureau to supply crews for
foundation boats, rare l.
- Portland and Vicinity.
Albina plant sts new ship record. Page 1.
Heavier Government purchases of flour
necessary, say mmxnen. rage 6.
Early closing rule blow to candidates.
Page 7.
First-street belt line railway to accommo
date shipyard workers proposed. Page 6.
Youthful thieves stage clever coup. Page' .
Local influenza situation Is becoming more
serious. Page 0.
Tangle arises regarding building of 2000 cot
tage homes. Page 10.
Weather report, data, and forecast. Page 15.
WASHINGTON. Oct. IS. The Nation
will decide tomorrow the degree of suc
cess of the fourth liberty loan.
Tonight, with only 21 hoars remain
ing, the Treasury Department put the
sum already raised at between J4.50O,
000,000 and J5.000.000, 000, making a bil
lion or more still necessary.
The amount officially reported to
night was only 83,958,589,600, an in
crease of $351,000,000 since last night.
On the eve of the greatest selling
effort of the campaign. National loan
headquarters limited Its comment to
"There must not be the slightest
diminution of effort to gain the desired
end. There must be the most vigor
ous selling from sunrise until as late
at night as there is anyone left Ho
Big Total Hoped For.
The managers etill felt sure that the
big total would be subscribed, but em
phasized that it would take a multi
tude of 850 and $100 subscriptions as
well as some big pledges. The loan
would fail, they said, only if cither the
vast group of small subscribers or the
smaller group of heavy buyers refused
to invest at the last moment, believ
ing that the loan would go-over with'
out their Uelp. f " -
Indications tonight were that several
Federal Beserve districts might fail to
achieve their quotas. The St. Louis dis
trict passed Its quota of 260,000,000 by
a bare 8381,200, and recorded itself aa
not only the first district to make this
record, but as having duplicated Us
record of the third loan campaign.
New York Has Far to Go.
The New York district today passed
the billion-dollar mark, and hopes to
get the entire 81,800,000,000 quota. The
Minneapolis and Boston districts are
nearest the top with 88 and 82 per cent,
respectively. Dallas was fourth, with
70 per cent, and San Francisco sixth.
with 69.
Commenting on the uphill fight in
the New England district, against the
influenza epidemic, the Treasury state
ment tonight said:
The work done in this district stand
out as an object lesson for every lib
erty loan committee in the country. In
the face of most tremendous odds oc
casioned by a prevalence of Spanish In
fluenza, the district kept plugging
ahead until tonight it has officially 85
per cent of its quota."
Capital City Oversubscribed.
Washington, the Nation's capital, to
day suddenly spurted over its $26,000,
000 allotment and went ahead enthusi
astically to roll up a big oversubscrip
tion. The San Francisco district tonight
thought it had nearly three-fourths of.
its 8102,600,000 quota. Utah is leading
all states. Washington state has 13
counties over the top.
S A.V FRANCISCO, Oct 18. Official
figures compiled tonight credited the
12th Federal reservk bank district with
subscriptions amounting to $292,072,
410 in the fourth liberty loan. Thia
was 70 per cent of the district's allot
ment of $102,000,000.
Utah Makes Close Contest.
Although Oregon reported unoffi
cially several days ago that the state
had oversubscribed its quota, Utah to
night was making a close contest on
the basis of subscriptions actually In
bank. Both states had an official per
centage of 98.
Idaho was in third place with 85 per
cent of its allotment subscribed. Ari
zona and Washington were even with
76.6 per cent each. Southern Califor
nia had 73 per cent. Northern Cali
fornia 64, and Nevada 63.
This city reported tonight officially
listed subscriptions of $82,993,100. To
day's subscriptions amounted to $14,
317,150. The city's quota is $108,-000,000.
CHICAGO, Oct. 18. With $31,300,000
to obtain before the loan campaign
closes tomorrow night, Chicago loan
workers were gping at top speed.
Fire Department Helps.
Bands blared through the loop dis
trict today, sailors marched and sang,
and even the Chicago fire department
contributed to the enthusiasm.
Firemen with young women slung
over their shoulders descended ladders
from high windows and when released
the girls sold bonds like the proverbial
hot cakes to the hundreds of epec-
Twenty Business Men Increase Lib
erty Loan Amount $12,000.
ST. HELENS.' Or.. Oct. 18. (Special.)
Twenty St. Helens business men to
night subscribed $12,000 additional to
(Concluded oa Page 2, Columa 4.)
.(Contiudeti oa 1 2, Columa l-.