Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 18, 1918, Image 1

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    VOL.. LVIII. XO. 18,0G6.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 18. 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
COAST FREED
FIEEJOAIIIWERP
Ostend and Bruges Fall
in Big Allied Snfash.
ZEEBRUGGE IS EVACUATED
HUNS-ALARMED BY
ALIEN PROPERTY SALES
GERMAX GOVERNMENT PRO
TESTS SALES BY CVSTODIAX.
British Warships Land Forces
at Ostend, From Which
i, Foe Has Fled.
MANY PRISONERS ARE TAKEN
Allies Advance 12 Miles Upon
Front of 30 Miles and
L' Rush Swiftly Onward.
PARIS, Oct. 17. The Germans are
abandoning the Belgian coast and are
seeking refugee behind the outer de
fenses of Antwerp.
WITH THE ALLIED ARMIES IN
BELGIUM, Oct. 17 (By the Asso
ciated Press, 9 P. M.) Belgian patrols
have entered Bruges and cavalry is
operating on both sides. Belgian guns
are now firing from south of the city.
PARIS. Oct. 17. Ostend has been
occupied by the British, Admiral Keyes
of. the British Navy having landed
there this afternoon.
French Cavalry in Ostend.
French cavalry patrols penetrated
into Ostend today, returning with the
report that the Germans had evacu
ated the place.
WITH THE ALLIED ARMIES IN
BELGIUM, Oct. 17. 9 P. M. (By
the Associated Press.) The allied in
fantry made rapid progress today and
pierced into the German front beyond
Wynghene. The Germans are hurry
gin eastward through the passage be
tween Bruges and the Dutch border,
trying to escape being bottled up.
Only one good road exists in this
passage, this being from Bruges to
Eecloo. It contains a mad jumble of
transports and fleeing men.
Zeebrugge Is Abandoned.
Zeebrugge appears to have been
abandoned. The Belgians are in
Bruges.
Vast quantities of war material
have been taken by the allied troops,
These have been accumulating for four
years.
The Bruges-Eecloo road is under
fire of the Belgian guns, which also
are shelling the back areas, dropping
shells into the masses of the fleeing
enemy.
The passage between Bruges and
Holland, which will be made narrower
by the advancing troops, undoubtedly
will constantly come in for treatment
by the heavy artillery as more allied
guns are rushed up.
It would appear from reports re
garding the cavalry operating on both
sides of Bruges that the horsemen
even now are endeavoring to cut off
the fleeing enemy.
Raids Thing of Past.
Having been driven from the coast
means that the Germans hereafter will
be unable to raid England or carry
out aerial operations over the North
Sea with the freedom they have had
during the last four years.
Iseghem, southwest of Roulers,
changed hands four times before the j
Germans finally were expelled. The
British hold about a third of the newer
" part of Courtrai, embracing about
5000 inhabitants. The older and largei
part is still in the hands of the Ger
mans and it is believed some 50,000
persons, mostly women and children,
are in the place.
Courtrai was only slightly damaged
by shell fire. The British are all
around it, so that the enemy hold is
precarious.
LONDON, Oct. 17. The German re
treat begun Wednesday under the ir
resistible pressure of the group of
armies under command of the King of
the Belgians continued today along
the whole of the front between the
North Sea and the River Lys.
Advance Is 20 Kilometers.
By this evening the advance had
been carried forward to a depth of 20
kilometers over a front of 50 kilo
meters.
The Belgian army had entered
Ostend and their cavalry was at the
(Concluded on Pags 2. Column 2.)
America Declared Aiming "to Do
Lasting Injury to German
Economic Existence."
WASHINGTON. Oct. 17. Protest
against the Americanizing of German
owned concerns, ships and other prop
erty by Allen Property Custodian Pal
mer has been made by the German gov
ernment to the State Department The
note, transmitted through the bwiss
Iteration and made public tonight, de
clares the sale of German-owned prop
erty In this country is "consciously
aimed to do lasting injury to German
economic existence."
Referring specifically to the proposed
sale of the property in New Jersey of
the North German Lloyd and Hamburg
American steamship lines, the note says
it is an endeavor "to shackle through
measures of force the opportunities of
German shipping Interests to develop
in the future."
The German government concluded
its protest with the statement that "it
cannot but be guided in the enforce
ment of the retaliatory orders that have
been Issued against American property
Germany by the manner in which
the United States of America will pro
ceed against German property."
The total value of enemy-owned
property taken over by Mr. Palmer to
date Is between seven and eight hun
dred million dollars. Unofficial re
ports received litre place the value -
American-owned property taken over
by the German government at $14,000,-000.
ENEMY SHOWS
SIGN
OF OBEYING WILSON
Political, War Methods
Being Revised.
REPLY OF GERMANY
REPORTED DRAFTED
COMPLIANCE WITH WILSON'S
TERMS XOT COMPLETE,
Berne Advices Suggest New Attempt
- to Prolong Negotiations With
United States.
U-BOATS MAY BE RECALLED
Austrian Emperor Says
Will Grant Autonomy.
He
LOOTING BY TROOPS STOPS
SOLDIERS FLOCK TO CITY
Quarantine at Vancouver Barracks
Lifted by Physicians.
VANCOUVER. Wash.. Oct. 17. (Spe
cial.) After being quarantined for
about a week, soldiers were today per
mitted to go to Portland. The quaran
tine was lifted about 4 o'clock today
and the evening jitneys did an unusu
ally big business. The men are pro
hibited from riding on streetcars.
Soldiers have been permitted to go
about Vancouver, but the picture shows
and other places of entertainment have
been closed and walking the streets has
become monotonous. When the quar
antlne was lifted today there was great
joy in the post and every soldier who
could get away started for Portland.
It is expressly stipulated by the com
raanding officer that soldiers pn .pass
to Portland must not enter any place
of public amusement, and that the
must not gather in crowds. Military
police are detailed to Portland to en
force these regulations.
GOVERNOR PRAISES BAND
Music Declared to Be Constant In
spiral ion in Patriotic Activities
SALEM. Or, Oct. 17. (Special.)
Sergeant F. C. Freyburg, drum-major
of the Multnomah Guard Band, today
nr...n tnr? nvArnnr Wlthvunmhil with
j handsome framed photographs of the
Multnomah Guard Band and the Amer
lean Ked Cross canteen of Portland.
The pictures will hang in the execu
tive offices.
"The band is one of Portland's great
est assets." stated the Governor. "It is
a constant Inspiration in all patriotic
activities. The women of the canteen
are making great sacrifices in the in
terests of humanity, and their work la
commendable in the highest degree.
am proud of the pictures and of both
organisations."
Turkey Joins Reform Procession
With Declaration Government
to Be Representative.
SHIRKER THROWN INTO BAY
San Francisco Man ' Gets in Bad
With Fellow Workers.
SAN FRANCISCO, Oct. 17. (Special.)
Because he refused to buy a liberty
bond, saying he had big doctor bills to
pay, J. C. Thompson, employe of the
Emeryville branch of the Standard Oil
Company, was picked up by a gang of
73 men, women and girls, carried two
blocks to the waterfront -and thrown
into the bay.
When he ran back to his office drip
ping, a group of girls handed him his
hat and coat and told him to leave the
place. ,
MANILA HAS BIG PAGEANT
Fifty Thousand in Line In Liberty
Day Demonstration.
MANILA. P. I.. Oct. 17. Fifty thou
sand persons were In line and marched
in the greatest demonstration in Ma
nila's history last Saturday, Liberty
day.
A 25 per cent oversubscription to the
fourth liberty loan already has been
registered by the Philippine Islands.
BULLETINS
BRITISH HEADQUARTERS IV BEL
GU M, Oct. 17. ll7 P. M- (Renter's.)
The allied troops are within fire miles
f Bmgea.
PARIS. Oct. IT- King- Albert of Brl
srlum sad Queen Elizabeth catered Os
teal this afternoon.
lO. DO, Oct. 17. t"p to the present
nearly LOMMMtO British lives have been
sacrificed la the war. according to In
formation received ay Heater's, Ltd.
LONDON', Oct. IT. The British Ad.
mlralty today aaaoaaced the occupation
of Ostend.
The Admiralty statement readal
K.oyal nlr force eontlna-enta work
K with the uuvy landed at Oatcnd this
mornlna and reported It clear of the
enemy. Vlee-Admlral Sir Rogers Keyes,
commanding the Dover patrol force,
landed at Ostend at IZiZS clock this
afternoon"
WASHINGTON, Oct. 17. Signs mul
tiplied today that Germany and Austria
were hastening to rearrange their In
ternal political affairs and their meth
ods of warfare in the hope of meeting
the peace requirements of President
Wilson.
There was no indication when the
German answer would come, but that
one would be dispatched was made
more certain by the statements ofl
Baron Burlan, the Austrian Foreign
Minister, before the foreign affairs
committee of the Austrian Parliament
Following closely radical changes in
the German governmental structure,
information came to the State Depart
ment mat the Austrian Emperor has
announced to the foreign affaire com
mittee of Parliament his purpose to
grant autonomy to the opressed na
tionalities in the dur.l empire, one of
the peace requirements laid down by
the President.
Strong Opposition Certain.
Bitter opposition from the intensely
conservative German and Magyar com
ponents of the empire is certain to be
aroused by this radical change. .
It Is believed that Emperor Charles
thinks this can be overbalanced by the
measure of support he will receive from
the liberal elements and the separatist
parties, especially if he can make it
appear that the change is a long step
towards the final peace so Insistently
demanded by the populace.
The announcement irom Copenhagen
of the reading of a decree in the Hun
garian Parliament recognizing Hun-
Concluled on Page 4. Column 1.)
BERNE, Oct. 17. Advices received
from Berlin say that there Is, great ac
tivity in political circles in view of the
German reply to President Wilson's
note.
It is understood the note already has
been drafted and that it is not a com
plete refusal of President Wilson's de
mands.
Field Marshal von Hindenburg was
expected in Berlin today.
AMSTERDAM, Oct. 17. The Handels
blad publishes with reserve a report
that the German Admiralty has issued
wireless instructions to all submarines
to return to their bases.
AMSTERDAM, Oct. 17. Dispatches
from Berlin tonight indicate a strong
anti-Wilson tendency, not only in mill
tary quarters, but also in those which
have favored peace.
For example, Herr Gothein, a mem
ber of -the Reichstag, writing in the
Zeitung Am Mittag, declared President
Wilson had given a death blow to the
idea of a league of nations. His posi
tion, the writer asserts, is one of brute
force rather than equal rights, and Ger
many would enter a league under such
conditions with a feeling of "Inde
scribable bitterness." '
, Gothein asserts that the idea of sur
rendering at the discretion of the allies
makes the blood of even the most con
firmed pacifist boil, and adds that al
though he always has opposed unre
stricted submarine warfare, its relin
quishment means extraordinary weak
ening in the German military position.
The Cologne Gazette publishes a
manifesto of the Conservative party
signed by Count Friedrich von Westarp
and other members of the party, de
claring that after President Wilson's
reply the contest of arms must be
fought out .to a finish. It paints a ter
rible picture of the fate that would be
fall an invaded fatherland.
A dispatch to the Cologne Volks
Zeitung from Berlin says that there
will be exhaustive deliberations be
tween the Reichstag, the Federal Coun
cil and the supreme command, as well j
as the leaders of all parties, before a
decision is reached concerning a reply
to Mr. Wilson's note.
' It is announced that Chancellor Max
imilian hai appointed States Secretary
Groeber as his representative in con
nection with the civil administration of
martial law. "
2 BILLIONS DUE
2 DAYS FOR
LOAN
Subscription Books Close
Tomorrow Night. .
GERMAN ARMY IS TOLD
ARMISTICE ARRANGED
WITHDRAWAL PLAXS ALL SET
ACCORDING TO AMERICAN.
TIME FOR PLEDGES SHORT
Money Greatly Needed Even if
Peace Should Come.
IMMENSE OUTLAYS CERTAIN
Over Three-quarters of Six Billions
Now Thought Has Already
Been ' Expended.
Winnipeg Fire Loss $750,000.
WINNIPEG. Manitoba, Oct. 17. Fire
today destroyed the Gray-Campbell
Carriage Company building here,
loss was estimated at 1750,000.
The
WASHINGTON,- Oct. 17. Fourth lib
erty loan subscriptions, reported and
unreported, probably amount to M.000.-
000,000, .although those actually tabu
lated by headquarters here aggregate
$3,607,597,350, the treasury announced
tonight. Two days remain for the rais
lng of $2,000,000,000.
On Saturday night subscription
books will close absolutely. Secretary
McAdoo declared today, thus setting at
rest persistent reports that owing to
the retarding Influence of the lnllu
enza epidemic the Government contem
plated giving the Nation another week
in. which to enter pledges.
Huge Expenses in Sight.
New reasons why the loan should be
not only raised, but oversubscribed, as
emphasized today by Secretary McAdoo,
are that tremeudous war expenses will
continue to run on for many months.
regardless of the outcome of Germany'
efforts for peace.
Even if peace should come soon and
no agency of the Government is draw
lng its plans in this definite belief
there will be immense manufacturing
contracts to be fulfilled, armies to be
brought back to American shores and
a multitude of other expenses which
the momentum of war will carry on.
Most of Jtoney Spent. ,
This means other war loans. Secre
tary McAdoo explained. And whatever
the measure of oversubscription to
the fourth . loan, it may be deducted
from future loans.
Actually, the funds now being gath
Yankee Captive Given Food and Re
leased Is Told Huns Don't Want
to Be Bothered With Prisoners.
BY WILBUR FORREST.
(Copyright. 191S. New York Tribune)
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMIES IN
THE FIELD, Oct. 17. The elements of
the German army opposing the Amer
icans have been told that all plans for
an armistice and the withdrawal from
the occupied territory have now been
arranged. The plan embraces the with
drawal of the German troops 20 kilo
meters, while the allied armies with
draw 10 kilometers.
Then with a neutral strip of 30 kilo
meters betwen the armies the general
withdrawal commences, the allied ar
mies halting 10 kilometers from the
German frontier until peace is signed.
An American sergeant captured by
the Germans yesterday was taken a
considerable distance to the German
rear by his captors, given biscuits and
a liquor ration and then turned loose.
His captors said that the war would
soon be oyer and they did not want to
bother with.' prisoners. The, sergeant
regained our lines at darkness without
difficulty.
ALIIE W FAR
iHHIl
Boche Beaten Back From
Sea to Meuse River,
FOCH LAUNCHES NEW BLOW
Anglo - French - Yank Troops
Hit German Center Hard
Upon Extended Line.
HAIG CAPTURES MANY TOWNS
(Concluded on Pace 2, Column 1.)
MAP SHOWING DASHING ADVANCES OF ALLIES THURSDAY ALONG FRONT EXTENDING FROM
SEA TO NEAR ST. QUENTIN.
I S E "A 1
1 -M- XMrL A? Sessine fHAL L
HAZEBRO CK IHeEI 5j 3 J y 1 vVAVF
' ffii (( SjS Vl PU9A,X N( rHIErJ J
1 P.1Lle W0URNAi - A NIVEP
: vvpol vLENS6 T
:: -""" - ) T,
! z CAM BF 7M lIWsnot fBEAurioNT
OOULLENS- JT p Sj&LKSMES J L lS
j Jai.BERT 3 : yftL.ss.6Mr CHiMy"- j)
I CT " .' STaStNTjlN . MAUBERT
I rl- r aJr vervin s-ffuMiONY
1 ' - l V . I L'AHBAVE j
"Vc - igf- iLfisw R0Z5V Jru
MONTDIDfER , X LAFERJEF f
t I J ( 'IdHAVMY - jL HOVION PORCIEN (
' 7 fl NOVON t 1' a, ?56o'r
I 5S5:::lr V. V JjXAQN . sHATEAM POROICK j
sP' J-JZimlhim WE"CHytl; S-AI3NE TX
I ItRMONT SZ' SOlSSONsT FTn JUNIV.LLE X5S
OFFICER'S HAND TORN OFF
Piano on Being Touched Releases
Grenade and Hun Trap Scores.
PARIS, Oct. 17. An English officer
at Cambral had his hand torn off yes
terday by one of the enemy's Infernal
traps, says a special dispatch to the
Temps. Seeing a piano abandoned in
the middle of a street, he' struck a
chord and an explosion followed which
ripped off his hand. A grenade had
been placed in' connection with the
keys.
The Temps' correspondent warns re-.
Lille and Douai Fall Enemy
Fights Hard Against Amer
icans and French.
(By the Associated Press.)
Over a front of 40 miles, from the
North Sea in Belgium to Lille in
Northern France, the Germans are in
retreat before the Belgian, French
and British armies. Likewise the
enemy is being forced to concede de
feat by retrograde movements before
the British and Americans southeast
turning inhabitants of Cambral to be 1 0f Cambrai; under the attacks of the
careful in correcting any lack of sym- French jn the ket between the 0ise
metry they may find in their homes; . . . T ,
to beware of straightening pictures, re- and Serre rlvers north of Laon' and
placing door panels which they find by reason of continued strong attacks
loosened, removing nails and oj touch- by the French and Americans in Chaining-
objects they may find In the court- pagne an(i along the Meuse River,
yard, cellar or garden Such action he j Belgian Flanders the enemy's
says, may explode an Infernal machine, , , . . , ,
steps are oeing nastenea Dy me swui
ijm mini r A nrn rtrtRIIr"4Ntl0 i go hi w uia 41 iic vj biic ajiiiiiou
HULUUr LtrUJtnLUNrtbbhS Lille, just south of the Belgian border,
an4 Kir V TT'vqti f onrl "Rol o-ioril
Frank Tjewls Dies in Kansas Jail; , ., , . . . .
, I zartner norm, wnicn mreaten iu cum-
Statement Made In Denver.. I i v,,'ra r,to rnr.h t.m'hnrv inJ
KANSAS CITY, Mo., Oct. 17. Frank face internment unless he is fleet
Lewis, alleged leader of the gang that enough to withdraw out of the entire
iiciu up intiMuun, jvitncaa ac icxaa I
train near Koch, Kan., July 10, made
written confession, naming his asso
elates in the robbery, Fred Robertson,
United States District Attorney for
Kansas, announced today.
The confession was given two weeks
pocket between the Scheldt River and
the sea and reconstitute his line with
its right wing resting on Antwerp.
Drive Made Toward Ghent.
Ostend, one of the famous subma-
ago in Denver. Lewis died last night rine bases on the sea js British
in the Jail at Topeka. k-j t u . k
Lewis says in the confession that he " u ' ".1UKCO
had received information the express tne JJelgians, wmie to tne SOUin iroro
car contained $250,000, but that the the region east of Koulers tne allied
robbers obtained practically nothing. forces are fast driving toward Ghent
in an endeavor to seal them in a Fland-
DUNKIRK ers sack and retain in it; larSe de
ments of enemy forces.
Long- Strong opposition is being offered
on -the Courtrai sector to prevent the
allies from carrying out their ma
neuver to the full. More than a score
of additional villages have been lib-
TEUTONS SHELL
Broken Line Indicates Hindenburg Line. Heavy Black Line Shows Battle Front ns Indicated by Lntest Uls
patches; While Shnded Sections Show Gnlns of Allies Thursday. Arrow Indicates Where Germans Fleelns;
From Northern Belgium nad Coast Are Seeking; Refuge Behind Forts of Antwerp. Doable Line Shows Far
thest German Advance In Offenslre Begun March 21 Last.
Two Americans Killed by
Range German Gun.
PARIS, Oct 17. Two Americans
were killed, one man was wounded
and material damage was caused in I
the German bombardment of Dunkirk erated and numerous guns and quanti-
yesicruay who a iong-r?nge gun. A . . - . i, l
I in ineir wiinarawai xroni ncai
The advance of the allied armies in Flanders the Germans are carrying
Belgium will make this bombardment out a tactical movement, which doubt-
one of the last from which Dunkirk , w,il nH in a e-eneral fallinir-back '
tO tUcir lints III i'Aaiiwc ojiu
ml'f tliom frt afrTic7.Vin their re-
NDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS' sistance materially on a new and
shorter front This probably will be
62 from Antwerp to Namur and Metz, "
and tnence to me owiss poraer, wmui
would still leave the Germans 80 miles
from their own border line, both r.t
Antwerp and Namur. At present the
center of the Flanders fighting is near
Thielt, which is about 125 miles from
Aix la Chapelle, on the German bor
der.
. British and Yanks Advance.
Southeast of Cambrai over a front
of 10 miles, between Le Cateau and
Bohain, the British and Americans are
delivering a violent attack against the
Germans, and at last reports they
had advanced two miles, although the
Germans were savagely resisting with
machine guns, infantry and artillery.
North of Laon, between the Oise
Boisheviki to put. txortam on efficiency and Serre rivers, the French are en
deavoring to drive out the Germans
or capture them before they can make
their wav eastward to Hirson. Here
also the enemy is using his machine
gunners ancf artillery, but further
gains have been recorded.
The greatest resistance of all, how
ever, is still being imposed against
The Weather.
ESTERDAT'S Maximum temperature,
degrees; minimum, 4o degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; easterly winds.
Wan
Allies advance on wide front. Page 1.
Official casualty list. Page 7.
Lille is captured by British. Page 2.
Belgian coast freed; Huns flee to Antwerp.
London military experts say Germany still
unbeaten, .rage l.
German army told armistice all arranged so
they let Americans capture. .Page 1.
Huns fight hard on eastern wing. Page 3.
General Mai leterre, compares German defeat
with tnat ol r ranee in isii. .cage 4.
Bolshevik outlaws stronger than ever.
Page b.
Mud-coated Tanks take enemy trench.
Paga 8.
Americans capture vital key position.
Page 2.
Foreign.
Austria faces grave political crisis. Page 4
Sales of alien property in United States
alarms Germany. Page 1
German reply to Wilson said to have been
drafted. Page 1.
basis. Page 3.
National.
Two billions necessary for success of loan.
Page 1.
Millfeed trouble explained by grain cor
poration official. Page 9.
Enemy seems to be yielding to Wilson's
terms. Page 1.
Domestic.
Otto Kahn urges loan support by Americans
of German descent. Page 5.
American Jews will spend billion to relieve U, v 1 A -;no ; pi.m
war sufferers, page . the French and Americans in Cham-
Sports, nasrne and along the Meuse River,
scarcity of boxers hits promoters. Page 14. where the holding of the line is essen-
UregOD ana ABBtca armuss aouoie go.
tial to stave off a general retreat all
the way from Belgium to the Swiss
frontier. The French in Champagne
are still fighting hard to capture
Rethel, but the Germans thus far have
been able to hold this important posi
tion.
Americans Suffer Hardships.
North of Grand Pre both the French
weather report, data and forecast. Page 19. and , Americans nave made lurtner
Judge Bennett may enter contest for Justice. progresS over difficult ground. Espe-
I Teachers' salaries discussed by board, cially severe have been the hardships
page 20. suffered by the Americans in encom-
Actor folk have enforced rest. Page 12. ' ,
r..th.r rnort. data and forecast. Para 19. tr, included on Page 2. Column S.)
Page 14.
Commercial and Marine.
Buying of seed potatoes for Southern mar
ket begins, rage iv.
Corn higher at Chicago on denial of report
of Germany s surrender. Page 1U.
Peace stocks score gains ranging up to 15
points. Page iv.
Ten Coast steamers change owners. Page 9.
Special train provided to carry shipyard
workers 10 r ..ivuu.c. xo.
Portland and Vicinity.
Influenza spreading In city and state. Page 8.