Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, June 11, 1918, Image 1

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    VOL,. LVIII NO. 17,935.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, JUNE 11, 1918.
PltlCE FIVE CENTS.
1MB
SMASH
SECRET DIPLOMACY
II
GRAY-HAIRED WOMAN
ARRESTED IN C0URT
FARM WAGES FIXED
IN INLAND EMPIRE
OPPOSED IN SENATE
HUH UIIE
ATTACK LED BY SENATORS
REDUCTION OF 7 5 PER CENT TO
BE EFFECTIVE AIGIST. 1. ,
JUDGE ORDERS BENCH WAR
RANT FOR MRS. STEVENSON.
BOKAII AND KELLOGG,
WOOD TREATED
RIGHT; SAYS BAKER
' ' -
Relief From Command
Declared Proper.
FUEL RATION OF
AUTO PLANTS CUT
25,000,000 TONS OF
D.S.SH1PS FORECAST
Chairman Hurley Gives
Estimate for 1920.
to
ATTACK LAUNCHED IN WOOD
Americans Take Two. Minen
werfer, Large Field Pieces,
From the Germans.
FOE PRESSES BACK FRENCH
Few Villages Taken, but the
Allied Line Holds Firm
on Two Wings.
WITH THE AMERICAN ARMY IN
FRANCE, June 10. (By the Asso
ciated Press.) The United States
Marines attacked the Germans after
daybreak this morning and penetrated
- the German lines for about two-thirds
of a mile on a 600-yard front in the
Belleu wood, northwest of Chateau
Thierry. The Germans now hold only
the northern fringe of the wood.
The Americans captured two min
nenwerfer, which are the largest
pieces yet taken by them. It is ex
pected one will be sent to Washington
and the other to Annapolis.
Machine Guns Hunted.
Major Edward D. Cole, commanding
the machine gun battalion, captured
several German stragglers during the
early stages of the attack. Numerous
machine guns, it is- believed, will be
rounded up in the woods.
The ninth and 23d regiments of
infantry, comprising what is known
as the Syracuse brigade, hold the
ground on the right of the marines at
the point on the front nearest Paris.
This is the second time the Syracuse
brigade has held the point on the line
nearest the capital, the former oc
casion being at the offensive when the
allies were still falling back, and the
ninth and 23d went in at Coulomb for
a short time. The 23d captured ma
chine guns June 6 while supporting
the attack by the marines.
PARIS, June lOThe French gov
ernment tonight issued the following
statement respecting the American
troops:
"With strong will and. irresistible
activity the American troops continue
absolutely to dominate the adversaries
they oppose. Detailed operations,
which are frequent northwest of
Chateau Thierry, have an importance
which, thanks to the liaison existing
between the two armies, is of the
highest degree and the results of
which have already been felt.
PARIS, June 10. Several small vil
lages were occupied by the Germans
, on the center in the Montdidier-Noyon
sector, including Mery, Belloy and St.
Maure, according to the War Office
announcement tonight.
This was done by gpeated assaults
ana at me-cost. 01 great sacruice.
1 Battle Waged in Elincourt.
South of Ressons-sur-Matz the Ger
mains gained a footing in Marqueglise.
Further to the east the battle con
tinues in the southern outskirts of
Elincourt.
LONDON, June 10. "Throughout
the night and morning the battle
raged along the new front of attack
with unabated fury," says the Reuter
correspondent at French headquarters,
where the dispatch was filed at 2
o'clock in the afternoon.
Huns Held on Wings. '
"On the wings the enemy was still
held on practically the same line, in
spite of his persistent and reckless at
tempts to advance."
"On the extreme left the village .of
Courcelles changed hands six times.
On the extreme right Plemont, al
though almost in the first line, was
still holding out, the .little French
garrison .having beaten off a wave of
German infantry.- Mont Renaud is
still ours.
"In the center of the battlefield, by
pouring in fresh battalions, the enemy
succeeded in pushing deep into our
line and are pressing southward be
tween Cuvilly and Thiescourt. The
fighting was of the bloodiest char
acter, hand to hand over the ruins of
every village, hamlet and farm. The
enemy's losses are extraordinarily
heavy, there having been this time no
surprise in the attack.
"The enemy has from 18 to 20 di
Yankees' Penetrate
2-3 Mile Depth.
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 2.).
Idaho Statesman Declares Peace
Treaty to End World War Must
Have Approval of All.
WASHINGT6N, June 10. Secret di
plomacy versus open diplomacy waa
argued at length in the Senate today
during consideration of the rule pro
posed by Senator Underwood of Ala
bama, to limit Senate debate during the
war, with an .amendment by Senator
Borah of Idaho for public consideration
of treaties.
Senator Hitchcock of Nebraska, chair
man of the foreign relations committee;
Senator Lodge, of Massachusetts, rank
ing Republican of that committee, and
Senator Knox of Pennsylvania, former
Secretary of State, Joined in opposing
the Borah amendment, which was up
held by the author and Senator Kellogg
of MiVinesota,
The opponents declared that the prin
cipal evil of secret diplomacy is secrecy
concerning treaties actually consum
mated, which does not- obtain in this
country. Senator Knox said negotia
tion of treaties in public is impractical;
that statements made in open discus
sion" of treaties might prejudice the
Nation's interests.
Senator Borah insisted that the peace
treaty to end the world war must be
made with all the peoples of all the
nations concerned having full informa
tion and giving their approval to the
terms, while -Senator Kellogg declared
that the country could not afford to go
on record now in favor of secret diplo
macy. ...
Senator Sherman asserted that free
speech is "dead as far as the Adminis
tration is concerned."
SENATOR ASKS DRY NATION
Amendment Provides for Complete
Prohibition During War.
WASHINGTON, June 10. A proposal
for complete prohibition during the
war was presented in the Senate today
by Senator Jones, of Washington, as
an amendment to the $11:000.000 emer
gency agricultural appropriation bill.
It is designed to meet President Wil
son's objections to the Randall amend
ment, which would prevent-, use of
$6,000,000 of J.he appropriation unless
the President should : exercise his au
thority to prohibit manufacture of beer
and wines.
The Jones amendment would prohibit
the sale or transportation of distilled
spirits during the war; prohibit manu
facture of beer and wines 30 days after
passage of the bill, and in addition
would provide that no whisky held in
storage should be withdrawn for bev
erage purposes. -
ITALIANS USE SEA-TANK
New Naval Craft Reported
in Last
Attack on Pola.
LONDON, June 10. "According to
Vienna newspapers received here,"
says the Central News correspondent
at Amsterdam, "the Italians used a
'sea-tank' during their last attack, on
Pola. Austria's naval base on the Ad
riatic. The boat was 40 feet long, six
feet wide, apd propelled by electricity.
"There is an endless rotary chain
around the vessel fitted with barbs
which cuts nets and other obstacles,
like the land tanks. The vessel has
two torpedo tubes." "
LINES MAY BE TAKEN OVER
Bill Empowers President . to Seize
"Wire Communication.
- WASHINGTON, June 10 The Presl
dent would be empowered to take pos
session of all cable, telegraph and tele
phone lines under an amendment to
the $12,000,000,000 Army appropriation
bill introduced today by Senator Shep-
pard of Texas.
The purpose would be 'to assure se
crecy oj military information and to
prevent communication among spies.
CITY MEN WILL PITCH HAY
Indiana Townsmen Promise to Help
Farmers.
LOWELL, Ind., June 10. This town
of 1S0Q people will close up its business
houses two days a week during . July
and August, and most of its merchants,
clerks and professional men will help
the surrounding farmers harvest their
crops, because of the shortage of labor
according to plans which became known
today. -
MRS. SHEPARD IS IMPROVED
Woman Passes Comfortable Xight;
Operation May Be Unnecessary.
NEW YORK, June 10. (Special.)
Mrs. Finley J. Shepard, who is at her
home. 579 Fifth avenue, suffering from
an attack of appendicitis, was reported
today to have spent a very comfort
able night and to be much improved.
It has not yet been decided wthether
an operation would be necessary. -
MILTON LANSING ENLISTS
Mother of Secretary of ' State's
Nephew Resides In Med ford. -
LOS ANGELES, Cal., June 10'. Mil
ton Sebastian Lansing, 20 years old, a
nephew of Robert Lansing, Secretary
of State, enlisted in the Navy here
today.
His mother, Mrs. Catherine Lansing,
resides in Medford, Or.
SENATORS ASK QUESTIONS
Secretary of War Avoids An
swers to Some Queries.
S0L0NS FIND OUT LITTLE
Denial Is Made That General Mas
Detached Because of Any
-Prejudice o
Feeling.
Ill
WASHINGTON. IX G, June 10.
(Special.) Secretary of War Baker
told the Senate Committee, on Military
Affairs today that Major . Leonard J.
Wood was detached from command of
the 89th Division on the eve of its de
parture for France because of military
reasons and for no other reason.
The Senate committee had Secretary
Baker before it in connection with the
$12,000,000,000 Army appropriation bill
and members of the committee thought
It would be advisable to inquire into
the matter of General Wood's detach
ment which has aroused so much ill
feeling throughout the country.
Little Information Gained.
While many members have had their
individual opinions as to the reason
General Wood was not permitted to go
to France with his command, they
sought to inquire into the matter from
the head of the War Department in
their official capacity as Senators.
The result, according to several Sen
ators who participated in the question
ing, which was conducted In executive
session, was not very satisfactory. At
least it did not serve to throw, any
light on the situation.
Orders to Wood Defended.
According to Senators present. Secre
tary Baker insisted that General Wood
had been relieved of his command in
an "entirely proper manner," and the
action had been taken because it was
considered the right thing to do from
a military standpoint.
His detachment, the Secretary assert
ed, did not result, as has been publicly
charged, from prejudice or any ill feel
ing on the part of Administration of
ficials toward General Wood. General
Wood, according to the Secretary, had
talked the matter over with President
Wilson and thoroughly understood the
situation.
it Aolitnmfiit Not Decided.
There has been no final disposi
tion of General Wood's war status.
Secretary Baker said, and it has not
been decided where his next assign
ment will be.
All the questions asked regarding
the General Wood incident were not
answered. Secretary Baker asking to
(Concluded on Page 3, Column 4.)
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Administration Order,' Just Issued,
Affects Only Manufacturers
.- of Passenger 'Cars.
WASHINGTON, June 10. Curtail
ment of coal supplies to manufacturers
of passenger automobiles for the year
beginning August 1 to 25 per"cent of
the quantity consumed in 1917-18 was
announced tonight by the Fuel Admin
istration. This is one of the steps In a drastic
programme for reduction of fuel al
lowed non-war industries to meet the
expected coal shortage next Winter.
Just how other Industries will be
affected has not been disclosed, and It
is said to be probable that there will
be no publication of a list of so-called
non-essentials. Instead, an announce
ment may be made as each order is
given applying to a particular Industry-There
is understood ' to be before
President Wilson now a report upon
which it Is proposed to base concerted
action by the fuel administration, the
food administration, the war indus
tries board and the railroad administra
tion In the matter of curtailment
orders.
The fuel administration is prepared,
however, to i enforce its programme
without waiting for the other agencies
to act, if necessary.
Director of Conservation Noyes has
reported to Administrator Garfield that
100,000,000 tons of coal, more than pro
duced this year, will be needed to meet
the demands of the coming year. This,
Dr. Garfield explained, is based upon an
estimate of 80.000,000 tons for actual
demands In sight, with -an additional
20,000,000 fns to allow for progressive
war preparations.
Increased production cannot meet this
increased demand. Dr. Garfield said.
ECLIPSE SCARES INDIANS
Redskins Rusli to Tents and Cover
Themselves 'With Blankets.
YAKIMA. Wash.. June 10. (Special.)
When the darkness of the eclipse
crept over this city Saturday scores
of Indians working in hop fields near
this city hastily sought their camps
and covered themselves, under the
blankets.
Horses on ranches stopped and in
sisted on going to the barn. A num
ber of cases of superstitious fear were
reported amenj Qfchtte people. The
wife of. one hardware merchant gath
ered her. children about her. believing
that the world might come to a sud-d-a
end..
200 SOLDIERS FIGHT FIRE
Men Are Rushed in Auto Trucks- to
Little Creek Forests.
NEWPORT. Or.. June 10 (Special.)
Two hundred soldiers last night were
rushed in auto trucks to Little Creek,
three miles north of Newport, to fight
a forest fire. After working all night,
assisted by a heavy shower of rain,
they got the blaze under control.
About 200 acres were burned over.
Reports received today indicate that
10 other similar fires were set out
yesterday between Summit and New
port. SPEAKING OF THE NEWEST STAR.
.
FLEET TO BE BIGGEST. EYER
Americas Will Be Linked With
Vessels; Pacific Bridged.
IMPRESSIVE FIGURES GIVEN
Head of Shipping Board Makes at
Notre Dame University Most Com
plete Statement Vet Issued
on Merchant "Marine.
SOUTH BEND. Ind.. June 10. Amer
ica in 1920 will have a merchant ma
rine of 25,000,000 deadweight tons.
Chairman Hurley, of the Shipping
Board, declared here tonight in an
address giving the most complete
statement of the Nation's shipbuild
ing programme which has yet been
made public. He was speaking to the
graduates of Notre Dame University.
This great commerce fleet, Mr. Hur
ley said, the largest ever assembled
In the history of the world and In
volving the expenditure of more than
$5,000,000,000. will link the United
States and South and Central America
by weekly steamer service which will
enable the Latin-American countries
to utilise their unlimitted natural re
sources in the freest competition with
other nations.
Pacific to Have Bridge of ships.
"It also will bridge the Pacific for
the transportation of products of
Japan, Russia. Cnlna. Australia and
the Orient, and will continue to pro
mote America's trade with Europe."
"And. with it all." he added. Ameri
can ships "will serve humanity loyally
and unselfishly upon, the same prin
ciples of liberty and Justice which
brought about the establishment of this
Republic"
"The vast merchant fleet we are
building." said Mr. Hurley, "must be
come the greatest Instrument of In
ternational probity, honesty and square
dealing at the close of the war."
13 Mlllloa Tons Predicted.
Mr. Hurley said he and Director
General Schwab, of the Emergency
Fleet - Corporation, expected the ship
ping output this year to exceed 3,000,
O0C deadweight tons, while next year
the Nation's tremendous new ship
building industry will be capable of
turning out 13.158,000 deadweight tons,
more than Great Britain, heretofore
the greatest builder of ships, has com
pleted in any five years of her his
tory. "In round' numbers," he continued,
"and from all sources we have added
to the American flag since our war
against Germany began nearly 4,500,
000 tons of shipping.
"We are adding to this tonnage rap
(Concluded on Page 6. Column 1.)
Alibi Witness In Van dor Haideu
Murder Trial Is Take Into
Custody at Seattle.
, SEATTLE. Wash., June 10. (Special.)
The Van der Heidcn murder case took
a sudden, dramatic twist today when
Mrs. Olivia A. Stevenson, a gray-haired,
motherly looking woman past 50. and
who was one of the principal alibi wit
nesses for the defense, was arrested in
open court and charged with being an
accessory after the fact to murder In
the first degree.
Mrs. Stevenson had just electrified
her hearers by frankly testifying that
the day following the killing of Mr.
and Mrs. J. A. Collinson. she had sought
td aid Franciscus van der Helden, who
is charged with the crime, to escape.
Judge Clay Allen immediately direct
ed that a bench warrant be issued
charging her with being an accessory.
She was detained in the courtroom un
der guard of a woman bailiff until Van
der Heiden's attorney. Jay C. Allen, bad
secured a J3000 bond for her release.
The murder occurred at 8:52 P. M..
August 16. 1916. Mrs. Stevenson assert
ed that from 8:20 to 8:50 that night
Van der Helden was visiting with her
and a Mrs. Em at the latter's home.
The nest morning after the killing
apd after she had read the papers she
said Van der Heiden called her on the
telephone, saying he would like to see
her. He spoke in English, she said, but
she answered him in French, telling
him the police were searching for him.
and for him to "lay low." She also said
she would come immediately to see him.
COLUMBIA AT HIGH NOTCH
River Rises 12 Inches In Day and
Sandbar Is Submerged.
HOOD RIVER. Or.. June 10. (Spe
cial.) The Columbia River, raising 12
inches today, has completely submerged
a sandbar of several hundred acres
north of town, for the first time this
year. The stream, still rising, is now
two Inches higher than it has been at
any time this year.
Rlvermen do not thinlc the water will
reach a point where bottom truck gar
dens will be damaged.
MAN, 13 TIMES WED, DIES
John Dempsey, Nearly 10O Years
Old, Buys Cofrin Far in Advance.
MAflOX, 111.. June 10. Married 13
times. "Uncle" John Dempsey, William
son County's oldest resident, died to
day, four days before his 100th birth
day. no purcnasea nis coirin seven years
ago and married his 13th wife five
years ago.
Final Connt ars Knd.
SALEM. Or.. June 10. -(Special.)
With figures on the recent primary
election being checked over from Mult
nomah County, it will probably be the
latter part of this week before the of
ficial count will .be completed by Sec
retary Olcott for the state.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Weather.
IlMEKUAl'h Maximum temperature. 80
ueffrers; minimum. u.t aeitrees.
TODAY'S Fair; moderate northerly winds.
War.
French confident of holdlns enemy. Pare 1.
Hundreds killed or wounded In seven Ger
man air rmida on British hospitals. Pass 13
V as hi opt on minimizes German thrust.
Page 3. .
Austria preparing to strike Italy. Pace 3.
Mg-ht or Army transport with U-boat re
ported. Page 4.
Marines again smash Germans. Page 1.
oreign.
Deadly epidemic sweeps Krupps plant at
fc,saen. Page 3.
Juvenile. Prance adores Red Cross, says
Rneta I'niiae Dorr. l'ag l'j.
Mexican editors assured of friendship by
I'resident w uson. f age z.
National.
Secret dlplomscy opposed In Senate. Page 1
National financing on huge scale engrosses
Congress. Page 4.
Secretary Baker tells Senators Wood waa
detached from command for military
reasons, page 1. .
Baker says over 7ii.0O0 American troops In
J-Tance. page
Coal allowance of passenger automobile
manufacturers cut 75 per cent. Pago 1.
Domestic.
Chairman Hurley predlcta 17. S. merchant
marine of 25 million tons in 1H20. Page 1
L,analrg declares war can end only with dN-
teat of Pruaslanlsm. Page 4.
American women are loafing, ssys Dr. Es
ther Pohl Ixivejoy. Page S.
Freedom of press defined by highest court.
Psge .
American labor pledge support to U. 8. In
war. Page 7.
Sports.
Boston wins from Cincinnati. 1-0. Page 14.
Fisher loses La Clouatra to shipyards. Page
Shipbuilders tied In pennant race. Page 14.
WUhelm to defend title at Seattle. Fact 14.
Psx-lflc Northwest.
Inland Empire farmers fix wages for hay
ing ana harvesting, page 1.
Allbl witness In Van der Helden murder
arrested as accessory. Pago 1.
Tacoma officials declkred lax In enforcing
laws. page J-.
Commercial and Marine.
Cattle strong feature of local livestock mar
ket. Page lu.
Corn bulge at Chicago due to probable re
ductlon In receipts. Page 10.
Stock trade small, and leading Issues except
marines are lower. 1'age is.
Machinery men to meet with Shipping Board
representative to Increase output. Page
15.
Portland sad Vicinity.
Father Black's anniversary mass to be
Thursday. Page 11.
Field workers for war savings stamp drive
begin their auties. race it.
Trana-Paclflc trade sure to develop. Page SO.
Dandelion wine and apple Julco cause ship
yard foreman a arrest, fage 9.
Fallng case reopened. Page 1U
Numbers assigned new registrants. Page IS.
Hill astronomer discusses vagrant celestial.
Page 13.
Grand Chapter. Royal Arch Masons, In ses
sion. Page li
Reception rendered Captain Hardy. Page IS.
WealU.r rcvort, data and forecast. Pass 13,
Common Labor $3.50
a Day and Board.
SKILLED LABOR TO GET $5.00
Eight Grain-Producing Coun
ties Reach Agreement.
10-H0UR DAY VOTED DOWN
Little Anxiety Apparent Regarding
Shortage of I.nlxir Some Think
Shipyard Work Will Suffer
by Desertion to Karni.
PENDLETON, Or.. June 10. (Spe
cial.) An agreement on wages for the
coming hay and grain harvest was
reached- here today, by farmers and
their representatives from the eipht
grain-producing counties of Oregon and
two of Washington, after an all-day
session, at which many of the problems
of war-time farming were discussed.
For the present season common labor
during haying and grain harvest will
receive 3.50 a day. stackers and load
ers $4, header and harvester drivers to.
sack sewers on standard machines $5.
cooks $3. Board is Included In all these
wages.
No scale was adopted for any of the
other jobs, such as separator tenders.
tractor men and the like, the opinion
being that the variance In prices waa
altogether too great to be averaged.
J O-Hoo r nay Voted Don,
After considerable discussion a pro
posal for a 10-hour day was voted
down. It was decided that no action
need to be taken on the number of
hours which will constitute a day. on
the ground that the question will settle
Itself; that a farm hand, hiring himself
out. realizes that the length of the'
day depends on conditions oyer which
the farmer has little control and that ,
the day is likely to run to 11 hours.
Little anxiety waa apparent regard- "
Ing any shortage of labor. The opin
ion seemed to be that the situation had
been magnified and that there would
be a sufficient amount of help to
handle the crop. Farmers said they
were prepared to get into the harness
themselves again during present con
ditions. Others said they were cutting
their force to the minimum, sparing im
provements. If necessary, to lessen la
bor needs.
Shipyard Work May Suffer.
According to a number, shipyard
work will suffer by desertion. In har
vest time, for the farms, unskilled ship
yard workers, and even skilled me
chanics who have had experience In
farm work, preferring the smaller
wage and correspondingly smaller ex
penses of harvest work to shipyard
labor. . Numerous Instances of offers
to return to the farm from the shipyard
were cited.
Included In the attendance of about
75 representative farmers and agri
culturists was a party of farm advisors
returning from a meeting In Portland.
Among these were Dr. E. O. Wilson,
farm specialist of the department of
Agriculture, and farm -help specialists,
Lyons, of Wyoming; Thomas, of Colo
rado; J. C. Scott, of Washington; M. O.
Evans, supervisor of the work of 11
Northwest states; Ueorge Thometz, of
Idaho, and Watson, of Utah.
J. W. Brewer, farm help specialist
for Oregon, was in charge of the meet
ing. The counties of Oregon represented
were Baker. Union, Wallowa. Umatilla,
Morrow, Gilliam, Sherman, Wasco. Gar
field and Walla Walla. Counties of
Washington were represented.
CAPITAL MOVES TO UNION
Governor Wlthycoube Arises Early,
Feeds Pigs and Milks Cows.
LA GRANDE, Or.. June 10. (Spe
cial.) For the next 10 days Union
County Is the "capital" of Oregon. Gov
ernor James Wlthycombe is transact
ing such business as must have imme
diate attention from a farmhouse on
the outskirts of Union. Job seekers,
parole aspirants and other usual callers
at the Statehouse get the experiment
farm dog sicked on them when they
appear around the place, and no speech
making or social functions are the rule
in the temporary Executive mansion
of Oregon.
The Governor has a little grandson
who gets up early In the morning and
tumbles granddad out In time to help
feed the pigs and milk the cows.
TEUTON DUPE TO BE TRIED
Connaught Ranger, Landed by U
Roat Held In Tower of London.
LONDON, June 10. The man put
ashore on the 'west coast bf Ireland
from a German submarine some time
ago. who is now a prisoner in the
Tower of London, is Lance Corporal J.
Dowling, of the Connaught Rangers,
it was announced in the House of Com
mons today by James I. Macpherson.
Parliamentary Secretary to the War
Office.
Mr. Macpherson said he believed the
corporal had .been a prisoner In Ger
many. He will be tried by a court
martial, charged with voluntarily aid
ing the enemy, the Parliamentary Sec
retary said.