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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 6, 1918)
6 THE MORNING OREGONIAN, THURSDAY, JUNE 6, 1918.
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PORTLAND, THURSDAY, JCNE 6. 1918.
America has begun to make the
world safe for humanity and civiliza
tion. Let us not say it boastfully;
but it may be said pridefully.
The American soldier has given a
good account of himself in the test
of actual battle. Witness Cantigny,
Chateau Thierry, and. the others in
the present drive.
More and more it Is clear that the
allied strategy is purely defensive,
and will be until the weight of Amer
ica can be felt. The allied reliance
is frankly America. The German ap
prehension is of America. On all
sides, it is known that the decision
will be with America. Let America
do its full duty. It will do its full
America is furnishing the best sol
diers in the world. They are the best,
not necessarily because they are
Americans, but because they are
young, vigorous, enthusiastic, intelli
gent and determined and trained.
The Americans in the trenches are
not raw levies, but they are them
selves veterans, fcr they are either
regulars or guardsmen (Rainbow di
vision) who have been on the Mexican
border, or who have had other ex
perience. The morale and stamina of America
are at par. Not so much can be said
of either our allies or our common
Let the public be patient and con
fident. The tactics of the allies are
sound. The anxiety and panic of the
enemy are real. Time is against him
and for us. The end will justify Gen
eral Foch, the allies and America.
NATIONAL THRIFT DAT.
The President's call upon the peo
ple to observe June 28 as a National
Thrift Day follows our usual custom
of naming a "day" for the practice
of certain virtues which we should
bear in mind all the time. It does not
mean in this instance that we are to
be thrifty on Juno 28 and wasteful
on other days. We are merely to
concentrate our attention and our
energies for the day in question upon
the particular subject; and we are
expected to profit by the lesson.
The first thing that we must learn
Is that thrift consists not in stingi
ness, or in miserly self-denial as to
necessaries of life, but in the careful
husbanding of . resources and pre
vention of all waste. No man Is the
- recipient of an income sufficient to
permit him to load his table with
food that he cannot possibly eat, or
' to burn clothing which still holds
possibilities of much wear. But thrift
Is not wholly a matter of paring po
tatoes closely and of putting patches
on the elbows of last year's coat. It
must be- viewed in its relation to in
dustry as a whole. It means economy
of effort and of material. It means
that the civilian should do without
that which the soldier must have
It means that while the business of
the Nation is being maintained, there
fihould be as little lost motion as pos
sible. It is partly a matter for In
- divlduals and partly one for the units
of organized society. It is thrift in
it high sense, for example, for milk
dealers to get together upon a plan
for simplifying deliveries, and it is
thrift for buyers of goods at retail to
, . carry their packages home. But it
is also thrift to buy sufficient quan
tlties of food to maintain health, and
' to be warmly and neatly clad, and
- also to make provision for education
mid for wholesome and reasonable
It is plain that as the mobilization
progresses, more and more men will
bo withdrawn from productive indus
tries, and also that they will require
greater quantities of the supplies
which there are fewer men to pro
duce.. For the period of the war, it
will be the part of true thrift to use
substitutes so far as is humanly tos
ible for all those articles which are
necessary for military use. We al
ready are doing this as to breadstuffs
tind meat and sugar. Gradually, but
purely we shall apply the principle
1 to a long list of materials. The needs
of the Government will come first, al
ways. If we do not make sacrifices
voluntarily, they will be enforced
upon us. We can postpone the day
of "rationing" in expenditures by
adopting measures of economy on our
As to the items which constitute
"needless" expenditures, there is
call for the individual to submit the
liicstion to his conscience. If he is
'.'T. a patriot, he is not likely to go far
wrong. He will know, for example
... that every ounce of wheat he con
sumes when substitutes are available
" represents sheer waste of military
. ' rower. He will know that if he per.
- mits moths to invade his Winter
clothing, he is destroying the equiva-
- lent of textile material needed for the
" making of blankets and uniforms. As
to the twilight zone, he will some
- - times be right and sometimes wrong,
but nearly always right if he asks
- himself whether he is unnecessarily
consuming the product of labor which
might be better employed directly In
the production of indispensables. It
is well to bear in mind that we hav
passed the stage when it is even char
itable to consume a lot of stuff for
the purpose of "making more work
for more men." There will be plenty
of work for all. The pendulum has
swung the other way. It is now
question of finding hands enough to
do all that there is to be done.
As to that corollary of personal
economy, the purchase of thrift
stamps, war savings certificates an
. Liberty bonds, there ought not to be
need of elaboration. The uses to
which this money will be put are
known to everyone: it will be paid to
soldiers and workers, and every cent
of it will return to circulation. It
will help In the readjustment of In
dustry from a peace to a war basis.
The buyer simply transfers the pur
chasing power of his money for the
period of the war from himself to
his Government, which is where it
will do the most good. At the same
time it provides an extremely desir
able form of insurance against' the
future. If the next readjustment
from a war to a peace basis shall be
attended by industrial confusion, the
war bond nest-egg will not come in
amiss. If, on the other hand, there
is a "boom." it will be a fine thing
to have saved something with which
to get In on the ground floor. Any
way one looks at it, it is, as the Pres
ident has said, the height of patriot
ism to be thrifty in times like these.
The San Francisco Argonaut prints
part of a letter from Theodore Roose
velt to a friend in California, in
which the ex-President discloses his
utter indifference to the effect of his
activities in criticism of war ineffi
ciency upon his political fortunes. He
In this present crisis It has seemed to
me the duty of somebody to speak: out, and
there was nobody but myself quite in posi
tion to dolt. I need hardly tell you that
I have numerous cood friends . . . who
assure me that I will jeopardize my In
fluence and my future. The answer is
simple. As for my future, these good people
doubtless do not believe me when I tell
them the truth, which Is that I have abso
lutely no concern with any future unless It
Is conditioned upon being one of the kind
of activities In which I believe; and for my
Influence, the same thing applies I don't
value it In the least unless I can use it
for the things In which I believe. The
times are too big to warrant small motives,
i If there are still suspicious and
small-minded Americans who think
that Theodore Roosevelt is first a can
didate, for President and second an
American, they should recall impar
tially the history of the past four
Theodore Roosevelt was the first
conspicuous citizen to denounce "hy-
phenlsm" and "fifty-fifty" patriotism.
He openly attacked German-American
organizations and activities in this
country, long before we entered the
war. He was an unsparing critic of
watchful waiting. He foresaw our
entrance Into the war, ' and bitterly
reproached the National Administra
tion for its failure to get ready. As
a result he further incensed and an
tagonized the Democratic party, and
he alienated the pacifists and he
greatly angered many citizens of Ger
man birth or ancestry all together
a formidable and apparently irresist
ible political combination. He was
then the best-hated American citizen.
If the nomination of Theodore
Roosevelt by the Republicans had
seemed possible in 1914, it was obvi
ously suicidal when 1916 rolled
around; and he was not seriously con
In view of what happened in 1914-5-16,
the public may well believe
Theodore Roosevelt when he says that
he has "no concern with any future"
which does not permit him to do
what he as a patriot thinks
WHY A MUSIC FESTIVAL?
There Is native In the Latin and
Teutonic soul a love of music. It is
there because the Teuton and Latin
are born and reared in a musical at
mosphere; and there Is a musical at
mosphere because for generations the
study and practice of the musical art
have been a part of the education of
every German, every Italian, and most
Frenchmen and Spaniards. They love
music because they understand It;
and they understand it because they
love It. If there is a paradox here,
let it stand.
There are some features about Eu
ropean life we do not exclude Ger
many, at least pre-war Germany
which America may well envy; and
one of them is the universal enjoy
ment of music. It is not an accident
that the ordinary mind is attuned to
harmonious thoughts and outgivings;
it is a part of the common thought
and training. The state there is a
patron of music; and municipalities
have their opera houses, where there
is a permanent organization devoted
to musical production. They are as
proud of their musical stock com
panies, and of their various stars, as
the average American village is of its
Incidentally, it may be said that, in
the development of artistic education
most American communities are still
in the brass-band era. We do not
intend of course to deride the village
band as an institution, only to define
the village status musically. Just
as the dime novel leads unspoiled ap
petttes usually to a hunger for and
appreciation of better literature, and
the newspaper comic inspires the ju
venile intelligence to a thirst for bet
ter humor, so the music of the village
band is better than no music, and it
is the forerunner of the orchestra,
the chorus, and, eventually, of the
The outlook of the German and the
Frenchman and the other continen
tals ; has not the same diversity or
uncertainty as the American; and he
has more time to think and act about
the things which have interested his
people from time immemorial. Here
in the United States music is an avo
cation ana not a vocation more or
less of an incident and afterthought.
Tet there are many American com
munities which have come to take
their music seriously, and even sclen
tlflcally; and they have determined
that, if it is good, it is also worth
having -the best; and in that way
there- are many lesser cities which
have their own symphony orchestras
such as Boston and Minneapolis
and others specialize in musical fes
tivals such as Springfield, Massa
chusetts, Newark, New Jersey, and
Cincinnati, Ohio. Each of these places
has an organization of distinction and
each has reflected credit and a cer
tain measure of glory upon its spon
Portland has a symphony orchestra
which has given pleasure and satis
faction to Us patrons; and has given
a real stimulus to higher artistic
knowledge and insight by the entire)
city; and disinterested and devoted
citizens, men and women, have
sought to install as a regular
feature of the educational prog
ress of the city an annual musi
cal festival. The first event, last year,
was a musical success, and not a fi
nancial failure. They were encour
aged to go ahead with their plans
and the time is here for the second
Some persons have thought that
public entertainments of various kind
should be suspended for the war; and
the Music Festival has been deemed
by them as one to be dropped. It may
be said in reply that it is indispen
sable to the morale of the Americans
left at home that they carry on as
: usual, as nearly as may be, and to
that end that all activities, public Svnd
private, not in conflict with war meas
ures, be continued. We would not
have any American citizen do or think
less about the war, but rather more;
but there is danger, on thcother hand,
of depression and morbidity, and It
should be avoided at any cost. What
so helpful to enthusiasm, cheer and
diversion as an oratorio, sung by
many volces.-wlth competent princi
pals? How can both participants
and auditors be aught but benefited?
The second annual Music Festival
begins at the Auditorium tonight. It
is yet an experiment. If the public
patronage is adequate, it will be re
peated next year. If not, it may be
assumed that the people do not want
Revival of the shipbuilding industry
throughout the country not only will
supply us with material for a new
merchant marine, but it will Instill a
sense of individual responsibility for
the work of the team intp a good
many thousands of men. In a spe
cial sense, the ship depends for Its
security upon the good faith and the
honest labor of every man concerned
in the making of It.
Captain McAlister, of the United
States Coast Guard, a veteran sea
farer, says In the Emergency Fleet
News that In ships more than in any
other product of the skill of man
there is no place for excess materials
with which to compensate with quan
tity for lack of quality. There must
be no defective part in a storm-tossed
fabric where the slightest failure is
likely to result in the loss of ship and
crew. Captain McAlister recounts thai
an important weld in a forging has
been known to cause the loss of a ship
and part of her crew, while badly pro
portioned sheer strakes have accounted
for the breaking in two of several ves
sels in heavy seas. Slight defects of
rigging .have cost thousands of lives.
Men engaged in building ships with
which to win the war will be especially
susceptible to appeals to their patriot
ism, and it is not conceivable that a
worker so employed would skimp a
job upon which so much depends. It
is safe to predict, however, that once
the habit of working conscientiously
has been formed, it will not be broken
easily. There is .an inward glow of
satisfaction which attends a good job
well done and which Is ample com
pensation for extra effort. Few who
have felt the pride of the master
workman revert to slovenly ways. The
interdependence of workmen, which is
feature of shipbuilding, will be a fine
thing for the country as a whole.
DRAINAGE .IN OREGON.
Drainage of swamp or occasionally
overflowed land is one of the readiest
means of increasing food production.
and therefore may be considered one
of those enterprises which fit in with
the work of the war. It makes avail
able for cultivation land which has
been enriched by many years of vege
table decay and which gives a greater
yield per acre than ordinary land.
For this reason it Is to be hoped that
a way will be found to drain the area
along the south bank of the Colum
bia River In Multnomah County with
out impairing the usefulness of. the
sloughs for navigation and municipal
A similar commendable purpose
would be served by the combined ir
rigation and drainage project near
Eugene. We have become so habit
uated to regard the climate of West
ern Oregon as wet that not enough
attention has been given to a remedy
for the long Summer drought. At the
same time large areas have been suf
fered to remain swamp which could
be made fertile by drainage, and these
areas are so closely adjacent to land
which becomes dry in Summer that
the drainage of the one can be ef
fected in conjunction with the irriga
tion of the other. Such seems to be
the case at Eugene and in several
parts of Eastern Oregon. The advan
tage of reclaiming the tracts in ques
tion is that they are well supplied
with transportation and are near large
cities, and are thus good fields for
Though effort to improve and set
tie the broad back country of East
ern Oregon 6hould continue; energy
may well be concentrated at present
on those neglected tracts in the de
veloped parts of the state which would
most readily give results.
NO ESCAPE FOB THE DISLOYAL. '
All persons who practice or con
template acts or expressions of espi
onage, treason or sedition against the
United States would do well to take
notice that the Government is not
only relentlessly prosecuting, but in
every case obtains convictions of the
guilty, and that in most cases the
maximum sentence is Imposed. The
prosecuting officers of the Govern
ment are wide awake and able, and
juries are not swayed from their duty
by covert sympathy with the disloyal
or by misguided sentiment. There is
no safe course for any person in the
United States except fidelity o the
uovernment, or, it that sentiment be
lacking, conduct which at least out
wardly indicates it.
The far-reaching provisions of the
Federal law invoked by Special As
sistant Attorney-General Reames se
cured conviction of Emil Herman,
state secretary of the Socialist party of
Washington, for permitting a circular
opposing the draft to be posted In his
office at Everett, and a maximum
sentence of ten years" imprisonment
was imposed. All ' quibbles and ex
cuses were swept aside, and judge
and jury were guided only by the ob
viously seditious effect of the circu
lar and by Herman's equally obvious
responsibility for and approval of its
display. No technical point will save
an offender in these days when the
minds of all good Americans are fo
cused on one purpose.
Even more important, if possible, is
the conviction at South Bend, Wash.,
of Fred Lowery, organizer for the I.
W. W. on information filed by Prose
cuting Attorney , John I. O'Phelan
against him and Charlie Brown, for
it is the first time that the antl
anarchist law of Washington has been
Invoked In a case of Importance and
it proves that that law has teeth.
The terms of the law and the Inter
pretation placed upon it by the judge
and jury make pimple membership in
the I. W. W. a crime. This is plain
from the wording of the information
for it says that Lowery and Brown did
"willfully, wrongfully, feloniously and
anarchistically advocate, teach and
advise the duty, necessity and pro
priety of overthrowing and overturn
ing the organized Government of the
United States of America by the un
lawful means of an organization
known as the Industrial Workers of
the World"; that such was the pur
pose "by means of the members of
that organization arising in mass'
against the Government; and that the
defendants did organize, help to or
ganize and become members of and
voluntarily associate and assemble
with the said Industrial Workers of
The conviction of Lowery is there
fore a Conviction of the entire or
ganization and of all Its members for
violation of the law against anarchy.
It holds that membership alone, much
more attempts to extend the or
ganization. Is a crime, punishable un
der the law with ten years" imprison
ment and $5000 fine.
This Is only the beginning, for the
prosecution of Lowery was the result
of a conference of prosecuting attor
neys and sheriffs of Western Wash
ington with the State Council of De
fense,, at which Mr. Reames urged
more rigid enforcement of the state
laws, particularly the act against an
archy. Other prosecutions may be
expected to follow, not only of the
leaders, but of any man who holds a
Such laws as this, which would be
a desirable addition to the code of
every state, and the Federal laws
which have been enacted recently,
strike at all forms of hostile or trea
sonable action. Any person who ob
tains information for the purpose of
conveying It to Germany Is guilty of
espionage and, if a subject of Ger
many, may be shot as an enemy spy;
if a citizen of the United States, may
be punished for treason. A citizen
who, alone or with others, seeks to
overthrow the Government or aids
foreign enemies of the United States
is guilty of treason and may be exe
cuted as a traitor. A person who
causes commotion, is guilty of con
duct tending to treason, or excites dis
content against the Government or re
sistance to lawful authority, commits
sedition. The laws of the United
States cover all these offenses In all
their forms, and prosecuting officers
will bring the guilty to trial. Juries
will convict and Judges will sentence
them without mercy. The cases of
Meade and Herman at Seattle prove
that. The laws of some states cover)
like offenses and their officials and
Jurors are ready to do their full duty.
The case of Lowery at South Bend
proves that. Then let all who are
disposed to treason, espionage or se
dition beware, for the arm of the law
is long and strong and will not spare
The Matanuska district of Alaska
Is in a fair way to supply the entire
Alaska coast with potatoes. It has
made shipments to Anchorage, Cor
dova, Kennecot, Juneau, Ketchikan
and other places to . total of forty-
two tons, and has sent fifty bushels
to a mill at Idaho Falls, Idaho, to be
made into potato flour as a test. If
the test succeeds, a potato flour mill
and dehydrating plant may be erected
In the district. Those who have
scoffed at the suggestion of agricul
ture in Alaska should be silenced by
The true spirit of the American sea
man was shown on both sides by Cap
tain Newcomb, of the Cole, and Cap
tain Hart, of the Bristol. The latter
insisted on picking up the castaways,
tnougn warned to beat it quick or
that submarine will get "you," and the
Colo's men reciprocated by firing the
Bristol's boilers till they ran her speed
up from nine to seventeen knots 'an
hour and helped her to outrun the U-
boat. That spirit will beat the Hun.
Carrier, the French terrorist who
drowned prisoners by thousands In the
River Loire at Nantes, has a match
in the Bolshevik leader who perpe
trated wholesale drownings at Eupa
toria in the Crimea. But the Russian
revolution was to have been so blood
less that one of the first acts of the
provisional government was to abolish
the death penalty. The French were
almost as mild when they began, but
when blood got up, blood flowed.
Iowa was formerly supposed to be
a hotbed of pro-Germanism, but It
has given several proofs of being
staunchly pro-American, by Des
Moines, rivalry with Portland for lead
in the third Liberty loan drive and
now by telling the Non-Partisan
League to get out. The spotlight is
useful In drawing out latent Ameri
A glare In the midnight sky Is seen
so seldom in Portland because of the
work of the fire prevention bureau
When a fire starts It gets but little
headway, due to efficiency of the men
of the bureau. Portland Is called
lucky, but it is not all luck.
Coming of the U-boats may do more
good than harm, if It should speed
up shipbuilding on the Atlantic Coast.
also airplane production, that the
raiders may be run down.
Those four San Francisco women
rather upset calculations In deciding
a wife-beater should not be lashed.
Their husbands should appreciate the
Forty thousand colored registrants
have been called for this month, and
that means 39,993 .fighters, allowing
for one to be indisposed.
Casualties In aviation fields in thi
country are greater than abroad. Fly
ers In Europe are experts,- while the
boys here are beginners.
There will be a sign In the Amer
ican heavens Saturday that Mr. Billy
Hohenzollern Is going to be "licked
and by Americans.
With corn away above a dollar,
Iowa farmers have no patience with
non-partisan outfits under any name.
The husband's mother-in-law is all
right, but the wife's Is different so
it appears in many divorce suits.
When a man is caught with a bunch
of skeleton keys. It is the height of
humor to call him a "suspect."
There will be sorrow among the joy
riders, for they will be shining marks
for the anti-loafer police.
Buckwheat cakes belong to the
Winter diet, but anything good goes
during war time.
Throw rice no more at the bridal
couple. 'Send it around in a package
They're here those June days but
the bottom crust is a little bit too rare
Girls are selling smokes In the Bay
City and business will Improve.
Smoked glass will be in deman
Saturday. Get yours early.
Dr. Roberts" turn, now the woman
has been disposed of.
One million stronger tbts morning.
This, weather for. tub goodSj
Stars and Starmakers.
By Leone Case Bier.
Wbat'llya bet that Grace Lusk doesn't
go Into pictures or vaudeville In an
act written around her pretty story.
See where she is even now quite busy
sending out - "messages to other un
Bee where an actor and his actress
wife are celebrating their golden wed
ding. . They deserve headline space.
Fifty years married to an actor or
even an actress speaks volumes for
Woman writes to say that she wants
to wear divided skirts to farm in, but
he doesn't want to call them pants
and aska "what Ti. call them." Well,
by the time I'd reached' the end of a
perfect day of farm labor in a pair of
pant a I wouldn't give a darn what -the
things are called, would you?
James Heater, formerly a Baker play-
r, has one of the important roles In
"Mary's Ankle," which will be shown
tonight at the Helllg.
Carl McCuIlough Is accompanied on
his present Orpheum trip by his new
wife, who used to be May Thompson.
Bonlta, who recently divorced her
husband. Lew Hearn. Is breaking In a
new single act around San Francisco
Al Jolson at the Winter Garden last
Sunday asked everyone who could do
nate 5 to the Red Cross fund to stand
op. About 100 folk stood and then the
orchestra, acting upon a cue from the
rapid-thinking Al started playing "The
Star Spangled Banner." Report says
that the band Just kept playing the
anthem, no one could sit down, and
the collectors garnered In a huge har
vest of 1 5.
It seems to be pretty generally ad
mitted that. Anna Held will never re
cover from the little known disease
known to the medical profession as
myeloma. It Is a malignant affection
of the bone marrow and of the bone
substance Itself, and the entire frame
According to report her affliction Js
due to tight lacing, and she was
warned more than 15 years ago by a
physician that unless she ceased strap
ping herself so tightly she would one
day pay-the penalty.
William Faveraham has made the
suggestion to the American Red Cross
Headquarters in Washington that the
organization take over all the check
rooms in the hotels and theaters
throughout the country and devote the
revenues received to Red Cross work.
The idea will at least receive the full
hcarted sympathy and approval of the
public The heads of the organization
are looking Into the feasibility of the
Nat Goodwin, unaccompanied by Mrs.
Nat Goodwin (Marjorle Moreland), who
is busy getting a divorce in the East.
has gone to his ranch In Southern Call
fornla to spend the Summer. A new
Mrs. Goodwin, so rumor says, is hover
ing on the horizon. Details, however.
are lacking. Being Mrs. Nat Goodwin
Is losing its novelty.
May De Sousa Grant, known on the
stage as May De Sousa, has filed suit
for separate maintenance against Ray
inond G. Grant. She charges cruelty
and non-support and asks the custody
of her two children.
War has made heroes out of a lot
of timid souls. Just read where a
bunch of soldiers at an Army canton
ment at Camp Funston pelted two sal
vaudeville actors with hardtack be-
eause their act was so awful. Well, If
Army training makes men strong and
brave enough to kill a few vaudeville
actors I know, I'm for it, stronger than
Negotiations are now under way
whereby Kolb and Dill, comedians of
the Weber and Fields school, may ap
pear In "Friendly Enemies" in the Far
This is the piece which A. II. Woods
Is presenting at his new theater in
Chicago, with Louis Mann and Sam
Bernard In the principal roles.
Wise child that knows its own father
note: Mr. and Mrs. Jack Wise, of San
Francisco, announce the arrival of
son. Jack Herbert, on April Zl. Papa
Wise used to be with the Lyric.
'Member Tarzan, the monkey who
wasn't a monkey, but a clever little
undersized man at the Orpheum a few
weeks ago? Well, Tarsan Is the object
of some litigation. A Madame Cronln
has filed a complaint with the Joint
arbitration committee of the National
Vaudeville Artists and Vaudeville Man
agers' Protective Association, against
Felix Patty, manager of "Tarzan." Mine
Cronln alleges "Tarzan" Is Solomon
who appeared In an act under her
direction two years or more ago and
Is now making the basis of that turn
his present act. The committee is in
L'ddle Hartman, a sergeant, attached
to headquarters A. E. F. and formerly
a reporter on a New York theatrical
paper, reviews In this wise Elsie Janis1
act: "ElBle Janis at the T. M. tonight.
Take my tip the house was packed
Some on the rafters next to the roof,
but all saw Elsie, and the hit she made
was enough to bring joy to her heart
and the realization that her mission to
furnish entertainment for the boys
'over there' was a huge success. Mis
Janis is one of the first of the female
American stars to make a tour of the
camps In France, appearing at the
Y. M. C. A. huts and In towns of any
size at the local theater, giving i
free performance for the American sol
diers. Wherever she may go Miss Janis
scores her usual knockout, and from the
soldiers' point of view is the biggest
thing that ever came down the pike.
On this specific occasion the Inimitable
mlmlo kept up a eteady run of ap
plause for one hour. Interrupted only
by convulsions of laughter. Miss Janis'
work is one round after another of
clever entertainment, so construed as
to be comprehensible to the boy from
the sticks as well as those from the
big towns. Every one feels at home,
with both' general and buck private
equally entertained. It Is an appar
ently carefree Elsie that we have over
here, full of the old pep so necessary
and hard to keep so far from home. A
batch of Imitations constitutes her turn,
which cannot- rightly be termed such,
for it is an entire entertaniment. Miss
Janis is netting a wonderful example
for her fellow American stars. Elsie
Janis may be cited as having done hct
GRANGE REPUDIATES "LEAGIE"
Official Orgaa Says Organisations Have
Jfe Common Baala.
The following editorial appeared In
the National Grange Bulletin for April,
published at Springfield. I1L, official
organ of the National Grange:
"Some of the best friends of agricul
ture In the United States, who have
proved by their works that their devo
tion to Its welfare Is sincere, are seri
ously disturbed over the spread of a
movement in the Northwest which
bears every Indication of containing a
positive menace to the highest prog
ress of the real farmers of the country
and which Is destined to Injure the
very cause which it professes to espouse.
"Reference Is made to the so-called
Farmers' Nonpartisan League In sev
eral of the states In the Northwest,
which by whirlwind methods, by ex
travagant promises- and by radical pro
nouncements has been gathering great
momentum in some sections, while the
movement is also gaining a foothold in
some of the Eastern states. The very
nature of the new organization does
not point in the direction of perma
nence nor does it contain those ele
ments of strength that assure any
abiding service to the farm people in
any state; while the 'unfortunate en
tanglements this organization has per
mitted with those whose purpose Is
clearly to undermine the American
Government to reduce Its fighting effi
ciency and to give atd to the enemy is
an indictment against the Nonpartisan
League from which It can never clear
Itself in the estimate of patriotic, red
blooded American citizens, farmers and
"If the non-partisan League has not
actually surrendered Itself to disloyal
practices, it has at least trifled with its
reputation to a degree sufficient to put
It under suspicion in the eyes of every
"But the chief purpose of this arti
cle is to make clear that the Grange is
not Identified in any way with the Non-
partisan League and that the Grange
stands sponsor In no way for Its prin-
pies or us results, tnorn inn imvc
been made, in countless cases, to so en
tangle the Grange should be repudiated
at every point, for the Grange and the
Nonpartisan league are moving from
absolutely different viewpoints and
have no common basis. The Grange
was here, doing valiant service for the
farm people of the United States, long
before this new movement of the
Northwest was ever dreamed of, and
it may still be here after that move
ment has been forgotten.
The Grange is nonpartisan in the
true, broad sense. Its service is un
selfish and continuous for the farm in
terests of America. The Grange seeks
no class legislation or special favors
for farmers, simply because they are
farmers, but names as its supreme
Ideal "The greatest good to the greatest
number." The Grange is absolutely
loyal to Its Government and tolerates
ithln its meetings and among its
leaders no spark or even the sugges
tion of disloyalty. On these four de
cisive issues the Grange and the Non
partisan League are as wide apart as lr
oceans separated tiiem. J-et tins laci
be here and now made clear to every
one that whatever may be the future of
the Nonpartisan League, no responsi
bility for that future rests upon the
Grange or upon the real leaders of the
Grange. As the two organizations go
on tho fruits of each shall prove It, of
what manner It be."
HOW BI"1I.I AT PRKSENT PRICF.St
Problem of Houalnsr Worker Compli
cated by Coat of All Material.
PORTLAND. June 6. (To the Edi
tor.) We note with much Interest the
commendable work on the part of Mr.
Plummer. building Inspector, tending to
show that there is a need right now In
Portland for more housing facilities.
There Is no doubt that his con
clusions are correct, but tho trouble
with getting parties interested to the
extent of erecting houses or any other
building at this -time lies, not so much
in the recognized need as In the sup
posedly prohibitive prices for bulldina:
materials and the wages that must be
paid by the contractor which, com
bined, run the cost up too high lof this
kind of Investment.
Whether this opinion is well grouud
ed or not we aro not in position to
say for a certainty, but we aro met on
every turn by those who are able to
build and who desire to do so but who
frankly say they can see no pood reu
son why plaster, for Instance, that for
merly could be had for JS.OO or $9
should - now cost J17.&0 or $ IS. nor
plasterboard that formerly sold for IS
cents, now asking 35 rents, nor dia
mond mesh metal lath that bills show
bought at IT cents, now quoted t So
rents, nor wood lath that went at 11.75
now from $3 to $4 per thousand, nor
rement that was boucht at $!.t0 to
f 1.75 now 12.45 at the dock, while lum
ber, cull stuff and side cuts have all
gone Into aeroplane stock and soared
clear out of eisht.
While as to wages. "If tho Govern
ment under the pressure of war con
ditions la undor the necessity of paying
a wage that tha building business can
not stand, why we won't build, at least
not now. What's, the use?"
These are not imaginary supposi
tions, but are views actually held and
ofttlmes expressed. How to meet them
has not yet been told by architects nor
housing committees. Only necessity
can show a way through. Only a small
percentage of Portland's working peo
ple are working on Government work,
not all of our laborers have had their
wages or salaries raised to tho Gov
ernment war basis. The person who
builds a house for rent or for sale may
not sell or rent to a shipyard hidth
wago mechanic. Probably tho percent
age of those who earn to buy and settle
down is rather small.
So It boils down to this query: What
arguments can the members of the
housing committee use to Induce our
people to build under present condi
tions, admitting that all Mr. Tlummcr
has so well written to be truo?
A prize should be offered to the one
submitting the best argument.
O. . 1IUGHSON.
Manager Builders' Exchange.
THE LASTING HOPE.
There is a lasting hope, fragrant of
Song of th soul, touch of magic
Slumbering upon an undent altar.
Where burning sands blow ceaselessly.
Grinding their sharp crystals, without
Scarring the flesh wounding the heart.
Invoking the fire of hate.
Where passion springs.
Standing alone upon the open desert.
Surging before me bare and vast.
Ebbing in an upland slope.
Where mountains in repose
Lift their heads toward the sun.
Bathed in transcendent glory
Symbol of eternal peace
Where solemn beauty lasts.
Silently I cross this realm to my desire,
Whispering voices laughter almost
Grow vague and distant:
Strange they may seem
Hope's gentle voice sounds clear
Above the phantom din.
Sweeping away the dust of the unreal
From one long crushed.
Determined, I strive on through cloud
That whirl away in tatters my Ideals.
I'll solace coming storms
Gather the lost shreds together.
Mend the torn places.
Wear my priceless cloak.
With strength and Independence
A life-long shield.
HELEN WAY-CRAWFORD. .
In Other Days.
N Twemty-n v Tears Ago.
From The Ore son Ian. June 8, 1593.
Washington Jt is generally esti
mated that the Briggs heresy case has
cost the Presbyterian Church about
J50.000. besides 120,000 spent by Colonel .
XlcCook, of the prosecuting committee,
out of his own pocket.
New Tork Dr. Lyman Abbott, in his
sermon Sunday said Jthat Dr. Brtggs
an not the Presbyterian Church haj
defended the true Christian faith dur
ing the trial. It was not Dr. Briggs
who was heretical, he said, but tha
Washington The present financial
oondltion of the country is the only
menace to welfare and prosperity of
the land and as a result President
Cleveland has definitely decided on an
extra session to be held in September.
Spokane, June 5 This morning the
Bank of Spokane Falls, one of the old
est banks of the community, failed to
open its doors. Conrtdence in Mr. Can
non and the bank's ability is respon
sible for the absence of excitement.
Irving McQuarry. editor of the Ath
ena Press since 1SSS. has sold his In
terest to Professor J. W. Smith.
Colonel J. B. Eddy, of the Board of
Railway Commissioners, has returned
Irora a trip East.
Half a Century A aro.
From The Oreaonlan. Wune . 1SSS.
A. G. Mackey's address at the ad
journment of the Constitutional Con
vention of South Carolina gave a good
idea of the constitution which has been
ratified. Mr. Mackey was president ct
ReV. Guslavill l?in ia wrltt.n n
most instructive book. "Oregon and Its
Institutions," comprising a full historv
of Willamette University, the first es
laoiisned on the Pacific Coast.
Within the last eight centuries there
has been a famine In Russia on an
average of once every eight years.
A train of wagons arrived here yes
terday from the valley bringing a com
pany of emigrants who, after a long
residence in Oregon, propose to find a
new home in South Amerirt In the
company are Captain L. N. English niul
family, Jonathan Klggs and family,
Garrett Itiggs and family. Caleb Will
iams and family and L. N. Williams, Jr.,
TUB LITTLE BIRU.
A llttlo bird with feathers brown
Sat singing on a tree;
The song was very soft and low.
But sweet as it could be.
And all the people passing by
Looked up to see the bird
That- made the sweeleest melody
That ever they had heard.
But all the bright eyesooked In vain.
For birdie was so small.
And with a modest, dark brown coat.
lie made no show at all.
"Why. father." little Grade said.
"Where can this birdie be?
If I could sing a song like that
-' I'd get where folks could sec."
"I hope my little girl will learn
A lesson from that bird.
And try to do what good she cm
Not to be seen or heard.
"This birdie Is content to sit
Unnoticed by the way.
And sweetly sing his Maker's praise
From dawn to close of day.
"So live, my chlhl. all through jour
That, be It short or lone.
Though others may forget your looks.
They'll not forget your sonir."
E. 1 CLARE.
Sale of Mole SkJos.
CHEHAL.1S5. Wash.. June Z. (To the
Editor.) Much has been said to the
school children about trapping arul
skinning moles, both for their dcttruo
tlve habits and tho worth of their
I have CAU&iit and skinned a num
ber, but do not know where to send
tho skins, f'ouhl you refer me to a
place where I could get a good squ.ir.
Can you tell mo if it Is worth whl'i
to skin inoles with black of partly
black hides? Some sav it Is not.
HIGH SCHOOL STUDENT
Communicate with the leading fur
riers in any of the larcer Pacific Const
cities. Their nams are obtainable by
reference to the telephone or city di
rectories. Applying for Widow's Pension.
KERRY. Or., June 4. (To the Ed
itor.) IMrase advise mo .whether it
widow with seven children, under 14
years of ace. can get an allowance
from the state for herself and chil
dren under the widow's pension act.
She Is left without an Income of any
kind. She and her husband were both
foreign born, but bo was naturalised.
MHS. N. E. BARHAN.
Submit all the facts bearing upon the
case In question to the County Judge
of your county.
General Mood for Preaident.
KLAMATH FALLS, Or.. June 3. I To
the Editor.) I careful reading of tho
splendid editorial in The Oregonian of
May 2'J concerning General Leonard
Wood convinces me he is 110 per cnt
Presidential timber. His keen fore
sight equals that of the mighty Blaine,
his thoroughness and silence equal that
of the matchless Grant. Politics is a.
game all Americans enjoy and now is a
good time to start one.
W. O. BINNS.
Detention of Allen.
ACKOItA. Or.. June ,S. (To th Ed
itor.) Please let in know whether I
can tind out if a friend of mine who
has not been a naturalized citizen of
this country is in tho detention camp
for Germans or not. I was told that
lie was in there, but do not know whore
to write to. Ho was living In Seattle.
Write to I'nlted States District At
torney, Seattle, Wash.
Meanlnsr of Claaa
PORTLAND. June 5. (To the Eli
tor.) If a person has been put in class
CD, what does that signify? -
That tho registrant la a necessary
skilled Industrial laborer In a neces
sary industrial enterprise and that he
is not liable to draft until class 1 Is
Prexltlent and Wood.
PORTLAND. June 6. (To the Edi
tor.) What was the cause of the es
trangement or ill favor shown by the
President to General Wood?
ltOBERT C. PORTER.
The Oregonian printed editorials on
the subject May 29 and June 1.
Scout Mister In Portland.
TOLEDO. Or., June 4. Floase print
the-name and address of a scout mas
ter in Portland. II. I. E.
J. E. RrocKway, scout executive.
Northwestern Bank, building, Portland.