Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, March 11, 1918, Image 1

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    3k T
VOL LVIII NO. 17.878.
wire or former, statesman
American Official Ar
rives Safe in Port
Knowledge of Conditions at
Front Will Be Gained.
laJor-Grorral William M. Clark.
Chief of Engineer; Lieutenant
Colonel Brett anil Private Sec
retary Jlayee Arc la Party.
rARt., Vareh It The American
Secretary of War. Newton D. Laker,
feae arrived at a rr.ach port.
WASHINGTON-. March It. Upon
bearing of Srlrj Ilaker safe
rival In France, through the 'ated
Press dispatch from Pari. th War
I part me n t tonight announ-ed. that the
Secretary's la purely military and
act diplomatic and la for the parpoee
f Infraction and personal cosftrtnet
wl'h mll'tarr ffsclat.
.a official report on the Secretary
arrival had been reeeleed. The I r pa rt -to.
at l-uJ tola atatement:
"A cable dlnpatrh from Parte to the
Jteuwtated Pree tonight announce, the
arrival af a lrnrh port of the Secre
tary of War. Kor om time tWeretary
leaker has desired to visit the head
quarter ef the American eapeditlon
ary force. He veiled from an Amert
can p-rt about February 17.
Least h ef May 1'ndetermlnedu
"Secretary Ilakcr haa not determined
the l-nth of time be will remain in
Trance, but hie atay will be long
enough to enable him to make a thor
ough Inspection of the American forcea
sbrvad and to hold Important confer
- sore with American military official.
"It la epected that not only will
Secretary leaker visit the American
headquarter, but hie Inspection tour
will cover conetructlon project. In
cluding docks, railroad and ordnance
bases, now under way back of the
siertcan tinea.
Two OaVreea With e re-tary.
"The Secretary of War la accom
panied by Major-General William M.
lllack. lieutenant-Colonel M. L. Brett
and Ralph Hayes, private eecretary to
ilr. Raker."
Secretary Baker plana to apend a
brief time In France, Inspecting In
person the cpnerete re.ulta already
achieved In the effort a of hla depart
ment to place In the field thla )ear
an Army that will be a factor In the
campaign. On the eve of hla depar
ture Mr. Baker told members of the
preaa who have been In the habit of
seeing him every day that he did not
ipect to be away for any considerable
length of time.
The Secretary and hla party left
Washington without any other attempt
at concealment of their movement
than a request that the prees refrain
from reporting hla departure. The
newspapers again worked In hearty
co-operation to make the Journey 'aa
safe aa poeslble from Herman aub
marlnv. No hint of the trip baa been
Baker Kaaer to eo Froat.
For several month the War Seere.
tary ha been eager to see for himself
condition at the front and to talk over
with General Perhlna- the many pro
lma that hava arisen to Impede the
rarrvlnc out of the department's plan.
It was Impossible for General Pershing j
Mr. liaker therefor determined, after j
many conference with Frealdent Wil
son, to co himself on aa Inspection lour
whl.h will, be bell.vea. better fit him
for hla icreat rvepotialblllty la meeting
Ueaeral Pershtns'a requirements In
fighting men and materials and keep
Ice In operation a aupply lino more
tbaa - mllea Ion-.
Ulreet iBleeraaatlow Keeiabt.
It Is regarded aa probable, too. that
th secretary will take th opportunity I
to Inform the American commander In J
the field very fully as to all the hopea
and alma of the Government which are
at stake In th war.
Mr. Baker la the first member of
President Wilson's Cabinet to go to th
battle sne. Out of hi conference. ,
not only with General Tershlnc. but
with the leaders of the Frenrh and
British governments, will com direct
Information to the President as to
what is taking place In the allied coun
trles to aid him in shaping bis future
Th War Secretary I In Europe aa
the President' fftcial representative
and the fact that he is War Secretary
and not a diplomatic representative Is
regarded as evidence of the 'determin
ation of th President to press the war
aggressively to victory.
Fire Starting In Corbln, Mont., Ho
tel Lays Town Waste.
HELENA. Mont, March 10 Corbln.
a hamlet lying 2i miles south of Helens,
was practically destroyed by fire which
etarted tonight In the Corbln Hotel.
The town la mining camp. The loss
nay be tii.000.
Communication was interrupted by
the fire. So far aa known there were
Bo casualties.
Ilridc. Mr. Carol R. S perry, Xcc
Robert. Well Known In
lUkrr Couulj-, Oregon.
MOBILE. Ala, March 10. (Special)
Kx-l'nlted State Senator Jonathan
tkurne of Oregon was married here to
night to Mrs. Carol B. Sperry. Mrs.
Sperry has been In charge of Senator
iioorne'e plantation at Theodore, ton
tttngf several hundred acres, for a
The wedding was quiet, only a few
Intimate friends being; present. Rev.
J. W. 1'htlllps. of the First Baptist
Church, performed the ceremony.
Ex-Senator Bourne's bride waa for
merly Mlsa Robert, of a prominent
family of Eastern Ore-ton. especially
sell known throughout Baker County,
tihe wa private eecretary for Mr.
Bourne when he wa Senator. She Is a
comparatively young- woman, probably
around ZX. and attractive. She la Known
by a number of Portland residents and
frienda of Mr. Bourne.
The weddlna; wa no particular sur
prise to Mr. Bourne's friends here, as
the announcement had been expected
among hla Intimate frienda.
The weddlna; la the second venture
for each, the bride's first husband hav
ing likewise been a man of considerable
wealth and Influence.
Arret of One by Military Tollc
Rolls Vancouver, R. C, Worker.
VANCOUVER. C C March It. See
eral hundred longshoremen quit work
on the Vancouver waterfront laal
night when Teter Sinclair, one of their
number, waa arreated by the new police
force organised to enforce the military
service act In British Columbia. Sin
clair, according" to the police, proved
that he waa above draft age, and was
Headquarters of the International
longshoremen's Association was not!
fled of Sinclair's arrest, and union of
ficials, it la stated. Immediately lasued
an order for all their mrmhera to quit
work, pending; an Investigation.
More than 3 00,000 Ship Mechanic
Ready to Serve 'atlon.
WASHINGTON'. March 18. Figure
received at the Department Of Labor
yesterday showed that 100.00 mechan
lea hava registered for work in the
ahlrjvards and that many states have
already exceeded their qu.tas. 1111
nol. with a quota of !!.:, now has
2,000 enrolled. New Tork City haa
Dassed Its ojota of 10.000. Many of
these volunteers already have been sent
to the shlpyarde In tbe vicinity of New
Tork and to Hog; Island. Pennsylvania.
California haa paased Its mark of
ll.Slt. and Oregon has exceeded its
quota of .I0 by eOO.
Alleged Enibrialcr of Millions Dls-
mlsM-ft Reports as raise.
WASHINGTON. March 10. Frank J.
Goldsoll. held her on charges of the
French Kmbaasy that he. embexxled
millions of dollars on French war con
tracta in America, last night denied
statements of Assistant Attorney-General
Becker, of New York, that docu
ments had been found among Goldsoll'a
papers in New York Implicating; French
government officials within bis alleged
illegal operations.
Mr. Goldsoll dismissed also as false
reports that German war films bad
been found In hla effects.
Sinking; of Cereal Cargo May Result
In rbyslcal Reprisals.
GENEVA. March 10 Physical re
prisals against Germany are unani
mously demanded by the allied portion
of the Swiss press for the sinking- of
the steamer Sardlnero, with lSi tooa
of cereals destined for Switzerland. It
has demanded that th Swiss govern-
I ment shall not send th usual harmless
note of proteat to Germany, but will
order a It per cent diminution In the
bread rations granted the German
colony In Swltaerland.
Thla colony numbers 530. 000.
Prof ror Young Named to National
War Prison Organisation.
:t"i '.FNi:. Or.. March 10. Professor
F. G. Young, of the economics depart
ment of the University of Oregon, has
received appointment as representative
of Oregon on the National war prison
Professor Toons; has telegraphed his
acceptance and has been Instructed to
nominate county representatives to act
under him In the new work.
Foreign Minister Refuses to Talk
of Army Mobilization.
TOKIO. Saturday. March t. Vlseount
Motono. the Japaneae Foreign Minister,
was questioned today In the House of
Representatives by the leader of the
opposition concerning tbe mobilisation
of the Japaneae Army.
The Foreign Minister refuaed to be
drawn into a discussion of the subject.
Eleven LclV Crafts
Ui'.te in Work.
Stately Structure Flanked
Postoffice and Hotel.
Headquarters From Which lo Direct
Third Liberty Loan Drive Is Joint
Donation of Labor and Capital
In Interest of Democracy.
Between morn and night ths stately
structure rose Portland's Liberty
At 1 o'clock last night the rays of
high-perched flood-lights illumed In
bright outline on Morrison street,
flanked by the Postoffice and Portland
HotcL a pretentious edifice, reared
from the pavement In a day.
Those who paused to behold and ad
mire, though perhaps not knowing It.
saw before them the finest symbol of
Portland's war democracy and patriot
Ism the city has' ever produced. Yes.
Into that building had gone the thought.
the energy and the means of hodcar
rier and millionaire, of toiler and cap
italist, all. expended voluntarily, even
gladly for tbe good of the Nation.
Teseple Believed I alque.
Portland's Liberty Temple, so far as
known, the only on of Its kind in the
United States, was conceived as a head
quarters from which to direct the great
third liberty loan drive. This only is
the purpoae it will serve.
More than 1000 worker besieged the
committee, offering their services, and
every stick of timber and every nail
waa donated by business men.
The committee to which was dele
gated the task of formulating and exe
cuting plans for th temple wa headed
by Julius Meter. With hiirr- served Guy
Talbot. A. L, Flab, Eric V. Hauaer and
B. C. BalL
He pease of Labor Generous.
So generous was the response of the
labor organisations of the city that
th entire task of construction was
placed In their hands. That they made
ample preparation was fully evident to
the thousands of spectators who yester
day watched the big structure rise with
magic speed.
Though th building; was not quite
completed, very little that was set as
a task for the day had to be left un
finished last night. During1 the prog
ress of the construction work ISO toil
ers participated, each group being on
hand promptly when needed and each
forcing- the group ahead to topmost
Klerea Labor Crafts Eagaged.
Eleven labor crafts were directly en
gaged In the herculean task of rearing
the temple, with three other unions
..--1 t.' rl nn I'n. 4 Column 5.
Cnltcd Hebrew Trades Speakers
Defy Wilson and Courts and
Speak of Revolution.
NEW TOrtK. March 10. The United
Hebrew Trades came to the rescue of
Thomas Mooney, sentenced to death a
San Francisco, as a result of the Pre
paredncss day bomb explosion In July,
1915, at a made meeting here today.
Socialist orators made fiery speeches
in his behalf, but denounced with al
most equal vigor Samuel Gompers and
the American Federation of Labor.
There were no indications that the
breach between the two labor organ
Izatlons has been healed.
"We stand for something more than
tho mere organization of labor, de
clared Frank A. Sieverman. "We stand
for social and political revolution In
this country and that's why they fear
us. We have met here today to de
mand that Tom Mooney shall have I
new trial. Don't worry, my friends.
Your Tom will never be hanged. Why?
Simply because the Socialists, revolu
tionists of America, are behind him.
'We ask no aid from organized labor
from Samuel Gompers down. We ask
no publicity from the capitalist press.
We ask no favor from the Wilsons nor
the Judges of the courts, nor the prose
cuting- attorneys. But Tom Mooney
111 never be hanged. Their powers
are paralysed when Socialism makes a
threat and Socialism and revolution
are behind Mooney.
A similar stand was taken by the
other speakers.
So Eastern College Girls Wanted on
Farms, Says Defense Council.
LINCOLN, Neb.. March 10. No East
ern collctro girls arc wanted on Ne
braska farms this Summer, according
o the executive board of the woman's
committee of the State Council of De
fense, which yesterday adopted a reso-
utlon opposing- any effort to send
women and girls to Western farms. The
resolution was aimed at the woman's
land army, under whose direction Vas-
ar and Bernard and other college girls
have been organized for farm work
next Summer.
Robber Enters Wallace Store
Steals Tray of Diamonds.
WALLACE. Idaho. March 10. A
burglar Saturday night entered the
Huemann Jewelry store, removed a tray
f mounted diamonds valued at 3000
rom the showcase and fla from the
cash register, and made his escape.
Entrance was gained to the store
hrough a side window while H. M.
Huemann, proprietor, was at lunch.
Chinese Government Troops Suffer
"Severe Reverse.
PEKING, Thursday. March 7. Gov
ernment troops have suffered a severe
reverse through the rapture of Chengtu,
capital of the province of Sze-Chuen, by
forces from Yunnan and Kwelchow,
provinces bordering- on the south of
'y "VO''Bk
- f-Trye
Paris Object of Great
Air Assault.
Damages Done by Germans
Otherwise Is Slight.
French . Artillery Opens Fire When
Alarm Is Sounded and Assailants
Finally Are Driven Back.
Red Cross Aids Injured.
PARIS, March 10. It now la reported
officially that 13 persona were killed
and 60 woanded ia Friday Bight's air
raid. .
PARIS. Saturday. March 9. Ten or
12 squadrons of bombing- airplanes par
ticipated In tbe German raid on Paris
Last night, according- to official infor
mation. The casualties were nine
killed and 39 persons wounded. .
One of the raiding- machines was de
An 'official statement says an air
plane of the Gotha type was found In
the forest of Compiegne, where it had
fallen while returning- from, the raid
on the capital. The machine had been
demolished and Its crew of four burned
to death. ;
Some of the raiders came by the way
of the valley of tho Oise, others fol
lowed the route of the llarne. while
still others came from the direction of
Alarm Sounded In Parts.
An official account of the raid says
that the alarm was sounded at 8:37
o'clock Friday evening- and was pre
ceded by cannonading-. French artillery
opened fire at 8:54 o'clock, producing a
violent curtain of fire from All military
posts in the regions north and north
east of Paris, which was maintained
without interruption until tho raiders
departed. -.
Sixty-one defensive airships from the
entrenched camps of Paris took tho air.
A large number of enemy machines
were repulsed by the aerial defense and
did not succeed In reaching- Paris.
These machines were forced, to drop
bombs in considerable numbers on open
fields and in the suburbs.
Although the raiders came In larger
numbers than on any preceding raids,
the bombs dropped in the Inhabited dis
trlcts were far less numerous and they
did very little or no damage.
President Heartens People.
President Polncare visited the places
where bombs had fallen and spoke
kindly word of encouragement to the
people whose homes had been de
During- the raid on Paris French avi
ators near the front, who kept in con-
tant communication with the capital,
took the air and bombarded the air
dromes from which the enemy ma-
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 3.)
Lcttcr to Eugene Woman Tells of
Battle Near Hankow Sixty
Orientals Reported Killed.
EUGENE, March 10. (Special.)
How hundreds of Chinese ewarmed the
banks of the river near Hankow, China,
and attacked the V- S. S. Monocacy
killing- one American and wounding
two others, is reiated in a letter re
ceived by Mrs. Elsie Shepherd from her
nephew, E. C. Richardson. The letter
says that, according- to reports re
ceived by the American Consul, 60 of
the Chinese were killed.
"Well, auntie, I had my first battle
on the 17th of January," Richardson
writes. "A person surely feels funny
until he fires a couple of shots, then
you seem to want to kill. The battle
lasted only a little while. We were at
tacked by Chinese pirates or rebels, we
don't know which. They fired about
3000 shots at us, and we fired about
the same number. They killed one of
our men and wounded two.
"The American Consul said he had
received a report that we killed 60 of
them. There are only 47 of us here,
and, from what we could eee, there
were about 400 Chinamen near the
beach and a bunch back inland. They
shot down on us from a bank. We
were forced to shoot up, but we surely
used our heads."
Andy O'Ferrell, son of James O'Fer
rell, of Eugene, also took part In the
battle with the Chinese as a member of
the crew of the Monocacy. A letter
was received from him last week tell
ing of the fighting.
War Measure
Hits Even Oriental
of Honolulu.
HONOLULU, T. H., March 1. (By
Mall.) Uncle Sam's war tax has pene
trated the Oriental quarter of Hono
lulu and laid its burden on the quaint
geisha girl with her tinkling- saraisen
and her dance. The Treasury Depart
ment has ruled that she is subject to
war tax.
Colonel Howard Hathaway, Collect
or of Internal Revenue, has received
word from Washington in answer to a
recent cable. The reply states that
geisna ounces are to .be classed as
cabarets and that they must keep ac
count of their collections, which are to
be filed regularly at the office of the
Revenue- Collector.
Twenty Thousand Men Pass'in Re-
. view at Cninp Kearney.
CAMP KEARNF.T. San Diego, Ca!.,
March 10. The greatest number of
men ever gathered under arms in the
Western part of the United States
passed In review before Major-General
Frederick S. Strong, commander of the
40th Division, here yesterday. The re
view was an inspiring sight, long ranks
of men swinging past the reviewing
stand In perfect step, at a smart pace,
until more than 20,000 of them had
passed. More than 7000 horses and
mules and several thousand vehicles
were In the review.
General Strong led the review to the
stand, followed by his staff and the
French and British missions.
The Weather.
TESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 43
degrees; minimum. o7 degrees.
TODAY'S Bain; northeasterly winds.
Newton D. Baker arrives in France. Page 1.
Big force of German airplanes raids French
capital. Page 1.
American patrol defeats Germans In skir
mish. Page 1.
Washington declares German advance in
Russia will not help enemy to win war.
Page 2.
German news all colored to suit ruling pow
ers, rage a.
War Department firm in Its attitude toward
casualty lists. Page 3.
Section of British press voices distrust of
Japan entering Siberia. Page 2,
Socialist orators defy Government in Mooney
case. Puge J.
Tornado In Ohio kills two and does much
damage. Page 5.
V, J. Mayo, rich New Haven manufacturer.
to wed housekeeper. Page 3.
Ex-Senator Jonathan Bourne weds former
secretary. Page 1.
Capital in demand far in ercess of supply.
Page S.
Portland Gun Club makes score of 121 In
Northwest tournament. Page 10.
Al Pommers and Marty Farrell ready lor
Wednesday night bout. Page lo.
Wood hum makes best score In Columbla-
WUIametle shoot. Page 10.
Pacific Northwest.
Chinese pirates attack United States ship
near Hanicow, Jugene man learns.
Page 1.
Steamer Admiral Evans, wrecked on Alaska
coast, not seriously damaged. Fage 11.
Witness tor state In Aberdeen gambling case
attacked by thugs. rage a.
Kappa Sigma Nu Installed at O. A. C.
Page V.
Seattle Union Official says Unions will not
delay ship work. Page 11.
Portland and Vicinity.
Pipe organ recital by Edwin A. Kraft tri
umph. Page 7.
Luther D. Wishard, personal representative
of President, speaker at Y. M. C. A.
Page 14.
Portland's Liberty Temple built in day.
Page 1.
Soldiers aid police in patrolling downtown
streets. Page 7.
Rev. K. W." Rogers, now pastor of Calvary
Presbyterian Church, discusses upon ever
lasting life. Page 0.
Faith greatest asset of man or nation, says
Bishop Hughes. Page 9.
Oregon makes fine comparative showing in
Bhlp production. Page 11.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 11.
Linn County lays claim to first place in war
stamp sales. . Page 8.
Portland's 1818 war garden drive will begin
Friday. Page 6.
Recall of Mayor Clark, of Camas, crucial
achievement la clean-up criuaUe. Page 11.
tor Scene of Skirmish.
Teutons Attack British Along
3000-Yard Front; Gain Brief.
Hostile Artillery Xcar Armenticres
and Menin Road Active Brit
ons Successfully Raid Ger
mans In Cambral Vicinity.
FRANCE, March 8. A small American
patrol early today met an enemy pa
trol In No Man's Land near Chemin des
Dames and fired on the enemy. A sharp
skirmish resulted, the accurate firing
of the Americans causing one enemy
casualty and probably three others.
The Americans returned to their lines
without a man beirg scratched.
Gas Falls of Purpose.
The troops on the Lorraine front at
the same time suffered an extreme
ly heavy concentrated bombardment.
Northwest of Toul the enemy flrcd
nearly 100 gas shells Into one of the
American battery positions in a short
time, but not a man so far has been
sent to a hospital because of the
rapidity with which gas masks were
American artillery blew up an enemy
ammunition dump. The heavy shells
dropped there resulted In a flash, fol
lowed by flames and great clouds of
smoke. The American artillery also
shelled heavily the enemy's Srst and
second lines.
Germans Fall Victims.
American snipers have been espe
cially active during the last 24 hours,
one sharpshooter killing a German who
was walking on a parapet, while other
sharpshooters were successful in hit
ting other Germans who showed them
Enemy automatic rifles were espe
cially active last night and early this
morning, but did little damage. There
is normal artillery activity today.
FRANCE, March D. Hard fighting took
place this morning along a front of
more than 3000 yards, running south
east from Poelderhoek, astride the
Menin road, where the Germans last
night attacked and succeeded in occupy
ing some advanced positions. The Ger
mans advanced at 6 o clock, after a
heavy bombardment.
The British infantry, assisted by the
artillery, offered strenuous resistance
and repelled the enemy everywhere, ex
cepting at some points along a sector of
approximately two miles.
Tluna Driven Back.
The British this morning counter
attacked vigorously. The German at
tack was the racond delivered by him
yesterday against the Uritish, the other
assault being along a 2000-yard front
south of Houtholat Wood, where the
enemy occupied elx advanced posts.
At midforenoon the British counter
assaulted so violently that the Germans
fled and were driven 300 yards behind
the original enemy post. All British
positions were re-established. The
German casualties were heavy and
much in excess of those suffered by the
(By the Associated Press.)
FRANCE, March 9. Some of the Amer
icans in a listening post in front of
their line northwest of Toul early this
morning discovered an enemy patrol
fixing their own wire, and promptly
opened fire. The Germans retreated,
leaving two of their number hanging
on the barbs.
Red Crons Held Sacred.
Some hours after daylight a party of
five Germans, two infantrymen and
three Red Cross workers, started for
their comrades entangled in the wires.
The Americans saw the Red Cross
brassards and did not fire on the party,
which removed the bodies.
There has been increased sniping
activity along the whole of the Ameri
can front during the last 24 hours.
One enemy post gave the American
special trouble during the night, plac-
iConcludeil on Page
Column 4.)
The actions of the German
armies in Belgium, In Poland and
In Northern France have blotted
the record of humanity.
The evidence in the case Is set
forth in an official book Just
published by the United States
A copy of this book will be
sent free to any reader of The
i To secure a copy of thla frea
book, send your name and ad
dress with a 2 -cent stamp for
return postage to The Portland
Oregonian Information Bureau.
Frederic J. Haskin, Director,
Washington, D. C Ask for "Ger
man War Practices."