Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 21, 1918, Image 1

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    4
GERARD'S NEW BOOK
Don't MUm This Expos of
Han Duplicity to Start
Next Sunday.
DON'T MISS GERARD
The Oregonian Will Print
His New Book Starting
February 24.
VOL. LVIII.-XO. I7.8G3.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 21,- 1918.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FRENCH ATTACK ON
U. S. BATTLE PLANE
RANCHER IS SLAIN
PEAK OF SHIPPING
SHORTAGE PASSED
AMERICAN FLYERS
AMAZE DIPLOMAT
20 PER CENT RISE
WIDE FRONT WINS
DURING EMBROGLIO
SCHEDULE BEAP
IN
KXCESS OF 400 PRISONERS
ARE CAPTURED.
QUARREL OVER LAND RESULTS
AMBASSADOR SHARP SEES U.
BOYS SOAR OVER FRANCE.
IX 1EATII OF E. McCUE.
(0- II X I
M
GERMAN
INVADERS
DASH
RUSSIA
FOR Hfl
URGED
Masses Appear Not to
Approve New War.
AUSTRIAN FEELING STIRRED
iCuehfmann Warns Reichstag
Against Slav Peace.
German Again Attempt Ha III Upon
Amrrkiu Line, but Artillery
Sends Huns to Cover.
First Shipnt Is Made
.5 Months Early.
TROTSKY HELD INSINCERE
Ilrnnomlc Advantages of Ukraine
$ct Pointed Out Promise Made
Poland Shall Have Voire
la Cholm Settlement.
!ERUX. via London. Feb, 20. Th
forward movement of tha German
troop aaatward Into Russia continue.
according to the official communication
Issued thia evening. Tha test of tha
communication aays:
"Tha forward movement eontlnuea In
tha east. German troopa have entered
Ksthoma- Werder haa been passed
through la an easterly direction.
German force on tha Russian front
yesterday advanced to the northeast
and east of Dvinsk. the German War
Office announced today.
The town of Werder. Eathonia. la slt
ttated on the coast of Bol Sound. It Is
probable that the forces landing; there
cam from Moon or Oesel Islands, which
11 off the Ksthonla coast and which
for a Ions time have been occupied by
the German.
Trateaa Near Herat.
Werder la about (S miles southwest
of the Important Gulf of Finland port.
ItevaL
VIENNA, via London. Feb. 20. The
report from Austrian headquarter to
day says:
"General von Llnslngen'a troop have
advanced further In the direction of
Kovno tRuaala)." ' . . ...
LONDON. Feb. 10 Germany's new
war against Russia apparently la not
popular with the German or Austrian
people, accord ins to comment In - the
press of the two countries.
"When the Brest-Lltovsk negotia
tions closed all talk In Germany was of
peace. The school cnnaren were given
holiday and joy bells were rung. The
public apparently did not discriminate
between peace with the Ukraine and
with Great Russia, but acclaimed It
as a general peace with Russia.
Fit las of Blaase Deataaded.
George Bernhard. in the Vosslsche
Zeitung. emphasise thla point and
wants an explanation of who waa re
sponsible for this disappointment. The
socialist Vorwaerta takes the same Una.
A large section of opinion In Austria-
Hungary also Is alarmed over the proa
pct of a renewal of war with Russia.
Dispatches from Amsterdam and
Zurich quote Austro-Hungarian news
paper to this effect, and a Vienna
dispatch to the Vosslsche Zeitung re
ports a rising of feeling against Ger
many on account of her action against
Russia.
The Arbeiter Zeitung. Vienna's lead
ing Socialist newspaper, insist em
phatically that Austria-Hungary must
not take part In a new offensive.
Sew War Held IbsmmIM.
"Austria-Hungary." It says, "cannot
Binder the plan of the German im
periallsta. but It cannot and dare not
Join Germany In a new war on Russia.
This appear also to be the view of
the Emperor and the government, but
the people demand from Count Csernln,
the Foreign Secretary, absolute assur
ance that Austro-Hungary regards her
war with Russia a ended."
MACHINES ON WAY TO FRANCE
Liberty Motor Is Feature o
Every Craft.
PARIS. Feb. JO. French detachments
made a heavy attack on the German
In Lorraine today, enterln trip Ger
man line over a large front and cap
turing more than 00 prisoner, accord
ing to the War Office announcement
tonight.
WITH THK AMERICAN" ARMY IN
FRANCE. Feb. 10. (By the Associated
Press.) The German again attempted
a raid against the American lines last
night, but the raiders were discovered
and the artillery, responding to rocket
most Instantly. The Germans' path BAKER ISSUES STATEMENT
back to their line was markd by red
lines.
In the night a machine gun bullet
killed an American private
Knemr plane flew over the entire
position repeatedly today.
One American machine. In a dash
over an enemy trench, sprayed it with
machine gun bullets.
LONDON". Feb. 10. Major-General
Frederick B. Maurice, chief director of
military operation at the British War
Office, said today there had been no
developments on the west front during
the last fortnight to Indicate that the
German offensive waa near. One of the
most satisfactory feature of the work
of the two week In the west haa been
the continued British successes In the
air. which had great Importance as the
preliminary to any battle. He added
that the rBitlsh air predominance ham
pered the enemy tremendously In gain
ing Information which waa required by
him before any important battle.
Remaining Problem of America's
Sky-Fighting- Campaign Is De
clared to Be the Securing
of Skilled 31echanlcs.
LUMBER PLANT MAY QUIT
Baker Company Threatens Suspen
sion; Unable to Get Car.
BAKER. Or.. Feb. 10. (Special.)
Unless car are received by tomorrow
the Baker White Pine Lumber Com
pany. employing 100 men, it Is atated
br Frank Gardinier. president of the
company, will be forced to suspend should not be exaggerated, and should
WASHINGTON. Feb. 20. The first
American-built battle planes are en
route to France, nearly five months
ahead of the original schedule.
In making this announcement to
night. Secretary Baker said the first
shipment, although In Itself not large,
"mark the final overcoming of many
difficulties met In building up this
new and Intricate Industry."
'"These planes." Mr. Baker said, "are
equipped with the first Liberty motors
from machine production. One of them
In a recent test surpassed all records
for speed and climbing for planes of
that type.
Kaarlae Prodoctloa Near Peak.
Engine production, which began a
month ago. Is now on a quantity basis
and the peak of production will be
reached In a few weeks. Only the U-
cylinder type Is being turned out, as
developments abroad have made It wise
to concentrate on the high-powered
engine Instead of the eight-cylinder."
Optimistic as the following state
ments appear, the Secretary said they
operations and lay the men off.
It la asserted by Mr. Gardinier that
for the Jast four days .the company has
received no cars at all and that the
other lumber companies her are In the
same Ax a bis company. Officials of
the lumber - companies thia afternoon
were considering the calling of a meet
ing of Baker citizens to protest to the
Oregon Public Service Commisaion and
also to Director of Railways McAdoo.
AMSTERDAM. Feb. 10. According
to Berlin dispatches today. Dr. Her
man Taasche. the Vice Prssldent
of the Reichstag. discussed the
Ukranlan peace and Germany's Inten
tions In the east yesterday, and con
cluded by declaring:
-However mucn we desire peace, we
are firmly resolved to hold out with
genuine German loyalty until a peace
is attained which guaranteea us. in a
free country, washed by a free ocean,
the certainty of healthy development."
The Ukrainian peace. Dr. Paasche
said, showed that the central powers
were in earnest agreement with the
Emperor's declaration that they were
waaing no war of conquest. The
liolshevlkl. when they found the Ger
mans could not be enticed to destroy
the foundation of civic liberty, he
said, broke off the negotiations.
Haa Deelarew to Sbadder.
"We now shudder at the contem
plation of the cruelties of the lawless
bands which support the present so
railed government of Russia." he con
tinued, "and we hope that the energetic
action on our part will help the races
which severed, themselves from old
Russia, according to the principle of
the right of self-determination, to re
turn to peaceful work, freed from the
terrible scourge of the Bolshevik! bor
der hordes."
PETROGRAD. Feb. I. General
Hoffman, the German military repre
sentative at the Brest-Lltovsk peace
ronference. haa telegraphed to the
liolxheviki government for a written
authentication of the Russian wireless
peace message sent yesterday to Ber
lin. General Hoffmann, according to a
Russian official statement given out
today, say that the authentication
must be sent to the German command
at Dvinsk.
The Russian official statement says
that a messenger from Petrosrrad is
belnr sent to Dvinsk today tth the
original peace message, which was
iCoacuded ea S. Coiasa'Xi
be considered In the light of these,
faces:
"That .ftri'.' throe, year ef warfare
the total number of planes able to
take the sir at any one time on either
side of the western front has not been
more than 2500.
Each Marhlae Require 48 Mem.
That 46 men are required on the
ground for every plane in the air, mak
ing a total of 115,000 men needed for
the present maximum of 2500 planes.
"That for every Diane In tha air
TEUTON PLOT STIRS SPAIN there mu"t be two replacement planes
on the ground ana one training plane
for every pilot, who eventually reaches
the front, with a spare engine for each
plane."
After reviewing the many obstacles
that had to be overcome in getting the
aircraft production programme under
way, Mr. Baker said the great prob
lem now remaining Is to secure the
thousands of skilled mechanics, engine
men, motor repairmen, wood and metal
workers, etc. needed to keep the planes
in perfect condition, and without which
the machines turned out soon would
be useless and the flyers helpless.
'At best." said the Secretary, "the
(Concluded on Pare Column 2.)
Fritx Rader, Long Creek, Fires Three
Bullets Into Victim's Body.
Slayer Surrenders.
CANYON CITT. Or., Feb. 20. (Spe
cial.) Fritz Rader. of Lonk Creek, shot
and almost Instantly killed E. McCue
this afternoon, eight miles from Long
Creek on one of the Rader ranches
where Mr. McCue was feeding stock
It is supposed they quarreled over a
matter pertaining to the ranch.
Mr. Rader is the son of George Rader,
a well-to-do farmer In that section.
Mr. McCue came to this county last
Fall and took up a homestead In Silvies
Valley, where his wife and four girls
were at the 'time of the tragedy.
Mr. Rader shot his victim three times,
the first shot lodging inthe temple
and the other two in the stomach. He
fell mortally wounded and lived about
an hour.
Mr. Rader later appeared before
Sheriff Howell here and' was taken Into
custody.
COLLEGES GET MILLIONS
Will of General Horace Carpentlcr
Is Filed at New York.
NEW YORK. Feb. 20. Large be
quests to educational institutions were
provided in the will, filed here today.
of General Horace W. Carpentier, one
of the original "Forty-niners" and a
former Mayor of Oakland, Cal.. who
died January 31 at the age of 92.
His estate is valued at S3.500.000.
To Barnard College was left outright
3200.000 "for scholarships or assistance
from time to time to deserving girls.
not excluding Chinese seeking educa
tion there." The residuary estate,
which is expected to exceed 32.000,000,
ill go to Columbia University and
Barnard, "share and share alike."
To the University of California was
given 3100,000, and a like amount was
left to the Pacific Theological Sem
inary at Berkeley.
German Embassy Said to Be in
League With Anarchist Leaders,
PARIS. Feb. 20. Close relations be
tween the Germaa embassy at Madrid
and the most notorious anarchists in
Spain have been brought to light, ac
cording to the Matin.
The newspaper El Sol had published
documents to prove that Dr. von
Stohrer. second secretary of the Ger
man embassy at Madrid, sent money to
anarchistic agitators and committed
the Imprudence of writing to them.
The propaganda thus financed, adds
this paper, waa directed not only
against public order, but even against
the person of the King. The revela
tions have had a deep effect in Madrid.
OHIO SOLDIER MADE HAPPY
Governor Cox Cables Lad Father
Is Pardoned From Prison.
COLUMBUS, O. Pol . 20. X - single
word, "pardoned," was cabled to a boy
with the American expeditionary forces
in France by Governor Cox today. It
s an answer to a letter Just received
from the Ohio soldier, who asked that
his father be pardoned from the peni
tentiary.
"I am willing to die for my country
and I could die happy if I could but
know he is free to care for my mother,"
wrote the boy.
The man had been convicted of steal
ing and had alr-.oet a year more to
serve..
Low Point Hit About
February 1.
STEADY INCREASE IN PROSPECT
Transportation Facilities
Allies Growing.
for
U-BOAT POWER CRIPPLED
COLLEGE TEACHER NAMED
Miss Van Rensselaer Gets Appoint
ment From Food Administration.
ALBANY, N. Y.. Feb. 20. Miss Mar
tha Van Rensselaer, of the department
of home economics. New York State Col
lege of Agriculture, Cornell University,
has been appointed head of the division
of home conservation of the United
States Food Administration. I
Improvement in Harbor Facilities
and Defenses in France Has
Contributed to Change
for Better.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. Overseas
ship tonnage available to America and
the allies passed its low point about
February 1, several weeks earlier than
shipping experts had predicted.
Officials believe the upward curve
will continue until the war is ended
unless difficulties not now foreseen are
encountered.
In support of this belief attention
was called today to the satisfactory
results obtained In the campaign
against enemy submarines; to the fact
that Government ships now are coming
from American yards and to the prog
ress of negotiations for neutral vessels
to be I'sed In the non-hazardous trades
to release other shipping for overseas
carrying.
Expert Estimates I'pset.
When experts first plotted the curve
of the tonnage supply, taking into con
sideration the greatest success of sub
marines and all possible contingencies
In the domestic situation, they found
that the number of vessels available
for transporting troops and for feed-
ng the allies would be lower toward
the end of this month than at any other
period.
t Just how -close to. the- danger point
that would be they did not care to say.
Knowledge that the Germans sank
about 6,000,000 tons of ships in 1917,
nearly three times as much, as was
produced in Great Britain and the
United States, did not change their esti
mates.
For the last three weeks the charts
of the Shipping Board have shown
steady upward trend. Officials think
that from now on new factors will aid
rather than retard the efforts to put
more ships into service.
Chief of these will be the restriction
of Imports, made effective February 16
the results of which will not be notice-
able for weeks yet. As more ships are
needed they will be withdrawn from
the neutral trade and commerce with
those countries curtailed to that extent.
Officials declined to say what was the
dominating factor in checking the de
cline in available tonnage, but it is well
known that optimistic opinions are
held regarding the anti-submarine
campaign.
Despite labor troubles, confidence is
Astonishing Progress at Aviation
Camp Abroad Reported French
Instructor Lauds Yankees.
(By tfto Associated Press.)
PARIS, Feb. 20. A city of 4500 in
habitant where six months ago there
was a vacant field; many of the finest
intellectual and physical specimens of
America's young manhood, vieing with
one another in mastering the art of
flying, and hundreds of airplanes con
Unually hovering or spiraling over
head, are facts that caused William G.
Sharp, the American Ambassador here,
enthusiasm and delight at the achieve
ments of the aviation department of
the American Army when visiting the
largest American aviation camp in
France a few days ago.
The Ambassador said he was greatly
impressed by the work accomplished in
the short time, as ground at the avia
tion camp was only broken last Au
gust. The boys are working under
ideal conditions.
The French officer of Instruction
told the Ambassador that the American
boys are marvelous fliers, quick to
learn, courageous and energetic and
will develop rapidly into "aces" com
parable to the renowned air men in
other armies. The men receive thor
ough preparation in this camp, but
have to take a post-graduate course at
another aviation camp near the front
for a few weeks before going over the
lines to face the Germans. The full
fledged aviators turned out daily at
this camp are immediately replaced by
other novices.
'(Concluded on Page 2, Column 4.)
WARMER DAY PROMISED
Old Earns Dae to Retire Into Ice
Caves Soon.
Cheer up! It' going to moderate to
day and that Pacific Coast Nemesis, old
East Wind, I due to spend Itself.
The weather man last night predicted
fair weather with moderating tempera
ture and "slight" easterly wind.
Earlier In the 'ay he thought he saw
indications of another drop In the mer
cury, but these were dissipated later.
when warmer weather started this way.
It wasn't o cold yesterday. It only
seemed cold. The temperature waa of
ficially 32 at It lowest mi-k, and 38 at
the warmest time of the day.
OVER IN SEATTLE THEY HAVE PUT THE LID ON HIRAM GILL AGAIN.
BLOW AIMED AT WEALTH J
Montana Would Conscript All For
tunes of Above Million.
HELENA. Mont- Feb. 20. The Moo-
tana House today adopted. SI to 27. a
Joint resolution to Congress asking that
the Nation conscript all fortunes above
31.000.000 for war expenses and a reso
lution asking that Congress give the
President power to fix prices on grain
sack, binding twine and farm ma
chinery.
Adjournment of the Legislature.
which waa to have come today, has
been put off by the Impeachment pro
ceedings against Judge C. L. Crum, of
the Fiftieth Judicial District.
PHYSICIANS ARE HOPEFUL
Senator Chamberlain's Condition
Said to Be Satisfactory.
OREGONIAN NEW8 BUREAU. Wash
ington. Feb. 20. Senator Chamberlain's
condition tonight is considered by his
physician to b satisfactory. No un
favorable symptoms have developed
sine bis operation.
Tomorrow the doctors believe It will
be possible, with reasonable certainty,
to tell what progress to expect later
IX hM considerable P4n
t
I-
5OLlTlCl
7HE LP
AVIATION SIT SELECTED
Sacramento Business Men Raise
950,000 Fund to Prepare Ground.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 20. A site at
Sacramento, Cal.,. has been approved by
the War Department for an Army avia
tion school.
SACRAMENTO, Cal., Feb. 20. The
870-acre site approved by the War De
partment for an Army aviation school
is situated at Mills Station, 12 miles
southeast of Sacramento. A fund of
550,000 was raised by Sacramento busi
ness men to put the site in the condition
required by the Government.
. It Is expected afleast 1100 men will
be stationed at .the school, which will
have' 72 airplanes.
Minimum Wage Body
Makes Compromise.
INCREASE IS HELD NECESSARY
Mercantile Class Scale Is Set
at $11.10 Weekly. '
CONFERENCE IS DRAMATIC
Objections Are Voiced by Workers
Representatives, Who Contend for
Advance Equal to Increase
in Cost of Living.
DRAFT EVADER SENTENCED
Court-Martial Gives Colorado Man
20 Years In Penitentiary.
CAMP FUNSTON. Feb. 20. A sen
tence 'of 20 years in the penitentiary
has been imposed upon Gordon Sprad
lin, of Montrose County, Colorado, re
cently convicted by a court-martial
here of evading the draft, it was an
nounced today.
Spradlin also was convicted upon a
charge of desertion.
Death Is Confirmed.
MARSHFIELD. Or., Feb. 20. (Spe
cial.) Confirmation was received here
tonight by E. XV. Bernitt, father of
Sidney Birnett, of the reported loss of
the young man in the Tuscania sinking.
The dispatch came from the War De
partment and said the sender deeply
gretted having to advise that it was
officially known the son had perished.
H.USltJL SaVS-fc. a sMJLat3J3
L-L-J
i
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 39
degrees; minimum temperature, 31 de
grees.
TODAY'S Fair, with slowly moderating
temperatures; iigm easterly winds.
War.
First shipment of American-made battle
planes on way to France five months
ahead of schedule. Page 1.
American aviators amaze Ambassador Sharp
by progress. Fage 1.
Secretary Baker in war review says Ger
mans pin hope to big smash on western
front. Page 4.
Last Increments of first Army draft to go
to camps tnia weea. page 3.
Foreign.
German Invasion of Russia unpopular with
masses of central empires, page
National.
Railroad financing difficulties disclosed s
real reason for Government control.
Page 2.
Method of preferential coal distribution is
worked out. Page 4.
Agreement reached on war finance corpo
ration Din. page a.
Colonel Dlsque appointed lumber and timber
dictator of Pacific Northwest. Page 0.
Domestic.
Peak of shortage In allied shipping passed.
Page 1.
Sports.
Vancouver. Wash., to decide about appli
cation for franchise today. Page 16.
Shipbuilders' League rounding Into form.
Page 10,
Columbia wins title of League A in lnter-
scholastlc basketball. Page 16.-
University of Washington wrestlers leave
tomorrow for Corvallls. Page 16.
Portland Revolver Club finishes three
matches In championship series. Page 16.
Pacific Northwest.
Livestock conference and show open at Spo
kane today. Page 6.
Commercial sad Marine.
Local barley market continues its sdvance
with no sellers. Page 17.
Oats sell at record price in Chicago pit.
Page 17.
Stock market under persistent pressure.
Page 17.
Policy of shipping Northwest lumber to
southern shipyards slows up work here.
Page 13.
Portland and Vicinity.
L. J. Simpson, of Coos Bay. seeks Republi
can nomination for Governor. Page 7.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 13.
Judge Rossman calls traffic law violators to
account. Page. U.
"Red" Rupert, alleged bond thief, and wife
reconciled. Page IS.
Portland motion picture standard reported
to be high. Page 11.
Price of salmon doubles between Xu&erjgan
ana conauuex, ?g .
Twenty per cent increase over exist
ing minimum wage scales for women
workers of Oregon, in recognition of
the materially increased cost of liv
ing, was recommended yesterday by
a majority vote of the special confer
ence committee appointed to investi
gate conditions and to make report to
the Industrial Welfare Commission.
The session was not without dra
matic elements of objection, voiced by
workers and their partisans, who ar
gued that the proposed advance does
not adequately meet cost increases, and
so fails of its purpose to provide an
actual living wage.
- Proposed Rise Defended.
To this argument members of the
commission, led by Chairman E. C.
Bronaugh, replied that the proposed
wage Increase is equitable in every re
spect, conserving the interests of both
employes and employers, and that self
denial and sacrifice must be expected
from both during a period of unprece
dented stress.
The proposed increase, however, rep
resents an advance of from 1 to 2 per
cent over that suggested at the pre
vious session, for experienced workers,
and of approximately S per cent over
that proposed for apprentices. The pur
pose of the session, to hear comment
and suggestion on the wage tentatively
proposed last week, was fulfilled by ex
haustive discussion which won the ad
vance. Farther Rise Argued.
"Then this tentative wage, in the
minds of the committee, is a sufficient
wage?" was a query launched at the
opening.
"Yes, It is,' 'answered Chairman Bro
naugh. "Not entirely adequate," demurred
Mrs. W. L. Brewster, member of the
committee.
"The wage should have gone up as
high as the cost of living has," said
Mrs. Elizabeth Love, of the committee.
"If living expenses have gone up 30
to 40 per cent, then the minimum wage
should reach at least 30 per cent."
Chairman Bronaugh explained that
the establishment of a minimum wage
does not recognize the assumption that
workers are always to remain in the
minimum class, but merely provides a
basis for advancement on merit.
Conditions Are Discussed.
"Does the committee think that the
minimum wage is a wage that a girl
in the working class can live on?" pur
sued Professor W. C. Morgan, of Reed
College.
"To put up the wage to anything like
30 per cent," replied Chairman Bron
augh, "would be entirely out of bounds
by comparison with neighboring states,
and would put tne burden of stress
under which we are living entirely
upon one class. My sympathies are en
tirely with the workers, but the in
crease must leave the business man
and manufacturer a chance to meet
competition."
From the ranks of auditors came the
(Concluded on Page 5, Column 1.)
THE SAILOR'S BOOK IS FREE.
The United States Navy wanjs
e, clean-cut
an think fast I
more men.
It wants nimble,
young fellows who can
all the time and shoot straight if
necessary. J
The RIGHT kind of men are
wanted RIGHT now.
The Sailor's Book describes the ?
life of the man-of-war's man J
' his training, his work, his recre-
ation, his pay and his chance for t
advancement.
It has 60 pages, printed in new,
clear type, on fine book paper and
profusely illustrated. The front- J
Ispiece shows the majestic Penn- I
sylvanta plunging through the I
waves. 1 f
You may not want to enlist, J
but you should READ THE
SAILOR'S BOOK.
The history of the American
Navy, from John Paul Jones to t
Admiral Dewey, is an unbroken
record of valor. Its greatest trial 7
may be yet to come.
You should know all about its
men and their work. It is a pa-
triotic duty.
The Sailor's Book is free. It
will be mailed to any address if a
2-cent stamp is sent for return
postage. .' V
Send to Frederic J. Haskin, di
rector Oregonian Information Bu
reau, Washington, D. C.
Do NOT write to The Oregonian
at Tortland. I