Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 13, 1918, Image 1

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VOL. LYIII. 0. I7,8.6.
.teuton mm
Difficult Problems Ne
Gain-of Teutons.
Final Test of Arms Will Come
- on Western Front.-
British Government Refuse All
Jierognltioa of Pact; Bolshevik
.Explains lis Action la '
.Kef using toJlcbU
VASHINGTOJT. Feb. It With th
penlng of th. (rMt ctmptlin of 1)1
n th western front apparently to
sight, military men hr examined to
day with profound Inumt th situa
tion create by th alanine of A peace
pact between the central pom era and
b new I'hraln republic and the de
cision of the Bolshevik Rnulin govern
ment to demobtlli the army.
Their conclusions were. not discourse
Inc. Th.s events on their face would
appear to st free enormous German
forcea for th Impending baltla In the
weat and also to furnish new sources
f food supply for the'Teutonlc allies,
but many factors detract from th ad
vantages the central powers nay de
Few C;ereaaae Held tn It .la.
On of th threats against th west-
am front dereU upon In public discus
Ion Is th fact that presumably 1.109.
' prisoners of war held by Ruasla
would Ue released 10 strengthen the
German army.
' TO fart ts said to be. howeeer. that
th ureal majority of th soldiers rap
tared br th Russians are Austrian
not available for western front opera
tions by preeeut Indications.
Most af tli others are civilians or
amp followers of on Tstnd or another,
and. so far as known, only a small
numb- of German troops were rapture-!
on that fron"t. Any men from the
;rion camps are regarded aa of doubt
- fUl military value- far soma time to
corn, as th Russians, unable to feed
their own soldiers, hardly have Im
proved the health of th captives.
' 1 are I a Rrieeme Cripple.
There Is doubt here, also, a to th
stent to which th agricultural re
sources of th I'kraln or of Russia
can' be broucht to th aid of th Ger
man people la th near future.
Failure of th Russian transportation
system worked In Germany's Internet
in undermining th dentins: power of
th Russian armies. The sara agancy
Dow. necessarily, worka acalnst th
central power la ita deslr to cat out
food supplies.
Moreover, th bert wheat regions
which may be opened to th Germans
a-r In a remote section of th Ukraine
sod la such poor condition that th ag
ricultural system may hare to b mad
ver. a difficult process with th con
tusion that prevails throughout th
tec ion.
Frontier Must Be Curded.
TmAbl!lsatton of th Russian army
will not mean that the
forces on th frontiers can ba
wholly withdrawn. There will be a
constant threat of renewed hostilities
And th Germans -must to It that
ample fore Is always at band.
In fact, dlplomatlo obrvm aay Ger
many la confronted with the. most dif
ficult and unprecedented problema ahe
has met during th present war as a
remit of the declaration that Russia
ha abandoned hostilities without th
signing of a pear treaty.
Th refusal of the Russians to sgu
any treatiea alienating th Russian
.tern province, the dlplomata point
out. will leave th central potters with
out any legal claim to their possession.
Teaar lleete OA Foeeev
firm and Aurtrlan tenure will rest
ntirely upon the assertion of force.
without recognition of International
lw. and ron.)untlr must be subject
to the of nhatever form of
tribunal finally determines th basis of
general peace.
nould Oermany and Austria resolve
te refuse to recognize the Bolshevik
iecree aa terminating the war witlioal
the confirmation of that action by a
treatv In the usual form, their armies
vw oe in a poemou of killing aa
uareeistlng and unarmed people, a pro.
reeding miM-H here as certain to
cause trouble f.r the Teutonic govern
ments with their people at home.
Aa appeal from the Russian peasants
t th working claese of Germaay and
Austria. It la believed her, would net
fail of a eympathetie response m
Vaxraaaing to th military j.rtisa.
el.henh, Srar ltirlil.
Tn Tatted state never has recog
felied th Hol.htvls. regime and Rus
sia abandonment of th war will not
Alter avtetlog relations. This waa
mad clear at th' mala Department
today, a here It ale waa stated that
th formal signing of a pecs treat y
by the aew government of th L'k raise
cnld aav so diplomatic rfect so far
AS tain Government ts concerned,
Ta first off.clal Inlimattoa that
rear had been signed was received to
ssy from "Minister Voplcka at Jaaa?,
yn-n ceniular officer aa Vntted
w ; tm .'- H l-aWt-USs 1.
Federal Food Board Takes Drastic
Action la Case of Aew York
Concern In Limelight.
yEW TORK. Feb. IS. Announcement
that th food license of B. Baff Son,
lne, of this city, wholesale poultry And
egg dealers, accused of profiteering,
has been revoked for the period of th
war by the National Food Administra
tion In Washington, was made tonight.
This Is. the most drastic order yet
Issued against New Tork food dealers.
The Baff firm purchased etc from
th Iowa Producing Company at SS 1-J
cents A dozen last April snd sold some
of them as high ss 11 cents to the job
hers At A time, when th Government
fixed prlc was 4f cents, according- to
the local board's findings.
This la th firm whoa former head,
Barnet Baff. was shot and killed a few
years ago by agents of th so-called
poultry trust which h had fought.
Several men ara serving prison terms
for ths crime.
Former Portland Bond Broker Se
cures License at Hood River.
HOOD RIVER. Or, Feb. 11. (Spe
cial." When he waa unable ts estab
lish Hood Hirer as the residence of
his finacee for th pant six months.
George W. Betts. formerly a Portland
bond broker, was refused a license to
marry alls Minnie Bartman at the
County Clerk's office this morning,
City Marshal J. K Carson interceded
In behalf of the applicant to wed. and
after a visit to the office of Dirtrlct
Attorney Derby, the' marriage permit
was secured. Mr. Carson escorted the
couple to the office of Justice of the
Peace Onthank and they were made
Th bride recently arrived In Canby
from Kansas. Mr. and lira Betts say
they contemplate making their horn In
Hood Kiver.
Second Lieutenant at Fort Bliss
Found Gallty by Court-Martial.
EL PASO. Feb. II. George W. Baker,
Seeond Lieutenant In an Infantry regi
ment ststloned st Fort Bliss, wss
found guilty by a court-martial snd
ordered dismissed from th Army oa a
charge of having been Intoxicated In
uniform. It was officially announced at
1 vision headquarters her today.
Frank Rayer. of Cleveland, O.. also
was found guilty of the technical
harge of desertion and sentenced to
years In Leavenworth prison and
dishonorably discharged from the
Army. It was alleged that he was
rafted at Cleveland, but deserted be
fore be wa called to th colors.
Mixture With Leas Than lH Per
Cant Wheat Need 'o Substitute.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 11. Mixed flours
containing less, than 60 per cent of
wheat flour may be sold without ac
companying substitutes, th Food Ad
ministration announced tonight.
Where a retailer sell mixed flours
containing mora than SO per cent of
wheat flour.. other substitutes must be
sold to bring the sale to a basis of one
pound of substitute for each pound of
wheat flour.
A special exreption may be granted
upon application showing necessity in
h ca.t of specially prepared Infant
and invalid food containing flour.
Ccntralla Thief Meets Whole Family
Before Making Escape.
CENTRAL! A, Wah, Feb. II. (Spe
cial.! Chased by J. H. Boa en. pro
prietor of th Columbia Hotel, threat
ened with a revolver in the hands of
Miss Margaret Bowen and struck by a
chunk of coal thrown by Mrs. Bowen.
a burglar who waa seen early Sunday
morning going through the rooms of
the hotel had A strenuous time before
finally making his getsway.
The thief answers the description of
a man who also entered a Pullman car
at the local depot Monday and stole
the trousers of A sleeping trsvrler.
Plijlclans Optimistic as to Mr,
Roosevelt's Condition.
XtW TORK. Feb. 12. Theodore
Roosevelt continues to make progress
at the Kooserrlt Hospital snd It was
believed tonight that he had made up
th ground lost In th setback on Sun
day. A bulletin Issued at the hospital said:
"This baa been Colonel KoosaVelt's
most cmfortab day." and "his prog
ress I lik sly to b uninterrupted from
now on.
Blanche Skx-urn, Grand Opera Sing
er. Allowed to Leave Germany.
CrTTt-AGOt Fex 12. Miss Blsnche
fi locum, of Chicago, a grand opra
nr. wna virtually has bn held a
prisoner tn Germany for several
months, finally has succeeded tn -obtaining
. H. Horum. her father, w-ss advised
t tht todsT by the American Consul
ar Coral at iiurr-b. Swi Jtriand.
Adami, Once Pro-German,
Will. Not Quit
lowan Has 23 Votes -Pledged
in National Committee.
Mayor Thompson, of Chicago, Whose
Americanism Has Been Under
Scrutiny, Offers Free
Speech Resolutions
ST. LOUIS. Feb. 15. Th Republican
National Committee , meeting today
waa a troubled one. and In an effort
to appease all factions, the vital mat
ter of tho selection of a chairman was
postponed until 1:30 o'clock tomorrow
The most reliable available figures
indicated 21 votes pledged to John T.
Adams, of Iowa, for chairman; 23
pledged to Will B. Kays, chairman of
th atata central committee of Indiana,
with five vote noncommittal.
Fred Stanley, of Kansas, who looked
aa a dark horse plainly during the
forenoon, disappeared as A candidate
during the afternoon, largely by rea
son of his Insistence that he desired
to vol to' th last for Adams.
A ease Flic ad Loyal. '
The expected public attack on Mr.
Adams did not materialise. His friends
asserted that h was fighting mad, snd
they were with him. He was a good
American, they said, and all the fight
In them had been stirred by the al
legations that he had been a leader in
pro-Germanism prior to the' entry of
the l'nltd Slates Into th war.
Mr. Adam wss secluded and busy
directing his fight during the day.
William Hale Thompson, Mayor of
Chicago, candidate for the Republican
Senatorial nomination next Fall and
attacked at timea a a pro-German.
enrolled himself on the. Adams side.
. Tbasapaoa Offers Defease, I
"I can see nothing In what Mr.
Adams has done or aald which would
disqualify him as a good American and
good Republican, declared the
Mr. Thompson Introduced a resolu
lon of some length which was referred
to the commute on resolutions.
It Indorsed th Constitution of the
United States with regard to free
speech and assembly, and called for
rigid adherence to the rules separat-
ng the powers of the legislative, exec
utive and Judicial departments of tile
Federal Government.
Reference to the fight of free s-
(Concluded on P.. . Column S.i
I'ive Killed and Nine Wonnded, Ac
cording to Official Statement..
Work -Is- Unhindered.
BERLIN, via Amsterdam, Feb. II.
Entente allied airplanes made SI" air
raid, on German-territory in the'month
of January, says an official statement
issued today by the German War Of
fice. As a result of these alr'attacks.
the statement adds, five persons were
killed and nine wounded. Insignificant
material damage was done. . The text
"The enemy made SI air attacks on
German territory during January. Fif
teen of this number were made on the
Lorraine and Luxembourg industrial
districts. . The towns raided included
Ludwigshaven, Freiburg, Trier (Trevis).
Friedrichshaven, Rastatt, Offenburg,
Mannheim and Karlsruhe.
"Although the number af ' attacks
compared with those - of the previous
month was considerably increased ow
ing to the favorable weather, the dam
age and losses fortunately were smaller.
Five persons were killed and nine
wounded. The material damage was
insignificant. There was no interrup
tion of work worth mentioning.
"The enemy lost four airplanes dur
ing these attarks."
Site Knee Deep In Mud, Owing to
Unusually. Hard Winter,
WASHINGTON. " Feb. 12. Camp
Greene, N. C now. occupied by regular
troops, la to be abandoned as a perma
nent training center.
Major-General Dickman : today re
ported the camp site knee deep in mud
in some places owing to an unusually
hard Winter and the clay soil which
underlies (ha surface and prevents
rapid absorption.
The medical department has deter
mined there Is no danger to the health
of the. soldiers there until Summer
comes. By that time the men will have
been moved.
Shortage ,1s . Estimated at - Seventy
Million Pounds.
' 0
TOLEDO. O, Feb. 12. Delegates to
Ohio R'rail' Clothiers and Fur
nishers' Association convention, which
opened here today, declared that there
Is only enough wool being raised in
this country to make one suit for each
inhabitant .every four years. ,
It Is estimated that the wool short
age Is 70,000.000 pounds.
Thirty Carloads of "Havana" . Des
tined to Soldiers In France.,
DURHAM. N. C. Feb. 1!. A train' of
30 cars loaded with tobacco destined
for the American troops in France was
given a rousing sendoff today as it
started on Its way. .
Non-Partisan Secretary
Gilbert Convicted.
Charges of, Plotting to Halt
. Enlistments Proved.
Warrant Will Probably - Be Served
Today on President of Organirsa-
. .tion . Accused of Trying to
Undermine Loyalty.
MINNEAPOLIS, Minn.. Feb. 12. (Spe
cial.) A. C. Townley, president of the
Non-Partisan League, for whose arrest
a warrant was issued in Lakefield yes
terday, charging conspiracy to discour
age enlistments. Is reported to be in
Thief River Falls today and is expected
In St. Paul tomorrow.
Authorities there said he would - be
arrested on arrival..
Joseph Gilbert,, secretary and organ
ization managed, tried on the same
charge and with violating the Minne
sota law covering disloyalty, was found
guilty in the District Court at Lake-
field tonight and sentenced to
months In the County Jail.
Gilbert Deemed Agent.
Gilbert was arrested here two weeks
agow hen he attempted to hold a league
organization meeting after it had been
forbidden by county officials.
New charges against Townley and
Gilbert were brought on the grounds
that Gilbert Is an agent of Townley and
that while be committed the actual act
which Is declared to be disloyal, town
Ify-ls his .employer and. therefore, dl
rects his. movements and is guilty o
conspiring with Gilbert to oppose the
Nation's military policy.
Seditions Speech Charged,
The disloyalty complaint against Gil
bert charged that in his recent speech
at Lakefield, before the meeting was
broken up by the Sheriff, he made the
following statement:
"AH young men who are on farms
should be left on the farms. They
should not be taken into the Army.
They are better oft where they are
than in the trenches, 5000 miles away.
Who is going to feed them when they
are 5000 miles away?
"When tlj Government conscripted
your hoys it did not conscript wealth.
If it had we would not have to have
wheatless and meatless days.-. .
Iaslduoo Appeal Made,
"You farmers are trying to produce
more crops than ever before: you have
had to subscribe to the liberty loan
(Concluded on Pa.i?e 8, Column 4.)
Deluded Huns Think Americans Are
. Only Amateurs and That Entente
Has. Deceived .Us Terribly.
NEW . TORK, Feb.. 12. Ignorance
displayed by German agents in Switz
erland concerning the war preparation
of the United Suites was described in
an address here today i by. Dr. Hugh
Birckhead, rector of Emanuel Church,
Baltimore, who had traveled extensive
ly in Europe as a representative of
the American Ked Cross.
- Dr. - Birckhead .said the "German
agents appeared glad to talk to an
American. They told -him that . the
United States "has been terribly de
celved by England and France" and
that the present policy of Germany is
"not to aruioy. America,, as she Is not
in earnest."
"The American Army -raised in one
year Is not efficient enough to cope
with the German machine of . 40 years'
training," Dr. Birckhead said the Gcr
man agents told him.
"The American soldiers are amateurs.
Tour rulers are assembling a force to
meet the inevitable conflict with
Japan. President Wilson is a'pacifist.
He will withdraw at any time. We are
bringing to bear powerful influences on
your Government today.
"Our agents are working day and
night.. You, an American, do not know
as much about your Government as
we do. We are Informed of every
move." -
Nephew of Ex-Taooma Ylayor Suc
cumbs at Marine Corps Hospital.
k BAKERSFIELD, Cal., Feb. 12.Allen
W.' Fawcett, aged 30, well known in
newspaper circles in California cities,
died at the Marine Corps Hospital in
Brooklyn, N. Y., -according to advices
received here today. He had been
transferred from Camp Kearny and
was " booked to sail on the Tuscania,
but became ill and was unable to go.
Mr( Fawcett was a nephew of a for
mer Mayor of Taooma, Wash. He en
listed last Summer af Bakersfield.
Federal Food Administration Takes
' Whole 1917 Crop at 8 Cents.
.DENVER, Colo.. Feb. 13. The 1917
crop of pinto beans will be bought by
the Federal Food Administration at a
price of 8 cents a pound, re-cleaned
basis, according to announcement here
tonight by J. B. Lamson, of the Food
The bean-growing sections of New
Mexico, Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas
and Nebraska are affected by the ar
The Wrather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 44
decrees; minimum, t degrees.
TODAY'S Occasional rain; westerly winds.
Germans profess not to fear United States'
war efforts. Page 1.
Germany admits air raids kill. Page X.
Better days coming for Turlcey, says Dr.
biuermer. .rage 3.
Importance of Russian collapse as war factor
minimized by American military observ
ers. -Page 1.
Newspapers of London and Paris praise out
spoken utterances of P.eaident Wilson.
Page 4.
Italians hold their line and hurl back Aus
trian s. Page 4.
American dead on Tuscania now placed at
Page lo.
Prosecution will ask Paris court to Inflict
ucttiii leiiicii-ja on duio x-asaa. rage .
Lloyd George sees no hope for peace tn
Czerin s attitude. Page 2.
British King invokes war spirit in speech to
Parliament, jPage z.
Congress prepares for fight on war-making
machine. Page 4.
Recent airing of War Department promiaes
good, results. Page 3.
Adams, with pro-German record, continues
fight to become Republican Isationai
Committee chairman. Page 8.
Railroads charged with violating law by
brotherhood ofiiclals. x'age la.
Secretary Baker's critics well informed.
Page 3.
Postofflce Department calls for bids for air
planes to carry mail. Page a.
Non-partisan League's secretary sentenced
to three monthi in jail. Pajre 1.
Prices for Northwest wheat may be made
uniform. Page 6.
Five aviators killed in American camps.
Page 8.
Republican National convention troubled by
ueriDavn Bptjviri . rage a.
Food profiteer pays severe penalty. Page L
Sport k.
Vancouver. Wash., may join Pacifc Coast
International. Page 14.
Portland wlli probably train at Pendleton
this year. Page 14.
Oregon-O. A, C. football game will be played
at Corvallia, Page 14.
Lincoln defeats Hill In League B basketball
contest. Page 14.
Pacific Northwest,
Neighbors' fight over dog fatal. Page 6.
Klamath County announces all is ready for
tmra uoerty loan onve. rage xo.
Commercial aad Marine.
L W. Litchfield, assistant diretor of Public
Service Reserve, passes day in Portland,
page 14,
Improvement noted la boxed apple trade.
Page 19.
Willamette Iron A Steel Works has 163 boil
ers under contract. Page 14.
. Portland an. Vicinity.
Portland pays tribute to memory of Abraham
Lincoln.' Page 1.
Flag should fly at full mast on Lincoln's
oirtnoay. rage a.
Auto Show eatis successful week tonight.
Pag V.
Portland boy is gassed. Page fl.
State Board meets and lays plans for vaca
tion! -classes, rage ii.
Police still cling to belief that Lieutenant
Twohy waa drowned. Page 7.
Red Cross Junior membership campaign in
Oregon begins.- Page 1.
Inntructor May will be reinstated. Page -0"1
Farmers Union not affiliated with Non
partisan League. Page 8. a
.Weather report, data and forecast. Pa4 la
Portland Pays Tribute
'to Nations .Martyr.
School Children Keep Alive
Emancipator's Memory, j
Special Lincoln Day Exercises Deal
With Mfe and Nature r, -Martyred
Fresident.lVith Songs . '
of - Country and Freedom. , :
In - common with all America, the
city of Portland yesterday gave many
a garland of love to the memory of
Abraham Lincoln on tire anniversary
of his birth. Always of great signifi
cance to the Nation, the day . grew
even greater, in fancy and actuality,
as thought turned to the epochal
crisis in tlie commonwealth's affairs .
such a crisis as President Lincoln
confronted, and mastered, though it led
to martyrdom.
If one is pessimistic in his view of
the American spirit of our deep love
for high ideals and affection for those
who interpret them, he might well
have attended the exercises at any
Portland school yesterday and felt
shame at his doubt. For the school
children of Portland keep the memory"
of the great emancipator green, and
through the simple exercises they offer
to it runs an understanding, an ap
preciation that will endure. -
Courts Closed la Tribute.
Yesterday was "non-Judicial' in the
legal calendar, and the courts were
closed in tribute to the lanky young
Kentucklan, who gleaned his first
book learning by the light of a log
fire, and to whom the pathway of the
law did not open in great. universities.
Once upon a time Abe Lincoln
coined, among tho myriad pithy
Americanisms . that are attributed to
him, the observation that "God must
have loved the common people, because
he made so many of them." When the
mints struck the new pennies they
bore the head of Lincoln to pass cur
rent among those folk that Lincoln
was so certain were close to the heart
of the universe.,-
Yesterday in Portland, as through
out America, all financial institutions
and banks closed their doors in
tribute to the great American, whose
profile, is on the humblest . coin their
complex counting machines . bale in
thousands. .
Special Exercises la Schools.
In the schools of Portland there were
special Lincoln day exercises, readings,
recitations and essays that dealt with
the life and lovable nature of the
martyred President, and there were
songs such as be cared for stanzas
that sing of the love of country and
Many. , of the downtown business
houses and all public buildings floated
flags in observance of the day, snd
several special Lincoln day assemblies
were held at which speakers told of
his worth to the Nation and his ex
ample to modern Americanism.
At the high schools speakers ad
dressed the students. Various frater
nal organizations observed the day.
The Modern Woodmen of America gave
programme and entertainment last
nieht at their hall. Williams avenue
and Skidmore street. At the Knights
Templar lodge, Washington Com
mandery, last night. Rev. Joshua Stans
field spoke 01 "Lincoln, Then and
Now.' A programme was given at
Bethel A. M. E. Church last night by
the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People. '
Patriotic Exercises Held to Ce1erate
4 ....
Emancipator's Birthday.
In song and story arid patriotic ad
dresses Hill Military Academy cele
brated Lincoln's birthday yesterday. A
majority of-' the" numbers exprefreed
tribute to the memory of the Great
Emancipator and loyalty to the eoiintry
and democracy. To the chorus Of
Rally Round the nag,'' the boys sang
with a vim. "Down With the Kaiser
and Up With the Stars."
B. S. Josselyn, one of the speakers.
recalled his boyhood days and spoke
of having seen Lincoln and having
attended the funeral. He advised the
cadets to be honest with themselves.
to appreciate the opportunities the?
have for getting an education, for pre
serving the right ideas and right ideais
and a patriotic spirit.
1. N. Day, a patron 'of the scjiool
(Concluded on Page -3, Coiumn 3. )
Readers who, want the Free
War Cook Book or who desire
service or Information from'
Washington will write DIRECT
to Frederick J. Hat kin. Director
Information Bureau of The Ore
gonian. Washington, D. C. En
close z-cent tstamp.
Do not send your letters ' of '
inquiry or for cook books to The
Oregenian. Write : DIRECT to
Haskin. .
. n y v
rrrn i i n n