Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 05, 1918, Page 3, Image 3

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Slow Starvation Is Sapping
Strength of People in
Central Empires.
Crate Condition Directly Traceable
lo War Are Shown In Report Soon
lo He Ixard by C 8. Bareaa
of Labor Statistic.
Feb. - (Special.)
A report sooa to be Issued by the
Vnlted Slates Bureau of Labor Stalls
tlra will deal wita the food situation la
1T In the countries of the allied cen
tral powers tGermany. Austria - Hon
wxty, Bularla and Turkey). Thla re
port, data for which have b.n obtained
from leading newspapers In the coon
trie, lee a general reelew of ths
lood situation In aach of tn.m. what
KMiinrfi the tOT. las adopted
In the att.mpt to control tha food ! p
plr ar.d to wean aa far aa poaelble It distribution anions all classes
vf th population, and In what aplrll
m.M reauUtiona baire been received
ar the people.
Certnanr la shown to b confronted
with a difficult problem, that of main
taining; tha proper balance of food aup
ptr amonc tha needs of tha army, of
srlrullure. of Industry, and of tha
ritrllian population. Interesting- In this
connection, and significant at onca of
tha anilely of tha authorltlea to obtal
fata and of the general ahortaao
foodstuff, la an announreinent In th
t'rlln Lokal-An:r for October
117. that th collecting office i
raying each or coup cuhea for frul
kernels and melon seed, from which to
ettract oil for margarine. Thla pay
men! la leap cubes wtich are rated
at tha caeh price of S " pfrnnlca (0
cent) per cob la a epeclal favor.
In regard to th livestock and mea
illation. Hrr von Waldrow. th new
t-ecrstarjr of State for th war food
bureau, said In a atatcmrnt to presa
reed aet-r laadeaaat.
tt la obvious that, besides metin
th neds of tha army, wa moat have
t'tird to tha malntenanca of agrteul
tural production. Hence, befor all.
acrtcultural draft animal muit be
adequately fed. If. aa Is unfortunately
probable, thla Is Incompatible with the
provision of sufficient fodder for the
fatlenlnc of rein and th maintenance
of our present stock of cattle, we must
proceed to a systematic reduction of
our atock of pics and cattle. Naturally
that will have Ita effect on th aupply
of meat, milk and fat. In tha case of
meat, a temporary Increase In tba ra-
t!on would ba followed by a decrease.
It wltl be particularly difficult this
winter to keep up tha aupply of milk
and butter.
Inirlnc the past Spring and Summer
rnany complaints hava been mada be
cause of th Increasing occurrence of
th so-called "food excursions. ily this
was meant the practice among urban
iw.Iers of going out to the rural dls
trlcts to secure food Illicitly. Accord
Ing to a proclamation Issued by thi
commanding General of tha province of
Krandenburg: "I'eople now ro out. not
tnerelv to buy. but to steal food or take
It forcibly; they hava the effrontery to
kelp themaelvea to standing field and
garden crops, often long befora thes
ar rip. Th Injury lo tha farmera
and to our future supply Is obvloua.
Knhbtng the fields and damaging the
rrtp I In wartime a crtrr.. and the
atrongest masura must b taken
aaainst H.-
Th government regulations control
ling each of the principal footatuffa
meat, potatoes, fata and oils. ess, rotlk.
butter, vegetables, fruit, sugar, etc
are not always successful from all
points of view. This Kali tha govern
ment granted varloja bonuses for the
speedy dellverv of potatoes. Th ob
J"t of hastening the delivery was at
tained. The potatoes poured Into the
towna at a quit embarrassing rat. In
some ptacea rations were doubled: In
otnera two or three weeks" rr.lnns
were issued In a sin si week. Tb
potatoes wer arriving In such quan
tities tht the communes cou" not ban-
le them.
retateea !ll la ran.
Nevertheless the Imperial potato of
ftc ordered that they b accepted. The
conaiuenc was that, for want of
rartvg facilities, the railroad cars
rouid not be unloaded and stood In the
-freight yards Im. Ing traffic. The
potatoea deteriorated and had to ba
aortd. Potatox-a of the first lat' va
rl-My do pot keep well, so people could
ttnl atnre them for V'ln'er use. and
).irge quantltlea wer therefor lost to
the food supply.
Th granting of th bonuses also
aroused considerable criticism on the
cor of th resultant high pricea to
tha coneumer. According to th Let p-
yiger olkssettung of September 1
11. th consumer's prlc must cover
li basic prtc of production, agent's
commission, speed bonus, loading bonus,
and possibly a dispatch bonus alto
gether about .i or ( marks tll.'l or
l per centner I12 pounds).
There will still remain cost of freight,
carriage and storage, so that tha final
prlc may amount to la marks tfi.ll)
or more per centner.
How tha food orders ar received In
se-me instances Is shown by an article
in th above-named newspaper oa th
occasion of tha Increase In th bread
ration which took effect August . 11,
"" "Those entltd to the supply will
quickly discover what this new regu
lation means to them. Instead of th
meat supplement. ro grams 1
pounds) of bread will be supplied till
ix-tober 1. That this Is not sufficient
compensation need not b pointed out.
After tvtober 1 th Id grams of bread
will be omitted and potatoes will be
surplled Instead. It la Impossible to go
on substituting one food for another
In th hop of making th consumers
t'illeve they ara being thus com pen -
All rat rrW. Mia.
Ftcurea taken from tha same paper
lowing tha prices of certain articles
of food In August. 1917. aa compared
with those prevailing at tb. outbreak
of tha war. Indicate that along with
th decreas In th food aupply baa
gone an enormous rise In food prices.
Thes figure show that tha Increases
In prices of the principal article axe:
Bread. T per cent; wheat flour. 10 per
rent: lard. .i per cent: first-quality
butter. Ill per cent: condensed milk.
: per cent: eggs, J57 per cent; pota
toes. J1 per cant, and aalad oil. 740
per cent.
In one section of tha report ar
shown, aa-far as data on thla point
could be obtained, tha average weekly
lood rations In It representative towns
of Germany for the four weeks ending
August . J 1 7. Although food ra
tions are generally fixed by the Im
perial war food bureau for the whole
mplr. la practlc tb rations appor
tioned to the civilian population vary
greatly from locality to locality and
ar dependent oa th actual aupply on
Aa a atep toward making tha avail
able food anfflce to feed tha whole
populace, war kitchens bava been
but St of the Sl
v a population of
A person fad at a
u!rd to aurrender
to tha kitchen a number of food tickets
representing tba klnda and amounts of
foods furnished him by tha kitchen.
These food tickets ara Issued by tha
authorities, and entitle th holder to
purchaae the articles of food named. In
the amounta specified. For meat and
potatoes, tlcketa are required In nearly
every town, but fat. puis, farinaceous
roods and flour are mire often sup
plied Irrespective of tickets.
The war kitchens In most towns pro
vide only midday meal, but where
evening meala ara ae -ved allowances
are mad from a fund provided by tha
King of Bavaria. Thla fund applle to
all Germany.
raoel Kltrbeaa Popalar.
Tba comparative popularity of war
kitchens Is a good Index to tha actual
condition of tha food supply. It Is In-i
tereatlng. therefore, to find a statement
In the Munchner Neueata Nachrlchtet
of September It. 117. that In aplta
the better barveat there 1 U accord
Ing to aa off clal Intimation, probabb
b an increase In th number of peo
pi who us th kitchens tbls yea- a
peclally if tb fat shortage should In
The question of grading food pricet
according to Income has recently been
much discussed in the German pr
Twnty-on of th larger cltlea. how
ever. bava. after Investigation, riven
up the Idea because of the technics
difficulties oT drawing a Just limit. The
fluctuationa of Income within the year,
the taxation according to tha prevtoo
year's Income, th number t nd age of
the children, social obligations all add
to th difficulties. Ia Altona l per
rent of tha population would belong to
the poorer classes, who would bava to
be privileged. In Berlin the number
with a taxable Income of over tiooo
marka (1142) forma only 1 per cent.
In Elberfeld S per cent hava a taxable
Income of less than it 60 marka 11571.20).
In Saarbruekcn 17 per cent earn less
than loo marka !714).
The limited aupply of food and the
wide as of substitutes seem to have
bad an affect on the public health.
During tha Hummer of 1017 numerous
report of the prevalence of dysentery
In Germany appeared. An article by
Professor Schwalbe states: "Most of the
cases must be considered aa a result of
war conditions Indigestible or dele
tertous foodstuffs, or fruit obtained In
a less fresh condition than formerly.
However, the general opinion la that
the bread, badly milled and badly
ukm. is toe cause.
Dyaeatery Veer Coeaaaoa.
The Berlin Voaslsche Zeltung of Sep-
tsmber 7. 101 T. states: "According to
current reports last month, one had the
Impression that every third person was
sutrertng from dysentery. But such
was. In reality, not th esse. Th In
fectious cases w.r limited to a small
number, and qul'e a small percentsge
fatal. The article ends, however,
with the atatement: The total number
of cases of dysentery for ITusrla dur
ing the period August & to 11 was
35a. with 130 dealha"
The Vorwa.rta for September 5. 1017.
states that: "The Spring months of 1017.
following the bad winter months, show
great Increase In the number of
deaths from phthlsts In Berlin. The
monthly tables published by the Berlin
statistical bureau for the time up to
May record for the Spring months.
Starch. April and Mar, 600. it; and 664
On all lio deatha from phthisis (In
cluding laryngeal phthisis), against
311 and 17 tin all 103: death In
the same montha of last year. The
deaths from pneumonia also greatly In
creased. In the three months 3t3, 3t:
and 3.11 deatha tin all loo) were re
ported, aa against 70. 103 and 170 (in
all ::) last year. From other diseases
of th lungs (Including pleurlsv) there
died 10(, l:t and 103 'In all 337) per
sons, aa against . 57 snd 47 (in all
10) last year. The death roll from
the three above-named disease amount
ed In tha Spring of 1017 to 1553 against
44 In tha Spring of 11. This In
crease can only partly be explained by
the Inclemency of the weather."
!rtoaa Coadltloa bwra.
The above figures, taken from the
official report, ahow a starll'ng con
dition of affaire. Comparing the mor
tality figures for lung diseases for the
hree Spring months of 1017 and lOlt.
w find that deatha from phthisis ln-1
creased St per cent, from pneumonia
tl per cent, from other lung diseases
7 per rent, and from all lung diseases
t per rent. Tb observation that these
nrreasrs -can only partly be explained
by the Inclemency of the weather" is
over-conservative. A more plausible
xplanatlon la underfeeding and bad
food. Much has been made In this
country of the difference between
eath from actual "starvation" and
death from diseases which prove fatal
oecaus or underfeeding and Improper
feeding. Th dlstlnc len so laboriously
mad la without a difference. Deaths
hava Increased because food la Insuffi
cient. Consumption and other diseases
have merely accelerated death from
"alow etarvatlon."
The Infant mortality r-.te has alao
Increased. The Vorwaerta states that
"Infant mortality la unusuallr hiarh this
year In Berlin. It la true that the ac
tual number of deaths is below that of
recent years, but thla Is explained br
th extraordinary decline In the birth
rat. Th proportion of th number
of Infant deatha to the number of births
is considerably more unfavorable thl
year man last.- Thla organ aaya that
there may be several causes for this
lamentaoia increase In Infant mortality,
but It should be Investigated how far
ine deterioration In tha oualltv of milk
la responsible.
"Merchandise ofcJ Merit Only"
jitri- - -r--jyiaan
Leopold Godowsky
In His Concert Last Night at
Used THE KNABE Piano
"The World's Best"
C'MsuxUrvd.aa of Merit Only"
$741,631,653 Securities to
Fall Due in Current Year.
Amounts for Canada, Cuba and
Mexico Combined With . Figure
for Cnltrd States Brine Value
Close l'p to Billion Dollars.
NEW YORK. Teb. 4. The total value
of securities of incorporations operat
ing In the United States maturing dur
Ing the year 118 amounts to $741,621.-
S12. according to a statement by L. F.
Ixree. president of the Delaware and
Hudson Company, who has createa
organization for compiling statistics
of this kind-
Including the securities of corpora
tion In Canada. Cuba and Mexico, the
grand, total aggregatea $799,247,282
Utilities led. maturing obligations of
that class totaling $2:4. 1S6.6X3. against
t:i4.1l.42$ for railroads. $!!::. a. .itv
for industrials and $120.$73.971 for
municipal Issues.
All the railroad securities $53,553.
(34. tepresents equipment trust bonds.
the greater part of whlcn. Mr. uor-t
belleves. will be taken care of through
ainklng funds.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 4. Virtually
providing for control of private financ
ing during tha war. the Aaministraiiun
e Finance Corporation bill was .in
troduced almultaneously today In the
(Senate and the House. Financing of
war Industries hampered by present
conditions la the principal object.
The bill would create the Federal
War Finance Corporation, with $ '0u.
uo.000 capital and power to Issue
1 1 ono aoo ouO In short term notes to
afford "financial assistance, either
directly or Indirectly, to persons, firms,
rrrporatlons and associatlona whose
operations are necessary or contribu
tory to the prosecution of the war."
Appealed Case of Butte Mlnlnr Com
pmny to Be "Retried February 20.
ments In a mining suit Involving more
than 250.0O0.SOO on alleged lr.t-rf .
pf patent rights for extracting mln
erala by the Butte at Superior Mining
Company will be heard February SO by
the United States Circuit Court nr ap
peals. It was announced today.
The suit vii brouaht h 'tha !
erala Separation Company In the Cntted
States District Court at Butte, which
warded th concern a verdict or tia.
0.rte. The decision was annealed h
the Unite S'inerlor Cnmn... I
-experts t NrthCra Earopcaa Neutrals
la 11T Cat Dm. Accord lag
t Coaasaerce Report.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 4. Increased
trade with the Latin-American coun
tries and decreases In exports to
Northern European neutrals were the
features of American 1917 foreign com
merce as set forth in figures issued
today by the bureau of foreign and
domestic commerce.
Imports from South America In
creased from $427,000,000 to $599,000,000
and exports to South America Increased
from $2:5.000.000 to $312,000,000. touth
America ranked third In sales to th
United States, following North Amerl
can countries and Asia and taking
precedence over Europe, Oceania and
Africa In the order named. Europe
continued to be the best customer of
this country, buying- goodn worth $4.
045.362.029. followed by North America,
Asia, South America, Oceania and
Embargo restrictions acted to reduce
Denmark's purchases from the United
IStates to $32.0U0.000 as compared with
$:, 000,000 in 191. Sweden obtained
$21,000,000, a decrease of $26,000,000:
Norway, $$2,000,000 aa compared with
$66,000,000. and Holland, $90,000,000 as
compared with $113,000,000. Exports to
Greece reached the low figure of $8,
477,000 as against $33,685,000 In 1916.
Department of Agriculture Reports
Drop of 71,000,000 Pounds.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 4. Wool stocks
in the United States were about 562,
000,000 pounds December 31 last, the
Department of Agriculture announced
today In Its third quarterly report.
That was a decrease of 71.000.000
pounds from stocks September 30, 1917,
These stocks were hold by manufac
turers and dealers, 262 of which re
ported no wool on hand.
Grease wool holdings were 329,000.000
pounds, a decrease of 69.000,000 pounds
from September 30; scoured. 67,000,000
pounds, a decrease of 7,000,000; pulled,
21.000,000, a decrease of 3.000,000
pounds: tops. 23,000.000, no change
noils, 21,000,000, a decrease of 2,000,000.
With Spring Just Around the Corner, Here's
t -a- - . St- a
I Jti interesting sale
j of New Spring' House Apparel
( 98c $1.19 $1.48 $1.98 $2.95 $3.49
Apron Dresses, 98c
New gingham apron dresses,
in slipover style, with pointed
yokes and front lacing:, in pink,
lavender, blue and gray checks.
Percale Aprons
Plain pink, blue-or lavender
and awning striped aprons, made
in slipover style, with pointed
yokes, square or -round necks;
also envelope style.
Dresses and Aprons, $1.43
A new dress apron of heavy
percale, in light colors and the
popular Billy Burke dresses of
light-colored percales.
Mary Elizabeth Dresses
New Mary Elizabeth dresses,
in plaid ginghams or striped
galatea with white collars; also
a new gingham envelope dress
and new chambray dresses.
Combination Dresses, $2.95
Lovely new house dresses of
plaid gingham and plain colored
chambray combined. They're just
as neat and smart as can be!
"Miss Sammy"
At $3.49
More of those clever plaid
gingham dresses, with large fancy
pockets, full belts and combina
tion sleeves that can be worn
long or short.
Fourth Floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
and Pillow Cases
63x90 inches... $1 .SO
72x90 inches... $1.60
81x90 inches. . .$1.65
81x99 inches... $1.75
81x108 inches. .$1.85
These are made of the
finest quality of long fiber
cotton and absolutely free
from dressing; the finest sheet
on the market at the price.
Made from tubing of the
same fine quality as the sheets.
42x36 inches 37c
45x36 inches 40c
Second Floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
New Spring arrivals in one and two-clasp styles;
full pique sewn with fancy embroidery, in self or con
trasting (hades. Gray, beaver, pearl, khaki and butter
shades. Main Floor Lipman. Wolfe & Co.
COMPANY FEE $2,000,000
Engineers of DuPont Powder Fac
tory . Paid for Services.
WASHINGTON. Feb. 4. For services
in supervising the erection and or
ganization of the new Government
powder plant at Nashville, Tenn., the
DuPont Kngineerlnir Company, a sub
sidiary of the DuPont Powder Com
pany, will receive a fee of approxi
Secretary Baker announced tonlrzht
that a flat payment of 1500.000 will be
made the company for preliminary engineering-
services and an additional 3
per cent of the construction cost will
he paid for executing- the contracts for
the construction of buildings and the
Installation of machinery nd processes.
Pasco Pnplls Patriotic.
PASCO. "Wash., Feb. 4. (Special.)
The patriotic spirit of the pupils of
the Pasco schools Is shown by the sales
of thrift stamps to the children dur-
In the Great.
At $1.39 $1.59 $1.89
The newest black silks for Spring at WONDERFULLY
LOW PRICES. Duchess satin, luster satin, satin stripes;
grenadine, chiffon taffeta, messalines and all other staple black
silks; widths from 35 to 40 inches. An immense variety.
Silks for coats, dresses, waists, skirts; silks in all weights, and
all are wonderful values!
SILK BENGALINEVery Special, $2.19
Navy blue, black, brown, midnight blue. Oriental, Copen
and reseda colored bengaline of remarkable quality!
, Second Floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
Sale of
HURT Art ware
At Savings of Two-Thirds
to Three-Quarters
More than 200 pieces of handsome art
ware, all more or less hurt or shelfworn; some
with the slightest of imperfections.
mported Bisque Figures,
Wedgewood Vases, Ornaments,
Clocks, Cut Glass, Bohemian
Glass, ' Dresden Figures, Flower
and Fruit Baskets, Waste Baskets
and Handsome Marble Figures.
Regularly 50c to $50
Now Two-Thirds to Three-Fourths Off
Sixth Floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
will give just the right
touch of warmth to
that cold room, or
make the bath a. little
more comfortable in
the mornings.
They are easily
carried and adjusted
and throw heat out
for a distance of
eight feet..
Cost of operation about 2c an hour.
Priced $7.50
Electric Corner, Alder Street, Main Floor.
Pictorial Review Patterns Sold Here-They Are the Best
Second Floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
Ing the month of January. As shown
by figures In the report of Superin
tendent "W. T. Ricks yeBterday, the Cen
tral School has accounted for $136.75
worth of the stamps, while the East
Side School has to its credit sales
amounting to 8L At the Central
School Miss Brockway'a room leads
with sales amounting to J57.75 and at
the East Side School Miss Pierce's room
heads the list with sales amounting
to 130.50.
Praised By All
"All of my customers praise
Chamberlain's Cough Remedy,"
writes Albert Beard, Fowler, III.
Try it when you have a cough or
PUMPS, $1.80
One hundred pairs of odds and ends
of neat, timely made pumps, in patent
leather and satin worth more than
doubft the sale price go on sale today
at $1.80. Mostly small sizes.
PUMPS, $3.80
Women's one-strap slippers and pumps,
with beaded vamps, very special at $3.80.
Of silver cloth and dull and bronze kid, plain and with beaded
vamps; reduced for this sale to $4.80.
No Exchanges or Approvals
Second Floor.
IcUpman&otSe & (2a1
cTMtKxUncW of of Merit Only
j Between Times, : - jj Wg
j Anytime f H
You will find in
a beverage that hits the spot, JP
Tasty, rich in flavor, with plenty ilB,
of body, it stands out as the
individual among the various ' ' s )a
(brews. , . . r
t Your grocer, cafe or fountain ;- IgaP
I j man has it. jr- .
I Portland IL