Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, January 05, 1918, Page 10, Image 10

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    19
TIIE MORNING OREGOXIAX, SATURDAY, JANUARY 5, 1018.
pac come win ovi cot a, Uttlt to of rold coin &j a circulating' medium
111 , tho leATea of prson&l wrrlc con-1 leads to rapid abrasion and cons.
fOWTLAND. OREGON.
Ktr4 nt Port:ad Orcoa) Potffle ft
Moid-fi tmu Battar.
oripu ratra invanablj la idmct:
iHt Mail i
T'ti'y. Pu4y Inc u i-'l. on
X '-jr. un!jr n- tx!rl. '. x nnth.
I y. m ikU. t.ira raontkia
X. . Sua47 lnc.u'lU. moatA.H
jr. ,:ku( a0.jr. ra jrvr. . . .
Zai y, vitfiMi fiaa laf, a x nonthi. ..
vujmii feus!, matk...
.. odi rtr .......
fiJI. on a rr
ftaatlaj aa4 vaak'r ....
kir cmr.)
TtaBr. Sirartav tec.. OM faar.....
jr. udct Int.ut.!, on mama...
. BO
t 1
... -
.taoe
. .'i
trlhuted by these JLmericu workers I quent loa of value. This la another
la France.
Illustration of the Importance of little
economies which become large when
multiplied by millions. The man who
rattles his wealth probably would not
be able to estimate the Insignificant
traitora.
Three high school teachers In New
York were recently discharged for quantity which he nibs oft a five-dollar
"bolding rlew. subversive of discipline , , b thcra a Urae
and Ending to undermine rood dtl- when th. coln u ,ent b&ck to
aenahlp." It was adequate reason. and , found vftnUn?. ah this
Now the High School Teach era" Jlo- make, a difference when the Nation
elation of New York. evidently having baM a bm to and upon to
In mind the peremptory and patriotic WeJf.h out Id to meet lt The
action of the School Board. meets and Secretary calls attention to the fact
'"""-"'a- that there U "real economy In using
Tks t Sit tArKe eVa l4a am4 . .ma i I ti-i mm,tfm Is AvxIlfiaM A rx m Am tranCBA
: J: ZZSZl f-TOSe'Siii;::: is sst ? " 'coined roid be used
il I. wttaout buatio. ea moaia..... .S3
Maw l. Rrailt Sa4 poatr.rfiee nomT ar
er. iipr.t arilar or paraoaal chKk oa far
laal biak. fctampe, coin or carraacy ar at
vaar-a ruk. Glra poatoffK addraae la full.
iacladlac eoaaty and stalo.
Faataaa BaMa IS t pasae, 1 eaat: IS
r j c.raa. a caata. Sa to 4a Dwa. S casta
to S (mm. caota. S3 ta vaaa.
aata: I) to U a(a. crata. 'oric
. doabi rata.
Kaatrra Baalavaa Orflca Tarr. ronk
Ita. bru.i.wica ui:dia. Smw Torfe: Varra
Con a la, titacar bu:.d:n. ChKMo:
franciara rapraaaataUTa. K. J. iildaall. 741
ataraac atraat.
KtMBt OF TIIE ASSOCIATED
Tha Aaaoriatad Praaa la mlm: mm
tft.4 to ta aa for raaabtcatioa af ail
diapatccaa cr!ia4 to tt ar aat atbor-
rta cr4it4 ta tha Paaar. aad a. a th
iaal vabuabad kraia.
a:i ruhti of rputiicatJoa af apclal tfta
avhra krrala ara a ao r. !-!.
roRTLAND. SATIKDAT. JAJT. a. in.
IJCRT TO AMERICA'S CArsK.
Coremment In a democracy la by
public opinion. There can be no en
lightened and responsible opinion un
less there shall be knowledge; and
there win not be knowledge unless
there shall be 5Lcu.jlon and oppor
tunity to ascertain facts.
If the bureaucrats, rerelrinr-chalr
patriots vnd chrotrte tape-wtndera at
Washington bad their way. there would
be no light upon administrative meth
ods during war-time. Not a ray, not
A gteara. They Lava had their way
for nine months, and now there are
fa.a ta hi prof.
any trhar who. arcapflar hla llrvilhood at
taa aaaoa or tha Uovaramaat. nmmm hla
Hon to oadvrmlo tb authority of th
oommnt la a dlahoaeat aad dacaltful
Paraoa aad tataliy unfit to b a mtmbel
al tha taachtaa prafaaaloa.
The preamble to the resolution re
nted the fact that allegations had
been made "that certain teachers are
propagating among their pupils doc-
1 don, and that I u security behind gold certificates and
as reserve for Federal reserve notes
and other forms of paper currency of
foreign exchange settlements."
TVS rEOPUt TVAT RESULTS.
A complete answer was made to all
of Senator Reed's charges that Food
Administrator Hoover had exceeded
tiines of Internationalism by which I his powers when the latter said: "The
loyalty to the Government of the people wanted results." The people
I'nited States is made of secondary I showed that thev are with Mr. Hoover
Importance and love of the flag a I in aiming at results when they "en
matter of no Importance." listed by millions as volunteers under
The role of decision and action, his banner. Thev msrova of his ae-
promulgated by the New York teach, tion In not nermltUna- himself to be
era. la sound doctrine everywhere In hampered by the restrictions which
America. I m. Reed and his coterie of obstrue.
The Instructor who draws pay from tlonlsts Inserted In the food control
the American public, and ty outright bill.
dissemination of unpatriotic teaching. It Is unfortunate that Mr. Reed
or by special emphasis upon the should be In charge of the Investiga-
aeserts or tha -human brotherhood" tlon of Mr. Hoover's department, for
as distinct from the American broth- I he Is a bitter enemy of Mr. Hoover
ernooo. or oy more or leaa open de- and the Administration. He Is an I
fense for the acta of the public enemy, J mated by petty political spite because
poisons the child mind, is a traitor.
appointments have been made which
did not please h'tn. During the de
bate on the food bill he attacked Mr.
Hoover and impugned his motives.
His present opportunity for mlschie
la a product of that seniority rule to
WESTERS MANHOOD.
The low percentage of rejections on
physical grounds of applicants at the
TorUand station for enlistment in the which the Senate obstinately adheres.
Navy need not eurpriee anyone. The I All that Senator Reed says against
West has passed thf ough a process of I the food administration should be dls
natural selection as a result of which I counted or totally discredited on ac
Its men are the pick of the country. I count of his hostility. He la as per-
The Invigorating, open life of the I nlcloua as an open enemy of hla coun
arreat outdoor, th. ihanM nt alnm. I trr. for he nlava rjolltlca with meas-
oarrraaoii fuscioenres. jsiri tney are and the existence of better living con- I urea which are necessary to war.
accessary ana waoiesome. They might dltlons generally are only partly re
net rt&Y hf n - - .11 Km I .LI. - ...
thm rrTi -t . v. Tit .V- I ' kT ,'T. F Bupenonty OLD MAGAZINES FOR SOLDIERS,
the mlstaaa) of the evnaorahln. I of i'..t.m ..vi a . I
r.o one will have the audacity now amount of Inlti.tiv. .nrl mt... in" privilege grantea Dy me rosv
to say that Congressional Investlga-1 not to be looked for In the physically I offlc department of sending maga
ttons are not timely and beneficial: unfit, waa betokened h th. r-v I sines to soldiers by simply placing a
that the disclosure of facts about un- ment of the pioneers. There are whole one-cent stamp upon each and drop
healthful camp conditions has not communities in the stony regions of ping it into the nearest mail receptacle
tmu mrrtcHw. mat me newspaper the Eaat whose remaining population has disclosed more thoughtlessness on
reports of shortage of runs, supplies consists almost aolelv of DaoTtU who I the nart of neoole who mean to do
mau tioinnn nave not seen neiptui: did not have enough ambition to move well but are laggard In the perform
ana mat a Clear puotio understanding I awav. The deacendanta f th.. nn. inn of a lintr. Tha rianartmnrtt haa
a to cow me nuiioos oi money placed enterprising ones have a poor chance found lt necessary to call attenUon to
In the hands of unknown men euch jn competition with the progenr of the fact that many magazines are
a Elsenman and his group are be- men and women who hustled Instead being mailed which are so old as to be
lng spent la not due the people who are of rpind. of little or no value. There are tons
rurnisning mem. and vital to their The flrurea ara worth Kunliir I of them, fit onlv for waste caMr. Thev
willingness to continue. Through a I aram. In a two work- norlnri th. I consist the malla and lnrroaaa tha
mua unreaaonaoie censorsnip is Portland district, with a population of burdens of dUUIbutors to no purpose.
me sure roaa to a oreaa-nown or the I 99MIS. had 1380 enilstmenta. while Mr. Dockery. the Third Assistant
war ana Ultimate defeat. I New York. reDresentlnr about Hon . Postmaster-Oeneral. has found lt ad
Tot long ago The Oregonlaa tnd COO. reaortad a total of anl till Tha rlnbla ta ulc lonl noitmutara tn t
xne ntw jora norm caa several ar-l National a vera ra of rw Wttona for erclse discrimination In forwardinar
cies on vamp mum. nat wouia physical disabilities was 4; that of magazines of little value. But lt Is
have happened except for publicity? the I'orUand district only 4. Re- the public who ought to discriminate
The common soldier fears, or is too crultlng officers at St- Ixula rejected not by failing to mail magaxlnea but
proud, to complain: the officer la sup- til out of 10SS applicants. Every by mailing them as soon as they have
I1" " vrmr wn comes in me way comparison 1 In favor of tha Pari fir I fulfilled their nrlmanr nuraose. Post-
of physical hardship in stoical silence. Coast. loKlce' clerks have too much to do to
iiow otaerwise can the inexcusable Not only the- small proportion of have any sort of censorship added to
wiuary ronaiuom at amp nowie, I relectlona. but the lirnr nrnnni-Mnn their dutlaa
lexaa. ana tne apparent indifference of volunteers, la due largely to the Only a few montha ago certain in-
oi oracuuaom to ine suuauon. De ex- biological considerations mentioned, dlvlduala were clearing out their gar-
plained? .The officer who talks to the I But eomclete lustlca to tha Eaat ra. I rets of obsolete and forrortan bnnks
poouc aouousM rememoers wnat nap- quires that account be taken of the to contribute to soldiers' and sailors'
penea to oeneral Leonard Wood. larger number of nnaaalmllated for- libraries. Many of these volumes have
nnen mere were puoiicity and a I elraers amonr the nonulatlon Thau found their wit hv this tlma to tha
pretest about Camp Mills, there was probably modify somewhat, although naoer mills, where they have fulfilled
an Instant response at Washington, not entirely, the comparison. The their destiny, to the advantage of
Now that General Gorgaa has been West la not only physically In the lead, everyone concerned. But the same
persons, who are now mailing six-
months-old periodicals treating of cur
rent events. In the notion that they are
"helping to win the war," ought to
take Just a little more palna and make
their gifts reaUy interesting.
THE OXES WHO TIGHT.
Indications, now officially expressed.
unsparing In his criticism of several but la more larrelv American.
ranionmenu. mere wiu oe action, now
that the eountrr knowa what la tha
n.ttar with th- kra.,, a,m.tKI., CONSERVDfO FARM MACHIXT.BT.
will be done. I isvery practical measure that will
Publicity In an aid. and not a hln. I ve me effect of conserving farm
drance. to the President and his . mac nine ry becomes imperative in the
sponsible advlsera. It la to be assumed light cf necessity. Winter la
that they desire to know what Is going th Um 'or making repairs, eatlmat
on around them, and to conceal nth. " Uim needs of the coming year and
Inr which mav nrooerlv ha known I Pacing orders with manufacturers, that Class I of registrants will aupply
The Administration has shown, at least I wno ar confronted with special dim- all quotas for military aervloe, resolve
since Congress met, a commendable CUJue oDiainmg material ana a is- ciassincauon in practice to substan-
frankness In dealing with the public '"outing meir nnianea products. There I tlaily the Dasia sought in the regula
It will still further serve itself and the murt co-operation all along the line I tlona that governed the first draft. In
people If it will remove, or at least u xb country is to respond efficiently I the early draft there were but two
greatly mitigate, the ban of the censor-1 to the caU 'or 'ood. ciaaslflcatlons one of those available
ahip. I Aneae tacts are caiiea to attenuon ror unmeaiate muitary semoe, the
rorcioiy by tne uregon AgrtoultursJ other of those exempt. While there
ColleaTe. Which emDhazlaea tha Imnrtr. I ara nnw rlv. rJaaaaa. fntir Af vliVh ar.
RE-ESTaBUsrrrxo Ron TTEs. I tance of employing the largest and theoreUcaUy available for military
Mot-lea or aacrince, aa well aa of most Improved machinery wherever duty, only one class is considered lm
personal heroism, are becoming ao possible, and also calls attention to the mediately available, and the four do-
common aa the war runs on that it is I desirability of avoiding every form of f erred classes constitute In practice
not easy to classify them, or to deter- waste, by placing lighter Implements, that which was the exempt class aa
mine who deservea most credit for which may have been rejecud by the defined by the preceding regulations.
unselfish practical service. But one larger farmers. In the hands of others! It la true, nevertheless, that In the
movement, which would seem to de- who can utilise them to advantage. The I first classification there was a failure
serve especial attention, and which has farmer who can afford a new and bet-1 to reach uniformity. Borne boards
for Us purpose the restoration of the ter machine, and can obtain It. will were rigid, some lenient. Dependency
homes of the people of the Invaded I often be Justified In making the pur-1 was determined by boards by varying
regiona of France, la noteworthy be-1 chase by the economies of time and I processes of reasoning. For a time
cause it la being fostered by American labor which will result, but lt Is sug-1 some held that a man of draft age
women, who have exhibited capacity I gested that owners afford opportunity I whose wife was capable of supporting
ror organisation tnat would have I to other farmers who operate on a I herself or could rely upon his or her
caused surprise only a few years ago. I smaller scale to purchase replaced I parents for support during his ab-
Now it Is accepted as a matter of I machinery at a moderate price. Adop- sence, was not a dependent. After the
course. tlon of this plan will benefit both par- classification waa In progress the Pro-
Restoration of the homes of a ties to the transaction and also the vost Marshal-General ordered such
stricken people has more than a mate- I country aa a whole. I men exempted. But meanwhile many
rial aspect. These American women It la no secret that many farmers had been certified for service, and
are not bulldtng houses in France, but are exceedingly wasteful in the care doubtless there are many now In the
are helping the people to build them, of their Implements. A man who Army who should have been exempted
and assisting them, with certain India, would not think of throwing a twenty- under the original regulations and who
pensable articles or furniture. The dollar gold-piece Into the river will would have been given deferred classl
beneflclarlea are either very old or leave a harrow exposed to the ele- flcatlon under existing regulations If
very young, for all others are engaged menu In a fence corner all Winter the latter were properly administered.
In war work or have been carried long. This was bad practice even, in But even aa to the later regulations,
away by the Germans during the Teu- peace times; lt becomes unpatriotic In although they are much more explicit
ton occupation of the district. One of time of war. than the first, boards have mlscon-
the units, of which Mtsa Anne Morgan I The college calls attention to other Istrued them In this and other par-
la the head, ror example, la helping to factors which enter Into our huge bill tlculars.
restore twenty-seven vtiliges which for National waste. Farmers need to There Is one Important difference
the Germans held for more than two I be reminded of them, not because they! between the new and the old plan of
years. The former conquerors en- do not already know about them, but classification that Is worth notice. The
slaved all of the able-bodied of both because they are apathetic. "More questionnaires have given the military
sexea, but racenuy sent ine non-pro- damage ran be done to a machine In authorities accurate knowledge aa to
ducers back to France by way of half an hour through lack of oil or the special qualifications of all men
Switzerland. grease on some bearings than by of military age. While lt Is an
Provision for actual shelter has been a whole season s exposure to the nounced that Class I will probably
made by the French Government, but weather. -Is a truism, but lt deserves supply the full military requirements,
the importance of the work now being I reiteration. Neglect of lubrication la hat announcement applies particularly
done by these Americans lies m the I inexcusable and highly expensive,
restoration of the hope and the mental Costly breakages, aa well as serious
poise of the people. This would have delays, are frequently caused by oper
seemed Impossible two or three years atlng machines on which nuts have
ago. Creative energy naa been re-1 worked loose, or have come oil en-
habUKated and ambition reawakened I Urely. allowing bolts to drop out.
tn truly remarkable degree because re- It Is not realised as fully aa lt ought
lief has centered around the word to be that worn-out machinery has
"home." The future seems indescrib- value this year as Junk. Owners should
ably brighter as soon as the hearth sell it, because every piece of metal is
bertns to glow. Letters from the scene likely to have value in the industrial
tell of men and women past the allot-I scheme. Winter is a good time for a
ted age who already are planning as I general overhauling of all the ma-
If they had all their lives before them. Ichlnery on the farm, and (or the build
New enthusiasms are the best cures lng of new shelters, where these are
tor grief in any form. I needed. The Importance of thia form
It has been the experience of work- of conservation, and of promptness in
ers In this field that they have derived I action, cannot be overestimated. Every
almost as much benefit as their wards. I farmer should be Impressed with hla
It Is Impossible that one should return I personal duty In the premises and
home after having seen a people I should set himself to work at once.
triumph over such obstacles without
himself being better fitted to meet The Individual who likes to Jingle
life's problems. It is demonstrated his money in his pocket for the satls-
requlrements will be sent regardless of
consent In preference to men less
qualified who may be available In a
more advanced class.
The new regulations have provided
still another class which may or may
not be called. Men physically dls.
qualified for full military service but
who are capable of performing spe.
clal or limited service, not on the
firing line, but in capacities not re
quiring better physical qualifications
than are required by similar work In
civilian life, are placed In this special
class.
But, regardless of attempts to se
cure Justice and uniformity, instances
of apparent unfairness will doubtless
arise. There was one reported in a
news dispatch published Friday. In
Nebraska are a great many Germans
who. have declared their Intention to
become citizens, but have not obtained
their final papers. They are exempt
from military duty by the terms of
the regulations, are not permitted to
waive exemption, and local boards are
specially charged to see that they are
placed In the exempt class.
The number of such men has been
fostered by the law of Nebraska, which
grants full voting franchise to aliens
with first papers. Doubtless a propor
tlonate number of men of other na
tlonalitles who live In Nebraska have
declared their intention to become
citizens but have neglected to com
plete their citizenship because they
had all the rights of cltlxenshlp with
out doing so. In most of the other
states aliens with only first papers
cannot vote. There has been an In
ducement for them to complete their
citizenship, and In the majority of In
stances they have done so. They are
subject to military duty even If Ger
man born.
Probably In the aggregate there is
Just as much loyalty and Just as much
disloyalty to be found among German
born residents of Nebraska as
among German - born residents of
Iowa. But the German-born resident
of Nebraska cannot be taken for mili
tary service, whether loyal or disloyal
to America at heart. If he Is among
the number with first papers. Across
the line the German-born resident of
Iowa Is likely to be a full citizen, and
he will be taken whether loyal or dis
loyal unless he should publicly de
clare disloyalty.
It Is a discrimination which should
Family Life in Jerusalem.
rpHE National Geographlo Society Is
X sues a war geography bulletin on
the family life of the peasants In the
outskirts of Jerusalem and elsewhere
In the Holy Land, now under the pro
tection of the British flag since the
capture of the Holy City by General
E. H. B. Allenby. The bulletin, based
on a communication to the society from
John IX V hitlng. says:
"Children in the peasant family of
the Holy Land are always welcome, girl
babies sometimes excepted. The father
prides himself on his boys, and even
the mother prefers them and, when
questioned as to the number of her
offspring she will Invariably say that
she has five children and two girls, or
as many as the case may be.
"Not to have a boy is a great hard
ship to the family and is especially felt
by the mother, for failure to have a son
may become the cause of her divorce or
her husband's excuse for marrying
again. This feeling is hard to under
stand, since they look upon a girl as a
profitable possession, for a would-be
husband must pay a comparatively
handsome price for her. The boy, on
the other hand. Is a - greater expense
and his wife and wedding are costly af
fairs. The only explanation Is that
their great aim In life Is to perpetuate
the name of the father.
- a a a
"To be polite the fellah. In speaking
of a pic, a dog. a donkey or anything
out of good taste, invariably says,
b'eed 'annak, "Be lt far from you.' So,
also, when a girl or woman is spoken
of. they often say, 'Be lt far from you!'
"Although women are thus looked
upon as something Inferior, still when
they have become well advanced In
years and are perhaps the grand
mothers of large families or have sig
nalized themselves by some special at
tainment, they are frequently the ob
ject of the respect and reverence of the
younger women and of the men as well.
The woman may never call her hus
band by his first name, but 'O father of
Ahmed' or whatever the eldest son's
name may be, which. Indeed, Is the
name by which he is generally known.
"In naming the. first son lt Is cus
tomary to give him the name of his
grandfather on his father's side: there.
fore, even before a youth Is married, he
will often be addressed as the" rathe
of All or Mohammed or Suleiman, as
the case may be. The first daughter Is
usually named for the grandmother,
LICK THRIFT STAMP FOR DESSERT
open the eyes of those states which .again on the father's side.
have been liberal with tae voting "The wife likewise takes the name
franchise to aliens. Oregon saw the of her first-born son. The husband.
mistake of a similar law several years I apeaklng of her, especially to men, will
ago. There should be no lnaucement my who or mention nor
to residents of foreign birth to live in I . um. ww .j eimer u.
. ....... , .ltl Anraea or my lumuy, ine
w " relative In my house,' 'the forbidden'
sBuauip. or aaue-hter of mv uncle.' The rea
son for this is that a man marries his
Tha amarltr of the loss which Ger- nr8t cousin in preference to anyone
many baa suffered In the capture of B,n cannot marry an
, . . other If he wants her.
ner co.ouie. .a .u. V, " "When the fellah or peasant child Is
by comparing the area of her holdings born Its tender skin, without being
wim ia OI counmcs iu curuyo. J." washed, la rubbed with nllv. nil and
Is done graphically by a British writer, I salt. For seven consecutive days lt Is
who Illustrates his book, "Germanjrs rootled, and when a week old gets its
Lost Colonial Empire," with maps first bath and Is again oiled, and each
which superimpose the colonies upon week until it Is 40 days old the bath
,.t. Mi.niriu with whirr, we i" repeaieo. in some localities tney
are more familiar. Thua lt la seen fBn"ldd65 " u.n.saf to bathe u before "
tha German Siwest -"rtc "Into Ihe little eyes they put drops
auvub who mau " OI llnillrt tar anfl whan t-arn Anva A
all France, that the area of the Ger- begin the periodic application of kohl.
man Kameruns is nearly aa great as This is a dye used to blacken the eye
that of Germany, and that German I lids of not only babies, but of women
Raat Afrlra is two-fifths larger than ana sometimes of men.
Austrla-Huneary. Belgium has only . now custom tnis salting is can
one-third the area of German Togo- J rom 1Ezekl1' reproachful
nv.v.B ..lusaioui. v uu a.a ivr iiy
nativity, in tne day thou wast born
land. All of the African countries
mentioned nave neen swept ciear ... thou wast not salted at all. nor
uermans, dui meir ultimate mw wm i awaddled at alL'
be decided upon the battlefields or
Europe. I BLIGHT OF THE PRESS CENSORSHIP
American loans to the allies In the Harm It Dors to Cause of America In
first eight montha of our participation the war.
In the war amounted to $8,260,000,000, New Tork World (Dem.y.
r at tha rata, of over 1400. 000.000 a I For most of the unnecessary Drlva-
month. British loans to allies and ,t,ona hardships which the troops
dominions during the thirty-eight nc"?in1,fOTtps hy? u"ed bT "
., . L e.f.K.- tnt.i.d 80 n of failure to obtain proper clothing
m.r'n8r 1 1 d supplies the Army may thank the
fI,,ii,vv, vi u, . m.., cenaonlilp. It Is quite as much to
$1,000,000 a month. American loans blame as the Ouartermaater-OeaerHJ a
have been supposed to cover purchases department. Morally a far larger meas-
of the allies in this country, but a ure of guilt rests upon it.
large part of them was for those I Testifying before the Senate commit
nth.p rannlrements" to which Sec- aL-jur-uouc uituio ioia a moat
Tn-1 a v.. .f..d Our t. enocmng story or conaitions mat ei-
- '.rT. .i,i.r.V.-.d"l.a. Tthan lBted throughout the Autumn at Camp
F0rtVi 5 " fJ . ?! Bowl. Texas, due mainly to over-
aso.UUV.UUU a. uiuum iu mo joai nrnnrri no- th. lnrV nf .rior.,,..
lng last June, and tn September were facilities and Inability to procure suf
less than $285,000,000. It Is supposed ficlent clothing and blankets. Major-
that the allies are being assisted to General Qreble reported conditions In
meet their obligations in neutral coun- the camp in September and predicted
tries In order to stabilize exchange, what would happen If they were not
and that this accounts for the excess I ...T,'pa. 1
. . ..... i.w.w mo ivu.biui, n u J lull; xiieb VJ
Of loana Over exports. rnrmlhl. offlolnla In Whlr,Q-tr.
Had the newspaper correspondents
Tf tha Senate oommlttee were to been allowed to tell the truth about the
bring Goethals and Denman together ;hrta& of. "PPe there would be a
A .L. V.4am aa .-. A .. 4 M I UlilOl Ollli OlWiy IW ICltttO, ALIO (-CU.il Ui
to argue the ship controversy to a . .,,. of,n(IT-m comniamt.
t ..a . T w. .n , i -
UU1BU, a targe luuu k from nn War rjanartmnnt rlorlc
for the Red Cross from the admission to another to be disposed of according
charge. to the procrastinating processes of red
tape, there would have been action at
rr-t, . Tr.r. once. The high officials would have
. . r ' ... known what was wrong; they would
German blood that when one disloyal .
is caugni no snouia. aa a mwuio ui an1 they WOuld have found a remedy
Better Thaa Bread Pudding and Caa Be
Served Three Times a Day.
DORR, Wash., Jan. S. (To the Ed
itor.) I wonder Just how many ot us
took another reef In our belts, stiffened
our upper Hps and Jotted down at the
top the new white New Tear's sheet
"Everything I can do to help lick the
daylights out of the Hun." No half
hearted efforts; no mere "doing my
bit" in a smug, half-hearted, hypocrit
ical fashion, but heavy heaving all day
long concentrated, concerted effort to
win the war, thinking war. talking
war, saving for war, spending for war,
working for war on my toes all the
time.
The winning of tha war desends di
rectly upon no one thing more than
upon the mental determination to win
it. Not food alone, nor munitions, nor
money, nor ships, nor aeroplanes, nor
men can overcome the Kaiser, but only
a mighty avalanche of all these fao
tors tumbling down the mountainside
or exalted National sentiment, con.
solldated, determined. Irresistible.
It Is all very well to cut down the
sugar In our coffee to two tiny lumps,
providing we don't shovel four spoon
fuls on the oatmeaL A wheatless day
Is fine a wheatless meal better and
good, sound, delicious, nutritious war
bread all the time a whole lot better
providing we don't pick at the lnsld
and throw away the crusts, or try to
make a tasteless bread pudding out of
them, using a couple of cups' of per
fectly good sugar, and then feed lt to
the cat after all.
A meatless day Is simply grand-
daily economy In meat and meat scraps
a still better plan. All that has Its
vital place in cutting down the do
mestlo demand, reducing prices and
leaving more for export; but, far more
important, lt increases our potential
ability to buy liberty bonds and thrift
stamps. And those thrift stamps are
regular world-beaters for teaching war
concentration.
Just try eating the back off one
every meal for dessert and note the
psychological effect. Talk about
habit to take the place of the candy.
cigars and cigarettes that we all out
out today. Tou get up from the table
feeling like a Hon and with your
thought concentrated on the big main
Job helping lick the daylights out of
the Kaiser Right there you have
taken a regular seven-league-boot step
on the road to Berlin. Tou have turned
your thoughts all one way, working.
earning and saving to win the war.
I will absolutely guarantee that
there Is more permanent pep In the
gum on the back of a thrift' stamp than
In four fingers of rye; and three doses
a day are like a draught from the
fountain of youth. If there Is any one
thing which would be absolutely sure
to win the war I would say it would
be the formation of a National habit
of licking thrift stamps. Not only does
lt induce a cumulative habit of saving
in the consumption of war necessities,
but above all lt engenders that martial
spirit, that united, concentrated, en
thusiastlo mental attitude toward the
war Itself which Is certain to start the
Irresistible avalanche that will bury
Germany so deep there will be no use
ever trying to dig her out.
With every man, woman and child
licking stamps regularly there will be
no shortage of money or labor to build
ships, to make guns and shells, no mat
ter how many soldiers and sailors go
abroad. With that sort of public sentl
ment rampant an I. W. W. will be
ashamed and afraid to show his head.
With everybody saving to buy more
stamps to lick, the war gardens, to say
nothing of the farms, will turn out
tremendous crops. The busier a man
is the more time he has left for some
thing else, providing he has plenty of
pep. The gum on the back of a thrift
stamp Is the concentrated essence of
pep. BRIAN R. DORR.
In Other Days.
Registrant's Change of Statu.
BORING. Or., Jan. 3. (To the Ed
ltor.) (1) Can a registrant change his
occupation soon after receiving his
rating without the rating being
changed, and If he does so, must he
report to the local board?
(2) I ve heard that registrants wno
were German descendants tnat were
drafted were not sent to Europe. Is
this true? and has General Pershing
sent any soldiers back that were Ger
man desoendantsT A READER.
(1) He can change his occupation
after classification, but If his classifi
cation waa on occupational grounds he
must report the change of status with
in five days. The board may reclassify
him then on Its own motion.
(2) We know of no distinction made
between soldiers in the matter of serv
ice on account of descent.
Poem Not Original.
PORTLAND, Jan. 3 (To the Editor.)
In The Oregonlan of January 2, 1918,
you print a short poem on the editorial
page entitled "Hats Off," signed M. C
Butler. The last half of this poem.
beginning with the words "Sign of a
nation," Is taken bodily from a poem
entitled "The Flag Goes By," written
by Harry Holcomb Bennett.
EDGAR Jfl. UOUrtSJtiM.-
Twenty-flve Tears Ara
From The Oresonlan January 5. 189S.
Salem. Governor Pennoyer win de
liver his message to the Legislature
about Wednesday. He will continue
his opposition to commissions. Hlrsch
Is booked for President of the Senate
and Keady for Speaker of the House.
New Tork. Trustworthy critics
agree now that only heroic measures
as regards the currency system can
avert a crisis.
London Ever since the election
there is a growing feeling that the
Gladstone government cannot long re
tain control.
Flnley McNeill has been appointed
city milk and food Inspector.
W. H. Stoy has written a communi
cation to The Oregonlan setting forth
reasons why the. United States should
possess the Hawaiian Islands.
The literary exercises of Lownsdale
School, postponed on account of the
inclement weather before Christmas,
will be given this afternoon. Ambrose
Scott will offer a recitation; San ford
Lowengardt, "Sale of Dreams"; Flor
ence Blagen and Fay Nichols, "The
Wonderful Tree"; Grace Shaw, "Jolly
Old est. Nicholas"; Stella Martin. "A
Mortifying Mistake, and John Dudley,
"A Past Christmas Experience." Har
old Howes will give the address of wel
come.
Dog Lanr Is Needed. '
SCIO, Or, Jan. S. (To the Editor.)
I notice your editorial comment on the
sheep and dog question and am Inter
ested In a logical solution to the ques
tion. Do you consider the dog law
passed by the last Legislature a good
oneT I refer to the law that was de
clared unconstitutional by the Supreme
Court.
A correspondent of your paper refers
to the Ohio law as being the best to
protect the farmers sheep from the
dog nuisance. Are you familiar with
this law and what is your oplnionr
Let the Legislature enact a law that
will protect sheep from dogs, whether
lt be the Ohio law or some other. Just
so it does the business.
B. G PEERT.
The effect of the Oregon law waa to
tax all dogs, good and bad, for the pur
pose of creating a fund from which
would be compensated depredations by
the bad dogs. It seemed hardly fair
to owners of trained sheep dogs, for
example, or to those willing to keep
their dogs confined or muzzled. It was
also strenuously objected to by many
Constables who were made dogcatchers
and dog killers by the act and prob
ably would have been loosely enforced
In some localities on that account. It
was declared unconstitutional because
lt did not apply uniformly to all parts
of the state. We are not familiar
with the Ohio law.
tha
Mr. Pittman Not Candidate.
MONMOUTH. Or.. Jan. 8. (To
Editor.) My attention has been called
to an article in The Oregonlan Janu
ary 1, In which some of my frljnds were
suggesting me as worthy of benatorlal
honors. While I greatly appreciate the
loyalty. Interest and enthusiasm of my
friends, I wish to eay that I am In no
way an aspirant for such honors.
My interest in the particular problems
of rural education Is too sincere and my
faith in the possibility of my rendering
definite and helpful ee: . ice In that
field at this time is too great to permit
my attention to be diverted in any way
to a desire for political honors of what
ever sort. Besides tnls, lt occurs to me
that this Is not a good time to encour
age changes or federal officials or
whatever prty who are now render
ing faithful and loyal service.
M. B. fiTTMAN.
Machinist la Draft.
PORTLAND, Jan. 8. (To the Editor.)
There has been some question In re
gard to railroad machinists. I'll soon be
In draft age and would like to know.
They say where I am that I am ex
empted. I have served my full four
years' apprenticeship.
OREGON IAN READER.
If you are not yet 21, you are not
Bubject to draft under the present law,
but the law may be changed later to
include you. If the law Is changed to
Include men of your age you might be
placed In class II or possibly class
III on occupational grounds, but the
district board decides and there Is no
Iron-clad rule.
Mean Ins; of Word.
FOSSIL. Or.. Jan. 2. (To the Edi
tor.) Please let mo know the moan
er of the German word Kamerad.
AN OlD BUBanitiliK.
It means comrade.
credit to the others, be given about
every degree Just short of killing.
The censorship is the most powerful
ally of red tape and bureaucratic in
competence; yet the Army persistently
Perhaps the Bolshevikl have dls- upholds lt regardless of its own wel
covered that the Russians do not want
peace at any price, and are more in.
fare, and nobody Is more zealous in en
forcing it than camp commanders who
In many cases seem to think that any
terested In holding their Jobs than tn informtion bout the conditions under
pleasing tne uermans. which their men live Is of more lm
Iportance to the Germans than to the
All the conservation posters, though I American people. There oould not be
artistic are waste of Daner and Ink. more mistaken attitude.
If Commanders who eould not break
. ..... ..I thronsrh tha barriers of red tana and
now. Those who ao not win learn u I ,J- ,,. ,v,0. .h.i.
People able to read know the idea
now. Those wh
from the prices.
had lifted the ban on the correspond
ents there would be no stories like that
from Camp Bowie to report, and the
Senate committee would have little to
that lt la more blessed to give than to faction of feeling rich, as well as for
receive, in more ways than one. The the impression It may make upon hla
new spirit which we hopefully count companions, will be warned by Eecre
pa to permeate our own couatry. when tary McAdeo'i statement toAt tha PM
to the fighting arm of the service. It
haa also been announced that there
will shortly be Issued a call for men
qualified for special or expert service,
These men will be taken from the
first four classes, but from the second,
third and fourth classes only if they
have been given deferred classifica
tion solely on agricultural or Indus
trial grounds. Some registrants, for
example, have been placed in Class III
because they are highly specialized
mechanical or technical experts In
necessary industrial enterprises. Men
of their qualifications may be included
In the special call soon to issue. Those
who have no dependents or other
cause for exemption will be re
quired to state whether they are will
ing to be inducted into the military
service. Among registrants whose
qualifications are equal those who con
sent to induction into the military
service will be selected first and those
who do not consent will be selected
in the order determined by their class
aad order number. But men in the
zoor &m4 aUassei wfco fiillx Feet
One of the few times a man la will
lnar to spend money Is when on a
honeymoon tour, and elimination of do in the way of Investigating oamp
travel luxury will discourage him. conaitions.
. . ........ Af f p.. In th. Armv that 1
Easy way to compute the Income n.n,nr,hir. which doea mora than con
tax: Multiply a week a pay by B2 OB.i the movements of trooDS and of
and give the Government the benefit ships Is almost certain to become
of any doubt. I menace to the welfare -of the military
establishment. Tne censorsnip is never
t.bu.i n.tnHam 4h . I so dangerous as wnen oincers are em.
a. . , , , ,,, ,. ploying lt to conceal conditions from
Tennessee coal miner who will work fVy,fL,,: n,h th.v thm.ive.
uu J w "w seeking to remedy.
shortage. I Whatever else comes out of the Sen
ate investigation of the conduct of the
Of course, no human agency starts I war. there should be drastic changes in
an these Area, but there la a strange the censorship provisions.. Both the
enldemio of spontaneous combustion. W Department and Congress must
w elaafla tvarOt. VA the, fnl I V nf A. tTKfT
There la profiteering In many lines 'Jul Z"?
omer man luei. ana mo uoverameni shortcomings that could be cured lm
will take them up when convenient.
The terms of some war contracts
suggest that there is a taint in the
patriotism of some citizens.
mediately by a wholesome dose of pub
licity.
Memories.
Gone Is the day of yesteryear.
Gone is the bonny, primrose June,
All boys will agree with the advice Gone Is December, sadly drear.
to save soap by omitting dally atten
Uon to bands and ears.
As things go now, railroad presi
dents may soon be glad of a ride In
the caboose-
Gone Is the smile and blithsome tune.
Gone are the things I once held dear.
Left br the bier of the dylns year.
Still there survive each mournful tear.
Mem'rles Inspiring the new-bora year.
ADD. CRAIG, .
E01 East Couch.
Most of the rain seems to have run
off. Let the sun shine a little. Enough
Is plenty.
Flockmastera must be Joking when
they call aheepherdlng aa exemption
activity, .
Enemy Aliens and Firearms.
HARRISBURG, Or.. Jan. 3. (To the
Editor.) Does a German with his flret
papers have the right to carry or use
firearms during the war?
AN AMERICAN CITIZEN.
Ha haa net.
SUGAR AS A WAR ASSET
Discussed in
THE SUNDAY OREGONIAN
Quite as essential to the vigor of tha fighting man as any other
part of his carefully compiled ration is 6Ugar. And the American
sugar industry is not least of the factors that shall contribute to the
defeat of Prussianism. In a special story in the Sunday issue Frank
G. Carpenter discusses the mobilization of this mighty industry and
its probable effect upon the fortunes of war.
"HOW GOES THE WART" In his answer to this oft-repeated query,
James H. Collins, writing in The Sunday Oregonian, declares that
America's gigantic war programme is running on schedule and will
reach its terminal on time. In every department, he asserts, Uncle
Sam has girt himself for the fray, and "doubt and criticism are
based only on personal views and local conditions." In other words,
those who criticise don't know what they are talking about,
HER REAL UNIFORMS Mars has set the styles for 1918, says Nina
C. Marbourg, through the medium of an interesting article on new
and feminine modes. Illustrated with many photographs of
American women in the uniforms of patriotic service, the article
is timely and well told.
WHO IS NUMBER ONE? The train was moving Bwiftly; the few
shots they fired flew wild; foot by foot, yard by yard, it gained on
its huge quarry; on his lapel they found again the Sign of the
Twisted Thread. Just a few sentences snatched from as many
paragraphs of Episode XI of Anna Katharine Green's absorbing
serial of mystery, appearing in the Sunday issue.
EVENTS OF WORLD-WIDE INTEREST Here's a photograph of
those genial comrades and fellow Huns the Kaiser and the Sultan
' as they appeared at a recent kultur-fest. It is one of the amazing
pictures that camera men have caught in their rounds of the world,
and appears on a special page in the Sunday issue.
THE MEDICAL PROFESSION W. E. Hill, who draws a full page of
crayon characters for the Sunday issues, tilts somewhat mirthfully
at the medicos in tomorrow's paper. All the "docs" are there for
your edification, and not one of them is a stranger.
CHURCH AND SCHOOL A page to each in the Sunday issue, with
information of their respective activities and announcements of
coming events.
FIND WHAT YOU WANT In every issue of The Oregonian, and
especially in the big Sunday issue, there are features and depart
ments intended to suit many varieties of tastes. Your hobby is
among them. As for the news service local and foreign it is
unsurpassed.
A Nickle and a Nod Will Buy -THE
SUNDAY OREGONIAN