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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, MONDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1917.
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1'ORTLASD, MONDAY, OCTOBER 1. 1917.
WEALTH IS CONSCRIPTED.
Agreement of the Congressional con
ferees on the war revenue bill should
satisfy the American people that
wealth is to bo conscripted, as men
and food have been. None of the
allies has levied taxes more dras
tically than Great Britain, but In the
first year of our entrance into the
field and before our armies have fired
B. shot Congress levies a maximum in
come tax higher than that t which
Britain levied in the third year, and
it levies an excess profits tax as high
eus that of Britain when she first
adopted that Impost. As the war goes
on and as the necessities of the Gov
ernment increase, no doubt need be
entertained that the percentages of
these taxes on wealth will be raised.
"Wealth has already been conscripted
in other ways. By fixing maximum
prices for steel, coal, copper and other
products, the President has, in effect,
already conscripted the greater part
of the excess profits, though the re
mainder Is to be taxed, first, as profits
of business and again as income of
the individual. By commandeering
ships and reducing rates of ocean
freight, the Shipping Board has. In
effect, conscripted the profits of ship
owners. By contracting for more
chips at cost plus 10 per cent, the
Board has cut off the war profits
which would have been obtained from
private owners. Fixing of maximum
prices for other commodities will fol
low until nothing beyond a normal
profit can be obtained on all the
staples of life and business and on all
material of war.
Not only tne wealth but the per
sonal services of leaders in business
are put at the disposal of the Gov
ernment, practically without cost.
.Presidents of railroads, banks and
great industries are working for the
Nation for the nominal salary of one
dollar a year, following the example
of Herbert Hoover in refusing to ac
cept payment for what they deem a
On the other hand, in fixing prices
for wheat and other farm products,
the Government has secured war
profits for the farmer, while protect
ing him against exaction of war prices
for what he consumes. By restricting
the prices which middlemen may re
ceive for farm products. It insures that
the war profit shall go to the farmer
and that the consumer shall not un
duly suffer thereby. The Government
lias plainly shown its purpose to pay,
or to require private employers to pay,
war wages to labor.
Thus early in our participation in
the war the United "States Government
has fulfilled the conditions with which
the British government complied in
order to Induce British labor to put
forth its utmost effort without inter
ruption. In a speech to the Tradel
Union Congress at Bristol on Septem
ber 9, 1915, Mr. Lloyd George, then
Minister of Munitions, told how the
allies were winning at all points in
the Autumn of 1914; how through the
Autumn, Winter and Spring of 1914
15 the German workmen "worked
quietly, persistently, conscientiously.
without stint or strike," and produced
"the terrible avalanche of shot and
shell which broke the great Russian
armies and drove them back" in the
Summer of 1915. That, he said, was
"the victory of the German workmen."
He went on:
The -war has resolved Itself Into a con.
flirt between the mechanics of Germany
and Austria on the one hand and the me
chanics of Great Britain and France on the
other. - . This is a war of material. In
adequate material means defeat; sufficient
material means victory.
If we add the United States to
Great Britain and France In that
statement. It will fit the present situa
tlon. The successes which the west
ern allies have had were won by the
patriotic industry of their workmen
as well as. by the valor of their sol
riiers and sailors. By adding their
efforts to those of our allies, American
workingmen can make the superiority
bo great that victory will be hastened
and be more complete.
As a condition of that persistent
work and of suspension of their union,
British workmen asked that their em
ployers' profits be restricted and that
their rules be restored after the war.
Those terms were accepted, work has
gone forward, and the result has beeu
victory for the allies. Since the revo
lution Russian munition manufacture
has been stopped by strikes, drinking
and agitation, and the defeats which
Russia has suffered in the last three
months have been due to that cause as
well as to loss of discipline in the
army and to German intrigue.
The beginnings of victory are made
In the factory and the shipyard. The
United States Government has com
plied In many particulars, and Is ready
to comply in others, with the same
terms as were laid down by the Brit
ish workmen as conditions of work
undelayed by strikes. It is up to
American workmen to trust their Gov
ernment for fair play, as did their
British brothers, and to work for
By a careful process of education
the German people have become be
lievers in and docile instruments of
militarism. The work before the
allies is to educate militarism out-of
them; first, by associations- it in their
k-ith suffering, failure and utter
and then by Inspiring love for
ocracy. This latter may be ac
complished by associating- it In their
minds with the efficiency which they
have learned to worship, by helping
them to realize Its blessings and by
scrupulously respecting their national
unity and independence, while liberat
ing the nations they have conquered.
When the German people have learned
by defeat to abandon claims to su
periority and supremacy and to ac
cept equality with other nations, the
time will be ripe to begin the work of
reconciliation. In that way the Hohen
zollerns may be expelled without dan
ger that the German people will de
sire their restoration.
ARE YOU HELPING TOUR SOLDIER T
The various woman's auxiliaries or
ganized since the war began are per
forming a noble service in behalf of
the Nation, and of those they love.
They are not only rendering material
comfort to the men in the field, but
are giving them-a morale founded on
the knowledge that they are not for
getting at any moment of the days
that the place in the home hearts is
secure that 'the home fires are kept
burning. It is a morale that will
count in the long run and bring them
back victors all the sooner.
We wish that every woman who has
a relative In the service might belong
to the auxiliary organized for the
benefit of his particular branch of the
service. There is no discrimination
in auxiliary work against those whose
relatives are not actively aiding In the
work, but one may well imagine the
feelings of the soldier who benefits
thereby knowing that his wife, mother
or sister has had no part therein.
Home work of this character can
not in many instances be undertaken
without sacrifice. But it is a sacrifice
FEEDING GOLD TO FISHES. .
An eminent Portland surgeon, whose
letter appears in The Oregonian today
over the name "Aesculapius," offers a
wholly common-sense suggestion re
garding disposition of liquors seized
by the Sheriff. It does not make the
disposition he proposes any the less
sensible to find that it is, perhaps.
Illegal. It is the law, not the surgebn,
that is foolish.
More than one thousand quarts of
whisky are in possession of the Sheriff,
and a few days ago he destroyed an
additional 600 quarts. In the content
of whisky destroyed in the last few
weeks in Portland and in that about
to be destroyed are, perhaps, 1000
quarts of alcohol. Ethyl alcohol has
several legitimate uses in Oregon. It
is lawful to sell it for those purposes.
It is going up In price. Monday's
wholesale quotation is $7 a gallon,
which means that it will retail next
week by the single quart at up
wards of $3. We are pouring Into
the sewers $2500 to $3000 worth of
material. Somewhere foodstuffs needed
for human consumption will be util
ized to manufacture alcohol to take its
It is a feature of the Oregon prohi
bition law that wholesale druggists
may import alcohol, and sell alcohol
to retail druggists, who in turn may
sell it to hospitals and to certain man
ufacturers under proper permit, yet
it is unlawful to manufacture it for
Moreover, the law definitely re
quires the Sheriff to destroy seized in
toxicants. It is unlawful for him to
sell it for the benefit of the public
treasury or to give it away.
If the correspondent's suggestion
were followed and the Sheriff should
render it unfit for use as a beverage
by adding some non-volatile chemical,
it might be construed that he had
destroyed it within the meaning of
the law. He could then sell it for the
benefit of the county or give it away
but whoever thus obtained it could
not lawfully distill it to obtain the
alcohol. Denatured alcohol might be
manufactured from it, and there is a
considerable demand for that chemi
cal. But it is worth only 45 cents a
quart at retail.
If it should be held that to dena
turize is to destroy, the Sheriff might
add the necessary chemical, then ship
the liquor to California, where the
alcohol could be distilled and shipped
back to Portland wholesale druggists.
But it is doubtful if a material saving
would be accomplished by that sub
It may be. said for the authors of
the prohibition law that theact was
framed before the necessity of food
conservation was so pressing. Still
in this particular, wherein a waste
that does no good at any time is com
manded, it is the outcome of an un
reasoning hatred of a product that
has a legitimate use In various ways.
Who can now rejoice to see $3000
worth of a material necessary to
science and manufacture, and repre
senting grain urgently needed by the
world, poured into the sewers?
NO PROFITEERING IN BREAD
Members of the Master Bakers'
Association, of New York, conferred
with Food Administrator Hoover the
other day, it i3 learned from the
New York Times, with the result that
the 8-cent loaf is to be put on sale
over the counter as soon as flour
reaches the price promised by the
Government of $11 a barrel.
The Times' account of the meeting
contains this stirring bit of informa
tion: The bakers assured the Food Commissioner
of their anxiety to do their bit, and in re
turn they were frankly warned that if they
did not support the Government in this
crisis they must expect to see the Govern
ment regulate their business, possibly at no
small inconvenience to themselves.
The "war loaf" promised by the
New York bakers will be "good, old-
fashioned home-made bread," they
say. Its cost estimate has been pre
pared by one of them as follows, the
estimate being for 300 pounds of
Malt extract 10
Adding to above Ingredients the cost
of manufacture, selling and man
aging expenses, wrapping, coal, rent,
depreciation of plant. Incidentals, to
the amount of 10.50
Making a total of $23.60
The return on the selling; price or 8
cents a loaf would be 24.00
Leaving for unforeseen expenses (per
barrel of 300-pound yield) 40
While the figures given indicate a
selling price of 8 cents a pound, it is
announced that the loaf will weigh
fourteen ounces net. It may be pre
sumed therefrom that there is a loss
of two ounces in baking.
The bread price in Portland is 1
cents, but there is no weight standard
at present. Some loaves are said to
run from sixteen to seventeen ounces
and others as low as fourteen ounces.
A fourteen-ounce loaf at 8 cents is
three-quarters of a cent cheaper than
a sixteen-ounce loaf at 10 cents, It
is admitted, however, that the New
Yprk "war - loaf contains a little less
fat, sugar and malt extract than the
loaf ordinarily on sale; and it is stated
that an extra charge will be made for
delivery, and that waxed paper will
be replaced by white wrapping paper.
It Is only fair to say that informa
tion now available concerning London
bread prices, heretofore quoted at 18
cents for a four-pound loaf, have been
artificially lowered to that figure by
the government. Any loss caused to
producers and traders is to be made
good by a government subsidy.
The British government holds that
bread is entitled to exceptional treat
ment. It Is the staff of life especially
to the poor, and it Is necessary to
bring it within their means. The same
idea might be worked out in Portland
In a way by establishing a bread
price on the carry-it-home basis and
by using a substitute for waxed paper,
as is done In New York. In any event,
there is a comforting assurance from
Mr. Hoover that there will be no
profiteering in bread.
IMPEACH XA FOLLETtE.
Senator La Kollette's defense of the
sinking of the Lusitania when the
United States la at war with Germany
certainly puts him In a very different
position before the law from that
which he would have occupied If he
had made the same defense before
war was declared.
At that time, no matter how- the
great majority of Americans might
have condemned his sentiments, their
expression was not treasonable, for
we had no declared enemy to whom
he could have given aid and comfort.
The declaration of war entirely
hanges the situation. We are now
fighting against the repetition of Just
such acts as the sinking of the Lusi
tania, and our demand for disavowal
of, and reparation for, that crime still
By instilling in the minds of the
people disbelief In the justice of our
cause, the Senator promotes divisicl
of sentiment when unity is essential
to our success, and thereby aids Ger
many, the public enemy. His lan
guage would have been treasonable,
if uttered by a private citizen; it is
doubly so when uttered by an official
sworn to uphold the Government.
Whether the Senate can be induced
to impeach the Wisconsin Senator is
contingent on the amount of pressure
which can be brought to bear upon it
by the people. That body is very
loath to take such extreme action
against one of its members, for club
like feeling restrains it. But public
opinion drove it to expel the corrupt
Lorimer, and, if strongly enough and
generally enough expressed, should
prompt it to Impeach La Follette.
The time Is ripe for this demand to
be made by every patriotic citizen in
MUST THE HOHENZOLI.ERNS GOT
One of the best results of American
intervention in the war has been that.
more than ever, the eyes of the world
are fastened on the things which
caused the war, and the will of the
allied democracies has been centered
on the one fundamental purpose to
destroy that thing. The thing in ques
tion is Prussian militarism as the out
ward expression of the doctrine that
Kings rule by divine right and that
the German nation has been chosen by
God as the Instrument with which the
Kaiser should conquer and rule the
Before the United States entered
the war much attention had been
given to this false principle, which
has been defined in a word as Prus
sianism, but the minds of the people
had been distracted from it by other
things which, important as they are.
were only incidental to and the out
growth of Prussianism. From that
sprang the wrong to Serbia which in
spired the murder of the Archduke
Franz Ferdinand and his wife; the
ultimatum to Serbia: the rape of Bel
glum; the rejection of mediation; the
Armenian massacres; Bulgaria's ac
cession to the central powers; King
Constantine's betrayal of Serbia and
establishment of absolute rule in
Greece; submarine war, air raids and
all the other heinous crimes of bar
barism. of which Germany and her
allies have been guilty. The United
States has no selfish interest in the
uarrels of Eunnpe. We have become
concerned with them only because
they have spread war over the world
like an epidemic until we were at
tacked and compelled to fight in
self-defense. It then became our part
to seek out the prime cause, to center
pur efforts upon its destruction and to
strive for such a rearrangement of the
world's affairs that this disease should
never again break out to disturb the
President Wilson has declared that
the United States is fighting to de
stroy the power of the Prussian mili
tary caste not only to attack other
nations, but over the German people
themselves, and to make no covenant
with Germany unless it is indorsed by
the freely and clearly expressed will
of the German people. That indorse
ment cannot be obtained without so
radical a change in the German gov
ernment that the divine right of the
people would be established In place
of the divine right of the Kaiser.
There is no reason to hope that this
change could be effected without
revolution, and there is grave doubt
whether a revolution would be per
manently successful unless the Hohen
zollerns were deposed and banished
from Germany. They might, under
pressure of revolt, ostensibly renounce
their claim to rule by divine right.
but the precedent of other revolutions
discourages hope that they would ac
tually do so. England' only esfab
lished constitutional monarchy by de
posing the Stuarts. France gave the
Bourbons another trial under compul
sion by other nations, but finally cast
them out in 1S48, and after a disas
trous experience with Napoleon III as
Emperor elected by popular vote, es
tablished a republic and guarded
monarchist intrigue by exiling all
claimants to the throne. In the ac
tion of King Ferdinand, of Bulgaria,
and King Constantine, of Greece, we
have recent examples of the tenacity
with which Kings cling to the claim
of divine right, even when they have
been chosen by popular election to
rule limited monarchies. There seems
to be no hope of the permanent eradi
cation of Prussianism except by depo
sition of the Hohenzollerns, and by
the same rule the Hapsburgs should
be driven out of Austria.
But Mr. Wilson's insistence that the
allies fight until the German people
give bonds to keep the peace, which
is impossible until Germany becomes
a democracy, draws from Germany
vehement protests that this is inter
ference in her Internal affairs, and,
therefore, a violation of that very
principle of national right for which
the allies fight. The Berlin Tageblatt,
while expressing a desire for democ
racy, declares this question "forbidden
territory for foreigners as a condition
of peace," and the Lokalanzelger says
Mr. Wilson "will not give us but take
from us the freedom to decide for our
selves." That Is cunningly expressed
to arouse "the national pride of the
Germans to fight for the autocracy in
resentment against foreign dictation
as to thetr internal affairs: also to
raise doubts in the minds of the allies
and to cause division of opinion among
them as to the Justice of making this
their ultimate aim.
Yet there is justification for such
interference. It was well stated by
Secretary of Labor Wilson in these
words of a speech which he deliv
ered at Brooklyn on Labor day:
Whenever any people allow the contin
uance of any form of government within
heir territory which menaces the freedom
and prosperity of other peoples, those other
peoples have the right to say: "Change your
form of government or ws will destroy It.
Prussia itself has acted on that
principle. When the. French revolu
tionists imprisoned King Louis XVI,
Prussia joined Austria in war on
France for the declared purpose of
restoring him to power and punishing
the revolutionists. They thereby Jus
tified the action of the French, when
that nation gained the power, in es
tablishing republics In Belgium, Hol
land and Italy. They made this action
of France and the subsequent aggres
sive wars of Napoleon the ground on
which the allies completed their tri
umph by deposing Napoleon and re-
storlns the Bourbons. By the treaty
of "Vienna they forcibly Joined Norway
to Sweden and Belgium to Holland.
Prussia and Austria repeatedly inter
fered in Turkey's internal affairs to
compel introduction of reforms, be
cause Turkish misrule menaced the
peace of Europe. The Austrian ulti
matum to Serbia was a gross inter
ference In that country's Internal af
fairs, and Austria justified it by the
same plea on which the allies may
now interfere in Germany's internal
affairs that Serbia had disturbed the
domestic peace of Austria and had
plotted against that country. The re
cently published secret correspond
ence between the Kaiser and the Czar
furnishes like Justification, for it
proves that ten years before the war
broke out the Kaiser was seeking to
embroil Russia and France in war
with Britain. The allies may fairly
say to Germany: "With what meas
ure you mete it shall be measured to
The statement which an arrested
picket says was made to him, that
Mayor Baker had been trying for
days to get soldiers into Portland to
shoot the strikers," is a fair sample
of the kind of falsehood which is
circulated for the deliberate purpose
of inflaming men's minds. It is such
yarns that cause strikes to breed riots,
but it is safe to say that the men
who tell take care to protect their
own skins and that they laugh in
their sleeves at their dupes. The in
ventor of that story is as guilty of
sedition as are the indicted I. W. W.
leaders, and should be hunted up and
dealt with accordingly.
One of the exhibits at the recent
State Fair that attracted visitors was
that of the State Hospital, and espe
cial attention was given to the poul
try demonstration. A case contained
the actual eggs gathered each day.
and the number of them made the
woman from the farm gasp with as
tonishment. Duplication of that re
sult Is a simple matter of attention to
detail on any farm in the state.
By his readiness to beard the Bol-
sheviki in their den, Kerensky com
mands the admiration of the world.
To his fearlessness as much as to any
other quality he owes his continued
supremacy in Russia under circum
stances which cause a procession of
names to puss swiftly before the pub
John Bull has at last built a wall
of fire on his southeast coast so high
in the air that not even an airplane
can get over without encountering
high-flying British aircraft. The war
Is steadily forced closer to the skies.
Anywhere to keep out of the Flanders
Turkey promises to be a fine field
for colonization after the war. The
Turks do not work, and they are kill
ing off everybody who does. But be
fore any new people will settle there
it will be necessary to kill or conquer
At last a straight Republican has
got an appointment at Washington,
and he got it on sheer merit. Oregon
is the prouder of Clyde Altchlson's
exaltation becouse we know he de
served it and will fill the bill.
The bootlegger Is a persistent fel
low, and his profits must be large to
offset the loss by frequent capture.
As in all else the consumer pays, but
does not care much.
When Sir Douglas Haig puts the
lid on news from the front he usually
has an unpleasant surprise in store
for the Germans. Watch for another
Messines ridge affair.
A Chicago dispatch tells about the
price of cocktails. Cocktails? What
is it? Seems to be some kind of
beverage of which we Oregonlans Have
a hazy recollection.
The individual American will win
the war by feeding the allies. An
occasional meal missed is a good way.
That will conserve health as well as
One inducement for the Dutch liners
to come to Portland is that there are
no German submarines in the Pacific.
A new lot of stories will be turned
loose this week. The Oregon funeral
directors hold a three days' meeting.
In three months you' will be writ
ing It "1918," but In the meantime
prepare for the holiday demands.
Open question in the open season
Has a deputy warden authority to
confiscate the hunter's bottle?
Recurrence of birthdays makes men
feel old that is,, some men. The
others do not know it.
Mr. Merrill ought to secure Norton
and Heflin for his next school exhlbl
October is here to put the frost on
the pumpkin and open the chestnut
To play safe the hunter would bet
ter not kill a hen pheasant today and
All the little taxes will come out of
the consumer's luxuries.
How to Keep Well.
Br Ir W A. Enns.
Question pertinent to Hygiene, sanitation
and prevention of diseases, if matters of gen
eral Interest, will be answered In this col
umn. Where space will not permit or the
subject Is not suitable, letters will be per
sonally answered, subject to proper limita
tions and where stamped addressed envelope
is Inclosed. D r, Evans will not make diag
nosis or prescribe for Individual diseases. Re
quests for such services cannot be answered.
(Copyright, 1916, by Dr. W. A. Evans.
Published by arrangement with the Chicago
VACCINATION AND SMALLPOX.
C asks us to go over the subject
of vaccination against smallpox.
He Incloses a newspaper clipping in
which a correspondent cites certain al
leged objections to such vaccination.
He quotes Dr. Page as citing Japan's
experience as proving that vaccination
Is Ineffective. He Bays'.
"Japan, with every last little Jap vac
cinated In 1908, had 18,037 cases of
smallpox with 5867 deaths. No one has
ever attempted to refute this state
ment." Kitaeato, the leading Japanese
scientist, completely refuted the state
ment In the Journal of the American
Medical Association. Aa soon aa his at
tention waa drawn to the statement,
about seven years ago," he knocked it
into a cocked hat.
The statement la made that vaccina
tion induces cancer. This is a wild
and woolly statement. For it there is
not one particle of proof and there
never has been. Those who make the
statement claim that there has been
an Increase in cancer in recent years.
Therefore, vaccination is responsible.
They might with equal logic lay the
increase in cancer to automobiles, fly
ing machines, submarines, oranges,
spinach or grapefruit.
On the other hand they might say
that the increase in cancer Is due to
the decrease In elephants, stage coaches
The Army vaccinated against small
pox. Smallpox Is unknown In the
Army. Every health officer In the
world charged with the responsibility
of protecting people against smallpox.
advocates vaccination. The antl-vac-clnatlonlsts
formerly quoted the health
officer of Leicester, England, as an
answer to this statement.
Since the views of that health of
ficer were published about two years
ago they do not dare quote him. They
formerly quoted Hodge of Niagara, not
as a health officer, but as a publicist.
Since Niagara became the best vac
cinated city In America, we do not hear
of smallpox at Niagara nor is Hodge
quoted. In proportion as they are un
vaccinated they have smallpox.
Pains of No Comtqneiirf.
L. M. J. writes: "I am a young girl
of 22. am 4 feet 11H Inches in height,
weigh 102 pounds and have had no
serious Illness, barring slight colds, for
11 years. I am greatly Interested In
athletics, particularly basketball and
swimming. Recently I have at times
experienced a pain In the vicinity of my
heart. It does not seem to affect me.
as my breathing and pulse remain nor
mal and my cheeks do not lose their
color. I can walk long distances and
do the housework required without un
due fatigue. Do you advise that I see
a physician? I have thought of infec
tion caused by teeth, but must say that
have my teeth looked after twice a
Transient pains In the chest are of no
Maximum Army Weight.
X. T. Z. writes: "Kindly publish the
maximum army weight for a man 5
feet 11 inches."
For field artillery, coast artillery. Infantry
and engineers the maximum weight allowed
190 pounds. Examiners show some ten
dency to relax requirements now.
R. P. writes: "I have a little girl 11
years old wno had an attack of
Bright's disease seven years ago. If It
was not that it was Inflammation of
the kidneys. She made a complete re
covery. Last year she had a slight at
tack but made a complete recovery.
This year, at the end of last month, she
had another attack and is making ex
cellent progress under, of course, the
care oi a doctor, i write to ask you
if you would be kind enough to give
me full directions as to the solid and
liquid nourishment she ought to take,
or would you be kind enough to recom-
ment a book (medical) on the subject
that a layman could understand. Do
you think that the little girl has
good chance to fully throw off the dis
The best article of which I know Is to be
found In the August 11, 1017. number of
the Journal of the Amerlcal Medical Asso
ciation. 1 am sure you can understand this
article. Send 15 cents to the Journal of
the American Medical Association, 535 North
Dearborn street. Chicago. 111. Von Noorden's
small book on the subject is getting out of
date. The repetition of the attacks does not
make your child's outlook so good as It
Rapture and Operation.
Mrs. C. F. writes: "1. Will you
please tell me what you think of my
sister's case. She has a rupture. Is
rupture In women ever dangerous?
Would you advise operation? She la 23
years old and not strong. The doctors
think she may also have appendicitis.
If that is correct would it be advls
able to have two operations or have all
at one time?
"2. My husband asks if agar is more
effective for constipation than bran.
He has suffered for 20 years. What ia
1. There rs some danger of strangulation
In rupture. However, decision as to opera
tion is generally based on the inconven
ience and incapacity which, it causes. Op
eration for rupture can be done at the same
sitting as operation for nonsuppurative ap
nendlcltta It is sometimes advisable to
combine the two operation.
2. In most cases bran is the more effec
tive. Agar Is a dried sea plant.
"Why Not Extend Draft T
PORTLAND. Sept. 30. (To the Edl
tor.) In this war to save our birth
right and freedom from Prussian ar
srresslon we conscript excess profits,
commandeer industrial plants and ships
and conscript our boys, the flower of
the land, to face Prussian bullets In the
trenches of France.
Why not conscript ship carpenters
and other help needed to supply our
boys with their needs and make vic
tory possible also make example of the
agitator and walking delegates respon
sible for. the present strikes?
MAI'S CITED IN ROAD ROUTE 1SSI K
Official Publications Snow Amity and
Dnllast on Pacific IliffhwaT
AMITY", Or., Sept. 29. (To the Ed
itor.) In answer to a letter from our
friend, J. C. Hayter, of Dallas, published
in The Oregonian, I wish to make a few
statements. McMlnnville nor Yamhill
County has ever tried to put Dallas on
a spur or sidetrack, nor do we now
have any such desire. Wo have never
nor do we expect to ask for anything
the law did not intend we should have
Mr. Hayter says the law states that
the highway must go through Dallas.
As a matter of fact, article 2 of sec
tion 6 of the law says "to Dallas," not
"through Dallas." But as to that we
have never tried to divert the road from
It is a well-known fact that It was
the Intention of the Legislature that
the highway was to go through Amity
and Rickreall and on to Dallas, and in
campaigning for the S6, 000. 000 bond is
sue the various speakers, of which
Commissioner Adams was one, gave the
voters to understand that the highway
was to go from McMlnnville through
Amity to Dallas. The Oregon Voter,
which was sent out over the state, and
numerous maps published by other pa
pers as well as the official pamphlet
sent by the Secretary of State to every
registered voter showed the hisrhwav
leadlng from McMlnnville south through
Amity to Dallas. If It was not gener
ally accepted that this was the logical
route and the one Intended bv the Leg
islators, why did not someone lift his
voice against the route laid out before
the law was passed? Again, the road
eadlng from McMlnnville to Tillamook
s designated as a post road. If it had
been the intention that this road should
be followed for the route to Dallas
from McMlnnville why was the road
from McMlnnville to Bellevue desig
nated as a post road?
The fact is. Mr. Hayter and everv
other citizen of Polk County knew that
the most direct route from Dallas to
Portland is by way of Amity, and it is
a wen-Known Tact that the people of
Polk County, from Dallas. Monmouth.
Independence and on south, travel
through Amity in going to Portland or
from Portland going south. In fact
this route has always been recognized
as the one of main travel ever since
there has been any travel in the state.
It has been recognized and designated
by the Government as a main highway.
aignDoaras showinjr it as such mav
be seen all along the way.
hat Mr. Hayter savs about the mart
leading from Newberg through Dayton
to Amity has no reference whatever to
the Pacific Highway. That road Is de
fined as one leading from the Multno
mah County line by Tigard. Rex and
Newberg to McMlnnville. There it
Mr. Hayter acknowledges th:it it Is
the part of common sense to ront the
highway where it will benefit the
greatest possible number of people. We
most heartily agree with him on this,
and that Is all we have ever asked for.
II the Commission would onlv- do that.
there would be no Just cause for com
plaint. C. It. MATTH1S. M. D.
AXTHE1I GIVES SCANT nKSPECT
Soldier Criticises Ileitis; Audience for
Treatment of "Star-Spangled Banner."
VANCOUVER BARRACKS. Wash.,
Sept. 29 (To the Editor.) I am not in
the habit of writing letters for publi
cation, and this is my first attempt.
Unless something unforeseen occurs It
will probably be my last, but I cannot
resist the Impulse at this time.
I attended a performance at the Ilel-
llg Theater one evening recently, very
recently, and at the conclusion of the
performance tho orchestra Dlaved the
"Star-Spangled Banner." I assure you
I have seen almost any other piece of
music receive more attention than was
paid to our National anthem. In fact,
had it been "Yaka Hula Hicky Dula"
am quite sure the audience would
not have been in such a rush to get out.
1 have attended theaters in all Darts
of the country, and while I must say
I have not always been impressed with
the reception of the National anthem.
I do not think I have ever seen such
a gross disregard of it, and it does
seem-.very strange at this time.
Officers and enlisted men of the Armv
are required to salute at the first note
of the anthem and hold It until the
last note is played. I had started to
leave before they started to play the
anthem, and when they did start I saw
It was Impossible for me to stand at
attention, as the audience was all on
the move. Most of the soldiers In the
audience were in the same fix.
I lived in Canada part of my life, and
the difference in the reception accorded
the National anthem there and the Na
tional anthem in this country is so
great as to be almost unbelievable.
Still. I do not think that the people
here are one mite less patriotic, but
why, in the name of goodness, they
overlook this small but very necessary
opportunity of showing it is more than
I can understand. I am one of thou
sands of young men who have sacri
ficed quite a good deal to fight for
what our National anthom stands for,
and I know that these same thousands
feel the samo way I do about the mat
ter. A SOLDIER.
SAVING GRAIN! WASTING! ALCOHOL
Nonsensical- Destruction of Seised
Liquors Condemned by "Writer.
PORTLAND, Sept. 30. (To the Edi
tor.) Congress has recently passed
laws limiting distillation for the pur
pose of saving grain. That alcohol
has legitimate uses, even my most
ardent colleagues in the prohibition
cause will admit. I say this because
I am personally in favor of prohibi
tion now. as I was at the election in
which I voted for it.
My work as a surgeon takes me dally
to the hospitals. I have personal
knowledge of the needs of the patho
logical laboratory of the medical
school. Today's papers announce that
the Sheriff has in his possession more
than 1000 quarts of whisky.
Why may not this whisky, which, as
we know, contains from 40 to 50 per
cent of alcohol, be conserved for legiti
mate uses rather than wasted by being
thrown Into the sewers?
It can readily be rendered unfit for
consumption by adding some non-volatile
denaturizing chemical, and subse
quently recovered by distillation for
I feel certain that Mr. Hoover, Mr.
Ayer, Governor Withycombe and many
others who have knowledge as to these
facts concerning alcohol would Indorse
the plan. Let us hope that someone in
authority will speedily make an effec
tive motion to stop this waste.
All Kinds of Secrets.
New York Post.
Katherine and Margaret found them
selves seated next each other at a din
ner party and Immediately became
confidential. "Molly told me that you
told her that secret I told you not to
tell her." whispered Margaret. "Oh
isn't she the mean thing!" gasped
Katherine. "Why, I told her not to
tell you!" "Well," returned Margaret,
"I told her I wouldn't tell you she told
me so don t tell her I did.
Causes of Onr Revolution.
"Gertrude." asked the teacher, "what
were the causes of the Revolutionary
War?" "It had something to do with
automobiles, but I do not understand
Just what," replied Gertrude. "Oh. no!"
said the teacher, "that was before the
the day of automobiles." "Well, It said
it was on account of unjust taxis,
said Gertrude firmly.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Ycnm AkO.
From The Oregonian, October 1, 1892.
Homestead, Pa. A number Of the
strikers' advisory committee has been
arrested on a charge of treason in con
nection with the recent steel mill
strike. They are charged with mak
ing war against the state and resist
ing the Law and Constitution.
Colfax. Wash. The grandest politi
cal rally ever staged here was that last
night for the reception of Hon. John
McUraw, gubernatorial candidate.
Rudyard Kipling's earnings were
said to have been deposited in the New
Orleans bank which recently suspend
ed and the writer was so upset about
it that he gave up his trip to Samoa.
II. G. Colton's bicycle, which was
stolen recently, has turned up In San
Francisco and is being shipped back
The Nicaraguan Canal Commission
has just completed its report on the
feasibility of the proposed work.
D. C. O'Reilly, traveling freight
agent of the Union Pacific, returned
yesterday from an extended) trip
through the Eastern part of the state.
Half a Century Agro.
From The Oregonian, October 1, 1S6T.
Walter Brothers have removed to
their new store at 89 Front street,
formerly occupied by Cohen, Lyon 6s
W. E. Howell, while driving from
Brownsville to Lebanon last week, was
severely bruised when his team ran
away, following the -breaking of the
Judge Wyche arrived yesterday
from the Sound, where he has been
trying the divorce case of Mrs. Wilson,
wife of the Collector of Customs. Tho
suit was brought by Mrs. Wilson, but
was denied by the court. Their promi
nence attracted wide attention to the
Dr. Cummings, having predicted the
end of the world for this year, now
comes forward and admits that he made
a great mistake In his calculations. He
had overlooked figures which add
something like a qulntilllon of years
to the race which this mundane sphere
has yet to run.
STATEMENT OF ISSUES DEMANDED
Writer Calls on Employer and Employe
to State Positions In Strike.
PORTLAND, Sept. 30. (To the Edi
tor.) There seems to be a failure of
some people, at this time, to appreciate
the paramount question before the Na
tion today. It Is not a controversy be
tween capital and labor. He who sees
only such controversy, it seems to us,
measures patriotism by dollars.
The real question is the successful
prosecution of the war. the upholding
of the honor of our country, the flag
for which our fathers died, and the
supporting of our sons and brothers
who are now in the ranks for the pres
ervation of human liberty as against
If I am right, we as citizens are en
titled to a definite public statement of
the demands of both the strikers and
the employers. When these issues are
clearly and fairly stated on both sides,
American intelligence will settle them.
If It is a question of profits on one
irte and wages on the other, those who
hold out will find a patriotic citizen
ship against them. If those are the
only questions involved it is time for
the fathers and mothers of the sons
who have enlisted in the army of hu
manity to get busy.
Mr. Employer, give us the issues as
you see them. Mr. striker you wno
are in authority give us the issues as
you understand them.
Before any question can be settled
the issues must first be determined.
This is a time and the conditions are
such that the people have a right to
know what issues are Interfering with
the work for the support of the Army.
What are the issues, gentlemen?
11. Lu GANOE,
WOnKEIt IN" ESSENTIAL IXDrSTBT
He Performs Not His Duty, Then
Draft of Others Is ITnJust.
BEND, Or., Sept. 29. (To the Ed
itor.) For nearly 50 years of my life
have been a laboring man. 20 years
of this a union man. and I have always
advocated the cause of labor, so 1
would like to say a few words regard
ing these labor strikes on the Pacific
If the Government can demand and
exact that all men between the ages
of 21 and 31 register for the draft
(some 10.000.000) and can pick the very
flower of this manhood for the battle
fields of Europe, with all the dangers.
hardships and suffering, with the
chances of being killed, wounded or
maimed and disfigured for life, why
can it not have something to say about
how those that escape all this shall
serve the Government?
Why should one man. because he is
Dhvsically fit. be made to serve his
country in the most dangerous form.
with no liberty of action or speecn. or
the hours he shall work and the pay
he gets, while the fellow that happens
to he cross-eyed or have ingrowing toe
nails or a wart on his nose, or a trade.
escapes to enjoy life as he sees fit. and
puts every obstacle in tne way to Hin
der and obstruct the Government, de
manding the very biggest pay. short
hours, overtime and closed snop de
manding his pound of flesh or a strike?
If there is to be any Justice In mis
selective draft, then the Government
should make every manjack of them
serve it In some way.
They should have a duty to perform.
just as well as those that are physi
cally fit. If not. then this selective
draft becomes the rankest injustice.
xv. B. C.
RED CROSS IMPRESSES DR. LABBB
Portland Physician "Writes of Visit t
Headquarters at National CapItaL
WASHINGTON, Sept. 25. (To the
Editor.) I have Just spent two days
at the headquarters of the American
Red Cross here in Washington, D. C,
and feel that the people of Oregon
should know how well their funds are
being handled by that big concern.
In the first place. 1 was impressed
with the lack of red tape. Anyone with
business to transact is received prompt
ly and courteously and the matter
attended to immediately. The spirit
one gets is that everything Is being
done by everyone at the least possible
cost consistent with the greatest effi
ciency. From "buttons" to director the serv
ices are volunteered. When" wages are
paid they are to individuals who can
not afford to EiVe all their time for
nothing. In such cases living expenses
are allowed just what the Individual
In the case of the medical profession
the Red Cross is obtaining the best
minds, specially trained men from our
finest institutions of learning for the
asking. Men are giving up good sal
aries or fine practices and accepting
assigned position without hope of
honor or reward just for the good of
The people of Oregon may rest as
sured that every cent advanced will be
Invested In the care of the needy, sick
and wounded, and not In supporting a
large btch of officials.
EDMUND J. LABBE, M. D.