Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, October 01, 1917, Image 1

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VOL. LVII. XO. 1T,740.
Agitators Alarmed by
Men of Wealth and Influence
May Be Involved.
line of Best Known Members of
i Organization Taken in Sew
York on AVarrants Is: ued
in the AVest.
CHICAGO. Sept. 30. Many members
of the Industrial Workers of the "World
have fled from Chicago and other cities
as a result of the returning of indict
ments against a large number of their
leaders by the grand Jury here Friday,
according to Charles F. Clyne, United
States District Attorney, but this was
expected by the Federal agents, and
careful track has been kept of all
those who may be wanted.
William D. Haywood and other lead
ers arrested here are still in jail to
night in default of bail, which, in the
case of Haywood, was placed at $25,000.
Mr. Clyne refused to state what fur
ther arrests were contemplated by the
Influential Men Involved,
One of the surprising features de
veloped in the grand jury investiga
tion was that many wealthy and in
fluential persons have been brought
into sympathy with the I. W. W. Mr.
Clyne expressed the belief that pressure
had been brought to bear in cases of
this kind. It was said that in some
cases action would be brought against
these prominent persons on charges of
The secretary of the Chicago I. W. W.
organization taunted, officers today
with this statement: "We've raised
1500,000 to fight your Government and
j on haven't begun to stop us."
A young man stood beside the leader.
He cried: "Yes. and we can get, a lot
more from the Kaiser, too. It has been
The leader swung around and clapped
his hand over the other's mouth. ."Shut
your d mouth," he yelled.
Raids Stop Catherines.
Government raids on the I. W. W.
meeting places have stopped further
gatherings. But unnamed officials an
nounced . tonight members hereafter
will be expected to come singly to the
headquarters, bringing friends who are
willing to "contribute" to the defense
Every member, according to the new
I. W. W. proclamation, is expected to
give as mucn as possible. The order
went into effect today. At a late hour
tonight $1.75 had been contributed.
Four Notables Arrested.
Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, Carlo Tres
es, John Baldazza and Arturo Gio
vanitti, active members, were arrested
in New York City on indiictments is
sued here. All have been prominent in
labor disputes for several years. Miss
(Concluded on Page 3, Column '1.1
Rheta Childe Dorr has just re
turned from Kussia, where she
spent three
months close
to the people,
gathering ma
terials for one
of the greatest
news serials of
the war.
The Orego
nian will begin
publishing Mrs.
Dorr's account
of her observa
tions and con
clusions next
T5Qf '
Rbeta Childe
Daily installments will follow
for three weeks or more.
Mrs. Dorr will answer the
Questions that Americans are so
anxiously asking: "What manner
of man is Kerensky? Is he a
strong leader?" and "Will he
hold out? What about the wom
en in the Legion of Death? What
of the Bolsheviki, the visionary
radicals, who are doing so much
to handicap the new republic?"
Mrs. Dorr will tell how sol
diers gouge out officers' eyes;
how workmen .exact fabulous
wages and then refuse to work:
how agitators from New York
tell Russian mobs that America
has a ruler that out-kaisers the
Kaiser; how thieves loot at will,
and how nearly the present gov
ernment approaches absolute
powerlessness in the face of the
universal anarchy that prevails.
Every American will want to
read Mrs. Dorr's wonderful story.
It points the way to our duty
toward a distracted and demor
alized ally.
Wreckage of Motor Strewn for 2 50
Yards and Bodies of Seattle
Trio Badly Mutilated.
AfBCRN, Wash., Sept. 30. Two
women and a man were instantly killed
at Pacific City, four miles south of
here, at 4 o'clock this afternoon, when
a Puget Sound Electric Railway train.
running 60 miles an hour, struck the
automobile in which they were rid
ing. The dead are: .Michael Phillips, aged
26, a steeplejack employed by the Se
attle Construction Company, and Mil
dred Martin, 18, and Amy Martin, 24,
sisters, daughters of F. E. Martin, of
Phillips and the two young women
had been to Tacoma and were returning
to Seattle. As Phillips drove his au
tomobile toward the railroad crossing
at 30 miles an hour, his view or the
railroad to the south was cut off by
the Pacific City station.
The electric train struck the light
automobile squarely and carried it for
50 yards before being brought to a
stop. Wreckage of the automobile
was so closely wrapped about the pilot
of the locomotive that it took half an
hour to untangle it.
The bodies of the victims were man
gled almost beyond recognition.
Exemption Applies to Income on
First $5000 Owned.
WASHINGTON, Sept, 30. Secretary
McAdoo, explaining the provision of
the bond bill governing exemption of
liberty loan bonds of the second issue
from surtax, announced Saturday that
regardless of the amount of bonds pur
chased by a single individual or cor
poration, interest on the first $5000
wcrth would be exempted from all tax
ation. Where purchases exceed $5000 worth
of bonds, interest on the excess will be
subject to surtax.
I'ood Administrator Wants Farmers
to Treble Output.
PHILADELPHIA, Sept. 30. The ne
cessity of 'encouraging the farmers to
raise three tim1 as many bogs this
year as they did last year was em
phasized by Herbert Hoover Saturday
in addressing a food supply conference
composed of members of the Pennsyl
vania committee on public safety and
others interested in the food problems.
"We are sending abroad more hog
products at the present time than we
produce," he asserted.
Admiral's Widow Resigns as Xavy
League Chairman.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 30. Mrs. George
Dewey tonight resigned as honorary
chairman of the comforts committee
of the Navy League.
Mrs. Dewey is president of the Wom
an's Naval Service, which recently
changed its name from the Woman's
Section of the Navy League, because of
the controversy between Secretary
Daniels and the league.
FARM LOANS $1 1 ,072,395
Federal Land Bank at Spokane Does
Mnch Business In Six Months.
SPOKANE. Wash.. Sept. 30. Loans
totaling $11,072,395 have been appraised
and approved by the Federal Land
Bank of Spokane during the first six
months of its existence, according to a
statement of President D. G. O'Shea,
show'ng business to October 1.
Charters have been recommended for
209 National farm loan associations in
Washington, Idaho, Montana and Ore
Many Agents of Mj-sterions Move
Arrested at Petrograd. '
FETR.OGRAD, Sept. 29. Many arrests
have been made in Petrograd of Finn
ish agents who were purchasing fire
arms. The newspapers say the arrests re
vealed mysterious arrangements for
the arming of Finland and that some
purchases were made openly in the
streets and cafes, and even at arsenals.
State Ward Believed to Be Danger
ous, so Close Watch Is Kept.
SALEM. Or., Sept. 30. (Special.)
J. D. Evans, committed to the State
Hospital from Phoenix in 1909, escaped
from the institution farm tonight.
Close watch is being kept for him, as
in some ways he is considered dan
Michaelis Condition "Leaves Very
Much to Be Desired," Report.
AMSTERDAM. Sept. 30 A Berlin
telegram to the Riminische Westfa
lische Zeitung of Essen says that the
state of health of the German Chancel
lor, Dr. Michaelis, "leaves very much
to. be desired."
Men; tafollette Type
Hit Hard.
Americans in Congress Who
Serve Kaiser Scored.
Germany, Colonel Says, Has Re
duced Savagery to Science and
War for Victorious Peace of
Justice Must Go On.
JOHNSTOWN, Pa., Sept. 30. "Shadow
Huns," "men who sit in our National
Legislature and serve the Kaiser," and
the "Huns within our gates," received
another denunciation today from ex
President Theodore Roosevelt in an
address here at the Workingmen's Red
Cross Sunday celebration.
Departing from his set address. Colo
nel Roosevelt brought to his auuience
the need of true Americanism and the
duty devolving upon every citizen of
the United States in standing behind
the young men who have enlisted or
have been made parts of the National
Army for the purpose of "cutting the
German cancer clean out of the world
No La FollrtteM in Germany.
"You don't find any 'Shadow-Huns' in
Germany," Mr. Roosevelt declared.
"If in Germany any man acted as
La Follette in this country they would
put him to digging trenches. I would
send him as a gift to the Kaiser. Let
the 'Shadow-Huns' go back to their
Using the disastrous Johnstown
flood of 1889 as an example, the ex
President drew a striking parallel as
to the peril ' of the United States re
sulting from its unpreparedness. 'ss.
Savaiccrr Made a Selenee.
He said that the owners of the South
Fork dam here, which broke, causing
the flood, had hesitated to strengthen
it because of the cost, j" r as the lead
ers of this Nation in the period since
the outbreak of the European war and
prior to our entry had hesitated to
strengthen the Nation's defenses.
"Until the German cancer is cut clean
out of the world body," said Mr. Roose
velt, "this great war for the victorious
peace of justice must go on. Germany
has reduced savagery to a science.
10.000 Atrocities Recounted.
"There are official records of more
than 10,000 separate atrocities com
mitted by the German armies, not
sporadically, but as a part of the de
liberate plan of 'schrecklichkeit,' of
horror, upon which the German gov
eminent has counted."
(-;;-' """" 1 -'
Rancher Returned From Trip to
Sweden Finds Legal Tangle
Had Compelled Divorce.
LEWISTOX, Idaho. Sept. 30. John
Nelson, of near Dayton, Wash., a pros
perous ranch-owner, who was divorced
on the ground of desertion, and his for
mer wife, to whom the court restored
her maiden name of Clara Wood, were
remarried here yesterday by Probate
Judge William Bollinger.
Nelson and his wife are pioneer resi
dents of the Dayton country and resid
ed there as man and wife for many
years, rearing a family. Finally Nel
son, becoming well off, decided to visit
his old home in Sweden, and left for
Sweden Just before the Lusitania dis
aster'. Shortly afterward an apparent
ly well-authenticated report reached
his home that he was among the vic
tims of the submarine which sank the
liner. '
Nelson had, however, reached Sweden
safely, but through some mischance all
his communications failed to reach his
wife and family. Nelson believing the
submarine activities and rigid censor
shp of war times were the reason that
no communication reached him from
his family.
To straighten a business tangle which
arose as the result of his absence the
wife secured a divorce. A few days ago
Nelson returned home. The trip to
Lewiston was arranged, and the parties
are now on their second honeymoon.
Major Greenongh Musters in Wash
ington Men at Walla Walla.
WALLA WALLA, Wash., Sept. 30.
(Special.) The Washington Field Ar
tillery was inducted into the Federal
service this afternoon by Major A. C.
Greenough, of the Western Division
Headquarters in San Francisco. The
muster was preceded by a battalion pa
rade and review.
The physical examination of the men
has been completed and 30 of the bat
talion were rejected.
About 3S men are out for football
practice daily under the direction of
Lieutenant Langdon, a W. S. C. star.
There are a number of ex-high school
and college stars in the battalion.
Reply to Entente Allies Will Ask
Them to State Peace Terms.
PARIS. Sept. 30. A dispatch to the
Temps from Geneva says that Pope
Benedict, in transmitting to the entente
allies the replies received from the
central powers to his peace proposals
will set forth in an accompanying note
the theory Germany and Austria, have
accepted a basis of negotiations satis
factory to the allies and will ask the
allies to state their conditions.
Lnca Botta, Tenor, Dies.
NEW YORK, Sept. 30. Luca Botta,
for the last three seasons a leading
tenor of the Metropolitan Opera com
pany, died here Saturday, aged 35
Thrilling Naval Actions
Are Reported.
Torpedo Fired 800 Yards Hits
Fire Directed at Diver Three Miles
Distant Brings Smoke and
Flames and Vessel
LONDON, Sept.. 30. Another series of
thrilling reports of recent naval ac
tions against German submarines, il
lustrative of the manner in which the
U-boat menace is being met, was given
out tonight by the Admiralty. The
figures are official and authenticated,
but no dates are given.
The statement begins by reciting
how a torpedo gunboat sighted a peri
scope 600 yards away and pursued it.
When at a distance of 50 yaftls the
periscope disappeared, and the gun
boat passed oyer the submarine. The
impact of the collision was felt and
explosive charges were dropped astern.
Oil Noted on Water.
A seaplane reported patches of oil
on the surface and a mine sweeper
found an obstruction on the bottom at
this point.
A torpedo boat patrolling in the At
lantic found a steamer torpedoed and
sinking, rescued the survivors and cir
cled about the locality more than an
hour before locating the submarine.
The torpedo boat dropped three sub
marine bombs. Oil and air bubbles
reeking of gasoline came to the sur
face. J Hit Made at 80O Tarda.
A British U-boat sighted a German
submersible while both wr on the sur
face. The British submarine dived and
later picked up the enemy through the
periscope. A torpedo, fired at 800
yards, caused a violent explosion in
the German vessel. When the British
arrived they found a patch of oil In
which Germans were swimming.
A flotilla of sweepers was engaged
in Western Channel waters when an
explosion occurred between a pair of
them, the wire net parting. When the
sweeping wire was pulled in two mines
were found entangled, one on the ship's
side and the other just under the
The slightest roll of the ship strik
ing the mine's "whiskers" would have
been sufficient to set off an annihilat
ing charge. A second officer with vol
unteers coolly cut the wire. The mines
fell into the sea without exploding.
(Concluded on Pas 3. Column 3.
Bombs Also Dropped in Kent and
Essex and Three Enemy Ma
chines Reported Dropped.
LONDON,' Sept. 30. The London dis
trict was again raided tonight by Ger
man airmen. There is a circumstantial
but unconfirmed report that three
enemy machines were brought down.
While there was a bright moon there
also was a slight mist, and the raiders
were Invisible to persons In the streets,
but from the sounds of the anti-aircraft
guns in action the indications
were that the raiders were moving over
various quarters of the district.
Field Marshal Lord French reports
that two groups of enemy machines.
followed by others flying singly.
crossed the Kent and Essex coasts be
tween 6:40 and 8 o'clock tonight. They
came toward London. About 10 pene
trated the outer defenses, but only four
or five got through to London itself.
Bombs were dropped In Kent, Essex
and London. No details of the damage
or casualties have yet been received.
In expectation of nightly raids, the
streets of London were much less
crowded tonight than ordinarily. A
majority of the people went early to
their homes and the services in the
churches were held at 5 o'clock, instead
of 7. Hence, when the warning was
Issued, the etreets were quickly cleared.
There were the usual scenes In the
tubes and other shelters, but the po
lice and special constables had less dif
ficulty in handling the crowds than on
previous occasions.
Papers Washed Ashore; Entire Crew
Believed Perished.
NEW YORK, Sept. 30. News was re
ceived here last night of the torpedo
ing of the steamship Glenogle. flying
the Chinese flag, off the Irish Coast
by a German submarine four weeks
ago. She had a crew of 100 men, all
Chinese, with the exception of the offi
cers and engineers.
There were no survivors, apparently,
and the sinking of the ship with her
crew was discovered through the pa
pers being washed ashore in Bantry
Bay, Ireland.
Isaac SeliRntan Dies as Result of
Being .Thrown From Horse.
NEW YORK, Sept. 30. Isaac Newton
Seligman. a member of the banking
firm of J. and W. Selisman & Co., of
this city, died in a hospital here today
from a fracture of the skull suffered
in a fall from his hose this morning
near his Summer home at Irvington,
N. T. The banker was found uncon
scious at the epot where he had been
Naval Forces Placed Aboard Eight
German Vessels.
LIMA. Peru, Sept. 30. Peruvian
naval forces yesterday were placed on
board five German steamships and three
German sailing vessels which have
been laid up at Callao since early in
the war.
Parts of the machinery were miss
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature. 68
degrees; minimum. 50 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; westerly winds.
London raided by aircraft again. Page 1.
British Admiralty reports thrilling engage
ments with German U-boats. Pago 1.
Von Kuehlmann expresses real wish for
peace. Pas4 2.
American ambulances to be with Russia
soon. Page -.
Roosevelt denounces men who sit In Na
tional Legislature and servo Kaiser.
Page L
American banks said to have been involved
In Bolo Pasha transactions. Page S.
Five billion Is goal In second liberty loan
drive which opens today. Page .
Pensacola damage from hurricane Is slight.
Page 4.
Great Lakes seamen win strike. Page 6.
Oregon troop visit Alamo. Page 4.
Complete resumption ot work In the San
Francisco shipyards announced for to
day. Page 3.
Many I. W. W. flee from Chicago. Page 1.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland
3-10, Vernon 4-4; Bait Lake 3-3. Oakland
6-2; San Francisco 2-4, Los Angeles 8-L
Page 10.
Fans donate $858 to soldier bat and ball
. fund. Page 10.
Size of ball parks will limit world's series
attendance. Page 11.
Pacific Northwest.
Train kills three in auto near Auburn.
Page 1.
Divorced wife of supposed victim of Lusi
tania disaster reweds former husband.
Page 1.
Allen Eaton not to be dismissed from Ore
gon faculty. Page C.
Portland and Vicinity.
Former Ambassador Gerard tells of Ger
many's unlimited capacity tor hate.
Page 1.
Giving is on of the essentials of the Chris
tian religion, says Rev. Mr. Oriffls at
First Christian Church. Page 11.
Public Safety Commission has new plan to
curb recKless driving. Page 6.
E. G. Andrews arrested for second desertion
of wife. Page 7.
Mary Carolyn Davles, now in Portland, has
Just completed volume ot verse. Page 14.
Orpheum opens new season with Interest
ing bill of great variety. Page 14.
Oregon begins big drive to raise 16.500,000
of second liberty loan. Page 0.
Negotiations opened looking to settlement
of shipyard strike here. Page 3.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 11.
Dairy business in turmoil ss result of recent
price changes. Page 11.
Olive Drab Americans
Warned by Gerard.
Ex-Ambassador Tells About
America's Worst Foe.
Let Xo One Expect, Says Mr
Gerard, Tliut Germany Is to
Be Bcuten by Starvation
or by Strife at Homo.
When olive-Srab boys of the Ameri
can troops go over the top in their
first rush across No Man's Land, they
will wield the bayonet with a full
realization of the fact that to become a.
Prussian prisoner is not the least of
the woes that may befall a soldier ot
Such is the opinion of James V.
Gerard, ex - Ambassador to Germany,
who will address the citizens of Tort
land at a mass meeting in the Public
Auditorium at noon today. Nor is any
one more qualified to express such an
opinion, for Mr. Gerard was one of
civilization's witnesses to the brutal
treatment that the first captured sol
diers of England received in Prussian
prison camps.
tierman Hate Unlimited.
"Germany has an unlimited capacity
for hate," said Mr. Gerard yesterday.
"Because the British came into the
war. contrary to their expectations, the
British prisoners were treated with
great cruelty during the first few
months of conflict.
"For the same reason the first Ameri
can soldier to be taken prisoner by the
Germans will have a very hard time.
Germany hates America, as she hates
Britain, for this country's unexpected
entrance as her foe."
Far .removed from the wars of fic
tion, the sheen of romance and the
lure of battle, is the strife that the
United States has undertaken, declares
Mr. Gerard. Every resource of the
Nation must be strained for victory If
America is to be .freed from the men
ace of Prussianism.
"One thing I wish to impress upon
all," he said with emphasis, "is that
Germany still Is extremely strong,
and that the only way she can bo
beaten Is by an actual military effort
in the field.
Prisoners Number 3.O0O.000.
"There will soon be, perhaps. 43,000
men In training at Camp Lewis. In
this war such a number is nothing at
all. It is negligible, save as the
smallest of units. Germany alone has
2,000,000 prisoners of war. Austria,
holds approximately 1,000,000. Such
figures afford some Idea of the mag
nitude of the war which America has
"Now, will the war end with peace?
Even now Germany Is preparing for
the war after the war, the struggle
for commercial supremacy. She Is
steadily building ships to capture the
carrying trade when the conflict shall
have been concluded.
"Germany has been buying up Mex
ico, and, unless they are thoroughly
beaten, they will be more dangerous
to us than ever. In that direction
grave peril lies."
Prussian Fat From Starvation.
Not slow starvation, nor any pros
pective military defeat, will operate
toward the creation of peace sentiment
in Germany, in the opinion of Mr. Ger
ard. "While economic conditions have
grown steadily worse, the Prussians are
far from starvation and will remain so.
"Realization by the intellectual
classes of Germany of three prospects
will render them anxious to conclude,
peace," said Mr. Gerard. "Economic
pressure, constantly increasing; the
certainty that the losses of war will not
be met by indemnities, and the heavy
loss of trade during the war and the,
permanent loss which will follow, will
prove to be the determining factors.
"Germans must be beginning to real
ize that they cannot expect to pay off
the expenses of the war by indemnities.
The loss of foreign trade, on whicit
Germany depended largely for her Na
tional wealth, is heavy. And German
manufacturers and foreign traders un
derstand that they not only have lost
profits during the war, but bavo lost
the greater proportion of their trade
Oerman Trade Must Lose.
"Other nations, which before the
struggle depended upon Germany for
many things, are learlng to use substi
tutes and to manufacture the hereto
fore imported articles of German make.
For Instance. American Imports of Ger
man toys used to aggregate $30,000,000
each year. Now the American child
has learned to replace the foreign toy
with those that are not made in Ger
many. When his smaller brother asks
for toys, he will ask for the same kind,
and will no longer be satisfied with tha
Nuremberg toy. .
"We are learning to make dyestuffs.
as are England and Japan. Germany
held a monopoly on these. They have
but one thing that really was neces
sary to us, and that is potash. But we
are developing the vat deposits of
Searle's Lake, In California. Potash la
(Coucluded ua Taxe 4, Column