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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. IVII. .NO." 17,726.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 14. 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
SOLDIERS AT CAMP
ARE IN UNIVERS.TY
WOMEN MAY HELP
SAVE APPLE CROP
BREAD HOLDS HIGH
AFTER FLOUR DROPS
MILE TRIP IS
E 111 LIFEBOAT
EDITH CAVELL DIED
LIKE TRUE HEROINE
CONVICT IS HALTED
BY RAIN OF BULLETS
WAR WORK COTJXCIIj WILL- EX.
ROIilj 46,000 AT LEWIS.
PRICE NOT BASED ON $15 MA
TERIAL, SAY BAKERS.
BELGIAN: WHO DEFENDED HER
SAYS SHE DID NOT FAINT.
SWEDE-1 MEX CO
Lansing Reveals New
VON ECKHARDT IMPLICATED
German Writer Intended Re
cipient of Notorious "Zim
Decoration is suggested
German Minister Asks Gov
ernment to Reward Faith-.-ful
Work of Cronholm,
r WASHINGTON, Sept. 13. Another
thapter to the story of German in
trigue in neutral countries and among
neutral diplomats was revealed to
night by Secretary Lansing in the
form of a letter to the Imperial Chan
cellor from the notorious Von Eck
hardt, the German Minister to Mexi
co City, to whom the intercepted Zim
nermann note was addressed.
It discloses that Folke Cronholm,
then Swedish Charge in Mexico, was
depended upon by the German diplo
mat to furnish information "from the
hostile camp," and to transmit com
munications to Berlin, and that Von
Eckhardt wanted him rewarded by a
secret award from the Kaiser of the
"Order of the Crown of the Second
Class." . .
, Letter Sheds New Light.
This . letter was written 'March 8,
1916, and apparently has been in the
possession of the American Govern
ment for a long time. It was made
public without comment, shedding
light upon the methods of another!
Swedish diplomatic representative in
thi3 hemisphere, at a time when the
United States and her allies are await
ing with interest Sweden's explanation
to Argentina of the conduct of her
Minister at Buenos Aires, who trans
mitted the German "sink without leav
ing a trace" dispatches. '
Baron Akerhielm, Swedish Charge
here, said tonight, in response to a
query, that Cronholm was dismissed
from the diplomatic service last Jan
uary. He would not discuss the cause,
but there was no intimation that it
was in any way connected with Cron
holm's relations with the Germans. .
Sweden Pleads Ignorance.
Baron Akerheilm called at the
State Department during the day to
inform Secretary Lansing that he had
received from his government the
statement already given to the public
at Stockholm, explaining that Sweden
had forwarded dispatches from the
German Minister at Buenos Aires to
Berlin in German code without know!
edge of their contents.
He did not leave a copy of the state
ment. It is assumed that the Stock
holm Foreign Office will not address
any communication to the American
.Government on the subject.
The Department's translation of the
Von Eckhardt letter follows:
"Imperial Legation, Mexico, to His
Excellency the Imperial Chancellor
. Only Chinese Order Held.
"Herr Folke Cronholm, the Swedish
Charge d'Affaires, since his arrival
here has not disguised his sympathy
for Germany and has entered into
close relations with this legation. He
is the only diplomat through whom
information from a hostile camp can
be obtained. Moreover, he acts as in
termediary for official diplomatic in-
tercourse between this legation and
your excellency. In the course of this
he is obliged to go personally each
time to the telegraph office, not sel
dom quite late at night, in order to
hand in the telegrams.
"Herr Cronholm formerly was at
Peking and Tokio and was responsible
for the preliminary arrangements
which had to be made for the repre
sentation of his country in each case.
Before he came out here he had been
in charge of the Consulate-General at
Hamburg. Herr Cronholm has not
got a Swedish, but only a Chinese or
der at present.
German Decoration Asked.
"I venture to submit to your excel
lency the advisability of laying before
his Majesty, the Emperor, the name
of Herr Cronholm, with a view to the
(Concluded on Fas . Column 8.)
Civil and Religious Instruction to Be
Under Direction of Norman F.
Coleman, of Reed College.
TACOMA, "Wash., Sept. 13. A univer
sity with more than 46,000 students is
the plan for educational work among:
the members of the National Army at
Camp Lewis, which will be conducted
by the war work council under the di
rection of Norman F. Coleman, profes
sor of Fnglish, Reed College. Portland.
Sir. Coleman also will have charge of
the religious work at the cantonment.
Regardless of the educational ad
vantages the men at Camp Lewis may
have had, they will be able to take ad
vanced instructions. The man who has
never gone farther .than grammar
school can take up high scltool subjects
and for the college and university
graduates advanced work will be of
fered through the extension depart
ment of higher Institutions of learning
in the Northwest;-
There-is a great demand for instruc
tion in French, at Camp Lewis, Mr. Cole
man said. '
42D DIVISION MOBILIZED
Oregon Hospital Corps . Part of
Force Soon to Go to France.
CAMP MILLS, Mineola, N. T., Sept. 13.
With the arrival here late today of
the first ambulance company from
Michigan, the 42d division is complete.
The division, made up of former Na
tional Guard units from 27 states, com
prises two infantry brigades, one artil
lery brigade, one engineer regiment,
one headquarters troop, a signal corps,
an ammunition train, a supply train,
four ambulance and four hospital units
and a machine . gun battalion.
The third filld hospital of the 117th
sanitary train, a part of the 4 2d divi
sion, is composed of Oregon men,
chiefly from LaGrande.
BEANS GOOD FOR ALIMONY
Clarke Man, In Fact, May Substitute
VANCOUVER, Wash., Sept. 13. (Spe
cial.) If August G. Pohl has not the
money, $12.50 month, he will be al
lowed to substitute, for it vegetables
and other farm produce In paying his
alimony to his wife, Emma Pohl, who
has just obtained a divorce from him.
Olga. a daughter, 12 years old, and a
son, Edward A. Pohl, 8 year old, are
given to the custody of the mother,
but the father has the right to visit
them on Saturdays and Sundays at his
former wife's home, and at other times
convenient when. school Is not in ses
The property rights were settled out
COURT RELEASES I. W. W.
Judge at Aberdeen Decides Against
State In Picketing Case.
ABERDEEN, Wash., Sept. 13. (Spe
cial.) Judge Ben Sheeks today decided
against the state In the cases of two
members of the I. W. W., which were
appealed from Justice Court, and or
dered their release from Jail.
The cases of the others, probably 30
in all. now serving sentences her-
are similar to those of the men re
leased. They were sentenced in Jus
tice Courts for. disregarding the order
of the District Court regarding picket
U. S. TO TAKE HOSPITALS
American Surgeons Will Relieve
English Civil Practitioners.
LONDON, Sept. 13. According to
the Manchester Guardian, Amjrican
medical officers will next week take
over charge of the military hospitals
at Manchester, Salford, Liverpool,
Leeds. Birmingham and Cardiff, and
the civil medical practitioners at pres
ent in charge of those hospitals will
be t-llowed to attend the needs of the
Eleven American medical officers
have been allotted to Manchester, it
MILITARY FUNERAL IS SET
Army to Pay Honor In Burial of
Late Sergeant Calif f.
OREGON CITY, Or., Sept. 13. (Spe
cial.) Word was received here today
from Adjutant-General White that the
body of Sergeant Carlton Calif f, of
Troop A, Oregon Cavalry, will be sent
to his home here for a military burial
tomorrow. The deceased soldier's par
ents are Mr. and Mrs. E. F. Califf, of
Sergeant Califf was killed Wednes
day at Redding, Cal., in a fall from the
MAYO GIFT IS RATIFIED
University of Minnesota Formally
Accepts Educational Donation.
MINNEAPOLIS, Sept. 13. The Board
of Regents of the University of Min
nesota today ratified by unanimous
vote the permanent agreement making
the Mayo Foundation at Rochester the
absolute property of the university, to
be used perpetually for higher medical
education, research and investigation.
Securities totaling $1,650,344.79, rep
resenting the fortunes of Drs. William
J. and Charles H. Mayo, were turned
over to the university.
Work in Box Factories
CONSERVATION MEETING HELD
Feeling Between Growers and
Millmen Is Apparent.
FEDERAL INQUIRY FAVORED
City and State Officials . Blamed
for Success of I. W. W. Agitators
In Keeping Those Willing to
Work From Holding Places.
FEATURES DEDUCED IN AP
PLE CONSERVATION 1
Women to work " In box fac-
tories to help save apple crop.
Fulfillment of contracts by
boxmakers demanded - by or
chardlsts. - . ...
Federal investigation of box
Prohibition declared factor in
making labor more particular
I. W. W. and weak officials
blamed for mills being kept Idle.
How to speed up the manufacture of
boxes to take care of the Northwest
apple crop was the subject that drew
to a conference yesterday representa
tive men in the various lines con
cerned from -Oregon. Washington and
Idaho. The meeting was held in the
Public Library and was presided over
by W. B. Ayer, representative in Ore
gon for Herbert C. Hoover, Federal
Upon a suggestion by. Mr. Ayer tele
graphed to Washington. Mr. Hoover
dispatched ah appointment by tele
graph that is calculated to answer. In
a large part, the question of roost
vital Import. . ' .
J. B. Knapr Chairman.
He named J. B.Knapp. of the Shev-lin-Hixson
Lumber Company, Bend,
Or, as chairman of a special commit
tee to mobilize the Northwest box out
put and. with the co-operation of mak
ers and growers, to get the required
number of boxes into short territory
from nearest manufacturing plants.
Mr. Knapp is empowered by Mr.
Hoover to appoint as many assistants
as necessary to handle the situation.
These are to serve without pay, as a
patriotic' voluntary proposition.
Plan Is Outlined.
Immediately upon receipt of the tele
graphic apointment, Mr. Knapp, who
was attending the conference, outlined
(Concluded on Pare 4, Column 1.)
DESIST W-Jop' f
Further Decline In Millers Product
Declared Necessary to Bring
Profits to Normal.
. Although flour and wheat have
dropped in price, the dimensions of the
loaf from the corner bakery will re
main unchanged for the present, and
the 10-cent size continues to be mourn
fully remindful of what a lone nickel
could purchase a few brief months ago.
Portland bakers say that the revision
in bread prices and weights was not
based upon the excessive price recently
attained by flour., when it sold for $13
a barrel, but upon a price in the neigh
borhood of $11. Hence, they maintain,
although flour has fallen, their profits
are yet below normal.
The 10-cent loaf now weighs between
IS and 17 ounces. Before therevlsion
the 6-cent loaf was almost as" large,
weighing -between - 14 and 15 ounces.
But flour-then sold, for $4.50 a barrel,
and its rapid wartime rise-made an al
teration, in weights imperative, say the
"Unless the food administration au
thorities develop some plan .whereby
our overhead expenses and cost of pro
duction may be materially lessened, the
size and price of the present loaf will
not be changed," declared a prominent
Portland baker yesterday.
Flour must descend below $11. and
attain a level somewhere near its for
mer price, the bakers add, before they
will be enabled to return to the stand
ard of other days.
LIEUT. WHIDDEN WOUNDED
Portland Officer Victim of German
Raid on Hospital.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. Sept. 13. Adjutant-General Mc
Cain today notified Senator Chamber
lain of, receipt by the War Depart
ment of a cablegram from General Per
shing announcing that Lieutenant Paul
Whidden, of Portland, was slightly
wounded in the course of the recent
German raid on base hospital No. 50.
No further details were contained in
. At the home of Lieutenant Whidden's
parents, Mr. and Mrs. W. M. Whidden.
171 King street, it was announced that
no details of the accident had been re
ceived. Mrs. Whidden said a meager
message had; announced his injury .as
slight. Lieutenant Whidden enlisted
with Base Hospital Unit No. 5 in New
Xork City. His father is a member of
the firm of Whidden & Lewis, archi
MONTH AT HOME, SENTENCE
Vancouver Man Also Must Abstain
and -Phone, to Judge Daily.
VANCOUVER, Wash., Sept. 13 (Spe
cial.) To stay at home for 30 days, re
port to Judge W. S. T. Derrby tele
phone every morning, and keep sober
withal, is the. sentence given James
Day, arrested several times recently
If Day is seen outside of his own
yard, or on the streets, drunk or sober,
he will have to go to Jail and serve out
a 10-day suspended sentence.
CAN'T QUIT THAT'S WHAT MAKES
Sailors Are Buffeted by
, Storms 40 Days.
KQTOHIRA'S CREW ALL SAFE
Terrible Hardships Braved by
Captain Shioga's Party.
FOOD AND WATER GIVE OUT
Objective) Point Nearly Reached
August 13, When Heavy Weather
Carries Craft Away and Ob
- serrations Can't Be Taken.
VANCOUVER. B. C, Sept. 13. After
a perilous voyage of 2000 miles in an
open lifeboat tossed about at the mercy
of wind and . sea. Captain Harahiko
Shioga. master of the Japanese steam
ship Kotohlra Maru, . lost July 27 on
a reef off Amchitka Island, of the
Western Aleutians, and 16 members of
his crew arrived in Ikeda Bay, Queen
Charlotte Islands, . British Columbia,
For 40 daya the men were In the
open, ocean sailing: and rowing east
ward and were in a terrible state when
they reached Ikeda Bay. They were
practically without food a week. No
word had been received from them
since they left' Amchitka Island and
it was believed that the little craft
in which they were rowing and sail
ing had been swallowed up by the sea.
Three Boats Pot Off.
After the Kotohlra crashed on the
rocks in a heavy fog July 27, the of
fleers and crew put off in three life
boats, well provisioned, and landed on
Amchitka Island. Two days were spent
dividing the stores and supplies saved
in the hasty flight from' the doomed
freighter, and the three little boats
set put on a' 600-mile voyage to L'D
Two of .the lifeboats were forced to
put back by a heavy storm which arose
shortly after they left the Island, but
Captain Shioga's . boat was unable to
return to shelter and was' last seen
battling with heavy seas.
The two other boats containing Chitff
Officer K. Matsudo and 31 survivors
started for Unalaska, and after 14 days'
rowing and sailing one of the boats in
which were Chief Officer Matsudo and
20 men reached its goal. The other
lifeboat was picked up five days later
by. the steamship Santa Ana a few
hours after she left Unalaska for
Seward with the first party of sur
Entire Crew Is Safe.
With the arrival of Captain Shioga
and the 16 survivors in Ikeda" Bay,
all of the officers and members of the
crew of the Kotohlra Maru have been
. Concluded on Pace 3. Column 3.)
HIM SO MAD.
Gaston de Leval Declares British
Nurse, Who Aided Soldiers,
Faced Volley Courageously.
NEW YORK, Sept 13. A tribute to
Edith Cava;!, "one of 'the most cour
ageous of women, who died like a hero
ine" when executed by German, army
authorities as a spy for aiding wound
ed soldiers, was paid here today by
Gaston de Leval, the Belgian lawyer
who defended her, at a luncheon by the
Rotary Club at which he was the guest
"Some of the reports of her execution
tated that she had fainted before the
firing of the fatal volley." said M. De
Leval, "but this was untrue. A few
minutes before leaving the death cell
she made a notation on her Bible that
she was to be executed at once. In ad
mitting that she had . assisted the
wounded British aoldlers to- defy the
German authorities she said she had
done what any other good woman
"The Future of Belgium" was the
subject of M. De Leval's address, and
he said the people of that ravaged
country are now looking forward hope
fully to "the end of the war next year
and the restoration of their nation."
T. R. TESTS NEW AIRPLANE
Colonel First Civilian to Fly In Craft
Using "Liberty Motor."
MINEOLA, N. Y Sept. 13. Colonel
Theodore Roosevelt gained today the
distinction of being the first civilian to
make a flight in an airplane propelled
by the new military motor invented for
use of the Government in the war.
The flight was made from the Hemp
stead aviation field, and for a half hour
the machine, piloted by H. J. Blakeley
an Army instructor, attained a speed
varying from 90 to 110 miles an hour.
reaching an altitude of 500O feet.
ALIEN MUST JOIN ARMY
Suit - Against Exemption Board in
New York Dismissed.
NEW YORK, Sept. 13. Suit brought
by an alien to enjoin members of a lo
cal exemption board from certifying
him for military service was dismissed
here today by Federal Judge Mayer on
the ground that a court has no juris
diction to review the decisions of draft
boards nor to restrain them from "do
ing what had already been done."
NAVY CLOSED TO RECRUITS
Secretary Daniels Says More Than
200,000 Are Enlisted.
WASHINGTON, Sept. 13. Except for
skilled mechanics no more recruits will
be accepted by the Navy for probably
Secretary. Daniels today eaid the
Navy's personnel now was well above
200,000, including reserves.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 70
degrees; minimum, 50 degrees.
TODAY'S Rain; gentle southerly winds.
Prisoners of war in Germany, at first Ill
treated, are cared for by Gerard. Page 2.
Efforts fall to confirm loss of Steamship
Minnehaha with oO of officers and crew.
That Edith Cavill died like true heroine Is
confirmed. Page 1.
Kornlloff beaten and ready to face tribunal.
Secretary Lansing uncovers German-Swedish
intrigue In Mexico. Pago 1.
American gunners take entire charge of
practice batteries In France. Pago 4.
German envoy to Argentina affects surprise
at aismissaj. rase -.
Conferees to begin consideration of war tax
bill. Page 3.
Japanese sailors reach land after 2000-mile
trip In lifeboat, page 1.
More than 200 deported Blsbee men leave
detention camp. Page 2.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 1,
I .os Angeles O; San Francisco 5. Oak
land 3; Salt Lake 5, Vernon 4. Page 14.
Russell Boy paces mils at Syracuse in 2:04.
Page 3 4.
Billy Sullivan. Detroit scout, thinks White
Sox will beat Giants in world series.
James M. Barnes, of Philadelphia, turns in
score of 6T in Chicago golf play. Page 14.
Soldiers at Camp Lewis practically at uni
versity. Page 1.
Commandant Markee. of Soldiers' Home, or
ders . Architect Thompson, of Portland,
from grounds. Page 5.
Dismissal of Allen H. Eaton demanded in
Lane County. Page 6.
Camp Lewis under censorship. Page 6.
- Commercial and Marine.
Port of Portland bonds of 150,000 offered for
sale. Page 16.
Pressure on stock market is relaxed. Page 19.
Work on grain elevator planned. Pag 18.
. Portland and Vicinity.
Women may help save apple crop by work
ins? in box factories. Page 1.
Governor Alexander says Idaho is again sane.
M. H. Kouser goes to Chicago grain con
ference. Page 12.
Victor J. McCone, In Jail at Lewlston, Quits
Socialist party. Pago 7.
Fish tale repeated by retailers and Ignored
by housewives. Page 9.
Price of bread is at same high mark, after
flour drops. Page 1.
Ten weeks' course In food conservation es
tablished In city schools. Page 12.
Convict captured at Milwaukie after hot
cbase through brush. Page 1.
Mayor puts plan for meeting wood shortage
up to Council. Page 8.
Coast shops are now building freight. cars
rapidly. Page 20.
Report of effort to defeat prohibition law
is heard. Page 11.
"So Long Letty." tuneful musical farce, de
lights Heillg audience. Page 8.
Appeals from district exemption boards use
less. Page 13.
Neighbors of Woodcraft adopt new insur
ance plan. Page 7.
400O shlpworkers In Portland district sched
uled to strike tomorrow. Page 4.
Weather report .data and forecast. Page 16.
Frank Miller Stirrer..
ders After Hot Chase.
WOMAN GIVES FIRST CLEW
Trail Leads Through Dense
Brush Near Milwaukie.
OFFICERS ARE THREATENED
Two Automobile Loads of Men Are
Sent From Headquarters When
Burglar Shows Fight and
Escapes Into Woods.
Frank Miller, aged .22, a paroled con
vict from the Oregon Penitentiary, was
captured near Milwaukie. on Johnson
Creek, yesterday following; one of the
most thrilling man-hunts stagedn the
vicinity of Portland in recent ' years.
Detectives fired more than a dozen
shots at the man before he finally was
captured in a thick clump of brush on
the creekbed. Miller was armed -with
two heavy-caliber revolvers..
Miller is wanted In Clackamas Coun
ty on the charge of burglary. It being
alleged that . he has robbed several
houses in and near Milwaukie. The
Portland city detectives were called on
the case several days ago, when it was
learned that he had also operated in
Womai Gives First Clew.,
Shortly before noon yesterday a
woman in Milwaukie telephoned the
Portland police that the man had been
seen in the vicinity. City Detectives
Hellyer and Tackaberry immediately
were sent to the scene, but upon their
arrival the man had disappeared. The
men took opposite directions and start
ed on the search through the brush near
A short time later they both saw him
at the same time and called to him to
halt. He started to run, and Hellyer
fired twice, Tackaberry firing three
The man got away and run Into tha
thick woods. Detective Tackaberry fol
lowed in after him, while Hellyer went
to Mr. Hendee's greenhouse.
Weapon Pointed at If leer.
It was while he was standing talking
to Mr. Hendee about the man that ha
noticed Miller again appear from the
woods. He walked around the house
and called to Miller: "Have you seen
a man around here?"
Miller had his revolver pointed at
Detective Hellyer and replied. "No."
"Wait a minute; I want to talk to
you," said the officer as he approached,
'5Tou don't want . to talk to me."
said Miller, starting to raise the
"Oh, well, if that is the way you
look at it, all right." laughed the de
tective. Hellyer turned and -walked back to
Mr. Hendee. and as soon as he was out
of sight, of Miller, told Mr. Hendee to.
telephone to ' police headquarters for
Reinforcements Sent Out.
City Detectives Leonard, Goltz, Ack
erman. Mallett. La Salle. Tichenor.
(Concluded on Page 2, Coiumn 4.)
SEND IN VOIR QUARTERS.
More quarters are needed for
The Oregonian's cigarette and
tobacco fund for American sol
diers in France.
Contributions of $51.25 yester
day brought the fund total to
$673.75. That will provide one
big packet of cigarettes and to
bacco each for 2695 American
soldiers at the front. But Amer-
lea shortly will have 500,000 -to
1,000,000 men on the battle front,
and nearly all of them will need
Tobacco is the soldier's one
comfort. If he can have a cigar
ette or a pipeful of good' tobacco
when trench life is at its gloom
iest, he can weather it and keep
up his spirits. But when there's
no tobacco to be had he begins to
feel the strain.
It takes so little to make a sol
dier comfortable that every pa
triot can help. One little quar
ter, sent to The Oregonian's fund,
will be the means of sending
cigarettes and tobacco that
would retail at 45 cents to some
soldier at the front.
Among the contributions yes
terday was a check for $15.25
forwarded by the Crane National
Bank, of Crane, Or., from 61 cltl-'
zens of Crane and vicinity, to
send cigarettes and tobacco to
Another . contribution of 75
cents, made by two small Port
land boys. Clayton and Phillip
Driscoll, aged 1 and 13 years,
of 542 East Forty-first street,
who gave their spending money
to the fund. Clayton gave 50
cents and Phillip 25 cents.
It's your turn now.' Who's
next-with a quarter?