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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. 1A II- NO. 17,671.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, . JUlT 12, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
RATIO IS FIXED FOR 1
GERMAN CROPS AS
HOT WINDS BURN
HALF OF WHEAT
ED GUARDS ARE
REV. ROBERT BOOTH
ROOMLET FOB MB.
FI1EGAN IS BEARD
GOOD AS IN 1915'
DIES AT AGE OF 96
ELUDED BY I. it W.
FOOD COXTKOLLEB REPORTS
LAST OF EARLY PIONEER MIN
RANKER DECLARES CROP NEAR
. SPOKANE WILL BE SHORT.
SITUATION TO REICHSTAG.
ISTERS OF OREGON' PASSES.
FOR M SERVICE
President Demands Un
selfishness of Trade.
UNDUE PROFIT INTOLERABLE
Sacrifice Is Expected Not
Alone From Men Who Of
fer Lives in Battle.
SHIP OWNERS ARE SCORED
Excessive Freight Rates Held
Most Effective Means to
Aid Kaiser's Army,
r WASHINGTON, July 11. Presi
ident Wilson appealed to the country's
business interests tonight to put
aside every selfish consideration and
to give their aid to the Nation as
freely as those who go out to offer
their lives on the battlefield.
- In a statement addressed to the coal
operators and manufacturers he gave
assurances that just prices will be
paid by the Government and the pub
lic during the war, but warned that
no attempt to extort unusual profits
will be tolerated.
Patriotism Must Be Self-Denying.
"Your patriotism," said the Presi
dent's appeal, "is of the same self
denying stuff as the patriotism of the
men dead and maimed on the fields
of France, or it is no patriotism at
all. Let us never speak, then, of
profits and patriotism in the same
"I shall expect every man who is
not a slacker to be at my side through
out this great enterprise. In it no
man can win honor who thinks of
High Ocean Freights Scored.
The President declared there must
be but one price for the Government
and for the public. He expressed con
fidence that business generally would
be found loyal to the last degree and
that the problem of war-time prices,
which, he declared, will "mean vic
tory or defeat," will be solved rightly
f through patriotic co-operation.
In unmeasured terms, however, Mr.
i. Wilson condemned the shipowners of
the country for maintaining a sched
ule of ocean freight rates which has
placed "almost insuperable obstacles
in the path of the Government.
War Prices Aid Enemy.
"The fact is," he asserted, "that
those who have fixed war freight
rates have taken the most effective
means in their power to defeat the
armies engaged against Germany."
Coal production and other indus
tries for whose products the Govern
ment has negotiated price agreements
are not taken up in detail by the Pres
ident, his appeal dealing only with
the general principles involved in the
determination of war prices. It fol
lows in full: I
Principles Are Outlined.
"My fellow countrymen: The Gov
ernment is about to attempt to de
termine the prices at which it will ask
you henceforth to furnish various sup
plies which are necessary for the
4 prosecution of the war, and various
f materials which will be needed in the
industries by which the war must be
sustained. We shall, of course, try
to determine them justly and to the
best advantage of the Nation as a
whole, but justice is easier to speak
of than to arrive at and there are
some considerations which I hope we
shall keep steadily in mind while this
particular problem of justice is being
"Therefore I take the liberty of stat
ins: very candidly my own view of the
situation and of the principles which
should guide both the Government and
the mine owners and manufacturers of
the country in this difficult matter.
Just Price Imperative.
"A just price must, of course, be
raid for everything the Government
buys. By a Just price. I mean a price
which will sustain the industries con
cerned in a hiph state of efficiency
provide a. living for those who con
duct them, enable them to pay good
wages, and make possible the expan
sion s( their enterprises, which will
from time to time become necessary
as the stupendous undertakings of this
great war develop. We could not wise
ly or reasonably do less than pay such
4 1 Ares. They are necessary for the
i,Tintenanee and development of in
dustry: and the maintenance and. de
iConeluUttti on raja 1. Column 2.)
Frnit and Vegetable Harvest Ad
mittedly Below Average and
Grain Outlook Poor.
COPENHAGEN. July 11. At the
Reichstag session yesterday, Herr von
Batockl. the. food controller, declared
that the fruit and. vegetable harvest
was far below the average, Berlin
The outlook for grain production was
characterized as being "as good as In
1915," which will be remembered as a
year of great drought and a miserable
grain harvest and potato crop. The
yield, the controller said', would be
"surely better than the serious crop
failure of 1916."
Gustav Hoch, Socialist member of
the Reichstag, spoke of disorders In
the Prussian town of Striegau, which
have not been mentioned previously.
T-T Raid thev tpta due tn thfs fact that
Striegau had been almost an entire
week without bread. Women who thus
had been driven" to desperation were
punished most severely, some of them I
being condemned. to serve many I
months In prison.
STRANGE DEVICE OFFERED
Mystery Surrounds Plan for Pro-1
pelllng Airplanes to Europe.
WASHINGTON, July 11. favorable
report on a resolution providing for
test of a mysterious little machine
which its inventor claims could propel
an aeroplane from Washington to Eu
ropean battlefields and back again
without carrying fuel, was voted today I
by the House patents committee.
T. K. Giragossian, the Inventor, says I
his discovery harnesses at trivial cost
an untapped ocean of power. The com
mittee's resolution would guarantee
Governmental protection in case he
demonstrates to five scientists the use
fulness of his machine.
MAYOR'S HANDS CALLOUSED
Receiving of Congratulations Like
Tnto Hard Work.
It may sound like a Joke to say that
a man's hand becomes calloused by
shaking hands, but in the case of
Mayor Baker it is an absolute fact. He
displayed callouses yesterday as a re
sult of having shaken hands so much
in the last two weeks since his elec
tion. The Mayor estimates that he has
shaken hands with 5000 persons in two
weeks. In addition he has talked on
one subject or another in his office
with approximately 1200 persona in the
last 11 days.
SEATTLE JITNEYS STOPPED
Temporary Injunction Granted by
United States District Judge.
SEATTLE, July 11. United States
District Judge Neterer today handed
down a temporary injunction restrain
ing drivers of 5-cent auto buses from
operating on the streets of Seattle un
til they comply with the bonding law
or until their case is heard in court
upon its merits.
The Injunction was issued on peti
tion of the Puget Sound Traction, Light
& Power Company, which has been en
gaged for a long time in a legal strug
gle with the automobile drivers.
COAL CARDS PUT IN USE
Berlin Limits Supply of Fuel for
COPENHAGEN, July 11. Coal cards
have been introduced in Berlin in or
der to regulate the Winter supply.
Apartments heated with stoves will be
limited to a quarter of a ton per room
and a maximum of a ton and a half
for more than five rooms.
Steam-heated houses will be limited
to half of last year's supply.
HARDEN MILITARY CLERK
Berlin Socialist Mobilized After Die
Zukunft Is Suppressed.
COPENHAGEN. July 11. Die Zu
kunft. Maximilian Harden's publication.
now has been suppressed for the re
mainder of the war, according to the
Herr Harden has been mobilized un
der the auxiliary civil service law, and
will be employed as a military clerk.
WHEAT YIELD RUNS HIGH
Kansas Farm Breaks State Record ,
With 50 Bushels to Acre.
VALLEY CENTER, Kan.. July 11.-
Two hundred acres of wheat in the
Oren Smith farm here, now being
threshed, are averaging 50 bushels of
high-grade wheat to the acre, farmers
say this is a Kansas record
Seven measured acres yielded 6S
bushels to the acre.
FREE LUNCH ABOLISHED
New York Saloons Cut
Glasses of Beer.
NEW YORK. July 11. Free lunch
and the large glass of beer have been
abolished in this city by the Retail
Liquor Dealers Association, it was an
nounced. Present hish prices were given as the
Agitators Deported by
KINGMAN IS BEING PATROLED
Workers Complain of Being
Forced on Picket Duty.
PEACE SEEMS FAR ' OFF
General Tie-TJp of Freight and of
Products of Farm Is Forecast
by Workers Unless Agree
ment Is Reached Soon.
DAY'S RESULTS OP I. W. W.
TBOIBLES OVER COUNTRY.
Kingman, Ariz. Twenty es
cape armed guards; town pa
trolled. Globe, Ariz. Tie-up of crops
threatened; mounted police or
ganized. Phoenix, Ariz. Sixty-one ar
rested by Sheriff.
Ellensburg, Wash. Troops ar
Spokane, Wash. Idaho Gov
ernor asks gag in Washington.
Seattle, Wash. Guards watch
Marshfleld, Or. Mr. Keames
North Yakima, Wash. Com
plaints drafted charging viola
tions of espionage act.
KINGMAN. Ariz., July 11. Twenty of
the 63 men deported from Jerome es
caped after they were unloaded here
by the combined armed guards from
Jerome, who had taken them to
Needles, and by the shotgun squad o
Needles' citizens that came to see th
men safely back Into Arizona. The re
mamder of the men were taken to
the courthouse, where they demanded
Immediately after the men detraine
local authorities and home guards be
gan rounding them up. The town I
being patroled by the home guards to
Armed Men Meet Train.
The 63 men were deported from Je
rome yesterday as industrial woraers
of the World, active there in the strike
repudiated t. mine, mill and smelte
workers. They arrived here today from
Needles, where armed citizens met the
car In whicn tney were neia prisoners
and caused its return to Arizona on th
next eastbound train a few hours late
The deported men left the train here.
Many of the Industrial Workers said
they had been victims of unfortunate
circumstances in the clash between
(Concluded on Page 4. Column 3.)
Children Survived by
'Or.. July 11. (Special.)
Booth, pioneer minister, last
of those cldsely identified with early
religious wf-rk in Oregon, died at the
home 'of Ills son, R. A. Booth, In
Eugene, tonight. He would have been
97 years of age August 4. He was
born in Lancashire, England, in 1820
and came with his parents to America
n 1830. when the family located in
Westchester County, New York.
Robert Booth was married In August,
S45, to Mary Minor, in Iowa. In 1850
he was attracted by the gold excite
ment'in California, but the following
year returned to the East by the way
of Central America. In 1852, with his
wife and four children, he crossed the
plains to Oregon. He became a min
ster jpf the gospel early in life and
joined the Oregon conference of the
Methodist Episcopal Church in 1855,
serving many charges in Eastern and
Southern Oregon, closing his active
ministry at Grants Pass in 1895.
Mr. Booth was the father of 12 chil
dren, nine of whom survive W. A.
Booth, of Alameda, Cal.-. Mrs. Sarah
Hackett, of Eugene; Mrs. Jane Mee,
of Ashland; R. A. Booth, of Eugene;
Mrs. Viola Keyes, of Fossil; Mrs. Ida
Belknap, of Monroe; Mrs. Cora Single
ton, of Roseburg; J. H. Booth, of Rose
burg, and Mrs. Bertha M. Peterson, of
Eugene. He is also survived by 33 i
grandchildren and 35 great-grandchil
Mrs. Booth died in 1900 and Mr.
Booth remarried in 1902 to Mrs. Mary
Bushong, widow of a Methodist min
ister in the Oregon conference. His
second wife died' in January, 1915.
Mr. Booth had been active for a man
of his extreme age. Last Friday he
walked with his great-grandson to a
photographer, where they had their
The body will be taken to Grants
Pass for burial.
FARMERS WIN VICTORY
Non-Partisan League Elects Car
toonist to Congress.
FARGO. N. D-, July 11. John M.
Baer, a Fargo cartoonist, was the vic
tor in yesterday's Congressional elec
tion by a plurality of 15U0, his oppo
nents conceded today.
Non-partisan Leaguers, most of them
farmers, rejoiced today at the result
of their first entry into National poll
tics. Baer Is barely over the required
age of 25, and is a nephew of the late
James Whitcomb Riley.
ELKS TO CARE FOR BOYS
Grand Lodge Authorizes Fund of
$1,000,000 for Relief Work.
BOSTON, July 11. A fund of 11,000.000
for war relief work was appropriated
by the Benevolent and Protective Order
of Elks late today.
The "big brother" movement, de
signed to look after "the boys of those
who will go to fight our battles in the
war," was indorsed by the grand lodge
of the Benevolent and Protective Order
of Elks today.
ather of 12
9, by 33
i mmwmmmi ess
One Will Be Taken for
Each 150 Population.
DUMMY ESTIMATES ARE MADE
Oregon's Paper Population Is
Put at 675,092. .
CALL DELAYED FOR WEEK
Failure of Many States to Complete
Organization of All Exemption
Boards Delays Plans of
WASHINGTON, July -'ll.-rFostpone-
ment until next week of the drawing
of numbers of men who will be called
for examination for the National Army
seemed probable today, when it became
evident that states are not completing
organization of their district exemption
j boards as rapidly as War Department
officials had hoped.
Only 21 states have reported their or
ganization complete, although In most
others only a few districts are missing.
The drawine will not be made until
the lists for the country are' complete.
Census Estimate Made.
A so-called revised census estimate
for the entire country, compiled on the
hasis of the draft registration, will be
used for determining apportionments.
Each city, county or state must fur
nish two-thirds of 1 per cent of its
paper population, according to the new
estimates, which were made for the
purpose of equalizing the draft rather
than to represent accurate population
Thus New Tork City, with an esti
mated population of 6,504.185, must give
43,382 of the 687,000 young men to be
called on the first draft. A city with
25,000 population would be required to
give 166 men. These apportionments
would be subject to slight allowances
for oien enemies, for men who have
volunteered and for other causes.
Munitions Town! Large.
The population . estimates, far from
attempting to show actual populations
simply are Improvised figures reached
by considering the number of regis
trants in each subdivision as 9.32 pe
cent of the population, since the total
number registered. 9,659,382, was 9.32
per cent of the total estimated popula
tion of 103,63a,300.
The process resulted in large dummy
nonulation showings for cities with
war Industries when there has been
recent Inflow of workmen without their
families. Since the figures are based on
the number of men available for mill
tary service, however, officials consider
the estimates fair as bases for appor
Pleas for exemption of any man need
not be made by him. but may be entered
by a wife, other dependent, employe
or any other third per ion, the Provost
(Concluded on Page 3, Column
Farmers Around Boise Commended
for Keeping Sheep Because of
Advance In Wool Price.
SPOKANE, Wash.. July 11. (Spe
cial.) Farmers throughout much of the
Spokane country will have to be con
tent with just about a half a normal
wheat crop this year, judging from
present prospects, according to William
Huntley, of the Exchange National
Bank, who returned today from a trip
into Southern Idaho. i
A similar prediction was made by J.
P. Person, of St. John, Wash., concern
ing his part of the country. Mr. Fer-r
son was here today to market a car
load of hogs.
Lack of moisture and presence of hot
wnds are inflicting great damage to
most of the wheat of the country I have
passed through," said Mr. Huntley. "It
is not burning very badly on the heavier
soil of the Palouse country, and It looks
particularly good around Farmingtori
nd adjacent towns, as well as up this
side of Pendleton, Or., but even in some
parts of the Walla Walla country the
grain is looking pale. I believe that
his hot weather without rain will mean
about a halt crop in much of the North
west. In the country around Boise I no
ticed that most of the farmers of irri
gated tracts have small bands of sheep
, plan which will be adopted by the
farmers of this Spokane country much
more generally the next few years.
"Wool is exceptionally high this year
and those farmers with the little bands
of sheep are going to enjoy a good
profit, although many of them are try
ing it out as an experiment."
EX-CZAR WOULD BUY BOND
Members of Romanoff Family De.
sire Stock in "Loan of Freedom."
PETROGRAD,. July 11. Ex-Emperor
Nicholas has appealed to the provis
ional government to allow him and the
members of his family to acquire stock
in the "Loan of Freedom."
The former Emperor announces that
the amount of their investment in the
loan depends upon whether the Rus
sian state intends to support his fam
ily. He adds that of his own property
he possesses now only 900,000 rubles,
his wife 1,000,000. his heir Alexis 1,500,
000, his daughter Olga 3.000,000 and Ms
other daughters between 1,000,000 and
Sweden Makes Formal Protest.
STOCKHOLM. July 11. The govern
ment has instructed the Swedish Min
ister at Berlin to protest against the
torpedoing of Swedisn fishing boats by
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TBSTERDATS Maximum temperature. So
degrees; minimum, 59 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair, continued warm; fresh
Steamer Kansan sunk by German submarine.
British pushed back 600 yards tn Belgium.
German food yields below normal. Reichstag
is told. Page 1.
New Russian drive on capital of Gallcia
wins old objective. Page 2.
Ratio is fixed for Army draft. Page 1.
German Ministers resign. Page 3.
Manchu king-maker surrounded In Imeprlal
city. Page 3.
President calls on business for unselfish serv
ice. Page 1.
Progress made In formulating food control
bill. Page S.
Butte miners vote on affiliating with Na
tional unions. Page 4.
I, w. W. elude armed citizens in Arizona-
Federal secret service officers acquire evl
dence against Hindus in California.
Alaska coal not to be available until 1918.
Leaders of Lutheran Church accused of
treason by Nebraska Council of Defense.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 2,
San Francisco 1 ; Oakland 6. ernon
Los Angeles 7, Salt Lake 1. Page 14.
Miss Mildred Wilson wins women's tennis
Ted Sawyer beats Robert Markwell In Mid
lothian play on 42d hole. rage 14.
Beals C. Wright, ex-tennis champion.
arrive tomorrow, rage i.
Banker declares that half of wheat near
Spokane is burned Dy not winas. rage l.
Rev. Robert Booth, one of earliest pioneer
ministers or Oregon, aies at Eugene.
Oregon pharmacists In session at Seaside.
Six buildings burned at Huntington. Page 15.
Chautauqua hears lecture in verse. Page 8.
Commercial and Marine.
Government estimate of Northwestern crops
may be revised, rage l'J.
Stocks higher on stronger technical po
sitlon of market. Page 19.
Shifting of shipyard proposed so another
may be enlarged. Page 15.
Portland and Vicinity.
Addison Bennett sees Roundup on Multno
mah Field.- Page 12.
Rich ore found on Antarctic expedition.
N. E. A. programme today calls for depart
mental meetings. Page 7.
N. E. A. delegates will witness naturalization
of class. Page 7.
Some women teachers want Government to
exempt men from military service.
Police arrest J. Marshall for forgery.
Eligibles warned to Ignore ' draft rumors.
Oregon-American Lumber Company takes
title to Xubois timber in Oregon.
Upton Sinclair's "Canning the Kaiser tried
by N. E. A. singers. Page 5.
Thomas E. Finnegan mentioned as candi-'
date for president of National Education
convention. Page 1.
Portland Field Hospital unit called to serv
ice. Page 16.
Teachers appeal for saving of children.
State societies hold big picnic for N. E. A.
Weather report, data and forecast. Fag 19.
New Yorker Groomed
for N. E. A. Head.
MEN ARE HIS SUPPORTERS
Masculine Delegates Said to
Favor One of Own Sex.
MRS. BRADFORD IN RACE
Denver Woman, Who Is Chief Con
tender, Declared to Have Main
Support of Teachers Mrs.
Preston Is Candidate.
some: of the high lights
in today's x. e. a. pro
GRAMME. 8 A. M. Breakfast by National
council of executive and admin
istrative women, Multnomah Ho
tel. 9 A. M. Committee on nomina
tions, tea garden, Multnomah Ho
tel. 9:30 A. M. National conference
for extension education, 315 Lin
10 A. M. Department meetings
as scheduled on page 7.
10 A. M. Citizenship meeting.
First Presbyterian Church.
10 A. M. National Federation
College Women, ballroom Multno
12 noon Luncheon, National
council primary education, crys
tal room, Benson.
12 noon School Garden Asso
ciation, at Fulton Park.
12 noon Luncheon, department
for wider use of schoolrooms,
12:30 P. M. Special education
teachers" luncheon, Benson Poly
technic. 1:30 P. M. National conference
for extension education, 315 Lin-
2 P. M. Department meetings t
as scheduled on page 7. X
4 P. M. Reception for Mrs.
Ella Flagg Young by Bishop W. J
T. Sumner, Blshopcroft, Portland t
Heights. ' t
4 P. M. Oriental tea, Portland j
6 P. M. National Federation
College Women, University Club.
7 P. M. General sessions, Au- t
A mild little boomlet for the elec
tion of Thomas E. Finnegan, of Al
bany, N. Y., to the presidency of the
N. E. A. was circulated through the
corridors of the Multnomah Hotel last
night and even penetrated the balls
and lobbies of the Auditorium, where
the Nation's biggest educators were
The boomlet served somewhat to
disconcert the forces of Mary
Bradford, of Denver, and Mrs. Jose
phine Corliss Preston, of Olympia.
Wash., who until that time had been
the leading candidates for the presi
dency. After giving the Finnegan boomlet
time to spend its force the Bradford
supporters and the Preston supporters
were undisturbed. Mrs. Bradford re
mains the leader in the race and un
less all present outward signs fail she
will be elected at the annual business
meeting of the association tomorrow
Mr. Finnegan Is Treasurer.
Mr. Finnegan is the present treas
urer of the association and also is
president of the superintendent's sec
tion, to which latter office he waa
elected at the midwinter meeting in
It is understood that Mr. Finnegan
is in no sense a candidate for the
place, but some of the male delegates
from the Eastern states where they
don't enjoy the sensation of universal
women's suffrage could not counte
nance the prospect of seeing another
woman elected to the presidency, so
trotted out the National treasurer as
the most formidable possibility among
the masculine forces.
However, the sense of the conven
tion seems to remain at this stage of
the proceedings the same as it was at
the beginning of the week to allow
the honor to fall to a woman, and to
a Western woman, preferably.
There is an unwritten rule in the
association that the president is not
to be elee'ed from the state in which
the convention is held, or else one of
a number of eligible Oregon women
might be in line for the honor.
Nominating Body to Meet.
The fact, however, that Mrs. Preston
comes from Washington the sister
of Oregon is regarded by the Brad
ford supporters as a point against her.
The real struggle over the presi
dency will precipitate itself upon the
nominating committee. which will
The nominating committee's recom
mendations are, as a rule, accepted by
the convention. Only in the case of
Ella Flagg Young's election five years
ago did the convention break the com-
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