Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, WEDNESDAY, JULY 11. 1017.
GOAL BARONS BOLD
IN FIXING PRICES
Producers Jell Senate Com
mittee They Are Out to Get
. "All Traffic Will Bear."
PUBLIC DEMANDS RELIEF
Trade Commission Favored by
President Is Distrusted In Con
gress as Developed In
Food Control Bill.
IOREGONTAN NEWS BUREAU, "Wash
ington. July 10. (Special.) In light of
evidence brought out by the Senate
committee on interstate commerce,
showing beyond question that the coal
barons have been "holding up" the
American public and extorting wholly
unjustifiable prices for coal, the Ad
ministration must force down the price
or admit its inability to cope with the
What instrumentality the Adminis
tration will use in attempting to fix a
reasonable price for coal will soon be
determined, but it will not be the Fed
eral Trade Commission, if Congress is
asked to name the regulating body.
When the cry went forth that a fuel
famine was in prospect, and that the
American people might endure great
hardships next Winter, and while the
Council of National Defense was mak
ing investigations the Senate commit
tee decided to conduct its own probe,
and it has uncovered soma startling
facts. The most damaging evidence
against the coal barons was given by
the coal producers themselves, or by
Coat of Production Given.
Tn 1916 the cost of producing bitumi
nous coal in the Eastern fields was
Jl.50 per ton at the mouth of the mine.
This coal in June was selling at $5.50
and $6 per ton. The cost of production
advanced during the past year 25 to 50
cents a ton. Yet the coal barons have
been charging $3.50 and $4 a ton for
their product, at the mine, above what
they admit to be the cost.
From the same coal producers' came
the frank admission that they had put
up the price because they had deter
mined to get "all the traffic would
bear." and had determined also to make
up during the war for "lean years"
during the past decade.
One of the largest coal producers in
the United States, when asked what
profit the mine owner should reason
ably ask during the war. replied, 50
cents a ton on coal sold to the public
and to the industries, and ?1 a ton on
coal sold to the railroads, this discrimi
nation being because the railroads have
been, buying their coal practically at
cost, and sometimes at less than cost.
With this evidence, and with the
juiblic everywhere clamoring for a re
duction in the price of coal to a rea
sonable figure, and with Congress con
ferring on the President the power to
regulate coal prices, the Administra
tion must act. Failure to relieve the
public from further oppression at the
hands of the coal trust would be a con
fession that the Administration is un
able, in time of war. to protect the pub
lic against bold monopoly.
Congress Opposes Commission. -
The President, loft to his own dis
cretion, likely will pick the Trade Com
mission to determine a fair and rea
sonable price for coal. This commis
sion already has gone on record as fa
voring Government purchase of all
coal at the mine, the Government to
ect as selling agent and director, so as
to guard the public against extortion.
While the President has confidence in
the Federal Trade Commission. Con
gress regards it in a different light.
Tnis developed during consideration
of the food control bill, when various
Senators proposed amendments author
izing the Trade Commission to fix
prices of various commodities. Leading
Democratic Senators on the finance
committee said privately the amend
ments would be accepted If the Trade
Commission was stricken out, and most
of the amendments were so modified.
Senator Simmons, chairman of the
finance committee, was one- of the
Henators who objected to the Trade
At the White House the Trade Com
mission Is in better standing than at
the Capitol, and the President, under
blanket authority, can ask the Trade
Commission to make investigations
nd determine reasonable prices of any
or all the commodities which Congress
Intends shall be regulated. And it is
altogether probable, after the bill be
comes a law. that it will be the Federal
Trade Commission which will say how
jnuch the public and the Government
shall pay for coal during the continu
ance of the war.
deputy marshals led by James B. Holo
han. United States Marshal. Four of
the men were among those named in
more than 100 indictments returned
last week against San Francisco busi
ness and shipping men. German con
sular agents and Hindus, charging
world-wide conspiracy to foment in
America an uprising against British
rule in India. The other two have not
The officers searched the $10,000 res
idence of Ram Chandra, editor of the
Gadar. who is under indictment as one
of the ringleaders of the alleged con
spiracy and now at liberty on bail,
without discovering new evidence, ac
cording to their report to Marshal
United States District Attorney John
W. Preston, who presented the evidence
to the Federal grand Jury after months
of investigation, expected that many of
those indicted would voluntarily sur
render today and secure release on
heavy bail, which, it is believed, will
be $10,000 in each case.
Salon Leonhauser, an aged Buddhist
priest, and his wife. Marie, 70. were
arrested late today as accomplices in
the alleged conspiracy. Another Hindu
Louis T. Hengstler. attorney for he
former German Consulate in San Fran
cisco, surrendered to the United States
Marshal and was liberated on $10,000
STOKES LEAVE PARTY
LEADERS OF SOCIALISTS LOSE
FAITH IX ORGAXIZATIOST.
Resignation Recites That International
Peace Cannot Prevail Willie "Atta
la" Ravage Europe.
XEW YORK, July 10. J. G. Phelps
Stokea and his wife. Rose Pastor
Stokes, yesterday announced their res
ignations from the Socialist party In a
statement which said they had "lost
faith in the party as an effective in
strument for advancing the Socialist
cause." Approval in a referendum con
ducted by the Socialist party of a re
port disapproving the action of the
United States in entering the war was
given as the cause of the resignations.
Mr. and Mrs. Stokes criticised the
action of the party in expelling Charles
Edward Russell and In naming Morris
Hillquit and Victor L. Berger delegates
to the Stockholm conference. They de
clare themselves as sincere advocates
of a just and lasting peace, but realize
that "international peace and good will
cannot prevail while the sword of a
modern Attilla continues to ravage
Europe and to threaten all mankind."
The statement urged that opponents
of militarism should press every nerve
to overcome the Prussian war machine
which supports autocracy and reaction
everywhere and devastates, insofar as
it Is able, all that it cannot control."
HOLLAND IS ANXIOUS
STEAMSHIP OFFICIALS SAY PEOPLE
STARVE FOR GRAIN.
HINDUS ARE ARRESTED
OFFICERS SEARCH RESIDENCE FOR
EVIDENCE OF PLOT.
Attorney for Former German Consulate
In San Francisco la Under
) Rail of 910,000.
PAX FRANCISCO, July 10. Six Hin
dus were arrested in a raid on the of
fices of the Hindustan Gadar, a vernac
vlnr newsrirer. todav by a posse of
This Is a time when our people need
to be strong of muscle and steady of
Hysterical people are of no use In
war time. When they try to help they
Preparedness should start with the
Individual. f you are run-down and
jieivous. pale and lacking in strength
to do your part, you need more blood
If your hand, your thumb or foot
trembles when you try to hold it still.
if the lines are shaky when you write,
If you have tremors or your lips or
ehin. your nerves need strengthening.
Proper food and a good tonic will
keep most people in good health. Dr.
Williams- Pink Pills for Pale People
are the most popular tonic medicine
in the world, harmless, non-alcoholic
and certain in their action, which is
to build up the blood and to restore
vitality to the run-down system. For
those who are failing in strength Dr.
Williams" Pink Pills are an ideal tonic.
"Building Up the Blood" Is a book
let, full of useful information. So Is
,the pamphlet on "The Home Treat
jpient of Nervous Disorders." They are
Bent free on request by the Dr. "Will
lams' Medicine Co , Schenectady, N. T.
Tour own druggist sella Dr. Williams'
rink. Pills Adv.
English Diplomat Insists Dutch Are Not
Starving, and Merchants Smug
gle Goods to Germany.
NEW YORK. July 10. Officials of
the Holland steamship firms which
have 16 vessels loaded with grain and
foodstuffs waiting in this port to sail
for Europe, declared today that some
of the consignees in Holland had been
forced into bankruptcy and many peo
ple were starving while waiting assur
ances from the British government that
the ships would be given safe conduct.
It was estimated that between iO and
40 Dutch ships from 1000 to 12,500 tons
were tied up in Atlantic ports.
An English diplomat said that, ac
cording to the most reliable informa
tion, the Dutch people are not In dan
ger of starving. He also said the ques
tion of permitting foodstuffs and grain
to be sent to Holland was most seri
ous, considering the reports that some
merchants of that country were smug
gling all available supplies into Ger
many to profit by the high prices.
The shippers were said to be particu
larly anxious for their consignments to
eave American ports before July la.
when America's embargo on foodstuffs
goes into effect.
POOR MAN LOSES CLAIM
Homestead of Dell V. Kast Forfeited
After $1400 Is Expended.
ROSEBURG. Or.. July 10. (Special.)
Although he had lived on the tract
for more than two years, had spent
more than $1400 in making improve
ments and had otherwise complied with
the law, Dell V. Rast, of Roseburg, to
day lost a valuable 160-acre home
stead, located near Cottage Grove, to
the California & Oregon Land Company.
The General Land Office held that
the applications of Mr. Rast and the
California & Oregon Land Company
were filed simultaneously and ordered
that a drawing be made. The corpo
ration won. Mr. Rast is a poor man
and went on the homestead with a view
of making it his home.
KRUPP . PLANT HIT HARD
Amsterdam Reports Damage of
Millions of Francs by Air Raid
AMSTERDAM, July 10. Xres Kou
velles of Maastricht, reports that Dutch
workmen who were laid off at the
Krupp "Works on account of the de
struct ion of buildinps in the recent
French air raid, assert that a. quarter
of the Essen plant was destroyed.
The material damape is placed at
millions of francs and It is said that
100 employes were killed and hundreds
of others. Including: 4 1 rench pris
One, and possibly two. French air
planes dropped bombs on Essen last
Friday. The official German report of
the raid said only two bomb holes were
BAR SILVER AT HIGH POINT
Demand for Vse in Foreign Coin
Forces Up Price.
NEW YORK. July 10. Bar silver was
quoted at 79 an ounce in the local
market today, the highest price since
the beginning of the war.
The advance was almost wholly at
tributed to the increased foreign de
mand for the metal, silver having been
substituted for gold coin by most of the
Santa Fe Buys 130 Locomotives.
TOPEKA, Kan.. July 10. To deal
with the car shortage problem, the
Santa Fe Railroad has purchased 3800
new freight cars at a cost of $8,910,000,
it was announced at the general offices
today. The company also has purchased
130 new locomotives, at a cost of
Oregon souvenir spoons '
Many things you've seen in and about our Rose
City have been reproduced In spoons for you and
we're making a special showing of them for this
N. E. A. convention week!
Main floor Lipman, W olfe 6r Co.
Comparative prices are misleading and often untrue Note that we do not use them I,
Our optical department
will fit you with shell eye glasses the most
comfortable kind at very reasonable cost. Ko
extra charge for eye examination by Dr. Dallas.
Second floor Lipman. Wolfe 6r Co.
of this store's conveniences and plan to
friends at Lipman -Wolf e's
A gay breeze from New York brings us
Like these to sell for
Such colors as Stockholm blue, navy blue, rose, apple, green, tan. black, and stripes and checks, too. in such
materials as serge, gabardine and poplin. There's a full silk lining in every jacket; some plain and some fancy
s'lk. And as to styles, they range from the plainest of mannish-
looking suits to suits with big collars, over-collars, fancy belts and
novelty buttons. There are so many of them that you can scarcely
help finding the right suit, in the right color, for you.
Visiting teachers will enjoy a trip through our Picture
Galleries on the sixth floor! A special display of highway
views and pictures suitable for school rooms has been arranged
for this week!
Particular attention is called to the working exhibits of
Oregon manufacturers and to the displays of home products
in our windows and throughout the store!
We will count it a pleasure to do what we can to make
you like Portland!
ArVomen who follow the
trend of style will
be delighted with this
Whenever you see fashionable
women congregate this Summer you
will see CAPES just such capes
as these of navy blue serge, made
long and full.
And these are very specially priced
Third floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
Hundreds of embroidered
They're .hand embroidered, lace trimmed; some frilled and some
with sailor collars. All are specially priced at $1.50. They're
white, maize, peach and flesh color. All of them so pretty that
you'll want more than one!
Third floor Lipman. Wolfe & Co.
Clearance of SHOES
Today we are going to devote our energies to disposing
of all lines of
"Women's evening slippers
Prices have been clipped so low that many women yill
buy two and three pairs !
Come, see the footwear included in this sale. We
won'f need to tell you what reductions have been taken.
Included in today's sale will be:
Beaded white satin operas .... $4.80
White beaded slippers at $2.90
Cloth of gold slippers at $6.80
Cloth of gold slippers at $5.80
Cloth of silver slippers at $7.80
Cloth of silver slippers at $5.80
Beaded patent slippers at $4.80
. Plain satin operas. .$3.30, $4.90, $6.80
See the window display!
Sale, second floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
They'll cause a stir!
White Milan Hats
Yes, it's really true today
we're going to sell genuine
Milans, with double or cushion
brims, natural color,, finished
with smart tailored effect of
white grosgrain ribbon !
3d floor Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
Women's Pullman PAJAMAS
One and two-piece styles!
These vert? clever nightie things Tvill go out in
a hig hurry at these very low prices.
At $1.59 A one-piece model, along the very popular
Billie Burke lines, of fine nainsook, with round, lace
insertioned neck and empire. It's made with elastic
at neck and ankle.
At $2.50 are several two-piece models of nainsook
weaves, in lavenders, pinks, blues and maize; made
with V or round necks, finished with lace edgings,
French knots, hemstitchings or shirrings.
Fourth floor Lipman. Wolfe & Co.
The Basement comes forward today with
Sample Coats, Suits, Dresses $9.95
that will cause no end of a stir! The fact that they're samples tells you vol
umes about the styles and the way that every garment is made! The fact
that we bought them as samples tells you that their prices are very much less
than their duplicates sold for.
Many attractive models of all the season's favored fabrics and colors in
coats, in suits and in silk dresses.
Economy Basement Lipman, Wolfe & Co.
Officers in Camp to Duplicate
WARFARE IS PRACTICED
Students Will I4ve In lints Diig
Into Hillsides or Presidio.
Chiefs Do Xot Predict
Time for Kndlng Task.
SAN FRANCISCO. July 10. After hav
ing done considerable tactical fight
ing on' its feet and Its stomach, the
small army of prospective leaders at
the reserve officers' training camp here
is now preparing to fight underground.
In fact, the only sort of fighting that
will be eliminated in this camp is the
strife in the air. Rookies who think
they are better qualified to do battle in
the ether are being turned over to the
Trench tiers, somewhat like those on
the hills of the Marae, will be dupli
cated on the Presidio slopes. The trench
lines are drawn on the "war" map, and
the rookies, under the direction of
Major Pillsbury and others are already
at work on the big ditches. The men
are to go through every phase of trench
warfare with the single exception of
contracting "trench feet." This mal
ady is caused by the standing water in
the trench getting under the skin of the
foot. It incapacitates a man for march
ing and every other element of warfare.
The trenches at the reserve officers'
training camp are to be made as dry as
the proverbial chip. The customary
drains will be built, however, in order
that the duplication of those Marne
ditches will be complete. When the
trenches are completed the' men will
move into them and the real battle of
the mimic war will begin.
The rookies are awaiting the order
to "go over the top" as eagerly as any
British or French trooper awaited it.
They will have their chance In a few
days, when the spades have been put
aside and all of the trench reinforce
ments have been placed. There will be
tactical combats for a long strip of "no
man's land." which will include flank
ing movements and "drives." There
will be hand grenade throwing and
bombing. When the rookies get through
the strip of land between the opposing
trenches will be theoretically packed
with bomb holes and other marks of
This trench warfare will be a course
In life saving, the men in the Kast
cantonment have been told by their
officers. The rookies are made to
understand that a trench is primarily a
safeguard and should not be evacuated
for a charge until the artillery has
cleared the way and the chances for the
success of such a maneuver have
reached their climax. They are told
that a trench Is meant for the conser
vation of man power, and that the side
which wins is the side which has the
preponderance of human energy.
There will be a good many minor
casualties before the trenches are com
pleted, but the camp is well prepared.
Blistered hands, lame backs and chafed
feet are bound to be the leading camp
ailments while the rookies are using
the pick and the shovel, but the men
are told that this hardening process
makes the soldier a better and more
The trench-making period will mark
the period of hardest work at the camp,
and it has always been a hard-working
organization. If the elements are pro
pitious, however, the men will be
helned a lot. Working in one of the
cool fogs that develop in San Francisco
is not nearly as hard as working witn
a blazing sun overhead. Again, the
strong, cool winds that blow off the
Pacific, to which the camp is fully ex
posed, will help to keep off the sun
burn. The officers In charge are venturing
no guess as to when this trench work
will be completed, but the preliminary
work is already done. There are at
present many good-looking ditches on
the camp reservation, and these will be
made deeper and more added, .,
Jjr 100 lV
ryf Modern Offices
1.1 I in new huildin? of IhH
I S H
E l f -I tsJL
Northwest Corner of Sixth and Stark Streets
fv See WAKEFIELD FRIES & CO. yr
j 85 Fourth Street y
S! isOTmraiL "