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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
viii.. i.vil- NO. 17,669.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, JULY 10, 1917.
PRICE FIVE- CENTS.
JAMES W. GERARD
NATIONAL GUARD TQ
BE DRAFTED AUG. 5
FLIERS TO LEARN
IN THIRTY HOURS
GERMANY ON BRINK
OF GREAT UPHEAVAL
N. E. A. VISITOR, 102,
SEES U.S. IN 5 WARS
IS CAPTURED HERE
EX-AMBASSADOR TO BEKLDf
FIRST STUDENTS. TO REACH
NORTH ISLAND MONDAY.
HENRY HILL WATSON TRAVELS
RETURNS TO PRIVATE LIFE.
FR03I OSWEGO, NEW YORK,
Delegates Welcomed to
HIGH OFFICIALS ARE PRESENT
Noble Ideals for Teachers Are
Kept Ever in Foreground.
PRESIDENT ALEY IS HEARD
Important Part Instructors Play by
Inculcating Patriotism and loy
alty Into Hearts .of Tonng
HIGH LIGHTS IN N. 7E. A. C05
VENTIOS PROGRAMME . '
9 A. M. Committee on resolu
tions, general headquarters,
9:30 A. M. National confer
ence extension education, room
31S. Lincoln High.
10 A. M. National conference
state educational associations,
10 A. M. Department meetings
as scheduled on page 6.
12 noon College and univer
sity presidents" luncheon, with
President Foster, of Reed Col
lege. 2 P. M. General session at Au
ditorium. 4 P. M. Romance language
teachers, room T31 Multnomah
6 P. M. ReceptldTi National
executive committee and admin
istrative women. Multnomah Ho
tel. 7:80 P. M. The "Pied Piper"
and band concert. Peninsula
Park. ', ,
Resignation Handed State Depart
ment Some Time Ago, After Dif
ficult Season In Germany.
"WASHINGTON, July 9. James W.
Gerard, former Ambassador to Ger
many, has resigned from the diplomatic
service and returned to private life.
His resignation was accepted some
time ago,- although the fact was not
allowed to become known until today.
The resignation terminates an , am
bassadorial career regarded by the
State Department as one of the most
Important In American diplomatic his
tory. Assuming the post at Berlin but
a year before the outbreak of the world
it, Mr. Gerard was called upon al
most from the first to air his abilities
to maintain friendly relations between
his government and Germany, at the
same time that he was caring for the
vast diplomatic Interests there of the
Mr. Gerard and his staff returned to
the United States March 12. He has
not intimated to officials here his plans
for the future.
A peculiar situation exists es a re
sult of Mr. Gerard's resignation, with
officials in doubt as to whether It
leaves & vacancy In the diplomatic
service. The general opinion seems to
be that termination of diplomatic rela
tions with Germany automatically ter
minates the existence of the American
Embassy at Berlin and with it the need
of an Ambassador.
to Be Unquestionable.
MILITIA DISCHARGE ORDERED
Mobilization Still to Be Made
in Two Increments.
OREGON CAMP AT PALO ALTO
Calls Will Be Made on July 15 and
5, Men and Officers to Hold
Similar Rank in Regular
Army, Says Proclamation.
BONE-DRY LAW IN DANGER
Additional Names for Washington
' Referendum to Be Counted.
OLYMPIA. Wash.. July 9. (Special)
Washington's bone-dry law Is prob
ably held up by referendum as the re
sult of a Superior Court ruling today
that 390 signatures not Included in the
petitions first filed must be counted.
They were brought to the Secretary of
State after the assembled petitions had
been accepted, but still within - the 90'
It is admitted that the original bone.
dry petitions lacked only about 100 of
legal sufficiency to Invoke a referen
dura and the 390 additional names are
regarded as a safe margin.
NAVY TAKES SITE FOR BASE
School opened In Portland yesterday
for the National Education Associa
tion, when the first meeting of the
general sessions of the 55th annual con
vention assembled in the Public Audi
torium. The instructors were all educators
of prominence. Their great, com
posite class was some thousands of
men and women from all parts of
America, whose duty is the exacting
task of turning out a superior product
the young citizen. And the lesson,
broadly speaking, was that of loyalty
The duties of the new patriotism.
the Inculcation of higher Ideals and the
conservation of resources, with respect
to the school systems of America and
the opportunity thereby . afforded to
further those principles, were eloquent
ly arrayed by each speaker.
Ideals Are Expressed.
It was Dr. 'William T. Foster, presl
dent of Reed College, who voiced the
sentiment that prevails In the mind
and hearts of the N. EX A. delegates
and which Is to be found in a hundred
topics of their programme.
"It Is the function of the school, as
the conservator of Ideals, and It must
therefore be the controlling purpose of
this convention, to keep the vision of
these, our noble National aspirations,
unblurred; for where there is no such
vision, the people perish!" declared Dr.
The opening number, which was en
cored beyond refusal, was by the Trlole
Singers, of the Portland Grade Teach
ers" Association, who sang "The Beau
tiful Willamette" to harp accompani
ment. Sam L. Simpson's revery to the
mighty river is printed in the official
programme, and had been selected for
preservation by many of the visiting
teachers, even before the Trlole Sing
rs charmed them with Its musical set
Psalm Stills Audience.
The Innate poetry and philosophical
beauty of the 100th Psalm, as read by
Minnie Richards Blance. of the College
of Speech Arts. Denver, Colo., quelled
the stirrings in the big auditorium to
the silence of prayer. With the song
and the Psalm the general sessions of
the N. E. A. opened.
They cheered the introduction of
Mayor George L. Baker as he stood
before those many guests of the city,
and they laughed at his sallies, the
spice of that very cordial welcome he
gave them. His had been the scan
tiest of educations, said Mayor Baker,
as he was compelled at the age of 9
to leave school and take up the busi
ness of livelihood.
"A man with $13 worth of education
speaking to the educators of the United
Ftates has a pretty big crust." the
Mayor admitted, to an accompaniment
Mayor Pralaesi Oregnsu
Tet he spoke on and, while denying
that it was his Intent to dwell upon
the manifold beauties of Portland and
Oregon, slighted none of them, and
flourished statistics to prove that the
city and state are without peers.
L. R, Alderman. Superintendent of
Public Instruction, of Portland, in his
j welcoming address, talked briefly of
4 the '.local school system and directed
attention to the value placed by it upon
the personality of the teacher, which is
Action on Submarine Station
Mouth of Columbia Delayed.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington. July 9. The Navy Department
today announced that the Ediz Hook
submarine bas"e site near Port Angeles
has been transferred by Presidential
proclamation to the Navy Department.
This was one of the submarine bases
recommended by the Helm Board.
There has been no action yet on the
Columbia River site.
BLOW MAY PROVE FATAL
R. H. Mason Injured While Fixing
Pump at "Wood burn Home.
WOODBURN. Or., July 9. (Special.
R. H. Mason, former resident of Port
land, yesterday was injured probably
fatally, while helping fix a pump at
his home near Woodburn-
A large piece of iron fell from above.
striking his head. Hopes are held fo
his recovery, although he is in a semi.
FIELDS GET FARM LOAN
First Federal Funds for Agriculture
Placed in Lane County.
EUGENE, Or July 9. (Special.)
The first Federal farm loan in Lane
County was completed today, when Jo.
seph E. Field and Kate Vanduyn Field,
of Coburg, received money from the
It Is expected other Lane County
loans will be completed in the near
WASHINGTON, July 9. The last
step necessary to make the entire Na
tlonal Guard available for duty In
France was taken by President Wilson
today with the issue of a proclamation
drafting the state troops into the Army
of the. United States on Aurust 6.
To make certain that the purpose
of the National defense act is carried
out, the proclamation also specifically
declares the men drafted to be dis-
harged from the old militia status on
In that way the constitutional re
stralnt upon use of militia outside the
country is avoided and the way paved
for sending the regiments to the Eu
Many Already Federalized.
Prior to the application of the draft,
regiments in the Northern and Eastern
section of the country are called Into
the Federal service as National Guards
men in two Increments to be mobilized
on July 15 and 25.
Many units already are Federalized
and presumably they will be mobilized
with the other troops from their states.
The guard from the other states will
be mobilized on the day of the draft.
The arrangement was necessary to
provide for movement of the regiments
to their concentration camps without
The operation of the draft law was
delayed until August 5 so that all regi
ments can be taken into the Army sim
ultaneously. Fourteen camp sites for
the 18 tactical divisions into which
the guard will be organized -have' been
selected already and the militia bureau
is preparing the railway routing of
the troops to the camps.
Oregon Guard Goea to Palo Alto.
Seven of the sites selected are In
the Southeastern department, five In
the Southern and two In the Western.
The two others will be in the South
eastern department and until they are
approved assignments of regiments to
camps and divisions cannot be fully
worked out. The only two divisions
positively assigned are the Nineteenth,
including the California guard, which
will go to Linda Vista, Cal.. and th
Cadets Will Be Sent to Moblllza
tion Camp at San Antonio After
.They Have Proved Ability.
SAN DIEGO, July 9. Additional plans
for the training at North Island of
aviation students from the University
of California were announced today. ..
The first squadron of 25 cadets Is
expected to report to Colonel Alexan
der Dade at . the aeronautical academy
next Monday. Each- "ground school
student will receive 30 hours flying In
struction under the supervision of Cap
tain H, J. Damm. chief . flying In
Every cadet Is expected to fly suc
cessfully for his license as reserve
military aviator within two months
after he reaches Ndrth ' Island. The
cadets, as they are licensed, will be
sent to the ' aeronautical .mobilization
base at San Antonio, Tex., for assign
ment to squadrons. What, happens to
them after that will not be divulged
except in the publication of Army or
Officers at the North Island camp
said today that" by the end of July
the total enrollment at all Government
and civilian schools of aviation would
reach approximately 2000. On July 8,
it was announced, there were 1004 ca
dets . under aeronautical Instruction In
..neiuded on Page 3, Column 1.)
Clerical Party Swings
KAISER GALLS IN NEUTRALS
CHAMBERLAIN NOT ASKED
Postmaster Myers Was Reappointed
Without Consulting Senator.
OREGON! AN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
lngton, July 9. Senator Chamberlain
said today that he bad not recommend
ed the . reappointment of Frank S.
Myers as postmaster at Portland; in
fact, he has not been asked to make
It is his understanding that Mr.
Myers Is to be reappointed solely on
recommendation of the Postmaster-
General, this being In conformity with
department policy of retaining Presi
dential postmasters whose records are
CROPS IN NEED OF RAIN
Central Oregon Thermometers
Above Ninety Degrees.
BEND, Or, July1 . (Special.) The
highest point reached this season by
the mercury at the local weather sta
tlon was recorded on Sunday, when the
thermomter registered 94. Today's max
lmum Is 90 degrees. As It has not
rained here for nearly two months,
crops are badly In need of moisture and
are suffering from the heat.
GERMANY HAS FOOD STRIKE
Demonstration in Largo Cologn
Factories. Is Reported.
COPENHAGEN, July 9. Food trou
bles gave rise to a demonstrative strik
In large factories at Cologne on Satur
day. Both Socialist and Catholic
unions took part in the movement.
An official report says the unions
decided to resume work the following
hreat of Reprisals if Food Is
Cut Off Is Suspected.
HOLLWEG SEES EMPEROR
Chancellor and Others Again Are Be
fore Committee Investigating Po
litical Affairs Austrian Cab
inet Sends Resignation.
COPENHAGEN. July 9. A Berlin
dispatch to the Fremdenblatt, of Ham
burg, says the entire Clerical party in
the Reichstag, with the exception of
three members, voted Saturday night
to support the stand taken by Mathias
Erzberger, who made a sensational
speech in the secret session of the
main committee, attacking the Ad
miralty and Pan-Germans as the great
obstacles to peace and advocating
peace without annexations or Indemni
ties and the introduction of a Parlia
mentary form of government.
Hollweg Expected to Quit.
This action was taken, the dispatch
says, under - the presumption that
Chancellor von Bethmann-Hollweg
The Clerical party is the largest In
the Reichstag. Hitherto it has worked
with the Conservatives in giving the
government a majority. . Any such
move as is Indicated by the foregoing
dispatch would amount to a political
overturn of the first magnitude. This
dispatch bears out advices cabled from
Berlin on Saturday that unless all in
dications failed, a momentous up
heaval was at hand.'
LQNDON, July 9. According to re
ports reaching Rotterdam from Berlin
and forwarded by -the -Exchange Tele
graph, Emperor, William .Invited the
neutral Ambassadors and Ministers to
a conference on Saturday.
WASHINGTON. July 9. Conjecture
here as to the purpose of the confer
ence between Emperor William and the
neutral Ambassadors and Ministers
ranged all the way from new peace
proposals to threats of drastic action
against the North European neutrals
in the event that they should yield to
the United States and refuse to con
tinue to supply Germany with food and
Threat Made to Neutrals.
The general belief is that the Em
peror is making It plain to the Scan
dinavians that if they allow their terri
torial waters to be patroled or mined
by the entente "allies or refuse to con
tinue to exchange goods with Germany
he will regard the action as a breach
Centenarian Expects to Live at Least
Part Way Through Euro
'I lived through four of the wars of
the United States and I didn't expect
to see another, but it looks as If I
were going to live, at least part way,
through a fifth." said Henry Hill Wat-
son, of Oswego, N. T., 102 years old.
who arrived In Portland last night,
comparatively little fatigued by his
journey across the continent.
Mr. Watson la on his way to Astoria,
where he Is to make his home with his
son-in-law and daughter. Dr. and Mrs.
F. C Johnson. They "were at the Byron
Hotel last night and will leave by boat
for Astoria today.
Mrs. Johnson accompanied her father
on his Journey from Oswegor N. Y., to
Portland, and they were Joined at Spo
kane by Mr. Johnson.
Although physically feeble, Mr. Wat
son is of keenly active mind and it
was while discussing the present war
on the train yesterday that he made
the remark about the number of wars
through which he has lived. The
Seminole War, Mexican War, Civil War
and Spanish-American War are all
within his memory which is remark
ably keen, not only upon events that
happened in his youth, but upon things
right up to modern dates, a rather un
usual quality of memory In an aged
He is the head of five generations
now living, and his son, at Watertown.
N. Y., is 76 years old.
Rufus Coates Walks
Into Police Net.
ALSO IS TAKEN
Youth of 18 Confesses to Kill
ing of Swetheart.
OREGON TROOPS ARREST 30
I. W. W. at North Yakima
Seized by Gnardsmen.
NORTH YAKIMA. Wash., July 9.
Oregon troops, who arrived here today
to assist In dealing with the Industrial
Workers of the World situation, to
night took charge of the Industrial
Workers of the World hall and ar
rested 30 members of the organization.
Including several leaders of the aglta
tion that has been carried on here. The
men were placed temporarily In the
City Jail. Some of them, it was stated,
will be released, but Federal charges
are to be placed against the others.
who will be arraigned before the
United States Commissioner here.
The arrests were made so quietly that
comparatively few people knew of It.
Allies to Confer Over Balkans.
LONDON. July 9. The Entente Allies
have decided to hold a conference in
Paris for the consideration of ques
tlons of military and political interests
in connection with the Balkans.
(Concluded on Page 2, Column 8.)
BELGIUM NOW. KAISER. TAKE SOME ONE YOUR SIZE!
FOREST FIRE CONTROLLED
Blaze Near Bend Destroys 40 Acres
BEND, Or.. July 9. (Special.) One
of the worst forest fires to occur in
this section this year was put under
control yesterday by a crew of men
working under John Ryan, of the Tules.
Before the work was done about 40
acres of timber was destroyed.
(Concluded oa Pace. Column a.)
CHAPLIN COSTS $1,075,000
Film Comedian Signed for Eight
Pictures by Exhibitors.
NEW YORK, July 9. Charlie Chap
lin, moving picture comedian, has been
signed by the First National Exhibi
tors' Circuit for a series of eight pic
tures, for which he will receive II.
075,000, according to an "official an
nouncement" given out here last night.
BROTHER AND SISTER MEET
New Yorker Greeted in Eugene
After 48 Years' Separation.
EUGENE. Or, July 9. (Special.)
C. H. Pinkham. of New York City, and
Mrs. James Fullerton, of Eugene,
brother and sister, met here today for
the first time in 48 years.
Mr. Pinkham and his wife are mak
ing a tour of the Pacific Coast.
CRIME IS MOST SHOCKING
NDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 74
decrees; minimum. 05 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair; moderate westerly winds.
Russians take several towns and chase re
treating enemy. Page 8.
Major-General Scott sees battle and says
Russian army mar be counted on to con
tinue fighting. Page 2.
Germany on brinlcf great upheaval. Page 1.
Lloyd George answers attacks on efficiency
of force guarding London, page 5.
Manchu commander Quits and republicans
are again In control. Page 3.
Food crops will make new records. Page 4.
Ex-Ambassador Gerard leaves dlplomatlo
service lor private life. Pago 1
Limitation of debate on food bill asked in
Senate. Page 4.
Guardsmen to become Federal soldiers Au
gust 0. Page 1.
German plot suspected in explosion that kills
six at Mare Island Navy-yard. Page 5.
Students to learn to fly In SO hours In air,
Rocks hurled at I. W. W. in Arizona mining
camps. Pago 2.
Emma Goldman and A. Berk-man convicted,
sentenced and are on way for two-year
terms in prison, page 4.
Sons of famous men attend Plattsburg train.
Ing camp, page a.
Seals plug along without Wolverton. Page 9.
Roy Lincoln visits Portland with George
Walsh. Page 8.
Women's handicap tournament on Multno
mah Club courts is under way. Page 8.
Directors of Northwestern League vote to
suspend next Sunday. Page 8.
Chautauqua opens at Gladstone Park today.
Lumbermen to oppose demand for shorter
working day. Page 14.
Commercial and Marine.
Oregon crop report indicates more barley
but less wheat and oats than last year.
Three billion bushel corn crop is estimated
by Government. Pago 17.
All grain prices weaker at Chicago. Page 17,
Oregon shipbuilders Interested in talk of
building ocean barges. Page 14.
Hogs are higher and cattle lower at local
yards. Page 17.
Portland and Vicinity,
rnblio naturalization hearing to be conven
tion feature. Page 18.
Belgian mission due this mornlnr. Page 3.
Third Oregon, owing to exemptions, needs
60 good men to make full war strength.
Women to have Inning today In N. E. A.
Delegation from Clarke County coming to
Insist upon two-fltths division of profits.
Charles R. Van Hlse blames huge profit for
high food cost. Page 12.
Mrs. Mary C. Bradford mentioned for presi
dency of N. E. A. Pago 6.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 17.
Celebrities attend K. . A. convention.
Opening session of N EL A. convention held.
Rufus Coates. Texas murderer, and com
panlon arrested In Portland- Page L
N. E. A visitor, 102, sees United States In
five wars. Page 1.
Thomas N. Strong and C. L. Mead receive
bulk of Mrs. Xarifa J. Paling's estate.
Programme outlined for convention of col
lege women. Page 2.
Great N. E. A. audience moved by patriotle
address. Pago 6.
Society enjoys educational firms at Bslltg
and fond tor euxxrags
creases. Page 14.
ellfaac Is la-
Ylctim's Head Is Crushed With
Club and Throat Is Slashed.
Prisoner Tells Police He
Was Insanely Jealous.
As they strolled coolly down Morri
son street yesterday afternoon, little
suspecting that City Detectives Hellyer
and Tackaberry, Hyde and Abbott were
waiting, one on each corner, at the In
tersection of Third street, Rufus Coates.
of Fort Worth. Tex., self-confessed
murderer and perpetrator of one of the
coldest-blooded murders recorded in
the crime annals of the United States,
and Clyde Tucker, said to be an ac
complice to the crime, walked into the
police net and before they were aware
of their1 danger they were surrounded
and placed under arrest.
Coates, who is only a boy of 18. mur
dered his 18-year-old sweetheart, Zella
Faulk, at Fort Worth, while in a rage
of Jealousy. He called her from her
home and asked her to walk with
him into the woods near her home.
Without a word of warning, he picked
up a club from the ground and struck
her on the head.
Complete Confession Made.
Leaving her dying on the ground
he went to the home of his friend.
Clyde Tucker, aged 22, and, unperturbed,
told Tucker. "'I have done It-" Taking
his friend with him he led the way to
the scene of the murder- and pointed
out his sweetheart lying on the
ground, breathing her last. They
bathed her head and when they were
unable to revive her Tucker is said to
have told Coates to "finish" the Job.
and left the scene. Taking a knife
from his pocket be cut the girl's
throat, completely severing her neck.
Coates made a complete confession
of the crime yesterday afternoon. His
own story in his own way follows:
"On the night of June 2. 1917, I was
drinking with several fellows at Fort
Worth. Later, I was passing the house
of the girl's aunt and heard Zella cry
ing. Knowing that a man by the name
of Levy Hudo was with her, I thought
maybe he was doing her harm.
Drink Aids) Jealousy.
I went to my home and obtained
an ax. Intending to cut Hudo up. When
I got back to where they were I found
that Hudo had not harmed her, and I
went away without hurting him and .
without saying anything to them.
T had another drink and went to
the house of the girl again. I called
her from the house and asked bar to go
for a walk with me In the woods. We
did not quarrel, but I was mad; crazy
from Jealousy. The man with whom
she had been before was a married
man, and It kept making me madder
"We walked for some distance Into
the woods, and without saying 'any
thing I stooped down and picked a club
up from the "ground and hit her In the
head with it
Body Shown to Clyde Tucker.
"She fell and I stood and looked at
her for a minute. I then went to the
house of Clyde Tucker, and when I
found him I told him: 'Well, I have
done It." He asked me: "You've done
what?" and I said: 'Killed Zella." He
wanted to see her, so I took him to
the woods where I had left her lying
on the ground. She was barely breath
ing when we got there. We both
bathed her head with water, and after
we saw there was no chance of saving
her. Tucker looked at me and said:
"Why don't you finish the Job?" He
then turned and walked away. I knew
she would die, and thought I might as
well finish her then. I took hold of
her hair and with the knife which
Tucker had given me a couple of days
before when I lost mine. I cut her
throat across the front.
"I then left her lying there and went ,
to find Tucker. When I found him I
told blm to take the knife and I would
meet him In Oklahoma City the next
day. I didn't try to sleep any that
night, and left at once for Oklahoma
City, 200 miles away.
Xhtvo for Girl Declared.
"I met Tucker In Oklahoma City the
next night and we started straight for
this part of the country. We arrived
In Portland last Saturday night. Now
1 have "come clean' and all the way
across, you have the truth.
"Did you love the girl?" Coates was
"Yes, sir, I did, and Intended to marry
her as soon as I got money enough.
But I was very Jealous of her and got
awfully mad that night."
Coates Is nothing more than a mere
boy, but the manner in which he re
cited the Incidents of the night of June
2 was as If be were telling a story of '
some minor adventure which he had
Working on a tip from Fort Worth
that the murderer might be headed
(Ooaeludod. m Page 4, Column a.