Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LVII NO. 17,660.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAI, JUNE 29, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
FOOD BILL DEBATE
CENTERS DH LIQUOR
Whisky Believed Elim
inated as Issue.
BEER AND WINE ARE FACTORS
Prohibition Feature Attacked
LONG FIGHT IN PROSPECT
Senator Johnson Admits Bill Gives
Most Autocratic Powers in Na
v tion's History, but Declares
Sacrifices Are Necessary.
WASHINGTON, June 25. The light
Jn Congress over Government control of
food and other necessities today vir
tually narrowed to the question of pro
hibition. The House control bill as amended
fcy the Senate agriculture committee
was substituted in the Senate for its
original draft and debate proceeded.
Senator Lodge opening the prohibition
contest with a speech in favor of con
tinuing manufacture of beer and wine.
The bill as it now stands would pro
hibit the manufacture of all intoxicat
ing beverages but empower the Presi
dent to exempt wines.
Constitutionality la Questioned.
Senators Johnson of California and
Kellogg of Minnesota spoke on the
general features of the bill, promising
it their support as a war measure. .
Lapse of several days in general dis
cussion before the prohibition fight de
velops in earnest is in prospect.
There is pending a motion by Sena
tor Hardwtck to send the bill back to
the committee on the ground that pro
hibition and other .'.nportant sections
Fight Centers on Beer and Wine.
Senate sentiment is said generally to
favor stopping manufacture of distilled
spirits, so the debate will center upon
beer and wines
Senator Chamberla.n, in charge of the
bill, said tonight he hoped general
speech making would end tomorrow
and that the Senate by Saturday would
begin considering committee amend
ments, expected to take several days.
The prohibition sections under such
procedure would be reached last.
Senator Johnson, opening the debate
on the substitute bill, declared its en
actment necessary to win the war.
Sacrifice Declared Necessary.
"America must make tl e sacrifice in
dollars and creature comforts within
the next year, or she must make there
after the sacrifice in Men and then, ulti
mately, the sacrifice in material things
as well," he said.
"The short-cut to victory is organiza
tion, and this organization can come
only with concentration of authority.
It is, therefore, with an absolute con
fidence that I give my vote to a bill
according the most extraordinary and
autocratic powers ever before con
ferred in our Nation."
Excess Profits ' Scored.
There must be sacrifice cf profits
Just as there is sacrifice of blood, the
Senator said, and he added:
"While, of course, legitimate enter
prise during the conflict should be nur
tured and encouraged, it must be
understood from the very beginning
that no profitable patriotism win be
tolerated. If a concreto illustration
were required to demonstrate the ne
cessity for some sort of legislation in
relation to prices, it is found in the
recent discussion concerning the Steel
Corporation. We find befoie the war
this corporation selling its product from
J21 to J25 a ton. At the beginning of
1D1S its contracts for the delivery of
steel plates to commercial shipbuilding
concerns was $42.56 per tor. and very
recently It asked from the Unfed States
Government $95 per ton.
Hoover Is Praised.
"When an ordinary man sees his
loved boy snatched from his home to be
shot to pieces upon u. foreign soil and
, reads of profits asked by a corporation
treated by his Government of $600,000,
000 per year during the war, he cannot
be blamed for the demand In which our
people unite and in which the Congress
unites by the passage of just such bills
Senator Johnson praised Herbert C.
Hoover and said he is particularly fitted
for the task of food administration.
Senator Lodge, saying he would vote
for the bill after it had been carefully
considered, opposed some of its pro
visions as amr.zing and said public "ex
citement" for food control -egislatlon is,
pressing upon Congress with little pub
lic conception of the powers the bill
proposes to confer.
"The people only know of its pro
visions in a general way," he said.
"Congress also must consider the peo
ple who are seeking more huge power.
More than one of the Caesars went mad
by raero possession of unrestrained
power. We have pressure constantly
to give more power."
Farmer Exemption Protested.
The Massachusetts Senator opposed
particularly the proposal that the
American industries shall sell to for
eign nation? as well as the American
Government at low prices. He said
the minimum price fixing provision
holds "over the heads of all business
and industry a deadly blow" and pro
tested against the exemption of farm
ers from the hoarding section.
Opposing the dry legislation as an
(Concluded on Fas 2. Column 1.)
TWO LEAVE PLANE
20,000 FEET IN AIR
GERMANS DEFEATED IX HIGH
EST DtEIi OX RECORD.
Canadian Chases Enemy Aeroplane
Into Sky Occupants Leap or
Fall Out When Attacked.
CANADIAN ARMY HEADQUARTERS
IN FRANCE, June 28. In an air duel
fought at probably the highest altitude
at which aviators have met in combat
nearly four miles a Canadian tri
plane today pursued and defeated a
German two-seated Aviatik.
The German machine had sought
safety by climbing upward and the
triplane pursued. At a height of 20,000
feet the pilot of the German craft
either fell or jumped from it and dis
appeared at the moment of the first
burst of fire from the gun on the
The German observer was then seen
to climb out upon the tail of his ma
chine where he lost his hold and
plunged headlong. The aviatik turned
its nose, down and fell.
CHICAGO MAYOR CENSURED
Council Committee Drops Plan Call
ing for Resignation.
CHICAGO, June 28. The judiciary
committee of the City Council this
afternoon decided by a vote of 13 to 3
to censure Mayor William H. Thomp
son for his action in refusing a roll
call at a stormy session of the City
Council several days ago. The motion
to censure the Mayor was adopted
In place of a resolution calling on the
executive head of the city to resign.
The conflict between the Mayor and
Council members centered on School
Board appointments made by the
DUNKIRK PORT BOMBARDED
Allies Retaliate by Making Attack
BERLIN, via London, June 28. (Brit
ish Admiralty per Wireless Press.)
German heavy long-range batteries
yesterday bombarded the Anglo-French
fortified port of Dunkirk with visible
effect, says the official statement is
sued today by the German War De
partment. In retaliation, entente artillery bom
barded the German occupied town of
Ostend, In Belgium, but, the state
ment adds, the shells did no military
LABOR DISCREDITS SESSION
Call of Stockholm Conference Re
garded as Premature.
WASHINGTON, June 28. The Ameri
can Federation of Labor has declined
to participate in the international con
ference of trades unions called by the
recent Stockholm conference to meet
September 17 in Switzerland.
President Gompers has telegraphed
to President Lindquist, of the Stock
holm conference, that the American
Federation "regards all such confer
ences as premature and untimely and
can lead to no good purpose."
GERMAN SPIES ARE ACTIVE
More Careful Surveillance In Swit
zerland Is Demanded.
WASHINGTON. June 28. Dispatches
from Rome say the Grimm-Hoffman
affair in Switzerland has aroused a
widesnread demand in Italy for all
allied diplomatic representatives to
secure a more careful surveillance of
spies in Switzerland.
Many important diplomatic papers
nasslnir throueh the intermediary re
public are known to have fallen into
the hands of the German secret serv
ice. "PIGS IS PIGS" JUST NOW
rricc of Porker in Dollar Bills Is
Larger Than Its Hide.
VANCOUVER, Wash., June 28. (Spe
cial.) Young pork now commands such
a high price that it requires dollar bills
to cover its hide to buy It. Bert Eaton,
of Homan. Clarke County, took a small
pig to Portland stockyards yesterday
and obtained $57 for it and converted
the money into $1 bills.
Fifty-seven of these bills would make
a covering, or blanket, 28 by 48 inches
in size, which would be large enough to
wrap up the porker comfortably.
STATE PLEDGES LOYALTY
Wisconsin Assembly Offers to Xation
Best Citizens Have.
MADISON, Wis., June 28. Resolu
tions pledging the loyalty of Wiscon
sin to the Nation were adopted by the
One resolution 'declares that this
state pledges every measure of support
in the war against the imperial gov
ernment of Germany. and that "we
stand ready to give the best that is in
us our best thought, oar last dollar,
and our life's blood, if need be."
EWE LAMBS TO BE SPARED
Packers Promise to Let Farmers
Have Breeding Stock.
CHICAGO. June 28. The leading
packers of Chicago, it was announced
today, have agreed to turn over to
farmers for breeding purposes all ewe
lambs sent to them for slaughter.
0. S. IS WARNED OF
Lord Ncittfe Cites
FALSE SECURITY IDEA DEADLY
America Must Realize Every
Effort Needed, Says Envoy.
WAR BELIEVED JUST BEGUN
Industries Now Remote. Will Be
Called Into Service Before End
of Hostilities, High Commis
sioner Tells Writers.
TCEW YORK, June 28. Lord North
cliffe. British, high commissioner to
the United States, in an address to
magazine editors and writers at a
luncheon today, expressed the hope
that the United States would not mud
dle the censorship as England did the
first three years of the war.
"America can and will do a tremen
dous part in this war, first, because
she is fresh, and, second, because she
undoubtedly will profit by the mis
takes of nations who have been fight
ing since August, 1914," said Lord
"What the war needs more than
anything else is brains and speed.
Incompetency Long Hidden.
"I trust that the United States will
not make the censorship blunder that
England made, and which Is just be
coming an evil of the past. England
was kept In the dark for nearly three
years. The pebple were blinded by
the fatuous optimism of soldiers and
politicians, who, while efficient in
peace, were incompetent in war. The
people were not permitted to know
the truth and when the truth finally
emerged out of costly blunders and.
sacrifices they were loath to accept It.
"I hope that America may permit
her newspaper and magazine writers
to be absolutely frank about what is
going on. It is as important for the
nation to know the worst as it is for
the nation to know the best.
Truth I'll oo urn Km Army.
"For one thing, and we have found it
out from actual experience, it is a great
stimulus for the men fighting in the
field to know they are being written
about at home and that the country
they are fighting for knows precisely
what they are doing.
"Every man with a pen in hand and
a printing press near by can do a
patriotic service to his country by
awakening his people to the fact that
this war is just beginning, and that
every ounce of energy, every revolution
of America's vast Industrial machine
will be needed to bring the war to
a successful end.
"It is only by an absolute mobiliza
tion of man power and machine power
(Concluded on Page 6, Column 4.)
OUR BIGGEST BATTLE, OF
SIX SHIPS AWARDED
TO COOS BAY YARDS
KECSE & BANKS ' WILL BUILD
All Vessels Are of Hough Type, 281
Feet in Length, 46-Foot Beam
and 26-Foot Hold.
NORTH BEND, Or, June 28. (Spe
cial.) Robert Banks, of the - firm of
Kruse & Banks, shipbuilders, an
nounces the firm has been awarded six
vessels today by the Government Ship
ping Board. The ships are to be of
the Hough type, 281 feet in length. 46
foot beam and 26-foot depth of hold.
These vessels are the first awarded to
Coos Bay, but others are expected to
be constructed here.
The Kruse & Banks Company has
three vessels under way at present,
but two will be completed within a
short time, and four ways, two new
ones and two old ones, will be ready
for laying the keels. Work can be
started at once on two of the vessels.
The Kruse & Banks yard has been
busy since 1914, and have turned out
several vessels in the past two years.
The Virginia Olson will be launched in
BILLY SUNDAY IN OREGON
Evangelist Appears Worn ly Hard
Campaign In New 'X.ork.
LA GRANDE, Or.. June 28. (Special.)
Billy Sunday and wife, better known
as "Ma" Sunday, passed through La
Grande this morning en route to Hood
River, where they will live through the
Summer and then go to Los Angeles.
By chance, they met Rev. J. Whit
combe Brougher, former Portlander.
but now at Los Angeles, where Mr.
Sunday conducts his next revival. Mr.
Brougher was doing Chautauqua here
Mr. Sunday appears much worn out
and haggard from his strenuous cam
paign in .New York.
LUMBER MEN VISIT BEND
Federal Lumber Commission In
spects Central Oregon Plants.
BEND, Or., June 28. (Special.) The
Federal Lumber Trade Commission,
consisting of John R. Walker, Nelson
C. Brown, A. A. Oxholm and R. E. Sim
mons, accompanied by George M. Corn
wall, of Portland, and A. W. Cooper,
secretary of the Western Pine Manu
facturers Association, of Spokane,
spent the day Inspecting local lumber
The members of the Commission were
entertained at dinner tonight by the
Bend Commercial Club, after which
they left to return to Portland.
GIRL'S MURDER MYSTERY
Visitor at Sioux City Is Killed While
on Way to Friend's Home.
SIOUX CITT. Ia., June 28. The mur
der of Miss Thecla Gerken, 22 years
old, of Woonsocket, S. D., who was shot
late last night by an unknown person
while on her way to the home of a
friend whom she was visiting, re
mained a mystery today.
One theory advanced is that the girl
was shot by a man who was de
ranged. Miss Gerken had only a few
friends here and is not known to have
had any enemies here.
THIS WAR, WILL BE FOUGHT OUT
PRETTY GIRL TURNS
OH BURGLAR PALS
Gifts of Jewels and
Gowns Follow Raids.
STORY BRINGS CONFESSIONS
Dazzling Finery of Pair Wins
Deserted Bride of 18.
MEETING IS BY CHANCE
Detectives Are Told That One of
Men Carried Her Marriage Li
cense and That She Asked"
Xo Questions About Loot.
A pretty 18-year-oia girl has proved
the undoing of two of the cleverest
burglars with whom the city detective
department has had to do in years.
Her story yesterday to Detectives
Goltz and Howell, of how she tripped
along the crimson path and into the
very lair of John Stolzenberg and Ben
Willlsford, and was initiated into the
mysteries of "aristocratic burglary,"
armed the detectives with evidence
which brought a confession from the
men, who used the U. S. Mint to get
rid of their plunder. Stolzenberg has
several aliases, among them John Lutti.
and Willlsford is known as Ben Ford.
The latter, after examination, was
bound over to the grand Jury and
Stolzenberg waived examination.
The girl, whose name is being with
held, pending other investigations,
told of how she was married in April
this year only to find herself unhappy
and alone in a few weeks.
Chance Meeting Leads to "MsrrlHae."
She had taken an. apartment at 491
Everett street and there met Stolzen
berg in, the hallway one day in as
dramatic a way as ever characterized
a motion picture plot. She was lit
erally dazzled by his winning ways and
fine apparel. A greeting, a witty re
mark and a catch question led them
Into companionship. Later they took a
suite in the Larrabee- apartments on
the East Side.
The marriage license issued to her
husband was taken by Stolzenberg and
carried in his pocket. They were com
fortable in their apartment and occa
sionally Ford dropped in in the evening,
after which he and Stolzenberg de
parted, not to return until the small
hours. They came with packages, and
she admitted she had noticed they al
ways carried a satchel with them when
they left the house. The satchel con
tained burglar tools, acids for testing
gold and silver and chloroform for
subduing recalcitrant victims of their
No Questions Are Asked.
"Under the circumstances," she told
the detectives, "it was not my place to
ask why or what they were doing."
Only this she learned, each morning
(Concluded on Puge 2. Column 3.)
OX THE KITCHEN STEPS.
B?'L "'Df ?.
JUIM Ml I II ALLIUVJ
DECREE OF NEUTRALITY IS
Xo Announcement Made as to
Whether South American Repub
lic Will Enter Into Hostilities.
RIO JANEIRO, June 28. Brazil has
revoked her decree of neutrality in the
war between the entente allies and
The German empire has another ene
my arrayed against it.
Having previously revoked its policy
of aloofness.- so far as it affected the
hostilities between the United States
and Germany. Brazil now has come
definitely into the open and announced
that It can no longer be considered
Although no announcement has been
made as to whether the South Ameri
can republic will actually enter into
hostilities, by its revocation of neu
trality it definitely aligns itself mor
ally on the sde of the United States
and the entente.
POLICE SERGEANT DROPPED
Seattle Mayor Acts in Case of Man
Who Set Trap for Superior.
SEATTLE, Wash., June 28. Police
Sergeant George Putnam, head of the
Seattle police "dry squad," was or
dered discharged today by Mayor
Hiram C. Gill. The Mayor, in a letter
to Charles Beckingham. Chief of Po
lice, declared that Putnam had ex
ceeded his powers in attempting to set
a trap for his superior officer, Michael
Powers, a police Inspector.
Powers was acquitted last night,
after a trial on charges of having ac
cepted a bribe. During the trial Put
nam admitted that he had been a party
to an attempt to test Powers' suscept
ibility to a bribe.
BREAD WILL BE WEIGHED
State Sealer Asks Official Data
SALEM, Or., June 28. (Special.)
Spence Wortman, Deputy Sealer of
Weights and Measures, today Instructed
all his sealers to weigh at least 10
loaves of bread taken promiscuously
in their respective districts, and to fur
nish the office with a record of the
average weight of such bread.
The data thus obtained will be avail
able for municipalities desiring to
regulate weight of loaves. There is
no state law on this subject.
MAN OF NATURE ENLISTS
Hermit of Santa Cruz Island Offers
Services to Government.
SAX FRANCISCO, June 28. (Spe
cial.) Christian J. Bayer, native of
Denmark, aged 39, who has been living
for 10 years on Santa Cruz Island, off
the Santa Barbara coast, on mussels,
abalone and wild game he killed with
stones, applied for enlistment today.
Bayer was in fine physical condition
and was sent to Fort McDowell.
Monday Bayer donned his first suit
of clothes since going to the island to
recover lost health.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TEPTERDATS Maximum temperature, 68
degrees; minimum, 53 degrees. .
TODAY'S Fair, with rising temperature;
Canadian troops storm and capture front
Una before Lens. Face 4.
Brazil ends neutrality. Page 1.
German airmen leave machine at height of
20,000 feet. Page 1.
Food bill debate- centers on prohibition.
American unity In war praised by Secretary
Daniels. Page 3.
Coal price reduced SI to 5 per ton. Page 5.
Railroad efficiency campaign result Is equirl
to addition of .15.000 miles of track and
JG.OOO cars. Page 6.
Husband's love on higher plane Is shifty,
says Mrs. Mat lack. Page 6.
Strike situation more hopeful at Butte.
Epidemic of Summer complaint takes many
in Missouri. Page 4.
Lord Northcliffe tella America not to make
censorship mistakes that England did.
Anarch tuts on trial not permitted to discuss
revolution with prospective jurors. Page &
All speculation In wheat will cease under
absolute Federal con trot. Page 3.
Pacific Coast league results: Portlsnd 5.
Vernon a; Oakland 11. Salt Lake 6; San
Francisco 7, Los Angeles 2. Page 14.
Members of "Boomerang" company are
clever polo players. Page 14.
Elimination golf play for Northwest cham
pionship Is brilliant. Page 14.
Baker Village wiped out by torrent when
dam breaks. Page 1.
Veterans societies elect and adjourn.
Six ships for Government will be built on
Coos Bay. Page 1.
New Record for Oregon livestock made at
McArthur sale. Page 7.
Commercial and Marine.
Northwestern farmers delay purchases of
grain bags. Page 10.
Chicago wheat declines on announcement of
ending of option trading. Page 19.
Stock prices slump owing to weakened tech
nical condition of market. Page 19.
Deal for turblnera off and they may be used
as transports. Page 16.
Portland and Vicinity.
School planning will be one of problems con
sidered by education convention. Page 9.
Winter fuel shortage faces Portland. Page 8.
Oregon Medical Association hears prominent
speakers. Page 8.
O. N. Fan-in. fugitive from Portland, ar
rested in Montana. Page 11.
Weather report, data and forecast. Pag-e 19.
Dr. Walton Hubbard, of Boston, explains
doctrines of Christian Science. Page 13.
President's call for men Is answered by 65
in Oregon. Page 15.
Portland Heights rose show will help Na
tional Guardsmen. Page 15.
Pretty girl turns on burglar "pals." Page 1.
HO R RE NT SWEEPS
AWAY BAKER TOWN
Dam Breaks High in
DAMAGE REACHES THOUSANDS
Arrest Is Made on Charge of
BUILDINGS IN PATH VANISH
Giants of Forest, Torn Out by Roots,
Become Battering Rams and
Devastation Is Left in Wake of
Flood Xo Lives Lost.
BAKER. Or., Juno 28. (Special.).
Carrying destruction in its path, mil
lions of gallons of water from a reser
voir high in the Elkhorn Mountains. 15
miles west of Haines, swept out the
village of Rock Creek, with a popula
tion of 100. stopped trains at Haines,
destroyed crops on thousands of acres
in the Rock Creek, Muddy Creek and,
Haines district, killed livestock, left
Baker and Haines without clcctrlo
power, and Interrupted telegraph and
telephone service this morning:.
Owners of the Killanaque reservoir
this afternoon charged a man named
Gray, a farm hand, formerly employed
by them, with having: dynamited the
dam. Gray was taken from a train
here today by the Sheriff and put under
arrest. Gray denies being: implicated
in a plot, if there was one.
As far as known no lives were lost,
but the damage to crops, buildings and
loss of stock is many thousands of
Torrent Is Irresistible.
The source of the' flood is thought
to have been Killamaque Lake, a 15
acre irrigation reservoir on the north
fork of Rock Creek, above the Eastern
Oregon Light Power Company's plant'
at Rock Creek. The power plant, al
though directly in the path of the flood,
suffered little damage, but a section of
the flume and half a mile of transmis
sion lines were demolished. Baker
was cut off from power from 8:33
o'clock this morning until nearly noon,
when the auxiliary steam plant in tha
city was put into operation. Haines is
without light or power tonight.
At the plant the torrent is described
by eye-witnesses as a great mass 100
yards wide and 30 feet deep, roaring
down the canyon and carrying away
everything in its path. It struck the
power company's barn and turned it
over, grinding it to splinters within
a few minutes.
Korest Trees Ton Vp.
Big forest trees were borne on the
crest of the column and these became
a weapon of the flood, striking build-,
ings as battering rams.
The flood reached Rock Creek at
8:45 o'clock. The poolroom and store
building of the Farmers' Trading Com
pany, the Toll House, the blacksmith
shop and hall were destroyed, and only ;
debris and a few tin cans are left to
mark the site of the hamlet.
A horse tied in front of the store
was killed. Fences were all demolished
and as far down as Haines all of the
bridges are reported to have been
taken out. Many cattle were also
Haines Is Inundated.
Telephone lines, too, were torn out
by the torrent and the effect of the
flood was felt even at Haines, where
some streets were submerged and the
railroad track was nearly covered.
Rock Creek residents say that when
they first heard the torrent coming
they thought it was only the wind and
paid little attention to it until they
heard the snapping of telephone poles
and the grinding of the debris, as it
thundered down the valley. The peo
ple escaped to the hills nearby.
Because of the debris, it has been
impossible to reach the source of the
flood, high in the mountains. If it'
was Killiamaque Lake that was loosed,
it is estimated that nearly 12.000,000
gallons of water rushed down the
Irrigation Water Stored.
The capacity of Ellis reservoir is
not known,' but is thought to be much
less. Both are used to store Irrigation
water. Some are of the opinion that
in any case the dams or gates might '
have been blown out purposely, but
because the amount of water in the
lakes this year is unusually great, it
is generally believed that the break
came only from excessive pressure.
Killamaque Lake . is tapped by a
tunnel. 400 feet of which is said to be
through solid rock. It is believed that
the' gates that regulate the flow of'
water through this must have given
way. A party of men, headed by John'
Fisher, left for Killamaque Lake to in
vestigate the cause late this afternoon.
Other Dams Threaten.
It Is not only from the present dam- ,
age that the ranchers expect to suffer,
but with the loss of this great amount
of water it is feared it may take toll '
next Fall during the irrigation season.
Several other dams in the mountains
west of Baker are reported to be in
danger of breaking, but so far this has .
been prevented by timely action in re- ,
duclng the volume of the storage
Great excitement prevailed at Haines
for a time this morning because of fear
that the flood might endanger the
town. As It was, no damage was done
(Concluded on Psze 2, Column 2.)