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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL.. Li VII. NO. 17,546.
PORTLAND, OREGON, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
OREGON TROOPS GET
BIG WELCOME HOME
TO OREGON STATE
SCIENTIST PROVES RELATION
Family Reunions Take
Place at Depot.
TO ACT DEFINITELY
MEN' GO ON TO VANCOUVER
Returned Soldiers Will Parade
j iiere This Afternoon.
PUBLIC RECEPTION TONIGHT
Members of Troop and Battery
Greeted All Along Line After
Entering State Muster-Out
Will Soon Take Place.
HOW PORTLAND WILL WEL
COME RETURNED TROOPS
FROM BORDER TODAY.
Parado this afternoon starting
from Armory at 2:15. Patriotic
organizations and civic bodies
will serve as escort. State, county
and city officials will review pa
rade from stand on Central Li
Line of march South on Elev
enth to Alder, east on Alder to '
Broadway, south on Broadway to
Yamhill, east on Yamhill to Sixth,
north on Sixth to Washington,
east on Washington to Third,
north on Third to Pine, west on
Pine to Broadway, south on
Broadway to Washington, west
on Washington to Tenth, south
on Tenth to Taylor, west on Tay
lor to Eleventh.
Between close of parade and
6:30 visiting with relatives and
friends will be enjoyed by troops.
Banquet at Multnomah Hotel at
6:30, followed by reception.
Dance at Multnomah Hotel at 9
Theory Demonstrated by Difference
in size of Feet of Frogs of
South and North.
BERKELET, Cal.. Feb. 12. (Special.)
That there actually Is a relation be
tween webfootedness and life In Ore
gon has been scientifically demonstrat
ed by the University of California, Here
is the way It was proved:
Three hundred and seventy toads of
one species from the University of Cal
ifornia museum of vertebrate zoology
were examined by Charles Lewis Camp.
Of the hundreds of species which
came from the region Deiween m
Juana on the south and Orvllle and the
Cualala. River in Sonoma. County on the
north, all were found to have com
paratively email hind feet, the spread
from the end of the first toe to the
tip of the fifth toe being usually less
than 36 per cent of th total body
But toads of this same species from
Oregon. Washington and Vancouver
Island, and also those from the region
between Sulsun and Eureka and the
northern boundary of California were
found to have a remarkably greater
development of webfootedness, the
hind feet being larger, and when ex
panded etretchlng out for a distance
of more than one-third as great as the
total body length.
So marked is the difference that for
more than half a century these toads
of a relatively greater webfootedness
had been regarded by scientists ad a
perfectly distinct species.
Now, however, Mr. Camp has demon
strated that all of these toads are of
single species, with the webfooted
amphibians domineering the north.
Shocking Disaster May
Not Be Awaited.
B. L. STEEVES HEADS
UNIVERSITY TRUSTEES FIND
BEQUEST MAY BE $100,000.
RUSHED IN SENATE
MOVE WILL BE DELIBERATE
Congress to Be Asked for Au
thority to Protect Lives.
DEFENSE COUNCIL ACTIVE
Action as to Arming of Merchant
Vessels Not Decided On, Desire
SU11 Being to Give Ger
many No Excuse.
POTATO BOYCOTT BEGUN
Wisconsin Women Will Eat No
bcrs Until Price Declines.
MONROE, Wis., Feb. 14. Women of
this city who conferred on the high
cost of living decided today that they
will Institute a potato fast unless the
price of tubers declined by the end of
this week. It is proposed to abstain
from potatoes until the price recedes.
The women declare that in blockaded
Germany 60 pounds of Potatoes can be of goods de8tlned for export to Euro
pean ports. No serious effect from this
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14. The steady
accumulation of violations of American
rights by Germany made It appear pos
sible today that President Wilson
would go before Congress to ask au
thority for further protecting lives and
property without waiting for a serious
disaster which might shock the coun
. There were no indications, however,
that he believed the time for such a
step had come, and It again was said
authoritatively that he would move de
liberately and with full appreciation of
all the consequences Involved.
Tenxlon Only Slightly Increased.
Official reports of the sinking of the
American schooner Lyman M. Law In
the Mediterranean by an Austrian sub
marine added only slightly to the
tension, for while the act is believed to
have been illegal, no lives were lost
and the vessel apparently was warned.
The Incident was not looked upon as
one Itself sufficient to hurry the de
velopment of the situation.
Preliminary reports began coming to
Government departments showing the
piling up p.bout the Atlantic seaboard
All Members of Faculty Are Re
elected for Another Tear G. F.
Johnson Is Vice-President.
Dr. B. L Steeves. of Salem, was
elected president of the board of trus
tees of Willamette University to suc
ceed the late T. S. McDaniel at a meet
ing of the board held in Portland Tues
day at the First Methodist Episcopal
Church. Dr. Steeves has been vice
president of the board. w A member to
fill the vacancy was not chosen.
G. F. Johnson, of Portland, for sev
eral years a mer-r of the bo-rd. was
elevated to the -rice-presidency to suc
ceed Dr. Steevens.
A preliminary canvass of the bequest
to Willamette University as residuary
legatee of the late A. E. Eaton, of
Union. Or., indicates that Willamette
University will receive probably as
high as 100.000 Instead of $33,000, as
The only other business of Impor
tance transacted was the election for
another vear of all members of the
Among those present were Dr.
Steeves. Dr. J. W. McDougall, of Spo
kane, formerly of Portland; Dr. Wal
lace Sk'ipworth. of Hillsboro; Rev. A. R
McLean, of Portland; Rev. Walter Lee
Airhart. of Portland; Rev. Robert Brum
blay, of Spokane; R. A. Booth, of Eu
gene; A. B. Lee. Dr. Moore, of Eugene:
Burgess Ford and Rev. Nathan Evans,
of The Dalles.
Emergency Bond Issue
AUTOMOBILE TAX IS DOUBLED
Sentiment for $7,900,000
Bond Issue Crystalizes.
OBJECTIONS WIPED OUT
Study of Olson's Constructive High
way Programme Leads Legis
lators to Turn to It as
Means of Aiding State.
CHINA IS EXPECTED
TO JOIN ENTENTE
PROTEST REGARDED AS- PRE
LUDE TO PART IN WAR.
COLUMBIA SPAN IS
Japan Promises Support, Including
Maintenance of Order .Where
German Influence Prevails.
TOKIO. Tuesday, Feb. 13. In con
nection with the Japanese approval,
now confirmed, of China's action In
supporting the attitude of the United
States toward Germany on the sub
marine question, it is further stated
that Japan has promised China all pos
sible support. Including the mainte
nance of order In China, where German
influence is considerable.
China's protest to Germany, says the
Japan Times, may be taken as a pre
lude to China's eventual participation
in the war An the side of the entente.
Japan's special rights and interests
in the Far East, add3 the newspaper,
have been affirmed by the entente.
KIDNAPED GIRL IS HUNTED
bought, if any -are available for 72
cents, while In Wisconsin, on..t the
greatest potato-raising states In the
Union, consumers are paying four times
1 that price.
Fit as fiddlers, sun-burned and
sturdy, the last Oregon troops to leave SUFFRAGE BILL IS PASSED
ioq mexican Doraer, xroop a. ana I'm- 1
Measure Giving Vote for President
Is Up to Ohio Governor.
RUSSIANS DIE OF PLAGUE
Epidemic Sweeps One Province, Says
BERLIN, Feb. 14. (By wlrelese to
Sayvllle. N. Y.) Reports of an epi
demic in Rostov-on-the-Don have been
published in Russian newspapers, ac
cording to information received in Co
penhagen, says the Overseas News
"Despite the deletions of the censor.
It Is evident that the epidemic has
spread through the whole government
of Tekaterinoslav and has caused the
death of a tremendous nirtnber of vic
tims." says the agenoy. "Physicians are
unable -AO Identify the plague. The
bodies of Its victims, are covered with
tery A. reached Portland from the
South yesterday morning.
At the Union Depot wives, mothers
and sweethearts opened wide their
arms and hugged the returned troops
to their bosoms. Many a fervent kiss'
resounded beneath the gloomy old train
sheds, and the usually dull place was
enlivened as seldom before. Men rela
tives and friends gripped the hands of
the returned soldiers hard, and made
their greetings warm.
Soldiers Get Dainties.
Sandwiches, coffee, doughnuts, ap
pies and other dainties were served to
the soldiers In the train yards, and
packages of good things were given
the soldiers, so that when the troop
trains pulled out for Vancouver Bar
racks the men were well supplied.
Two special troop trains, bringing
the men, their horses and equipment,
and 160 Washington troops, reached
the Union Depot Just before 8 o'clock
yesterday morning. The scheduled
atop of one hour was lengthened to
two, to give the men a chance to visit
with the home folks. It was 10 o'clock
before the buglers sounded "assembly
and the train pulled out for Vancouver.
Parade This Afternoon.
This afternoon the Oregon and Wash
ington troops will return to the city
and will parade through, the principal
streets at 2:15. Tonight they will be
guests of honor at a big banquet spread
for them at the Multnomah Hotel. This
will be followed by a public reception
When tne two mixed trains bringing
home the bronzed guardsmen pulled in
to the Depot yards yesterday morning,
It was a welcome sight to hundreds of
waiting relatives and friends. Many
an eye was moist as loved ones were
greeted. There were many expressions
of thankfulness that the soldiers
reached home safe and sound, with
everyone of them probably better off
physically than when they left, and
all agree that the training has been
a decided benefit.
Big milk cans full of steaming cof
fee, great quantities of sandwiches
and doughnuts and boxes of prime Ore
gon apples were taken to meet the
troop trains by the Joint committee
of the troop and battery auxiliaries.
and complete Justice was done to the
spread by the soldiers. But every fam
ily that boasted a member of either of
those two organizations was not con
tent to allow their boy to take a chance
on the rations running short, so they
brought additional dainties, and there
was more than sufficient for all.
Reception Is Happy One.
The morning greeting of the guards
COLUMBUS, Ohio, Feb. 14. The Ohio
State Senate today passed a bill giving
women the privilege of voting for
The bill already has passed the House
and Governor Cox has Intimated he
will sign it.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 47
degrees; minimum, s aegreeg,
TODAY'S Fair: northerly winds.
Orton'a teachers' bill passes House, rase 7.
BUI Is passed placing grant lands on tax
rolls, Pago 0.
Insurance cods now ready tor Governors
signature. Pag. 7,
Senate passes bill to stop petition fraud.
Olympla Senate passes bone-dry bill, S3 to S.
Fishing fight breaks out again In House.
Senate rushes highway legislation. Page 1.
Submarine sinks American ship. Page 3.
Ex-Ambassador von Bernstorff satis. Page 8.
China expected to Join entente. Page 1.
Wilson preparing to ask Congress for au
thority to protect Americans Dexore
shocking tragedy occurs. Page 1.
British officials say submarine terror Is
phantom. Page Z.
British Minister pays tribute to Americans
of Belgian Relief Commission. Page 3.
Four Americans held for ransom by Villa
bandits. Page .
Cuban revolt spreads: Lansing sends another
warning. Page J.
AH women evicted from San Francisco red-
light district. Page .
Science proves webfeet are peculiar to Ore
gon. Page 1.
6 port a.
Beavers sail for Honolulu. Page 14.
Baseball strike definitely called off. Page 14.
Denny Wille wants one more trial with
majors, page J.-.
- Pacific Northwest.
Four officers of trading company guilty of
fraud. Page s.
B. L. Steeves elected president of board of
regents of Willamette university, page 1.
Commercial and Marine.
Good demand from East for wheat for
prompt shipment. Page la.
Traffic demoralization In East weakens
Chicago, wheat market. Page IS.
Stock trading professional with last prices
lowest. Page la.
Harbor at Municipal Dock No. 3 being
deepened. Page is.
Portland and Vicinity,
Columbia Interstate bridge formally opened.
men was a remarkably big and happy I Speakers at Laymen's Missionary Movement
reception. Mayor Albee and the Po-
condltlon will be felt, however, until
lapse of sufficient time for ships re
maining in American ports to have gone
to Europe and return.
ItiduMtrlal Life Threatened.
While only approximately 10 per cent
of American comrrterce with Europe Is
carried on American ships, the sailings
of vessels of other nationalities in many
instances have either been cancelled or
postponed, and therefore the result ot
the ruthless submarine campaign In
time will result in far-reaching dis
turbance of the industrial life of the
Preparations by the Government for
any eventuality still are going forward
without interruption. Much import
ance is attached to the work of the
Council of National Defense, which is
holding daily sessions for the purpose
of obtaining at first hand from Amer
icans of experience Information as to
what provision must be made to co
ordinate American resources. E. S.
Stettlnlus, of J. P. Morgan & Co., New
York, was again before the Council to
day furnishing Information gained
Concluded on Page 2, Column 4.)
FARM LOAN WARNING OUT
Federal' Board Unfavorable to
Bodies Organized for Profit.
WASHINGTON, Feb. 14 The Fed
eral Farm Loan Board today issued a
warning to farmers against persons re
ported to be organising farm loan as
sociations for the sake of private
"Any association which gives evi
dence of having been organized for
purposes of private profit will be given
very careful scrutiny before a charter
is granted." said the Board's state
Pope plans new move
Appeal to Be Made to Neutrals to
Act Jointly for Peace.
LONDON, Feb. 14. According to an
Exchange Telegraph message from The
Hague, it is reported from Munich that
the Vatican has informed the Nuncio
at Munich that the Pope contemplates
an appeal to all neutral governments
to take Joint action in favor of peace
SALEM, Or.. Feb. 14. (Special.)
Good roads legislation went through
with a rush In the Senate today when
House bills 21. by Bean and Barrett.
and 509, by the House highway com
mittee, passed the upper body. House
bill 509 provides for doubling the auto
mobile tax after August 1. this year,
and converting the funds so raised into
a state fund to be used in matching the
Federal aid In the Shackleford act
House bill 21 provides for an emergency
bond Issue of $1,800,000, the funds to
be raised to match the Federal road
fund only in event money Is available
from no other sources.
It is noticeable that the two bills
dovetail in well wttn the programme
outlined for the larger bond issue of
17.900.000. which Is proposed in the
bills of Senator Olson, which also will
be introduced In the House.
Bond lute Precedent Set.
No conflict Is found in the proposals
and in addition, by the passage of the
Bean-Barrett measure, the Legislature,
for the first time in Its history, has
committed Itself to a programme ot
bonding the state. By the passage of
that act It seems apparent from the
talk heard that few legislators will
object to the larger bond issue on the
broad ground that they are unconsti
tutionally opposed to bond Issues, when
the body already Is committed to such
The necessity for the use of a por
tion of such bond issue also seems to
arise on the face of the figures pre
sented under the terms of the Shackle-
ford act. The state, on July 1. 1918,
will need to raise $491,650 If it meets
the Federal aid provisions, and with
$220,000 raised from the mlllage tax
will be $271,000 shy of the amount
This arises largely from the fact that
the provisions of House bill No. 609
relative to the automobile tax do not
become effective until August 1, and
as a result the $150,000 net to be raised
on vehicle taxes for this year before
August 1 will go back. the counties
under the present law.
Opponent Are Appeased.
House bill 509 passed by a vote of
23 to 5. Senators Olson. Hawley and
Lewis championed the measure, and but
little opposition developed.
House bill No. 21, by Bean and Bar-
White Child Disappears From Home
After Being Found Once.
DETROIT, Feb. 14. Private detec
tlves Were today searching negro
boarding-houses In detrolt for ? '-year
old Marjorle Delbrldge, a white girl
from Chicago, who has been missing
since January 26. She was found here
yesterday at the home of Enoch Taylor,
a negro, t-.ie disappeared las', night
from the Taylor house, and. according
to Mrs. Taylor, was taken to Canada.
Tho Delbrldge girl, daughter of an
actress, was reared in Chicago by
negro woman named Mrs. Camilla Jack
son. Mrs. Taylor denied that she knew
Mrs. Jackson or the Delbridere child
and said that a white woman brought
the girl to her house, after "a friend"
had called up and arranged frr a room.
Dream of Half Century
Traffic Starts With Brilliant
Ceremony on Bridge.
THOUSANDS ATTEND AFFAIR
MINES TO BE TAKEN OVER
British Board of Trade to
LONDON. Feb. 14. The Board of
Trade will take possession of the coal
mines throughout the kingdom for the
duration of the war, according to an
announcement made today.
It will create a new department for
the administration of the mines,
headed by Guy Calthrop, now general
manager of the London & Northwest
ern Railway, as controller.
SWISS GO ON RATIONS
Use of Illuminating Gas Curtailed
to Save Coal.
BERNE. Switzerland, via Paris. Feb.
4. Meatless days, sugar cards, rice
cards and restricted hotel menus are
being resorted to by the Swiss govern
Foodstuffs are becoming more scarce
am a result of the new naval blockade,
Measures are being taken to reduce
everywhere the use of Illuminating gas
(Concluded on Page 4, Column 8.)
THEY'VE SPANNED THE MIGHTY COLUMBIA.
lice Band were there, the former to
welcome the boys to the city and the
latter to supply music that gladdened
the heart. Mrs. Eva Patterson was
head of the Joint auxiliary committee
of welcome that supplied the edibles.
urge wider vision for church. Page 13.
Oregon troops - warmly welcomed. Page 1.
Frank D. Oxm&n. star witness against al- I
leged bomb plotters, disputes woman's
affidavit. Page 18.
Stephen Carver gets franchise for four
motor-bus routes. Page 13.
Tong war baited pending settlement. Page
One of the happiest of the returning Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
soldiers yesterday was Sergeant P. E.
Penman, of Troop A, who was greeted
by a young baby he had never seen.
Sergeant Penman pitched camp at Bal
boa Park. San Diego, on July 3 last,
and the stork arrived at his home in
Portland on July 14.
But every race yesterday was
CConcluded on Page 9, Column 2.)
Jobs of striking metal trades workers be
ing filled. page 18.
Vancouver rejoices at bridge opening. Page
All Portland will hall returned troops at
parade today. Page .
Portland Episcopalians indorse pension
fund for clergy. Page 2u.
Descendants of Oregon pioneers celebrate I
state's "natal day. Page 15.
Amy MitUng will have new horns. Page . I
y-ggj f SHAKE ) IlYSP
1 neighbor I y&r
Yesterday in the Legislature.
THE Senate sustained Its reputation
for putting freak bills to sleep
without wasting time, paused Just long
enough yesterday to laugh and then
snuffed out the anti-snuff bill that had
come over from the House. It was one
of eight bills killed and 32 passed In
the course of a busy day.
Among the Important bills passed In
the Senate were the House measure
doubling automobile licenses so as to
provide a fund to match the Shackleford
Federal road fund, and the Bean-Barrett
bill authorizing Issuance of bonds
up to $1,800,000 necessary to match any
portion of the Federal fund not other
wise provided for.
Old Ferryboat Toots Last Jlournful
Salute as Gala Day Crowds
Begin to Surge Across Big
With brilliant formality, the Inter
state bridge yesterday swung into Its
niche in the great scheme of commer
cial and Industrial development of the
Oregon extended a big, brotherly
hand to Washington, and Portland wel
comed with open arms her old neigh
bor, Vancouver. They all fell into each
other's ardent embrace, happy over the
final realization of an improvement
that had been a dream for a half cen
tury or more.
Thousands Enjoy Gala Day.
Oregon was out thousands strong
and Washington in equal thousands.
Together they made a gala day of the
opening. Pride and Joy abounded on
every side except on board the old
ferry-boat which has plied a trouble
some course over the river, struggling
for years to keep pace with the on
ward march of development and
growth. It tooted a mournful salute to
the cheering thousands crowded on the
bridge as two little girls pulled apart
a ribbon bow that opened the bridge
Ceremonies on Lift Span.
The formal opening was on the lift
span near the Vancouver side. Two .
girls, the daughters of officials of
Multnomah and Clarke counties, pulled
the ribbon apart and dropped a rope
that separated the surging crowds from
Portland and Oregon on the one side
and Vancouver and Washington on the
other. At the same time Mayor Albee,
of Portland, shook hands with Mayor
Evans, of Vancouver, Governor Withy
combe, of Oregon, shook hands with
ex-Oovernor Moore, of Washington,
and to the strains of "The Star-spangled
Banner" by the Portland Police
Band, flags were hoisted to the tops
of the lift span.
With the making of the official link
between the two states the bridge was
opened to traffic. The Vancouver
crowds, including about 200 automo
biles and other vehicles, moved over
the bridge into Oregon, and the Oregon
contingent, with upwards of 300 auto
mobiles, moved into Vancouver.
Programme Follows Parade.
Following a parade through the
streets of Vancouver a dedicatory pro
gramme was carried out in Vancouver
Park. City, county and state officials
of both states and officials and others
who have had a part in the bridge
building in one way and another were
the speakers. Music was furnished by
the Portland Police Band and by Mrs.
The House bill Increasing salaries of
Multnomah County Commissioners from
$1800 to $3000 went through the Senate
by a close shave, having Just the neces
sary 16 votes.
Senator Fan-ell's bill limiting the
Portland School Board to a tax levy of
6 mills passed the Senate without op
Still another Important measure
passed by the Senate was the Gordon
House bill amending the law to safe
guard Initiative petitions against fraud.
The House today passed some of the
most Important measures proposed at
this session. Principal among them
were Representative Bean's bill au
thorizing the County Assessors to re
store the Oregon & California grant
lands to the tax rolls regardless of
the status of the pending legislation
the military code, the trust company
code, the certlfictae of convenience bill
and the fire marshal bill.
The House also passed Senator
Orton's bill amending ti-3 teachers ten
ure of office as it applies to Portland.
Senator Gill's bill removing the dead
line on commercial fishing in the Wil
lamette River from the suspension
bridge in Oregon City to Stony Rock
near Oswego also went through the
House after a little debate.
The House engaged in another sen
sational fight over fishing rights in the
Rogue River. The fisheries committee
presented a divided report on Senator
Smith's bill extending the season for
commercial operations at Grants Pass.
Representative Thomas and Speaker
Stanfield clashed. The Representative
favored the bill unamended as adopted.
Representative Gordon's bill creating
a Public Revenue Commission for
Multnomah County also was passed. It
gives the Commission power to fix the
tax rate and pass on appropriations.
Fred L Olson, of Portland.
The bridge opening ceremony was
conducted promptly at the scheduled
hour of 12:30. At 11:15 mora than 100
automobiles with Portland and Ore
gon people assembled in Sixth street
in front of the Portland Hotel. The
cars were all lavishly decorated with
American flags and the Police Band
rendered several lively selections.
Headed by the band a parade moved
north on Sixth street.
A special car was on band to take
the band. The procession of automo
biles headed by city, county and state
officials moved over Broadway bridge
to Broadway and Union avenue, where
more than 100 other decorated automo
biles Joined in. They went direct to
the south end of the bridge, where they
were met Dy several ounarca versvui
who -had gone to the scene on street
cars and by two companies of soldiers
from Vancouver Barracks.
Ceremony la Began.
Waiting on the Vancouver end of the
bridge was the North Bank Band, two
companies from Vancouver BarracKs.
and a crowd that lined all neighboring
docks and streets. Headed by two street
cars loaded with Fortlt nd Railway.
Light & Power Company officials, mem
bers of the Realty Board and other
organizations, the Oregon contingent
paraded to a march played by the
Police Band to the scene of the cere
mony. The Vancouver people moved
from their side of the span.
The old ferry chugged along toward
the Washington shore a little ahead of
the Oregon contingent. A temporary
platform had been erected in the center
of the lift span, on the Oregon-Washington
line, and on and around this
the ceremony took place. The bridge
was elaborately decorated with flags.
Miss Mary Helen Kiggins. daughter
of J. P. Kiggins, took hold of one end
of a ribbon tied In a bow and Miss
Eleanor Holman. daughter of County
Commissioner Holman. of Multnomah
County, took the other and. on signal
from County Commissioner Holman,
made by pulling the bridge belL they
pulled the knot apart. At the same
time Miss Louise Miller, daughter of
County Commissioner Abe Miller, and
Enid Carson, daughter of County Com
missioner M. E. Carson, of Vancouver,
I (.Concluded on Page , Column S.