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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. LVI XO. 17,530.
PORTLAND, OREGON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 27, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
STRANGE HORSE IS
SHIPYARD SITE OH
EAST SIDE LEASED
IS FOUND GUILTY
OFFICES TO MOVE
DISCOVERY OF SINGLE TOOTH
COURT DENOUNCES ACT OF EN
TERING PRIVATE OFFICE.
QUARTERS IX YEOX BUILDING
LEASED FOR 10 YEARS,
GOLD WAVE MAKES
ALL CHICAGO SHIVER
Mercury Drops to Be
low Zero in Night.
Utah Cavalry Goes to
Aid of Cowboys.
FIRE OPENED ON AMERICANS
Further Reinforcements Said
to Have Been Sent.
VILLA IS BEHIND PERSHING
Bandit Forces Said to Have Occu
pied Abandoned Outposts; Smug
glers Prepare to Veil Opera
te . tions In Withdrawal.
TUCSON. Aria., Jan. .26. According
to telephone advices from Justice of
the Peace Hogaa at Arivaca, Ariz
about 40 miles south of Tucson on the
border, fighting has been in progress
all day at a place called Stonehouse
between Mexican troopers and Ameri
According to the report, the trouble
started when the cowboys attempted
to drive their cattle away from the
boundary line and the Mexicans opened
fire. The Americans retreated and
were reinforced by a part of E troop,
Utah cavalry, who at once returned the
fire of the Mexicans.
Ko Americans Reported Killed.
All Americans have assembled at Ned
Hogan's house on the Arivaca Land &
Cattle Company's ranch, it was reported
Eighteen American troopers, with
Plenty of ammunition, were dispatched
at 5 o'clock to aid the troops already
The fighting was started by the Mex
icans, according to the American ver
sion of the affair. The cowboys, re
treating, kept up a running fire as they
returned northward, 'and . the Utah
cavalrymen went to the aid of the cow.
boys. . .
Mexican Troopers Are Scattered.
Advices received tonight said ne fur
ther trouble was expected, and that
ample forces were at hand to protect
the border. The Mexican cavalrymen,
numbering 20, attacked In open forma
tion, and toward the end of the melee
had been pretty well scattered.
The small raining camps in that part
of the county are protected by em
ployes. It was not ascertained whether
or not there were any casualties among
The original force consisted of 14
troopers, reinforced by cowboys. At 7
o'clock it was reported that no Ameri
cans had been killed. The scene of
the fighting is three miles from the
Montana mine at Ruby, Ariz. -
ELi PASO. Tex., Jan. 26. Forces of
Francisco Villa have occupied El Valle,
Chihuahua, abandoned by General Per
shing's outposts, according to appar
ently reliable information received in
Villa Establishes Headquarters.
It was said Villa had established
headquarters at Madera and was pre
paring to occupy Casas Grandes as soon
as Pershing should abandon field head
quarters at Colonia Dublan.
Smugglers are planning to use the.
Withdrawal of the American troops
from Mexico as an excuse to smuggle
Quantities of goods across the border
without the payment of the export duty
to the Carranza government, according
to a Carranza official here.
The plan is to use the troop move
ments to veil the Illicit exportation of
cattle, hides and other goods upon
which export duties are levied. Major
General Pershing has no knowledge of
these smuggling operations, it was said
today. No duty Is levied on the prop
erty of the expeditionary forces.
Refugee Coming Ont. ,
A passenger train was expected to
leave Casas Grandes tomorrow for
Juarez and will bring the remaining
refugees from the El Valle and Colonia
Dublan districts. After the departure
of this refugee train, it is expected
that the American troops will begin
moving north from field headquarters.
JUAREZ. Mex., Jan. 26. Fifteen
hundred Carranza troops have been
ordered from Chihuahua City to the
Western District of Chihuahua to oc
cupy El Valle (San Buena Ventura
and the other outposts vacated by
American expeditionary forces.
A general movement of American
' troops from Colonia Dublan toward the
border was predicted for tomorrow or
Sunday by officers of General Murguia'
staff late today.
FALL KILLS AUTO THIEVES
Two Youths Plunge Into Ravine in
Stolen Seattle Car.
SEATTLE, Wash.. Jan. 26. Andrew
Bechtel and Lee R. Erland, each about
22 years old, who, according to the
police, had been repeatedly accused of
stealing automobiles, were found dead
in a 30-foot ravine this side of th
town of Bothell. 15 miles north of
Seattle. Their bodies were pinned dow
by an overturned automobile, which had
been stolen during the night from 1
front of a downtown hotel in Seattle.
The police said that Bechtel and Er
.land had been in Police Court often In
the last few years. Bechtel recently
"completed serving six months In jail
' for stealing a motor car.
Malheur County Man Finds Clew to
Ijife of Miocene or Pliocene
Periods of Antiquity.
BERKELEY, CaL. Jan. 26. The dis
covery of a single tooth of an extinct
ancestor of the horse, of a species never
before known, has furnished a. clew
toward solving the geological history
and time relations of .Oregon, Idaho and
a vast area of the Great Basin region.
Announcement of the discovery Is made
by . Dr. John C. Merriam, of the Uni
versity of California.
This ancestor of the horse has bee
named by Professor Merriam Sip
parlon Anthonyl. In honor of A. W.
Anthony, of Malheur County, Oregon,
who discovered a single lower tooth in
tertiary beds southwest of Ironside, at
the base of the Blue Mountains. Pro
fessor Merrian and Dr. J. P. Buwalda
made a journey to Oregon to investi
gate this new fossil-bearing formation.
From study of the remains of this
extinct horse and from the evidence of
teeth of a mastodon and an - extinct
rhinoceros they are led to believe this
newly-found fossil-bearing region is of
an age between the late tnlocene period
and the middle of the pliocene period.
That a . single tooth of an extinct
horse should prove the animal of a dis
tinct species and tell the age in which
it lived Is a surprise to the layman. It
is due to the fact that the folds and j
crinklings of the enamel between the j
deposits of cement in the tooth of a
horse are of much complexity. They
differ to a highly marked degree as
between one species and another. This
has enabled science to work out the
evolution of the horse from a tiny doll
pony no larger than the present day
BRITISH TRADE INCREASED
Exports as Well as Imports Show
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26. The United
Kingdom Increased both Its sales and
purchases abroad in 1916. A Depart
ment of Commerce tabulation today
puts imports for the year at J4.619.000,
000 and exports at $2,940,000,000. This
shows an increase of 11.4 per cent in
purchases and of SI. 6 per cent in sales
Imports of food, drink and tobacco
during the year were valued at $2,041,
000,000, against $1,853,000,000 In 1915;
raw materials, $1,639,000,000, against
$1,394,000,000, and manufactured ar
ticles. $921,000,000. Exports during the
year were largely of .manufactured ar
ticles. DEPOT TAXI RATES FIXED
Council to Pass Ordinance for Pro
tection of Visitors.
For the protection of tourists and
other visitors to the city, an ordinance
to be passed by the City Council
fixing the maximum rates for taxlcab
service from one depot to another. The
measure has been prepared by Com
The maximum rate would be 25 cents
for each passenger traveling In either
direction between the Union and North
Bank stations, and 50 cents for each
passenger traveling In either direction
between these depots and the Jefferson
street station. No extra charge will
be permitted for carrying band bag
SITTING BULL'S WIFE DEAD
Small Woman Fatally Burned Sav
ing Her Shawl.
FARGO. N. D., Jan. 26. Small "Worn
an. former wire or bitting Jtsuu. is
dead at the Fort Berthold Indian Res
ervation in Western North Dakota
from burns sustained when fire d&
Etroyed her shack at Lucky Mound.
According to the report. Small Wo
man escaped from her burning dwel
ling uninjured but returned to rescue
an old shawl which she prized highly
and her clothing caught fire.
She was a native Mandan, 80 years
old. At the time of her death she was
the wife of a United States Indian
MRS. AXTELL TAKES POST
Belllngham Member of Compensa
tion Commission in Washington.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU,
Washington, Jan. 26. Mrs. F. C Ax
nominated by the President as a mem
nominated by the President as a mem
ber of the Federal employes' compen
sation commission, is in Washington
attending the National Security League
Mrs. Axtell will remain and take
up her new official duties as soon as
her nomination is confirmed by the
Senate. She has formally accepted the
BULGARIA ALLF0R PEACE
Minister Says Nation Is Jfot Waging
War of Conquest.
BERLIN, Jan. 26. (By wireless to
Sayville, N. T.) Dr. Wadetf. Bulgarian
Minister to Switzerland. Is quoted in a
Berne dispatch to the Overseas News
Agency to the effect that Bulgaria ap
proves absolutely President Wilson's
note to the belligerents.
Dr. Wadeff declared Bulgaria was not
waging war of conquest, and claimed
merely territories which belonged to
her in accordance with the principle
of nationalists. v -. .
f . ' " .
Four Blocks Taken by
TV0 BOATS UNDER CONTRACT
Land Bounded by East Oak,
Ash, First Streets and River.'
ORIGINAL PLAN ABANDONED
Motor-Driven. Wooden Vessels of
40OO Tons Each to Be Built for
New York Concern and Work
to Be Commenced at Once.
It became known yesterday that
terms of a lease had been agreed on
whereby four blocks, bounded by East
Oak and East Ash streets. East First
street and the river, are to be utilized
for a shipyard site In connection with
the construction of deep-water vessels,
the first of which are to be two car
riers for the Gaston, Williams, .Wig-
more Steamship Corporation of New
York, which were contracted for at
New Tork Tuesday to be built by Jo
seph Supple. Fred A. Ballln and J. B. C
Lockwood, of this city.
Involved In the transaction are said
to be two blocks on the waterfront
owned by the Standard Lumber Com
pany, another In which the Ladd es
tate has title and the fourth la owned
by the Standard Lumber Company In
terests and Page & Son, each having
an. undivided half.
Street Vacation Needed.
To prepare the property for ship
building purposes, which means the
building of ways on the waterfront
with shops and assembling space in
the rear, temporary vacation of streets
now dividing the blocks will be neces
sary and It is understood that matter
will be placed before the Council. In
view of the fact that the same action
was taken to favor the Albina Engine
& Machine "WorkST a few months ago,
when Its site extending back from the
old Montgomery dock property was se
lected. it Is regarded as certain that
no difficulty will be experienced.
The two ships arranged for are to
be the largest wooden carriers yet con
tracted for on the Coast, being of 4000
tons deadweight capacity. While of
wood, considerable steel will be used
in strengthening them, including all
steel bulwarks. They will be motor-
driven, having twin screws with each
engine being of 300 horsepower.
Flrat Plan Abandoned.
The first plan was to occupy a block
at the foot of East Madison street,
which Mr. Supple holds under lease
from the Spokane. Portland & Seattle
Railway Company, but the four blocks
concerned In the new transaction are
regarded as much more desirable be
cause c , .added space. The north limit
(Concluded on Page 5. Column 4.)
INTRODUCE j r """7
goosI lady who is J I SSSi
MY LOVED BV t ISSV
Pi L STATE
Sleuth Employed by J. P. Morgan to
Trace "Iieak" Is Fined 9100
and Pays Under Protest.
NEW TORK, Jan. 25. William J.
Burns, private detective," was found
guilty here today of surreptitiously en
tering the law offices of Seymour &
Seymour, -making copies of private
papers and then publishing them. Burns
was employed by J. P. Morgan & Co.
to trace a "leak of Information about
contracts for war supples for the en
tente allies from the Morgan offices.
In finding Burns guilty, the Justices
of the Court of Special Sessions laid
down the legal principle that no pri
vate detective has the right to enter
a man's office or dwelling and examine
his private correspondence and papers.
"It would be giving a private de-
tective more power than a policeman.'
said Justice Collins. "The law ' puts
protection around a man's home. It
would be a deplorable thing If in
America a private house were not safe
from being entered by private detec
A fine of $100 with an alternative of
80 days In Jail was Imposed on Burns,
who paid the fine at once under pro
Martin Egan. publicity manager for
J. P. Morgan & Co, at whose request
Burns began his Investigation, was ac
quitted on a similar charge and exon
erated of any attempt to publish the
correspondence obtained by Burns.
NOISY SESSION IS FEARED
Austria Pnts Off Calling Parliament,
on Bint From Army.
LONDON. Jan. 26. The agitation for
an early summoning of the Austrian
Parliament, according to an Exchange
Telegraph dispatch from Vienna by
way of Amsterdam, has been unsuc
cessful and It has been decided not to
convene the chambers "owing to un
foreseen difficulties" until May.
?he government's reluctance to sum
mon Parliament, .the dispatch adds. Is
due to hints from army headquarters.
which fears a noisy session.
MEXICAN REFORMS LOST
Revenne Argument . Kills Move to
Bar Lirmor and Bullfights.
QCERETARO, Mexico, Jan. 26. The
proposal to prohibit in the constitu
tion the manufacture and sale of pulque
and alcoholic beverages, and that to
prohibit "bullflghts and cockfights, was
defeated today by the constitutional
The main argument In opposition was
the loss of revenue, it being stated that
pulque alone produced 84,500,000 reve
QUAKE R0CKS MONTREAL
Shock Lasts -IS Seconds and Causes
Alarm in Tall Buildings.
MONTREAL. Jan. 26. An earth shock,
which continued for 15 seconds, rocked
this district today.
Buildings shook throughout the city,
causing considerable alarm among office
tenants in the business sections where
high structures stand.
WHERE HAVE I SEEN THAT FACE BEFORE?
REST OF STATE IS COLDER
Two Men Lose Feet, Another's
Hand and Ear Frozen.
TRAINS IN WEST BLOCKED
Union Pacific Lines in Wyoming
Temporarily Opened Early in
Day, but Heavy Wind Fills
Cuts Wltb Drifts Again.
CHICAGO, Jan. 26. (Special.) A
fresh cold wave came to Chicago In
the night and citizens arose with shak
ing limbs and blue noses this morning
to find an official temperature of 4
degrees bejow zero. In the suburbs,
away from the influence of the lake,
temperatures ranged from 9 to- 12 be
low zero. At one point the Government
thermometer registered 15 below and
all Northern Illinois shows an average
of 10 below.
Official forecasters say there Is no
warm weather In sight and point to
Minnesota, where 22 below zero is the
prevailing figure, and Ontario points,
where 46 below Indicates no relief from
that direction. Wisconsin, Iowa, Ne
braska and Michigan all show below
zero weather and the only hope for
moderation lies in strong steady winds
for many hours from the south.
Wave Confined, to North.
Professor Mitchell. In .charge of the
weather bureau here, says the present
cold wave is confined to points north
of the Missouri River. West and south
of that stream the temperature Is mild
for this time of year.
Old-timers found some consolation
and food for conversation Jn recalling
the weather of 20 years ago, when the
thermometer showed 18. below at about
this season. However, there was scant
comfort in this, for two men were
picked up so badly frozen today they
must undergo amputation of feet and
one man will also lose one hand and
Numerous and persistent calls came
all day to various charitable societies
for fuel and food. Chicago, so far,
has been able to take better care than
ever before cf its poor. One reason is
that there are few idle men. -There
is also plenty of work for all women
and girls and the ranks of dependents
are appreciably thinned as a result.
Lake If aa Benlsn Influence.
ijake Michigan so far this year has
not frozen beyond the still water of
the lagoons and breakwaters and the
great body of water is a moderating
influence on extremes of heat and
cold. Lakes Superior and Erie are
ss-id to be frozen practically across,
which rnvani a long siege of cold In
Removal From Wells Fargo Location
Will Be on Marcli 1 Legal De
partment Joins Other Staff.
General offices of the Southern Pa
cific Company In Portland are to be
removed on March 1 from the Wells
Fargo building to the Teon building.
at Fifth and Alder streets. They will
occupy the entire seventh and eighth
floors of the .Teon building, which the
railway company has taken under
ten-year lease. The legal department.
now in the Fenton building, will also
remove to the new quarters.
Although the news comes from an
authoritative source, the official an
nouncement probably will not be made
until the return to Portland of J. H.
Dyer, assistant general manager, who
left last night for San Francisco. In
his absence other Southern Pacific offi
cials declined to discuss the change.
The new quarters are regarded as
particularly advantageous, as the Teon
building Is only 100 feet from the fino
new ticket office of the Southern Pa
clfic at 131 Fourth street. This office
Is -to have its formal opening tonight.
The departure of the Southern Pa
cific Company from the Wells-Fargo
building marks the final step in the
divorce of Its offices from those of the
O.-W. R. & N. The two railroads have
occupied the greater portion of the
Wells-Fargo structure since It w
completed In 1907. At that time the
two lines were affiliated. . Since their
separation each system has maintained
Its own offices, but their presence in
the same building has led to confusion.
It Is said.
MENU SENT TO MRS. WILSON
President's Wife Asked to Try 25
Cent Diet for One Day.
NEW TORK. Jan. 26. A. special
menu for the White House was sent to
Mrs. Woodrow Wilson today by Mrs.
Eula Clary, publicity manager of the
policemen's diet squad here, with the
request that the food selected for three
meals be tried for one day. as follows
Oatmeal and milk
Toa&t and butter
Cost 7 cuta.
Salmon croquettes with peas
Bread an- btlt-.W- -'
- - Tea
Cost 8 cents.
Baked split peas
Stuffed green peppers
Whole wheat bread and butJur
11ced oranges and bananas
Cost 10 cents.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTERDATT-Maaimiim -emperature. 46
degrees; minimum. 40 degrees.
TODAY'S Occasional rain; southwesterly
Kindergarten for Portland passed by Legis
lature. Face 6.
Cl'.y Club proposes to safeguard Initiative.
Merger of labor, accident and child wel
fare work agreed on. Pace 7.
Bitter fights set for next week at Olympla.
Senate kills one bill, passes Id and 30 new
ones appear. Page 7.
Mexican troops In clash with American
troops and cowboys on border. Page X.
Houiee passes rivers and Tiarbora bill. Page 4.
Oregon cattleman surprise witness for prose
cution In court case, rage 31.
Cold wave suddenly descends on Chicago.
Tooth of Oregon prehurtorlo horse found.
Widows' pension frauds uncovered In Mon
tana. Page 4.
Detective Burns eonvfetftd of abstracting
papers from lawyer's office. Page 1.
Spokane defeats Portland at hockey. Page
CConnell and Vledhof to wrestle here.
Page 14. I
Washington High defeats Bill Military five.
48 to 4. Page 14. ,
Electrification of Milwaukee In West to cost
many millions. Pago 5.
New'prison and complete change In system
advised in survey. Page 1.
Taxpayers' League meets at Salem. Page
West Coast Lumbermen's Association meets
at Tacoma. Page 2.
Commercial aad Marine.
Lower wheat prices stop selling -at country
points. Page IV.
Increase In Canadian crops estimate breaks
wheat at Chicago. Page 19.
New Tork stock market in professional con
trol. Page 17.
Harbor Commission seeks re-enactment of
charter amendments. Page IS.
Portland and Vicinity.
Dr. C. J. Smith tells Realty Board state
grain bureau Is needed. Page IS.
W. II. Paulhamns says railways fall la duty
to settlers. Page IS.
Woman University regent ridicules Legis
lative attack. Page 8.
Hardware dealers want legislation against
trading stamps. Page 9.
Colonel Dentler returns here as senior Inspector-Instructor
of loth Mllltla Division.
Interstate bridge to be opened February 15.
Supposed wife and real widow settle Kutner
estate contest. Page 12.
Sbrinere pitch tents In Portland today.
Twenty-one schools to adopt Gary system.
Stephen Carver to get Llnntoa Jitney fran
chlse. Page 1L
George- Gulstln. Court Interpreter, dies ef
paralysis. Page 18.
Proposed rate on glass containers fought by
fmiunen. Page 16.
County Hospital site provokes near-riot.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 19.
Supple concern leases four blocks on East
Side for shipyard site. Page L
Seventy-two Lincoln High School graduates
get diplomas. Page 5.
Oregon Democrats forced out Federal Jobs
today. Page 4.
Forty-three graduate from Washington
Hlgb School. Page 6.
Southern Pacific offices will move to Teon
building. Page 1.
Report Declares New
FLAT TERMS ALSO FAYORED
Sale of Products on Open Mar
ket Is Suggested.
MORE STUDY IS ADVISED
Separation '; of Management Front
That of Other Institutions, Diet
That Is Better Balanced
and Segregation Favored.
MAIN RECOMMENDATIONS OF"
PIHSON SURVEY COMMIS
SION. An entirely new Penitentiary
building, to be built of six unite,
the cost payable by six annual
Repeal of the ' Indeterminate-
sentence law and fixed sentences
for all classes of crime.
Removal of the warden and pa
role officers from the State Pa
The prison to be under super
vision of a prison board of three
members, . named by . the Gov
ernor. Experimentation with the Mu
tual Welfare League plan as used
at Sing Sing Prison.
Sale of prison-made goods on
the open market In competition
with free labor to solve the prob
lem of prison idleness.
Competent steward in charge
to do away with sameness of diet
now afflicting the convicts with
Segregation of first offenders
on a basis of the high per cent of
factors contributing to their de
linquency. Establishment of a new medi
cal department, with laboratories
for blood tests. ' '9
Extension of penal farm work
to make the Institution nearer
Re-establishment of common
school work under control of
State Superintendent or Superin
tendent of Marlon County schools.
Use of one-man-to-the-cell sys
tem for vice, with sterilization
for the feeble-minded and cas
tration for the Incorrigible.
SALEM. Or.. Jan. 36. (Special.)
Approximately 30 major recommenda
tions, covering the criminal problem
in all of its leading phases, were mad a
In the report of the Penitentiary Sur
vey Board, tiled with the State Board
of Control today. The report offers
suggestions which. If carried out. would
result In practically revamping the en
tire present system of dealing wltb
crime and criminals.
Members of the Penitentiary Survey
Commission signing the report are V.
W. Mulkey. chairman. Portland: E. E.
Brodie. Oregon City, and L. J. "Wont
New Prison Recommended.
The substance of the committee's
recommendations la as follows:
That plans and specifications for a
new prison of reinforced concrete, fire
proof construction be prepared; that It
be built by prison labor; that It have
the outside cell system; that It be built
by units within six years and that it
be financed by six annual tax levies.
That cells be provided for all but
trusties; that there be only one man
to the cell and that trusties have dor
mitory sleeping accommodations.
Cell for Each Man Advised.
That the first unit of the proposed
new- prison include a cell house of 100
cells, to be used for lncorrlgiules and
In addition thereto give each prisoner,
by the use of the present penitentiary
and the new cell house, a separate cell.
A separate board for the manage
ment of the penitentiary is recom
mended. This board is to consist of
three members to be arnbinted by the
Governor for six-year terms and shall
have full control of the penitentiary.
Indeterminate Term Opposed
It Is recommended that the present
Indeterminate sentence law be repealed;
that when a penitentiary sentence be
Imposed it be a fixed one and that it
be the maximum sentence now exist
ing for each crime; that if the maxi
mum is too high In some cases it ba
reduced; that the parole board have
power to recommend a parole in all
cases, irrespective of former prison
records, at any time after a prisoner
has actually begun to serve his sen
tence; that opinions of Judges and pros
ecuting attorneys and a good prison
record be not the sole test upon which,
to recommend a parole
Pardon Amendment Asked.'
An amendment to the state constitu
tion is suggested that shall separate
the pardoning power of the Governor
from the parole system and that the
parole system bo constitutionally rec
ognized. It Is recommended that the "parol
(Concluded on Page 9. Column L