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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
THE MORNING OREGONIAN, FRIDAY, JANUARY 26, 1017.
SPEECH OF WILSON
Ex-Secretary Sees Admission
That Only Way to Avoid War
Is to Be , Prepared.
PEACE REQUIRES FORCE
Monroe Doctrine Declared Main
tained in Past Only by "Willing
ness to Fight for It and by
Balance in Europe.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. The world
peace address of President "Wilson to
the Senate was interpreted by Elihu
Hoot in a speech here tonight ae an
admission that there is no way out of
war except by preparation for war and
as a denunciation of the course of Ger
many. He said he was in full sym
pathy with the purposes of the speech,
which contained "such noble idealism."
Mr. Root spoke before the National
Becurlty League Congress of Construe
tlve Patriotism, beginning a three-day
session. He appealed for a return to
the "basic principle upon which this
Government was founded," universal
military service, as the only adequate
measure or defense. American free
dom was threatened, he declared, by
the principle of "liberty of National
evolution" asserted by, Germany, the
application of which had meant the
overwhelming of Serbia and Belgium,
and which, if approved by the world,
will mean that "our American free
dom Will eurely die, and die while we
- Universal Service Cheered.
The speaker's plea for universal serv
ice and his denunciation of Germany
Drought his hearers to their feet, cheer
ing time and again. His address was
the feature of a day filled with vigor
ous appeals for universal military
training and service, which promises
to be the central theme of the Congress,
although a long programme in which
other questions of National defense
will be treated has been mapped out.
Taking up the President's address.
Mr. uoot said:
"The President has recently made a
speech in the Senate, of which we have
all been reading, and I wish you to ob
eerve that the only way he sees out of
the war that is devastating Europe is
Iby preparation for war. There i
much noble idealism in his speech.
with its purpose I fully sympathize.
The kind of peace he describes is the
peace that I long for. But the way
he sees to preserve that peace is by
preparation for war. Now, if some of
our friends among the cornfields and
the cotton fields and the mines and the
citrus fruit orchards will sit up and
read this clause of the President's
speech, telling how we may prevent
further wars, they may have reason to
wonder whether they haven't forgotten
Effort Meaningless Without Power.
"Here It Is: "Mere agreement may not
make peace secure. It will be abso
lutely necessary that a force be cre
ated as a guarantor of the permanency
or the settlement so much greater than
the force of any nation now engaged
or any alliance hitherto formed or
projected, that no nation, no probable
combination of nations, could face or
withstand it. If the peace presently to
he made is to endure it must be a peace
made secure by the organized major
iorce or mankind.'
"Now, I hope that paragraph means
wnat I nope it noes. I do not under
stand it ee intended to commit the
United States to enter into a conven
tion or treaty with the other civilized
countries of the world-which will bind
the united States to go to war withou
the people of the United States having
an opportunity to say whether they
win go to war or not.
"What I understand by it is that
convention shall be made by which all
the civilized nations shall agree with
all their power to stand behind the
maintenance of peace thus agreed upon
and u that peace be infringed upon
then, under the sanction of that agree
ment, each nation shall determin
what its duties are toward the main
tenance of that peace.
Force Must Be Built Up.
"But observe that that is worthless,
meaningless, unless the nations that
enter into it keep the power behind it.
Jt will be a worthless agreement on
our part if we haven't a Bhip or a sol
dler that we can contribute to the war,
If war there ought to be. for the main
tenance of that peace.
"And it absolutely requires that we
shall build up a force, potential powe
of arms, commensurate with our size,
our numbers, our wealth, our dignity,
our part among the nations of th
Just one other sentence of thl
speech about which I will say a word
una that Is the declaration that th
peace must be a peace without a vie
tnry. Now, I sympathize with that
But the peace that the President de
scribes involves the absolute destruc
tion and abandonment of the princlpl
upon which thi war was begun. It
doesn't say 'Serbia,' it doesn't say "Bel
plum,' but there the chosen head-
the American people has declared th
principles of the American democracy
in unmistakable terms, has declared
for the independence and equal rights
or all small and weak nations, has de
clared for a Monroe Doctrine of the
"State EiIsmct" Discussed.
"Every word of that declaration
which I believe truly represents th
conscience and Judgment of the Ameri
'an people, denounces the sacrifices of
Belgium and of Serbia and the prln
ciples upon which they were made.'
Mr. Root said the European war was
begun on the principle that a stat
exigency is superior to those rules
morality which control individual
"Upon that principle it was declared
there was no obligation upon a nation
to keep the faith of a treaty if it did
not suit its interests.
"It doesn't matter much what you and
I think about these things. What does
matter is that approximately one-half
the entire military power of this world
supports that proposition. And I say if
that principle of National conduct be
approved, then our American freedom
will surely die, and die while we live.
"Look for a minute at the German
note proposing a peace conference,
which used a phrase which apparently
describes the concrete application of
the principle about which I am talking.
It said, 'We were forced to take the
sword for justice and for liberty of
X n X m t Inn RHlltlMB.
"Liberty of national evolution! It
was national evolution that overran
Serbia. It was national evolution that
crushed Belgium and national evolution
lias 'extended over Asia and Africa, all
over the world, except America, North
and South eager and grasping and
resolute, gathering in tinder its flag,
under domination under national con
trol, the territory of the earth."
Mr. Root declared that no nations had
Veen guiltless, that even the United
Ftates still had Mexico to answer for.
"What had maintained the Monroe
Doctrine, he said, was the willingness
of the men of Monroe's time to fight,
the i-uropean balance of power and the
Now I ask," he added, "what that
Monroe Doctrine will be worth if we
aren't ready to protect it? Suppose the
result of this war is such that these
foreign influences that have helped
preserve the Monroe Doctrine disappear
and we aren't ready to defend it?"
COEDS CAN'T EVEN WAVE
Barnard College Girls Are
tressed Because of Rules.
BOSTON, Mass., Jan. 19. Dear! dear!
dear! If any Barnard girls who live
In Brooks Hall break any of the rules
fter this, they must report them
selves. Isn't that distressing?
Until a recent meeting there was a
real warm argument, the old honor
ystem prevailed. Under it. if a Kirl
broke the rules the other girls were
supposed to report her to the presi-
It wouldn't be so hard If It hadn't
been decided also at the meeting that
there must be no more signaling from
tne aormitory windows to young men
rernaps you can imagine how embar
rassing It would be to have to go to
the president and say:
President, I waved my hand out of
the window to my young man tonight
ana ne waved back. Oh. dear! 1 m
sorry I was so reckless."
99 0HI0ANS ARE INDICTED
Frauds in Last Presidential Elec
tion Are Charged.
CINCINNATI, Jan. 25. Eleven men.
among them two Republican City Coun-
ilmen. an assistant clerk of the City
Council and a Hamilton County Dep
uty Sheriff, who were named in indict
ments returned by the Federal grand
ury today in connection with alleged
frauds at the last Presidential election,
were taken into custody tonight by
United States Marshals.
Numerous others mentioned in the six
sealed indictments against 99 men are
expected to be brought into court to
morrow. WOMEN OUT FOR VOICE
(Continued From First Pape.)
of $6 or 18 a week.
A pair of shoes,
nowadays, costs $10.
Every woman here has at least one
child. We are against the lives we
lead as well as you. But what are
you going to do about it?
I know. I have been in hospitals
and institutions and have seen the
blind and the defectives. I know what
caused their conditions.
I am a mother of a girl of 14. An
other girl in my house is the mother
She was sick. She wrote to her
brother, a Methodist preacher. for
"He answered: 'Trust in the Lord.
Harvest of "Wild Oats Seen.
"Tl ese women before you are prod
ucts of men of shame who buy them.
You say, 'I don't want these women
around my church. My church must be
That is not what Christ said to the
"You and your people say "our boys
must sow their wild oats.' All right,
you see before you the harvest of those
She said that church women should
quit gossiping and rear their sons so
that they would not debauch women.
This is the saddest moment of my
life," replied Mr. Smith, as Mrs. Gamble
stood awaiting his reply.
"How many of you have children?"
Turee-quarters of the women raised
'How many of you are In this life
because you couldn't make enough to
All hands were raised.
".'low many of you made less than
$8 a week?"
Half of the women raised their
Girl Said to Need 20 a Week.
A girl." said Mrs. Gamble, "can't
live on less than $20 a week.
Men who are heads of families get
less tnan zo. replied Kev. Mr. Smith
'How many here would work for $10
The women laughed at him. Not
El hand was raised.
The pastor introduced Miss Florence
Brookman, a helper. She said she would
harbor any who came to her.
Yes, come to church," said Rev. Mr.
Yes, but your parishioners wouldn't
let us stay among their daughters."
one woman hurled back.
"Come and see," said the pastor.
"I can help one of you to reconstruct
your lives," said the pastor. "You may
come to me at any time."
Tremendous Question Raised.
"You have raised a tremendous ques
tion and I pledge myself now to help
you and to work for decent wages.
But I don't think a woman has the
right to sacrifice her purity for luxury
and fine clothes. Christ gave his sym
pathy to the Magdalen, but he exhorted
prostitutes to lead a white life. I have
never said, 'Drive them out.' I do not
blame them. I blame the men who
take your wages and the owners of
property where you live. The system
is wrong, but it seems the "woman
must pay.' "
The women applauded when Mrs.
Gamble said, in telling of a hat girl in
a hotel who worked for $25 a month:
"How long is that little girl going
to stay pure with a mother and little
sister to support?"
"There are boys at the University of
California," Baid Mrs. Gamble, "between
19 and 22, come to my house regularly
with the money their fathers give
them, to buy women. They are not fit
to be blown to hell. That's why women
are in my house.
Plea for vXew Girls" Made.
"If you want to stop prostitution,
stop the new. girls from coming in.
Don't mind us. We have our cross.
The girls coming in will always be
coming in so long as conditions, wages
and education are as they are. You
won't do any good attacking ue. Why
don't you attack those conditions?"
said Mrs. Gamble. "We want to stop it.
"It won't do any good to drive us out
of the city. Has your city- and your
church a different God that you drive
evil away by sending us to other cities?
"It's the men who preach morality
and contribute to churches, who take
support from women to whom they pay
wages that drive these women here
into the life they lead.
"We will work for a living wage."
The church echoed again with ap
plause. "The women that you want to pay
attention to," she continued, "are not
the prostitutes so much as the mothers
who sit there drinking cocktails aft
ernoons, leaving their children to serv
ants. "Before you go into the vice meet
ing tonight, try to think what will
become of us," said Mrs. Gamble.
Then the women left.
Rev. Mr. Smith said it was a "his
toric meeting," and that a minimum
wage law for women was a necessity.
Dreadnought Mississippi Launched.
NEWPORT NEWS. Va.. Jan. 25.
The i uoerdreadnought Mississippi was
successfully launched today in the pres
ence of Secretary Daniels, distinguished
visitors and more than 15.000 specta
tors. Water from the Mississippi River
was used in the christening.
LAND LAW CHARGED
Secretary Lane Told Plan Is
Under Way to Corner Large
Areas of Range.
ENTRIES UNDER SUSPICION
Complaints Also Reach Members of
Congress Department May
Forestall Action by Refusing
to Promulgate Rules.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Jan. 25. If charges, filed in
great number with the Secretary of the
Interior, prove to be well founded, the
new 640-acre homestead law may not
be put Into operation until Congress
has an opportunity to amend it, or until
the Interior Department, in co-opera-1
tion with the Department of Justice,
has opportunity to prepare to guard the
Government against fraud.
The substance of the charges on file
is that large sheepmen and cattlemen
in the West have been sending their
herders and other employes in large
numbers to file applications to enter
under the 640-acre law, the assumption
being that the employers are to finance
their agents and the agents, in turn,
after acquiring title from the Govern
ment, are to convey the land to the
Men Hired to Enter Lands.
One of the charges was submitted
by a well-known citizen of one of the
big livestock states. He said:
"Immediately upon the 640-acre law
coming Into force, the sheepmen
rounded up their herders and camp
tenders and they flocked into the
United States Commissioner's office
here and I am Informed that most of
the locations of land made under this
act have been made by the sheepmen
and their employes. That in effect
means and it is what one sheep-herder
said here that the sheepmen are hiring
these herders and camp tenders to enter
these lands, under contract to deed
the property to the sheepmen as soon
as title can be obtained. This means
that all the good grazing lands they
can enter will be covered by these
fraudulent entries and finally get into
the possession of the sheepowners."
Another informant, writing the Sec
retary, cited a case in which 17 herders
employed by a single sheepman had
made preliminary applications to make
entry, their Joint applications covering
17 consecutive sections where this man
has been accustomed to run his sheep.
These complaints are coming in large
numbers and also 4re being received
by Senators and Representatives from
the Western states. Secretary Lane has
declared his purpose to hold up all 640
acre entries until he can investigate.
tan Intended for Real Settlers.
The 640-acre bill was passed on the
theory that it would encourage the set
tlement of vast areas in the West that
will never be homesteaded under the
160-acre law or the 320-acre law and
advocates of the bill maintained that
it would prove a great boon to thou
sands of settlers. The law is so drawn
that no actual entry can be filed cover
ing 640 acres until after the Secretary
of the Interior has designated areas
wherein such entries will be allowed,
nor can any entries he made until the
departmental regulations have been
promulgated. It therefore rests in the
hands of Secretary Lasie to prevent
entries and the preliminary applica
tions that have been made by thousands
have conveyed no color of title.
The attempted fraud under the 640-
acre law Is on all fours with dummy
entries made years ago under the
timber and stone act. If. on investiga
tion. Secretary Lane becomes convinced
that widespread fraud has been at
tempted under the 640-acre law, he can
do one of several things. He can start
proceedings against those who are at
tempting to make fraudulent entry. He
can reject entries that are shown to
be fraudulent, or he can refuse to
designate any land under the 640-acre
law and throw the whole question back
TIMBER OPTIONS CLOSED
Continued From First Paye.)
kane. 14.000 acres: J. O. Elrod. 8000
acres: Reed & Mackay, 6000 acres
Standish-Hickey, 1000 acres, and other
smaller tracts. The Reed & Mackay
1000 acres are supposed to contain
400,000,000 feet of timber and the other
holdings a proportionate amount.
The deal will bring to the Gardiner
Mill Company $1,250,000 and the Reed
and Mackay Interests will have a por
tion that will bring- them a big sum,
The payment to the C. A. Smith Com
pany will be upwards of $1,000,000.
Cash to Be Paid.
When the property is taken over the
deal will be closed for cash and all
who are selling will be paid on the
spot. The Smith options for the 27,000
acres' were furnished by A. E.. Adel
sperger, of the A. E. Adelsperger
Cruising Company, of Marshtield, for
mer head of the Smith Timber Com
The Smith holdings are practically all
south of the Umpqua River, while the
Gardiner Mill Company tracts lie north
of the Umpqua, adjacent to the rail
road and on Smith River, towards the
head of tidewater. The Reed & Mackay
timber is situated on the south side of
the Umpqua and the Sparrow & Kroll
land is north of the Umpqua and ad
joining the railroad.
New York Stockholders Approve.
The stockholders of the company, at
a meeting in New York last week, ap
proved the options and probable pur
chase, and the Boston stockholders fol
lowed suit the first of this week. It is
believed the deal will be consummated
within the next six weeks or two
months at the most.
This large deal causes much specu
lation, for the lay of the land, its near'
ness to both rail and water shipping
and its compactness make it admirable
for carrying on operations with great
Great Industry Probable.
Naturally the question arises, will
the company with such large hold
ings operate or let it lie idle, as
hundreds of other owners of tiro
ber land in the Coast section are
doing? The question has not been an
swered as yet, but as the affair nears
completion it is believed some declara
tion of the company s Intent will b
forthcoming. In the event of the com
pany starting operations it would mean
the largest industry that has ever lo
cated in this section of the Coast.
The only spruce remaining in thi
part of the state now Is on the Coos
Bay peninsula and in the district south
west of Marshtield and towards Ban
don. There is said to be sufTicien
spruce in the Frank Boutin holding
beyond Beaver Hill to supply pulp an
paper mills for a number of years, bu
it is held so high it does not meet with
a ready sale.
During the Summer of 1916 agents o
foreign governments investigated th
spruce supplies in this territory and
went so far as to figure on an order of
50.000,000 feet for aeroplane stock and
other utilities, but nothing came of lt
C. J. Bruschke. who died recently, was
the man who negotiated at this end
fpr the sale.
Another spruce contract, amounting
to 12,000,000 feet, is to be taken this
year from a point on the Coqullle River
about five miles west of the City of
Coquille. It will be worked up in saw
mills at Coquille and either be shipped
by rail or water.
The purchase of this timber tract, if
carried through successfully, means the
establishment of a large industry some
where on the Umpqua River that will
employ 6000 men.
A large deal of the same nature is
said to be closing in the northwestern
portion of Washington, and, although
the property is isolated, it comprises
quite aa large an area and as much
paper spruce. The price alleged to be
passing for the Washington deal is
$4,000,000. The same Eastern concern
is the purchaser, but operations there
will not be immediate.
WOHEX TO APPEAL TO WILSON FOR
Seattle Sympathiser Goes to Confer
With New. York Legislators to
Get Law Repealed.
NEW YORK. Jan. 25. Friends of
Mrs. Ethel Byrne, serving a 30-day
sentence for her activity in birth-control
propaganda, became alarmed today
by her stubborn refusal to eat and
drink and said they would appeal to
both President Wilson and Governor
Whitman. Mrs. Byrne has not touched
food or drink since 8 o'clock last Mon
A physical examination of Mrs. Byrne
showed that her heart action was nor
mal after 50 hours of fasting, but she
was losing weight.
Mrs. Byrne's attorney announced to
day that he would endeavor to have the
State Legislature amend the law which
prohibits circulation of literature re
lating to birth control. The first step
was taken today, when Mrs. Lillian
Fassett, secretary of the Birth-Control
League of Seattle, Wash., started for
Albany to confer with legislators.
She will be joined tomorrow by other
friends of Mrs. Byrne and the tatter's
sister. Mrs. Margaret Sanger, who is
facing trial here on a similar charge.
Mrs. Fassett, a college graduate, came
to New York from Seattle to assist the
Progress of the War.
rpHB big battle between the Germans
JL and Russians over the frozen Tlrul
marsh southwest of Riga continues un
abated. Further progress for the Ger
mans along both sides of the Aa River
Is reported by Berlin, which claims an
advance over a front of about six miles
and the capture of Russian fort po-
itions, together with 14 officers and
714 men and 13 machine guns.
Fetrograd admits that southeast of
the river the Russians have had to
fall back a third of a mile, but says th
attacks by the Germans on the marsh
Aside from this battle, the fighting
in the various other theaters continues
to be carried out mainly by the artil
lery and small reconnoiterlng and raid
ng parties. In Roumania the extreme
ly cold weather has virtually put an
nd to tne operations or the moment.
Lively fighting has taken place on
the lamous uead Man Hill in tne Ver
un region of France, but no detail
f it have been made public Reciprocal
artillery duels, which have reached
considerable proportions at , several
points, are being fought from the Swiss
frontier to the North Sea.
The British treasury, under the de
fense of the realm act. .will shortl
requisition such foreign securities held
n Great Britain as may be required
to strengthen the country's financial
The British labor conference at Man
Chester, by a vote of more than 3 to
has gone on record as being agalns
an immediate offer of peace proposal
COLLEGE REPORT IS MADE
(Continued From First Paaje.)
believe is an unnecessarily large num
ber of people for an economic adminis
tration." It is stated as the belief of the
committee that the millage tax Is en
tlrely adequate to carry on the wor
of that school, as well as to make the
improvements suggested, and to provid
for other buildings that may be neces
sary from time to time.
Agricultural College Landed.
In malting general recommendation
for the Agricultural College it is stat
ed that the school is in most excellent
The committee expresses the belie
that the college needs a new building
for library purposes and that the insti
tution has not sufficient facilities to
carry on the domestic science work.
Inspection of rhe Monmouth Normal
School convinced the committee that
the institution does not employ an excel-,
number of instructors and that
the salaries paid in every Instance are
The town of Monmouth is found to
afford very limited facilities for prac
tice work and that President Acker
man, considering the limited means at
his command, is accomplishing most
"We are of the opinion, in the light
of the foregoing facts, it is unwise for
the state to spend further sums in the
construction- of buildings at the Mon
mouth Normal and that there is but
one city in the state of Oregon of suf
ficient size to warrant the state in en
deavoilng to build up an ideal lnstltu
tlo: of this character sufficient to ac
commodate the necessary number of
students and furnish the requisite num
ber of children for practice work, con
cludes the report.
2-YEAR TERM IS GIVEN
fContlnued From First Pane.i
showing an increase in the cost per
pupil in Portland schools of late years
after the adoption of the two-group
plan. This gain was explained in vari
ous ways; in fact the gain In cost per
pupil in all schools of the city was
shown to be $2.72, due to increasing
cost of materials, and the fact that
lessened attendance at the grade
schools has not reduced the overhead
organization cost materially. The new
schools, too, have swimming tanks and
other more elaborate facilities than
was the case In former years.
Some opposition to the two-group
plan was said to be felt by teachers.
Mr. Lockwood declared that a teacher
had just asked him to transfer her to
another Bchool, as she had heard the
two-group system was to be installed
where she was and she did not like it.
"Why doesn't she speak to the super
intendent and he will no doubt place
her in another Bchool?" asked Director
Superintendent Alderman assured the
Board this was so and said the new
plan would not be Introduced into any
school where the principal was op
posed to its adoption. The Board voted 1
for the new system as promising great- 1
Entire Third Floor.
I sell to men the best clothes
that can be made at the price
best in style, best in quality,
best in workmanship.
The man who spends fifteen
dollars for a suit or overcoat
is entitled to the same consid
eration as the man who spends
forty dollars; he receives it
Hundreds of fifteen-dollar gar
ments are displayed see them,
Morrison at Fourth
STRIKE BILL READY!
Senate Committee Agrees on
TRESPASS IS FORBIDDEN
liaiv Does Not Penalize Strikes, but
Provides Penalties for Going;
on Railroad Property to Pre
vent Moving of Trains.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 25. After sev
eral weeks' consideration the Senate
interstate commerce committee tonight
practically agreed on railroad legisla
tion supplemental to the Adamson law.
Chairman Newlands expects to intro
duce the measure this week.
As now framed, the bill would not
forbid a strike or lockout, but would
make it a criminal offense for a strik
ing railroad employe to trespass on
railroad property with a view to pre
venting, by violence, intimidation or
threats, the operation of trains. A fine
of $100 or imprisonment for six months
Ire the penalties for violation of this
provision. Chairman Newlands Baid it
would not apply to picketing and the
use of peaceful persuasion by strikers.
The committee has incorporated a
section declaring nothing in the bill
shall be construed to annul the pro
visions of the Clayton act exempting
it's the talk of bare facts j
I the town the laid bare I
sensation of the truth :
years. as it is.
I Only Two J
ti , hi... I
uixyvt fiuic, i a
, Go- Today. " I
. wim , a
1 . o mmm, 8
1 ri J
H I I n. - . II
in i i h
i u ti u
H tomorrow hurry ' L J Mary Miles Minter U
labor and other organizations from the
operation of the anti-trust statutes.
Work on the military necessity fea
ture of the bill virtually was concluded
tonight, and the authority to be given
the President will be confined to the
taking over and operating "such part
of" a railroad or its equipment as is
necessary to move troops or munitions
in time of war, -threatened war, or in
surrection. Suggestions that it be ex
tended to include cases of emergency
in times of peace were voted down.
COUGAR LEAPS INTO SLEIGH
Idaho Men Have Unwelcome Pas
senger In Woods.
OROFINO. Idaho, Jan. 25. (Special.)
Fred Crocker and Robert Shumaker
had a hair-raising experience early this
week while driving through a stretch
of timber to the Park country, when a
large cougar Jumped into the back end
of their sled.
Fresh meat had recently been hauled
In the sled and .t is thought the ani
mal cented it.
As the sled passed a large tree over
hanging the roil the cougar dropped
in he rear of the sled, but almost in
stantly made his escape. .
BISHOP DEMANDS VICTORY
W ilson s Suggestion Alluded to as
LONDON, Jan. 25. The Bishop of
Sheffield, presiding at the diocesan con
ference today, and making reference to
President V ilson s address, said he be
lieves with his whole heart in ultimate
and complete victory in the war.
He had no belief whatever in peace
without victory. It was a "positively
ludicrous impossibility, he said.
HUNGARY IS MODERATE
PREMIER WOI LD MAKE TERMS AC
CEPTABLE TO ENEMIES.
Resistance, However, Will Be Contin
ued ao Look aa Entente Alms at
LONDON, Jan. 25. Reuter's Amster
dam correspondent sends a Budapest
dispatch giving the reply of Count
Stephen Tlsza. the Hungarian Premier,
to a question put by a member of the
opposition party in Parliament con
cerning President Wlleon's address to
"Pursuant to our peaceful policy be
fore the war and our attitude during
the war, as well as our recent peace
action," Count Tisxa is quoted as hav
ing said, "we can only greet with sym
pathy every effort aiming at the resto
ration of peace. We are therefore in
clined to continue a further exchange
of views regarding peace with the
United States Government.
"In view of the fact that President
Wilson in bis address makes certatn
distinctions between our reply and our
enemies' reply, I must especially state
that the quadruple alliance declares it
is Inclined to enter into peace negotia
tions, but that at the same time it will
propose terms which, in its opinion,
are acceptable for their enemy and cal
culated to eerve as a basis for a lasting
"On the other hand, the conditions of
peace contained in the enemy's reply to
the United States are equivalent at
least to the disintegration of our mon
archy and of the Ottoman empire. This
amounts to an official announcement
that the war alms at our destruction
and we are therefore forced to resist
with our utmost strength so long as
this ta the war aim of our enemies."