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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 19, 1917)
THE MORNING OREGOXIAX, FRIDAY, JANUARY 19, 1917.
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PORT LAN r. FRIDAY. JAXCAKY 19, 1917,
ADVERTISING A CAUSE.
Herbert Parsons, who enjoys no
small prestige as a Republican -with
progressive ideals and tendencies and
with practical ideas of political -organization
and service a rare com
bination writes to the New York
Evening Post a meaty letter on the
pertinent subject of money In elec
tions. Mr. Parsons justifies the use of
money in open ways "to get out the
vote" on the ground that the fellow
who lives near the polling place has
otherwise a distinct and recognizable
advantage over the voter who lives
far away. It is absurd, he also de
clares, to make the limit of expendi
ture in a contest for United States
Senator the same In New York as in
One may not be so sure about that.
It appears to be possible, and even
customary, to spend more money for
a Senatorship in a state like Nevada
or Montana or Colorado than in the
great Eastern states. It is true enough
that the method has changed with
direct election of Senators, and it is
also true that the opportunities for
entirely legitimate outlays have now
been vastly enlarged. It costs thou
sands of dollars nowadays to send a
circular letter to the voters of a state;
it cost formerly only a few dollars
to write to legislative members. It
costs large sums to maintain separate
polttlcal organizations in each county;
it cost much or little formerly to set
up a headquarters at the state capital.
It depended on what the candidate in
tended to do. But if there was to be
no corrupt purchase of legislators, the
outlay, need not have been great. W(S
have a notion, for example, that the
campaign for Senator" Lodge's recent
re-election was more expensive than
all his previous elections put together.
Mr. Parsons approves the Federal
plan to limit all individual contribu
tions to $5000, and he thinks the cor
porations will also approve. It is
curious to note that the sharpest
criticism of modern campaign meth
ods is directed toward the advertising
rolumns of the newspapers. Note the
The greatest future danger of money
spending, however, is not money spent to
get out the vote, hut money spent, in ac
cordance with the precedent established this
year, for newspaper advertising. If that
Is not legislated aeninst at once, it will be
something very difficult to correct, because
the newspapers will not favor its correction.
The custom will tend to make campaigns
always approach the limit, and, therefore,
regularly very expensive. People do not
realise how serious a matter this is. They
do not realize how they are affected by ad
vertising and, therefore, how money spent
in that way pets them. Newspaper adver
tising would probably not defeat an extra
ordinary man who could not afford it. but
between men of anything like equal ability,
money spent In that direction is going to
place at a great disadvantage the man who
cannot afford to spend it. - Nor Is. it any
answer to say that the news columns are
open In case of any unfairness. Newspaper
advertising is done at the last. It is very
conspicuous more conspicuous than news
columns unless they be first-page headlines.
The answer of the opposing candidate, un
less possibly he bo a Presidential candidate,
is not first-page headline stuff. The only
way he can securo equal publicity for his
side Is to buy as much advertising space
himself. The man with wealth and wealthy
friends here has an enormous advantage.
Here is a frank admission that the
most powerful weapon any candidate
or party may use is the advertising
rages of the newspapers, and . Mr.
Parsons protests against it. During
tho recent Presidential campaign both
the National committees took large
space in the Now York papers, and in
some others, to make their appeal to
the public. It was a noteworthy de
parture from old methods and it was
in strict harmony with the new polit
ical spirit and method. The only
thing to be said against it is the ex
. pense. If large use of papers is made;
the argument for it is that it is demo
cratic, direct, public, honorable, edu
cative and resultful.
A Presidential campaign is a great
.affair. It means to the Nation some
thing more than the mere election of
one candidate over another. Any
means taken to stimulate the public
interest, and to enlighten and inform
the voters as to the merits or de
merits of a party's cause, is National
benefit. A republio lives by the pa
triotic and Intelligent interest of its
people In Its affairs; a party which
takes Its eause openly to them de
serves well at their hands.
In James Morris Morgan's "Recol
lections of a Rebel Reefer," published
in the Atlantic Monthly, this passage
uommoaore xngranam. to whom I re
ported, was the man who some years pre
viously, wnen in command or the llttl
sloop of war St. Louis. In the port of
Smyrna, had bluffed an Austrian frigate
and compelled her to surrender Martin
Kotxa, a naturalised American citizen, whom
they held as prisoner. Thla act made In
graham the idol of the people at that time
If repeated In thla day (1016) it would cost
an onicer ms commission.
Yes, Indeed; times have changed.
The policy of scuttle, sidestep, dodge
and safety first has taken the place
of that which made Ingraham the
Idol of the people. Of course, Ingra
ham a conduct was decidedly lrreeru
lar, but In those days the mind of the
people and of the Government was
on the main point, which was the
maintenance of the rights of the
United States as personified in its citi
zens, and Irregularities In method
were overlooked, provided the end was
In these days, when American
soldiers fight valiantly to repel
attack, as at Carrlzal, we politely ask
the offending nation to return the
bodies of the dead, the prisoners and
their property, and then say no more
about It- When American citizens are
surrounded by a furious mob, as at
Tamplco, we withdraw our warships
lest they get into a fight, and we? leave
the work of rescue to British and Ger
man ships. When the refugees com'
plain of this desertion, they are met
with the retort, "Aren't you glad
Mr. Morgan's comment suggests
that the safety first policy of the
Democracy of 1916 does not commend
itself to the -survivors of that Democ
racy -which fought in 1861. But in
these days we have a new Democracy
which dare not bluff anybody Into
respect for an American citizen's
rights. Under such an Administration
we ought indeed to be glad that we
are merely alive.
Mr. George Perkins and Mr. Everett
Colby may or may not be justified in
their high-horse resentment at the ac
tion of the National Republican Ex
ecutive Committee In naming a gen
tleman from Iowa, a Mr. Adams, as
their vice-chairman. Mr. Adams may
be a black-hearted reactionary, or he
may be the rainbow-hued apotheosis
of the Iowa idea of a real Progressive.
We do not know. We confess candid
ly that we never before heard of him.
But he seems to have been a person
of enough consequence to reopen the
breach between the regulars and the
Progressives; and nothing more could
be asked of anybody, if one Is to ac
cept the view that a split Is desirable.
We do not accept such a view. Ob
viously, if the Republican party is to
exist, there must be harmony between
the two wings. The way to harmonize
is to harmonize, and not for one side
to set up a scheme to capture the or
ganization and to dispossess and set
aside the other.
Not long ago a group of distin
guished Progressives made an appeal
to the Republican organization to con
tinue the plan of representation on
the National committee adopted for
the recent campaign six Progressives
and ten regulars on the executive com
mittee. It was a reasonable request
more than reasonable. A demand for
equal representation would not have
been unreasonable; but It was not
Now a new row is under way. The
Old Guard appears to think that the
Progressives have no alternative but
to return to the party. They are mis
taken. TAGOKK AND 18.
Sir Rabindranath Tagore appears to
be more peeved because the American
people laugh at his clothes than at his
poetry. Perhaps it is not wholly ac
curate to say that the verse of the
distinguished Indian excites the Amer
ican risibles. The people who read it
do not laugh at it, for reading it is a
very solemn business, a sacred rite
with a considerable cult which is seek
ing a new literary and artistic thrill;
and those who do not read it nearly
everybody find other occasions for
We frankly sympathize with the
sensitive Tagore about his clothes,
and we submit meekly to his gentle
sneer at our own dress. The East
Indian has dressed as Tagore has
dressed for thousands of years, while
trousers are a modern invention: and
we shall not attempt to say what the
amazing and incomprehensible variety
of women's dress or undress Is ex
cept that it is far, far from the fash
ion as practiced in the Garden of
Kden, or from the flowing garments
those stately Roman matrons wore.
Nor can we recall anything like It In
ne pictures we often see of our sainted
Puritan ancestors, in the female line.
Yet Tagore ought not to be sur
prised at the curiosity he stirred up
when he appeared in an American
crowd. His practical-minded coun.
trymen, when they invade American
soil, usually don American clothes,
keeping only the characteristic tur
ban and the neat whiskers. Let him
imagine a trousered American or Eng
lishman on the East Indian frontier.
He would not bo passed by unnoticed
or without smiles if the native In
dians ever smile.
Let us hope Tagore took awav a
fairly good opinion of us, for beneath
our uncouth garb there beat a hun
dred million friendly hearts. Our im
migration laws do not even put the
ban on Indian poets.
A few years ago the idea prevailed
among legislators at Olympia that
improvement of the Pacific High
way between Chehalis and the
Clarke County line would bene
fit chiefly the city of Portland.
Yet It is probably true that last year
more automobiles traveled over that
indifferent stretch of road than over
any similar length of road In the state
of Washington and that just as many
automobiles traveled north as south.
It Is now probable that the Washing
ton Legislature will appropriate $570.-
304 for the lower Pacific Highway.
But the more Intelligent understand
ing manifested at Olympia is only
one phase of a wholesome lesson. The
sum to be expended by the state of
Washington on the one road exceeds
by more than $100,000 the sum raised
by state tax levy in Oregon in the
last two years for all roads. It is
$130,000 more than Oregon will have
available for all roads In the next two
years, unless the Legislature now
sitting at Salem devises new revenues.
It is a current habit In Oregon to
discuss reasons for the larger develop
ment that exists In its northern neigh
bor. Greater railroad mileage and
railroad favoritism have, through
constant use and familiarity, served
their purpose as argumentative rea
sons. Doubtless they have had an
Important Influence on the state of
Washington. But there Is another
element that works to the advantage
of the state. The people themselves
do things for their own benefit.
The sum to be expended on the
lower Pacific Highway Is only a por
tion of the proceeds that will become
available from the highway levy of
that state. Another allotment of
$378,286 goes to the Sunset Highway,
and there are numerous other large
apportionments of funds ranging from
$50,000 to $185,000. These expendi
tures mean still greater progress.
Oregon suffers from a general mis
conception of what is for the public
good. The state seems unable to get
away from class struggles and local
Jealousies when highways are under
consideration. The farmer Insists on
his road plan and is opposed by the
city dweller. The city dweller offers
his scheme and the farmer fights it.
Everybody knows that a state system
of highways that will serve every im
portant community cannot be financed
by any conceivable plan that does not
run over a course of years. Yet be
cause this locality or that locality
cannot discern Immediate benefit in
a proposed road programme it prefers
no programme at all rather than ac
cept that offered. The rural dweller
who willingly pays a tax of eight or
ten mills for construction of local
dirt roads in a shiftless manner, op
poses vigorously a state mill tax be
cause It will not be expended In front
of his farm. Yet In the long run he
probably would get more return from
th. mill . v .In 1. V 1 .."V, - At,-
mw iiiiii mm w pw aiiinajq men
he would receive from the ten-mill
road district tax.
The only way to get good roads Is
to adopt a general purpose and build
toward it. While' Oregon has been
bickering and dickering over roads
Washington has built them. The
Southwest Washington farmer, who,
likely as not, has been complaining
that he has had to contribute toward
construction of a road from Seattle
across the mountains or around the
Olympic peninsula, finds that his turn
has now come.: If in 1912, instead of
trying to solve the road problem by
voting on a half dozen initiated bills
and amendments which were In con
flict with each other, the people had
got together on a definite road pro-,
gramme, the difference between Ore
gon and Washington development
would not now be so pronounced.
A comprehensive road system must
have a' beginning. Somebody will
have to wait. But the waiting will be
prolonged and indefinite if everybody
insists that that beginning shall be
at his door, or be accomplished ac
cording to his particular fancy.
colovel xrr on sqctrrels.
PORTLAND, Jan. IS. (To the Editor.)
We have your editorial "squib" of January
15. where you asked "What the Sfiulrrela
thought of the Mazamas hiking all of a cold
night up a mountain to see a glorious sun
rise?" Your writer has either never ventured any
further from his steam-heated apartment
than tho wilds of City Park, or else he is a
new brand of nature fakir. We would be
very curious and ask him, what kind of
squirrel would be abroad In five feet of
snow in the middle of January?
If he knew anything about the habits of
squirrels he would know that they, at least,
hibernate, and shut up for three months of
the year. LARCH MOUNTAIN NUT.
We are under obligations to Colonel
Nut for calling our attention to an
other glaring error of science. If It
were not tor observant persons science
would long ago have buffaloed us on
vaccination, horsehair snakes, the ath
letic potency of fishworm oil, and
many other things besides the habits
Science says the true squirrel does
not hibernate, and, of course. The Ore
gonlan, when It published the thought
ful article to which the correspondent
takes ' exception, did not have chip
munks but true squirrels in mind, but
carelessly reaied on book information.
If science is mistaken, here Is an
other opportunity for the common
folk of Oregon to right a great wrong.
If any other nuts have seen a squirrel
hibernating they ' ought to make it
known. It Is not right that even a
lowly rodent should be misrepresented
by intolerant science. Let the people
RECIPES FOR SUCCESS.
It is not strange that those who seek
advice on the subject of how to sue
ceed in life most often are hopelessly
confused by conflicting advice. . An
drew Carnegie, for example, says that
he owes his owr. conspicuous material
advancement to his ability to obtain
the services of other men, preferably
those "smarter than himself." Ben
jamin Kranklin has told us that If we
want an errand well performed we
should go ourselves; If we. are content
with a poor performance, we may
send someone else. Herbert Kaufman
tells his readers: "Don't do anything
which you can hire somebody else to
execute for you." And there died In
Chicago only the other day a streetcar
conductor who had accumulated a
fortune of $500,000 while working
steadily at his chosen occupation and
who left as one of the explanations of
his fortune the statement that he
never in his life had paid for having
anything done that he could do him
These counselors of the people illus
trate the folly of expecting too much
from a generality. In their efforts to
make an epigram they sacrifice an
important part of the substance. The
point is that the individual succeeds
by adopting the method best suited to
his own patricular sort of ability.
Andrew Carnegie -and Charles M.
Schwab possess the faculty of leader
ship, knowledge of human nature.
which it would be folly for them to
permit to go to waste. If either had
adopted as his life motto the principle
of not hiring anything done that he
could do himself he would have made
relatively slight progress In the world.
The streetcar conductor who made
half a million by paying close atten
tion to the nickels and by devoting his
spare time to seeking', good invest
ments in real cstatcw on the other
hand, probably was lacking in execu
tive ability. He showed his good sense
by sticking closely to the field 'for
which ho was fitted best.
A good many men who would have
succeeded measurcably as painstaking
plodders aro spoiled completely by
failure to recognize the fact that they
are not cut out for leadership. They
discard all the maxims relating to the
importance of little things, and con
sume their time in futile endeavors
to accomplish big ones for which they
have neither natural talent nor suit
able preparation. The result Is fail
ure and unhapplness, and not only
the Individual but the world Is the
There is no doubt that leadership
pays big. The Industrial organization
pays lavishly for It, but insists that It
shall be the real article. The reason
for this' Is its fundamental scarcity.
Meanwhile, as always has been the
case, the road for the larger propor
tion of the people Is the road of thrift
and industry. Kranklin wrote for the
masses of. the people, and he knew
his men. When he told them to plow
deep while sluggards sleep, he did not
mean for them to hire the plowing
done so long as their own time was
not profitably occupied.. He was lay
ing down a rule applicable to thou
sands, where one would find profit In
going about with his head In the
clouds, devoting his time to devising
schemes for execution by other men.
The beauty of Individual thrift is
that It does not unfit the born leader
for "higher things," If he develops
ability for them. Meanwhile, In prac
ticing It, he is not losing valuable time.
An Important phase of the cam
paign for trade expansion already en
gaging the attention of all nations Is
going to be the extension also of lin
guistic accomplishments. It goes al
most without saying that the sales
man or correspondent in the trade
field who Is able to conduct conversa
tion and letter-writing In the language
of the prospective customer will have
at least a shade the better of it in
the beginning. Upon this theory, the
nation most likely to profit by new
conditions would seem to be Russia,
whose people already have the gift
of tongues In a remarkable degree,
the explanation probably being that
anyone who can master the difficul
ties of Russian can learn anything.
The peoples of the Balkan states also
have the faculty of language, and
Germans and Scandinavians stand
high in the list. Italians and French
come next, and English and Ameri
cans are at the bottom. One of the
great surprises of the present wart
especially to the English, has been the
number of soldiers of other countries
who could speak their language, al
though they themselves were pretty
generally limited to the use of their
The experience of American chem
ical manufacturers in connection with
efforts to produce at home the oxalic
acid required in the United States is
typical of what may be expected from
foreign competition without restraint.
Prior to 1903 all the oxalic acid con
sumed in the United States came from
Germany, England. Norway and Bel
glum, the price ranging from 8 to 11
cents a pound. Then manufacture
was undertaken on a small scale in
this country and the foreign price
dropped rapidly to the neighborhood
of 5 cents, at which point the Ameri
can company was practically shut out.
whereupon the price rose again, and
upon the reopening of the American
works price was once more forced
down. Witlva duty of 2 cents a pound
the price was held for three years at a
little over 7. cents, at which Ameri
cans made about half the total con
sumed, and acted as a constant check
on the prices of the foreign-controlled
syndicates. The country consumes
nearly 10,000,000 pounds of oxalic
acid a year, and according to the
United States Government reports
about 3,000,000 of this is used by
laundries, the remainder in tanning,
cloth printing and various textile
England's Premier has himself set
tled the question whether a hyphen
should be used in printing his name.
The American public has long been
accustomed to seeing it both ways,
the weight apparently having been on
the side of the hyphen, and even the
English "Who's Who" gives currency
to the superfluous mark. According
to the Louisville Courier-Journal, that
newspaper has been trying for a long
time to print a hyphenless Lloyd
George, but the mechanical depart
ment would not have it so, while ex
amination recently of so important a
newspaper In London as the Times
showed a neutral disregard for tho
verities by printing it sometimes one
way and sometimes the other. A
proofreader on the New York Herald,
however, being determined to find the
answer, wrote to the Premier and
asked him to settle the discussion.
His answer was: "Write It D. Lloyd
George." It being recognized that a
man Is the final arbiter of the spelling
of his own name, this ought to put end
to all argument of tho question.
The Senate had a chance to do
something for economy by passing a
new bill to regulate public printing.
but It cut out provisions which would
have saved $400,000 and then shelved
the rest of the bill, which would have
saved $4 36,000 more. Congress loves
economy In the abstract, but hates It
In the concrete. If It would stop
printing unspoken speeches and would
severely limit the franking privilege
it would effect still further economy
and would do something to relieve the
famine of print paper, but the subject
is not even mentioned.
Two things are needed to ' bring
tourists to Oregon. One is to knock
out the $17.50 differential In pas
senger rates against the Pacific North
west; the hotelmen will attend t'o that.
The other is to advertise the scenery
and climate of this region; It is up
to the State Legislatures to 'attend to
that. The $25,000 asked from Oregon
would be returned many times In a
single year and the benefits would be
distributed all over the state by those
who first received them.
After hearing what the women of
Ltnnton had to say of the unsatisfac
tory jitney service "enjoyed" by that
suburb the City Commission should
trifle no longer with Irresponsible men
and should grant franchises only to
those who are willing and able to
give ample security for performance
of their obligations.
The bill to extend the recall to
school directors. If It becomes law,
will throw oil on the fire to make
proper blaze. A school district Is
the handiest place In the state In
which to develop a fight and the In
centlve of winning in a recall election
will be Joy to the trouble makers.
While the Legislature Is about the
business of amending the Port of
Portland charter. It should enlarge the
port district to Include all the con
nected waters of Portland harbor.
that there may be no further delays
in extending improvement as develop
If a steamer two days out from
Sydney, Australia, could pick up
wireless message from Germany, what
Is to prevent the German government
at Berlin from directing the opera
tions of the raider In the South Atlan
Tessie McNamara Is one more name
to be added to the list of American
women who have kept their wits and
risen to the occasion in times of dan
ger. All the heroes and heroines are
not In Europe.
Bishop Hughes must be mistaken. A
Methodist minister Is the very last
person one would hold as "loafing
on the Job. There would never be
spread of religion If he did.
The average man cannot under
stand why butterfat brings more than
the butter made from It- It Is the
"overrun," something like the foam
In the glass of soda-
American consumption of sugar Is
78.13 pounds per capita, which every
man and boy will declare proof that
girls are hogging the candy.
Rabindranath Tagore Is more than
a poet; he has sense. He says this
will be the greatest Nation on earth-
Come again, Rab.
The explanations of the causes of
war are all In; now let the letter-
writers and orators yield the floor to
The Alabama was a great raider.
but Winslow got her. So will a Brit
isher get the latest German raider.
Bills to punish a lazy husband miss
the mark. What is needed is some
thing to jar him Into working.
Naturally girls outnumber boys in
the park swimming tanks. Rivers and
sloughs are made for boys.
The Bavarians are put on short al
lowance even of beer: and doubtless
there are no more pretzels.
You've got to admire the nerve of
a man of 70 when lie takes a fourth
How to Keep Well
Br Dr. W. A. ETUh
Questions nertlcent to hvalene. sanitation
nd prevention of disease, if matters of gen
ral inl-r-et. will be answered In this col
imn. Where space will not permit or the
ubiert is not suitable letters will be per
sonally answered, subject to proper limita
tions and where stamped addressed envelope
Is inclosed, Dr. Evans will not make diagnosis
r prescribe for Individual diseases. rie
ueTs for uch services cannot be answered.
ICnnvrizht. li16. bv tjr. W. A. Kvans.
Pubiteried by arrangement with the Chicago
I e ". C. M. Powder.
SUBSCRIBER writes: "I was unfor
tunate enough to get la a hotel In
the loop, where I stopped a couple of
Ights, and got covered with body lice.
and it has cost me five suits of under
wear, and I don't know how to get
id of them. Can you tell me?"
The clothing should be fumigated with
ulphur. The municipal lodging-house does
this each night for its patrons. The best
powder for the body Is the X. C. M. powder.
It Is composed, of 96 parts napthalene, two
parts creosote and two parts magnesium
Sblngrles Net Serious.
E. A. H. writes: "I have a friend
who says (he has shingles. What are
hlnglee. and what causes them? Could
nythlng serious develop' from such
isease? She also always complains of
nausea. She says her pain is Just back
f the right ear. Could you suggest
Shingles Is a form of neuralgia character
ized by an eruption. Another name Is herpes.
It Is not a. serious condition. Nothing Bert
ous will develop from It. but It Is uncom
fortable.. The treatment consists In purga
tlon, starvation and local treatment, and
sometimes medicines for neuralgia. -
P. F. writes: "I am a girl 16 years
of age. I have been suffering from
asthma for 14 years. I have consulted
10 physicians without any relief. I
feel fairly well In the Summer, but as
soon as the cold weather comes I feel
bad. My bronchial tubes clog up and
have difficulty in breathing and can
not lie down in bed at nTght, but have
o sit up In a chair. I have a rapid
pulse and my hands and feet are always
cold. I have a good appetite and am
n good health otherwise."
T have known of some persons cured of
asthma by taking- Injections of vaccina.
have known of others in whom this remedy
failed. I have known of some persons cured
of asthma by going on a fruit and vegetable
Have Feet Examined.
Mrs. J. K. II. writes: "About a
m,onth ago the balls of my feet began
to get sore and now 7. can hardly
stand the -pain at times. Little or no
swelling Is nolceable and no calluses.
What Is the cause and remedy?"
Tt Is probable that you have worn tight
shoes until your arch or arohea nave given
down. It is poeatble that yon have rheuma
tism In the joints of the ball. The only
way to find out which is your troublo is to
have your feet examined.
J. 'C H. writes: "Is grapefruit health
ful? I supposed it was and was in the
habit of eating it before breakfast, but
have recently been told that Dr,
Woods Hutchinson says It Is not and
never should be eaten. 2. Is limburger
cheese healthful? 8. Which Is the most
nutritious of the following kinds of
nuts: Peanuts, almonde. filberts, pe
cans, English walnuts and brazil nuts,
Is It healthful to eat an apple just
1.- 3 and 4. Tea.-
a. One is richer In one food substance and
another in another. Therefore, yoar ques
tion cannot be answered. Nuts are nutritious
and healthy when eaten In combination with
W. J. R. writes: "I had a minor op
eratlon performed on my hand which
necessitated an anesthetic I chose
nitrous oxide, commonly called laugh
lng gas. Will you kindly state tbe
origination of the same, giving a gen
eral idea of the value of It as an an
esthetic? Why does it produce laugh
ter? Has it been discovered so fa
that any ailment results from Its use?'
Laughing gas is produced when ammonium
nitrate- is distilled. It consists of two part
nitrogen and one part oxygen combined, and.
therefore, differs somewhat from ordinary
air, which Is five parts nitrogen and one
part oxygen. It Is a valuable anesthetic.
producing anesthesia, by direct anion
the nerve cells and also Indirectly by ex
cluding oxygen. The brain cells made uncon
scious by the gas dream fanciful dreame and
aa these dreams are usually pleasant th
gas was nicknamed laughing gas. It Is th
safest of all the anesthetics. Potter say
there, are on record' only nine deaths from
laughing gas, though tt is glveft to 750,000
people a year. The only after effect Is
slight dlzzlneaa It Is generally given
produce brief anesthesia, sucfe as la needed
for pulling teeth and operations cn the nose.
However, muted with oxygen. It Is used for
prolonged anesthesia, for Instance. In ob
stetrics and In some major operations
surgery. Some anesthetists begin ether an
esthesia by giving? a mixture of laughlm
gaa and oxygen, switching to ether after the
patient has gone to sleep.
D. G. K writes: "Which Is the most
easily digested, popcorn popped In
lard. In butter, or dry?"
Z confess I did not know popcorn was over
popped In butter. I thought It was popped
and then buttered. I should say this Is tho
Mash Nutritions Food.
L. M. writes: "1. What harmful ef
fects might result from eating fried
cornmeal mush once a day to a person
in ordinary health, or to a person with
a tendency toward Bright disease
3. What Is the comparative nutrltlv
value of oleomargarine and creamery
1. There would be none provided th
quantity was not excessive. Fried mush Is
2. They have the same value for adults
and- 'perhaps also for children. Children
need a growth' principle found la milk and
butter. But oleomargarine Is always churned
In milk and It always oontaln soma butter,
the high grades a good deal.
The minister was preaching on littl
things, how great events from trlflin
causes sprint;, and an obiter dictum
was "Did you ever reflect that a sin
gle man was the father of the human
race'T Several members of the con
gregatlon subsequently assured each
other that they regarded Adam as mar
CHRISTIAN SYMPATHY IS NEEDED
tote-ranee Toward Divorced Persons
Is Criticised br Writer.
PORTLAND. Jan. 17. (To the Ed
itor.) Being a man without a pulpit.
wonder If you will allow me to an-
wer the article on divorce In The Ore-
After preaching for many years In
certain denomination (not the same
as the Rev. Jenkins'). I was divorced
ight years ago and stayed single over
seven years. The reasons and causes
f ray divorce are my business and
mine alone. Divorce Is not a thing to
e proud of, but also not a thing to
e generally condemned.
I preached la many churches after
my divorce and was considered a good
reacher, but when it came to accept
nce of a pulpit, the Question of being
divorced man always kept me out of
My own denomination In any official
way never raised the question. 1 was
never tried, censured or condemned, but
ust dropped out as far as any recognl
ion by officials In authority was con
The sufferings which a man under
goes who loves to preach and is unable
o do so because of criticisms and un
ust Judgments from men and women
who are supposed to help and not to
harm, are known only to God and the
one who suffers.
Many a decent, good woman takes
her maiden name simply to avoid senn-
dal and gossip raised when it Is known
he is a grass widow. Not all women
and men who pass through this ordeal
are bad by any means, but many de
serve the Christ-like sympathy of peo
ple who are willing to take them for
what they are and not what they have
We all make serious mistakes In this
world and want a second chance to
make good, and if the Church of Christ
fails in giving us the helping hand, to
whom shall we go?
The world Is suffering today from
too much ehurchianity and too little
Christianity. How we delight in quot-
ng the letter of the law and forget the
great spirit of the Master, who gave us
the greater and most helpful thing In
all the world, "Let him that is without
sin cast the first stone:
Experience is the only real teacher
n this world and no church or preacher
has the right to dictate the policy of
Jesus (jurist without the ability of
being able to put themselves In the
other fellows' place. "Just remember
those who are in bonds as bound with
My understanding of God is that he
put us Into this world to be bappy
first, last and all the time. For men or
women to make themselves miserable
because of mistakes is not my concep
tion of the great fundamentals of re
ligion. I was married to a very estimable
lady of this city four months ago and
the leading preacher who married us
did not ask a question of me Just
took me as I was. I take off my hat
to him as the highest example of a
class of people In all the world
need the sympathy, help, counsels and
real charity of Christian people so
much as those who have oassed
through the divorce problem, nnd all
honor to churches and preachers who
stand ready to give the helping hand
for a second chance.
If I understand the mind of Jesus
Christ, he came to minister, not to be
ministered unto, and divorced people,
who sometimes not of their own choosing-
are so placed, can find In him a
helper in every way. Let the church
wake up to the fact that love is the
greatest thing In the world, and not to
be administered with stuffed clubs or
ecclesiastical dogmas at any time.
DR. II. W. NTCE.
Km days past ArpROArm.G
It's Coins; o Be Pretty Ton Kb When
Bone Dry Gets to Work.
PORTLAND. Jan. 18. (To the Edi
tor.) The "bone-dry" bunch are at least
very considerate: They first dried us
out a bit and let ua bleach, lata at
night and over Sunday; then they gave
us the "rough dry" for the year 1916.
and now. as we are appearing to be
rounding Into form, they propose to
apply the hot Iron and dissipate every
last sign of moisture from our humble
bodies. Very considerate. Indeed! What
a shock would It have been were we
required to take the three degrees at
on time. Bnne dry? When they get
tbelr full plan In working order not
only will our bones be dry. but even
the marrow will be as the pith of rip
ened cornstalks, without a sign or re
semblance of moisture, except perhans
delicately shaded streaks of red or
amber hue. thus gently suggesting the
The "poor people" who were forced
to render a Just and Impartial decision
in the ease, were bambooaled and be
fuddled Into rendering an erroneous
Judgment without the facts being nron
erly and fully placed before them. Had
tins been oona and no other lrreiru-
larities naa been permitted, and said
Jury had been required to retire by
uiemseivea. without food or drink (ex
cept such odd half pints as bailiffs out
of tho goodness of their hearts mltrht
slip Into the Jury room), and they had
been required so to remain until a ver
dict had been arrived at, then I am
sure no such state of affairs would
now be existing. It Is doubtful If those
primarily responsible really annreclat
ea or foresaw the resulting condition.
It la really a calamity! No place to go
no place to meet. Like the lost arts.
nothing known to equal It and nothing
to take Its place. There's Mike's place.
Oley's place, Pete's .place. Gus' place
and Dinty"s place all out of place.
The gloomy and darkened doors reveal
not "the glad hand of entrv. or the
Jolting boot of exit, and might be lik
ened to tne devil rinh shorn of Its ten
tacles and can but mawkish v stare.
It Is decreed that liquor shall not be
brought Into the state for beverage
purposea uch an unequal condition.
Alcohol may be used as mechanical
energy while nothing Is provided to
accelerate the human pulse, and its
machinery Is allowed to remain inert
It may be employed in the arts, but not
a drop to restore the faded cheek or
the nasal glow. The pious may sip It
with ooramunlon bread, but "he crust
or tne sinner shall be allowed to lodge
In his fevered throat.
Alas! No more will Joy Juice prevail
In the land! No more , shall wo be
blessed with a social center from which
all wisdom flows. Political craft will
have no mooring, and banquets and
mutual admiration meetings will be
an impossibility. Friendships with
strong but liquid ties. wilL be severed.
Trials and troubles, aches and pains.
at convenient momenta will have no
standing. Even hunting and fishing will
lose meir attraction. The host, by
chance, at dinner parties, will lose his
casta No liquid harmony to smooth
the rasping tones, or bawdy acta at the
favorite grill or cabaret: or to add to
woman's charms of style, or face, or
form, or slant of eye! C. L Q.
Montavllln Baa Bfevr Flag;.
PORTLAND. Jan. Is. (To the Kdl
tor.) Has some one been saying that
our school flag here in Montavilla is
torn and braided or that a black flag
is flying from the flag staff? 1 Don't
you believe It! What we really have
is the most beautiful flag In the world
red. white and blue. Also it Is brand
new and was flung to the breeze for
the first time last Monday. The school
children, led by the principal. In a voice
that aided by the patriotic wind car
ried two blocks, repeated the flag sa
lute. Just have patience. "We're coming.
Father Abraham," If some of ua do
limp and lag a little at times.
SARAH HINDS WILDER.
January IT. 1917,
In Other Days
Half n Century At.
Prom The Oregonlaa of January IB. ls.
Among the acts of clemency pcr
formed by the Emperor of Russia on
the occasion of his son's marriage waa
a decree that persons condemned to
hard labor for life In the mines, of
Siberia shall be liberated after 12 yearn
of servitude from this date
We understand that the first of the.
series of approaching lectures, an
nounced to be given In this city, will be
delivered by John 11. Mitchell.
Washington. D. C. The President has
issued a proclamation calling attention
to the notification of the American
Legation, dated Japan. August 1. warn.
lng shipmasters to avoid ports not yet
During the past year the Government
has paid a front deal of attention to
soldiers' sravej and cemeteries. Th
whole number of bodies of Union sol
diers buried is 311. 670 at a total cost
One of the brightest lights of the
female sunrage movement Is Miss
Bessie Bisbee. of Boston, a woman oX
about 20 Summers.
Twenty-rive Tears Ago.
From The Oregonlan of January 19.
The Oregonian today issues its an
nual review edition. The edition is
replete with cuts and descriptive sto
ries relating the recent and past growth,
of tho city and state. More than L'000
new buildings were erected during th v
j ear- just enaea.
Washington. President Harrison, it
is said, will ask Congress for authority!
to send an ultimatum to Chill demands
lng an apology or fight. Senator Dolphi
has received a telegram from L. AL
Olmstead, of Baker City. Or, ask in si
for permission, in case of war. to raise
a regiment of cavalry. Mr. Olmstead
Is a veteran of the Civil War.
Carroll E. Hughes, of the Multnomah;
Athletic! Club, won the pigeon shoo
Ople Read has retired from the edix
torshlp of the Arkansas Traveler.
The safe In the S. Lip-man dry goo da
store was cracked Sunday night. Bm
tween 1500 and 12000 was taken. .
Job Smith, the capitalist, is very ill
at nis residence, Klfth street, between.
tt and l streets. Mrs. Smith also is ill,
The old oak tree at Kalem. under
which In I860 Colonel IS. D. Baker
delivered his memorable and eloquent
oration on the National holiday, has
yielded to. the march of progress and
recently was felled. It waa the Last of
tho famous grove of oaks at Salem.
A Maiden's Wants. J
Td want a man." the maid replied,
'Who'd take me for his chosen bride,
vot as his servant, slave or chef. 1
But as the equal of himself. '
Td want a home all clean and neat.
Wherein our friends could often meet
f or pleasures mild and pleasures true.
Where helpful deeds came Into views.
Td want to do my share of work.
I would not want a man to shirk;
i a want to reel that I could speak!
My thoughts to him and not crow
From flrght or overbearance.
Td want to have enough of money;
That I'd not have to grrovol any
For want of clothes and food to eat.
Nor for a pleasant place to sleep.
"A home I'd want that was a home.
And not four walls to which I'd come,
At close of day. when I was tired.
Just as though I had boon hired.
"A home I'd want, with husband dear.
Who'd always speak with words oc
A place to us a safe retreat
From all vexations that we'd meet.
"A home with books and papers, too
And children dear when they came duel
These Joys are found In all homes true
So why not bring them home to you 7
"Id like to have an auto fine -To
ride In when the sun did shin;
But such as this I could eschew
If I could bring myself to you." j
I. M. J.
Greater Democracy In Britain.
PORTLAND. Jan. IB. (To the Ed
tor.) Nearly a hundred years ago the.
Duke of Wellington said? "If we eve
have another revolution In Great Brit
ain It will be toy act of Parliament.
His prophecy may be vindicated, but
recent events In the United Kingdom
show that what Is near a political rev
olution is developing. It in belnK con
summated In the orderly British way.
but from what we can gather of the
situation, David Lloyd George will be
a virtual dictator, and the council of
a half dozen men over which ho win
preside will be as much of an ollgarchy
as was Oom Paul and his Cabinet in.
fretona in tne anieoeuum aay.
the Transvaal was Independent.
But to do Justice to the British. It la
the stress and exigencies of the world
war that brings the developments of
the period. After the war Great Britain
will be more than ever democratic
The franchise will be more general,
and never again will the proletariat,
the millions of men nad women who
were so mlserabky poor In the old days,
consent to resume the conditions of
pauperism. The war has given the
proletariat a taste of good things, of
comfort, that It did not know (in the
old days), existed.
But they are great men who hold
the helm in Britain Mr. George and
his associates who govern and If an
oligarchy for the moment, they will
never forget their responsibilities or
British tradition. MIKE O'TOOLE,
17 Thirteenth Street.
Our Massive Link of Steel,
By James Barton Adams.
The great Paclflo highway link
spans the Columbia now, and soon it
will put on the blink the ancient
ferry scow. Tho varnished Portland
cars will come sklhootln' o'er the tide
and trip that once was beastly bum
will be a joyous ride. No longer can
the Icy floes our river transit block
and cause the boat to keep her nose
Jammed up against the dock, while
pasaengers who fain would cross stand
on the ahore and freeie and in their
indignation toss raw language to the
breese. It will no longer Jam Into
the bowels of a bar and stick while
language of the crew is heated above
par, while passengers the cabins pace
and angry thoughts express ic .lan
guage 'twould be out of place were
provocation less. When on. the Ore
gonian side the primitive old ark Is to
her flatboat landing tied and people
disembark no Ion kit will there be a
burst of speed with -might and main
to see which one will be the first
to board the Portland train. When
these dire ills have passed away In
to the used-to-be we'll ever bless tho
happy day that from them set ua free;
then to volcanic outbursts wo will
evermore be dumb; profanity will
surely be brought to the minimum,
and as we glide rrom brink to brink
where once v.re used to float we'll try
our darndeat not to think of that o!4