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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 12, 1917)
THE MORNING- OREGONIAJN, FRIDAT, JANUARY 12, 1917.
FOE OF COMPULSION
Suspension of Railway Men's
Right to Strike Pending
i Arbitration Opposed.
MILITARY CLAUSE PUZZLE
tentlary. lie said the burning area re
sembled a. gigantic display of fire-
Works. As hundreds of huge shells ex
ploded, the flaming metal soared sky
ward to a great height, emitting
myriads of sparks like giant sky
"I don't want to see any more fire
works as long as I live," he said, over
Can t you hear the explosions now?
Listen, there they go. The walls are
shaking badly and broken glass is fall
ing with every explosion."
The warden said the alarm was given
to persons in the Snake Hill neighbor
hood by 500 negro employes of the
plant, who were running for their lives
and shouting to everybody to leave the
Aaylnm Patients in Terror.
It was said that unless searching par
ities were organized promptly there
would be no estimating how many
4t '- iff"
fai.. ,.- I
GOVERNOR CURBS iBGipn-riTn-i-. ir-vr- !
IB IN KENTUCKY Hfs.
I nnt t i !
Executive's Firm Stand Pre
vents Violence by Men Bent
on Killing Ofticials.
TOWN'S CITIZENS SOBERED
Extent of Proposed Powers to Be I
Vested In President Not Known
to Senate Committeemen,
Who End Pnblic Hearings.
vTASHINGTON, Jan. 11. Public hear
ings on the railroad legislation recom
mended by President Wilson to supple
ment the Adamson law were concluded
by the Senate commerce committee to
night and tomorrow consideration of
what measures shall be put before the
eenate for action will begin.
Bills on which the hearings have
Been conducted include one to forbid
strikes or lockouts during investiga
tion of controversies between railroad
employers and employes; another giv
ing the President authority to take
over the railroads in case of military
necessity, and a third to give the In
terstate commerce Commission power
10 nx railroad wages as well as rates.
Gompen Opposes CompulNlon
Samuel Gompers. president of the
American Federation of Labor, the last
witness before the committee, pro
tested strongly against any measure to
compel arbitration of disputes between
employer and employe and said to his
mind a measure which suspends dur
ing investigation the right to strike is
but a step that will be followed by
others toward driving the workers back
Into involuntary servitude.
Senator Cummins asked Mr. Gompar's
what he would do if he were clothed
with all the power of government and
a strike, peaceful, but effective in tying
up all transportation, had become
Xon-Interference Is Favored.
"I would not interfere." he replied, mi&ht die- as 11 would be impossible
it tne power or government was in
Address in Courtroom Lines T7p
Public Sentiment People En-
jfc, raged Because Judge Put
O. Stanley, Governor of Kentucky,
Who Curbed Mob by GoIhk in Per
' iod to Scene of Rlotlns.
me. I. with my concepts and love of
American freedom and American hopes,
would not interfere even though there
was some inconvenience and suffering.
The railroad men are not barbarians
the railroad managers, I do not believe,
are barbarians. 1 have no doubt that
there would be. an adjustment of the
Mr. Gompers said an act providing
lor investigation of railroad contro
versies but not forbidding a strike or
lockout and which provided for pub
lication of the results of the investiga
tion through advertising paid for by
the Government could not be objected
to, but from it ho could "anticipate no
Military Clause fiot Vnderstood.
"W. N. Doak, vice-president of the
Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen,
asked the committee earlier in the day
if it interpreted the military necessity
bill to give the President power to
draft railroad workers so that it might
be used to end a strike as such power
was used in France several years ago.
"I don't think." said Senator Cum
mlns, "that any member of the com
mittee knows whether it would give
eueh power. I have asked myself that
An effort will be made tomorrow to
nave the Senate adjourn over until
Monday so as to permit uninterrupted
executive sessions of the committee.
for those lost in the darkness to find
their way out of the meadows.
The asylum buildings about two miles
from the scene of the fire were being
shaken intermittently, he said.
Dr. King said there are 900 patients
in the asylum and that at the height of
the terrific cannonading the inmates
were in constant terror. He asserted
they believed the world was coming to
an end and were calmed only after they
had been assured that peace had been
declared, the war was over and that
they had nothing more to fear.
Railway Traffic Suspended.
It was necessary to suspend all traf
fic on the Boonton branch of the
Lackawanna Railroad, where tracks
run within 300 yards of the burning
plant. As this occurred in the rush
hour, it was estimated by an official
of the line that about 1000 commuters
were held up by the delay.
An official of the Erio Railroad said
that although their tracks nearest the
plant were a mile away, windows in
their trains were smashed by the force
of the concussion of the first explosion.
Off Trial or Xegro.
MURRAY, Ky., Jan. 11. Re-estab
lishment of law and order through the
personal efforts of Governor Stanley,
of Kentucky, continues here tonight.
after a periods of excitement that at
one time threatened the destruction of
Circuit Judge Charles Bush and Com
monwealth Attorney Denny Smith at
the hands of a mob which had become
angered because the trial of Lube
Martin, a negro, charged with the mur
der of Guthrie Duiguid, a white man,
had been deferred.
After a turbulent night. during
which the mob threatened to dyna
mite a hotel, the refuge ofthe Jucfee,
Governor Stanley came to Murray to
plead with the crowd for the preserva
tion of rder. His presence early in
the day sobered the citizens and his
later address to a throng in Judge
Bush's courtroom lined up public sen
timent with him. His declaration that
he had come fo Murray to uphold the
law and protect the court "with mv
body If necessary" moved a. brother of
the man the negro was charged with
killing openly to Indorse bis appeal.
Before noon the Governor aDDarentlv
dominated the situation and ehortlv
thereafter left the city on a special
tram with the Judge and the prose-
SOUND CITIES VICTORS
The Linen Sale
Featuring for Friday the Great
SWISS WANT SEA SAFETY
EXEMPTION OK OWN SHIPS FROM
NOTED EDUCATOR TO SPEAK
J. Adams Puffer, of New York, Is
Billed for Address to Teachers.
J. Adams Tuffer. of New Tork.
noted educator and authority on the
topic of vocational education, will visit
Portland today and tomorrow. Super
Intendent Alderman has proposed a
ceneral meeting of teachers in the
auditorium of the Lincoln High School
at 4 o'clock this afternoon, where Mr.
Puffer will speak if it can be arranged.
It is also hoped to arrange for a vo
cational institute on Saturday morn
ing, at which teachers, supervisors and
all interested in educational matters
xnav attend. ' While here Mr. Puffer
KXCl nSION RATES VIA SAN" FRAN
CISCO HELD IXEftUlTABLE,
Government freed to Open l'ecot!a
tiona With Germany o Food May
Be Imported "Without Lom,
GEXBVA, via Paris. Jan. 11. The
weue iuncner z.eiiung, which is sup
ported by several other leading Swiss
newspapers, demands that the govern
ment open negotiations with Germany
to secure a guarantee that German sub
marines will not attack vessels undtr
the Swiss flag, Switzerland at the same
time to give a guarantee that the ves
sels shall carry only foodstuffs, espe
cially cereals, for use in Switzerland.
This step is desired, the newspaper
says, because the problem of feeding
will be shown the Portland schools and not only the Swiss people, but a large
he will undoubtedly be especially in- number of Interned prisoners nd ref
terested in the vocational work carried ugees from all nations, daily is becom
on here. ing more acute.
A riisnatrTi fmm n.,.a A : f vnif
EXPLOSION PROVES FATAL kaV? a PrJe for the purchase by the
Railroad Ordered to Charge No More
for Excursion From Seattle and
Tacoma Than From Portland.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington, Jan. 11. The' Interstate Com
merce Commission today held that the
Great Northern, Northern I'acific and
other round-trip, all-year excursion and
Summer excursion passenger fares from
Seattle and Tacoma to Chicago and
other Eastern points, with return by
way of San Francisco and Portland,
ara unjustly discriminatory to the ex
tent that they exceed the round-trip
fares over the same route from Port
land to the East by way of the Sound
cities and return by San Francisco.
The decision is based on complaints
filed by the transportation bureaus of
the Seattle and Tacoma Chambers of
Round-trip fares to Chicago, by the
Northern routes, are the same from
Portland, Seattle and Tacoma, but when
the ticket reads by way of San Fran
cisco in one direction the fare from
Seattle is 15.60 over the Portland fare,
and from Tacoma $4.35 over Portland.
The commission points out that the
Portland passenger may travel through
Tacoma and Seattle on the going trip
and return via San Francisco, or re
verse the circuit, for $128. A Tacoma
passenger covering this identical route
must pay $132.45, and a Seattle pas
In view of the fact that passengers
from all three cities travel the same
route, the commission holds that the
trin fare from all three cities
fhnuiri he the same, and an order Is
entered directing the carriers on and
after March 15 to charge no more for
.n.,.tr n tlckstr. irom heatiie ana
T.mo than from Portland if routed
hv wav. of San Francisco in one dlrec-
J I . . . I .k.Am-
irtT, Thu excursion taiea nt. mc-
selves are not snown to De unreason
GREECE ACCEPTS TERMS j
Large Crochet Spreads, $1.50 0
Full size, closely woven, medium weight, large assortment of
floral and Marseilles patterns. Hemmed ends.
Large Crochet Spreads, $2.00
Extra weight, fine, close weave, heavy raised scroll and floral
designs. For full-size beds.
Satin Finish Spreads, $3.00
Fine weave, satin finish, good medium weight, in attractive floral
and plain center designs. Full size.
Scalloped Bed Spreads, $3.50 '
Full size, satin finish, closely woven finish, in large variety of -figured
and scroll patterns, cut corners.
Scalloped Bed Spreads, $4.25
Satin finish, cut corners. ' An extra quality spread, in new raised
floral and conventional patterns. Full size. .
Scalloped Bed Spreads, $5.00
Large size, superior quality, satin finish, in heavy raised designs,
in great variety.
Odd and Soiled Bed Spreads
Clean-Up at $1.00 to $11.75
Bed spreads of every weave and make, all white and colors,
single, three-quarter and full sizes. Perfect spreads that will come
out like new with one washing. Secfnd Floor.
I J Merchandiso cf Merit Uny
(Continued From First Page.)
flames. Dense black smoke covered
the countryside for miles.
Buildings Shaken for Two Mllea.
Buildings within a radiU3 of two
miles were shaken and almost all their
windows were shattered. Many struc
tures were badly damaged by falling
shells and several were set on fire.
There was a literal reign of terror
throughout Union Township, In which
the plant is situated. Sheriff's Depu
ties and police from Kingsland, Lynd
hurst, Rutherford, East Rutherford and
other places surrounded the plant and
gradually spread out for a distance of HOME CONFERENCE REGARDED AS
two miles in all directions, warning the
Swiss government of
steamships to enable the government to
bring in the nation's food supply under
tne protection or tne Swiss flag had
been taken up by the federal council.
Several days later another dispatch
from Berne said the Swiss government
had directed its commercial depart
ments to charter a number of neutral
steamers exclusively fqr Swiss importa
tions from the United States and Ar-
ENTENTE IS IN HARMONY
npi.lVKRY OF BATTERIES OF AR
TILLERY IS BEGUN.
residents of their peril.
Within an hour after the fire started
the highways were filled with refugees
of all ages. Many of the women carried
babies- and others were pushing baby
Flaming; Metal Soars Skyward.
Warden Kelly gave a vivid descrip
tion of the conflagration, of which he
had an excellent view from the peni-
r Cured by a Simple Remedy.
Columbus, Ga. "I am telling every
noay wnai vinoi nas aone for my
husband. He had a bronchial cough
his system was run-down and I
felt sure he would die. His father
insisted on his trying Vinol, and I
am so thankful he did, because it
cured his cough and built him up.
My doctor highly recommends it and
eaid he could not take anything bet
ter." Mrs. Thomas Monk.'
Vinol, you know, contains beef and
cod liver peptones, iron and manga
nese peptonates and glycerophos
phates. It enriches and revitalizes
the blood and conveys to the system
the vital elements necessary to
strengthen the body and throw off the
disease. That is the reason it was so
- successful in Mr. Monk's case.
Anyone in Portland who has bron
chitis, a chronic cough, or needs build
ing up, may try a bottle of Vinol,
with the understanding that .his
money will be returned if he is not
The Owl Drug Co., Portland; also at
the leading drug store in all Oregon
Council May Prove Turn in a; Point
Wkt. Sj London Tlmeaj Unity
of Action Is Decided On.
LONDON. Jan. 11. The Times in an
editorial today regarding the recent
war council held in Rome says:
"The conference Just concluded in
Rome may well- prove one of the turn
ing points in the war. More than one
vital decision was reached with com
plete harmony. The road to victory,
though it may be long, is now running
straight to the appointed end."
The Times in its news columns says
corning the conference;
"The British delegates regard the
conference as the most satisfactory of
the series of allied war councils. The
allies already had achieved unity of
aim but were less successful in secur
ing unity of action. The conference.
however, marKed an advance in con
verting the theory of a common front
into a reality." p
Teutonic Alllea Said to Have Been Re
inforced on Left Wins, for Pur
pose of Aidlne Constantine.
ATHENS. Jan. 10. via London, Jan.
11. The government has formally ac
cepted the ultimatum of the entente
In accordance with the agreement
made with the allies on December 1.
King Constantine today began deliv
ery to the entente naval authorities of
six batteries of mountain guns. tie
gave orders to the troops to suppress
all hostile demonstrations.
LONDON, Jan. 11. In connection
with the Greek situation the news
naoers today give prominence to a dis
patch from Serbian headquarters dated
January 7, in which it is said consid
erable reinforcements have joined the
armies of the Teutonic allies on the
left wing, which is due north of Thes
salv. The dispatch says a Bulgarian
regiment which was lately in Dobrudja
has arrived, ana ii is reported otnei
Bulgarian regiments and an Austrian
regiment are moving thither.
The dispatch adds an indications
point to some energetic action by the
forces of the .central powers in that
quarter, apparently , with the purpose
of supporting King Constantine.
Knabe World-Famous Piano
and Other Well-Known Makes
The absolute satisfaction that accompanies the purchase
'of a piano or a player piano in our Music Store cannot be
measured in dollars and cents. The elimination of fictitious
coupons, prizes and all forms of rebates, insures you protec
tion against abnormal, unreal prices.
Our merchandising policy that governs pianos, the same
as other merchandise in the store, guarantees you the same
satisfaction, the same real rvorth, the same economical basis
as is so tvell known to the public.
77hs alone should be reason enough to convince you that
this is the logical store to look o for pianos.
Pianos and piano players to suit every purse. Liberal
terms to suit your oivn convenience. Seventh Floor.
Crucible Steel President Dead
PinsuuiMi, Jan. 11. tnanes Cyrus
Ramsey, president of the Crucible
Steel Company of America, died In a
hospital here early today after an ill
ness of six weeks of pneumonia, aged
54 years. .
Germany Confiscates Organ-, Pipes.
LONDON, Jan. 11. The Gorman gov
eminent, according to an Amsterdam
dispatch to Reuter's, has confiscated
all the organ pipes for. .the use of the
Read The Oregonian classified ads.
FRENCH JDEA UNALTERED
ALSACE-LORRAINE AM BELGIUM'S
President of Deputies Says Procedure
Can Be Accelerated "W ithout Radi
cal Chance of Laws.
PARIS, Jan. 11. Paul Deschanel. In
addresslngr the Chamber of Deputies
today after his re-election as President
POSTAGE BILL DEFENDED xtVucles of our programme
remain in the deliverance oi Belgium
Chairman 'Moon Says elimination
of Most Magazines Desirable.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. The dis
puted section of the annual postofftce
bill which would increase rates on second-class
matter by creation of a zone
system was defended in the House to
day by Chairman Moon, of the post
office committee, who declared present
rates on newspapers and magazines
were unreasonably' low and that
through them the publications of- the
country were "plundering the Treas
ury." To protests from Western Represen
tatives that the zone system would
greatly increase the price, of magazines
in that territory. Chairman Moon re
plied that "it would be a good thing
if about 99 per cent of the magazines
w.ould go out of business entirely."
He also urged for. the bill provisions
for local penny postage and curtail
ment of the pneumatic tube system.
and the restitution of Alsace-Lorraine
This Is the only programme that can
recompense us for our sacrifices and
assure to our children a durable peace
worthy of France and the republic."
Speaking on the work of Parliament.
M. Deschanel took occasion to reply
to certain criticisms, saying:
Some reproach you with interfering
too much in diplomatic and military
affairs, but if there were failures they
would seek to make you responsitSle.
since it is you who have supervision.
it hi desired to shorten the war, but
when you propose measures for
greater activity of effort which would
abridge it. your initiatives are criti
Ii apparent allusion to the request
of the government for authority to is
sue decrees, in anticipation of legisla
tion on urgent questions, M. Deschanel
"Since the war Is prolonged. It la our
duty to adapt our methods and accel
erate our procedure. To maintain or
der and discipline In our debates also
is a form of patriotism, but to that end
it is not necessary to throw our insti
tutions into confusion. It will be to
the eternal honor of our country to
have faced the greatest upheaval of
all the ages without changing our
Read The Oregonian classified ads.
MUST BE SPLENDID KIDNEY
AN1 BLADDER. REMEDY
Ever since Dr. Kilmer's Swamp
Root has been on the market we have
successfully and satisfactorily sold it.
ii tne medicine did not possess merit
in the diseases for which It Is in
tended we feel certain that we would
not enjoy such a splendid sale.
"Very truly yours,
ROSE DRUG CO.
Oct. 14, 191S: Bozeman, Mont.
Letter to J
Dr. Kilmer & Co. I
Blniibamloa, N. Y. I
3 - f
Prove What Swamp-Root Will Do
Send ten cents to Dr. Kilmer- & Co..
Binghamton, N. T.. for a sample size
bottle. It will convince anyone. Tou
will Bjso receive a booklet of valuable
Information, telling about the kidneys
and bladder. When writing, be sure
and mention the Portland Dally Ore
gonian. Regular fifty-cent and one
dollar size bottles for sale at all drug
. .. t - , ' ..- 1 -' -
t - s i
i . . . - 1
I - , r v - " x " "
--lit(r- ' " lii' mttiS liililfilo " til .iiiiitii-iH-iiiWiaiiaftiiifciBrt-" -sNa' -fl-1.Hii i i.-iiiniftiiLyiiii-- ' '
. "The Pride
m of the Clan"
A story of Scotland's rugged shores. If you
haven't sent the kiddies do so today.
In the biggest and breeziest Western drama ever
Continuous From 10:30 A. M. Daily
SIXTH AND WASHINGTON
"The Route of Lo westAltitudes
"The Route of Sunshine
Go via San Francisco, Los Angeles, El Paso, Kansas City to
, ' Chicago and St. Louis.
Two Daily Trains
"GOLDEN STATE LIMITED"
Liberal Stopovers Allowed (
The Cost Is Low
CITY TICKET OFFICE 131 FOURTH STREET
John M. Scott, General Passenger Agent.
SOUTHERN PACIFIC LINES
ROCK ISLAND LINES
The "Personal Touch"
That "Home-Like" feeling
A most "Friendly" interest
A "Hearty Welcome" always
All these, together with thoroughly up-to-date service, you
will find at the
Fifth, and Stark
Capital and surplus $1,200,000
C THE MILK OF MAGNESIA I
tre l It! fie 3
Yon ut a tima
trfd remHy vhiek will
ffiv prompt nlimt Dd Br.
iibi worn mom. M
quenrns. Try J P-
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