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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 12, 1917)
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POIilLAND, FRLDAT. JANUARY; 12, 1917.
SCPPBESSION IS NOT THE END.
If the House of Representatives
should adopt the recommendation of
tha rules committee that no inquiry
be had into the reports that official
secrets have leaked from Wellington
and that Government officials have
speculated on information thus ob
tained, that will not end the matter.
The charges stand, denied by all per
eons mentioned in them, but not dis
proved. The principal sponsor for
them, no matter what may be said to
his discredit, declares his readiness
to give to a committee having: full
powers to dig to the bottom the names
of those whom he has mentioned in
general terms. Unless the informa
tion which he professes to have should
be obtained and disproved. Govern
ment officials will remain under sus
picion, the innocent with those .who
may be guilty. Suppression by the
House would really aggravate the
The inquiry which the rules com
mittee of the House has been con
ducting was not an inquiry into the
charges themselves; It was designed
to enable the committee to determine
whether there was sufficient ground
for a formal and searching inquiry
by a committee vested with the broad
Inquisitorial powers of the House and
authorized to make findings of fact
and to recommend action, either in
the shape of prosecutions or of legis
lation. In this respect the rules com
mittee corresponds somewhat to a
grand jury, which does not hear all
the evidence and determine the
guilt or innocence of any person un
der suspicion but simply determines
whether there is sufficient evidence
upon which to base an indictment and
a court trial.
There is good cause for such in
quiry, and the rules committee has
only skirted around the rim of the
subject. The committee has heard
only the statements of tkose persons
who say there was a leak and that
it was used in speculation and the
denials of persons who were named
In those statements. It has not sought
out evidence which would either cor
roborate or disprove the statements.
Mr. Lawson has promised, if a full
Inquiry is held, to reveal the names
of the persons whom he has mentioned
anonymously. The House owes it to
the people and to those members of
Congress and of the Administration
who are Innocent that the guilty be
named, if any there be. Unless this
is done, each .one of the ten members
of the Cabinet will be under suspicion
that he is the one mentioned by Mr.
Lawson; each one of the ninety-six
Senators will be under suspicion that
he is the one who is alleged to have
speculated on the leak. It is intoler
able that this suspicion should be
abroad and that the innocent shouia
rest under It. No clemency is due
to the guilty, and no desire to shield
them should be suffered to keep the
innocent under suspicion.
This is the more imperative be
cause refusal to dig deep would fos
ter belief that the evil Is so wide
spread In the public service that Con
gress dare not reveal Its extent, or
that the persons implicated are so
highly placed or so influential that
Congress shrinks from their exposure.
The only sure way to dispel such a
belief, if it be unfounded, is to re
veal the whole truth. The only way
to cure the evil, if it exist, is to make
known its extent and to apply the
knife without flinching.
SENATOR STONE'S HONOR.
Senator Stone is extremely sensitive
about any reflections on his personal
honor. Soon after Mr. Lawson made
his statement about leaks of State De
partment secrets, the Senator rose to
a "question of personal privilege" and
called attention to a New York dis
patch published in the Ottumwa, la.,
Daily Courier saying that total sales
on the Stock Exchange up ta 1 o'clock
December 21 approximated 2,000,000
shares, and adding: "Of this amount
United States Senator Stone alone con
tributed 574,900 shares."
The Senator was highly indignant
at this example of "newspaper men
dacity or news agency mendacity," as
he called It. He denied that he had
bought or sold "one penny's worth of
stock of any kind." He, however, ad
mitted that State Department secrets
had leaked "years ago" and said that
he did not care a snap of the fingers
whether the stock gamblers In Wall
Street won or lost, but he was "deeply
concerned to know that no public of
ficial has betrayed a trust or profited
by speculations." But such things do
not happen under the present holy
and pure Administration. Impossible!
.Any man, such as Lawson, who says
they do, he denounces as a "sensa
tional fakir,'.' "a creature of this low
type, this abominable and contempti
ble human thing." The verbal as
saults of such creatures are not worth
"a moment of serious thought." Thank
Democracy that the Government "does
not have to wait upon the Stock Ex
change of New York or any exchange
anywhere to determine when it shall
communicate with, or what it shall
say to. foreign governments." Mr.
Stone conveniently forgot that Jacob
H. Schiff, Bernard Baruch and other
financial backers of Democracy are
not entirely unknown In Wall Street.
Then came the anti-climax. Sen
ator Borah took it that "this article
Is an Associated Press dispatch" and
that "all this Is due to a mistake
somewhere in transmission." It
I would have appeared in hundreds of
newspapers, "if we are not to assume
I an error as to this paper." He then
punctured the bubble by saying:
This undoubtedly refers to United States
Steel Instead of United States Senator Stone.
. . . If you Will look up other similar
dispatches you will find It says United
States Steel and so forth.
The Senate laughed. Nothing more
was said, There was no more to say.
In his excessive eagerness to vindicate
his honor and to express his loathing
for such "creatures" as Lawson, the
Missouri Senator had picked from
among the hundreds of newspapers
which published the same dispatch or
others of like tenor the one newspaper
of local circulation around Ottumwa
whioh had blundered through a co
incidence of initials.
To one who gives the matter second
thought, the blunder Is obvious. If
Mr. Stone had dealt In 674,900 shares,
as the bungled dispatch reads, his
dealings would have involved a par
value of $57,490,000.. Many of the
leading stocks are selling far above
par, hence the market value might
easily have exceeded $100,000,000. As
brokers require customers to put up
margins as high as 20 points, such ex
tensive dealings might easily require,
a cash capital of $20,000,000. Though
in his lonr political career, Mr. Stone
has doubtless exercised enough thrift
to accumulate a good many dollars,
such large transactions would be be
yond the means of men in his finan
cial class. He has simply made him
self ridiculous by Industriously seek
ing an occasion to vindicate his honor,
when no person has even talked
1 ONLY BIG TIIDfCS WORTH WHILE.
It was a stock argument of Salem
job holders two years ago that the
consolidation bills did not . in them
selves provide a material saving in
state expenditures. It was true that
salaries of department heads specifi
cally abolished did not amount to a
great deal. But the argument was
Along with consolidation of depart
ment management would go consoli
dation of clerical forces. The only
practicable procedure is to consoli
date, after ascertaining that consoli
dation is feasible, and then let the
head of the consolidated departments
take up with the ways and means
committees the needs of his office.
The same kind of bill is met with
the same sort of argument this year.
But there are departments in the
Statehouse doing more or less corre
lated work. In one the clerical force
may be hard pressed during a season
when the clerical force in the other
department is practically idle, and the
force in the first office may be prac
tically Idle when the force in the sec
ond is burdened with work.
If every consolidation bill must be
worked out, independent of depart
ment heads and ways and means com
mittees, down to the smaller detail
of clerical work, then consolidation
is something merely to dream about.
But, for our part, we can see no
good reason for maintaining even one
$2000 job that is not needed.
Of late we have been haunted by
the words and melody of an old-time
song. It ends with something about
all drinking stone blind when Johnnie
comes marching home.
Clearly one should not be haunted
by this old favorite In dry Oregon.
Then, too, the sentiment that of joy
and thanksgiving is out of date. It
ought to run, "We'll all get Johnnie's
job ere Johnnie comes marching
Johnnie was a fool to go to war.
We are speaking of the late Mexican
war, which we believe is still occupy
ing the attention of our available mili
tary forces. Johnnie should have been
too proud to fight.
If a man quits a good job In a gro
cery store to fight for his country
let him take the consequences. And
how, we ask, could a sun-burned vet
eran of the border hope to grace the
effete surroundings of the Adjutant
The job in the grocery ought to go
to some fellow patriotic enough to
have protected his employer from the
necessity of hiring a temporary sub
stitute. The Adjutant-General, we
learn of late, should be a home-loving
officer a Brigadier-General or a field
officer who has served heroically In
the sanguinary wars between Blues
and Browns at Gearhart.
Kick them out. They'd no business
going to war. And, having gone,
they've no business coming home.
AMERICAN SURGEONS IN WAR.
Announcement only a few days ago
by Professor Le Page, physician to
King Albert of Belgium, before the
Academy of Sciences at Paris, that he
had obtained remarkable results from
the application of Dr. Alexis Carrel's
discovery of a yew treatment of
wounds to the curing of compound
fractures confirms the right of this
new development of the surgery of
the war to be called the greatest surgical-
discovery of recent years. It is
a triumph for the American physician
that the French hospitals are now
coming around to his way of thinking
and that the . method practiced for
some months in the American Am
bulance Hospital now gives promise
of becoming well-nigh universal.
A striking feature of the. discovery
of Dr. Carrel Is that, in the words of
an enthusiastic admirer, it justifies
the forecast that some day the sur
geon's work will in some respects
partake of the precision and at the
same time the simplicity of that of a
train dispatcher. The treatment is
based upon frequent counting of the
germs in the suppurating wound. The
germs are taken from given areas, are
placed under a microscope and their
number estimated. Irrigation of the
wound with an antiseptic solution
meanwhile is practiced. As the num
ber of germs decreases, the surgeon
is able to tell exactly when it will be
safe to close the wound altogether.
When this time is reached, no chances
are taken of further infection. In a
war in which heavy artillery fire
causes a vast proportion of deep
wounds, the new method is of especial
importance. The experience of the
physician to the Belgian King, who
reports that only two cases out of
sixty-eight in which compound frac
tures were so treated failed, greatly
extends the possibilities of the dis
covery. It is now recalled with especial In
terest that Dr. Carrel only a few years
ago was the recipient of the Nobel
prize for his studies of cellular struc
ture and life, through which he ap
parently demonstrated that life has
its possibilities in the individual cell.
He found it possible to transplant cer
tain organs from one animal to an
other and to maintain them for a cer
tain length of time, although In the
imperfect state of knowledge these
organs eventually lost their functions.
An Important phase of his life work
has been his demonstration of the pos
sibility of increasing the rapidity of
cell formation, so as to lessen the time
required for repair. Experiments with
this end in view are only now begin
ning to bear fruit in the development
of wound treatment in connection
with the war.
The part Americans are playing In
this new field Is a highly important
one, It was Richard Strong;, an Amer
ican, who conquered typhus In Serbia
Richard Harte and Fred Alvee have
done wonders In the repair of shat
tered bones; Harte particularly in the
reconstruction of mutilated faces, one
of his wonderful accomplishments be
ing the making of jaws out of ribs.
Americans have taken a leading part
in the eminently practical work of
adapting scientific theories to existing
conditions. They have achieved results.
BLINDED BY PARTISANSHIP.
In Its partisan haste to condemn
every act of a Republican statesman,
the Portland Journal disagrees with
the two leading Democratic news
papers of the country the New York
Times and World. It J.akes the op
position of Senator Lodge and other
Senators as proof of hesitation "to
back up a President in his appeal to
the nations to discuss peace" and as
proof that "there is a body of United
States Senators -who, in spite of its
perils for America, want the war to
The Times approved the action of
Mr. Lodge in opposing the Hitchcock
resolution on the ground that such
action by the Senate would go far to
destroy the President's usefulness as
a peacemaker and to defeat his ef
forts. It said that the President ad
dressed his note to the belligerents
"as a distinguished individual whose
known motives and high character
commanded the attention and respect
of those to whom he spoke," but that,
if the Senate, which is a political "body,
ties up with his proposal, throws it
"into the political pot," It will cease
to be his proposal alone; It will be
come also the proposal of Senators
Stone, Hitchcock and their , following,
whose motives are "more than sus
pect" In the eyes of the belligerents.
From the moment that American poll
tics are tied up with the President's
efforts, said the Times, "those efforts
will be utterly disregarded by the bel
ligerents." The proposed action of
the Senate was described as imperti
nent and as a menace to "the Presi
dent and the country."
The World said flatly that the
President's note was "none of the Sen
ate's business," and that Mr. Lodge
was "wholly right when he pro
tested" against the Hitchcock resolu
tion, for the note was "an exercise of
unquestionable Executive power" and
"until all the resources of diplomacy
are exhausted the question is one sole
ly for the Executive to consider." The
resolution Is described as "a piece of
meddlesome interference on the part
of Congress with the prerogatives of
the Executive," and "all that can come
out of it is a mischievous debate."
So Mr. Lodge, who is accused by
the Journal of an effort to obstruct
the President's labors for peace, is
hailed by the two most influential
newspapers which support the Presi
dent as one who is trying to prevent
an act of mischievous meddling with
those labors. Here we have an exam
ple of the difference between blind
and discriminating partisanship.
HOLDING BOYS ON TJIE FARM.
An Important contribution to the
effort to stay the movement of young
folks away from the farm has been
made in Illinois, and incidentally it
stjows how important a part can be
played by far-sighted bankers in a
rural community. The cashier of a
New Brighton bank, according to the
report of the details recently made
public, bought last March in another
state eighty-four head of good-grade
heifers, ranging in ago from six to
sixteen months. These were shipped
to Illinois and sold to schoolchildren
at cost. The bank took in payment
the notes of the children, bearing 6
per cent interest. The average price
of the animals was $4 3 a head. There
was an understanding In advance with
the buyers that they were to be sold
by public auction within a year. The
difference between what they paid,
plus Interest at 6 per cent, and the
amount realized at the sale was to be
the profit of the children on the trans
action. The outcome of the sale last month
constitutes the first chapter of the
object lesson. The heifers brought an
average price of $92.30 a head and
the total profit to the young buyers
was $4137. It was the first sale of
the kind ever held In that region and
it gave convincing evidence of the
practicability of the Calf Club move
ment recently inaugurated in Illinois.
There already are nine such clubs In
the state and bankers of other sec
tions are interesting themselves in the
success of the general enterprise. The
cost of keeping the heifers sold at
the first auction was not large, the
children having been encouraged to
study profitable economies in that
direction and having utilized pasture
to a large extent. It Is encouraging
that interest has been aroused so suc
cessfully that a second enterprise of
the same kind is to be launched in
the near future, except that the next
consignment of animals will be sold
on condition that they be retained to
form the foundation of dairy herds.
The children who made their profit
this time are said to be enthusiastic
over the scheme and willing to go
into the dairy business, as the bank
ers who fostered it in the beginning
The intensely practical phase of the
new movement is that it has given a
taste of profit to several youths at
an age when they are impressionable
and also when they are nearing the
period at which most boys begin to
yearn for city life. It was better than
a "back-to-the-land" movement, be
cause it made an appeal to those al
ready on the land. Plainly, it is more
profitable to keep farm boys on the
farm than to send them to the towns
and try to replace them with city folk,
poorly equipped with ability, tem
perament and experience. The farm
boy has the foundation for the work,
and he labors under no illusions te
begin with. Under the new dispensa
tion, he is the best kind of subject for
education in better farming methods,
because he is able to adapt theory to
practice. . It is by awakening his in
terest anew at the critical stage of his
life that those who are fostering the
new plan are doing the greatest public
A truly pitiful feature of the drift
of young men from the country to the
city is that, while they leave the farm
just at a time when they might begin
to profit by staying, they have passed
the age when they care to "begin at
the - bottom," as boy apprentices in
useful trades. For this reason they
seek the first opening that Is afforded
at what they call a man's work, which
Is often only a slightly elevated form
of common labor. Many Jitney drivers
and freight handlers in some cities are
recruited from this class. Their tem
porary occupations do not lead to sub
stantial results. When they marry
they are barely able to. support their
families. There are exceptions, but
these are the rule. It Is probably true
that a large proportion of them would
be better off If they had remained on
the farms on which they were born.
It is significant that, according to
the figures compiled by the United
States Department of Agriculture,
there were in 1915 nearly 3,000,000
fewer cattle on farms in the United
States than there were in 1910. Thirty
years ago about 75 per cent of the
people lived on farms. About half live
in the city and half In the country to
day. The Calf Club plan is important
for more reasons than. Its bearing on
the dairy industry alone. Its possi
bilities are almost Infinitely capable
of adaptation to other lines of farm
DICK SWTVELER FINANCE.
Congress looks forward to a deficit
on July 1, 1918, which is estimated
as high as $300,000,000, but the House
committee on rivers and habors pro
poses appropriation of $10,000,000 for
new projects in addition to more than
$28,000,000 for work already under
way. The Senate committee will al
most surely add to the total till it
reaches, perhaps exceeds, $40,000,000.
The expenditure of $10,000,000 in
this manner is downright profligacy;
it is Dick Swiveler finance.. Only ur
gent necessity could excuse It at a
time when Income falls so far short of
expenses. That necessity has not been
proved, and it cannot be proved. The
only necessity which has been proved
is that river and harbor money shall
be so distributed among Congressional
districts as to insure enough votes to
pass the bill. The utmost that Con
gress should do at this session is to
provide funds for continuance of proj
ects already under way.
There is some encouragement for
those who would substitute business
for pork-barrel methods In the state
ment that President Wilson has de
clared In favor of a commission to
have charge of all waterway work.
But this, like other utterances of his,
may be no more than a pious opinion.
; If he would make it one o the car
dinal points of his policy by exerting
his great influence in behalf of the
Newlands or the Frcar bill, he might
have a fight on his hands but he
would have the backing of public opin
ion and would win. He has not shrunk
from a fight on other questions, even
when they caused division in his party,
but in this case he would step on the
toes of the Southern members, who
are the chief beneficiaries of pork,
and he has always been tender with
Southern susceptibilities. He has side
tracked National woman suffrage be
cause the South does not like it, and
he dropped the Presidential primary
like a hot potato when the South
would have none of it.
The best hope of improvement In
the handling of waterways is that a
Senatorial filibuster may either kill
the bill or cut out the pork or force
amendments on the lines proposed by
Senator Newlands and Representative
Frear. This is one Advantage of a
time limit to the session; it affords an
opportunity to extort concessions from
A belated "Christmas, ship" is now
carrying gifts from Americans' to the
settlers on far-off Pitcairn Island,
who perhaps come nearest to living
the simple life of any civilized people
in the world. The island, which is
only about two miles long by a mile
broad, has a population of more than
100. It was settled originally about
125 years ago by a party of nine muti
neers from a British ship and eighteen
natives of Tahiti, and for a time was
a scene of turbulence and lawlessness.
But order was gradually restored and
when the population increased beyond
the capacity of the island to support
it, part of the inhabitants were taken
to another island. But so strong was
the1 home-loving instinct that several
of these subsequently returned. Those
now living there have no automobiles,
no cable or wireless communication,
no machinery and few modern Imple
ments. A passing ship several years
ago is said to have left a talking ma
chine in exchange for food, and this
has since been the only amusement of
the people, if it Is still In good repair.
The island is, roughly speaking, about
half way between the Panama Canal
and New Zealand.
It may appear that the chief of
police of Chicago, under arrest on
charges involving "grafts had too
many partners, some of whom were
bound to "snitch" under pressure.
That la the great fault of the insidious
crime. While an official is alone In
it, his receipts cannot be large and
mankind is prone to be lenient even
jocular about the size of them. When
ambition reaches thestage that needs
help, the end is in sight, for there is
no honor among thieves, despite the
aged line to the contrary.
War conditions have Increased
wages enormously in the East, notably
those of laborers, which have gone
up 100 per cent. This shows how low
i the pay of the laboring man had
; dropped in the early years of the Wil
i son Administration.
The rush to file on lands for grazing
in the Central Oregon counties will
lessen the opportunity to hold that
kind of land for "dry" farming, which
is more or less an experiment one year
and often a delusion the next.
One of the crowd convicted at San
Francisco of violating neutrality laws
hopes the punishment fits his noble
birth. Likely It will. He may get
the heaviest hammer and toughest
If this Administration desires to
start something by removing post
office employes from civil service, it
may be sure the country will respond
with a vengeance at the polls.
The terms of the allies outlined in
the reply to Wilson never will be ac
cepted by the dynasty that rules Ger
many. . Yet from a British point of
view they are moderate.
The Efficiency Club is right In askr
ing removal of. the age limit In Gov
ernmental civil service examinations.
No bars should be put up against the
man with "ginger."
Western people, with big ideas and
living in big states, will wonder where
a railroad can find room to spend
$75,000,000 in such a boxlike affair
Rooms occupied by non-union men
seem to have an attraction for ex
plosives. Carelessness in handling
may account for disaster, and, again,
it may not.
The miscegenation bill should be
killed. It is not in line with the
movement for Uplift of the Colored
If Harry Thaw shall die, he will
have committed one decent act.
Greece, bag decided to. be. good,
IT IS THE VOICE OF AUTHORITY
Anti-Saloon I.r a n e Decides on Form
of "Hone-Dry" and That Settles It.
PORTLAND, Jan. 11. (To the Edi
tor.) Being inspired by an editorial
in Tbe Oregonlan you will permit me
to try and correct & falsa impression
that seems to obtain regarding pending
You will find it exceedingly difficult
to trace the story that a search and
seizure clause Is to be placed In the
legislation for bone-dry Oregon to any
advocate of prohibition. None of us
have ever contemplated anything of
the kind and no search and seizure
clause will be placed in the legislation
if we can prevent it. Neither will we
ask that the possession of liquor, now
lawful, shall be declared to be unlaw
ful. It would be manifestly unfair
to allow it to be shipped in under one
regulation and then declare its posses
sion thus obtained unlawful by subse
Very often the purposes of the drys
are distorted by those contramlnded
for obvious reasons. Suggestions are
sometimes made as coming from us
by those who do not believe as we do,
for their own purposes. And when this
is done, often editorial pens like yours
scratch the words "extremists" and
"radicals" across the editorial page.
If you have observed anything, sir, and
will be candid about it, you will note
that the majority of the people of
Oregon, and almost. If not quite, the
majority of the people of this Nation,
are what you call "fanatics"; or would
I it be more appropriate to call the mi
But, if It suits your fancy, we do not
object to a bit of opprobrium at your
hand and pen. since the fact of ulti
mate prohibition remains, notwith
Let it be repeated that we now In
tend to get bone-dry legislation if
possible, but we do not intend to In
corporate search and seizure, nor
make possession of liquor obtained
lawfully before the enactment of bone
dry legislation unlawful and, like
Lawson before Congress, you will
scarcely be able to repeat the name
of one, after investigation, who favors
such legislation. 13. A. BAKER,
Pres. Oregon Anti-Saloon League.
The Oregonlan has been Informed by
one high in prohibition councils that
search and seizure have been seriously
proposed and discussed by some prohi
bition workers and advocates In Ore
gon. The Oregonlan concedes that Mr.
Baker is a very important orficer in a
very Important organization. Birt he
is not so Important and his organiza
tion Is not so important that when gen
eral reference is made to bone-dry leg
islation the Baker brand or the Anti
Saloon League is inevitably in mind.
The Anti-Saloon League, if Mr. Baker
actually speaks for it, seems to have
the same failing as the Saloon League.
A little success makes it overbearing.
and dictatorial. What do other pro
hibition workers think of this "eockey"
declaration, right from headquarters,
by Jinks! that they can't have search
and seizure in the law?
BARD'S BOXE-UIiy SAEXGEHFEST.
About the same time that George
Cordon burst into song, came also L. D.
Eaton, of "Lick Skillet. Oregon." with a
song which we suppressed because of
Its slanderous references to ourself.
But now that the state has gone bone
dry, we don't care much what he says
about us, and so we give him back
his mandola and bid him sing. .
We will remark, however, that his
pome seems likely to go out of date
pretty quick, now that the legislators
are on the Job, so w would advise
him to revise his chorus before they
revise the existing laws concerning the
shipment of llcker.
And now. Eaton, proceed with your
lpn restrained song.
Oh yes, pean has been there, that fact
You could "twig" it the minute he
began to bewail.
That his thoughts were back yonder, he
was pining like thunder
For the days of the mug, and the bar,
and the rail.
I'll bet it's been often his hoof he has
As he beckoned the barkeep and felt
for his "kale,"
And tried to be funny at the expense
While his foot pawed the sawdust In
search of the rati.
And I shouldn't wonder if he'd stood
off the barkeep.
Or tried to at least as he told the
'Bout the "nail in his coffin" he'd like
to have driven.
We've all heard it you know, with
our feet on the rail.
But those times are over. The way. to
do now is.
To send in your order: "Return me
Two quarts of your best, and be quick
The country's gone dry; they've
abolished the rail."
BY DEAN COLLINS. .
BVFFALO BILL AND) HIS SHOW.
All hail to the chief. Old Buffalo Bill,
The hero of battles galore;
He comes to amuse.
To instruct with his skill.
And show us the dangers of yore.
We gather in thousands to see the Old
Who always was Indians' friend;
A glad wave of interest
Runs here, round about.
While on us his redskins descend.
We honor him here and we honor him
For much that he does.
And has done;
The Nation's Instructor of early
Repeater of years that are gone.
No more will he ride with the rush of
No more shall the warwhoop resound;
He has followed the Bison; left Indians
He's gone to the far hunting ground!
S. D. MARTIN.
Civil War Events.
TROUTDALE. Or.. Jan. 11. (To the
Editor.) (1) What Is tbe date of Pea
Ridge battler (2) The opposing offi
cers of same? Casualty list of both
armies? (3) Date of Shelby's second
raid Into Missouri? (4) Date of vote on
secession in Texas?
A CONSTANT READER.
(1) March 7 and 8. 1862.
(2) Federal troops numbering 10,600
were commanded by Gen. S. R. Curtis.
The Confederates, consisting of 14.000
men and a brigade of Indians, were In
general command of General Van Dorn.
Federal loss. 1384; Confederate loss was
given at 800, exclusive of Indians, but
was undoubtedly larger.
(8) She'lpy led a raid into Missouri
in the Fall of 1863 and was with J?rlce
in his Missouri raid In September, 1864.
(4) February 1, 1861.
Flace Not Given.
EUGENE. Or, Jan. 10. (To the Edi
tor.) Where is Salmon River. S. C?
What is nearest telegraph office?
No river, creek or town is listed by
Rand-McNallys atlas under that name
In South Carolina, nor does the postal
directory give such a postofficoj
COW STABLE CAROL IS I'PHELD
Sir. Moore Cites Wonderful Instances
of Power of Music.
CORVALLIS. Or, Jan. 10. (To the
Editor.) While Benton County dairy
men would probably prefer to retain
their faith In bran mush and silage as
the best milk producer, "Greenhorn's"
assertion that his McMInnvlUe bovine
la Inspired by a regular diet of music
to give down increasing quantities of
lacteal fluid seems very reasonable to
me. Personally, I am a believer in
muslo as a cure-all for everything but
measles and' the mumps, and all of
us know that muslo hath charms to
soothe a savage, please the baby and
split a cabbage. What more natural
then that music, lovely music, prop
erly applied, should cause even a car
nation sign to give a few quarts of
milk, or a quarter-inch of cream to
rise on the fluid In the average milk
I once heard a story to the effect
that after a circus had milked an en
tire region bone dry. Its band, en route
to the next stand, stopped by chance
in a patch of milkweeds and played
to such effect that each weed of that
variety gave up from a quart to a
gallon and a half of milk. In Juet a
few minutes this was a land literally
flowing with milk and a short time
after alonp came ''honey" and her beau.
At the P. P. I. E, in the Hawaiian
display In the Palaco of Horticulture,
a car of cocoanuts were so affected on
hearing the quartet there sing the
songs of their native home that they
leaked so much rich milk the restau
rants around about came near getting
some of it into their roffee, despite
the valiant efforts of a host of waiters
to prevent it.
Also, it la a well-known fact that
confectioneries cannot maintain first
class orchestras any length of time
for the reason that at each lovely
strain the chocolates have a tendency
to 'give up their milk, and milk
shakes quickly dwindle to nothing but
If a brass band, quartet and or
chestra can produce such effects on
objects naturally so inauimate end un
responsive, what might not be the re
sult obtained from the family Jersey
by the scientific applications of music
from such classical instruments as the
zoboc, bugpipe, Jewsharp and ukulele?
N. R- MOOHK,
ARGMG AGAINST CONVICTIONS
Many Student!! Doing It Through Com
pnlalon In Debates.
POItTIAXD. Jan. 11. (To the Editor.)
For some time I have boon wanting
to call attention in The Oregonlan to
what appears to me to be a mistaken
method our city school management
has in conducting debate.) between tha
high school children. The announced
effort of President Foster, of Reed
College, to inaugurate a change as far
as college debates are concerned gives
A bright youth of my acquaintance,
who is frequently called upon to take
part in debates, has called my attention
to the fact that In a large percentage of
the debates In which he takes part he
is required to take the sido in which
he does not believe. The subject la
selected and, regardless of the convic
tions of the debaters, their sides are
assigned to them. In my judgment, it
Is all wrong, while youths are taking
Impressions that stay with them all
their Uvea, that they should be put up
to announce their beliefs and convic
tions for that in which they do not be
lieve. It has a bad moral effect; but
when I have presented that view to
some of my acquaintances 1 get as a
reply that "they all do it." as though
that were a good argument.
It Is a strance thing that our educa
tors have not before this seen that this
system is all wrong. It tends to im
press on the youth the Idea that truth
telling is not of great Importance; and
I hope that our city achuol manuKe
ment will follow President Foster and
make a radical change In the present
day method of conducting high school
debates. R. M. TUTTLE.
Car Shortage and Demurrage.
TORTLAND, Jan. 11. (To the Edi
tor.) I noticed under date of January
9 an article written by O. C- Crow, en
titled "Oregon Under Railroad Thumb."
If my memory is right. I remember aiw
article in The Oregonian some time
ago stating that there Is a law in Ore
gon which allows the shipper demurrage-
after the second day, if the ship
per has sent In a written order of a car
and it is not furnished him. Rindly
advise me if I am correct or not.
J. C. COTTON.
There is a law to the effect that the
railroads must furnish cars to ship
pers upon written application within a
stipulated time and penalties are pro
vided for failure to comply with the
law. However, it is said unfavorable
rulings by the Supreme Court have
been made in interpreting this law so
that it ia not' enforced.
The law provides that a shipper, hav
ing freight on hand to load in carload
lots, may demand that cars be supplied
to the number of five or less in five
days, from five to ten cars In not more
than ten days, more than ten and not
more than 80 in 15 days, etc. Failure
to supply cars makes the railroad com
pany liablle to a demurrage charge of
$2 for the first 24-hour delay, "per car,
$3 for the second 24 hours of delay be
yond the time specified, and $4 for
each additional 24-hour delay.
But the law expressly states that the
railroads shall not be held liable when
congestion of traffic elsewhere, acci
dents, delays and other causes for
which the companies are not responsi
ble make It impossible to supply the
cars as required. This provision will,
naturally, explain about every delayed
delivery of cars in this territory.
Author and Violins.
PORTLAXD. Jan. 11. (To the Ed
ltor.) 11) Please tell me the time and
place of the birth of the author. Ran
dall Parrlsh; also his complexion and
size. (2) I wish to know how old are
the Stradivarius violin! What are
they worth and to whom should one
write if he wished either to buy or sell
one? A. READER.
(1) Randall Parrish was born in
Henry County, Illinois, June 10, 1858.
We have no information on his phys
(2) A viojin made by Antonio Stradi
varius would be from 180 to 46 years
old. It would probably be difficult to
find one for sale. "Stradivarius" is a
name frequently used to designate the
model or pattern of a violin and may
be applied to the cheapest instruments.
Consult any dealer In musical instru
ments. Mothers' Pension Law.
PORTLAND, Jan. 11. (To the Ed
itor.) Are there two kinds of pensions
for widows, a mothers' and a widows'
pension? Does the widow get any
money for herself, or Just for the chil
dren? G. G. ANDERSON.
Strictly speaking, Oregon has no
"widows' pension law." The act. which
is often so termed, is a mothers' pen
sion law. No pension Is granted unless
there are dependent children living
with the mother, and unless In the
absence of pension relief the home
would be broken up. A woman with
children dependent upon her because
of the physical or mental Incapacity of
the husband Is eligible to receive a
pension. No pension Is provided for a
widow: .without children.
In Other Days
Twenty-five Years A gro.
rrom Ths Orevontaa, January IX l&PX
Washington It Is reported here that
Judge Hanford, of Seattle, now United
States District Judge for Washington,
may be appointed to the Circuit bench
as a promotion for his work, which has
been highly satisfactory to President
Columbus, O, Jan. 11. William Mo
Klnley, Jr., was Inaugurated Governor
Theodore B. Wlloox, manager of the
Salem and the Willamette Valley flour
ing mills, has given orders to close
down, as tha wheat is all worked up.
The mlll' capacity has been louo bar
Strauss is 66 years old. but his hair
is as black as if he were a youth of 35.
His barber, it is said, is the secret.
Lou Cleaver, a well-known newspa
per man, real estate agent, attorney
and turf patron, is at the St. Charlea
W. T. Stead, editor of the Review of
Reviews, has compiled a book of ghost
stories. He is an Inveterate ghost
story teller, and much to the disgust of
his wife, who thinks they are foolish,
relates story after story with mucn
Henry Oxer. Portland, librarian, who
clipped on the sidewalk ami cracked his
kneecap, is still confined to his bed.
One of the triplets born to the wife
of David Honeyman died yesterday.
Tho other two are getting along nicely.
Half a Century As. a.
From The Oregonlan. January 12, ISBT.
Wo have on our table some samples
oT OreKon-made paper, the first ever
manufactured in this state. They are
from the Oregon City paper mills and
at the tlmo of wrtiinir are not more
than 24 hours old. The milte, after
considerable delay and a lew altera
tions in the machinery ns first set up,
ere started January 10 on brown
wrapping paper. J. Carroll Is the su
perintendent of the Oregon Paier Mills,
a gentleman recently from California
The Chicago Tribune says that the
ITnion I'acifio Railroad Company lias
laid down all Iron at Its preesnt dis
posal and. finding it difficult to obtain
it rapidly enough by way of the Mis
souri River to keep Its forces em
ployed, has determined to cease fur
ther operations until next Spring.
They havo completed the bridge across
the North Fork and Inid the track over
it. so as to deliver tho mails, freight
and passengers to Holllday's Overland
Stage Line on the western side of the
The Department of Columbia, Major
General Frederick Steele commanding,
will embrace the stato of Oregon and
the territories of Idaho and Washlnc
ton. Headquarters will be in Portland.
Judge B. R. Curtis, of Boston, ha
heen selected as umpire of the com
mission consisting of Rose of Mon
treal and Jolme-ou of Albany. N. Y.. to
arrange the indemnities arising under
tne settlement or the Northwestern
boundary between the American pos
sessions of Great Britain and the
Ignited states. The interests of the
Hudson Bay Company are Involved.
The following are among those on
the list of corporations which have
filed articles of corporation in the of
fice of the Secretary of State from
September 1. 1861. to Augutst 31. 1S.
inclusive, having principal business of
fices in Portland: First Presbyterian
Church, capital stock Jl'5.000. incorpo
rators. Thomas Fraaer. E. D. Jliattuck.
R. R. Thompson; Lone Fir Cemetery,
capital stock 15000; incorporators. Levi
Anderson, Robert Pittock and B. F.
WHEX SHEEP ARE FOlXD AILING
What to Do When Imported Animals
Are Passed by Veterinarian.
MENLO. Wash, Jan. 10. (To the Ed
itor.) Sheep are purchased in Oremn
receiving the required sanitary certifi
cate so as -to be shipped Into Washing
ton, but upon arrival at destination,
after a day's travel, are found to have
all the symptoms of distemper, from
which they soon bcKin to die. How can
compensation be received for our loss
through a fraudulent examination of
(2) What is tho cause and what the
treatment for a sheep that seems in
perfect health but suddenly has the
eyes become covered by a milky-colored
film, causing blindness. The eyes be
come inflamed and mattery; the nos
trils have a thick discharge.
(1) Sheep do not have distemper. All
long-wool sheep have chronic nasal ca
tarrh, which may easily be aggravated
by travel on trains, throush catching
cold, or sniffing dust. If sheep are in
bad condition, take the matter up with
the former owner or the examining vet
erinarian. If tho examining veterinar
ian knowingly or carelessly passed any
great number of diseased sheep such
examiner would be liable for damage.
(2) Tho disease probably Is an in
fectious opthalmia, sometimes brought
on by feeding cottonseed meal, but
more frequently by infection from other
animals. Wash eyes with a solution
of boric acid and keep the diseased
sheep from the well ones. More de
tailed information may be secured by
writing W. 1L Lytle. State Veterinar
ian, Salem, Or.
Same Old Gas.
PORTLAND, Jan. 11. (To the Edi
tor.) Your columns reporting the elec
tion of Gus C. Moser as President of
the Senate tell us that the vote was
unanimous and that the five Democrats
in the Senate not only voted for him
but that they made speeches eulogiz
Is this the same Gus C. Moser that
the Portland Journal has been denounc
ing in column after column of edi
torial bunk as the author of the "spoils
man's bill" and as one of the briga
diers of "the midnight resolution" In
the last Legislature? And is it true
that every Democratic Senator, In spite
of his horrible record, not only voted
for him, but actually spoke of him in
terms of highest praise?
Ain't it awful, Mabel?
Descent of Property.
PORTLAND, Jan. 11. (To the Ed
itor.) Two young people married.
Each had some money before marriage.
He had most, which they invested in
five acres of land near Portland. It was
deeded in the wife's name. She died six
months ago, leaving a child over 1 year
old. What share has the child in this
property and what share its father?
The child inherits all the property,
subject to the father's life interest In
the' income from one-half the estate.
More Than One-Third Fords.
M'MINNVILLE. Or, Jan. 10. (To the
Editor.) Please tell me how many
automobiles were registered in the
state of Oregon in the year of 1916.
and what per cent of them were Fords.
Of the 33,917 automobiles registered
in Oregon during the 1916 series a total
of 13. 0S5 were. Fords,