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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 12, 1917)
VOL.. LiVI. NO. 17,517.
PORTLAND, OREGON, FRIDAY JANUARY 12, 1917.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
ALLIES HOLD TIE
HOT RIPE FOR PEACE
U. S. ARMY AIRMEN
ARE LOST IN MEXICO
BERLIN HOLDS JUST
BAN ON LIQUOR ADS
EXCLUSION FROM MAILS TO DRY
THAW TRIES TO END
HIS LIFE WITH RAZOR
TWO OFFICERS BELIEVED TO BE
IN VOLCANO LAKE REGION.
WALTER G RUTIN' IS TO HAVE
VOICE BUT NO VOTE.
PEACE IS POSSIBLE
'War Maneuver1 Vigor
Entente Reply to Wil
son Given Out.
SUPREME AIM IS OUTLINED
Restoration, Evacuation, Rep
EUROPE TO BE 'LIBERATED'
Belgium, In Separate Note, Says
y President Is Mistaken in As-
turning Both Sides Have
Same Objects in View.
OUTLINE OK ENTENTE ALL
TERMS Of PEACE.
Restoration of Belgium. Ser
bia and Montenegro, with in
demnities. Evacuation of Invaded terri
torips of France, Russia and
Rournania. with reparation.
Reorganization of Europe,
founded on stable regime.
Restitutio of provinces wrest
ed in past from allies by force or
against will of their populations.
Liberation of Italians, Slav;
Roumanians and Tcheco Slavs
from foreign domination.
Enfranchisement of popula
tions subject to "bloody tyranny
Expulsion of Turkish Empire
The statement is added that
the allies wish to liberate Europe
from Prussian domination, but
have no tfesign to exterminate
the German peoples.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 11. The entente
allies, replying to President "Wilton's
peace note in a joint communication.
express the belief that It is impossible
at the present moment to attain peace
that will assure them reparation, res
titution and such guarantees as they
consider are essential.
In a separate note the Belgian gov
ernment expresses its desire for peace,
but declares it could only accept a set
tlement which would assure It repara
tion and security in the future.
Both of the communications, made
public by the State Department tonight,
are dated January 10 and were trans
mitted in translations from the French
texts through Ambassador Sharp at
Kremch Text Translated.
The translation of the French text
of the entente note as cabled by Am
bassador Sharp at Paris follows:
xne anted governments have re
ceived the note which was delivered to
them in the name of the Government
of the United States on December 19,
1916. They have studied it with the
care imposed upon them both by the
exact .realization which they have of
the gravity of the hour and by the
sincere friendship which attaches them
to the American people.
"In general they wish to declare that
they pay tribute to the elevation of the
sentiment with which the American
note is inspired and that they associate
themselves with all their hopes with
the project for the creation of a league
of nations to insure peace and justice
throughout the world. They recognize
all the advantages for the cause of
humanity and civilization which the
institution of international agreements,
destined to avoid violent conflicts be
tween nations, would prevent; agree
ments which must imply the sanctions
necessary to insure their execution and
thus to prevent an apparent security
from only facilitating new aggres
Central Powers Held Responsible.
"But a discussion of future arrange
ments destined to insure an enduring
peace presupposes a satisfactory settle
ment of the actual conflict; the allies
have as profound a desire as the Gov
ernment of the United States to termi
nate as soon as possible a war for
which the Central Empires are respon
sible and which inflicts such cruel suf
ferings upon humanity. But they be
lieve that It is impossible at the pres
cnt moment to attain a peace which
will assure them reparation, restitution
and such guarantees to which they are
entitled by the aggression for which
the responsibility rests with the Cen
tral Powers and of which principle it
self tended to ruin the security of
Europe; a peace which would on th
other hand permltuAhe establishment of
the future of European nations on
'The allied nations are conscious that
they are not fighting ..for selfish in
terests. but above all to safeguard th
independence of peoples, of right an
Sufferings of Neutrals Deplored.
The al'.ies are fully aware of th
losses and sullerlng which the war
causes to neutrals as well as to bellig
erents and they deplore them, but they
do not hold themselves responsible for
them, having in no way either willed
or provoked this war. and they strive
to reduce these damages in the measure
compatible with the inexorable exigen-
Concluded, oa Paso 4. Column. 4.4
Native of Lower California. Reports
Seeing Airplane, Following
SAN DIEGO. Jan. 11. That the Army
aviators, Lieutenant-Colonel Harvey G.
Bishop and Lieutenant W. A Robert
son, Jr.. who have been missing; since
yesterday morning; are lost in the deso
late volcano lake region in Lower Cali
fornia was the opinion expressed late
today by Colonel W. A. Glassford. com
mandant of the Army Aviation School
Colonel Glassford received a message
from immigration officials at Calexlco,
Cal., saying- an airplane had been seen
in flight by a Mexican yesterday noon
about 30 miles below the border.
Mexican cavalrymen from the garri
son at Mexicali, opposite Calexlco, were
sent out late today to assist in the
search for the lost aviators, according
to additional reports received here.
Ranchers are also expected to aid. The
search will be continued throughout
the night, as it is feared the aviators
may be suffering from exposure and
lack of food and water.
SUFFRAGE MEASURES PASS
North Dakota Senate Would Submit
Amendments to People.
BISMARCK, N. D., Jan. 11. A meas
ure providing for a constitutional
amendment granting full suffrage to
women and another providing for lim
ited suffrage were passed by the North
Dakota Senate today and now go to
If the House approves the measures
the limited suffrage amendment would
be acted upon by the electorate in 1918
and the full suffrage measure in 1920.
TEUTON DRIVE UNCHECKED
Russo-Rumans Lose Several Sup
BERLIN. Jan. 11. (By wireless to
Sayville. N. Y.) The advance of Teu
tonic forces which are invading Rou
rnania is proceeding unchecked, ac
cording to today's report from army
Several points of support along the
frontier of Northern Rournania were
captured from the Russians, and more
than 800 prisoners were taken.
RADIO MONOPOLY DESIRED
Secretary of War and Naval Officer
Advise House Committee.
WASHINGTON. Jan. 11 Secretary
of War Baker and Commander Todd,
head of the naval radio service, at a
hearing today before the House mer
chant marine committee on the Alex
ander bill to regulate radio communi
cation, advocated Government monop
oly of wireless telegraphy.
NDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 46
degrees; minimum, 40 degrees.
TODAY'S Fair, northerly winds.
Draft of desired rural credits bill argued on.
Lane replaces Its absent Senator. Page 1.
County division bills offered . in Idaho.
Bone - dry bill Introduced in Washington
House. Page e.
Four measures fostered by State Bar Asso-
clbtloc. Fate tt.
Various "bone-dry bills to be amalgamated.
Oregon Senate won't even argue when pro-
mbltloo. Is meouoDeo, rasa o.
Text of entente allies' reply to Wilson given
out. . Pago 1.
Washington sees no hope of early peace.
Berlin holds peace with Justice Is possible.
r age i.
Two British warships are sunk. Page S.
New war loan launched at London. Page S.
Senate votes to exclude liquor advertising
xrom mans to ury states. rage A.
Suffrage sentinels refuse Wilson's invitation
to come In out ol cold. Page 2.
Samuel Gompers emphasizes opposition to
compnlsory arbitration of railway strikes.
Democrats vote to drop "leak" inquiry.
Tw-i American Army aviators lost in Lower
California. Page 1.
Kentucky Governor, in person, quiets mob.
Harry Thaw tries to commit suicide with
razor. Page l.
Half million shrapnel shells blown u-n In
factory explosion in New Jersey; several
worKmen missing. rage x.
Baseball Players' Fraternity threatens
strike. Page 14-
Multnomah .Club five on edge for Oklahoma
Normal. Page 14.
Madden and Bronsou both confident of vie
tory light. Page 14.
Coast season opening In Portland may be
postponed until April 24. rage lo.
Jitney election at Oregon City assured.
Commercial and Marine.
F.rst car of beet sugar from Grants Pass
factory reaches Portland. Pago 19.
Three to four-cent advance in wheat at Chi
cago, rage v.
Stock market firmer on foreign develop
ments. Page x.
Pioposal for grain elevator to be submit
ted to voters. Page 18.
Xtwport to present arguments for deeper
channel. rage is.
Strike at Northwest Steel Company may be
called on toaay. ra.?e le.
Portland aal Vicinity.
I. W. W. members interfe-lng In strike sit
uation promise to Denave. rags 13.
Great Ballet Ruese arrives here today.
I ajtr xx
Food tiust alleged In suit to dissolve Gro
cers' Association. Pago 13.
Agnes Tries la. Fair, writer and sociological
worker, dies under train. Page 8.
William W. Porter, C. S. B.. lectures. Page 9.
Elderly men protest against civil service age
limit. Paee T.
State bankers hold elections. Page 8. .
Ad Club frolics at Benson. Page 9.
avoathar report, data and forecast. Page 19.
AIMS OF ENTENTE IMPUGNED
Desire for Exchange of Opin
ions Is Reiterated.
NOTE SENT TO-NEUTRALS
Enemy, It Is Declared, Seeks Con
quest of Prussia, Humiliation
of Austria, Mutilation of
Turkey and Bulgaria,
GERMANY'S STATEMENT TO
NEUTRALS IN BRIEF.
Entente declared to have closed
door to direct reply.
Germany and her allies held to
be fighting in defense of ex
istence. Entente, on other hand, accused
of Intention to conquer Alsace
Lorraine and several Prussian
provinces, to humiliate Austria,
partition Turkey and mutilate
"War maneuver" "in original
peace note denied.
As test of sincerity of entente
professions, Germany mentions
fate of Irish people, ' destruction
of Boer republic, subjugation of
Northern Africa, suppression of
Russian alien nations and viola
tion of Greece.
War of starvation of Germany
Use of colored troops in Europe
Barbarous treatment of pris
oners charged. ' .
Germany held to have made
honest effort to end war.
BERLIN, Jan. 11. (By wireless to
Sayville, N. Y.) Germany today banded
neutral governments a note concerning
the reply of the entente to the German
peace proposals, the Overseas News
it is first declared, aays the news
agency announcement, that the German
government has received the reply of
the entente to the note of Decembe
12 containing a proposition to enter at
once into peace negotiations.
Direct Reply to Entente Excluded,
"Our adversaries declined this propo
sltion, giving as the reason that it 1
a proposition without sincerity and
without importance," the note contln
ues. "The form in which they close
their communication excludes an an
Concluded on Page 4. Column 2.)
ON HIS FAVORITE CHARGER
Bill Xow Goes to House Provisions
Are Aimed at Houses That.
WASHINGTON, Jan. 11. Transmis-
ion in the mails of liquor advertise
ments, in circulars, newspapers or
otherwise, into states which prohibit
such advertising or solicitation, is
barred by a bill by Senator Bankhead,
of Alabama, passed today by the Sen
ate. It now goes to the House.
A clause penalizing postal employes
who' should knowingly handle the pre
scribed mail matter was eliminated.
An amendment in behalf of newspaper
publishers was added to require the
Postmaster-General from time to time
to Issue public bulletins giving lists
of states which prohibit liquor adver
tising. Senator Bankhead explained that the
bill was not aimed at newspaper adver
tising especially, but more particularly
at wholesale liquor dealers to prevent
their sending liquor advertisements and
soliciting orders through the mail into
dry" states which prohibit such ad
vertisement and solicitation.
Senators Norris and Fletcher led the
movement which resulted in striking
out the clause penalizing postal em
ployes handling such mail matter.
LIGHT CAUSES $10,000 SUIT
Tacoma Longshoreman Says Search
light Glare Ruined Sight.
TACOMA, Wash.. Jan. 11. (Special.)
Alleging that his eyes have been in
jured permanently by a searchlight.
which played over the wharf while he
worked throughout the night as
truckman on the Milwaukee docks here.
John Brown has filed suit for 110,000
damages against the Chicago. Milwau
kee & St. Paul Railway, In the Federal
Court. Brown says that he was forced
to face the light, and its penetrating
rays ruined his sight.
The light was installed during the
longshoremen's strike so that trespas
sers could be kept away from the docks.
183 SWEDISH SHIPS SUNK
Hundred Torpedoed and 2 7 Lives
Lost In Year 191 .
LONDON. Jan. 11. An Exchange
Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen
says that Sweden lost 182 ships, aggre
gating 113.000 tons last year, of" which
100 were torpedoed, with . the. loss of
The report comes from Stockholm
and adds that during the same period
Sweden built 81 ships, aggregating
BERLINERSGET EGG DAILY
Apportionment Will Continue Until
LONDON. Jan. 11. The Berlin mu
nicipality. says Reuter's correspond
ent, has announced that, notwithstand
ing the unfavorable conditions of pro
ductlon, it will be possible for every
citizen to have one egg daily between
January 12 and January 31.
Nothing at present can be said re
garding the supply of eggs after this
HE FEARLESSLY BORE DOWN UPON THE GREAT CHIEF OF ALL
THE SAVAGES. ,
Hunt by Police Has
THROAT IS SLASHED TWICE
Eighth of Inch Deeper Would
Have Made Death Certain.
RECOVERY IS EXPECTED
Attempt at Self-Destruction Made
While Search Being Conducted
in. Eastern City Charges
Are Called Blackmail.
PHILADELPHIA. Jan. 11. Harry
Kendall Thaw, under indictment In
New Tork. together with two so-called
bodyguards for an alleged attack on
Frederick Gump, Jr., a 19-year-old hjirb
school boy of Kansas City, in a New
York hotel last Christmas, attempted
suicide in a house at 5260 Walnut
street. West Philadelphia, today while
the police of virtually every city in
the East were searching for him as a
fugitive from justice.
Thaw's attempt at self-destruction
was a sensational climax to a hunt
which began here on Tuesday, follow
ing the announcement by District At
torney Swans, of New Tork. of the
latest episode in the erratic career of
the wealthy Pittsburger. which reached
its zenith in the killing of Stanford
White at Madison Square Roof Gar
den, and later when ' e escaped from
Surrender Had Been Planned.
Through counsel in Pittsburg and
New York. Thaw had arrangements
with a private detective In this city.
acting for the Thaw interests in Pitts
burg, to surrender himself tonight to
District Attorney Swann in New York,
after preliminary matters had been
formally undertaken with local author
He had agreed, according to Samuel
G. Maloney. representing a private de
teotive agency in this city, to return
to New York and go through with the
ordeal of another trial, "rather than let
tne ponce eaten mm inn treat, una xikcj
an ordinary prisoner."
Charges Called Blackmail.
Thaw regarded the "Gump charges.
on which three indictments charging
him with kidnaping and assault had
been issued, as an attempt to blackmail
him. the detective said.
Thaw gashed hlmseir with a razor
belonging to the husband of Mrs. Eliza
beth Tacot, In whose borne he was
known as "Mr. West." He had been
there since last Tuesday, when news
of the indictments and the issuance of
a bench warrant in New York became
known. He slashed his throat twice,
which required 30 stitches to close, and
i Concluded on Pace
Senator Bingham In East Buying War
Horses and Eugene Man Is
Named to Take Place
EUGENE. Or, Jan. 11. (Special.)
Walter Griffin, of Eugene, has been
designated as Senator from Lane
County with a voice, but without a
vote, by the County Court and Eugene
Chamber of Commerce.
This action was taken in view -of the
fact that Senator Isaac Bingham, who
is engaged in the purchase of war
horses In the Bast, has not attended
the session and has failed to tender his
Mr. Griffin is a member of the hard
ware firm of Griffin & Babb. and one
of the public-spirited men of Lane
County. He will serve as "Senator" in
a sort of advisory capacity without
compensation. It is said that the mem
bers of the State Senate were consulted
before the adoption of a resolution by
the County Court, asking the Senate
to extend all courtesies to Mr. Griffin.
Senator Bingham bad declared that he
would not be able to attend this ses
The Eugene Chamber of Commerce
Indorsed the resolution.
Mr. Griffin left for Salem tonight.
STATE CAPITOL. Salem. Or., Jan. 11
(Special.) Walter Griffin, who was
a member of the House in the Legis
lature of 1905, arrived in the city to
night from Eugene armed with letters
from a number of prominent people of
Lane County recommending him for
chance to sit in the seat ol L E Bing
ham, absent member from that county.
It is understood the matter will be
put before the Senate tomorrow. If
Griffin cannot be seated through the
efforts of the Senate, it is said he will
ask to be given an opportunity to sit
in Mr. Bingham's seat and not vote, but
e allowed to enter into the debates
on a number of questions in which he
MATTRESS PLANT HAS FIRE
in Hancock Blaze Estimated
at 910,000 to $15,000.
Kire last night about 10 o'clock in
the two-story frame structure at 4
Hancock street, occupied by the United
Mattress & Pad Company caused damage
estimated at between (10.000 and $15
000, according to M. D. Tarlow, one of
The fire Is supposed to have started
in some felt being fed through a card
ing machine, possibly from a spark
caused by the machine. The blaze was
spectacular, but was soon gotten under
control. The tops of two autos in th
building were burned off. it was re
For a time the blaze threatened th
old city barn nearby.
CANADA SENDS 24 MILLION
Gold Shipments Since January
NEW YORK. Jan. 11. Gold amount
ing to 124,440,000 was received at th
Sub-Treasury here today from Canada
to the account of J. P. Morgan & Co.
This makes a total inflow of 1 49,440.000
since January x lasi.
More than $400,000,000 worth of
American securities owned by British
subjects, it is estimated, has been
brought here in the last few months
as the results of the British govern
men's move to mobilize American stocks
DRY CANADA IS DEMANDED
Premier Promises Petitioners Pro
hibition Will Bo Considered.
OTTAWA. Ont.. Jan. 11. Two de
mands for complete suppression of
liquor t rattle in Canada during the war
were made on the government today.
the first by men representing temper
ance associations throughout the coun
try: the second by "the women of
Premier Borden in his reply prom
ised the government would give seri
ous consideration to a federal law
which would entirely eliminate the
ZEPPELIN CARRIES CLOUD
Latest German Aircraft Also Slakes
No Xoise In Plight.
GENEVA, via Paris, Jan. 11. A new
huge Zeppelin, the L-40. made its first
trial flight over Friedrlchshafen and
Lake Constance yesterday. It is
equipped with specially designed pro
pellers, which make it virtually noise
There is a machine on board the
craft which, when put in operation,
quickly covers the airship with smoke,
resembling a cloud, so that the airship
cannot be seen from below.
BELGIUM'S WOES DEPICTED
Cardinal Mercler Says Pew Want
Pence AVIthout Victory.
PARIS. Jan. 11. Cardinal Mercier,
in a private letter printed in La Croix,
the official church organ, declares that
if the truth were known about Bel
gium. neutral nations would not con
fine themselves to words.
The Belgian cardinal declares that
Belgium is now suffering as never be
fore. He adds that although the Bel
gians are depressed, tew want peace
Half Million Shells Are
17 WORKMEN ARE MISSING
Great Quantity of High Explo
sive Is Detonated.
SEVERAL ACRES BURNED
Inmates of Penitentiary and Insane
Asylum, Xearby, Thrown Into
Panic; l'leelng Men Slay
Bo Lost In Marshes.
NEW TORK, Jan. 11. The plant of
the Canadian Car & Foundry Company,
one-half mile east of Kingsland, N. J.,
in which were stored hundreds of thou
sands of shells destined for the Russian
government, was destroyed late today
by fire and a series of explosions which
continued for three hours. So far as
could be learned tonight, no one was
killed or Injured, although it was said
17 workmen were missing.
No estimate of the loss was obtain
able, but it was said it might reach
Powerful KxpIoiItc Vaed.
Approximately 1400 men were em
ployed in the plant, which comprised
between 40 and B0 buildings and cov
ered about 80 acres of ground. No mu
nitions were manufactured at Kings
land, but the plant was used for the
filling of shells, the chief constituent
being trlnitoluol. one of the most
powerful explosives known.
While It was estimated that nearly
500,000 shells exploded, primary fuses
or caps had not been attached to them
and consequently their detonation did
not cause the havoc that follows their
explosion when used on European battle
fronts. The roar of the shells, which
sounded like a cannonade from heavy
guns, was heard for miles, however,
and the concussions shook buildings
within a wide radius of the plant.
Ooardi Will Shoot Looters.
Kingsland. Rutherford and other
places nearby were filled with refugees
tonight, who had fled from their homes
In the vicinity of the plant. A dozen
persons were arrested at Kingsland on
charges of petty larceny, and orders
were Issued by the Sheriff of Bergen
County to the Guards sent out by him
in all directions to shoot looters.
Thomas J. Huckin. county prosecutor,
and his assistants began an Investiga
tion tonight to fix responsibility for
the disaster. The fire, which began at
3:50 P. M., still was smoldering late
tonight in the ruins. Shells exploded,
almost continuously until 7:30 o'clock,
but after that hour the detonations
were only intermittent.
Between 200 and 300 employes of
the plant who fled to escape the ex
plosions are reported to have broken
through the ice in Berry Creek, and
it Is feared some of them have been
drowned. Others are wandering through
the Hackonsack meadows, lost In the
darkness, and fugitives said some of
them might perish from the cold.
Many May Be Drowned.
The plight of those who had tried to
cross the frozen creek and had met
with disaster was related to Dr. George
W. King, superintendent of the Hud
son County Hospital for the Insane, by
Israel Williams, a workman at the
plant, who arrived at the asylum hat
less, coatless and almost frozen.
The man said many must have been
drowned in the creek and others, too
weak to continue their flight, had
dropped from exhaustion in the
Some Escape From Meadows.
Half-frozen workmen from the plant
reached Jersey City after a perilous
trip over the Hackensack meadows.
which was their only escape. They said
tlicy feared some of their fellow work
men had lost their lives, but had no
definite information. Flames from a,
small explosion in one part of the
plant spread with amazing rapidity,
James J. Kelly, warden of the Snake
Hill Penitentiary, about one mile from
the scene of the explosion, said at 6:45
o'clock tonight the detonations were
as violent as they had been an hour
The prisoners were badly" frightened
but were behaving well, and arrange
ments were boing made to remove them
should the detonations last much
Ilee4rle Wires Are Crossed.
The fire which led to the disaster
started in what was known as building
No. 30, where shells were being cleaned
with denatured alcohol. The most gen
erally accepted theory Is that electric
41-lres on the ceiling became crossed and
a piece of blazing insulation fell into
A high" northwest wind caused the
flames to spread rapidly through the
flimsy structures that made up the
plant. The company's Are brigade tried
vainly to check the Are. and within a
few minutes warning was given and.
th employes fled for their lives.
The flames leaped to buildings which
were filled with shells awaiting ship
ment. Tnere was a continuous roar
as the flaming missies flew high into
the air and exploded. Soon the entire
SO acres which the plant occupied
seemed to be covered with a sheet o
.tCoaclutltul ou Pas ii, Coluxua A-l