Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, December 07, 1916, Page 12, Image 12

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Eastern Business Office Verree & Conk
lln, Brunswick building. New York; Verree
& Conklin, Steger building, Chicago. San
ancisoo representative, K. J. Bldwell, 742
MarKet street.
The failure of the Hay law to pro
vide an Army adequate for the defense
of the country ia calmly ignored in the
report of Secretary of War Baker. He
glosses over the known facts by citing
the present paper strength of the
Army, but gives no figures as to actual
strength later than June 30, 1916,
when he had just begun to nut that law
In operation. The report Is remark
able for the Information it fails to
give, yet a comparison of certain state
ments which Mr. Baker neglects to
connect with each other suffices to
condemn not only the Hay law but the
entire system of voluntary training
and enlistment on which It Is founded.
Mr. Baker says that on August 31,
1916, there were In the Southern De
partment 48,033 officers and men of
the Regular Army. This force may be
presumed to have been employed al
most entirely In the Pershing expedl-
4m a-rA In V A . T T
that on June 80 the actual strength
of the Regular Army, including medl
cal department, but excluding the
Philippine scouts, was 101,956. The
increase in the Interval between these
dates can have been but slight, hence
the difference between the two totals
may be presumed to be the force
necessary for other service, namely
53,823. But the 48,0,00 regulars were
so utterly Inadequate for this minor
military duty that the Government
had on August SI a force of 110,526
National Guardsmen on the border. I
That is the extent to which the Reg-
ular Army falls short of 'being suffi-
cient merely to run aown a juexican
bandit and to protect our southern
border against incursions.
The Secretary informs us that the
.aw lay provides ror an increase or i
ma neguiar Army to zi7.ttt. mciua-i
ing all non-combatant organizations, I
but excluding the Philippine Scouts, wives o-America may SQlve the egg
Since the present strength falls short problem. If they will put up eggs
by 110,000 men of making the Regular when they are cheap, by the familiar
Army suffice to protect the border and anj easy water-glass process, or doubt
since, the Hay law would add 115,809 iess by other formulas, they will have
men. ronows mat ine law wouia
supply a margin of only about 5000
men over what are needed for Mexi-
can duty and regular garrison service.
.tsut toe increase under the way law is
to ne made only in nve annual in-
crements, and the force provided for
tne present nscai year is 84,683 snort
or enough, now tar it wouia ran
short of the requirements to meet
some new and greater emergency may
be left to the imagination.
Mr. Baker is decidedly vague as to
wnat progress ne nas uiaue in Drlne -
iu8 mo aim; uii lu uiupaiioroucusui.
xio icno oi mo srcut euuru raa.o
and scrape the country for recruits,
even to the employment of postmas-
ters as recruiting agents. But the best
he can say. without giving any num.
oers, is. i
There liaa been an Increase In the sum- I
uer ui nuccpiTO applications ior enlistment, i
but it not been b mart.. . r. in,.
as desired. The recruiting service, which
Is simply one of many employers, haa been
unable to secure the recruits needed. How.
ever, during June, July and August, 1916,
the number of enlistments Increased prac
tically 175 per cent over the number for
ine corresponding montna ol JVlo.
Due credit Is given by Mr. Baker
to the National Guard for the sacrifice
which it was called upon to make f or
the National defense, but citizen sol-
diers should not have been called upon both physically and mentally for serv
to make such a sacrifice for service ice both as soldiers a.nd as cftizenj.
which the Administration refuses even But it has proved the rank injustice
to call war and which is simply to
guard against what Mr. Baker styles
"disturbances by outlaws and bandits."
Allthat the Secretary says about the
hardships and distress Imposed on the
Guardsmen and their families Is itself
a condemnation of the system which I has opened many minds to the argu
he carefully abstains from condemn- I ment in favor of compulsory training
ing. It proves the Guard ,to be unfit for all. By discouraging enrfstment
for the purpose for which he says it In the Guard of those who are uh
ls designed "both by law and in con- willing to make sacrifices which are
temptation of its members the line not exacted from all, it has proved the
of defense Immediately back of the utter failure of the' Hay law as a
.Regular Army." It proves that behind
the active Army, there should be a
reserve of trained soldiers exclusive
of the National Guard. His apology
for the employment of the Guard on
border patrol Is most lame. He says
that sort of duty "may well have been
unanticipated." Any man who fol -
lowed the course of events in Mexico
and who was possessed of any fore-
sight at all should have anticipated It.
But Mr. Baker continues to dream.
Although the attempt to recruit the
National Guard up to full strength
has utterly railed, he says that under
the Hay law it "will probably consist
of about 17,000 officers and 440,000
men. Its employment on police duty
' has disposed or any probability that
It will ever reach that strength. y He on tne orucers- reserve corps,
the citizens' training camps, the . in-
crease in number of Army cadets and
military instruction to high school
students, though these are mere
patches on a discredited military
Every attempt to patch up that sys-
tern supplies additional proof that the
Nation can be equipped for. adequate
defense with justice to all Its citizens
by no other means than universal com-
pulsory military training: Congress
has before it one satisfactory substi-
tute for the Hay law; It is the Cham-
berlaln bill, requiring the of the
country to begin military training in
the schools and to complete it In the
twentieth year. This system, with
provision for an active Army of about
250,000 men. win equip the Nation to
cope with any such troubles as that
In Mexico without calling citizens
away from their regular occupations,
and to defend itself against the most
powerful nation whlah might attempt
There Is a movement for the pro-
motion of a "'safe and sane" Christ
mas this year, the animating spirits
in which are fire Insurance men, and
which has for its purpose education
of the people in fire prevention as an
incident of the celebration of the holl-
day season. It Is urged that It ought
not to be necessary to Issue a long
list of "Christmas dont's." because the
exercise of common sense will suffice.
The number of fires caused by the
use of inflammable material on Christ
mas trees is large, and the results are
often particularly distressing because
of the presence of unusual numbers of
children In the vicinity. Discarding
so far as possible of all inflammable
stuffs In decorations would seem to
be a first consideration, while it is
also urged that no fire be left un
guarded or children be permitted to
approach -too close to a tree Where
candles instead of electric -lights are
A Montana jury has found a woman
guilty of second-degree murder. . The
atmosphere of dime-novel romance
and hair-trigger gallantry with which
Montana has been enveloped by fic
tion writers exists only in the works
of their lively imagination. If Mon
tana had run true to the form pre
scribed by the Inventive reporters of
Impossible scenes, . the defendant
would have been Instantly turned loose
for the murder of a man who called
her a "red-light woman."
,The prosaic facts appear to be that
the Colby woman shot- down Thomas,
a politician, in cold blood, a full day
following the so-called Insult. She
was a reporter for a newspaper which
was engaged in a political feud with
Thomas. An attempt was made to
have it appear that she was incited
to the crime by the proprietor and
editor of the newspaper, but It has
failed already as to the editor, who
has been acquitted of complicity. It
is easy to assume that the editor, who
was accused of saying to , Miss Colby
that ' she should kill Thomas, so as
to make a first-page story, was In
dulging in mere flippancy a sorry
enough jest. Indeed, but still in all
probability nothing more.
The law of Montana makes It pos
sible In murder cases for the Jury to
fix the degree of crime and penalty.
This wise provision undoubtedly con
tributed largely to a decision by the
J lJ?
overcoming an Instinctive masculine
sentiment against hanging any woman.
A certain rich man, living In the
great city of Chicago, where they do
not rals0 a but use m-
,, . . .. . . , , .
Uons of them- 13 have bought
72.000.000 eggs last Spring and to
have put them In cold-storage. Now
he baa eggs for sale "kt a high price.
and he will make a , fortune out of
them. He has achieved Nation-wide
odium for his enterprise. He de
serves it, for he proposes to gouge
the public to the last penny. Yet if
the. man were to be content with a
reasonable profit he would be justly
regarded as a philanthropist.
This wise Chicago barbarian sug-
e-ests the verv wav in which the house
eggs when eggs are scarce and dear.
There is no good reason why the
thrifty householder should not buy
esga in the Spring at 20 to 25 cents
per dozen less, sometimes and pre-
serve them for the time certain to
COme six months later when they will
D0 worth 40 to 60 cents a dozen.
if it be said that the average family
cannot afford to eat eggs at 6 0 cents
a dozen, there is nothing to prevent
tnelr sale. Why let the selfish Chl-
cag0 BamDler make all the profit in
it the conscientious family pro-
vider is not satisfied, to venture a
iitti0 speculative flyer in eggs on his
own account, let him (or her) move
lnto the suburbs and start a poultry
yard. It will be a pleasant occupa-
tion. but not so profitable, probably,
as letting someone else raise eggs and
in Bs nnft's own middleman
acting as ones own middleman.
The service of the National Guard
oh the Mexican border has been worth
all It has cost from several viewpoints.
It has gained its first purpose of
I stopping bandit raids. It has given
I more than 100,000 citizens a period of
tratntng, which has improved them
I of calling 100,000 patriotic nien away
I from their regular occupations to
I serve their country while 10,000,000
I others less patriotic stay at home at
I their ease. By showing that it bene-
I fits those who undergo it, this service
I means of providing adequate defense.
I The people have learned that life
in a military camp under strict dis-
clpllne and constant training In a
vigorous Ufa ia beneficial to men's
physique. It stimulates patriotism and
respect for law, while it does not
1 make men militarists who thirst for
war. But if it is good for one, it is
I good for all. Smith, who went to
I the border, obtained these benefits of
I his own will, and thus contributed his
share to the country's good;, why
I should not Robinson, who stayed" at
home, be required to do the same. oi
tain the same benefits, contribute his
1 share of efficiency to the Nation and
I have his verv dormant rmtriotism
Yet the unexpected call for their
services for a prolonged period on
which they had not calculated 4 has
I caused the Smiths to ask why t.hey
l should do it, when the Robinsons do
I not. As an answer the Smiths are
joining the Robinsons by thousands.
The ranks of the National Guard are
being seriously thinned by the sum-
mons to take the Federal oath to
serve three years with the' colors" and
three years with the reserve, with a
chance of being called upon for- sev-
era! months' ' patrol duty. Illinois,
which began the year with 6334 men
in its National Guard, had enrolled
only between 2500 and 3000 of them
in the- Federalized Guard down to
November 30. Recruiting was killed
by the Hay law. Instead of expand
ing and giving new life to the National
Guard, that law has shrunk ahd well-
nigh killed the organization. Greatly
as they had benefited by their Texas
experience, the Guardsmen also lost
I much. Many of them did not bar-
I gain for any such thing when they
I originally enlisted, and they want no
more of It,.
1 The case - for compulsory training
- I and . for a regular Army enlarged by
that means to a size sufficient' for all
I such duty as the National Guard Is
I performing has been made lmmeasur-
1 ably stronger. The, Hay law should
I go Into the discard, and the Chamber-
I lain bill should taWe Its place. It
I would make all of ua better citizejja In
every way; it would no more make us
militarists than, the same system has
made the Swiss hungry for war.
The Oregonian has a letter from a I
subscriber of strong Southern sym-
pathies who declares that "you would
do just what the white people do in
the South ,if you had to live there."
Perhaps so, perhaps so; but the argu-
mentum ad hominem is not always
conclusive, however entertaining it
may be. .
-We agree that the negro is by force
of. circumstances the Southern prob
lem, and we hope to see the South
solve it. " There are voice there which
are becoming heard more and more,
crying for sanity, moderation and jus-
nutj, una uemanumg maw ixv xiavo -""
run legal rights.
The Atlanta Constitution, an influ-
ential newspaper, is evidently much
disturbed by the emigration - of ne-
groes .ast and North. The heaviest
emigrations, says a dispatch to the
Constitution, have been from tne coun-
ties where there have been the worst
racial outbreaks. It continues:
It is developed by investigation that where 1
tnero nave oeen lyncnings. tne negroes nave
gration agents have told them of plot for
the removal or extermination of the race,
Comparatively few negroes have left Dough-
ell WU1CI1 IB CVUblUClCU O.llll i
In view of the fact that this la one of the
counties fi Southwest Georgia In which a I
lynching- baa never occurred.
It is interesting to note that the
Constitution remarks further that
"mob activity has ... grown
from bad to worse until it has become
not only a social and moral, but a se-
rious business problem. It is impera-
tive that we get back to a basis of
law and order, not half-heartedly, not
half way,, but wholly and determined-
It would appear that the Constitu-I
tion ought to be regarded as loyal to
Southern interests and Southern tradi-
tlons. There is a way to solve the
negro question, undoubtedly. It will
never be done by the mob. I
- I
The great majority of the ships built 1
In the United States in the ten montha
ending witn uctooer were registered
in mis country ana mereiore lor
American owners, according to a re-
port of the Bureau of Navigation. The
total for Americans was 8 68 vessels
of all kinds, of 405,894 gross tons,
against forty-seven for foreigners, of
25,790 tons. Of the American vessels,
742, of 821,853 gross tons, were built
on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts for
ocean and coastwise trade, as com
pared with ninety-six, of 78,959 tons.
on the Great Lakes, and ISO, of 5082
tons, on the Western rivers.
Of sea-going - craft, . the Atlantic
Coast built 489, of 247,274 tons, and
the Pacific Coast 253, of 74,579 tons.
A recent report of the number build
ing. and' under - contract gave much
larger totals for both coasts, indicating
that American shipyards have only
Just begun to show results from the
tnnm TV. T i f i ! 1 .
should show a much larger new ton-
ttiiutnei- .;u.l. I
By joining in the general movement
of the Pacific Northwest to attract
tourist travel to this section of the
West, Oregon hotel men show them
selves alive not only to their own in
terests but to those of the whole state.
which are identical with those of ad-
joining states. "vThen people come here I
for pleasure they are apt to return as
permanent residents or to seize oppor
tunities for investment. Their pleas-
ure tours, while a source of profit to
the state, Often' serve only as an Intro-
duction which results in their enlist-
ment -In the business and development I
of the state.
Ab 'an inducement for tourists, one, I
two or throe attractions are not suffi- I
cient, for they , do not make a tour, I
No. person. will travel 3000 miles to
spend a aay in seeing tne Columbia it should be unnecessary to adver
River Highway alone, or Mount Hood tlse to the world that there is a fam
alone, or Crater Lake alone. But In,, Df fourteen twelve children in
these attractions. In connection with a
series of others strung through Ore
gon, Washington, Idaho and British
Columbia, will draw travel, provided
that facilities exist for traveling to and
seeing them in comfort. Tourists in
Europe do not go to see the Matter-
horn alone; they go to see the Tyrol
They do not go to see Mount St. Ber
nard alone; they go to see all of Swit
zerland. They do not go merely to see
Heidelberg; they make the tour of the
Ft-otti VpllmvstftTlA "PnrTr fh tlift Pa..
r-iflo nea.n there is a series of natural
wnnrtoT-H Ki-rnassinir nnvthlnir In th
Old World. That we may Induce peo-
pie to visit them it is necessary that
we make them accessible with good
roads and modern vehicles, and that
we make lifo at them enjoyable with -"eul-Erood
hotels, and then that we make I -
them known as parts of a single tour.
Pleasure-seekers will come to see all
of them who would not come to see
any one of them alone.
The past season has been marked
by a noteworthy increase in the num
ber of fatalities among hunters. In
fifteen states in which statistics have
ueeu wuiyiicu u uid innrbu xuuuuc,
ma ouuiucr ui uciua w .o ciiiiy-six
and the number of persons injured
forty-one. This is compared wiU fifty-
nine killed and sixty-six injured last
year, when the figures were gathered
for eighteen states. The figures in
clude not only the short deer season
of the northern states, but also the
duck and rabbit season. - Michigan
leads this year with twenty-two fatal
ities, Illinois is second with thirteen
and eleven were reported in New York
The figures in the main show that
himters persist in being careless.
doubtless because among the number
there are so many who are not trained
in the use of firearms, and because
so many are prone to shoot at
sounds." This latter factor is so im
portant in the opinion of many sports
men that there is talk of a more gen
eral enactment of a "buck law," like
that in Wisconsin, which absolutely
prohibits shooting until the target is
clearly visible. The efficacy of this
law lies In the warning it conveys
where prosecutions are strict, regard
less of whether violations are attended
bv serlcVlla results. But In the nature
f of hunting, It is not easy to appre-
hend offenders. Hunting grounds are
isolated 4nd game wardens, no matter
how diligent, cannot be everywhere.
It Is asserted in behalf of the Wlscon-
sin law that It reduced fatalities to
six this year, or less than a third of
the number in Michigan. The heavy
toll taken by carelessness in the hunt-
ing field is made more Impressive by
the returns for three years. In which
persons were killed .and 269
. The Game Commissioner of Michi
gan has a rather curious theory to
account for the. circumstance that the
past year has the worst record in re
cent nunting history, ne thinks a
good many hunters stayed home on
account of the political campaign, and
going into the woods after election
day made an effort to make up for
lost time. So there were more hunt
ora rint at nn timn than usual.- This
r,I.tri ti,. woods, relatively soeak-
ln&i and naturally in the "crowd" the
Duileta were more likely to find bil-
lcts Tllls explanation is not alto-
eether fantastic and it may account
for somo of the accidents. The real
PPsn fo most of them, however, is
that Inexperienced hunters will not
wait until they are sure of the nature
of their game. Shooting at moving
twigs as well, as sounds is too com
mon. The state is exercising a proper
function in the protection of its citi
zens when it fixes a heavy penalty
for Varitv of carelessness, but the
trouble lies In enforcing it.
hfst. hunting has its risks. No
nrorantinns. Kemln-lv. will make it
absolutely safe. 'The moBt peculiar
accident of the recent season illus-
trates this. A hunter left his dog
bGhInd when he started out. but the
animal contrived to unfasten a door
Ljha 6et out on -the trail- He was so
overfovad- at overtaking his master
that he leaned unon him and pulled
th(J trigger Of the hunter's shotgun,
killing him. No la.w could be framed
to reach this case, but the practice
-r , ,,,,., r,r ufrnlnino tVnm
,;i V. . .
'vouiu8 uwu S""- '"J ,
reached likely hunting ground, would
have saved this man's life. Constant
admonition and education, as well as
legislation, are called for if hunting
Is to be as safe as it ought to be
There is no end to our Increasing
needs. We have no sooner begun the
work of putting signboards and finger
posts on the automobile highways and
marking our streets so that strangers
may find their way about them than
Miss Ruth Law asks us to" designate
our cities so that aviators may know
where they are without coming down
to find out- As aviation increases in
popularity this will become a more
and more pressing problem. All will
agree that it Is unfair to the birdman4
to cinprt him to ltnnw how everv cltv.
towT. or viuaee looks from the sky.
and some means should be devised to
inform him at a glance whether he Is.
for examnle. In Portland. Or., dr Rlv.
erside. Cal. It also will suggest itself
to the man on the keen lookout for
the "tourist trade" that landlnc places
should be added to the attractions of
cities, with convenient supplies of fuel
and refreshments. This is a depart
ment of tourist travel that heretofore
has been almost wholly neglected.
Readers of sea tales will be grieved.
even .after the lapse of many years, to
learn that Captain Joshua Slocum has
been held to be "legally dead," the
news coming In the form of an an
nouncement by the Century Company
that it has paid over the accumulated
royalties on the fascinating book.
"Sailing Alone Around the World," to
his widow. Captain Slocum" was an
. , . v - . , w .
Lnv... Wrtt wnr ot , ii
frnm Jow Vtoforf on .nniher vn
and was said to be bound to South
America, After a lapse of time word
was received that he had arrived in
British Honduras. Months afterward
another report, never fully substan
tlated, came that he had been seen
toiling up the Amazon. Nothing more
ever was heard from him or his boat,
and it has been regarded as safe to
assume that he was lost In one of the
remote corners or tne wona.
The St. Louis Globe-Democrat ia
perplexed as to the Identity of the
one Missourian who pays income tax
on $1,000,000 a year and says: "There
are fifteen or twenty Missourians, any
one of whom might be this solitary
individual." The sleuths of the In
ternal Revenue Bureau will now take
the hint and go in search of the others.
Portland suffering for necessities, and
It is time for reverse action" on the
practice that what is everybody's busi
ness Is nobody's business.
The mother reared in the old-fash
ioned-way knows how to cook and
conserve and teaches the art to her
daughters. They, however, are of a
later and wiser generation and some
times do not have the daughters and
do not like to cook.
ino suiiragists wno nung a c-anner
-I tbe Chamber of the House Of Rep
resentaUves no doubt enjoyed hazing
"w't'wov,- uui appttreuuy ne am
also.' and there are no .signs that they
won any votea 'or the nuffrage amend-
Japan has grown so rich by war
lraao " -a-asj lent asu.uuu.uuu xo
Great Britain. It is only a few years
since Japan was supposed to be so
poor that it had not enough money to
pay the Janitors. -
Senator Kenyon, of Iowa, a Repub
lican, would make betting on elections
a tmnishable offense, but. alas! hA la
rather late and the next campaign Is
I long Way Off.
When you find a bogus farmer Is
tryiuff to "ell Inferior fruit, - send
a hurry call to the Food Commis
sioner. There is room in jail for that
kind of fellow.
Although an American boat, sold
but not delivered, to, France, the John
Lambert waa flying the French flag,
and that made her fawful prey of a
The ' roadworleera In Baker County
who unearthed a colony of more than
600 snakes can aid the" cause of tem
perance by naming the brand.
"The only people among the allies
who are winning any victories In these
days are the Serbians, who a year ago
were wiped off the map. . .
Mere man would suggest a relief for
shortened hosiery In lengthened sup
porters, but what does man know
alJout these mysteries?
successor as Minister to Slam
clta ourpaso joon xaarrett, wno ois-
covered tne 30 o,
Another outrage on the I. W. W.
Tho Tacoma police refuse to admit
them to jail
Borne humor in tne statement that
the Mint may suspend work for lack
of funds.
The U-boats seem to miss the ves
sels that bring the millions of British
Get a copy of the new traffic rules
and learn them, -
Stars and Starmakers
By Leone Cava Bier,
BLOOD may not always telL but It's
a cinch it will tell if It's Adele
Blood. She Is the best little contribu
tor to the press the theatrical world
can boast.' Just now ahe's playing a
heavy-thinking role In "Half a Minute
Kendall," a comedy in three acts by
Owen Davis. Seven columns of Blood
and a dozen pictures of Adele'a mar
velous blonds hair are in my waste
basket right this' minute. The play
isn't a success but Adele always is.
B. IT: D. If you will send me a self-.
addressed, stamped envelope I will be
glad to give you the Information you
are seeking. Also the poem you en
close about Frances Cameron's eyes Is
clever, but has no local bearing since
the owner of the eyes is now in New
York and possibly would not see the
poem If printed in this column. Bet'
ter make another copy and mail It to
her, care of Oliver Morosco's Produ
cing Agency In New York.
There's to be a second road com
pany of "Come Out of the Kitchen.'
Henry Miller, its producer. Is now cast
ing a new company to open near Chi
cago next month with a view to go
ing into that city for a run. Ruth
Chatterton is In the New York com
pany. This play was tried out in San
Francisco and was a huge hit.
Gosh, I'm slow. I thought Vernon
Castle was dead and here I've just
heard that plans being rrlade by Eliza
beth Marbury to present Mrs. Vernon
Castle in a new play this season have
been Indefinitely postponed, as Mrs.
Castle Is going to Europe in January to
visit her husband, who is In the avia
tion corps of the English army. Be
fore sailing Mrs. Castle -is coming to
the Faciflo Coast.
Maternity isn't going to Interfere
with the plans of Billie Burke. Little
Mia Flo Patricia Burke Zelgfeld Is
now about a month old and mother
Blllle Is making plans to return to the
footlights. (She Is to appear about Feb
ruary 1 In a new comedy-drama writ
ten for her by Edward Sheldon. This
will be her first appearance In legiti
mate drama since she played "Jerry,"
under the management of the late
Charles Frohman, for since the moving
pictures claimed her she has been occu
pied . In the filming of "Peggy" and
the chapters of "Gloria's Romance."
both of which were highly successful
on the screen.
Her new play is as yejt unnamed, but
Is said to deal with two different
phases of Nevifc Tork life, and to be
written in the playright's best man
ner. Miss Burke will be under the per
sonal and exclusive management of her
husband. Florens Ziegfeld, Jr.
Whiob, la Itself Is an interesting an
nouncement, for Flo Ziegfeld has been
identified with nothing but musical
comedy and girly girly 4hows since
hla production with William Brady of
"Way Down East."
Charlotte Walker has a new play
and of course It's by her husband. Ev
ery play she appears Tn Is from the pen
of Eugene Walters, which keeps all the
coin In the family.
They're wise folk. The new play Is
called "Pussy-foot Patricia," and It's
to open around Christmas.
A lotta actors are' going broke In
fact it's quite, the thing and being
done extensively this FalL The latest
la Burr Mcintosh. He has filed a vol
untary petition in bankruptcy. He gave
his assets as nothing and his liablli
ties as 112,037. He said his occupation
was photographer and his address 600
Fourth avenue. Molntosh last appeared
In an all-star revival of Trilby, but it
didn't get out of New York.
John Cort Is soon to produce "Mother
Cary'a Chickens," a new play drama
tized by Rachel Crothers from the story
by Kate Douglas Wlggin.
. The domestlo troubles of Harry
First and bis wife. Florence Hadley,
in a turbulent state during the Sum
mer, have been peaceably settled, with
the couple once more reunited.
They are to appear In the same vau
devllle sketch, "The Buyer From Pitts
burg." Wonder if Harry First's middle
name Isn't safety.
Evelyn Nesbit and her husband. Jack
Clifford, are coming again to visit us
via vaudeville. Announcing It several
weeks ahead will give a lot of women
plenty of time to get out their little
J. Francis Doolev and Corlnne Sales
are playing In London at the Pavilion
in "Tha Piccadilly Reme." They were
here last year on the Orpheum.
Priscilla Knowles, who used to play
leads with the Robert Athon stock In
Portland, is now second woman with
the Empire players In Salem, Mass.
The oldest actress in the world-
least the oldest actress who admits she
Is 93 just celebrated her birthday In
Sutter, N. J. Her name- is Mrs. John
A- Ellsler, and she had a party and got
a lot of telegrams of congratulation
from her schoolgirl friends who are
touring In the chorus.
. . . .
It Is rather Interesting- to discuss
audiences with stage folk, For actors
do study their audiences ; and they do
differentiate between crowds in front.
Allene Durano, who will appear here
tonight as Mary Grayson In ohan &
Harris famous comedy .success, "It
Pays to Advertise," Is a bright young
woman and keen observer. Yesterday,
discussing the subject. Miss Durano
said: . "Most actors will tell you that
they want a lot of men In the house.
Men have hands and are not afraid to
use them: men are quick to dlscrlmln
ate, and they are not afraid to say they
like something, conveying the informa-
tion with hearty applause. They prob
ably make more noise, and may give
you more curtain calls, but give me
the audience of women. They are not
only quicker than men at seeing
point, they are, not only more aincerely
appreciative, but they are better judges
of acting, and they are more discrim
. a - .
"Treasure Island," Jules Bckert
Goodman's dramatization, played Its
246th performance' last Monday at the
Punoh and Judy Theater In New York.
Josephine Vlotor, who visited ua as
the charming little hen pheasant with
Mauds Adams in "Chantloler," la to be
featured in a new play to be produced
by Walter Wanger after January 1,
She haa abandoned -her play by
Brieua, called 'The Red Robe," whioh
George; Broadhurat adapted.
Tax Limitation Mar Require Chance In
County Government.
TOLEDO. Or.! Dec 4. (To the Edi
tor.) As The Oregonian was one of
the supporters of the tax and Indebted
ness limitation amendment, which was
adoDteri, by tne rteoole of Oretron by -di
rect vote on November 7. and in view
of your position, as explained In vari-
ous editorials In support of this meas
ure, it would not be presuming to say
you found yourself in that position as
a result of a careful Investigation of
the whole question, or. In ot'.ier words.
you were forced to that position as &
matter of public welfare- and publio
I requested you while the campaign
wasVon to explain this measure, telling
us how it would work out. but time
was pressing and the matter waa over-
looked. I opposed this proposed amend
ment, but Oat doesn't matter, for that
part of it is settled. Now I request
again that you, as a matter of public
emergency, explain.
The publio press and most ' of Oe
publio officers are spending their en
ergy on the bone-dry amendment. 'Im
portant as this may be, the limitation
amendment is far more Important. If
this means Just what It says, and we
presume It does, how can a county with
a debt greater than 15000 transact any 1
Dusiness7 ir incurring indebtedness is
in violation of this amendment, are I
salaries on contract like tiose of pub-
nfrHt Vt0.' "---Jing county, or
ions frt,y?2ent ' w'dwjV P-
n-Moi, i Jt i ? poor' boarding of
w.fiH l2, iVV?la"n .f thlS BCt?
'"-, j " "io o..i uu
?. ?,n.a vlunta-y-Jbt7
nwTri-. t T J coun,U!8 w;hfero
the liabilities reach beyond the limit
violating this act if he opens his of
rice on November 8 or any morning
since that date? If incurring t:ils in
debtedness is in violation of this act.
can he collect the bill? And If he can
not collect his pay, wnat would you
iaii it. r
Can the public renudlatA lt nhiie-n..
tlons, and violate its contracts 7 Please
give us your views through The Ore
gonian on these pressing questions.
' W. E. BALL.
The effect of tie last paragraph of
the tax limitation amendment. In the
opinion of The Oregonian. Is to render
nugatory any constitutional or legis
lative requirements that a county Incur
obligations In excess of its powers to
levy taxes and incur Indebtedness.
Necessity for the Legislature to recon
struct county government was not un-
forseen by The Oregonian. - It could
be done to advantage m some Instances.
If in any county payment of salaries,
widows' pensions and other obligations f tVtute cfnnot be made by
cent, that county Is top heavy with
government and should apply to fae
Legislature to iavo some of .it
lopped off. 1
Mr. Cline Philosophizes on Cheating in
School Examinations.
tor.) "Cheating is so common in exam-
lnatlons that hlsh school students have
come to regard the practice as a leglti-
mate use 01 tneir wits against those of
the teachers.'" aavs Statfl Runnrintonri-
ent Churchill to Yamhill County teach-
More than a century has elansed
since the philosopher Kant wrote: "We'
are living in an age of culture and
civilization but not a moral age. The
question yet remains unanswered.
whether a primitive condltioS would
not bo a better state. It Is seemingly
Impossible by mere schooling to make
men better if the heart, is not corre
spondingly educated."
Ior have we advanced a sins-la sten
beyond the stand taken by the distin
guished author quoted. The trickery
alluded to by the State Superintendent,
along with the frequent house break
ings for purposes of robbery and theft.
Dy Duncnes or mere schoolboys in this
city fully confirms it.
There may be less barbarity nowa
days. But there is an' alarminer amount
of slyness, lying, and false pretenses
that require mental capacity. If for -
merly ignorance led to crime, one-sid-
ed education or overeducation in one
direction is now the cause of lncreas-
ing moral turpitude. Surely It can bode
no gooa wnen the maxim of pupils is
that "he alone Is to be censured who
allows himself to be caught." Moral
worth must be rated higher than an
swers 10 questions in textDooKs or
there are Dreakers ahead.
Moreover, the law now on the statute
books of Oregon making it a misde
meanor to employ a boy to work before
he is 18 Is working untold mischief.
Such a law; Is Itself a high crime. If a
boy does not learn to work before he is
16 years old he Is morally certain to
eschew work ever after. , If the score
or more young boys most, if not all,
boys In school arrested In Portland
the last two or three weeks for crimes
had been compelled to work so hard
that they would have been glad when
night came to go to bed and sleep, they
and their friends would now be better
off. Nothing so good for a boy as hard I The routine of such a plant as de
work. C. E. CLINE. I or-rihH trnpx on the year around. In
Mny Get Out of Burliness Before Year
Haa Elapsed.
PORTLAND, Dec 6. (Xo the Editor.)
Everyone who has tried to keep poul-
try knows it is a losingproposltiou. be-
cause feed is too high. The dairyman
suffers losses also because feed, is ao
high priced. W
For several years I have noticed that
the poultry rsnsers seldom stay" with
the business more than one year, and
it takes just about a year to get every-
thing properly fitted up, the different
yards, or runs, and the houses built.
Then he sells out If he can; if not. he
Just disposes of his flock of fowls and
tries some otner Business. -
Right, in. Portland many, who keep
Just a ew hens to furnish fresh eggs
for the table are facing the same prob-
lem and poor biddy Is doomed; the hens
must go!
The promise is given that a thorough
investigation is to be made of the cold-
Biorage block, ana aaie requirea picea
jii 1110 xue&i, ea, eic, nepi in coiu
u ro .h. ,
tuff Visa iAn li.nt n.r
We have been told by 'someone who
knows, that there is meat enough now
in cold storage to keep Portland a year.
Thls embalmed meat is doled out to
customers In slices so thin you go see
through them. Such great quantities.
of course,-are kept in stock to keep up
the price.
It is said that a whole band of cattle
is slaughtered as soon as possible and
placed in cold storage to save cost of
feeding livestock.
Use of Extract of Clmlctfna-a.
THH DALLES. Or.. Dec 6. (To the
Editor.) How much could you take of
fluid uTtrart of eimlclf usra. taklna- 15
drops three times a day. and would it
affect you In any way?
The standard dose of the extract Is
from one-half to one teaspoonful three
or four times a day. A teaspoonful is
equal to about 60 drops. Fifteen drops
three times a day would not have an
effect rf taken contlnu-
Ironn negation of Bucharest.
PORTLAND, Dec 6. (To the Editor.)
.Please give the correct pronunciation
of Bucharest. READER.
Aa If spelled Blu-ka-rest; "u" as In
tube; "e" as In met; principal accent
on thA last avllAhlA! iAAnd&rv sceunt
oi flret syllable,.
In Other Days.
Twenty-five Tears Age.
From The Oregonian of December T.
San Francisco Seven thousand peo
ple attended the Portland-San Jose
oaseDaii game fcunoay.
The San Jose
team won, B to S.
There Is, a more hopeful feeling in
Nicaragua about the construction of
the canal as the Chill affair has shown
the United States the need of moving
warships' quickly.
Mine host Perkins entertained a par
ty of cattlemen at the Hotel Perkins
s,t,:rday- Among those present were
ui f ocne, iuno, j-.
" -wuu uiuuccy sua omers.
Mrs. Boyne. wife of Contractor
Boyne, shot a ' burglar when he at
tempted to enter her' home Saturday
night. The burglar got away, but he
left some of his blood.
The Toung Men's Republican Club la
getting ready for '92. A convention
has been called for January 28 in Co
lumbia Hall. 128 V, Fourth street. The
call Tor the meeting is signed by John
Ayer. chairman, and L. Q... Swetland.
Half a Century Asro.
Tram The Oresonlan December 7, 186a
New YorkDec. 5. The total vote for
City Comptroller was only 71.000.
Richard B. Connolly (Tammany) re-
ceved 27.139; Richard Ripley (Repub-
ncan) 25.091. and Michael Connelly
(Democrat) 19.230. Of the nine Alder-
mei elected Tammany has four,
Washlngton J. C. Breckinridge has
petitioned for a pardon on the grounds
that the terms accorded Lee and John
son Included him.
Geiferal James F. Rusling was In
Portland yesterday on an Inspection
trip of this department.
The Young Men's Law Association of
Portland elected J. B. Upton president:
J mes Guthrie, vice-president; R. E.
Bybee. secretary, and J. C. Moreland.
London, Deo. 8. Two regiments of
troops were ordered to leave at once
for Ireland, where Fenian excitement
is on the increase.
Greater Attention to Flour, Sugar and
' Meat Suggested Inxtead.
PORTLAND, Dec. 6. rTo the Edi-
trT Whv th a Armriinn li mi
Lir. fivn tn th ir,m. unr-tion of
boycotting the egg? Now eggs at this
tima of tn" year 0,18:111 PrPerly como
on the list of luxuries, therefore, in
stead of boycotting them throughout
the country they should be so consid
ered and not come under a wfdespread
ban of disapproval. Why not begin
with the so-called necessities flour,
sugar, fresh meat and bacon?
The ingredients of bread should have
he first gun wound from the hands of
tha Irate housewife. Hour has nearly
doubled Its ordinary price, sugar tne
same; meat (this Includes bacon) a big
For years the cry has gone up,
through the newspapers and through.
clubs, both of men and women: ."Back
to the land, for unless 'more people
till the soil we of the cities will starve."
Many have been decoyed by the glit
tering promises of rewards to try this
philanthropic experiment of feeding
the masses. With what result? The
We, like many others, heard this call
and felt tha lure of the land and, giv
ing up the comforts of the city and the
city income, bought a farm. Among
the many improvements we undertook
was putting in an extensive egg plant.
This plant is modern in every respect.
All the latest ideas of the eggologists
as promulgated by the O. A. C. are car
ried out. Well lighted chicken-houses,
lnsect-freo roosts, floors covered with
clean litter, the proper well-balanced
ration, with green feed and running
Spring water. The presiding genius of
I these comfortable quarters. Mistress
I White Leghorn, never puts her dainty
foot on the ground from the time she
is placed in this confinement. Result,
the perfectly sanitary egg.
.Now all this requires money. The
plant has cost thousands of dollars.
First, the buildings; then the day-olii
chicks, their feed and care. A man of
special knowledge jnd ability in this
lino at a good wage has charge of tha
plant. To the upkeep or overhead ex
penses must be charged a - certain
amount for experimenting for the hen.
the queen of boycotters herselr. win
often resent any condition not to her
likinsr and it often requires some time
to find out the exact cause for which
she is holding up her production. All
this time the man and feed must be paid
I for Add to this the insurance on the
buildings, the interest on investment,
the taxes on the plant, and you can
readily see that it cannot with justice
tn th nwner r.ome under the head of an
I eleemosvnarv institution.
the Spring and Summer the price of
esgs is low, hardly more than paying
the operating expenses. xno tuimuci-
cial egg in certain months will not
even do .that. The Fall and Winter
are the seasons the producer expects,
and justly, to make a profit on his
Tnrnsiv nlant. This year, however.
wheat is about double its normal price.
corn about a third and oats 2a per
cent above the normal price. Without
much mental .effort one can see the
,-hy of the high egg price.
If you would follow the storage egg
from its production to its final restiug
niarfl you would ascertain many facta
that would surprise the housewife and
that would be well for her to know. '
In thia caso it is not the producer but
the middleman who reaps the profits.
1 There is an egg, however, that is.
,h,an nrl all those who believe in free
trade should be glad and willing to
eat That is the Chinese, egg. Of
course it is produced under the most
insanitary conditions in the world, but
lt hould be recognized as the epitome
of tho freest illustration of true demo-
1 cracy. EGGSACTLx.
I Only by Much Coaxing; Csu Biddy Be
Induced to Ly at Thla Season.
WARREN, Or., Dec. 6. (To the Ed-
itor-) i would like to suggest to the
wh -r srrowlne hysterical
over the high price "Of eggs, that they
organize a poultry research cluhj for
the purpose of studying a subject of
which they are apparently In total
They will learn that only by a great
amount of coaxing in the way of vari
ety of feed and comfortable quarters
can a hen be induced to lay at this sea
son of the year; that fresh eggs have
I always been 60 and 60 cents a dozen in
1 November and December because of
! their scarcity, and if worth that In the
I days of cheap feed, are sold at a loss
I at this time, with feed prices Just dou-
I Die wnat they usea to oe wneat neau-
ing the list at 4 a sack and corn a
I close second at 3.
'' a"or "Bm. "
p""" lc"" " v"
K""60 Beourlng1B; d,oz1n,fr two,f eSK!
would feel like selling at
68 cents a dozen, which I believe their
wisdom has determined to be about the
right price?
Methinks when they have concluded
their researches, they will not only
gladly pay the 60 cents a dozen, but
will enthusiastically raise a fund for
the purpose of reimbursing the few
poultrymen who have had the nerve to
stay with the business for the loss they
I have sustained in supplying the market
I with fresh farm in thin winter of 1916-
i oe-oe tub LOBbna,