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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 28, 1916)
VOL. L.VI. NO. 17,348.
PORTLAND, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 28, 1916.
rKICE FIVE CENTS.
Wilson to Ask Congress
Thursday to Use Force,
GENERAL WHITE TO
COMMAND TROOP A
ADVANCE IN COAST
AND LB. ID
T. R. WOULD LEAD
DIVISION TO FIELD
LEAVE IS GRANTED FOR ACTIVE
SERVICE OX BORDER.
RECRUITS -TOLD NO FIGHTING
WILL BE NECESSARY
COLONEL TO ASK WILSON TO
LET IIIM ORGANIZE BODY.
Water Competition No
REPLY TENOR NOT
Pending Release of Captives
Mediation or Arbitration
Talk Is Spurned.
PRISONERS WELL TREATED
Mexican Diplomat Protests at
Embargo and at Arrest
MEXICO CITY, June -' There h
fceen a clash between Mexicans and
Americana In Northern Sonora, accord
ing to a report received from Brlg-adter-fieneral
Callen, Military Governor of
Konora. No details were given.
WASHINGTON;' June 27. Unless
General Carranza surrenders the 23
American troopers held at Chihuahua
City before tomorrow night, President
Wilson probably will go before Con
gress Thursday to ask for authority
to rescue them by force. Pending
their release the United States Gov
ernment will not consider any offer
cf mediation or arbitration.
State Department officials said late
tonight that they had received no in
timation of the probable tenor of Gen
eral Carranza's reply to the note sent
Sunday demanding immediate release
cf the soldiers or of the probable time
tf its arrival. As soon as it reaches
the department, they said, its receipt
will be announced.
Note Delivered Monday.
It was delivered yesterday at 11
A. M. Special Agent Rodgers has
been unable to forecast the action of
the de facto authorities.
Prompt compliance by Congress
with any request the President may
Make as to Mexico was foreshadowed
today by the calm which prevailed in
both houses. Although measures de
signed to prepare for war were under
consideration and the corridors of the
Capitol hummed with rumors, there
was no excitement, and discussion of
the subject on the floor was avoided.
Eliseo Arredondo, Mexican Ambassador-designate,
said he had received
no intimation of the course his gov
ernment intended to pursue, and had
riot even been advised of the receipt
of the American note. '
Embargo Brings Protest.
On his own responsibility, however,
be sent to the State Department
two communications. One complains
ft gainst the enforcement of a general
embargo on shipments to Mexico; the
either recites that Mexican citizens
have been arrested without cause in
California and Arizona. ,
They warn Secretary Lansing that
the present situation between the two
governments cannot fail to be gravely
aggravated by these matters, although
setting forth that the Ambassador
assumes the local authorities, not the
State Department, were responsible.
Embargo Is Open Secret.
So far as is known, the State De
partment has not been advised of the
detention of Mexicans. It is an open
secret, however, that a practical em
bargo on commerce between the
United States -and Mexico is being
Efforts to sound the Administration
officials anew today as to their atti
tude toward some form of arbitration
met with a chilling reception. Charles
A. Douglas, recently employed as
General Carranza's adviser here,
called on Counsellor Polk at the State
Department. He and Dr. Victor A.
Tendon, head of the Yucatan Sisa.'
Commission, had received word from
Luis Cabrera, the Mexican finance
minister, that General Carranza was
disposed to appeal to the arbitration
provision of the treaty of 1848.
Mediation Idea Spurned.
Mr. Douglas is understood to have
suggested that the arbitration pro-
viaea lor uiiuer section 01 toe
:jJ 1 i! o, f i i
treaty could well be employed to for
mulate a different question as be
tween the two governments, which in
turn might be settled by mediation.
He left the conference with the clear
impression that the Washington Gov
4 Concluded on Fage Columa :;. )
Guard Officer Prefers Lower Rank
In Field to Remaining at
Home 'While Others Fight.
Because he -was not content to re
main behind when the Oregon Na
tional Guard went out to fight. George
A. White. Adjutant-General of the . or
ganization, yesterday accepted a posi
tion of subordinate rank, the captaincy
of Troop A of Cavalry, and today will
leave, for San Diega.
To occupy the Adjutant-General's
office during General White's leave of
absence. Governor Withycombe last
night appointed Major W. W. Wilson.
He was designated acting Adjutant-
The captaincy of Troop A was urged
upon General White by the cavalrymen
themselves. By unanimous petition
they asked him to head their organiza
tion. The appointment was made by
"I shall go south as captain of Troop
A because I tee that my duty lies in
serving with the men in the field,"
said General White last night.
General White has been in charge of
the mobilization of the Oregon Guards
men and set a record for the entire
country. The prompt assembling of
the Guard was made possible because
General White had anticipated the call
to arms and had worked out In advance
every detail of the mobilization move
ment. Troop A Is one of the newer branches
of the Oregon National Guard, having
been organized about two years ago by
Captain Frank P. Tebbetts, who later
resigned. Besides Captain White the
officers of Troop A are Cicero Hogan,
First Lieutenant, and Joseph Wackrow,
VILLA NOT MUSTERED IN
Carranza. Denies Bandit 'Will Be
Permitted to Join Army.
WASHINGTON. June 27. A report
that Francisco Villa and a body of his
followers are to be mustered Into the
Carranza army in the event of war with
the United States was officially denied
tonight, by Eliseo Arredondo, Car
ranza's ambassador here. Mr. Arre
dondo said he had been advised from
Mexico City that under no circum
stances would Villa or the bandits
allied with him be permitted to-serve
with the de facto troops.
For more than two months, the am
bassador's advices declared, Villa's
whereabouts has been unknown to Car
ORDINANCE HITS SMOKERS
Throwing Lighted Butts of Clears
Out of Windows to Be Illegal.
General appeals made to persons to
stop throwing lighted cigar and cigar
ette stumps out of windows having
failed to stop the practice, it is now
proposed to prohibit it by ordinance. A
proposed measure providing for fine
and imprisonment has been prepared
for the Council by Fire Marshal
Several fires have been started this
way. The fires have been In awnings
and in one or two cases pedestrians
have been hit by the lighted stumps.
1500 SIOUX OFFER TO FIGHT
War Department Not to Accept Un
less Volunteers Are Called.
WASHINGTON June 57. Fifteen
hundred Sioux Indians In South Da
kota have offered to enlist in the mili
tary service of the United States in
the Mexican emergency. ' The offer
came in a letter to Senator Johnson,
of South Dakota, who today notified
Secretary of War Baker.
The Senator was Informed that the
Indians must restrain their patriotic
desire to fight for their country un
less there was a call for volunteers.
OATH REFUSED; TWO JAILED
Balking Montana Militiunien Slay Be
Coiirtmartialed for Act.
HELENA, Mont., June 27. Two
guardsmen, whose names are withheld
refused to take the Federal oath when
their company was being mustered into
service here tonight. They were taken
to the guardhouse and may be court
Nine companies of the Second Mon
tana Regiment have now been mustered
in and the remaining three will take
the oath tomorrow.
AMMUNITION TO BE RUSHED
Government Places Order Tor 20,
000,000 Small Rounds.
PHILADELPHIA. June 27. A rush
order for 20.000,000 rounds of small
arms ammunition was being filled at
one of the Government arsenals here
today. The cartridges will be con
signed to the Government arsenal at
San Antonio, Tex.
In will require two weeks to com
plete the order. .Men are working day
and night shifts.
George S. Downing Stricken.
SALEM. Or, June 27. (Special.)
George S. Dowing. superintendent of
the State Penitentiary under Governor
Pennoyer, was stricken with paralysis
today' and tonight it was expected he
would live only a short time.
He was superintendent of the Peni
tentiary for nine years, from 1S8S to
REVISION ONLY TEMPORARY
Interior Points to GetxAdvan
tage Over Pacific Ports.
ROADS OBJECT TO CHANGE
Effect of War on Commerce and
Slides in Panama Canal Giveci
as Reasons for Requiring
New Freight Schedules.
OREGON IAN NEWS BUREAU, Wash
ington, June 27. On and after Septem
ber 1 Pacific Coast points will pay
higher freight rates on shipments from
the East than they are enjoying today
as the result of an order Issued by
the Interstate Commerce Commission.
This order applies peculiarly to rates
on schedule commodities from points
throughout the East and to rates on
iron and steel -from Pittsburg. Exist
ing trans-continental rates to Pacific
Coast terminal points under past orders
of the Commission were based on water
competition that then existed through
the Panama Canal.
Water Competition Regarded at End.
The Commission as the results of its
hearing on April 26 now finds that
"there is not at this time any effect
tlve water competition between the
Atlantic and the Pacific ' Coasts and
that there Is little likelihood ' of any
material competition by water during
the present calendar year."
It therefore rescinds Its order of
April 3, 1915. and March 1, 1916, sanc
tioning lower rates to Coast terminals
than to points In the inter-mountaln
regions, but In doing so It clearly Inti
mates that when water competition is
restored by reason of the resumption
of water traffis through the Canal that
it will reopen the entire question and
again readjust the rates in question.
Need for Lower Rates Gone.
The commission found that the need
for lower rates to meet water compe
tition has completely disappeared for
the time being and "there Is little like
lihood of any material competition by
water during the present year."
"Some unprecedented freight rates be
ing paid for ocean transportation be
tween this and other countries," said
the opinion, "have attracted practically
all of the ships heretofore engaged in
coast to coast service. In these cir
cumstances coast rates are lower than
conditions warrant. The rate adjust
ment in question was established softer
exhaustive hearing and careful study
and was justified by. the conditions then
War Ckansea Situation.
"The war and an unparalleled rise in
prices for ocean transportation have so
changed the situation as to transform
a relation of rates which was Justified
(Concluded on rase 4. Column 1.)
Triumphal March to Washington
Picture in Circulars Refugees
Say Treatment Is Courteous.
NOG ALES, Ariz..- Juno 37. Fifteen
American refugees, including three
women and several children, arrived
today from Magdalena, Hermosillo, and
Kmpalme by train, reporting civil
treatment by the Mexicans en route
in spite of preparations for war. Yaqui
Indians to the number of about 6000
are said to have passed north through
Hermosillo during the past week. The
Impression among the refugees, how
ever, was that the Vaquls would fol
low their usual procedure and return
to their own country as soon as they
had been .issued arms and ammunition.
They had neither as they came north.
Circulars spread broadcast from Her
mosillo by recruiting officers and
brought here by refugees today con
tain a flamboyant call to arms. They
say In part:
"No fighting will be necessary. Our
brave troops will simply march north
ward, brushing 'the Gringoes aside un
til our glorious tricolor floats from
the dome of the Capitol at Washing
ton." Dr. F. M. Darby, an American den
tist, arrived from Hermosillo today,
having come part of the way in his
own machine, and the last 80 miles In
a car belonging to Governor de la
Huerta of Sonora, his own machine
having broken down. He brought his
wife and children with him.
SUFFRAGISTS INVITE VOTE
Further Debate in Senate Waived by
Mrs. Carrie Catt.
. WASHINGTON, June 27. Senators
from states where women are en
franchised were Informed today by
Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt and other
suffrage leaders that they were con
tent to have the Senate vote on the
Susan B. Anthony constitutional
amendment without further debate.
In a conference between Senators
and suffrage leaders, emphasis was
laid on the time needed to dispose of
appropriation bills. .
REFUGEES LEAVE TAMPIC0
United States Tender Dixie Crowded
"WASHINGTON. June 27. Captain
Burrage. commanding the battleship
Nebraska at Vera Cruz, reported today
that the tender Dixie, crowded with
American refugees, had sailed from
Tampico for Galveston. She should ar
rive early Friday.
Consul Guyant at Progreso notified
the State Department that he was leav
ing and would arrive at New. Orleans
in a few days.
MONSTER ICE FLOE MET
Liner Victoria Arrives From Alaska
With $266,000 in Gold.
SEATTLE. June 27. The liner Vic
toria arrived from Nome today with
1266,030 of gold bullion. She reported
encountering a 120-mile field of ice
floes south of St. Michael, a most un
The coast guard cutter Bear con
voyed the Victoria through the ice.
Mr.Taft.Too, May Take
Stump for Party.
RECONCILIATION IS HINTED
Colonel and Candidate to Dine
TALK IS ALL OF HARMONY
William K. Wilier x, Choice ol
Nominee as Chairman, Is Rati
fied for Post by Repub
NEW TORK, June S". (Special.)
Developments today at the campaign
headquarters of Charles E. Hughes,
Republican nominee for President, indi
cate that Mr. Hughes and Mr. Roose
velt will be the big forces in the com
ing campaign to overthrow the Wilson
Administration and elect Mr. Hughes.
One Important announcement from
Mr. Hughes' headquarters was that
Colonel Roosevelt had accepted the In
vitation of Mr. Hughes to dine with
him tomorrow night at the Hotel Astor.
x All Factions to Unite.
There also were rumors, based on
authentic Information, of an even more
comprehensive programme to unite all
factions In an effort to sweep the coun
try. These rumors pictured a whirl
wind campaign. with Mr. Hughes,
Colonel Roosevelt and ex-President
Taft touring the country In the interest
of the nominee. There was talk also
of a reconciliation between Colonel
Roosevelt and Mr. Taft, who was over
thrown by Roosevelt In 1912. and not
a few expressed the confident belief
that this would shortly be brought
It was said by some of the clo.se ad
visers of Mr. Hughes that the campaign,
in view of the situation in Mexico
and the return of Colonel Roosevelt
and his Progressive party members to
the Republican fold, might be started
earlier than had -been proposed.
Sir. Higtn May Come Wot
One representative had It that Mr.
Hughes might go to California late
In August or early in September, and
open his campaign there, while Colonel
Rosevelt, Mr. Taft and others would
begin to stir things up In the East and
Middle West. Two ex-Presidents and
the nominee, it was hinted, would pre
sent a formidable front to the enemy,
and such a combination would make
the most spectacular campaign In the
history of the country's politics.
The only talk that is heard now about
the Hughes headquarters is harmony
a harmony that Includes Colonel
Roosevelt and the Progressives. Old
guard leaders talked about it today,
and so did Progressive-Republican
leaders, and if there was any feeling
against giving Colonel Roosevelt a
prominent place In the limelight it was
not expressed for puDlication.
Ratillcatlon by the National reorgan-
(Concluded From Pas. 8. Column 3.)
Latitude to Be Asked That Roosevelt,
as Major-General, May Have
More Cavalry Than Usual.
NEW TORK. June 27. (Special.)
Colonel Roosevelt will ask President
Wilson In the event of a declaration
of war with Mexico for permission
to put into the field a division of
troops fully equipped for practically
Immediate service. It was reported to
day on high authority.
While details of the plans are being
kept seciet. it Is understood that In
making the request of the Government
that be be made a Major-General and
accept his offer of IS, 000 men. the
Colonel will also request that a little
latitude be allowed him in the enroll
ment of his division. Instead of the
usjal division of three brigades of In
fantry with Its cavalry and artillery
complements, this division. It Is re
ported, will consist of four brigades,
two of cavalry, one of Infantry and
one of field artillery.
There will be the customary engineer
battalions, hospital and signal corps
and a full quota of modern machine
guns. High-powered armored aero
planes will be attached for service with
It was said today that recruiting for
this body of troops had been going
along quietly for 10 days and that many
of the Colonel's old associates in mili
tary life have been apprized of the
plan and have been working toward
CONSENT NOT NECESSARY
Boys of 1 8 Can Join Regulars With
out Parents' Permission.
CHICAGO, June 27. Touths over 13
years of age do not have to obtain
parental consent before -joining the
regular Army, according to a new order
from the War Department which has
been received here. The previous limit
was 21 years, though boys who were
IS years of age could join the Army
with the written consent of their
Many youths recently have been de
nied admittance Into the regular Army
who now are eligible for service. Re
cruiting is said to have Increased more
than 300 per cent since the Mexican
CALIFORNIA FEELS QUAKE
Epicenter Believed Near Source of
Disturbance of 1006.
SAN JOSE. Cal., June 27. Distinct
earthquake shocks, followed by a
shower of rain, were recorded here at
5.43 and 6:15 this morning. No damage
According to Professor Newlln, of
Santa Clara University observatory,
who said the epicenter of the earth
quake was about 50 or 60 miles north
west of San Jose, which would put It
in the Pacific Ocean north of San Fran
cisco, just about where the 1906 shake
had its epicenter.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TESTBRDAT'S Maximum temperature, 61
degrees; minimum. M degrees.
TODAY'S Showers, warmer; westerly
Murder of rancher and wife In border raid
blasts hopes of peace. Pace 2.
tseneral White to command Troop A. Page 1.
Supplies for 200.000 men stored along the
border. Page 3.
Mexicans predict glorious victorr. Page 1.
Wilson to ask for war If prisoners are not
released, by tonight. Page 1.
CoaMt states militia speeding; toward Mexico.
Seven are Oregon war brides in day. Page 9.
Roosevelt to wit to form division. Page 1.
Oregon Guard off for border. Pare 1. ,
Punston plans sweeping Invasion. Page 3.
Russian drive menaces three new stragetlc
points. Page 3.
Advance in railroad rates to Coast ordered.
Hughes, Roosevelt and Taft may make
whirlwind campaign together. Page l.
Orpet loses composure under cross-examination.
Oregon-California land fraud case is with
Jury. Page 7.
Pacific Coast League results: Oakland 4,
San Francisco 0; no other games played.
Pitcher Hadstad may be recalled from Spo
kane to Beavers. Page 14.
Jackson's batting wins for Chicago from
Cleveland. Page 14.
Nine Oregonlans qualify in Spokane golf
tourney. Page 15.
Tasreau wins pitching duel from Dell, of
Brooklyn. Page 14. x
Davis and Doyle win most attractive tennis
matches at Kansas City. Page 15.
Storm leaves death and damage in Its wake,
a) Page 5.
Commercial and Marine.
Record prices ruling in Coast bean markets.
Smallness of export trade causes decline in
Chicago wheat. Page 19.
Wall-street stocks higher despite Mexican
situation. Page 19.
Graham on a drydocked In Portland and may
be redy lor butflne&s tonight. Page ltf.
Portland and Vicinity.
Lumber bureau established as unit of Cham
ber of Commerce. Page 8.
Pythlans have 60,000 drilled men ready to
serve country Page 11.
Mission rally hears reports from home and
foreign field. Page 8.
Men from all walks flock to join Colonel
Gantenbein. Page 7. '
Portland man describes scenes when steamer
Bvar was wrecked. Page T.
Total of 00 1-8 pr cent of Irvlngton resi
dents sigh protest against business In
vasion. Page 13. . '
Hotel clerks leave for Salt Lake City meet
ing. Page 13.
Patriotic Council of Oregon to be formed
to direct relief of soldiers dependents.
Fourteen enlist in Navy In day. Page 6.
Rate decision Is bombshell to Portland.
Man of mystery races into city on special
train. Page 2K
Weather report, data and foercast. Page V.
OFF TO BORDER
Third Battalion Entrains
Week After Mobilization.
ALL TRAINS GIVE WAY
San Diego Is Immediate Destination-Supplies
Be Issued En Route.
TROOP A LEAVES TODAY
Battery Goes Today for Calex
Ico. and Second Battalion
Is to Follow Tonight.
CAMP WITHYCOMBE, Or., June
27. (Special.) The Third Battalion
of the Third Oregon Infantry, 16 of
ficers and 325 men, is on its way to
war duty on the Mexican border.
They left here this evening at 5:42
o'clock in a long troop train of 15
cars. Major Carle Abrams was in
Just one week ago to the day, al
most to the very hour, Company M, of
Salem, the first Oregon National
Guard organization to move for the
mobilization camp in response to the
President's call, detrained here at the
peaceful little station of Clackamas.
This company, 135 men strong, in
command of Captain Max Gehlhar,
was a part of the Third Battalion
which left for the front today.
Shasta Gives Way.
The train bearing Oregon's first
contingent of fighting men will have
the right of way over all other trains
from Clackamas to San Diego, CaL,
the immediate destination of th
troops. Even the crack Shasta Lim
ited must take the siding to speed the
troops on their way. They should ar
rive at San Diego at about 2 o'clock
Friday afternoon. There they will re
port to Major Hagood, Coast Artil
lery, at Fort Rosecrans.
The companies leaving for San
Diego with the Third Battalion today
were: M, of Salem, Captain Max
Gehlhar, First Lieutenant James K.
Neer and Second Lieutenant Dana H.
Allen, three officers and 135 men;
Company I, of Woodburn, Captain
Grover H. Todd, First Lieutenant P.
A. Livesley and Second Lieutenant
Benton Killen, three officers and 62
men; Company L, of Dallas, Captain
Conrad P. Stafrin, First Lieutenant
E. K. Piasecki and Second Lieutenant
Oscar I. Chenoweth, three officers and
60 men; Company K, of Corvallis,
Captain Charles A. Murphey, First
Lieutenant William H. Ellensburg and
Second Lieutenant Sereno E. Brett,
three officers and 68 men.
Sanitary Troops Also Go.
In addition there were small de
tachments of v sanitary and supply
The sanitary detachment was com
posed of seven men under Captain E.
H. McLain, medical corps, and the
supply detachment contained seven
On Major Abrams staff were First
Lieutenant L. H. Compton, battalion
Adjutant, and Second Lieutenant Wal
ter L. Spaulding, battalion quarter
master. This was a busy day in camp. The
Third Battalion began striking its
tents and packing up shortly after the
Major Abrams succeeded in having
full equipment and supplies issued to
his battalion, but in the rush of pre
paring to entrain it was not possible
to issue equipment to some of the
companies before they left camp. The
supplies were taken aboard the troop
train, however, and will be issued en
Shasta Engine Pulls Train.
The call to assembly sounded at
4:05 o'clock. Escorted by the Third
Regiment band, the four companies of
the Third Battalion, in heavy march
ing order, swung into column and
marched to the station.
A little more than an hour and a
half later they were on their way.
Engine No. 2350, one of the huge tea
wheelers that haul the Shasta Lim
ited, with Engineer Stafford at the
throttle, pulled the heavy train out of
Hundreds of relatives and friends
(Concluded on r&s. 6. Column l.