Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 26, 1916)
VOL. L.VI. NO. 17,346.
PORTLAND, OREGON. MONDAY, JUNE 2G. 1916.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
TO BE MADE TODAY
CARRANZA REPLY TO
BE SAME OLD TALE
E IS ORDERED
TO BE INEVITABLE
AGITATION' REPORT BENEATH
CHANCELLOR'S DIGNITY. .
CAKIIANZA WOULD LET SOUTH
AND CENTRAL AMERICA ACT.
PROTBST AGAINST ARMY IN
MEXICO TO BE REPEATED.
SENT TO MEXICO
CAPTAIN MOREY IS
ALIVE IN MEXICO
WAR HOW THOUGHT
Immediate Release of
QUICK EXPLANATION ASKED
Government Learns Carranza
Gave Orders for Attack
HOSTILITY IS DELIBERATE
President, After Conference,
Indicates He Will Address
Joint Session Soon.
FIELD HEADQUARTERS, Mex
ico, June 25, via wireless to Columbus,
N. M. Twenty-three American sol
diers are known to have lost their
lives on the battlefield at Carrizal,
according to a report to General Per
shing tonight from Major Jenkins,
commanding the Eleventh Cavalry
column ordered to scour the country
in that vicinity for survivors. Major
Jenkins said he had evidence that nine
American troopers, in addition to
those previously reported dead, had
been killed. Major Jenkins reported
that he had found Captain Morey hid
den in a house nine miles from where
he was abandoned, and that his
wounds were not dangerous.
WASHINGTOnT" June 25. A de
mand for the immediate release of
the American troopers taken pris
oner at Carrizal, coupled with a stern
notification that the United States ex
pects an early statement of the pur
poses of the Carranza government
was telegraphed to Mexico City to-
day by Secretary Lansing.
The note discloses that the State
. Department received yesterday a com
munication from the de facto govern
ment stating that the Carrizal fight
was the direct result of orders to
attack American soldiers moving
otherwise than toward the border,
personally issued by General Car
ranza to General Trevino and by the
latter communicated to General Persh
ing. Definite Statement Demanded.
In reply, Secretary Lansing re
quires that the de facto government
transmit a definite statement "as to
the course of action it has determined
upon" through the usual diplomatic
channels "and not through subor
dinate military officers."
The Mexican communication is con
strued, Secretary Lansing states, "as
a formal avowal of deliberately hostile
action against the forces of the
United States now in Mexico and of
the purpose of attack without provoca
tion whenever they move from their
present position" despite the friendly
mission on which they are engaged
and which is reaffirmed in the Amer
Force to Be Met With Force.
General Carranza is required to
place himself on record formally and
the plain intimation lies behind the
restrained language of Mr. Lansing's
communication that force will be met
with force. Apparently, however, the
Washington Government is deter
mined that the de facto government
shall not evade responsibility before
the world if war is forced upon the
The note and the military situation
of the United States were talked over
at the White House tonight by the
President, with Chairman Stone, of
the Senate foreign relations commit
tee; Senator Lodge, ranking Republi
can member, and Chairman Flood, of
the House committee on foreign af
fairs. Representative Cooper, rank
ing minority member of the House
committee, was out of the city.
Situation Is Acute. '
After the conference, which lasted
more than an hour, Senator Stone
Baid the situation was "exceedingly
acute." President Wilson has felt it
necessary to acquaint Congress with
the state of affairs and the action
taken, through the foreign affairs
committee. It was indicated that he
might desire to address a joint ses
sion of the House and Senate in a
day or two, but would not take this
final step until the Mexican govern
ment had been given an opportunity
The text of the note to the Mex-
(Concluded ou fage . Column l-
Allegation of Urging on of Carranza
Is Ridiculous, Says Beth-mann-Holweg's
BERLIN, via London, June 25. Re
ports received here from America that
the German legation in Mexico City
was actively inspiring General Car
ranza. head of the Constitutionalist
government of Mexico, in hostility to
the United States were brought today
to the attention of the Imperial Chan
cellor, Dr. von Bethmann-Holweg.
The Chancellor asked to be excused
from commenting on the report, feel
ing that such rumors were unworthy
of his attention. A close friend of the
Chancellor, however, had this to say:
"Certain circles in the United States
are never tired of ascribing responsi
bility for everything, no matter how
far-fetched, to Germany. If a house
burned down or a favorite lozaraco or
crop prospects seem poor, these pro
tagonists are sure to arise with a cry
of "those wicked Germans."
"It is obviously impossible for the
highest official in a big empire to dig
nify every ridiculous detail of such
action with a personal denial. Anyone,
however, knows as I do, that such re
ports are ridiculous and unfounded."
ENGINEERS TOBE ENLISTED
Two New Companies to Be Formed
at Vancouver Barracks.
OREGONIAN NEWS BUREAU. Wash
ington. June 25. (Special.) Two com
panies of engineers are to be recruited
at Vancouver Barracks under orders
from General Funston. These com
panies will be regulars and will form
a part of the first Increment to be
added to the Army under the new re
A few enlisted men now In engineer
companies will form the nucleus of the
two new companies and officers are to
be detailed from the available list
when the companies are recruited to
their full strength.
GUARD DEBT IS PROBLEM
Nebraska Legislature Slay Get Spe
cial Session Call.
LINCOLN. Neb.. June 25. A special
session of the Nebraska State Legis
lature may be needed to meet debts in
curred by the guard mobilization.
Antlrfnntlnp n to the border
within-a few days; guard' officers are
hurriedly whipping their companies
Enlistments have been moderate,
about 300 raw recruits added to the
guard during the past week.
RIVER GNAWS AT HOP YARD
Two Acres of Tom Holman's Land
at Eola Float Seaward.
SALEM, Or.. June 25. (Special.)
Willamette River has cut away about
two acres of an old hop yard belong
ing to Tom Ilolman at Eola and is
threatening land belonging to Walter
McGee at the same place.
Holman. with a force of workers, has
been attempting to check the cutting,
but so far all efforts have been use
less. ARMY STORES THREATENED
32 Motor Cars Burn at El Paso and
Munitions. Depot Is in Peril.
EL PASO, Tex., June 15. Fire, start
ing in a pile of waste, destroyed the
Mission garage here last night, burn
ing 32 motorcars with an estimated loss
For a time fears were expressed that
the fire would spread to the United
States quartermaster's depot across the
street, in which approximately 1500,000
worth of Army supplies are stored.
AMERICAN AVIATOR SHOT
Texau Wounded During Aerial Bat
tle With German.
PARIS, June 25. Sergeant Barnsley,
of Texas, a member of the Franco
American aviation corps, was wounded
during a fight with German aeroplanes
near Bar le Due, where he was taken
to a hospital.
Sergeant Barnsley was wounded in
the stomach by machine-gun fire from
the German aeroplane.
PANAMA ELECTION RIOTOUS
Eiiiliteen Wounded, One Killed in
Clashes at Polish
rANAMA, June 25. Serious rioting I
occurred in the City of Panama today
on the occasion of the elections. Eigh
teen persons were wounded. There
were no foreigners among them, how
ever. No trouble occurred at Colon. One j
man was killed in the Province of Chi-
U-BOAT VISITOR OVERDUE
German Submarine Said to Be Bring
ing Message to Wilson.
LONDON. June 26. A dispatch from
Madrid to the Daily Telegraph says that I
a German submarine is due to arrive I
in New York on Sunday, June 25. with
a message for President Wilson "there
by surpassing the feat of the U-35,
which carried a letter to King Alfonso."
Officer Wounded, Left
to Die, Reports.
CARRANZA MEN FIRE FIRST
American Advance in Battle
Array Evokes Shots.
WORD SENT TO PERSHING
Cavalry Leader Sends Letter by Ot It
er Survivors and Stays Alone on
the Desert, but Later Sends
Wireless to His Wife.
SAN ANTONIO. Tex.. June 25. Left
to die of loss of blood and thirst, two
miles from the scene of the encounter
between American and Mexican troops
at Carrizal, Captain Lewis Sydney
Morey, of the Tenth Cavalry, has made
his way back safe to the American
General Funston received by tele
phone tonight from Mrs. Morey. now at
Austin, Tex., the following message,
which reached here by wireless from
"Somewhere in Mexico Am back on
the line with two men, safe. Sydney."
That, according to Mrs. Morey, was
the manner in which Captain Morey
signed all communications to her.
Way Made to Main Column.
How Captain Morey managed to make
his way to the American main column,
a distance more than 80 miles, is un
known here, but it is inferred he was
picked up by a detachment of the res
cuing force sent out by General Persh
ing. Mexican troops fired the first shot on
the troopers of the Tenth United States
Cavalry at Carrizal, but not until the
American forces, fearing an ambush,
had advanced in battle formation, ac
cording to a letter written on the day
of the fight by Captain Morey, forward
ed to . General Funston by General
" Captain Morey Wounded.
Captain Morey wrote the letter at
9:15 A. M June 21, while hiding in a
hole about 2000 yards from the scene
of the battle.
Captain Morey was wounded and had
another wounded man and three un
wounded troopers with him.
The three unwounded men were
picked up by a detachment under Lieu
tenant Henry A. Meyer, Jr., of the
Tenth Cavalry, and the letter brought
to General Pershing today.
Officer la Left to Die.
Captain Morey was left to die upon
the desert from thirst and his wounds.
The men abandoned him at his own
order. The three unwounded men had
carried him. according to their stories
to Lieutenant Meyer, from the hole
where he had hidden and made their
way nearly two mMes from the bat
tlefield. They were forced to stop, and Cap-
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 2.)
I j $zas j t
Bolivian Minister to Make Proposal
to Mr. Lansing, but Accept
ance Is Unlikely.
WASHINGTON. June 25. Ignacio
Calderon. Minister from Bolivia, acting
on behalf of several South and Central
American republics, will present to Sec.
retary Lansing tomorrow an offer al
ready accepted "in principle" by Gen
eral Carranza, to mediate in the crisis
with Mexico. .
Mr. Lansing declined to say tonight
what his reply would be,, but the Ad
ministration has indicated repeatedly
that it considers there is nothing in its
differences with the Carranza govern
ment which will admit of mediation.
Eliseo Arredondo, Mexican Ambassador-designate,
today notified Mr. Cal
deron and Dr. Rafael Zaldlvar, the Min
ister from Salvador, that while he had
not received a final reply to the inquiry
regarding the attitude of Mexico which
they submitted to the de facto govern
ment through him yesterday, a prelim
inary expression had come from his
government accepting "in principle"
the offer of mediation.
It is expected that there will be sev
eral more conferences among Latin
American members of the diplomatic
corps here tomorrow, before the inquiry
is made of Secretary Lansing. The
Minister from Ecuador, Dr. Gonzalo
S. Cordova, arrived in Washington to
night from New York to confer on the
subject of mediation with the colleagues.
2 ALLIED WARSHIPS SUNK
Italian Auxiliary Cruiser and French
PARIS. June 25. The Minister of
Marine announced that the Italian aux
iliary cruiser Cittl di Messina and the
French torpedo-boat destroyer Fourche
have been torpedoed in the Strait of
The Cltu di Messina, which was be
ing escorted by the Fourche, was the
first victim of the submarine. The
Fourche later attacked the underwater
boat, which submerged and disap
peared. Shortly afterwards the Fourche
herself was torpedoed. Almost all of
her crew was saved.
SOCIALISTS WANT NO WAR
Mass Meeting at New York De
nounces Advocates of Intervention.
NEW YORK.' June 25. Resolutions
protesting against a war with Mexico
were adopted at a mass meeting under
the auspices of the Socialist party, at
Carnegie Hall last night.
Advocates of intervention were de
nounced as "the worst foes of the
American people and traitors to the
noblest traditions of American life."
BRITISH 0PENHEAVY FIRE
Berlin Reports Great Artillery Activ
ity on Franco-Belgian Front.
BERLIN, via London, June 25. The
British have developed pronounced ar
tillery activity, along the part of the
Franco-Belgian front they hold from
La Basse Canal to the Somme, the War
Office announced today.
The British fire continued uninter
ruptedly all last night.
LOOKS LIKE A POOR PLACE TO SPEND THE
President May Address
RIGHT TO STRIKE TO BE ASKED
Proof Obtained That Carranza
Is Deliberately Hostile.
ONLY ONE CAUSE SEEN
Diplomats of Allied Powers Regard
Mexican Crisis as, Likely to
Bring U-Boat Activity.
Japan Not Factor.
BY JOHN CALLAN OLAUGHLIN.
WASHINGTON, June 35. (Special.)
War between the United States and
Mexico tonight seems inevitable.
Within a few' days, probably as early
as Tuesday. President Wilson will go
before a Joint session of Congress with
a full statement of the entire situa
tion and ask for authority to use the
land and naval forces of the United
States in the threatened conflict with
All the information in the possession
of the President furnished convincing
proof that the Carranza government
contemplates deliberately hostile action
against the armed forces of the United
States now in Mexico: that an amicable
settlement is Impossible; mediation
out of the question, and no resort left
this country but military action in de
fense of its rights.
Leader of Congress Summoned.
Tonight President Wilson summoned
Senators Stone of Missouri, and Lodge
of Massachusetts, the ranking Demo
cratic and Republican members of the
Senate foreign, relations committee, and
Chairman Flood, of the House foreign
affairs committee, to the White House
for a conference, during which he took
them into his confidence.
No other course was open to this
Government, the President explained,
than to demand the Immediate release
of the prisoners taken in the encounter
at Carrizal and a prompt statement of
Its courses of action and be prepared
for opening hostilities with the Mexi
The President pictured the situation
as extremely critical, so much so. In
fact, that he desired to appear before
Congress early this week with a state
ment of the situation and a request for
authority to act.
Allies Foresee Conseanences.
The allies are beginning to adjust
themselves to new conditions which
will be created. Diplomats represent
ing these countries foresee the follow
ing consequences of the entrance of
the United States Into war:
1 Resumption by Germany of un
restricted submarine operations.
2 Elimination of the United States
as a factor in bringing about peace ne
gotiations between the European bel
3 Commandeering of machine guns
(Concluded on Page 2. Column B.
Americans' Presence Hampers Cam
paign Against Bandits, Will
Be Argument Offered.
EL PASO. Tex.. June 25. Carranza's
reply to the last American note will
deal mainly with the old protest against
the presence of American troops In
Mexican territory, according to a tele
gram from Mexico City, published to
day In the El Paso Del Norte, a local
The dispatch says a number of per
sons close to the government say that
the note will take for granted Secre
tary of State Lansing's assertion that
the American Government desires
neither war nor intervention. It then
will devote itself to the punitive ex
pedition. "The Carranza government will show
with facts and arguments." the dis
patch continues, "that the presence of
the American troops in Mexico' is
making the. situation worse and
worse, and increasing the difficulties
or the de facto government's campaign
against bandits. Inasmuch as the
friends of Intervention, including the
Mexican reactionaries, are finding op
portunity to equip and send out new
parties of bandits to finieh the work
begun at Columbus and Glenn Springs."
ICEBREAKERS TO AID SHIP
Wreckers Sent From Archangel to
Get Steamer Carolyn Afloat.
ARCHANGEL. June 25. Icebreakers
with several divers and wrecking ap
paratus have been ordered to proceed
to the assistance of the American
steamer Carolyn, which Is aground off
the Kola peninsula, about 335 miles
northwest of Archangel.
The Carolyn, which was bound from
Archangel for the United States, went
aground off the Kola nenlncni.
June 13. The crew was landed.
FRENCH MAKE SOME GAINS
Portion or Trenches West of Thian
mont Are Retaken.
PARIS. June 25. Counter attacks by
the French last night north or Verdun
resulted in their regaining some of the
lost ground, the War Office announced
today. Portions of trenches west of
the Thiaumont redoubt were taken and
band grenade - fighting resulted in
some progress being made in the Vil
lage of Fleury..
A German attack in the Dead Man
Hill region was repulsed.
AERONAUTS CROSS ANDES
Two Men In Balloon Make Voyage
In five Hours.
BUENOS AIRES. June 25. The Ar
gentine aeronauts. Captain Zuloaga
and Engineer Bradley, nave succeeded
in crossing the Cordellira Andes in a
balloon. They left Santiago, Chile, at
8 o'clock this morning and descended
about 5Vi miles east of Uspallata, near
The voyage occupied five hours.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
TERTERDAT'S Maximum temperature, 6
dvres; minimum. 5tt degrees.
TODAY'S Showers; southerly grinds.
Mexican provemment accepts "In principle
offer of mediation, page 1.
Washington mllltla to be ready for Federal
service Tuesday. Page 3.
Carranza reply to be same old protest.
Secretary Baker makes urgent appeal to
start troops for border at once. Page 3.
Oregon's example Is spur to mllltla of West.
Negro survivor pays Mexicans had TOO men
In battle. Page 2.
Washington sends ultimatum to Mexico.
Captain Morey, alive In Mexico, sends re
port. Page 1.
German Chancellor Ignores report of Berlin
agents agitating In Mexico. Page 1.
War with Mexloo now regarded as Inevitable.
Oregon troops may leave Wednesday.
Troops attend field religious services. Page 6.
Aberdeen demonstrates pride In Company G.
Russians capture entire Austrian Crownland
of Bukowina Page 4.
Senators Chamberlain and Lane to clash on
Interstate fisheries agreement. Page 4.
Hetty Green critically 111. Page 4.
Fight at Butl Moose aesslon today aeems
sure. Page 10.
Pacific Coast League results: Portland 3,
Salt Lak 4; ban Francisco 1-ti, Vernon
4-3 ; Loa Angeles 5-1. Oakland 1-2.
Roland Roberts wins Coast Junior singles
tennis championship. Page 12.
St. Louis defeats Cincinnati. Page 12.
Approximate. y 120 entered in Spokane golf
tournfy. Pare 13.
Beavers suffer in series with Bees. Page 12.
Victor M urdock tells West to prepare for
great armed conflict. Page 5.
Madras is center of fine country. Page 10.
Fire loss at Banks placed at $100,000.
Grahamona hits snag and grounds on Gray
Eegle bar. Psge 1.1. -
Portland and Vicinity.
Guard officer marries on verge of leaving
for border. Page 10.
Relief plans for soldiers families advanced.
Shrtners to give two-night entertainment at
Hellig Theater. Page 1
Dr. Morrison criticises ' mollycoddles and
shirk era. Page 1L
Sons of Douglas County laud "Land of
Glory." Page 11.
Final plea made for aid of Columbia River
base l-UI. Page 1
Mlllmen guard against overproduction ot
lumber. Page 13.
Elks make merry at Bonneville picnic. Page G.
Weather report Uaia Jtnd forecast. la.e i.
AND THEN REVOKED
Third Battalion May
SURGEONS EXAMINE ALL NIGH1
Upon Completion, and Receipt
of Supplies, Troops Start.
SAN DIEGO IS DESTINATION
Medical Necessities Arrive and Ri
fles Are Due Today Thousands
See Guardsmen Reviewed
by Major-General Bell.
CAMP WITHTCO.MBE, Or, June 2.
(Special.) Orders Irom the War De
partment for the Third Battalion of
the Third Oregon Infantry to entrain
for the border at once, received early
this afternoon by Captain Kenneth P.
Williams, United States mustering of
ficer for Oregon, were revoked to
night. The revocation order read: "Order
revoked. Move when reasonably ready."
This left the situation about as It
was. for Captain Williams already was
under orders to send the Oregon troops
to the front as soon as. In his opin
ion, they should be "reasonably ready.
Order Grants Delay Request,
The order countermanding the move
ment of the Third Battalion came after
Captain Williams had telegraphed back
asking that it be delayed.
Captain Williams cited as his reason
for the requested delay that the phy
sical examination of the battalion had
not been completed and that the bat
talion Is not -yet equipped for field
He added, however, that if the War
Department would waive the required
records for muster and the physical
examinations, and desired to forward
the troops with such equipment as they
have at present, he could have them
on the train ready to leave Clackamas
by Monday night.
Troops to Go Wednesday.
After he received the countermand
ing order tonight. Captain Williams
said that every effort would be made
to have the Third Battalion ready to
move by Wednesday or Thursday.
"The battalion probably will be
under way for the border by Thursday."
said Captain Williams.
"The Federal authorities at camp are
doing everything possible to facilitate .
the movement. The physical examina
tions are being rushed. The examina
tion of the men of the Third Battalion
probably will be cor-pleted by Monday
night, which is something of a speed
"So far no troops have been mustered
in except the four companies of the
Third Battalion, which were mustered
The orders for the entralnment of
the Third Battalion stated that other
National Guard troops were delaying
their movement to the border and that
the need for troops there was urgent.
It directed that the Oregon troops
proceed to Fort Rosecrans. at Ban
Major Field, of the United States
Army, assisted by four other surgeons -and
more than 20 clerks, late tonight
had completed the physical examina
tion of Company L, of Dallas, and had
examined 41 men of Company I of
Of the 85 men of Company L only 11
were rejected. Of the 41 men so far
examined in Company I seven were
rejected. In all. 126 men were exam
ined today, of whom 17 were rejected.
272 Kx. mined, 23 Rejected.
This makes only 23 men so far re
jected out of 272 officers and men ex
amined In companies M. L, and X. Com
pany K Is yet to be examined.
The surgeons are working far Into
the night. The examination of Com
pany I, of Woodburn, probably v. ill be
completed by morning.
Equipment rushed by the War De
partment to the base at Camp Withy
combe is beginning to arrive. A bis
consignment of medical supplies, in
cluding filters and other medical neces
sities for field service, arrived liere to
day. A shipment of 1150 rifles is ex
Captain Williams today telegraphed
asking for 1700 Army field sweaters
and 1700 pairs of Army shoes. Later
he received word that a big shipment
of shoes for the troops Is already on
the way and should arrive in a day
The following telegram relative to
war correspondents was received late
today by Captain Williams:
Correspondents Are Restricted.
"War Department will Interpose i.o
objections for reasonable number of
newspaper correspondents accompany
ing National Guard organizations to the
border, providing they do so at their
own expense. They should not con
clude that this privilege will be ex
tended to include permission to go ot
yond the border. No such permission
"Correspondents who accompany
troops will be subject to such regula
tions as conditions require, and their
articles shall be subject to censorship."
This was a busy day at Camp Withy
combe. Following receipt of the firs:
oi-derw for entertainment of the Third
! brutalion the four companies of that
iCoacluaed on 1'ajt. &. column 1.)