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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 24, 1916)
VOL,. LTI-XO. 17,345.
PORTLAND, OBUUM, SATURDAY, JUNE 24, 1916.
FRICE FIVE CENTS.
BUI 7 TROOPERS
Pershing's Report Shows
Force Is Annihilated.
PARLEY USED TO TRAP MEN
Carranza Cavalry Charges as
Machine. Guns Sweep
ATTACK MADE ON 3 SIDES
Command Thought to Have
Had No Chance of Es
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., Juno 23.
The two troops oi the Tenth Cavalry
Under Captain Charles T. Boyd were
practically wiped out by the attack
of Mexican forces under General Go
mez at Carrizal June 21, according
to indications given in fragmentary
reports received by General Funston
from General Pershing tcnight.
General Pershing's messages said
that seven survivors in all, who were
horseholders, including those who ar
rived last night, have reached the
main column. .
All were enlisted men, but the re
port did not say whether there were
non-commissioned officers among
Attack Is From Three Sides.
According to the stories of the sur
vivors, as outlined in General Per
shing's report, a mounted force of
' Mexicans made a charge froir,, the
flank at the conclusion of a parley
between Captain Boyd and General
Gomez at the same time that a ma
chine gun opened fire from the front
as General Gomez reached his lines.
Captain Boyd had ordered his men
to dismount as the machine gun
opened fire, and the combined effect
of the Mexican charge, ' the machine
gun fire and the rifle fire from the
Mexican garrison at Carrizal, which
had almost surrounded the little
American force under cover of the
parley sought by General Gomez to
discuss whether Captain Boyd should
be allowed to pass through town,
stampeded the horses.
Pershing Has No Details.
No details were made known to
General Pershing as to whether the
Mexican charge was checked.
With their mounts gone, caught
without means of escape, ringed
about on three sides with the fire of
an overwhelming force, the fate of
the little detachment is believed by
officers here to have been sealed. It
is declared that only the most stu
pendous luck, backed by desperate
valour, could have extricated Captain
Boyd's men from the trap.
The reports from Mexican forces
place the number killed, including two
officers, at from 12 to 40. It is re-
ported 17 were taken captive into
Confusion Is Wild.
The accepted percentage of wounded
to those killed in modern warfare
would place the wounded at from 35
to 40 at the lowest estimate. The
strength of the two troops is not
known here, but it is estimated that
they could not exceed 130 men, allow-
ing for those sick and on detached
service. With but seven survivors re
ported as arriving at the main column,
the number of those accounted for, at
least speculative, is pitifully small.
The report from General Pershing
said that the stories of the survivors
were confused and do not conform in
all details with the report made by
the first arrivals from the battlefield
General Pershing reported that
there was a scene of wild confusion
when the Mexicans opened fire and
their cavalry charged.
Relief Force I Silent.
The stragglers apparently were cut
oil in an effort of Captain Boyd to
extricate his men from the jaws of the
trap which was closing: on his com
mand, or fled before the outcome of
the battle could be learned.
General Pershing, according: to his
report, has received no word from the
two battalions of the Eleventh Cavalry,
which he sent to rescue the remnants
of Captain Boyd's expedition. He said
that he bad taken no measures to sup
port the squadrons of the Eleventh.
General Funston said tonight that he
bad received no news regarding a re
port that General Bell had crossed the
t Concluded on Page, Column 4.)
IS TO BE MAJOR
SERVICE WITH OREGON TROOPS
COVERS 18 YEARS.
Astoria Pastor ' Braved Ballets on
Firing Line in Philippines and
Told Folks of Slain.
CAMP WITHTCOMBE. Or.. June 23.
(Special.) When Captain William S.
Gilbert; of Astoria, is mustered into the
United States service as Chaplain of
the Third Oregon Infantry, it will be
with the rank of Major.
Adjutant-General George A. White,
of the Oregon . National Guard, has
recommended to Governor Wlthycombo
Captain Gilbert's promotion to Major,
and the Governor today gave his fall
Captain Gilbert has been Chaplain
of Oregon National vGuard and volun
teer troops for IS years. He was pas
tor of a. Presbyterian church in Eu
gene in 1893 when he first became
Chaplain, with the rank of Captain,
Ln the old Second Infantry.
At the outbreak of the Spanish War
he was commissioned Chaplain of the
Second Oregon Volunteers, .and was
mustered into the service on May 7,
In the early days at Cavite, where
the Oregon troops' landed July 1. .1898,
it was Chaplain Gilbert to whom the
task fell of notifying relatives at home
of those who first gave up their lives
In the Philippines.
During the. fights and skirmishes of
the Philippine insurrection he carried
water to the men he could reach on
the firing line. Once he even took the
place of a man sent to the rear for
water at the big Malabon engagement.
March 25, 1899.
In private life. Chaplain Gilbert Is
pastor of a Presbyterian church ln As
toria. BANDITS CROSS INTO TEXAS
Two Forces Are Reported Making
Raids Over Line.
MERCEDES, Tex., June 23. Forty
Mexican bandits crossed the Rio Grande
tonight into the district south of Harl
lngen, Tex,- 'according to reports re
ceived here.- A company of the Twenty-
sixth -Infantry, it is reported, was sent
from Harllngen to intercept them.
BROWNSVILLE, Tex.. June 23. Of
ficers at Fort. Brown were Investigat
ing a report this afternoon that 20
armed Mexicans had crossed the Rio
Grande, IS miles west of Brownsville.
HEARST ESTATE IN DANGER
Manager 'of Ranch In Mexico Tele
graphs for Help.
BOSTON. June 23. William M. Fer
ris, local manager at Laguna del Car
men, Hex., of the P. A. Hearst Estate.
today telegraphed - his principals In
"We are in great danger. Urgent that
we receive help.
The message was' forwarded from
New York to representatives of other
Mexican Interests in Boston.
GROl'P OF GC ARBSMfciN ALL SIX
f W I "-Jit- Kl I I ) i l W sI-hHvCC My : i P-T Z ,
k ilfet W W P r 1 Ft ' ; I i 1M
i,Tr ,:0 ' 'J
Z J if 4 C i ,-fi 1 . - J' - ' . - . ?, I' tit. ' - i tie 1 ' 4 4 '
ARMY OF 100,000 IS
GIVEN TO FUNSTON
New Orders Out; Red
Tape Casf Aside.
STATE SOLDIERS TO BE RUSHED
Congress Takes Vigorous,
WILSON POLICY UNCHANGED
President Discusses Mexican Crisis
- With Cabinet With Decision That
No Coarse Can Be Slapped
" Out at Present Time?
WASHINGTON1, June . 23. National
Guard organizations throughout the
country were straining every nerve to
night to prepare for active service on
the Mexican border. New orders flashed
over the wires by Secretary Baker bore
a call for haste.
Red tape was cast aside and authori
zation given under which the state
soldiers will be rushed to reinforce the
border guards at the earliest possible
The entire Army of 100.00 men sum
moned, by President Wilson's call was
placed directly at General Funston's
Congress Saya Emergency Exists.
Congress also took vigorous and far
reaching action. A resolution adopted
In the House by a vote of 332 to two
declares that an emergency calling for
.he use of troops ln addition to regu
lars now exists, and authorizes the
President to draft immediately into
the service of the United States all
members of the National Guard who
subscribed to the new oath for that
service. In effect- the measure gives
Legislative approval of President Wil
son's call on state soldiers, and provides
for it eir use In or out of the United
It also furnishes new machinery with
which to hasten the strengthening of
the border guard, . '
The Senate probably will adopt the
Diplomatic Aspects I'HrfcMBgM.
Diplomatic aspects of the crisis virtu
ally were unchanged. President Wilson
could reach no final decision as to
action resulting from the attack by
Mexican troops upon American cavalry
men at Carrizal or upon American blue
Jackets at Mazatlan.
Only a preliminary and inconclusive
report on the Carrizal clash came from
General Pershing during the day. It
was based on the statement of 6trag-
(Concluded on Page 4. Column 1.)
CAMP WITHYCOMBE WITH OREGON'S CITIZEN SOLDIERS WHO SOON
FEET OR tMRK S HEItiHT. S. SOUK THK RW RKt'BHTS.
FOB IUAV1.VU ABE MOT LXABOKllli BIT ARC AUKUlATli. B.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 71
decrees; minimum. &g degreea.
TODAY'a Shower; southwesterly winds.
Entire American command of two troops
believed wiped out, . Pace 1.
Japan hopes war between Mexico and United
States may be avoided. Pago 0,
Oregon troops may leave In lo days. Paso 1.
Chaplain Gilbert Is to b Major. Page 1.
Rod tape cast aside and army of 100.000
turned over to Funston, Pago 1.
Troop massacre stirs Washington. Pago 4.
One hundred mlUUamen refuse to ro-enUst,
Austrian - armies ln danger - of capture by
Russians. Page S-
Bouse declares emergency Justifies draft
of Ouards Into Army. Page 4.
Four auperdreeelnoughta and four battle
cmlstrs agreed upon by Senate Na-al
subcommittee. Page 1.
Salving of steamer Bear abandoned. Pago 1.
State rests case ln Orpet trial. Pago 2.
Sx-Seoretary of - State Root visits Mr.
Hughes and offers services, which are
accepted. Page 8.
Illinois Progressives decide not to placa
ticket ln field. Page 2.
Coast League - results Portland T, Bait
Lake O; San Francisco 4-6, Vernon l-o;
Los Angeles 2, Oakland 8. Page 12.
Johnston meets Griffin today for - Coast
tennis title. Page 18.
Harness races open today. Page IX "
Oregon Aggie-Nebraska football game sched
uled for Multnomah field October 21,
Harvard oarsmen twice victors over Yale.
- Page 13.
Giants win opener from Brooklyn, 7 to i
Relative of murdered ' farmer may bo ar
rested as auspect. Page 6.
Philomath Roundup . drawa record crowd.
Commercial and Marine.
Oats stronger and wheat weaker ln North
west page IT.
Wheat sells under dollar mark at Chicago.
Stock market unsettled by Mexican develop
ments. Page 17. .
Shipping strike has sspect of tight - to
finish. Page 18.
Portland and Vicinity.
Nearly 1300 is given In - day for Fourth
celebration. Pago 9. -Central
Labor Council protests Chamber's
action Indorsing -"open shop." Page 14.
Fred Cooper, noted advertising artist. Is here
to see his father. Pago Is.
Council act bans Mrs. Sanger's pamphlet.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page Is.
Springdale danger spot on highway may be
condemned. Page 6.
Officers seize 3880 milk bottles at junk shop
and supply houses. Pago 11.
Oculists conduct clinic Page IS.
Guard reports to General wood by phone.
Page 3. '
D. A. R. starts campaign to raise funds foi
relief of soldiers' famlllea. Page T.
PORTLAND JJAND WINNER
$500 Trophy Won by Knights Tem
I 7 -
LOS ANGELES. CaL. June 23. The
drill team, of Englewood Commandery
No. 69, Chicago, won first prize, a
$5000 libation set. in the competitive
drills held here ln conection with the
thirty-third triennial conclave and
grand encampment of the Knights
Templar of the United States. An
nouncement of the prise awards was
made tonight at the Templar ball. The
other drill team prizes were won by
The Golden Gate Commandery Band,
of San Francisco, won first prize ,in
the band contests.: This was a trophy
valued at 11000. Second prize, a $500
trophy, was awarded to the Oregon
Grand Commandery band, of Portland.
SENATORS ARE FOR
8 CAPITAL SHIPS
SUBCOMMITTEE TAKES ACTION
Personnel Increase Also
MILLIONS FOR DEFENSE
House Appropriation of $11,245,
925 for Ammunition Increased
to $18,873,500 Jutland -
Battle Causes Action.
WASHINGTON. June 23. A building
programme including four superdread
naughts and four battle cruisers for tbe
coming year was agreed upon today by
the Senate naval subcommittee after a
conference wlta Secretary Daniels and
Rear-Admirals Taylor and Blue. .
The subcommittee also decided to
recommend an increase of 20.703 ln the
enlisted strength of the Navy, bring
ing the total up to 74,700. -
The authorization for eight capital
ships which waa approved as part of a
five-year construction policy, similar
to that drafted by the Navy general
board Is understood to bo acceptable
to President Wilson. As It passed the
House, the measure provides for five
battle cruisers and no dreadnaughts
and contains no authorization for a
Persensel Increase 11,000.
The personnel increase approved by
the House was only. 11,000. bringing the
total enlisted strength to 65,00. In
addition to providing for a peace
strength of 74,700, the Senate sub
committee decided, on the recommenda
tion of Secretary Daniels to Insert ln
the bill a section under which the
President could recruit the Navy up to
17,000 ln an emergency.
Other amendments agreed on Include
appropriations of f 6000 for construc
tion of a floating crane at the Mars
Island Navy-yard and $1,085,000 to e
tend the drydock ln the Charleston.
S. C, Navy-yard for accommodation ot
deep draught vessels; a provision under
which officers of the line above the
rank of captain would be chosen on
1 the basis of merit instead of seniority
and a stipulation that the total num
ber of commissioned officers exclusive
of warrant officers shall b 4 percent
of the total enlisted strength of tbe
active list authorized by law.
Yesterday the subcommittee com
posed of Senators Tillman, Swanson
(Concluded on Page 4, Column 3.)x
MAY LEAVE FOR MEXICAN BORDER.
OElti A OI.IIKR i T I I'llill T
'I11E WAY TO THIS MLSS Tt-M.
SALVING OF BEAR
ABANDONED AT LAST
HOPE OF SAVING STEAMER, HOW.
EVER, NOT GIVEX CP.
High Seas Sweep Vessel 50 Feet in
Shore. Hutt Opens and Waters
EUREKA. CaJ- June 23. Salving of
the $1,000,000 steamer Bear, which went
ashore Juno 14 on Sugar Loaf reef, was
abandoned today when heavy seas drove
the derelict 50 feet inshore and strained
tha hull to the breaking point.
The underwriters have not given up
hop of saving the vessel, but admitted
today that the situation was serious
and that a new plan ot operation would
have to be devised for getting her
When the seas swept the steamer
further Inshore the hull opened up ln
places, water cam ln rapidly and soon
extinguished all fires. The cargo atlll
ln the vessel.- it was stated by the salv
ers, was damaged by water. Much of
the cargo was Jettisoned and th beach
is strewn with paper, flour, cheese and
The aalvers began stripping the ves
sel today to save whatever possible ln
case the break-up becomes complete.
NAVAL MILITIA MAY GO
Call Is Possible, Says Assistant Sec
NEW YORK. June 23. Assistant Sec
retary of the Navy Franklin D. Roose
velt announced tonight at a dinner hero
In celebration of the 25th anniversary
of the organization of the Naval Re
serve of New York that It Is "within
the bonds of possibility" that the naval
militia of the United States will be
called out as a result of the Mexican
He coupled this statement with a
declaration that 200,000 men are neces
sary for the Navy.
'ARREST CATHOLICS' ORDER
Enemies of Constitutional Rule ln
Mexico to Be Taken First.
EL PASO. Tex., June 23. A copy of a
message waa brought to El Paso to
night from Juarez, which is said
authoritatively to have been sent to
all commanding officials throughout
the revolution-riddled republic.
The message reads:
"At the outbreak of hostilities with
the United States arrest all Catholics,
clentlncos and other enemies of the
constitutional government."- -
IS 18 INCHES
Water Is Expected
KALISPELL. Mont-. June 23. Without
wire, mail or railroad communication
since last Monday, the Flathead Valley
and the town of Kalispell is suffering
from the worst flood since 1894.
Eighteen Inches of snow fell in tbe
Flathead Indian Reservation Wednes
day, with a heavy fall in the moun
tains. ITS CO.Ml'lL.MATIOS.
Captain Williams Will
SUPPLIES ARE NOW AWAITED
Company M, Salem, Is First to
Be Mustered In.
PHYSICAL TEST REQUIRED
Militia to Be Rnslied to Border as
Fast as Each Organization Ts
Put in Shape for Ac
tive Military Service.
CAMP WITHTCOMBE. Or., June 2S.
(Special.) The Oregon troops ln camp
here will bo sent to the border as soon
as. In the opinion of Captain' Kenneta
P. Williams, of the United Etates Army,
chief mustering officer, they are "rea
sonably ready" for field service.
In all probability this will not be for
at least a week or ten days. Quite pos
sibly It will be even longer.
Here is the wording of "part of,the
message of instructions received early
today by Captain Williams from the
"The moment that any regiment, sep
arate battalion or other separate or
ganisation la reported by you as rea
sonably ready for Held service. It will
be sent to points that will bo desig
nated by General Funston for duty on
At Least Week Weeded.
Captain Williams said that under his
Interpretation, he will consider the
troops to bo "reasonably ready" when
each man has hla full equipment after
having been mustered Into the Federal
service and passed tho rigid physical
"It. my opiru'on," explained the Cap
tain. "It will be a week or ten days
before the organizations are fully
equipped up to maximum strength, as
authorised only on Juno 22.
"Tho maximum strength of the- In
fantry organizations of the Oregon Na
tional Guard was approximately CS men
to the company before this order waa
received. The order of the President of
the United Statea for tho mobilization
of these troopa Increases their strength
from 63 per company to approximately
150 men per company.
Supplies) Art mm Way.
"This haa necessitated additional
ordnance (rifles, etc) and quarter
master supplies, which have been
shipped by freight and express to
Clackamas from points of storage on
the Western Coast. It will require sev
eral days for them to arrive and be
issued to the organisations requiring
"Every effort Is being made by aha
Federal authorities to facilitate and
expedite tbe equipment and movement
It is considered unlikely that any
battalions of the Third Infantry will
be ordered to move until the whole
regiment Is ready for service. So far.
only one of the 17 organizations en
camped here has furnished the neces
sary papers to Captain Williams to be
mustered Into the Federal service.
Company- M Is Mastered Is.
This was Company M of Salem.
After having signed the muster rolls
last night. Captain Gehlhar and his men
were formally sworn In by Captain
Williams at 2 o'clock today. They are
now United States troops and no longer
members of the National Guard.
Other companies may be ready to be
mustered In today, but It Is certain to
be several days before all organiza
tions ln camp are ready to take the
Federal oath of service.
The War Department order directing
Captain Williams to report when any
"separate organization" Is reasonably
ready for service refers to Battery A.
Field Artillery and Troop A. Cavalry,
which are separate from the Third
If they are ready for service before
the Third Infantry they will probably
be sent on to the border ahead of tho
Phyalcal Teat Required.
It waa made clear in further orders
received late today by Captain Will
iams from the Secretary of War that .
every officer and enlisted man ln the
National Guard organizations will have
to pass a strict physical examination
before .being accepted for border duty.
This order directed that any officers
or enlisted men who are found physi
cally disqualified after being mustered
Into the Federal service shall be dis
charged. Up to today it had been supposed
that the physical examination required
after the mustering in would bo only
to note physical defects and record
them against future applications for
pensions. The War Department, how
over, now requires that every man sent
to the border shall be fully on a par
physically with tbe troops of the Regu
Pew CxpeteH to Be Dropped.
Inasmuch as the Oregon XattonoJ
Guard for the past year has based its
physical requirements on the Hegulaj
Army standard. Adjutant-General
George A. White expressed confidence
last night that very few men would
bo "weeded out" In this second physical
Of the first 18 men of Company M,
tConcluded on Fage 7, Column 2.)