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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View This Issue
VOL. L.VI. XO. 17,341.
PORTLAND OREGON, TUESDAY. JUNE 20, 1916.
PRICE FIVE CENTS.
HONOR TO BE KEPT,
ON DEL RIO, TEX.
Another Big Force Is
EMPLOYERS TO PAY
GUARDS AT FRONT
LEAVE CITY TODAY
T. R. TO SUPPORT.
HUGHES, IS BELIEF
SENATOR LODGE GAIXS IMPRES
" SION AT CONFERENCE.
PORTLAND IS SWEPT
BY PATRIOTIC WAVE
Business and Industry
Give Up Recruits.
WAR JTOT TO BE AVOIDED NOlt
DECLARED, ME SAYS.'
SAX KRAXCISCO CONCERNS EX
Carranza Expected to Act
on Receipt of Note.
DEMAND IS STERNLY REFUSED
AtXeast 100,000 and Possibly
Many More Preparing to
- . Rush to Border.
GUARD MAY INVADE MEXICO
New Law May Be Made "Ef
fective at Once Fears for
WASHINGTON, June 19. Upon
General Carranza's reception of a
stern refusal to heed his demands for
recall of American troops from Mex
ico hinges the question of a Mexican
war, in the opinion of President Wil
son's close advisers. They were pre
pared tonight for the possibility ' of
open hostilities after the note which
will be sent forward tomorrow has
reached Carranza's hands.
No indication has come that the
first chief's attitude of implacable
hostility would be shaken by the re
iterated declaration of the latest com
munication that the United States has
no aggressive or warlike purpose to
ward Mexico, but is firmly resolved
to protect ier borders and end bri
gandage in the border states.
Note to Be Delivered Today.
The reply to Carranza's note de
manding recall of General Pershing's
expedition was in the hands of the
Government Printer tonight, prepara
tory to its delivery and publication to
morrow. Secretary Lansing had in
tended to send it forward today, but
at the la6t moment minor changes and
additions to the 6000-word document
necessitated delay. Although it had
been planned to send it by special
messenger to Mexico City, the situa
tion has changed and it probably will
be handed to Kliseo Arredondo, Mex
ican Ambassador-designate. ,
Militia May Enter Mexico.
Indications that the militia now be
ing mobilized is intended as well for
invasion of Mexico as for guard duty
on the border appeared today in Ad
ministration circles when steps were
taken to have the new army reor
ganization law, which becomes effect
ive July 1, become in force at once.
Congress will be asked to settle this
Under the present law the troops
cannot be- sent out of the United
States unless war has actually been
While the diplomatic steps were in
progress ' today, the Nation was
stirred throughout its length and
breadth with the movement of Na
tional Guardsmen mobilizing to guard
the border. At least 100,000 and pos
sibly a far larger number were pre
paring for active service under Presi
dent Wilson's call.- For the present
their mission will be purely one of de
fense, but, should war come, they
will be ready also for that. No
marching orders for the new forces
had gone out tonight. They will not
be assigned for border duty until mus
tered into the Federal service.
Troops to Await Call to Border.
Even when mobilization is com
pleted, only such units will be ordered
south as General Funston desires to
fill, the gaps in his 1800-mile guard
line. .The remainder will rest on their
arms at the state mobilization camps
for the present, awaiting the turn of
Official reports frommany quar
ters show that a flame of popular
feeling against the United States is
being kindled throughout Mexico. Ap
parently it is being done with the
sanction of General Carranza, for the
acts in many cases are those of his
authorized military or civil agents.
From Juarez to the west coast of
Mexico posters have appeared calling
the people to arms and asserting that
the United States is preparing to hurl
its armies into Mexico. Chaotic con
ditions prevail everywhere, it is said,
Clashes such as that between Mexican
troops and American bluejackets at
Mazatlan yesterday show that refa-
tions are strained to the breaking
point. The act of a subordinate com
jkCuududod ou A. Column J
Posters - Calling All Mexicans to
Arms Displayed Guaymas
Orders Americans Arrest.
MEXICO CITY, Jane 10. General
Carranza, In a atatemcnt to the press
tonight, reiterated bU declaration that
any movement of American troops ex
cept to the northward would be con
sidered hostile and that Mexican com
manders had been ordered to repel It
It made. -
MEXICO CITT. June 19 The streets
and public squares of the capital were
thronged all the afternoon with patri
otic paraders, who marched to the va
rious public offices led by bands carry
ing; the national emblems as evidences
of their willingness to defend the coun
try's honor and dignity in case of a
More than 10,000 persons gathered in
the great square bounded by the ca
thedral and municipal palaces, where
they were addressed by General Car
ranza. War Minister Obregon and other
members of the, government. General
Carranza. told the throngs that Mexico
was not seeking war, but would not
avoid It at the cost of national dignity.
"Mexico," said General Carranza,
"will not declare war on the United
States, . but will . know how to do her
duty if hostilities are forced upon her."
A meeting of Mexican workingmen's
organizations tonight decided to send a
committee of workmen to Fledras Ne
gras tomorrow to .confer with a com
mittee from the American Federation
of Labor and to use every effort to pre
vent war between the United States
It was announced that no restrictions
would be placed on Americans desiring
to. leave Mexico, and that they would
be . protected. A general exodus of
Americans has commenced. 4
touring the demonstrations today the
American consulate was stoned.
Late today a commission of engineers
called on General Carranza and offered
a plan for national defense in case of
war with the United States.
GUATMAS, Mexico, June' 19. (By
radio to San Diego, Cal.) Posters call
ing all Mexicans to arms were dis
played throughout the city today and
also. It was reported, in the Interior.
According to reports, Mexican author
ities have ordered all able-bodied
Americans taken prisoner and intend to
disarm all foreigners In the Yaqui
w i ii
YUCATAN. DECLARES WAR
Governor -Orders All Americans Out:
Excitement Is High.
GALVESTON, Tex., June 19. The
Mexican government in Tucatan has
Issued a proclamation ordering all
Americans out of Mexico and declaring
a state of war existing between the
two countries, according to passengers
arriving here this morning on the
Norwegian steamer Nils, from Pro-
Americans and other foreigners are
being taken on board an American
gunboat at Progreso. Great excitement
is said to prevail.
SUBMARINE SINKS GERMAN
Steamer Kras Destroyed After Crew
Is Warned by British.
LONDON, June 19. The German
steamer Ems, from Christlania for Lu
brek.jap.torpedoed this morning off
the fJBist terth of Falkenberg, Sweden,
susfiosedly Ty a British submarine,
eayia ReuterNiispatch from Stockholm
tf Aft Germrfn ; steamer Ems was 699
tons - gross, built in 1907, and was
owfted in Hamburg. Time was allowed
for ' the crew to escape and all were
MAN, 60, MARRIES GIRL 20
Otto Kleeinan, of Portland, Claims
Bride at Tlie Dalles.
THE DALLES, Or., June 19. (Spe
cial.) Otto Kleemann, a well-known
architect of Portland, and Miss Nellie
A. Taylor, also of Portland, were mar
ried here Sunday.
The bridegroom is 60 -years of age.
while the bride is only-20, according to
the marriage license. Mr. Kleeman is
well known as the designer of St.
Peter's Catholic Church here.
CANADIAN BRIDGES GO OUT
Ifigli Water Does Damage to Line
NELSON. B. C. June 19. High water
washed out part of the cribbing of the
Canadian Pacific Railroad bridges at
Lemon Creek, on the Slocan line, and
of several bridges on the Kasio & Slo
Slocan Lake rose 10 inches in 24
The bridges are being restored.
MEXICAN RIOTERS FREED
Redding, Cal., Judge Says Men Only
REDDING, Cal., June 19. Twenty-one
Americans and Mexicans jailed here
last night during a riot In which three
were stabbed were freed today from
the city jail by Judge W. E. Helsinger,
who declared the Mexicans innocent of
everything save self-defense.
Three Redding young men, Justice
Helsinger said, caused the outbreak,
U. S. TROOPS RUSH IN AUTOS
Carranza Army Is Distributed
Few Miles South of Line.
FUNSTON WATCHES KEENLY
New York, Illinois and Pennsylvania
Militia Thought Likely to Be
First Called to the Front.
Quiet Is Reported.
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., June 19. Mex
ican government troops were reported
tonight to be marching toward Del Rio,
a border town about 100 miles up the
Rio Grande from Eagle Pass, with the
announced Intention of attacking the
This information was the most nota
ble bit of evidence indicating the atti
tude of the de facto government that
reached General Funston today. It was
brought to the border by a Mexican,
who said the force was 1500 strong.
According to his report, the Mexican
troops said they intended to attack the
Americans tonight or tomorrow night.
It was estimated that late today they
were about 40 miles south of Del Rio.
Troops Rushed In Motor TrockV
Colonel Frederick W. Sibley, of the
Fourteenth Cavalry, who commanded
the expedition that entered Mexico
after the Glenn Springs raid. Is in com
mand at Del Rio. It was believed here
that he was prepared to take care of
his position, but to make it more cer
tain. General Greene sent from Eagle
Pass, in motor trucks, a battalion, of
the Third Infantry. The battalion
should arrive at Del Rio before morn
While 100.000 members of the militia
were being mobilized today. General
Funston anxiously studied the" .der
for any indication of hostility on the
part of Carranza's troops.
Army Officers along the Rio Grande
from Brownsville to El Paso obtained
what information they could concern
ing the movements on the Mexican
side both of bandits and government
Border --Garrisons Small.
General PerBhing's reports Indicated
that General Jacinto Trevino's troops
had not yet made any advance- move
and Army officers believed It Improba
ble that they would unless Treylnp re
ceived special orders from Mexico City.
Such information as reached General
Funston concerning the movements if
Mexican troops indicated the Adoption
of a plan not to maintain heavy garri
sons at border points, but to hold the
bulk of the border army some miles
south of the Rio Grande.
The garrison at Nuevo Laredo, Mexico,
was strengthened by a mere handful of
men, but at Lampazos, between Laredo
and Monterey, there were held 6000 or
(Conoluded on Page 4, Coluraq 2)
teJEAOY AC AtXOCS
TO r c ?V a
FACE TO FiACE
Southern Pacific President Says
Railroad Men on Own Jobs Are
Patriots arid Needed.
SAN FRANCISCO, June 19. (Spe
cial.) Many of San Francisco's largest
employers will continue to pay the
wages of their men who are members
oi me .national uuara during sucn time,
as they may be absent In the service I
of the country.
Although the call tor the militia Is
only a few hours old a large number
of employers have already announced
that they will hold positions open for
their men who go with the National
Guard, and will keep them on the pay
roll. . . . .
Among the large business - houses
the movement to aid the Government
In the mobilization of the citizen army
by relieving the militiamen of financial
worry during their absence seems to
have reached goodly proportons. The
banks In particular have notified their
men that If they go their jobs will be
held for them and their pay checks
made out as usual.
A brief survey today found few who
had not already announced this policy,
though some said that . the question
was so new that It had -not been taken
The Pacific . Telephone & Telegraph
Company was one of the first to make
The Southern Pacific Company, how
ever, is an exception.
William Sproule, president of that
company, said: '
"In case of war every railroad man
Is needed by the country In his Job.
The railway system of the country Is
one great branch of military prepara
tion. It is just as patriotic for the
railroad man to stick to his job as It
Is to go out and shoulder a musket."
UTAH 'BATTERY IN CAMP
Artillery Militia Is First to Go to
SALT LAKE CITY, Utah, June 19.
The First Battery, Utah Field Artillery,
went Into camp here this afternoon
with 135 men and full complement of
guns, horses and equipment. The rest
of the militia, consisting of six troops
of cavalry, will go into camp In a few
Military recruiting offices were
opened today and had all the applica
tions they could handle.
WIVES OF ABSENTEES FREE
Rome to Permit Italian-Americans'
Mates to Join Them.
ROME, via Paris. June 19. The Ital
ian government has decided to permit
wives of Italians who have become nat
uralized Americans and have not re
turned to Italy for military service to
jreloln their husbands In America,
-'Heretofore this has been forbidden.
ARMY? AVIATOR IS INJURED
Volplane Made From 4 000 Feet
Aloft Because Propellor Breaks. "
COLCMBUS. N. M.. June 19. Lieu
tenant Carlton D. Chapman, piloting
an Army biplane, volplaned from an
altitude of 4000 feet near here today
andJsuf fered only-minor injuries.
. Tte descent was necessitated by a
broke - propellor. w '
ON TO MEXICO!
r-i - i ' i . yyi rv.
CHAXT- FO THE, BENEFIT OF
FAIK. SOUJ HI Z H UN YfZ S
Tented City .Will Rise
MOVE BEGINS AT 2 O'CLOCK
Reports Indicate Practically
All Companies Ready.
MEN FLOCK TO ENLIST
Guard Will Be Mustered in Without
Further Physical Test Com
mands Will Be Recruited to
. Full War . Strength.
MUST Ell I NO OFFICER IS
Lieutenant K. P. Williams.
United States Army, present Inspector-instructor
of the Oregon
National Guard, was detailed as
musterlng-ln officer of the Ore
gon, troops ' called out by the
President. In War Department
orders Issued yesterday.
The necessary blanks and forms
for mustering the National
Guardsmen into the Federal serv
ice will be - Jarwarded at once
from the headquarters of the
Western Departmei t ' of the
United Statea Army at San Fran
cisco. The troops will be mustered in
at the Clackamas state mobiliza
tion camp. No intimation has
been received from the War De
partment as to how long the Ore
gon troops will be encamped at
Clackamas before moving to the
Troops of the Oregon National Guard
will begin moving today from local
assembling poi-.ts to the state mobiliza
tion " imp at Clackamas Station, 1Z
miles from Portlana.
By tonight a tented city will haveJ
arisen there on the broad acres of
the state rifle range. Sentries will be
on' post. Military discipline will pre.
vail. And It will behoove no enthusi
astic person to be too careless of any
More troops will continue to arrive
and detrain Wednesday from points
through the state.
Mobilisation TobIbM Indicated.
Reports received last night by Adjutant-General
George A. White from all
company commanders indicated that by
Wednesday night the mobilization of
Oregon's quota of National Guard troops
called out by the President will be
If all 11 companies of the Third In
fantry, with Battery A. Field Artillery,
and Troop A, Cavalry, are in camp by
that time, it will be a remarkable ac
complishment for a National Guard or
ganizatlon, where the men are called to
Concluded on Puge 6. Column 2.)
IF YOUfZ -SOiDiFfS.
TKtMrilHOS HE FltjHjA
WITH A HORSE Alio
HE COCKS A
IF HE WEARS
fKrH 7Ji or
SOT YrVEY .tjtr-
Colonel Declines to Commit Self to
Radical Progressives Vrjlng.
Him' to Make Race.
' OYSTER BAT, N. Y.. June 19. After
a conference here tonight with Theo
dore Roosevelt. United States Senator
Lodge, of Massachusetts, declared be
believed the ex-President would sup
port Charles 12. Hughes in the forth
"I found Colonel Roosevelt looking
much better than I had expected." said
Senator Lodge. "Of course we dis
cussed Mr. Hughes, but very little of
"Will the Colonel support Mr. Hughes T
"That is my Impression," replied Sen
Significance was attached to Senator
Lodge's visit, as it was said he had
conferred earlier in the day in New
Tork with Mr. Hughes and W. Murray
Crane. . v
It was, the first time the Senator had
seen Colonel Roosevelt since the latter
suggested him as a compromise candi
date to the Republican and Progressive
conventions in Chicago.
Senator Lodge spent more than an
hour with the ex-President, after which
he left for Washington.
Other .visitors to see Colonel Roose
velt at Sagamore Hill today were C P.
Connelly and A.- J. Hopkins, of New
Jersey, who are said to represent the
"radical" wing of the Progressive party;
E. A. Van Valkenburg. William Flynn
and William Draper Lewis, of Penn
sylvania; Everett Colby, of New Jersey;
James R. Garfield, of Ohio, and O. K.
Davis, secretary of the Progressive Na
tional committee. Mr. Connolly and
Mr. Hopkins urged Colonel Roosevelt
to lead a third ticket, but the ex-PreBl-dent.
it was said, refused to commit
MARRIED MENN0T IMMUNE
Leaves to Be Granted" in Special
Cases Purely on Merits.
WASHINGTON. June 19. The War
Department received - many inquiries
today as to what immunities would be
granted' married men who are mem
bers of the National Guard.
While most officials were Inclined to
believe that leaves should be granted
those who can show that their absence
from business would be a privation to
dependent families. It was pointed out
that each case must be presented sepa
rately and would be decided on Its
NEVADA ' TO HAVE MILITIA
Only State Without Guard to Organ
ize at Oncti
RENO. Nev.. June 19. Although the
state of Nevada has no National Guard
or stute mllltla organizations. Gover
nor Bmmett Boyle said today that Im
mediate steps will be taken to organ
ize the National Guard and bring it
up to fufl peace strength. 600 men.
The troops will be ready for service
within 30 days in the opinion of the
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temper&tur, 60
degrees; minimum, ou ereea.
TODAY'S Unsettled and occasional threat
en ins. warmer, winds mostly westerly.
Open break today with Mexico la regarded as
likely. Page 1.
All lines of business In Portland aj- affected
by call for Guard. Page 1.
Sailors return fire of Mexicans at Mazatlan.
Many Coast and Northwest OuarCs ready to
entrain. Page -
Oregon and Washington among early respon
ses to mobilization order. Page 4.
Mllltla mobilizing all over Nation. Page. 6.
Warships of Pacific fleet on way to Mexico.
Portland troops leave at 2 o'clock this after-
uooq for Clackamas. Page 1.
Salem signs, "your conntry needs you," set
recruits rapidly. Pace 4.
6au Francisco employers to pay men who
go to front. Page 1.
Mex trans reported marching on Del Rio.
Tex. Page 1
portland adds 130 recruits In day. Page 4.
Carranxa says watwill not be avoided 'at
cot or dignity. Psge 1.
Bulgarians begin advance In Macedonia.
Official reports. Page 3. 1
Austrian army In full flight toward Car
pathians. Page 3.
Democratic party leaders lay plana for cam
paign. Page 9.
Senator Iodge visits Roosevelt and says
h believes Colonel will support Hughes.
Mr. Hughes selects Summer home and cam
paign headquarters, page V.
Phon girls describe conversation between
Orpet and Miss Lambert. Page 3. .
Salt Lake opens against Portland here to
day. Page 14.
Sport programme arranged for Fourth of
July. Page IS.
Chop stroke wins for girl In Pacific States
tennis play. Psge 14. -
Rose City Club offers good boxing .card
tonight. Page 14.
Cleveland orders Southpaw Mitchell to re
port to Portland. Page lu.
' Commercial and Marine.
Wbest sellers withdraw, pending Mexican
war developments. Page 10.
War prospect lifts grain and provisions at
Chicago. Page 19.
Wall-street market declines under heavy
liquidation. Page Itf.
Cattle and hogs higher at local stockyards.
Willamette reaches 20 feet. Page 11.
Chamber members indorse op-n shop resolu
tions of directors. Page 8.
Portland and Vicinity.
Secretary E. D. Baldwin Is back with story
of Hughes nomination. . Pag u.
Special train -is employed In society film
d rama. Pa ge 1 3.
Christian Brothers College grants diplomas.
Three arrested for selling books on birth
control. Page IX .
Republican Committee to be organized about
July Ju Page .
Weather report, data and forecast. Page Id.
MEIER & FRANK'S SENJJS 35
Lawyers, Doctors, Bankers
and Laborers Are Enlisting.
BOYS WANT TO GO, TOO
Armory Is Busy Flace, With Ham of
Preparation for Departure for
Border- Hccrnits Get First
Lessons in Training.
reureme:.t5 of enlist
Any able-bodied mail citizen of
the United States, c good char
acter, between the ages of 18
and 4S. Is eligible to enlistment.
Persons desiring to enlist are
urged to apply at once at the
Armory, Eleventh and Davis
streets. It Is expected that most,
of the companies will be recruit
ed up to full minimum strength by
tonight. Recruiting off'cers will
remain at the Armory for an in
definite period or until such time
as the full quota of recruits is
Patriotism ran high In Portland yes
terday. Response to the Oregon Na
tional G ard's call for recruits was
marked with enthusiasm among per
sons . 'n all walks of life. Youths
scarcely within the age limit and mid-dle-aa-edfinen.
persons representing the
various professions and trades, clerks
and laborers presented themselves at
the Armory, eagor to go to the front
and to take up arms in the Mexican
From the department stores, the rail
road companies, the banks and other
business . Institutions, big and little,
came the prospective soldiers.
- All day long and late into the night,
the Armory was a busy scene. Squads
were drilling, recruits were hastening
hither and thither seeking their ap
pointed places, officers were busy exe
cuting orders and the veteran militia
men were busy In making final prep
arations 'or mobilization.
Married Mi Arraago Affair.
Between breathing spells, the militia
men took occasion to arrange their
business affairs. Some were so busy
that they were unable to leave the
Armory and issled Instructions, to their
business associates over the telephone
le married militiamen had addition- -at
duties those of making provisions
for their families and of seeing that
they were In good hands. Special pre
caution was takn in these things, as '
the militiamen wanted to 'be prepared
to leave with a feeling of satisfaction '
at any moment the order should come
to move to the border.
Among those who enlisted yesterday
many were former members of the
militia, and had served their prescribed
time. - Because of their military ' ex
perience, they were Invariably accepted
as long, of course, as they met the
Gooel Teeth Are Repaired.
In" charge of the examination of
recruits are Major M. D. Marcellus.
Frst Lieutenant V. C Birney and First
Lieutenant Li. II. McLean, of the medi
"The men seeking enlistment, for the
most part, were In fine condition," said
Major Marcellua. The principal causes
for rejection were flat-foot, varicose
veins. , rupture and bad teeth. One
of the special requirements Is that the
applicant must have good teeth.
Several of the applicants were below
the prescribed height of five feet and
four inches. This height Is somewhat
higher than the present European
Kmployers generally showed keen In
terest In the mobilization and. with a
few exceptions, made no objections to
their employes enlisting. Most of the
men were assured that their positions
would be open to them on their return.
Meier A Fraak's Sends 35.
Among the institutions that con
tributed the largest quota of men to
the militia' was the Meier & Frank
store. From this"cstablishment 33 em
ployes enlisted. The department store
of Llpman, Wolfe &. Co. will be rep
resented by 20 or more men and about
a dozen men from Olds, Wortman &
King joined the colors. Other mercan
tile institutions are sending forth their
proportionate quota of employes.
The Portland Railway. Light & Power
Company will be deprived of the service
of 15 of Hi employes as a result of the
calling out of the state troops, accord
ing to General Superintendent Coldwell.
Of the 25 men, 16 are carmen and the
remainder are employed In the offi&s
of the company. In addition, the com
pany has eight or 10 employes who are
members of the Naval . Militia and
several who are members of the Coast
Cas Cesapaay Loses Tlae.'
Seven men employed by the Portland
Gas & Coke Company will go to the
colors as a result of the call. All are
employed 1n the commercial department
of the company. The company also hta
tConciudwd ou tt. Column b.t