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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (June 7, 1916)
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PORTLAND, WEDNESDAY. JOE 7, 1816.
KITCHENER AND BIS WORK.
The sentiment with which the Brit
ish Empire received the news that
Earl "Kitchener had been drowned
with his entire official staff was dis
may. His series of rapid successes in
every field in which he had served
prior to the great war, his cold-blooded,
machine-like efficiency and his dis
regard of popular acclaim caused him
to be regarded almost as a superman,
When we review his great achieve
ments crowned toy the organization
and equipment in less than two years
f an army of more than 5.000,000
men in an absolutely unprepared
country, there seems to be much cause
lor so regarding him. Such prestige
tends to create the impression that he
was indispensable, that no man quali
fied to fill his place can be found ami
that his loss is therefore irretrievable.
It is no disparagement of Kitchen
er's transcendent ability as a strategist
and field commander to say that he
excelled more as an organizer and en
gineer, for skill and endless pains in
organization are essential to success in
battle as war is now conducted. Kit
chener displayed brilliant generalship
In his defeat of the Khalifa and of the
Boers, but his greatest triumphs were
in organization and engineering. By
organizing the Egyptian army he pro
vided the force to conquer the Sou
dan. By building the railroad up the
Kile and across the Nubian desert he
enabled it to come face to face with
the Khalifa's army in good condi
tion and well supplied with all the
requisites for victory. His army hav
ing been brought to Omdurman, in. this
condition, its triumph over the Souda
nese hordes was a foregone conclu
sion. His success in this undertaking
shone by contrast with "Wolseleys
failure to relieve Gordon in 1885
through lack of that thoroughness in
providing transport "which Kitchener
. Though Kitchener finally triumphed
over the Boers, his generalship against
them was not faultless. When he had
Cronje cornered at Paardeberg with
no possibility of escape, he made a
premature and costly assault. After
Roberts left him in sole command to
ward the close of 1900, Kitchener tried
to combat guerilla warfare by making
secure his railroad lines, but did not
succeed. He then tried concentrating
the non-combatant Boer population
and devastating the country, but that
only relieved the Boers of responsibil
ity, and their raids continued. Not
until he covered the country with lines
of blockhouses, which fenced it in
and formed bases of supply for his
mobile columns, was he able to make
drives which forced the Boers to sue
for peace. Again engineering played
an important part in his strategy.
His genius for organizing was once
more displayed in reconstruction of
the Indian army. He did service of
inestimable value by devising the sys
tems of compulsory military training
for Australia and New Zealand, which
have enabled the forces of those col
onies to win undying fame in the war.
They have poured forth without stint
from their scanty population soldiers
who have performed seemingly im
possible feats of valor.
Kitchener's achievements tooth as a
General and an organizer pointed to
him as the only man capable of mar
shaling the British forces for the pres
cnt titanic war and directing them to
victory. He had the unbounded con
fidence of his country, and he had
but to call for men and they came.
Starting with a regular army which
could send fewer than 100,000 men to
, Belgium in the first expedition, h
secured 3,000,000 men within a year
by voluntary enlistment a feat un
paralleled by any nation and before
compulsion was made general the
number had been raised to 5,000,000
This alone was work enough for a
superman, but he at the same time
attempted to direct production of mu
nitions and the conduct of the war.
Inevitably some of these things were
ill done. He failed to realize the need
of vast supplies of shells and then to
realize that explosive instead of shrap
nel shells were necessary to cut barbed
wire and clear the way for assault on
trenches. "When a newspaper corre
spondent pointed to the fatal error,
popular idolatry of Kitchener caused
the correspondent to be tried for do
ing the nation a service, and his news,
paper was burned in public places.
When the naval attack on the Dar
danelles was undertaken, Winston
Churchill proposed that a force of 40,
000 men land on the Gallipoli Penin
sula to attack the forts from the rear,
Though subsequent events indicate
that such an expedition would have
won an easy victory and would have
placed Constantinople at the allies'
mercy. Kitchener replied that he had
not 40,000 men to spare and that, if
he had, he would not send them to
Gallipoli. The first fourteen months'
fighting showed that the allies were
not acting in that close concert which
is necessary to make every blow tell
Kitchener must bear a share of the re
Eponsibility for lack of that co-ordi
nation of effort which would cause th
allies to unite in fighting one war in
stead of each fighting a separate war
e. gainst the same enemies.
By degrees Kitchener was relieved
of the excessive burden which caused
each of his several tasks to be im
perfectly done because each required
the entire energy of one man. It was
realized that only by placing under
eingle, governmental head the entire
industrial forces of the nation could
sufficient munitions toe produced, an
this work was handed over to Mr
Lloyd George. The necessity of a di
recting mind over the operations of
all British armies was recognized, and
the General Staff was made an active
power, headed by Sir William Robert
son, who had risen from the ranks to
the highest place in the army.' By
conference among the staffs of the al
: ied powers and by stationing a mem
ber of each nation's staff at the cap
ital of each other nation, that co
operation has been secured which
unites their efforts in the common
Terrible as Is the blow by -which the
British nation is deprived of its great
est military organizer and his imme
diate assistants, its loss is not irre
trievable. Production of munitions
has been provided for, the directing
brain over operations still exists in
the General Staff and the work of or
ganizing: armies has progressed to the
point where one of Kitchener's lieu
tenants should be able to take it up
and carry it on with success.
A BOSS THAT WAS.
The Sunday Oregonian, discussing the out
look at Chicago and the political situation,
very frankly says: 'The Republican candi
date for President must have the approval
and support of Theodore Roosevelt to win
in the coming campaign. Some of the as
pirants, it may frankly be said, could not
succeed with Koosevelt's indorsement. Any
of them will toe beaten without It."
Our bi contemporary has the situation
sized up correctly, only it might have added
that any of them will probably be beaten
with or without Roosevelt's indorsement.
. . . The leaders of the party, or the
alleged leaders, may stand for this kind of
dictation. They may submit to having the
party's nose pulled, its face slapped and
it beaten Into submission. They may submit
to anything because they are politicians and
after power, no matter how it is secured.
They may lo this, but the rank and file
of the Republican party will not. Salem
Perhaps not. ' And perhaps they
may. A somewhat similar situation
existed at Baltimore four years ago, if
memory serves us right, and the rank
and file of the Democratic party,
which, man for man, is not essentially
different from the rank and file of
the Republican party4 stood by . the
Does our Salem friend forget that
Woodrow Wilson is President of the
United States through the grace . of
William Jennings Bryan and a split in
the Republican party?
AMERICA: STRONG AND EFFICIENT.
Those virtuous protests from Demo
cratic and favorite son headquarters
against nomination by the Chicago
convention of a man for President who
has not specifically announced his
opinions on the issues of the hour are
not readily satisfied. Justice Hughes'
brief public address to the graduates
of the National Cathedral School,
Monday, we gather from these patriot
ic sources, contains nothing of a po
litical trend, but if it does it should
not have been uttered. The intention
seems to be-to hit him coming or go
ing: Yet that which Justice Hughes said
is worth preservation and study:
It the flag means America first: It
means an undivided allegiance. It means
America united, strong and efficient, equal
to her tasks; It means that you cannot
be saved by the valor and devotion of your
ancestors; that to each generation cornea
ts patriotic duty, and that upon your will
ngness to sacrifice and endure as those
before you have sacrificed and - endured
rests the National hope.
It speaks of equal rights: of the inspira
tion of free Institutions exemplified and
vindicated; of liberty under law intelligently
conceived and Impartially administered.
There is not a thread in it but scorns self-
indulgence, weakness and rapacity. It is
eloquent of our common interests, outweigh
ing all divergencies of opinion and of our
Preparedness is not wholly a polit
ical issue. In one sense it Is an ex
pression of patriotism, a desire
to be "strong and efficient" that
we may emulate, if need be, the "valor
and devotion of our ancestors." It
cries out against that fat, contented
state of "self-indulgence" which to
some is more attractive than a
'willingness to sacrifice and endure"
that we may carry out our moral ob
ligations as a Nation.
If Justice Hughes was talking poll-
tics, then it is indeed difficult to ex
press words of inspiring patriotism
without encompassing politics.
After all, the chief concern of the
Republican convention is that it may
choose this year for the nomination
a man on whose patriotism the peo
ple will stake their faith. Whatever
else there may be in issue is overshad
owed by that one element. We chal-
lenge anyone to put more patriotism
into two short paragraphs than is con.
tained in those herein quoted.
SOtRCE OF ROOSEVELTS STRENGTH..
Although there is no probability
that Colonel Roosevelt will develop
sufficient strength to secure the Re
publican nomination for President, the
great strength which he has shown in
the very party which he deserted and
denounced four years ago is the. most
convincing evidence that the public
approves the principles for which he
now stands. His strength springs from
the healthy American instinct which
prompts approval of the sturdy Amer
icanism that characterized his foreign
policy as President and that inspires
his present utterances.
How general is this approval of his
sentiments throughout the country
may be inferred from a little straw,
A recent editorial in The Oregonian
on rne itooseveit uiplomacy was
sent Dy a Portland subscriber to a
relative, who is a manufacturer in
Pennsylvania town. In acknowledging
its receipt, the latter wrote:
If you see your editor, tell him that
heartily appreciate his views and find that
great' many men share hi ideas In re
gard to all nations respecting the United
States more during Roosevelt s Admlnistri
tlon than they ever did before or since.
The American people do not believe
that keeping the peace requires knuc
kling under to every nation which
draws our Government into contro
versy, nor that peace is preserved by
timid assertion of our rights by an
Administration which permits the im
pression to prevail that it will draw
back rather than fight for those rights
The American people believe that
peace can be more surely preserved
by firm insistence on our rights and
that by that course the respect of other
nations can also be retained.
Colonel Roosevelt's policy as Presl
dent proved this belief to be well
founded, for he both kept the peace
and upheld our rights, and peace was
more secure because his course in
spired respect. Therein is the most
impressive contrast between his policy
and that of President Wilson.
GIVING THE POOR A CHANCE.
There is a refreshing note in th
Summer camp plans of the Association
for Improving the Condition of th
Poor. A great concentration camp is
to be established on a sunny slope and
there a brigade of poor children is
to be mobilized for the purpose of im
proving their physical standards. They
will not be put through drills nor will
they be made to toil. Their function
is to eat wholesome food, romp an
play in the open air and thus get into
better shape for the long months of
school that begin with September.
It is estimated that 5 per cent of
New York's school children are im
properly nourished. The fact is not
attributable to maternal culinary
shortcomings. There is nothing- re
fined or remote m me malnutrition of
these children. Paternal inability to
rustle enough food for the family is
the cause, and thus the little tads
mope their way through school. The
hungry child, when he goes hungry
to school day after day, is not in fit
condition to learn and develop. Mind
and body become dwarfed and blunted.
The half-starved child of 12 frequently
shows the intelligence of a child half
his age. It has been pretty well es
tablished that many of our defectives,
among both sexes, are the products
of arrested development and that their
development was arrested by im
proper and insufficient nourishment
during growing years.
Two months In the open air with
plenty of plain, wholesome food will
work wonders with these children who
are assembled in the camp. They will
overcome some of the handicaps im
posed upon them by poverty. But the
association . which is taking them in
hand for the Summer should not aban
don them when their bodies have be
come sound and well fed. How much
more acute their suffering if they re
turn with ravenous appetite to homes
where empty larders are the rule.
What is the chief pride of the place
in which you live? The majority of
Portlanders would answer, "The Rose
Festival," if the question were put to
them at this time, no doubt. An inven
tory of those things that stimulate mu
nicipal pride has been taken by the In
dependent with most interesting re
sults. Some 900 queries were sent out
to cities and towns in every section of
the country, and the answers are worth
comparison and consideration.
Schools stand at the head of the
list. Dne hundred and thirteen towns
found in the schools their chief pride.
The community spirit came second,
and after that every order of activity.
Here is the Independent's classifica
tion after canvassing the returns: .
Schools, 113; spirit of unity, co-operation,
etc, 66; Industries, 75; water supply. 67;
scenery, climate, 64; personalities. 63; clubs,
49; parks, 45c; churches, 33; general de
scription, 35; history, 31; civic organization
and institution, 30; librarians, 25; progress.
25; buildings and monuments, 23; people,
21; hospitals, sanatorium and homes, 13;
amusements, 13; health, cleanliness and san
itation,' 12; homes. 11; music, 10; no' sa
loons. .8; children, 8; trees, 7; good roads.
7; newspapers, 6; city planning. 6; mu
seums, C; Y. M. C. A., 5; railroads, 4; suf
frage for women, 3.
Naturally a. number of valuable sug
gestions are to be found in the replies
of enthusiasts. One correspondent de
scribes a co-operative laundry "which
has been put in for the benefit of the
housewives of the place. Once a week
they take their laundry to the co
operative cleaning plant and have the
work done by machinery. Another
town has a woman's free restroom.
where tired shoppers and visiting
farmers' wives may rest, put baby to
sleep, get luncheon and make them
selves comfortable. Another town
boasts a co-operative creamery and
another takes pride In a big concrete
swimming tank which has been pro
vided for the townspeople.
There is profit in this comparing of
notes, In letting one town know what
another is doing. The whole record
is one not of idle dreams, or what
might be done, but of what has been
accomplished to make life brighter.
It is an undertaking deserving the
efforts of a Federal 'bureau and should
be carried farther in an effort to stim
ulate better living conditions among
THE SPREAD OF MUSIC.
While symphony orchestras may
not be multiplying with great rapidity,
the player piano and phonograph are
forging ahead. It may be said that
more music is reaching more homes
than at any time in the past, despite
what carping critics say concerning
the decay of music. Census reports
reveal that the player piano output
has gained 154.6 per cent since 1909,
while the phonograph output has in
creased nearly as much. The ordinary
piano, on the other hand, is becoming
a' neglected institution except in a few
The player people are harvesting
$20,000,000 a year, or thereabouts, and
the crop continues to grow. Nor must
the service in the cause of developing
National ear for music be mini
mized. The player piano Is no longer
a thumpty-thump affair that grinds
out a Blue Danube waltz much as a
machine would grind out a bologna
sausage. Nor Is the phonograph
producer of eerie screeches. Both de
vices have been perfected until they
simulate real music. The player piano
lends itself to individual interpreta
tion. The horny-fisted section fore'
man is able to cultivate his soul with
his own interpretation of a Liszt rhap
sody, provided his tastes do not run
riotously, tor ragtime. Where it once
took ten years to learn to play any
thing by Chopin, ten minutes suffices
Small wonder the old cottage organ
has been relegated to the second-class
order of second-hand store. It was
no more inspiring than the talents of
mother, whose fingers were stiffened
by housework, or daughter, who was
Just learning to torture the instrument
and household. Now even little Willy
tan dash off a Tschaikowsky overture
with abandon. The advantage is that
homes which once knew nothing of the
joys of music now have it as a steady
. THE NEW ALLEU I ANC E.
Hungarians are somewhat celebrated
for their love of country. Hungarian
patriotism has stood the test of many
a hard-fought battle and many a pe
riod of privation and sacrifice. In
America they are somewhat slow to
yield to the processes of assimilation
During the course of the present war
Hungarians have been wont to meet
and plan a return to the fatherland
after the reign of devastation has
spent its force. At a gathering
these repining patriots at Peekskill
the other day an eminent member o
their lot addressed himself to those
who have taken out papers of Amer
lean citizenship. He said:-
Every one of us who returns to Hungary
repudiates his American citlzenehlp and re
sumes his status as a Hungarian subjec
will prove by his action that the hyphen
Is a weakness in the (American) body po
litic unreliable in hours of storm and stress,
the cloak of ever possible treachery. To
have sworn allegiance of your own free
will, of your own conviction after mature
deliberation. That oath stands, and noth
ing can affect its sanctity. You cannot
back. Your first duty is here.
Such an expression is designed. to
recall hyphenated American citizen
from the whisperings of remote senti
ments which they put aside when they
became Americans. The rush of sym
pathy. for a bleeding native land, th
temptation to return and lend a hand
those are natural sentiments. But
tney must De tnrust aside by a new
and solemn obligation to -serve this
Nation- of freemen in this land of
privilege and opportunity. Those who
have fled from the stifling environs
of Europe, who have enjoyed the.
boons and bounties of America and
have cast their lot and their children's
lot with the country of their choice
face but one obligation, but one duty.
Their loyalty belongs here. The call
of. the blood is certain to tug' at the
heartstrings, but honor, duty, fealty,
everything that is good in normal man,
should rebel at the thought of disloy
alty to the secret pledge of American
Those who cannot guide themselves
by such an attitude should hasten, hack
to Europe at the earliest opportunity.
America is better off without them.
By the time the naval battle is a
week old, the British Admiralty will
have the entire German navy at the
bottom of the sea if it keeps up the
present pace of sinking ships by a
stroke of the pen. John Bull may be
slow, but he is, thorough and perser
verlng. Irvin S. Cobb's keen recognition of
the various smells of a convention
make him a rival to that author who
said that in Cologne he could smell
seventeen distinct smells at the same
time. He has a highly cultivated nose.
The elephant and the moose neces
sarily have a little argument before
they Imitate the Scriptural Hon and
lamb by lying down together, but they
certainly are in the mood to make up
and let bygones be bygones. .
The driver of a motorcar that killed
four people while speeding in Kansas
City has been given two years for
manslaughter and believes he got off
easy, as he pleaded guilty to get it.
The Attorney-General rules that a
man beaten for the nomination may
run independent. He neglects to state
the man's hide must be extraordinarily
thick as one qualification.
Wilson is at work on another note
to Carranza. What a library all the
Wilson notes will make when he col
lects them later for publication in
Each vote at the recent primary
election in Gilliam County cost J1.20
and taxpayers over there think they
did not get their money's worth. There
The city has quit the business of
bartering vacant lots and placed the
burden on the policeman, whose view
will be kaleidoscopic as he whizzes by
in his car.
An ancient spade has been uncov
ered at The Dalles, and if somebody
can unearth a club and others dig up
diamonds and hearts the game can
Having got through celebrating their
great victory at the recent election.
the candidates must not forget to pre
pare for the second relay of the race,
There appears to be no contest over
the Democratic nomination. The as
pirants just realize that the nomina
tion gets them nowhere this year.
Mr. Joe Day and associates have
the full permission of the city the rest
of the week to crack the heads of
pickpockets and similar rascals.
The fact that Mr. Coffin is at the
head of the Safety First Commission
Is suggestive of the penalty which
awaits the careless.
Kitchener organized the greatest
army the world has known. Though
taken 'before his task was finished, his
Influence is there.
The verdict in E.'D. Barker's case
shows that one can get out of the
clutch of a loan shark if one has but
Yuan Shi Kai was a cunning old
politician, but' he was too previous in
assuming that China was ready for a
The supreme idea in Europe is the
more of the enemy "you kill, the great
er degree of freedom for your own
Queen Muriel and King Joy are
happier sovereigns over more devoted
su'bjects' than any in Europe, Asia or
Incidentally, the country appears to
have forgotten that we have an army
baking in the wastes of Northern Mei
Lamar Tooze's trip to Europe with
the Ford people did not prevent him
becoming the A-No. 1 boy in his class.
The marine visions seen by the
Danes are no longer the flying Dutch
man; they are the sinking German.
In deciding whether or not a man
Is drunk, a policeman is a qualified
However hard the belligerents may
drive, none of them exceed the speed
If business Interferes with pleasure,
cut out business the remainder of this
However, perhaps the British fleet
will win next year's naval annual.
What, to do with Webster is
problem of the Oregon delegation.
Tou'll find the real news from Chi
cago in the Sunday paper.
It takes the British war 'bulletin to
turn defeat into victory.
Twentieth-century history is in the
making at Chicago.
Nothing wrong about a Rose Festl
val in a "dry" year.
How about it. Mr. Myers?
Speaking about roses, call up your
Hail to the queen, but do not dis
card the king.
At least Teddy will make a noise at
Portland is ready in Its best bib and
England is feeling the chastening
Looks like weather made to order.
June has on its sweetest smile.
Long live Queen Muriel!
Today's the day.
How to Keep Well
Br Dr. w. A. Etui.
Questions pertinent to hygiene, sanitation
and prevention of disease. If matters of gen
eral Interest, will be answered in this col
umn. Where space -will not permit or the
subject is not suitable, letter will be per
sonally answered, subject to proper limita
tions and where stamped, addressed en
velope is Inclosed. Dr. Evans will not make
diagnosis or prescribe for Individual dis
eases. Requests for such service cannot be
(Copyright, 1916. by Dr. W. A. Brans.
Published by arrangement with the Chicago
TIREDERICK HOFFMAN, of the Pru-
s. ucmiai j,ii m "The Mortality rom
Cancer Throughout the "World," pub
lishes the cancer pamphlet of the bor
ough of Shelf. England. Some of the
points made are as follows:
First Breast, The evidence is
trongly in favor of the cause being
hronio irritation, the result of re
peated "nursing" and attacks of chronic
inflammation due to cracked nlDDles
which do not heal.
Prevention 'orsets which Dress the
ipple inward should be avoided.
cracked nipples completely cured, and
aoctor consulted early about any
ump in the breast, whether this be
painful or not.
Second Lip. Its victims are nearly
11 smokers, its position on the lower
lip and practically never on the upper
Prevention It is a simple matter to
ee that little cracks about the lip.
nose and ears are healed up.
Third Tongue and mouth, warty and
papillary growths and simple ulcers
about the mouth are frequently due to
hronlc irritation from smoking, bad
Prevention When these are present
sources of irritation viz. hot liquids.
lcohol, smoking should be avoided.
All broken or jagged teeth should be
extracted and any troublesome sore in-
Fourth Larynx. The decrease in
cancer of the voice box Is due to the
fact that those conditions which con
tribute to their development axe now
recognized early and relieved by treat
ment. Prevention The conditions here men
tioned are the improper use of the
voice, the abuse of alcohol and tobacco
and the presence of "innocent" warts.
jfc irth Chimney sweep s cancer. This,
which may occur in various parts of
the body, is due to chronic irritation of
oot and dust. Employes who work at
gas and tar works and who get their
clothes saturated with irritating sub
stances are also liable to this disease.
Prevention This form of cancer is
not nearly so common now that sweeps
are cleaner in their habits and work,
t is wise to have removed warts, moles
and papillary growths occurring on any
part of the body.
Sixth Stomach. About half the cases
of cancer of the stomach develop at the
seat of a neglected, unhealed ulcer,
Prevention Very persistent, chronic
ndlgestion should not be neglected too
ong. Chronic irritation anywhere is un
desirable and should be avoided. Ulcers
of the stomach which are often due to
bad teeth and cnaemia must be per
manently cured and not neglected, as is
often the case for years.
Seventh Uterus. Cancer of this or
gan is almost exclusively confined to
mothers and due to injuries at child
birth, which simple remedies would
Prevention Irregular hemorrhage at
the change of life, and especially though
silent and unassociated with pain, oc
curring: after the change, renders it
wise to consult a doctor. Such symp
toms by no means necessarily imply
cancer, but this disease can often be
prevented if a medical man be consult
ed early under these circumstances.
Klehth Intestines. Most of these
cancers are of the lower bowel and no
doubt due to the chronic Irritation of
Prevention It Is wise to consult.
doctor as to any bleeding from the
bowel occurring in persons over 45
years of age. Of course this may De
due to hemorrhoids piles). Chronic
constipation as well as chronic dlar
rhoea should be cured.
Crinoline Mosquito Bar,
M. H. F. writes: "From my own ex
perience I find crinoline greatly prefer
able to mosquito netting as a oea can
opy, the mesh being considerably finer.
It costs but a trifle more,
The best way I have found of fas
teninir it. both from the standpoint o
efficiency and economy, is to wind
strips of soft, worn muslin around the
bedDosts in case of & metal bed. ana
also around the center rod. about
foot and a half or two feet above the
mattress, according to the thickness of
Dillows. Sew these firmly, r old ena o
crinoline to a depth of about a foot
more than distance . between mattress
and strips so as to tuck under head or
mattress. Face short ena of fold to
ward wall, inside head of bed. and pin
with safety Dins through both thick
nesses to muslin strips, arranging with
center of crinoline between selvedge
at center of bed so as to hang even on
both sides. Then stretch over foot of
hod. ninninz- to corners and in center,
On srettinsr Into bed. draw siaes oi
canopy in and tuck under mattress.
These detailed instructions may
snund foolish, as the plan is so simp!
when known, but I have myself, and
hive known many others, who have
tried and been disappointed in the can
opy, as they have hung it over the head
r,r ihA hed. The crinoline (which, by
the way. is generally a little wider than
th no-called mosquito bar) is not wia
enoughlo hang over head of bed, leav
Inir oDenings at tne corners near m
face. A few imprisoned mosquitoes are
as bad as a horde which have the free
dnm of the room, as tney can Keep up
continual buzzing, which is as bad as
their stings to many persons, x uvo
where there are many mosquitoes, and
the merchants have not been educated
,,r. tn a- wire netting that Is finer than
the standard mesh to keep out flies. The
result is we have minions oi mosqui
toes every year inside our house, but
sleep as well as if there were none, un
der our canopies arranged as de
A crinoline canopy has the advantage of
having a fine mesh, fine enough to keep
mosquitoes out. It would not tear as readily
as mosquito netting. I am afraid that
most people would object to It as too hot
R. H. writes: "I am subject to fre
quent bilious attacks. (1) Will diet
correct this? (2) Do eggs cause bilious
ness? (3 What besides calomel will
relieve this condition?"
3. A dose of salts la better man calomel.
To prevent biliousness est sparingly of meat
and eggs: eat freely of fruit and vegetables.
Play golf, ride horseback, or exercise other
wise in the open alr.
His Title mm "Doetsr."
PORTLAND. June 6. (To the Edi
tor. Where does Governor Withycombe
obtain the title of "Doctor"? Is he a
graduate of a medical school, and if
so. where? PAUL KAUFFMAN.
Governor Withycombe became known
as "Doctor" when he studied veterinary
surgery, preparatory to entering the
Royal Veterinary College In England
and also when he was state veterina
rian. The degree of doctor was offered
him also by the Oregon Agricultural
College several years ago In recogni
tion ot his work for the college. He
declined the title, however. He did not
enter the Royal College, but his pro
fessional associates bestowed upon him
the title notwithstanding.
Something on Pioneer's Mind
By James Barton Adams.
There's something on my mind, old
wife, that's stickln' pretty tight.
That keeps me thinkin' all the day and
often half the night.
And sometimes in my dreams I see the
faces once again
Of pioneers that crossed with us in
that old wagon train.
The pop pin' of the swingin' whips yet
seems to reach my ears
n Dreamland as an echo through the
And I can see you bending o'er the
chip fire as you'd bake
The old Dutch oven biscuit bread and
broil the buff'lo steak.
bed beneath the wagon top we'd
often lie at night
Ami talk of future life out in this land
of pure delight.
And think up plans of what we'd do
out In the virgin land
That scarcely yet had felt the touch ot
man a lmprovln- hand.
The pictures that we drew were bright;
we let no cloud of doubt
Come overshadowing our minds to blot
their beautv out.
And. although 'twas tryln" at the start.
ana took a lot of grit.
We found at last the pictures weren't
overdrawn a bit.
Beneath the dusty wagon top I yet
can see your face
As on we moved day after day at far
from lively pace.
And on that face I never saw a frown
Or heard from you a word that would
You were as bravo as I was, wife, and
mebbe braver, too.
For sometimes on the stormy day
when I was feelin' blue
You'd wear a smile upon your face and
sing a hopeful song
That gave me courage as beside the
steers I trudged along.
We ve prospered here. Our hopes have
all been realized, mv wife.
And now as we are passln down the
western slope of life
Our hearts are filled with gratitude to
that great unseen hand
That seemed to lead us on the trail
toward this promised land.
wove got What you might call our
share, and mebbe more, of wealth.
And. more than all. we're blest full
well with happiness and health
And when our mortal sun has set in
life s gold-tinted west
We'll leave a brace of manly sons to
lay us down to rest.
But what I started out to say, the day
is close at hand
When all the brave old pioneers who
sought this peerless land
When It was 'most a wilderness, will
noid their annual spree.
And none'll be more lively on their
pins than you and me.
My old heart gets to dancin' when
think about the Joys
Of meeting with the pioneers, the good
old girls and boys
Who shared with us the hardships of
the trip across the plains
When oxen wasthe motive power of
xnem old schooner trains.
So make your preparations, wife, and
on that glorious day
I'll crank the car and off we'll spin In
quite a different way
From that we used in traveling in the
canvas top machine.
Twas run by raw-boned oxen power
instead of gasoline.
Well decorate the tourln car witn
flags an' ribbons, too
A bit of gay artistic work I guess Dl
leave to you
And, slngln' pioneer day songs.
Portland we will run
With gay reunion bells on. and t
Jingle 'em like fun!
IX VITATIOX TO THE ROSE FESTIVAL
Say, can't you feel It in your blood that
June is in the breeze.
With every sort of Summer scent and
birdsong in the trees?
Oh, what's the use of living if you can'
be young and gay.
And chat a while and laugh a bit with
friends along the way?
Leave all your cares and worries in
the Winter's rain and snow
And come with me to Portland, where
all the roses grow.
The folks you know will all be there
with plenty more besides.
The fathers with their families, th
bridegrooms with their brides.
The brides are not the only ones to
carry roses there;
You'll see them strewn upon your path
and wear them in your hair.
We're young again and gay again like
all the rest that go
To Portland, bonny Portland, where
all the roses blow.
They're like the clouds upon Moun
Hood shot through with sunset
They're whiter than a baby's palms,
more golden than your dreams.
The pink ones are the clinging kiss of
sweetheart or of wife.
The red ones are the crimson flame
within the heart of life;
Oh. we'll see them and be happy. Ilk
all the rest that go
To Portland, oh, to Portland, where all
the roses grow.
ANNA EMILIA BOOSTAP.
QUERY OF THE ROSE.
Oh, bonnie sweet rose, wilt thou not
The secrets that In your rosy heart
Of beauty and color and fragrance so
That beguile and enchant one every
where In the fair city of Portland?
TJId'st thou rifle the dawn
Of some exquisite morn
And imprison its glow In thy breast.
Its fragrance emitting and constantly
On the breath of the sighs unexpressed:
Tell me. elusive and beautiful rose.
Or was it the clasp neath the stars
Caused your heart to stand still.
And suffused your fair cheek with Its
Or the glance that diffused the ecstatic
Wafting its perfume to and fro.
Tell me. wonderful, marvelous rose.
R. C. T.
'o Music for the Monk.
The Pittsburg Chronicle Telegraph.
Handicapped, but undaunted, the act
ors in the touring "d rammer" were do
ing .their best, but their efforts were
spoiled by the rude comments of a
small boy at the back of the hall.
At last, after some of his best
scenes" had been spoiled, the hero
"Ladies and Gentlemen Five years
ago I lost a monkey. Tonight It has
turned up again at the rear of the
The applause and laughter which
greeted this brilliant sally had hardly
died away when the voice of the in
sulter was heard to ask blandly:
"What did you do with the organ?"
Falls on Snake River.
CANBY. Or, June 6. (To the Edi
tor.) In The Oregonian June 2 "J. D."
asked if there were any falls on the
Snake River as large as Niagara Falls,
and The Oregonian answered, "No."
If the question meant height the ai
swer was misleading, as the Niagara
Falls on the American and highest side
are onlv about 168 feet, while the
height of Shoshone Falls, on Snake
River, is 210 feet. The scenic sur
roundings of Shoshone Falls are vast
ly superior to anything Niagara has.
In Other Days.
Half a Century Ago.
From The Oregonian of June 7. 186.
.They have built a great Ironclad in
England and have had trouble to get
her into the water. A correspondent
says: "We have had a good deal of ex
citement In nautical circles lately by
the failure in launching the North
umberland, a splendid ironclad. This
vessel is the first that has been iron
plated before launching, and the at
tempt to float her the first time waa a
San Francisco. June 6 John Couch.
who was forcibly ejected from one of
the omnibus railroad cars for tendering
greenbacks for his fare, has com
menced suit to recover $25,000 damages
in the lath District Court,
San Francisco. June 6. The new-
Merchants' Exchange at Washington
and Battery streets was thrown open
lor public inspection today and will be
opened regularly for business tomor
Buffalo. June 2. The Fenians, hear
ing of the approach of British troops,
are reported to have broken up their
camps, burned their muskets, de
stroyed their ammunition and left in
squadrons for a raid, but it is gener
ally thought really to get back to the
united btates in the shortest space ot
In Portland the rise of the water in
the river tor 24 hours ending at noon
yesterday was three inches. Twenty
Inches will be necessary to bring the
water up to Front street in this city.
Tireatr-lve Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of June 7. J SSI.
The consolidation ticket was ratified
by an enthusiastic mass meeting at the
tabernacle last night. Every man on
the ticket was voted an upright, con
scientious man. well worthy of the suf
frage of the voters of Portland.
Ottawa.' June 7. Sir John A. Mac-
donald is no more. The distinguished
statesman who has guided the political
destinies of Canada for nearly half a
century passed peacefully away at
10:la tonight, surrounded by his entire
London. June 6. The German Em
peror is coming over to England to
pose for history. He will not be ac
companied by a grand retinue, perhaps
because he desires 'William the Second
to be the only figure in the picture.
By special request Mr. Lew Dock-
stader will give his excruciatingly
humorous impersonation) of President
Harrison's visit to the Coast with
Thatcher's minstrels at the Marquam
As W. S. Mason, the citizens' candi
date for Mayor, was returning from
lunch about 3 o'clock yesterday he
sprained his ankle. His foot slipped in
some way as he was entering his store
and the sprain was so painful he had
to be taken home in a carriage.
RellRloua Liberty Desired In Mexico.
PORTLAND, June fi. (To the Editor.)
Mr. Loveland in his sermon Sunday
night, as reported in The Oregonian.
declared for interference in Mexico by
our Government in order to "free
Mexico from the papal yoke," and t
give the peons "religious liberty."
It may surprise some of those whl
look to the Rev. Doctor for accurate
Information to learn that for practi
cally the last 70 years the Catholie
Church has been oppressed, her prop
erty confiscated, her schools and charl-'
table institutions closed, her religious
associations prohibited and free exer
cise of public worship denied to her
by the laws of Mexico. The present
bandits and brigands who are infesting
the unhappy country and who are de
manding the withdrawal of American
troop? represent the anti-religious and
anti-Catholic forces in Mexico.
Carranza has plundered every vestige
of Catholic Church property that was
overlooked by the anti-Catholic robbers
who preceded him: he has exiled the
Catholic clergy and brutally forbidden
the practice of public religious worship
so sacredly safeguarded by our Ameri
can Constitution. There is nothing
that would please the Catholic Church
more than the establishment in Mexico
ot a constitution proclaiming religious
liberty and of a stable government
capable of upholding such a constitu
tion. FATHER O'HARA.
Who Will Write to m Prisoner
PORTLAND. June 6. (To the Ed
tor.) Ours Is a generous-hearted
country and the sympathy of our peo
ple is easily aroused when causes of
distress are made known to them, giv
ing abundantly of their dollars. There
is. however, a form of distress to which
few give a thought and for which I
am asking something far more subtle
than money. I am appealing in the
cause of friendless prisoners to whom
a word of sympathy and hope is more
than all the dollars in the world.
Everyone knows how the so-called
friends depart at the first sound of
reverses and how quickly the world
turns up its nose. Friends are good in
prosperity, but who has not known the
far g-eater value of a friend in ad
versity? Who will be that agent of
mercy and correspond with some of
these friendless ones? Many today are
earnestly asking for correspondents.
Their names may be obtained from Dr.
H. N. Stokes, the O. E. Library League.
1207 Q Street. N. W.. Washington. U. C.
J. H. P.
One's Ioks Another's Gain.
PORTLAND. June 6. (To the Editor.)
The truth of an old adage has again
been demonstrated by the recent nomi
nation of candidates for the office of
County School Superintendent.
We of Ockley Green school district
can but consider the loss to Multno
mah County by not securing a man o
eminently fitted for" the post as is
Professor Edgar H. Whitney, is our
Professor Whitney has during his
term as principal of our school en
deared himself to the community by
proving his sterling worth and while
we were loyal enough to wish him
success In attaining the goal he sought,
we deem it no disloyalty to rejoice that
his nonsuccess made it possible for him
to continue as principal of Ockley
MRS. JAMES K. OSBOR.
E2 West Jarrett street.
Born to the Purple.
Queen Muriel! . twice with scepter.
We hail thee, our obeisance offer;
With bonds of roses bound.
Our homage proffer.
Fairest lady of the realm.
Thy subjects all acclaim thee:
May "dissension ne'er quell.
A Joyous reign, care free.
Born to the purple, fit
To rule midst roses rare;
Thy queenly grace has lit
But none as thou so fair.
Our loyalty we freely give,
Wtiich by your grace is laid;
Your reign will live.
Through davs whence roses fade.
For Old Coin Information.
PORTLAND, June 6. (To the Edi
Itor.) Kindly tell me If there is a spe
cialist in the city where I can find out
th" value of an old coin of the Roman
empire. CONSTANT READER.
Write to New York Coin & Stamp
Company. 11 West Thirtieth street.
New York City.