Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (March 28, 1916)
.- yW-y-. - jt7kl
VOL,. LV1.-XO. 1 7,269.
PORTLAND, OREGON, TUESDAY, 3IARCJI 28, 191G.
PRICE 'FIVE CENTS.
PRESIDENT MAY ASK
FOR OPEN RUPTURE
RAID TEXAS RANCH
FAIR EDITOR TRIES
TO WHIP MAN RIVAL
IS NEAR RECORD
BATTLE 1'OVGIIT 32 MILES
east or Eii r.vso.
KLAMATH FALLS Ml'RUKK CASE
CAUSE OF PISPLTE.
FIGURE IS 10.91 "INCHES, ONLY
1.85 LESS THAN IX 1873.
VILLA IS !H FLIGHT;
Carranza Force Lets
Sinking of Sussex Is
to Be Probed.
CONGRESS MAY BE, ADVISED
German Offer of Disavowal
Fails to Satisfy.
EVIDENCE BEING GATHERED
Mr. Wilson Confers With Senator
Stone as to Advisability, i
Blame Is Fixed, of Breafc
of Diplomatic Relations.
BY JOHN CALUAX O'LAUGHLIX.
WASHINGTON. March 27. (Special.)
President Wilson's patience . has
reached the point of exhaustion in con
nection with the destruction of passenger-carrying:
vessels in the Euro
pean war zone. He is gathering all the
facts in relation to the sinking of the
Sussex. When these are in his pos
session he will decide whether to advise
Congress that a situation has arisen
which necessitates a rupture ot diplo
matice negotiations with Germany.
So far as the State Department has
been advised the circumstances thus far
First That the quartermaster of the
Sussex saw the torpedo coming and
sheered away in the hope of escaping.
Second That the three American
passengers swear they distinctly saw
the wake of the torpedo.
Bronze FraRment Found.
Third That a bronze fragment was
found on board the Sussex which a
French officer says was a part of a
Lieutenant Smith. the American
naval attache in Paris, has been direct
ed to examine the fragment. If his
opinion should coincide with that of
the French officer President Wilson
wlil conclude that the circumstantial
evidence is sufficient for action.
The German Embassy does not be
lieve that a German submarine was re
sponsible for this catastrophe. It is
pointed out that there was no military
advantage to be gained by the sinking
of the Sussex. In case of the improb
able, however, it' is declared positively
that the German government will dis
avow the act of the submarine com
mander, punish him, offer reparation
and satisfy the American Government
that the outrage was in direct violation
of the instructions issued by the Ger
Denial of Uttle Moment.
But the President is at the point
where such steps are of no consequence.
The fact is that Germany gave ex
plicit assurances that passenger ships
would not be torpedoed-without warn
inj.nor sunk until passenger and crew
had had an opportunity to escape. If
Germany should deny that any of her
submarines committed the outrage,
which is regarded as extremely prob
able, the Administration will have to
rely upon circumstantial evidence. Such
evidence, it is pointed out, is stronger
than a denial.
The Administration knows further
that no English submarines were op
perating in the' channel and it scouts
as impossible the suggestion that one
of these vessels fired the fatal tor
pedo. In the first place the British
government would hardly jeopardize
the lives of its own subjects as well
as those of its ally. Again the British
government does not use the bronze
torpedoes employed by the Germans.
X"r could Germany shift the blame to
of her allies Austro-Hungary or
Bulgaria. Neither of these powers has
submarines in the Atlantic
Persia Case Unsatisfactory.
From Turkey today came assurance
that a Turkish submarine was not re
sponsble for the destruction of the
liner Fersia. which carried an Ameri
can Consular officer to the bottom.
This means that nothing will be done
to secure redress for the life of the
The Administration does not propose
to permit a similar termination of the
sinking of the Sussex and Englishman.
The fact that no Americans appear
to have been lost does not alter the
gravity of the outrage. Americans
were injured and American life was
put in jeopardy. Therefore, it Is de
clared, something must be done to
compel respect for unarmed vessels
carrying innocent neutral life.
The President had a conference to
day with Senator Stone, chairman of
the Senate foreign relations commit
tee. After the conference it was an
nounced that should it be established
that the Sussex was sunk by a German
submarine and the President reached
the determination to take action, he
would consult Congress.
Mr. Stone Withholds Comment.
Mr. Stone said that all the facts must
be awaited before action can be taken,
and in their absence he declined to ex-,
press an opinion as to the course the
Government should adopt.
As a. matter or fact, there are two
things which deter the President from
adopting extreme measures without de
lay. The first is the lack of troops in
the United States to preserve order:
the second is the attitude of the Sen
ate and House. Mr. Wilson realizes
that practically the entire American
Army is engaged In the chase of the
bandit "Villa and Is protectlns the
American Cavalry Starts ia Pursuit
T Invaders, After Warn
ing by Woman.
EL PASO, Texas, March 27. The
ranch of C. E. Kelley, ex-Mayor of El
Paso, 32 miles east of here, was raided
tonight by Mexican bandits, who drove
off a number of cattle and badly beat
the caretaker. Mr. Kelley was notified
by long-distance telephone message
from his foreman.
The foreman said the raiders were
supposed to have come from Guade
loupe, across the river from Fabens.
The Mexican employes on the ranch
held them off in a battle in which more
than 100 shots were exchanged.
Two detachments of the Eighth
Cavalry are in pursuit of the bandits
One troop started at full gallop from
Fabens. south of the ranch. The second
left Ysleta, some miles on the other
side, at the same time, in an effort to
cut them off from the river.
An alarm was given by an unknown
woman who got a telephone call to
Captain Moses, in command of
troops at Fabens.
VETERANS GET EXEMPTION
Civil War Soldiers Need Xot Take
Out Second Papers.
HOOD RIVER. Or.. March 27. (Spe
cial.) According to a letter received
from Representative N. J. Sinnott by
S.' F. Blythe. adjutant of Canby Post.
Grand Army of the Republic, it is not
necessary for veterans of the Civil War,
who have papers of honorable dis
charge, to obtain final papers of
naturalization to enjoy the privileges
of full citizenship.
Mr. Blythe wrote to Mr. Sinnott rela
tive to the status of citizenship of
Thomas Goss and Joseph Frazier,
foreign-born men. who served during
the Civil War and who are now mem
bers of Canby Post.
SUFFRAGE FACES DEFEAT
Only 9 of 2 1 Committeemen Favor
Susan B. Anthony Amendment.
WASHINGTON, March 27. Suffrage
leaders conceded tonight that their ef
fort to bring the Susan B. Anthony
amendment before the House probably
will be defeated again when the judi
ciary committee votes tomorrow on
the proposal. Of the 21 committeemen
they were assured of the support of
A possibility that the prohibition
amendment might be maneuvered into
such a position that the committee
would be requested to vote on It and
the suffrage proposal jointly, also dis
mayed the suffrage advocates.
MEXICANS SEE AIR SCOUT
American Hovers Over El Tlgre,
DOUGLAS, Ariz.. March 27. A United
States Army aeroplane was sighted
Saturday afternoon at El Tigre, hover
ing over the camp for several minutes
at a height of approximately 4000 feet,
according to Americans arriving here
today. The flyer aroused much interest
among the Mexican troops. The biplane
was well handled and was at least
12,000 feet above sea level, the Tigre
Mountains having an altitude of 8000
feet. The machine flew due east toward
Casas Grandes, completing what ap
peared to be observations for several
miles in all directions from the mine.
DR. ANGELL GRAVELY ILL
President Emeritus, of Michigan
University, Suffers Kelansc.
ANN ARBOR. Mich.. March 27. Dr.
James B. Angell, president emeritus of
the University of Michigan, is critically
ill again. His condition tonight was
so alarming that members of his fam
ily were summoned to his bedside.
Dr. Angell, who Is 87 years old. has
been failing since January. Early in
March he was thought to be dying, but
he rallied temporarily.- Last week he
became worse again and since then
has been sinking gradually.
WILHELM HONORS SULTAN
Von Maekenscn Bestows Field Mar
shal's Baton on Turk.
BERLIN. March 27. (By wireless to
Sayville. N. Y.) The semi-official Over
seas News Agency has received advices
from Constantinople confirming reports
that Field Marshal von Mackensen had
reached that city on a mission, given
him by Emperor William, to present
to the Sultan the Field Marshal's baton
which the Emperor had bestowed upon
the Turkish ruler.
The dispatch describes the Field Mar
shal's reception as most enthusiastic.
TEXAN'S WORDS EXPUNGED
"Amen," Choruses House, When Mr.
Davis' Language Is Modified.
WASHINGTON, March 27. The House
expunged from the Congressional
Record today the "vituperative and
denunciatory" language inserted under
the leave to print privilege by Repre
sentative Davis, of Texas, in a. speech
on Texas politics.
"Amen," chorused the House as the
vote was taken.
Representative Davis sprinkled all
the debates with "Amens."
DELIBERATE HELP SUSPECTED
Pershing's Hope Is to Corner
Foe and Force Fight.
OUTLAW BANDS MAY UNITE
United States Army Might Have to
Meet Considerable Column Na
. lives Bobbed by Chieftains
Aid United States Troops.
CASAS. GRANDES, Chihuahua. Mex.,
March 27. (By wireless to Columbus,
N. M.) Villa is flying southwest to
ward the foothills of the Sierras. Ac
cording to Army reports received here
today the rapidity of his flight is pre
cipitating the American pursuit. All
arms of the service are being used in
an attempt to force the bandit into a
The Mexican residents of this section,
which has been ravaged time and -time
again by Villistas. are freely giving in
formation concerning his flight, sup
plies, armament and strength to the
American military authorities.
Americans in Pursuit.
While much of this information has
been too indefinite to be of value, it is
presumed that the knowledge that the
Americans are kept Informed as to his
movements has influenced the bandit
chieftain to the greatest haste in his
Although the United States troops are
following closely in his wake, so far, it
is said, no fighting has taken place.
SAN ANTONIO, Tex.. March 27.
Francisco "Villa's escape from the re
gion about Namiquipa followed his vic
tory over part of the Mexican govern
ment troops and was unopposed by
other detachments of the de facto gov
ernment forces, according: to unofficial
but credible reports reaching here to
day. Carranza Troops Give Way.
The cordon of troops that the Mex
ican authorities announced should have
been drawn across his gath, 'gave way,
according to these reports, with a wil
lingness that indicated their co-operation
with him rather than with the
Army men here were inclined to be
lieve reports of inefficient and half
hearted co-operation, and today con
templated the probable future of the
second phase of operations just begun
by the commander of the punitive ex
pedition. Reports from General Pershing to
General Funston dealt only with
routine subjects, principally those hav
ing to do with the transportation of
supplies. The positions of troops were
not revealed, but it was known that
the cavalrymen were still riding hard
along the trail left by "Villa.
Army 30O Miles In Mexico.
Officers of the Quartermaster's De
partment studied the best methods of
(Concluded on Pace 4, Column 3.)
vrrTt SSt,i jJthe subs" ri .
KM ' U)fx
Morrill Times Contradicts State
ments in Hecord Woman Ar
rested in Street Encounter.
KLAMATH FALLS. Or., March 27.
(Special.) Miss Catherine Prehm, edi
tor and publisher ot the Merrill Rec
ord, was arrested here today on a,
charge of disturbing the peace by at
tempting to horsewhip George Brad
nack, editor and publisher of the Mer
Patrolman McCarter r-.ade the arrest
while Miss Prehm was trying to get at
Bradnack, who had entered a cafe and
was holding the door shut, according to
the current version. The officer pre
ferred the charge. Miss Prehm fur
nished bail and will be given a hearing
The trouble is reported to have
arisen over an article by Bradnack in
the Times, contradicting statements in
an extra Sunday edition of Miss
Prehm's paper to the effect that an
armed guard had to be placed about
the county jail to protect A. Ernest
Lawrence, following his acquittal on
a charge of murdering Mrs. Alma
Kuehne at Dood Hollow.
When Bradnack's paper asserted
that Miss Prehm's paper had misstated
the facts, the ire of the Merrillites
seems to have been considerably
aroused. Yesterday Miss Prehm's
motorcycle carrier was met in Merrill
by a crowd of citizens and told to
"move on." It is reported, however,
that he managed to leave a number of
copies, and that 4 of these were bun
dled up and returned to Miss Prehm.
This is said to be the cause of her
wrath against Bradnack.
STATE DRY; PRISONERS FEW
Spokane Closes Honor Farm lor
Lack of Inmates.
SPOKANE. Wash., March 27. (Spe
cial.) The Board of County Commis
sioners today closed the county honor
farm for the Summer and possibly
permanently. Four prisoners only were
returned to the County Jail, and these
were given their release on parole.
Superintendent J. Verbeck, who has
had charge of the farm, was dropped
from the payroll of the county. The
number of prisoners at the farm has
been decreasing steadily since the ad
vent of prohibition.
RAIDER SINKERS GET PRIZE
Britain Gives 1115 Pounds Sterling
lor Destruction of German Ship.
LONDON, March 27. Samuel Evans,
president of the prize court, today
awarded the officers and crew of the
British auxiliary cruiser Carmania,
L1115 as prize bounty for the sinking
of the German auxiliary cruiser Cap
Trafalgar in South American waters
in September, 1914.
This is the first application heard In
the prize court for prize bounty.
POWDER PLANT DAMAGED
Unit of Works Xear Salt Lake City
Destroyed by Explosion.
SALT LAKE CITY. March 27.
Eighteen kegs of black powder were
ignited by a foreign substance in the
powder at the Hercules Powder Com
pany's plant at Bacchus, near here,
this morning. The wheel mill, a small
unit of the plant, was destroyed.
No one was injured.
FACE WITH THAT MARS PERSON
Army Officers Speak;
Gag Order Comes.
Northwest Conference Hears
Defense Needs Outlined.
JAPANESE DANGER CITED
Colouel Baker Says Attitude of Coast
People Makes Trouble Possible.
W. II. Struble Demands
SPOKANE. March 27. (Special.)
Shortly after the Northwest prepared
ness conference began here today a
telegram was received from the War
Department at Washington instructing
Army officers not to take part in the
conference. The telegram was received
too late to affect the appearance of
Lieutenant-Colonel David J. Baker, Jr.,
of Vancouver Barracks, who spoke on
the necessity of adequate protection for
the Northern Pacific states.
Preparedness questions affecting the
Pacific Northwest from the viewpoint
of military and naval officers featured
the addresses despite the telegram from
the War Department. Under the cir
cumstances pains were taken by the
officers to say nothing that could be
construed as having a political effect,
or bearing on the measures now before
Five States Represented.
Delegates were present from Wash
ington, Oregon, Montana, Idaho and
Wyoming. The conference, which will
continue through tomorrow, elected N.
W. Durham, of Spokane, chairman:
Frank W. Hammond, of Seattle, secre
tary, and P. N. Bernard, of Kalispell,
Mont., assistant secretary.
Colonel Baker was not in uniform,
and in the preamble of his address re
ferred to the fact that he spoke only
as a private citizen. In speaking of
the Japanese question. Colonel Baker
JPeopIe'a Attitude Ia TJancrer.
"I think there i3 danger of trouble
with Japan through the ignorance, ar
rogance and narrowness of our own
people on this Coast who lack knowl
edge of the Japanese and therefore mis
understand and misjudge them."
"We have had 'pork' without pre
paredness; we want preparedness with
out 'pork.' This is our motto." So
stated Wallace R. Struble, of Astoria,
at the preparedness convention. Mr.
Struble is the booster of Columbia
River navigation and of the Port of
Officially he is secretary-treasurer of
the Columbia and Snake River Water
ways Association. He has traversed
every foot of the river from Astoria
to Lewiston and knows everything
about that greatest of navigable water
ways on the Pacific Coast of the United
"What is wanted is an arm of the
Navy at the mouth of the Columbia
(Concluded on Fa; Column 1.)
Excess for Season Since September
1 Is 10.55 Inches, but Fair
. Weather Is Indicated.
March has come within two Inches
of breaking the record for precipitation
and may establish a new high mark,
although. Forecaster Beals said yester
day the indications were not especially
favorable for such an achievement.
The heaviest rainfalls recorded in
March are those of 1873. when 12.76
inches fell; 1877, with. 11.70 inches, and
1879, with 11.31 inches.
The record of March, 1916, last night
was 10.91 inches, with four days to go.
Since early in the Winter there has
been an excess of precipitation, but this
has been increased materially in March
until now it stands at 10.55 inches.
The average contribution of March to
the rainfall is 5.18 inches. This year
the fall has been twice as great as
The lowest rainfall for March was
in 1911 and in 1885, in both of which
years only .63 inch was recorded.
Indications yesterday were that fair
weather might be expected for the re
mainder of the week.
CHURCH FACING SEIZURE
Mexican Government Proposes tcv
Take Over Clergy Property.
MEXICO CITY, March 27. The pub
lished announcement that the Mexican
government is considering the advisa
bility of taking over all the personal
and realty holdings of the Catholic
clergy throughout the republic created
somewhat of a sensation here tonight.
In a special dispatch from Queretaro,
El Democrata, the official government
organ, quotes both Secretary of the
Treasury Cabrera and Dr. Slurob, Gov
ernor of the state of Guanajuata, as
saying that the measure would be made
effective under the old law dating back
more than a half century, when church
edifices were seized during the admin
istration of Benito Juarez.
Tlve clergy in the states of Michoa
can, Puebla, Queretaro and Jalisco are
reputed to be immensely wealthy in
jewels, lands and works of art.
JOY RIDING NOW COSTLY
Vancouver Judge Puts Portland .Miss
in Jail for 7 7 Long Days.
VANCOUVER, Wash., March 27.
(Special.) Joyriding in Clarke County
when the Joyriders are under the in
fluence of stimulants, is a serious
business, as Miss Helen Sullivan, 21
years old, of Portland, today learned
to her sorrow when she was sentenced
to pass 77 more days in jail. She al
ready had been in confinement for two
She was charged with being in a
drunken and maudlin condition and the
charge was sustained. A. McCloud,
who -was driving the machine when it
collided with a passing automobile,
paid a fine of $101. Anna La. Fene,
one of the party, was released, after a
fatherly lecture by Judge Back.
INDEX OF TODAY'S NEWS
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature, 55
degrees; minimum, 43 degrees,
TODAY'S Fair; westerly winds.
Kail road sorely needed for Villa chase.
Republicans Rive Wilson free hand in bor
der situation. Page - 4.
Villa f leelnir with Americans in close pur
suit. Pape 1.
Mexicans raid ranch near El Paso. Page 1.
American aero-squadron in Mexico sur
mounts great difficulties. Page 4.
Secrecy surrounds conference of representa
tives of allies at Paris. Page 2.
Resignation and exile of Chinese president
is demanded. Page 9.
House to pass Immigration bill including
literacy test. Page 3.
Renr-Admiral Flak says German Navy is
twice as powerful as American, Page 6.
Germany ready to disown Sussex sinking
but President is disturbed. Page 2.
Dr. Waite said to have bought virulent
disease gfrms. Page 2.
Thomas J. Pene, secretary of Democratic
National Committee, dead. Page 3.
Columbus, O., endangered by approaching
flood. Page 1. .
California Democrats oppose Mr. Wilson's
ro nomination. Page 1.
McCredie puts Beavers on own resources.
Rose City club smoker is tonight. Page 14.
Annual Far Western track, meet advocated.
Montreal Wanderers file action against
Johnson, who jumped to Uncle Sams.
FIood danger over in Tillamook, page 7.
Northwest preparedness conference opens
at Spokane. Page 1.
Woman editor tries to horsewhip man rival
at Klamath Falls. Page 1.
Med ford may vote $250,000 for railway to
coast. Page 5.
Commercial and Marine.
Northwestern bag market complicated by
accumulation of seconds. Page 19.
Cattle prices advance at North Portland
stockyards. Page 19.
Chicago wheat higher on more reassuring
view of International situation. Page Id.
Late rallv in stocks after early declines.
War supplies for RuFila here awaiting re
loading, probably direct to ship. Page IS.
Damage by flood held to minimum. Pago 18.
Portland and Vicinity.
Rainfall for March close to record. Page 1.
Siletx homeseckers are' told to remain In
line. Page 18.
Nineteen additional registration plages to be
opened in city. Page 8.
Chamber of Commerce members' council
elects. Page 20.
City woodpile short lOOO cords. Page 20.
North Portland fights Myers' protege. Page 8.
B. A. King, on stand, tells of loss of $50,000.
Weather report, data and forecast. Page 10.
Oregon political gossip. Page i.
Kelly Butte guards disregard warning while
1 2 prisoners escape. Page .
Seattle T. M. C. A. outdoes Portland in
openiug Uy campaign,, rac 6.
vScioto River Lapping
at Top of Levees.
RESIDENTS FLEE TO HEIGHTS
Rain Stops and Crest May Not
MILITIA IS HELD READY
Steady Caravan Moves Across
Jiridjres With Household Goods
to Toints of Safety Repetition
of 1013 Disaster Feared.
COLUMBUS. O.. March 27. Lews
than two feet of reinforced levees to
night were holding- the rising water
of the Scioto River, preventing a flood
which earlier in the day had threat
ened to equal that of 1913. Thousands
of persons moved from their homes to
high ground today.
Chances tonight favored a passing
of the flood's crest without a breaking
in the levees. Cessation of today's
downpour in the Upper Scioto Valley
and the coming of slightly colder
weather quieted the anxiety of the
30,000 residents of lowlands in this
Many I" 1 e- Aptoh Itjver.
Normal business and school sessions
were, suspended in the district threat
ened while residents carried their
house furnishings to second stories,
moved them hastily in vans to places
of safety or fled across the river with
only personal belongings.
Ambulances sped through the streets
all day carrying invalids and prospec
tive mothers from the west side to hos
pitals or homes of friends in higher
The Fourth Regiment. Ohio National
Guard, tonight was held ready for
mobilization if the water breaks the
levees, and cots and blankets were
provided in the City Kail. Statehouse
and school buildings, where refugees
could spend the night. City officials
formed a citizens' committee to assist
in the emergency.
Levee, Are Strengthened.
Scores of families in the west side
of the city, where the 1913 flood took
more than 90 lives, moved out of their
homes for higher ground today because
of a continued rise in the Scioto liiver.
The Weather Bureau issued a warning
that the rii'er would go to HO feet,
but declared there was no danger of
a serious flood. The levees were raised
to 21 feet after the 1913 flood.
All day long a steady caravan of
people carrying household goods, pro
visions and clothing streamed eastward
over the bridges. Refugees this aft
ernoon invaded the- State Capitol and
prepared to spend the night. More rain
is forecast for Columbus tonight.
Flood conditions are reported Iron
other points in Ohio.
Michigan Cities flood Centers.
DETROIT. Mich.. March 27. Sagi
naw, Genesee and Bay counties, pelted,
by rain for nearly 48 hours, are floor!
centers to stormswept Michigan to
night. Much suffering was reported
The loss may be mole than $1,000,000.
GIRL, WED AT 15, FILES SUIT
Mrs. J. XV. Itakcr Charges Cruelty
Opponents of "early marriages" will
find campaign material in the divorce
suit filed with County Clerk Coffey by
Beryl G. Baker against John W. Baker,
yesterday. The girl-wife was 15 yeara
old when she married Baker October
24. 1909. He was 25.
Kidnaping of their two children.
Thelma, aged 6, and Richard, aged 4.
cruelty and parsimony ate allegations
in the complaint made by Mrs. Baker.
Since marriage, sets forth the com
plaint, Mrs. Baker has been forced to
depend upon her parents for necessi
ties. She also charges he ruined her
ECHO WATER FLOW STRONG
Theory of Artesian Supply Partly
Sustained by Deep Well.
ECHO, Or.. March 27 (Special.)
Water at a depth of 225 feet has been
struck two miles south of Echo, which
rose 136 feet after the vein was
tapped. Pumping 1000 gallons an hour,
the water level was lowered only 10
feet. This well was drilled for the
shearing plant at this point and re
quired 11 days. Hard rock was struck
at a. depth, of 70 feet, which continued
all the way down.
It has long been thought that arte
sion water underlies the Echo country,
and this helps to support that theory.
BRITISH TAKE GERMAN LINE
Infantry Storms WAy Into First and
. Second Trenches of 60O Yards.
LONDON; March 27. The British in
fantry today stormed and took first
and second-line German trenches along
a front of 00 yards at St. Eloi.
The British official communication
Save tbia information tonight.