Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 24, 1916)
ifAtiwn nT?T7nnVTllT T'TTTTT? 2Tl V VTTVRTT A T? Y 24. 1916.
. . T. r- f
Entered at Portland (Oregon) Postoffice as
second-claaa matter. , ...
Subscription Rates Invariably In advance.
Dally. Fanday Included, one year
Dally, Su.iiluy Included, six months.... .-
Dally. Sunday Included, three months... ---
Dally. Sunday Included, one month '
Dally, without Sunday, one year
Dally, wltnout Sunday, six months
Dally, without Sunday, three months... 1-'
Dally, without Sunday, one month. -"'
Weekly, one year i
Funday, one year t in
Sunday and Weekly, one year au
Dally. Sun.lay Included, one year..
Dally. Sunday Included, one month
How to Remit Send postoffice money or
Jer. express order or personal check on your
local bank. Siarr.ps. coin or currency are ai
sender's risk. Give postoffice addresses In
full. Including county and state.
Postage Rate 12 to 16 pages. 1
to 52 pages. 2 cents: 34 to 4S pases, i cents.
ISO to (ii) paces. 4 cents; 62 to iS pages, o
cents: 7S to tf. pages, a cents. Foreign post,
age, double rates.
Kastern Bunlnem Office Verree Co nR
lln. Brunswick bulldlnfi. Kew Tork; verree
Conklln. Steger building. Chicago. tan
Francisco representative. R. J. Bidwell. M-
ji iii ntji an rc u.
JPOKTLAXU. THURSDAY. FEB, 84, 1916.
Let us reduce the Astoria rate find
ing of the Interstate Commerce Com
mission to its elements, so that its
meaning may be clear to that rem
nant of Portland's population which
continues to fancy that Portland and
Astoria have Jointly won a great vic
tory over Puget Sound.
The main features of the ruling are:
1) that Seattle, Tacoma, Portland
and Astoria form "more or less of a
natural rate group"; and (2) that the
water-level grade of railroads on the
Columbia is not to be considered in
rate making for the Northwest; and
3) that the rates to and from the
three Northwest cities (Seattle, Ta
coma, Portland) have been made on
the basis of the water-level haul; and
4) that Astoria has been the victim
of unjust discrimination and is en
tltled to the same rates to and from
certain described inland territory as
Seattle and Tacoma, and also Port
land; and (5) that Portland need not
look for a lower proportionate rate
In the event that an expected appli
cation to that end should be made.
The declaration that present rates
have been fixed on the foundation of
the water-level rates to Portland is
an error. Portland rates have been
made to conform to the trans-mountain
rates to Puget Sound cities. The
Commission has therefore, upon a
misunderstanding of the facts, defi
nitely denied to Portland the advan
tages of its location on the Columbia
River. It has wiped out entirely the
100 miles between Astoria and Port
land, and has given Astoria equiva
lent rates with Portland for the en
tire Inland Empire north and east of
Pendleton, including that city.
If the haul to and from Portland
and Astoria by rail is to cost nothing
not a farthing to the shipper (to and
from the territory described), who Is
to pay, for example, for bringing a
ship up the Columbia River from As
toria to load grain and other commo
dities? It Is obvious that the finding of the
Commission Is a heavy handicap
against Portland and for Astoria.
I THE REPUBLICAN SITCATIOV.
Republican leaders in Massachu
setts have taken action which will aid
powerfully in clearing up the party
situation in the whole country. How
this will come about can be seen from
a plain recital of recent events in that
and adjoining states.
Senator Weeks was an avowed and
Governor McCall was a receptive can
didate for the Presidential nomina
tion when Representative Gardner,
Speaker Cushing of the state lower
house, Charles S. Bird, who was Pro
gressive candidate for Governor in
1914, and Robert M. "Washburn an
nounced their candidacy for delegates
at large in, support of Theodore Roose
velt's nomination. Their action was
calculated to bring about precisely
that which not only the old-line lead
ers, but Colonel Roosevelt himself,
wished to avoid namely, a fight for
delegates and for the nomination. The
one object which all have in view is
the defeat of President Wilson, and
a fight preliminary to the nomination
would obstruct attainment of that end
by causing bitterness between the
newly reunited elements. Colonel
Roosevelt, no less than the other
leaders, holds that no personality
should be emphasized in the pre-con-vention
campaign. Each is careful
not to offend or irritate the other.
The Boston Transcript says the Colo
nel "has intimated strongly that a
nomination might be worthless to him
if it came as the result of a fight."
Saying that both the Colonel and the
old guard are convinced that the
President can be defeated "only
through a friendly conference at Chi
cago of leading Republicans and Pro
gressives who in the end would agree
upon a ticket," the Transcript ex
plains: "So old-gnard leader of prominence has
declared that this would not be headed by
Roosevelt; while on the Roosevelt side,
from the Colonel down, all hands have been
careful to say that It was possible for the
Republican convention to name a Repub
lican whom the Colonel and his Progressive
followers would support. This programme
at no point has been Inconsistent with ad
mitted facts first, that the old guard do
not want Roosevelt nominated: second, that
Roosevelt does not want anyone else nom
inated. Both sides have known In their
hearts that one might be compelled to take
the other, and that the losing side would
acquiesce and support the ticket if serious
friction could be avoided during the pre
In conformity with this tacit under
standing, unpledged delegates have
been elected In various districts
throughout the country, though they
favored one candidate or another, and
resolutions Indorsing any candidate
have been defeated. With this idea
New Tork refused to indorse Root and
will elect unpledged delegates. So
have or will the other New England
states. Into this harmonious situa
tion Mr. Gardner and his associates
have plunged the personal Roosevelt
issue which may, to use the Tran
script's words, "split the mass into
throat-cutting factions and allow the
political enemies of all of them to
walk away with the spoils."
To prevent this disaster and to pre
eerve harmony the old-line Republi
cans of Massachusetts have got to
gether. Senator Lodge was pledged
to support his colleague. Senator
Weeks, but has beerf released. The
two Senators have Joined Governor
McCall and ex-Senator Crane in an
nouncing themselves as candidates
for delegates at large with the fol
CThatever committal any one of us may
have been under to any particular candi
date for the Presidency has been wholly re
leased and canceled. If the ' Republicans
of the commonwealth shall see fit to com
mission n to represent them, we shall en
deavor to the best of our ability to secure
such action by the convention as shall seem
at the time most likely to unify the party
and to restore the country to Republican
control. We stand absolutely unpledged
either for or against any candidate.
This announcement ia taken by the
pro-Wilson, Springfield Kepublican .to
indicate an intention to permit "no
favorite-son business to complicate
the struggle in the primaries," and to
make them "a knockdown fight over
Mr. Roosevelt." That journal sees
signs that the conservative leaders
were apprehensive that the Colonel
would "start something" and are
forming a combination against him.
Mr. Root's New York speech is 'in
terpreted by the Springfield paper as
"an effort to. steal T. R.'s thunder."
The Boston Herald, however, con
strues the declaration of the Bay
State's "big four" as evidence of a
desire to join the rest of New England
in sending to Chicago delegations
"free to work for the best obtainable
results on the ground, in the light of
the best interests of party and the
country." By sinking the ambitions of
Mr. McCall and Mr. Weeks- and by
declaring themselves "unpledged
either for or against any candidate,"
tha Yir fnnr avoid the aDDearance of
I opposition to Colonel Roosevelt and
i hope to deprive the Gardner ticket of
any pretext for being in the Ileia, un
less it be personal ambition.
With New York and New England
free from ties to any- candidate, a
nucleus of 190 unpledged delegates
would enter the convention. This
would be about one-fifth of the total
number. With several populous north
ern states-neutralizing each other-by
pledging their delegates to favorite
sons, these 190 delegates and the many
they may be able to draw to them
would be able to dictate the nomina
tion. Should a decided majority 'of
the instructed delegates prove to be for
Hughes or any other strong candidate,
the unpledged may settle the question
on the first ballot by throwing their
votes to that candidate. In any event,
they will be agreed on one thing
to run no risk of defeat at the election
by putting up one man in order to
down another; but to name that man
who can defeat Wilson toy uniting the
DOES HE FORFEIT IDS BIGITTS?
The Oregonian has received from
a correspondent who subscribes him
self John T. Simmons a letter which
voices a somewhat too common opin
ion about our rights and duties under
international law. It is:
It Is with surprise and regret that I read
In The Oregonian the statement that war
was on in Chinatown, coupled with a warn
ing to the citizens of Portland- to stay
away from there. Is this consistent with
your course in international matters? Haven't
we the right to go where pleasure or busi
ness calls us? If we should persist in go
ing and get shot, wouldn't Mayor Albee
marshal Ills Sunday school cohorts and
avenge us? Why not give the same warn
ing to Americans to keep away from the
European tong war? If they must go, why
not advise then to go. on neutral ships?
Undoubtedly a citizen has the right
to invade the precincts of Chinatown,
if business or pleasure should call him
But let us suppose that Mayor Al
bee should warn the public to keep
away, and some bold individual should
nevertheless go and should be in
volved in a mixup and killed. If the
Mayor should then assert that the au
dacious citizen was duly warned and
went at his own risk, and forfeited
all his rights to public protection, and
no effort would be made to appre
hend or punish the murderers, we
should have a parallel somewhat near
the international situation, which the
sarcastic Simmons views so lightly; or,
rather, the international situation as
the timid citizen thinks it should be.
Doubtless it will be wise for an
American citizen to keep off the seas,
if he is to think first of his personal
safety: But if he goes, nevertheless,
in pursuance of his recognized and ac
knowledged rights, as a national of
a neutral power, and is slain by a bel
ligerent, in plain defiance of the pub
lic law, the duty of his government to
act is clear.
WOES OF TIIE TRANSGRESSOR.
An epidemic of broken hearts among
trusting wives bids fair to follow the
expose of a blackmail ring which has
been operating throughout the North
west, with headquarters at Seattle.
While the police are searching for the
principals in the swindle it may be
surmised that the greatest fear is be
ing experienced by the victims, who are
described as men of means and promi
nence. No doubt every effort will be
made by these wealthy roues to evade
the glare of publicity. They are face
to face with broken homes. Such of
them as may chance to be pillars of
society are haunted by visions of dis
grace in addition to divorce decrees
and alimony bills. They face a great
er penalty than those who lured them
into traps for purposes of plunder.
It will be well if all concerned are
dragged into the pitiless glare of public
view. While there may be a legal dis
tinction between the two classes of
offenders, there is no moral difference
between them. The existence of men
of means and distinction, heads of re
spected families, who are so lax mor
ally that they can be lured to seques
tered haunts and posed unwittingly
before the blackmailer's camera In the
act of caressing some brazen hussy,
offers a splendid field for reform. Ex
posure is the one effective agency of
reform. It Is not enough that they
escape by the payment of heavy sums
in blackmail. Such an experience
merely renders them more cautious.
The way of the transgressor is hard.
but so far as this class of transgres
sors is concerned it should be made
CLOSING IN OX TURKEY.
From the date of Turkey's entrance
into the war the allies have been striv
ing, to the best of their limited pow
ers, to isolate and finish off Turkey.
By so doing they hoped to win tne am
of the neutral Balkan states and to
become able to narrow the ring around
their enemies. They would also cut
the lines of communication between
Turkey and their Mohammedan sub
jects, lines over which Turkish and
German agents traveled in order to
start a backfire of rebellion.
The first effort was the first Rus
sian invasion of Armenia, the British
invasion of Mesopotamia, the attack
on the Dardanelles and the attempt to
revive the Balkan League. All of these
failed except the Mesopotamia expedi
tion, which was halted last December
by large Turkish reinforcements. The
effort is now renewed. Russia has
invaded Armenia and captured Erz
erum and is now advancing southward
on Bitlis and Lake Van and north
westward on Trebizond. The Musco
vites may thus acquire a new base on
the Black Sea and effect a Junction
with the British. The expedition to
relieve Kut-el-Amara is being rein
forced and may advance on Bagdad
to meet the Russians. A great army
has been assembled at Salonlki to at
tack Bulgaria and Turkey in Europe
and to reconquer Serbia. The French
have seized Castellonzo Island, off the
south coast of Asia Minor, apparently
as a base for an attack on the part of
Adalia and on the railroad to Bagdad.
The British army jn, Egypt may be
sent by sea to co-operate in this en
terprise or to invade Syria.
Should all these operations succeed,
the allies would close In on Turkey
from the east, south and west, In the
hope that their - widely separated
armies would finally corner the Turks
around their capital. The European
army would be expected to conquer
Bulgaria and to assault the Tchataldja
hines in Thrace, while the converging
Anglo-Russian armies attacked irom
the Asiatic shores of the Bosphorus,
the Sea of Marmora and the Dar
danelles. The Italians now confront
ing the Austrians in Albania would
play a minor part by preventing the
approach of aid to the Turks - from
That these operations might be ob
structed as little as possible by Teuton
reinforcement of the Turks, it would
be necessary to prosecute vigorous
hostilities on the Russian, Franco
Belgian and Italian fronts at the same
time. It is probably with a view to
anticipating and obstructing execution
of this plan as well as to direct gain
of ground that the Germans are mak
ing their present offensive in the west.
Should the allies be able to dispose
of Turkey and Bulgaria, they could
gather their widely dispersed forces
to close in on Germany and Austria.
Greece and Roumanla, assuming that
this was the beginning of the end,
might then join m the general
scramble. The most sanguine friend
of the allies cannot hope that this
final act of the tragedy will begin
within less than a year, and all these
plans may be foiled, as have been those
of the past year. '
JfEW SHIPPING - BILE.
Although it is not apparent that any
Government funds need be invested or
that any Government guaranty need
be given in order to induce ivestment
of capital In the shipping business, the
bill introduced by Senator Lane at the
last session of Congress, reintroduced
by Representative McArthur at the
present session and indorsed by the
Portland Chamber of Commerce is in
finiteli' preferable to the McAdoo
scheme for Government building and
ownership of merchant ships. This
bill provides that American citizens
may incorporate a company for the
building, purchase and operation of
ships in foreign commerce and may
issue bonds to the amount of four
times the subscribed capital. The
bonds are to pay not over 6 per cent
interest and are to be guaranteed by
the Government to the amount of not
more than $50 per ton of new ships.
This bill has advantages over that
of the Administration in the fact that
it leaves the shipping business entirely
in private hands, but it makes the
Government liable for the bonded
debt of the company and thus lessens
the inducement to enterprise and eco
nomical operation. It provides no. su
pervision over the conduct of the
There is far more merit in another
bill introduced by Mr. McArthur, es
tablishing a Board of Maritime Con
trol to be composed of the Supervising
Inspector-General of Steamboats, the
Commissioner of Navigation and five
appointed members, each of whom
shall have had five years of seagoing
experience and five years' experience
in the management of ships. This
board would have "jurisdiction and
control in all matters pertaining to
(he construction, classification, equip
ment and operation of vessels, includ
ing the promulgation of rules for in
spection, operation and manning of
vessels." Its first duty would be to
"prescribe rules for its government
and for the approval and classifica
tion of construction, equipping, fur
nishing and manning, including rules
for the government of crews."
The rapidity with which ships are
being built and new shipyards estab
lished, even under the threat of Gov
ernment invasion of the shipping field,
shows that no such emergency exists
as would Justify Government ship pur
chase. When private enterprise is al
ready occupying and adding to the full
shipbuilding capacity of the Nation,
what need is there and what oppor
tunity is there for the Government to
increase the output? The present
high freights are sufficient immediate
inducement, and that inducement is
strong, since' the war threatens to be
The real need is inducements to con
tinue shipbuilding In the United States
and operation under the American
flag after the war ends. -These can be
supplied by revision of the shipping
laws in such fashion as will equalize
cost of operation under the American
and foreign flags and as will pay rea
sonable compensation for ocean mail
service and for the construction of
merchant ships as naval auxiliaries
and for the employment of American
crews enrolled in the naval reserve.
Such a board as Is provided by the Mc
Arthur bill could, with the addition of
naval officers, draft a measure attain
ing all these ends, and could do so
much better than any department
head or committee of Congress. Such
a measure would bear no taint of sub
sidy if care were taken that the pay
ments provided by it should be only
fair compensation for service ren
dered, to the Government.
ANNA HEED IN KANSAS. N
Capricious and captivating Anna
Held must not practice her alluring
wiles upon the men of Kansas. Not
even in motion pictures. Kansas men,
be it known, are models of virtue and
not one in ten would flirt with a mar
ried woman. They are not interested
in the personal charms and lingerie
of married women such as Anna Held
and their goodness demands that they
should not be left open to temptation
and wrongful suggestion. Moreover,
it is not right that the venom of sus
picion and watchful waiting should
be planted in the minds of their trust
Rev. Festus Foster, movie censor in
the good city of Topeka, argues in this
wise in defending objections to an
Anna Held picture romance in which
the idol of Paris cavorts in character
istic poses and gowns. Anna has re
plied to the assault somewhat ab
ruptly, contending that the reverend
censor Is a stupid person who should
not be permitted to roam beyond the
confined precincts of a chicken coop.
Paris adores her and regards her as
an eminently fit and proper matron
who has charm as an entertainer.
Which brings from the Rev. Festus
a rejoinder that it Is wrong to pre
sent -."a film that misrepresents the
married man and which will have a
tendency to shake the confidence
women have in their husbands. That
seems to be its lesson, that you can't
trust a man."
Think of it! Think of the wrong
of suggesting to wives that they should
keep a weather eye open. "Men are
to be trusted," the Rev. Festus ex
claims. "Not one Kansas man in ten
would flirt with a married woman."
A beautiful tribute indeed. But how
about one in eleven or one in twelve?
How about one married man. in ten
flirting with a single woman? The
defender of Kansas and Kansans does
not give us sufficient figures. He does
not remove all suspicion. In fact his
words suggest that a certain small
percentage of Kansas men would flirt
with married women, and if that be
true who can know, without vigilance,
what particular individuals are given
to this sly offense? But even assum
ing that not one man in all Topeka
would flirt, then what harm in per
mitting them to see how outrageously
men of other sections engage in this
insidious pastime? Do not their own
virtues shine all the brighter by con
trast with the lax practice of Paris,
and will not their trusting wives come
to see what wonderful models of male
virtue they have acquired? Is there
not the greater danger of an epidemic
of suspicious wives in the insistence
of the Rev. Festus that Kansas men
must not be brought face to face with
the dazzling Anna?
Criticism by the Sons of the Ameri
can Revolution of what they term neg
lect of Washington's birthday by
Portland is hardly fair. To be sure,
its observance could be improved. In
the old days Colonel Summers had out
the National Guard for a parade,
which in itself was appropriate; but
now many employers object to letting
the men off for the afternoon. There
is a good field for missionary work
by the Sons. Viewing from another
aspect, a pronounced effort for greater
observance might lead to a miscarriage
of intent and plan, as with Memorial
day, which has become so overcrowd
ed by sporting events as to shadow the
significance of the day. That would
be a danger solely on this Coast, how
ever, and the balmy days of February
would encourage It. The Sons show
the right spirit, but well enough is
The suspicion dawns that we can
get along nicely without a Secretary
of War while the preparedness pro
gramme is being framed. Particular
ly without the Wilson variety of War
Russians advancing from the east
and submarines in the Bosphorus have
given the unspeakable Turk another
conniption fit. He will likely seek sat
isfaction by killing a few more Ar
menians. In his Washington birthday address
Governor Withycombe urged boys to
stay on the farm. If more boys would
follow that advice they would fare
better and the country would be bet
If one-third of the wheat crop of
Illinois has been lost by the floods,
that leaves some good land for pota
toes and cabbage, which are always in
demand, although they require more
labor. ' .
If everybody who writes on "Birth
Control" would sign his or her name
and assume personal responsibility, as
does Father Black, for what he says,
there would be much enlightenment-
Chicago's women officeholders are
learning some of the inner secrets of
the political game, but they have not
learned to practice the Quay motto:
"Addition, division and silence."
Next on the programme is the pick
ing off of the Japanese warships in
the Mediterranean, not as a real act of
war so much as warning to keep out
of the white man's game. "
Although the schools were kept
open on Washington's birthday, no
doubt they will be closed for the open
ing day of the baseball season, as
A Missouri Democrat has been
named Ambassador to Russia. He will
have barely time to get on the job
before the Democratic catastrophe of
The American Association in Berlin
is arranging to provide for those im
poverished by the war and if funds are
needed it knows where to apply.
Chicago women officials are ac
cused of grafting. The question now
is, will women elevate politics or will
politics corrupt the women?
With a blackmail ring exposed it is
possible that quite a number of emi
nent Seattle citizens exhibit signs of
nervousness these days.
The Japanese navy may now try
on the Teutons, in aid of Russia, some
of the tricks it played on Russia a
dozen years ago. .
The British Cabinet is becoming
more of a war Cabinet with a Minis
ter of War Trade following the Minis
ter of Munitions.
A tax of $ld00 a gallon on liquor
has been proposed. There are those
who would have it even at double that
"Tell the truth," say the Admen, as
If an Oregonian could do otherwise in
writing of soil, climate and resources!
It is planned to make the American
Navy supreme by 1925. Provided the
world lets us alone in the meantime.
nricfid erolf ball will be on
the market shortly. Hurray! Now we
can put by something for old age.
TaiwnfSA "rjicture brides" may be
excluded by act of Congress. And
this leap year, too.
The Czar has become really affec
tionate to the Duma, now that he
needs Its help.
The Russian Duma has been opened;
but the Russian Baltic remains se
There are no decorations for Gen
eral Gloom and no flowers will adorn
his grave. .
The Jap fleet is In the Mediterra
nean. Now let the Honorable Teutons
"New Haven wreck cause of deaths,"
says a dispatch. Has a most familiar
The Chinaman who expects to get
killed does not mind the way it is done.
A tong war appears to be more
deadly than the Mexican type of war.
When was Senator La Follette not a
candidate for something?
Hi Gill got 'em all In the prelimi
Good ball weather is going to waste.
Plant your rose bushes early.
Stars and Starmakers
By Eeone Case Bser,
THERE are two kinds of actresses;
the one who delivers the goods and
the one who wears them.
In Boston the police made Ruth St.
Denis, her husband, Ted Shawn, and
the dancers in the company don tights
instead of appearing in bare limbs.
Long Tack Sam, the Chinese sleight-of-hand
artist, who was here at the
Orpheum a few weeks ago with his
Wonder Workers, was robbed of $1200
in cash and a $3000 draft when chang
ing cars two hours before reaching
Terre Haute, Ind. He had two grips
in his hands and was aware that he
was being crowded by two men in the
vestibule of the car.
When he boarded the train for Terre
Haute he discovered that his pocket
book was missing. The police of Chi
cago were notified and the manager
telegraphed to New York to stop pay
ment of the draft, which was made
payable to Franz Long, the name of
Long Tack Sam.
Long Tack Sam is married to a Ger
man girl, and they have two little ones.
He is enormously wealthy and main
tains a London country place.
Vernon Castle has finally gone to
Europe. He sent brief little notes to
New York papers just before he sailed.
The notes said:
"I have really sailed, so don't pick
on me any more. Vernon Castle."
As a matter of fact, Mr. Castle got
off to a three months' flying start on
the Adriatic and will go direct to Lon
don and tell the war department his
plans to induce the German army to
dance itself to death. Mr. Castle's part
ing words at the pier were: "We'll
win sure if my feet hold out."
"Chuck" Riesner, who might be
styled the laughter hit of the Orpheum
bill this week in '"It's Only a Show,"
with vivacious Henrietta Gores, former
ly was a Keystone scenario writer. He
has written comedies for Raymond
Hitchcock, "Fatty" Arbuckle. Sam
Bernard, Weber and Fields, Willie Col
lier, Joe Jackson, Mabel Normand, Ford
Sterling, Charlie Murray,. Eddie Foy
and numerous others. Riesner was pre
vailed upon by Eddie Foy to enter the
picture game and was a Keystone em
ploye when Foy rebelled at the
scenario which required one of the Foy
children to hit Pater Famllias Foy in
the face with a custard pie. Riesner
hailed originally from San Francisco,
and aside from his movie-making he
has been before the public as a prize
fighter and a songwriter, as well as a
vaudeville comedian. He is the author
of the songs, "The Garden of Earth"
and "Come Back Home to Old Ken
tucky." Talking of songwriters, Henry
I. Marshall, also at the Orpheum this
week, is the author of "On the 6:15,"
and the recent song, "No One But Your
Dear Old Dad."
e e e
A cast of notables is to appear in the
revival of C. Haddon Chambers' play,
"The Idler," which has been rechris
tened "The Great Pursuit."
Mr. Chambers explains that he has
retained the original theme of the play,
but he has made it meet present con
ditions. Rehearsals of "The Great Pursuit"
are now on. The complete cast is as
follows: Phyllis Neilson-Terry, Marie
Tempest, - Jeanne Eagels, Cynthia
Brooke, Bruce McRae, Charles Cherry,
H. Graham Browne and Montague
C. F; Zittel, who as "Zit" is famous
the world of amusements over, has
brought a suit for $100,000 damages
against a chemical company of West
field, Mass., for using his nickname to
advertise a dry wash for automobiles.
"I have been called pretty nearly
everything in the course of my life and
have taken it humbly without protest
many times for the sake of advertising,
but I draw the line at being called 'a
dry wash,' " said "Zit" recently.
A year ago Mr. Zittel brought suit
against a patent medicine concern for
using his name, which is a trademark,
duly copyrighted as such, and was
given a verdict for $5000. But on the
present occasion ho says that his feel
ings are hurt, and he is held up to
ridicule and contempt by being called
"a. dry wash," and he has Instructed
his attorney, William Grossman, to ask
the courts to award him $100,000 balm
to his injured feelings.
Surely the motonony of defending
suits for plagiarism must be beginning
to wear upon David Belasco. He, per
haps more than other producers, has
been jumped upon by sundry Toms,
Dicks and occasional Miss Harry, who,
without reputation behind them, think
they have given Mr. Belasco the idea
for a big play. Invariably Mr. Belasco
has come out victorious, but a new one
is facing him. John G. Underhill, of
Brooklyn, and Gregorio Martinez Sierra,
of Madrid, as owners of both an Ameri
can and a Spanish copyright for "Can
cion de Cuna" ("The Cradle Song"), al
lege that the Belasco production of
"Marle-Odlle" is a free adaptation of
their play. They have, therefore, entered
suit in the Federal District Court
charging Mr. Belasco with, copyright
The complainants assert that Mr.
Belasco at one time read "The Cradle
Song," but their complaint admits that
he Indignantly refused to make a con
tract to produce it as they urged. The
recital of similarities between "Marie
Odile" and the Spanish piece as filed
with the complaint shows that the action
and incidents of the two compositions
are far from being identical, and there
seems to be no claim that the two
dialogues are verbatim.
The suit of Messrs. Underhill and
Sierra seems to be another one of those
numerous suits for plagiarism, which
Mr. Belasco has so far successfully de
fended. Thus, for instance, the plain
tiffs in this case admit that "the girl"
in their play merely left her convent
home, where she had been adopted by
the nuns, and went to be legally mar
ried to an estimable and prominent
man. In "Marie-Odlle" a young novice
becomes enamoured of a handsome
soldier and becomes a mother without
any marriage ceremony.
First Republican Victory.
"As you told me to. Pop," said the
rising son, "I'm posting up on politics."
"Quite right, my boy, quite right"
"And I see, by what I read here, that
the first Republican victory was ' in
391 B. C."
"Yes, sir; listen. 'Pelopidas advocated
o nmneratic form of government, but
was driven from Thebes by the op
posing party, in am .d, j-,- -
FUTURE OF PORTLAND-ASTORIA
Stephen A. Lowell See Portland-to-the-Sea
Crowded With Docks.
. PENDLETON, Or., Feb. 22. (To the
Editor.) The Astoria rate decision
will not, I think, mean a permanent
lessening of either Portland's busi
ness or Portland's prestige, but rather
a broadening of both her trade .and
her influence. Public sentiment over
the state has been friendly to Astoria
iimiwhni,t Vie?, lrtnar and brave strug
gle for those transportation privileges
to whlcn her natural iociuuu cum..
her, but such sentiment has never
been based upon any hostility to
Portland. On the other hand those
residents of the Columbia Valley who
have studied the situation with broad
vision and a grasp of the future, re
gard the Inland Empire and the cities
of Portland and Astoria as indissolu
bly united in a union pregnant with
possibilities and rich with promise.
They anticipate that the future and
not a very distant future, will behold
substantially one vast dock system
from Portland to the ocean, made
necessary to handle the mighty traf
fic which the exchange of the almost
limitless productions of the tributary
territory with those of Alaska, Asia
and Australia, to say nothing of Africa
and the South Sea. shall develop. It
must not be forgotten that the basins
of the Columbia and Willamette will
one day teem with the industry of
millions of people.
The spacious, natural harbors of trie
Pacific are not numerous. The Sound,
the Columbia, Coos Bay, San Fran
cisco, San Diego and possibly San
Pedro, complete the list. Of these
some day, the Columbia, with its in
vitation to fresh water, will command
the chief attention of the shipping
The stupendous American Interna
tional Corporation, that astounding or
ganization of American capital Just
launched in New York, with purpose to
finance the new and undeveloped
countries of the world, to place the
products of American soil and Ameri
can factories in the trade centers of
the laggard continents, in a word to
supplant war-swept Europe in the
world's markets and as the world
bankers, can only mean that soon the
commerce of the Pacific will increase
by leaps and bounds, and every harbor
will be needed.
America with half a billion people,
not a paltry one hundred million is
within the vista of the optimist today.
American goods in the hands of the
traders of all the continents will be
witnessed before this generation
passes. America leading the worlds
business, the world's agriculture, the
world's manufacturing, means that
Portland-Astoria will become the
Hamburg, the Liverpool, the Hong
kong of America's Pacific Coast.
Let us get upon the heights and
look into the future. Let us pull to
gether There is room enough for all.
STEPHEN A. LOWELL.
HUMANIZING THE LOWER REGIONS
Birth Control Advocate Auks Ques
tions of Father Black.
PORTLAND. Feb. 22. (To the Edi
tor.) I think Father Black in his big
otry has failed to touch upon the two
important points in birth control.
First, what assurance can he give tne
man of a large family of steady em
ployment? Can ho guarantee an in
crease in wage proportionate with tne
family increase? What has he to say
about the improved machine which
displaces so many hands? Anathema
tizing the advocates of birth control
docs not touch this problem.
Second, what has ho to say about the
modern chemist who makes antiseptic
surgery possible. He is the real father
of birth control. Can Father Black by
some vile words banish antiseptics
from the earth? Or is he a reformer
who would send the clubwomen the
"simps" (whatever that means) the
improved machine, the modern chemist
and eugenics to "the lowest depths ot
hell" to put In operation the efficiency
code, to humanize those regions ho
they will be a proper place for the re
pose of tho souls of mortal sinners?
If that is his idea I must say we no
longer believe in hell: we have cast
those superstitions out. He asks
"What has become of men when they
seem to fight God and natiire by put
ting themselves above God and con
testing his preordained laws?" How
about ceYibacy? CLUBWOMAN
Alnska and the Rnllrond.
HILLSBORO. Or.. Feb. 22. (To the
Editor) (1) Kindly tell me where I
carl obtain information i regard to
agricultural lands in Alaska. (J i At
what place does the Government rail
road; now building to Alaska, start,
ond whero the terminus.?
and wnero mo SUBSCRIBER.
(1) Write to the Commissioner of
the Land Office at Washington.
(2) The first arterial routo of a Gov
ernment railroad in Alaska, reaching
from the coast to navigable waters of
the interior, as designed by President
Wilson April 11, 1915. starts from
Seward, on Resurrection Bay, follows
the line of the Alaska Northern Rail
road (acquired by purchase) to Mile 72.
on Turnagaln Arm of Cook's Inlet;
thence following the north shore of the
arm to Ship Creek, thence in a gen
erally northerly direction along Kn'k
Arm and the easterly side of the Su
sitna Valley to Broad Pass, In the
Alaska range of mountains and the
headwaters of the Nenana River;
thence down the river to the Tanana
Valley and Fairbanks, a total of 471
miles, with a spur of 38 miles from a
point near the head of Knik Arm to
the Matanuska coal field.
Pretty Compliment to Newberg.
PORTLAND. Feb. 22. (To the Edi
tor ) For the past 10 days I have been
visiting in the beautiful little city of
Newberg, situated on the Willamette
River 26 miles southwest from Port
land. Everybody is happy and prepar
ing their garden spots for vegetables.
Going from Portland to Newberg is
like a big picnic. Everybody knows
when a stranger enters, and they meet
you with a hearty handshake, and not
a few ask you to visit them in their
lovely homes. You can ramble wnere
you please and still find much to ad
mire. Newberg certainly is blessed
with churches 13 different denomina
tions; 11 churches all Orthodox. When
you attend church, at the end of the
service the minister meets you at the
door, shakes your hand and invites you
to come again and. believe me, such
kindness is not "wasted on the desert
air" What a lovely retreat from the
noisy city! If you wish to know the
little city of Newberg, try an excursion
someday. M. E. OADES.
770 Commercial fatreet.
PORTLAND, Feb. 23. (To the Ed
itor.) Will you please decide the fol
lowing point of law: A and B have a
mortgage on some land. B gives C a
note for money advanced and gives his
interest in the mortgage as security.
The note is past due and not paid. A
and B take legal steps to foreclose the
mortgage. The point is this: Can C
sue B on the note, get judgment and
proceed to sell B's Interest in the mort
gage while the mortgage on the land
is in court on foreclosure proceedings?
JOHN ELSTER, Kern Park.
The Pork Barrel.
Mrs. MoGubb What's this "pork
barrel" thing down at Washington we
read so much about?
McGubb It's one of our great Ameri
Mrs. McGubb What's it for?
McGubb To keep the Nation "on the
In Other Days.
Twenty-Five Years Asro.
From The Oregonian of February 14, ISI'l.
Superintendent L R. Fields went
south on the paycar yesterday, in com
pany with Paymaster D. II. Reed. It
Is estimated that no less than $300.00i
has been and will be expended over
the company's line In Oregon.
A Nebraska man has been here for
the past week making arrangement
to bring out a colony of 100 families
from his home state to settle thorn
somewhere In the Valley where he can
get the proper Inducements.
Dennis F. Murphy died yesterday at
St. Vincent's Hospital of dropsy of the
heart, aged 54 years. Tho deceased
was a former member of Columbian
Engine Company No. 3.
San Francisco. Feb. 23. The loss of
lives by the wrecking of the clipper
ship Elizabeth off North Head Satur
day night, is now estimated at 19, In
cluding the captain of the local lifo
saving crew. Captain Henry.
General Manager Richard Koehler.
of the Southern Pacific, left for a short
trip to Salem yesterday.
William Jennings Bryan, the new
Congressman from Nohraska, is barely
30 years of age. lie conducted his own
campaign and though he had no funds
turned a plurality of 8400 received by
his opponent two years ago to a plu
rality of more than 6700 for himself.
Claim Agent P. B. Whitney, of the
Southern Pacific, is lying quite ill at
Half a Centnry Abo.
From The Oresonian of February 24. ISfW.
Thomas Frazar, J. N. Dolph and C.
Riehey, Union County Committee, have
called the .County Convention for
March 24 at the Courthouse.
New York, Feb. 22. Cooper Institute
was crowded tonight to Indorse the
President. T. B. Cutting was In the
chair. David Dudley Field offered a
written address and resolution declar
ing that the first question Is tho paci
fication of the country.
Indianapolis, Tnd.. Feb. 22. Major
General Low Wallace was temporary
chairman of the Union State Conven
tion here toduy. Governor Baker wan
chosen permanent president of the
convention. President Andrew Johnson
and Congress both were Indorsed.
Major-General Frederick - Steele, the
new commander of tho Department of
the Columbia, arrived on tho Steamer
Sierra Nevada Thursday. The Four
teenth Infantry Band serenaded him at
Arrigonl's while ho was here beforo
leaving for Fort Vancouver.
Throughout the country different
opinions are voicel as to tho wisdom
of the President's action in vetoing tho
Freedmen's Bureau bill. Somo of tlm
Union purty leaders are trying to
maintain the attitude of Ktnnding by
tho President and still showing trust
In Congress, but it Is difficult work
in face of the outspokenness of many.
State Senator Soovillu. of New Jersey,
said the President made the worst in
vestment In his life when he vetoed
the bill and that "ho abandoned and
tramped upon every principle that el
evated him to power." For some time
there has been evidence of a disneree
iiirnt between Congress nnd tlio Presi
dent as regards restoration of tli
rebel states to their old relations with
the Government. The President's pulley
has been his own and obnoxious to
many loyal citizens.
olril JVamea In Mage Mnrlil.
P.KAVERTON. Or., Feb. 20. (To tho
Editor.) Will you kindly Inform mo
throUKh The Oregonian the nationality
and occupations of tho following men
and say if they aro still living: David
Belasco, Sir Arthur Plnero. Eugono
Walter, Georgo M. Cohan.
David Belasco is American born, of
Jewish parents, and is a playwrltcr and
Sir Arthur Pinero, English, born in
Eugene Walter. American, born in
Cleveland, Ohio; playwrltor.
George M. Cohan is of Irish parent
age; horn in Providence. R. 1. "o Is a
playwrltcr. actor (sinking comedian)
and a producer.
All are living.
E. B. K., Portland Tho above an
swers your questions also.
PORTLAND. Feb. 22. (To the J-M-
itor ) Will you answer throush mo
Oregonian the following questions?
1 Is It permissible to use tho word
"you Hod" in a letter and send It
through the nrnll. 'if the ""f'0"
would reflect on one's character? Is
there a penalty? Please give addresa
of Mae Tlnee, of the movie pm-e. In tho
Sunday Oregonian. Where do you ad
dress the letters sent her.
The expression does not come within
the postal laws, but you mlnht be
making yourself liable to prosecution
on a charge of libel, cither civil or
Address Mae Tlnee, care of Tho bun
day Oregonian. Portland.
WUconain School for Glrln.
THURSTON, Or., Feb. 20. (To the
Fditor.) Can you tell me the city in
Wisconsin in which the woman's prison
situated? MAUV D. UARUIA
We presume you refer to tho Girls'
Industrial School at Milwaukee. This
Is a semi-state Institution.
Delegate From Alaaka.
VADER. Wash.. Feb. 21. (To the
Editor.) Who Is the present delegate
to Congress from Alaska? What is his
James Wlckersham. Fairbanks, Alas
ke. Address him at Washington.
COSMOPOLIS. Wash.. Feb. 21. (To
the Editor.) Do persons in Washing
ton have to pass a medical examina
tion before they can marry?
As to Substitution
Speaking on the subjoct of sub
stitution. Paul E. Faust, the woll
linown advertising expert, says:
"If a dealer endeavors to push
an unidentified or below-standard
brand with a consumer, and she
rejects the article, the dealer has
lessened the respect the customer'
has for his store, and for his mer
chandise. If he pushes a brand
the consumer quickly accepts, hla
selling has been made easier, and
he has his customer in the humor
to do further buying. Contrast
this favorable frame of mind with
the attitude of a consumer who
has just been through an argu
ment with a dealer over a product
or brand she firmly refused to
"As discerning dealers recognize
how it is to their advantage to
sell lines which consumers pur
chase readily and willingly, they
will refuse to buy any other kind."