Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937, February 23, 1916, Image 1

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    VOL. Li VI. NO. 17,240.
mm navy
Admiral Says France Is
Close Fourth.
Navy Equal to Any by 1925
Is Present Policy.
Maximum Output Said to Be Suffi
cicnt for Only Eight or Nine Big
Ships a YearPresent Fleet
Js ot Criticised.
- WASHINGTON, Feb. 22. The object
of the building policy formulated in
1313 by the Navy General Board, it was
disclosed today before the House na
val committee, was to keep the United
States ahead of Germany In the race
for naval supremacy. The statement
was made by Rear-Admiral Charles J.
Badger, a member of the general board,
who explained that the policy had con
templated a fleet of 48 first-lino bat
tleships by 1913 to accomplish its pur
pose. The ftatement did not go into the
record of the hearing and Admiral
Badger did not amplify it to show why
the board had thought such a course
Former Policy Abandoned.
The Admiral was replying to a sug
gestion that the object of the old pol
icy, abandoned this year by the board
for the first time, was to keep the
American Navy In second place. While ,
that was the effect it had, he said, the
real object was to keep ahead of Ger
This year the board fixed as its pol
icy the creation by 1925 of a fleet equal
to the most powerful afloat at tha
time, he said. The committee did no
go into the board's reasons for chang
ing its ideas beyond drawing out th
explanation that the board believed a
fleet 10 per cent superior to any fight
lng force that might be brought
against it would be necessary to in
sure against the invasion of American
soil by an enemy.
Germany's Strength Estimated.
Under questioning by Representa
tive Kelley, Admiral Badger said the
construction of three additional dread
noughts and eight battle cruiser
would place the Navy on a par Vith
the capital ships of the German flee
today. Germany now has 22 dread
noughts and eight battle cruisers, he
said, according to the best available
information, while the United Staes
has all told 19 ships of the dreadnought
class, built or building.
To equal Great Britain's fleet within
two years. Admiral Badger said, the
United States would be obliged to have
a total force of 40 dreadnoughts. 15
battle cruisers, 23 swift scouting craft
200 submarines and 250 destroyers. He
was not favoring such a programme,
but merely answering questions by
Representative Butler. Such a fleet
could not be built in two years, he
added, though it might be constructed
In four.
Output of Armor Limited.
Representative Butler said construc
tion experts of the Navy had told the
committee that' the maximum number
of capital ships that could be laid
down at one time in the United States
was 22, and that they could be com
pleted in two years if the skilled labor
could be found. Admiral Badger
thought the armor output would not
permit such rapid construction, and
Representative Butler agreed, saying
he had been told "by the man who
sells armor to the Government" that
the maximum possible output was
64,000 tons a year, or enough to equip
eight or nine heavy ships.
Chairman Padgett remarked that the
armor manufacturers had told the in
vestigating commission last year that
they could produce only 2S.000 tons
in urging a great increase in the
fleet Admiral Badger said he did not
wish to be understood as saying the
present force was not a thoroughly
efficient one
Fleet Good, as Far as It Goes.
"I did not want to give the impres
sion." he said, "that our fleet is no
good. The only trouble with it is that
it is not big enough for possibilities.
It's a good fleet, well drilled, well
equipped and well organized. 'We are
now prepared just as far as our power
will permit us to be. More power
means more ships."
Regarding the present place of the
United States fleet among the navies
of the world. Admiral Badger said, he
classed it as third in fighting power,
with France a close fourth.
"1 think we are number three." he
eaid. "Japan is coming along; but has
a good deal to do to equal our fleet.
In military power fighting efficiency
I think we are a pretty good third,
with France not far behind."
Representative Kelley questioned Ad
miral Badger as to the net result of
the five-year building programme ad
vocated by President Wilson. He asked
if It actually meant any Increase what
i ever over the old Congressional policy
of two capital ships a year.
Five-Year Plan Defended.
The Admiral was inclined to think
not. but later agreed with' a statement
of Representative Callaway that, under
the old two-ships-a-year programme.
.iCoaclutled uu Puti J. Ctfliini u
Vessels Presumably Sent to Protect
Shipping Fnder Flag of
' Tokio Government.
COPENHAGEN, via London, Feb. 22.
German newspapers print dispatches
from Italy saying that a Japanese fleet
has arrived safely in the Mediterranean
Sea, together with a great number o"
air craft.
Two Japanese steamers have been
torpedoed and sunk in the Mediterra
nean, the liner Yasaka Maru and the
freighter Kenkoku Maru.
On January 3 announcement was
made at Tolfio by the Jiji Shimpo that a
squadron of Japanese warships was to
be dispatched to the Suez Canal, pre
sumably for the purpose of protecting
Japanese shipping. The armored cruis
ers Kasuga, Tokiwa and Chitose were
mentioned as having been assigned to
this service.
Department Store of Northwestern
Improvement Company Damaged.
TACOMA. Wash., Feb. 22. Approxi
mately 1100,000 loss was caused by a
fire starting in some refuse, swept in
front of the ash pan of a boiler in the
big department store of the North
western Improvement Company at
Roslyn, a coal mining town, according
to advices received here. It was neces
sary to blow in the side of the build
ing with dynamite to get at the blaze.
Help was called from Cle Elum. C. W.
Swain, manager of the store, was over
come by smoke.
In. the building were the real an
personal tax rolls of Kittitas County.
These records and those of the company
were rescued. Many iusee caps
much oil was stored in the buildin
but an explosion was averted.
Xearly 1000 Tickets Sold for Bene'
fit of Disabled Officers.
With a large crowd in attendanc
the ball given in Cotillion Hall las
night under the auspices of the Police
Beneficiary Association proved an un
qualified success. The profits of the
affair will be devoted to the relief of
officers injured in the performance of
their duty or disqualified for work by
sickness. Nearly 1000 tickets were sold
The police orchestra of 14 pieces gave
a concert between 7:30 and 8:30 o'clock.
The. whole police band was deemed too
large for playing In the hall. All th
arrangements were in charge of a co
mlttee of 48 patrolmen, headed by Cap
tain Circle and six sergeants.
An i ma Is Invade Yards and Give
Fight in Baker District.
BAKER, Or., Feb. 22. Special.)
Coyotes, unable to obtain food in th
open, are invading; towns and ranches,
causing great fear among ranchers.
One coyote invaded the yard of Frank
Pearce at Pleasant Valley and fought
the dogs. Mrs. Pearce ran to separate
them and the loyote chased her into
the house. She slammed the door shu
just before he reached it. Another coy
ote entered the barnyard where Sam
Rizor, living near Pleasant Valley, was
feeding cattle, and attacked his dogs.
Rizor and the dogs drove the animal
away after a fight.
Losses in Baker District Are liuid to
Soaring Prices.
BAKER, Or., Feb. 22. (Special.)
Because of the scarcity of feed in Grant
County, oats have gone to $2.25 a 100
pounds and threaten to go still higher.
Since the heavy storm, sheepmen have
been in a dilemma regarding the care
of the flocks.
The rise started when Newton Shank
bought 5000 pounds at 2 cents and M.
Whetstone bought 2700 pounds at
slightly higher price. Many sheepmen
have been compelled to move their ant.
mals nearly across the county and
many have lost large numbers because
of the inability to obtain food.
E. F. Averill, However, Finds Coy
otes Suffer Little From Campaign.
PENDLETON, Or'.. Feb. 22. (Spe
cial.) Thousands of rabbits are dead
on the flats between Hermiston and
Heppner, according to E. F. Averill
of the United States Biological Sur
vey, on his return from that section.
Their death was due partly to the
storm and partly to the poison cam
paign waged by the farmers. Chopped
alfalfa, poisoned and made into a soup.
was put out for the animals.
Coyotes, however, seem to have suf
fered little, and a campaign will be
waged for their extermination.
Collarlione Broken While Skating
In Germany.
BERLIN. Feb. 22. (By wireless to
Sayville. N. T.) James W. Gerard, the
American Ambassador, fell yesterday
while skating at Partenkirchen, Ba
varia, and broke his left collar bone.
He returned to Berlin today in care
of the naval attache of the Embassy
and Surgeon Carl Ohnesford.
Ambassador Gerard went to Parten
kirchen -on Friday for a brief outing
while the Winter sports were in
Views of Admin istra
tion Made Clear.
Department of Justice to Of-
- fer Amendments.
Provision That Would Have Con
firmed Uncompleted Sales to C.
A. Smith May Be Eliniinat
. cd in Final . Draft.
ington, Feb. 22. The Administration
favors the passage of the Chamber
lain land grant bill, amended to meet
the views of the Attorney-General.
It is opposed to every other' pend
ing land grant bill. This was devel
oped at today's hearing before tne
House public lands committee, when C.
J. Smyth, Government' counsel in the
land grant case, eplalned the stand
of the Department of Justice, and
Chairman Ferris volunteered the state
ment that Secretary Lane favored the
Chamberlain plan and was In accord
with the Attorney-General.
It also developed at today's hearing
that there is a Joker in one of the new
provisions recommended by the Attorney-General
and the smiles that were
evident on the faces of committee
members when Representative Sinnott
made this known indicated that this
provision may have to be eliminated.
C. A. Smith Also Benefited.
Mr. Smyth was emphasizing the Jus
tice of the amendment recommended
by the Attorney-General permitting
those who had contracted to buy lands
from the railroad company, but who
have not yet made payment In full
and have not secured title, to get title
in the same manner as provided in the
innocent purchaser's act. He said some
80,000 acres were tied up in executory
contracts. Mr. Sinnott asked who would
benefit by this provision.
A number of poor people," replied
Mr. Smyth.
"Is Mr. C. A. Smith one of the 'poor
people' who would benefit under this
amendment?" asked Mr. Sinnott.
Mr. Smyth was evidently flustered,
but admitted that C. A. Smith was one
of the beneficiaries.
frow' extensive are Mr. Smtih's con
tracts?" asked Mr. Sinnott.
I ' do not know," answered Mr.
Smyth, "but they are very large.
This disclosure that the Attorney-
General's amendment will operate to
confirm uncompleted sales to C. A.
Smith opened the eyes of the com
mittee. Settlers' Rights in Issue.
"But," persisted Mr. Sinnott, ''you
are insisting mai seiners wno nave
been living on this land, some of them
for years and maintaining homes and
(Concluded on Page 2. Column 2. )
Responsibility for General Trade
Policy to Be Placed on Shoul
ders of One . Man.
LONDON, Feb. 22. The government
through the Marquis of Lansdowne. an
nounced in the House of Lords tonigh
that It had decided to turn over all
matters conected with the blockade of
Germany to one man who would rank
as a fullfledged Cabinet Minister.
It is understood that the new post
will go to Lord Robert Cecil, who
since the formation of the coalition
government, has been Under Secretary
for Foreign Affairs. He will retain
this post, joining the Cabinet
Blockade Minister.
The new Minister will be charged
with- the administration of the order in
council - regulating - the blockade, as
well as responsibility for the general
policy and practice of the government
with respect to trade passing to or
from neutral countries.
Lord Robert Cecil is a lawyer of
wide experience and a young man.
members of the British Cabinet go. In
the Foreign, Office he has been inti
mately concerned with blockade opera
tions, particularly in their relation to
the complicated matters touching bel
ligerent and neutral rights. His ele
vation to the cabinet will give the
Unionists another representative in the
coalition councils.
Of SO Failures at Agricultural Col
lege 45 Are Men.
Corvallis, Feb. 22. (Special.) Women
students at the Oregon Agricultural
College are superior to the men in
scholastic attainment. Fifty students
failed In the past semester's work. Of
these only five were women.
All who failed were dropped from
the college rolls. Of these 28 being
first offenders were reinstated on
trict probation, 15 were denied rein
statement for at least one semester and
seven voluntarily withdrew from col
Maryland Senate Passes Bill for
Constitutional Amendment.
v ANNAPOLIS, Md., Feb. 22. Woman
suffrage won a victory in the Senate
by a vote of 17 to 10. The measure is
pefiding in the House and is a special
order for consideration tomorrow.
Tr nfltcA4 Kv tYit ITrtilca srnm.rA
. ' ,. ,,, t i dered for his money they are not over
by the Governor the question will be!. , . , .. .
submitted to the voters of Maryland in
the form of a constitutional amend
Blockhouse Built in 1856 at Clieha
lis Moved to View Point.
CENTRALIA, Wash., Feb. 22. (Spe
cial.) The work of moving Fort
Borst from, the banks of the Chehalis
River to city property just west of the
city limits was completed yesterday.
The moving was performed under the
direction of the Commercial Club.
The blockhouse was erected in 1856.
It now rests on the Pacific Highway
and is expected to be an Interesting
object for tourists.
Two Mysterious Nighf
Visitors Sought.
Robbery Theory Is Favored by
Police, Not Tong War.
Movements of Strange Celestials
:rc Traced Victim Declared
Not Connected With Either
of Warring Factions.
ROSEBURG. Or.. Feb. 22. (Special.)
With his head horribly cut and bat
tered and his throat severed from ear
to ear, the body of Lee Faut. an aged
Chinese laundry worker of this city.
was found late today in his humble
quarters almost in the heart of the
business district. A friend who discov
ered the body notified the officers
Following a brief investigation, Sher
ff Quine declared that he believed Lee
was attacked soon after he retired for
the night. A blood-bespattered hatchet.
found near the body, indicated that it
was with thij weapon that the assail
ants struck their victim several blows
on the head.
A keen dirk, with a blade about eight
inches In length, was found penetrating
ghastly wound at the base of the
Strangers' Visit Recounted,
Ling Toy, a Roseburg Chinese, in
formed the officers that he visited
Tree's dwelling last night and found
two strange Celestials there. One of
these men, he said.' he thought he had
met previously.
Ling Toy said that when he left' for
his home after 10 o'clock the strangers
were still chatting with Lee Faut. At
a late hour tonight, the men mentioned
by Ling had not been located, and it is
believed they have left town. Ling
said he believed the men lived either
n Portland or Eugene.
vvnue tne oiticers are working o
the theory that Lee Faut was mur
looking the fact that a tong war I
raging on the Pacific Coast. Roseburg
Chinamen deny that Lee Faut belonged
to either tong. Lee Faut lived alone 1
his cabin and is said to have accumu
lated considerable money.
Most of Money Kept In Bank,
Most or his funds, however, are
known to be on deposit in a local
bank. Although Faut generally kept
few dollars on his person not a cen
could be located by the officers today
A bill purse which he carried Is also
said to be missing.
Trior to coming to Roseburg thre
years ago, Lee Faut lived at Grants
Pass, where he conducted a laundry
Prior to that time, he resided in Port
land for many years.
A Coroner's jury was selected this
(Concluded on Page 4, Column 3.)
Psychologists Describe Case of Glenn
. Wheeler at Eugene as Retro
active Amnesia.
Feb. ?2. (Special.) Glenn ("Tubby")
Wheeler, for two years one of Bezdek's
mainstays on the varsity basketball
team, lost all memory yesterday after
noon when playing a game of basket
ball in the gymnasium.
He did not "come to" until this morn
ing and can remember only up to noon
of yesterday. He has suffered from
retroactive amnesia, according lo
.Wheeler was playing forward when
he was hit on the jaw. He sat down
on the floor, dazed, and then got up
and continued playing to the end of
the game. When it was over ho went
down into the locker-room and asked
one of the boys what he had been doing.
When he was told, he asked questions
of the game, but could remember noth
ing of playing. He was taken home
and put to bed, ana this morning was
somewhat better, but feeling weak
from the effects.
Several years ago he was hit on the
Jaw similarly and rendered uncon
Reluni of Unused Railway Rights of
Way. Is Favored.
ington, freb. 22. Representative Ferri.-
of Oklahoma, chairman of the public
lands committee, at the request of the
interior Department, hus introduced
bill forfeiting "to the United States all
lands granted to railroads for right of
way purposes, where the railroad has
not been constructed within five years
following the date of its location. The
bill reconveys to the United States full
title to such lands, and provides that
tne -rorreiture hereby declared shall.
wnnoui need or lurther assurance or
conveyance, inure to the benefit of any
owner or owners of land heretofore
conveyed by the United States subject
to any sucn grant of right of way."
There will be no forfeiture, however
where railroad construction is progress
ing in good faith at the time of the
passage of the bill.
Symbol b-T Pessimism Dropped in
Pacific Amid Merry Mourners.
SAN FRANCISCO, Feb. 22. "General
Gloom," a symbol of pessimism in the
form of a gigantic hammer which has
been buried at several points since it
was started West by the Rotary Club,
of Syracuse, N. T., was today consigned
to its final resting place on the bottom
of the Pacific Ocean by an optimistic
party of mourners from the steamer
The cheerful cortege was organized
by the San Francisco Rotarians.
Mayor Gets 30,845 of 58,411 Cast,
While Opponent Has 15,932.
SEATTLE, Wash., Feb. 22. Hiram C.
Gill, Mayor, seeking renomination in
yesterday's primary election, received
30,845 of the 58.411 votes cast, his
nearest competitor, who will be Mr.
Gills opponent in the election of
March 7, being Austin E. Griffiths, with
councilman Oliver T. Knckson go
9724 votes. Charles D. Raymer, So
cialist candidate for Mayor, received
1910 votes.
The Weather.
YESTERDAY'S Maximum temperature,
degrees; minimum. 6b decreet.
TODAY'S Fair; northwesterly winds.
Japanese fleet reported in Mediterranean
sea. Page 1.
Baron Berosford attacks British naval pol
ley. Page 2.
British create Minister in Cabinet to havt
charge of blockade. rage 1.
Bulk of Czar's Warsaw army saved by hold-
lng out ot ono fort, ragu I.
French join Americans In Paris at Washing
ton s birtnday observance. 1 age
Qhamberlaln land-grant bill finds favor with
Administration. 1'ago 1.
'.Ticturo brides" to bo barred by immigration
bill. Pago 3.
American Navy rated as third on world's
list by Admiral Hadger. Page. 1.
Educator.! discuss child welfare. Page
Wreck on New Haven cause of nino deaths.
Fage 4.
Women accused of blackmailing rich Seattle
men by use of camera. Page 4,
Charges of graft, in women's department of
city government, stirs Chicago, Pago 4.
Salt Lake perfecting affiliation with New
lone Yanks. 1'age 13.
Washington State College five on important
tour, without two basketball star.
Page li.
Big card on tonight at Rose City Club.
Page 1 li.
Beavers to get Wilie and Harstad from
Cleveland. Fage IX
racific Northwest
Astoria holds elaborate dual celebration.
Page 1.
Oregon athlete'j memory upset by blow on
jaw. Page I.
Subterfuge to get state guarantee of irriga
tion bonds changed. Page tt.
Roseburg Chlneso hacked to death. Fage 1.
Governor urges boys to stay on farm. Page 5.
Commercial and Marine.
Establishment of great wool market at
Portland assured by experiment of past
season. Pago IV.
Hearing on tomorrow ocr harbor lines.
Page 17-
Portland and Vicinity.
Peace conference held by tongs. Page 16.
Sons of Revolution elect officers. Page 9.
Chamber takes up Portland's rate problem.
Pago :;.
All city plants roses as part of tribute to
Washington. Page IB.
"Romeo and .lullet" benefit to save 70
babies. Page 13.
Weather report, data and forecast. Fage 17.
Lumbermen will commence three-day session
here this nioinios. rase 17,
Patriotism to City and
Country Stirs Throng.
Speakers All Predict Great
Future for Port.
Keynote it Gathering Is Drlcriiiina
tion to Make Most of Opportun
ity by Uniting for Increaso
of Commercial Importance.
ASTORIA. Or.. Feb. 21". (Special.
Astoria held a auuble celebration to
day in commemoration of the Nation
first President and in honor of what
j was more fresh in the minds of every
one, tne granting of parity rules to tin:
Lower Columbia River district.
It was a day of Jollification mid
congratulations. The weather was
Ideal. Flags were floating from almost
every housetop and crowds of enthu
siastic citizens lined the gaily deco
rated streets, listening to the music,
and oratory and complimenting their
neighbors that the Columbia hus at
last come into its own. ,
4prn-.r Meeting Held.
The celebration proper commenced at
3 o'clock with an open-air meeting
that was attended by thousands of pel
sons. Several speakers addressed v -sembly
and, while each 'spoke of tin:
victory gained, the majority laid stress
on the fact that the battle Is but half
won that what is most needed is unity
of action in procuring the business,
which the port is now prepared to
A victory, not for Astoria, but for
the whole of Oregon and the Columbia,
Basin. That was the underlying senli-
ment of practically every address mad
at tonight's banquet.
I nit j' of Purpose I rged.
That sentiment, with the admonition
that Oregon must unite and york as
solid commonwealth for the benefit
of all sections If she wishes to thrive
commercially, was the burden of every
speech, and it was a line of thought
that aroused the enthusiasm of every
one present.
Dr. Affrcd Kinney, chairman of the
committee, opened the afternoon pro
gramme by recalling the work of the
committee of 21 organized 21 years ao
to obtain three things for Astoria:
First, equitable rates to and from
all points reached by rail; second, im
mediate dredging of the entrance to
the Columbia River to gain a 10-foot
channel; and third, suitable port ami
docks capable of accommodiilin i the
argest ships sailing the seas.
Further Progreaa Predicted.
The people today huve realized these
conditions, he said, and are on the road
to even greater prosperity.
Mayor Fred J. Johnson explained
how grateful the people should be over
the victory Just won and wh.-it the
future held In storo for Ihoni. H
admonished his hearers to stand to
gether, to be careful of their criticism
of others, and above all to be truthful
to themselves.
Wallace R. Struble spoke upon th
effect of the rato decision upon the
Columbia River basin. He said this
was a great achievement, hut that even
greater things were In itoro for the
city, and he hoped to see the day when
the Lower Columbia River harbor
would be filled with commerce from all
marts of the world. He urscd the
people to support the naval base com
mittee, assuring them that no stone,
would be left unturned until this val
uable acquisition was procured.
unl rurpoae Pointed Out,
Rev. YV. S. Gilbert called attention
to the dual celebration the people were
holding, that of commemorating the
name and fame of George Washington
and rejoicing over the victory that
would increase the commerce of th'
J. M. Anderson spoke briefly on (Tie
advantages gained by being placed on
a parity with Fugct Sound and other
points. . He told the people that As
toria had much for the future and
that the fight must be continued to
hold and utilize the commercial Ad
vantages before them.
Ex-Senator Charles W. Fulton said
that while he lived in Portland his
heart was in Astoria. He was more
than gratified over-the success of hi
home city in gaining the rate recog
nition and believed that it meant more
to tho people of the Lower Columbia
River district than they themselves
Shipping Organization Urged.
J. E. Cratkc, of the Astoria Budget,
spoke briefly on the opportunities be
fore the people since the rate suit had
been decided in Astoria's favor. Ho
called attention to the importance of
extending tho Influence of the com
munity by organizing for the export
trade. There are opportunities, ho de
clared, that could be developed lo
bring grain to Astoria now if the
people grasped them.
Steamship lines, he asserted, stand
ready to co-operate with Astoria If
ts business men show a disposition to
meet them halfway and Astoria had
(LvactitU on rase u. Column 1-).