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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 19, 1916)
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PORTL-VXn. SATVKOAY. FEB. 19. 1916-
; WHY IT IS. .
I The complete essence of all argu
ments against preparedness is that
Tiatriotism Is not worth while, and the
National idea and the National ideal
should be submerged in the larger and
(better aspirations of humanity.
; What is a plea for unpreparcdness
fbat a form of disloyalty, conscious or
; What is a demand for peace at any
tfrice but the expression of a material
philosophy which exalts physical ease
and comfort above everything else .and
regards war as the worst of all evils
anerely because it involves death and
- jv heard nint during the past
"rlghteen months about our large duty
'to humanity. Quite a jot. dui
iave done nothing for humanity ex
cept talk in polysyllable and write in
learned phrases. Nothing at all. Nor
'Jiave we" intended t do anything. -:
' Now we have awakened to a real
ization of the fact that the prosperous
Tj.eace which we have so painfully
bought and doubtfully achieved has
"its own troubles. All the disasters of
u. great National upset are not con
fined to Mexico nor of a vast interna
tional debacle to the European nations.
There is a disease of the spirit as well
;s of the body. We have it. We have
Jbeen too ready to reap a golden har
dest from the needs of others and we
'liave not been ready enough to assume
.the burden of our duty to humanity
' -which self-respect and a decent re-'t-'ard
for the opinions of others re
quire. The trouble is that there is a de
plorable and alarming lack of patriot
ism throughout the land.
; It tells us that nothing will happen
to us if we sit tight, and don't rock
It limits our horizon to our own
b6undaries and seeks to practice in
ternational isolation, while deivering
Krand apostrophies to human torother
.hood. In its lexicon all races are brothers;
tout in its performance they are all
If our flag flies over an alien race,
claiming and deserving our protec
tion, haul it down.
. If our Nationals venture in foreign
soil and are murdered by yellow out
laws, deny any duty to require the ar
rest and punishment of the villains.
If our men, women and children are
, attacked and drowned in the high seas
" by a reckless belligerent, in plain de
fiance of the public law, write a se--j-les
of notes of protest about it; noth
If our ships are seized, our prop
erty confiscated", and our rights de
rided by another reckless belligerent,
write other notes, and more of them;
but under -no circumstances do any
thing. Above all, venture on nothing more
than lip service to the flag.
; . All of which is but a move pre
' :lfminary to the statement that if the
;rising National sentiment for Theo-
dore Roosevelt is a source of surprise
the world, it is because he has been
the one open and powerful voice
against a feeble, vacillating and timid
; A favored sroT-
The plan to be considered by .the
conference at Salem next month, di
gested of .details, provides for pledg
ing the state's credit for irrigation
and drainage projects and a rural
credit system to the extent of 2 per
'tent of the taxable valuation of the
: This on Its face means a maximum
.indebtedness for those purposes of
.about $18,600,000. But the proposi
tion, so far as it has been outlined,
Ms not in respect to payment of inter
est and sinking fund, equivalent, or
'.even nearly equivalent, to a bond is
sue of that amount. The proposal is
that the state occupy practically the
.position of the endorser of a note.
; It will stand back of the bonds in
1 order to give them stability and sale
. ability at low rates of interest. As to
irrigation and drainage districts, the
;vroblem to draft a simple yet adequate
! statute does not seem difficult. The
1 rural credits factor is likely to be
Imore complicated. In backing an irri
gation district's bonds it is reason
iahle assumption that ordinarily the
state would not only have to guarantee
the interest but would have to ad
Vance the money therefor for about
five years. Thereafter, the lard hold
ers should be able to meet interest
.payments and ultimately to return to
the state the sums it had advanced.
The beneficiaries of drainage works,
however, may usually be expected to
meet interest payments practically, if
not quite, from the completion of the
Thus it appears that the state, while
obligating itself to pay a maximum of
1 18,600,000 and interest thereon, would
;e called upon to pay only a part
of the interest and none of the princi
pal, if the. selection of projects to be
endorsed by- the state were wisely
Oregon is fortunate that its efforts
tre not whofly demanded in behalf of
more or less protective measures and
public necessities. This condition is
emphasized upon comparison of Ore
gon conditions. with those in certain
.parts of California. Los Angeles
.'ountv. Tor example, is soon to vote
:Tn the issuance of $3,600,000 of
:bonds toward financing flood-control
.works. The entire project Is to cost
:$16.r.OS,900, part of which, it is ex
it. ccted. will be paid by the Federal
Itinvernment. On the Sacramento
lUivcr. plans for flood control and
i reclamation of inundated lands involv
ing an expenditure of $42,000,000 have
been adopted by the state. Of trie
total the state will pay $6,250,000. the
Government an equal amount, and the
."property benefited the balance.
In Oreeon. particularly west of the
;nr-arl Mountains, pure water for do-
imestic purposes is easily obtainable.
!vut that necessity cost Los Angeles
5 00,0 00. while, Sao, Franclscjf jrtHj
expend an enormous sum for a pure
and adequate supply. Oregon is fa
vorably situated in that its public
necessities do not come high and that
it need not expend vast amounts for
protection of life and property from
the elements. It can afford to do
something for constructive enterprise,
IICRTFCt VOICES. .
From one evening newspaper we
have constant criticisms of the Port
land Chamber of Commerce because
It has taken the Portland, and not
the Astoria, view of a rate question;
from another evening paper there is
an attack, more or less veiled, because
the Chamber is the subject of "mut-
terings any day and every day in the
street and where citizens gather." The
essence of the latter complaint is that
the Chamber is suspected and accused
of being a tool of Big Business.
The charge is not true. The Cham
ber is and . should be the voice and
agent of every kind of material and
professional activity in Portland big
business, little business, and all busi
ness big industry, little industry, and
all industry. It has a membership of
over 4000, and a directorate of thirty
citizens who represent and put into
motion all the activities of the Cham
ber. If such a body cannot truly and
fairly stand for all the interests of a
community, none can. .
The instrumentalities of dissension
and inertia are not within the 4000
members and their offices.-' They lie
in inconsiderate and vengeful news
papers which for sensational ends
press harmful schemes upon the
Chamber and complain ceaselessly
when they are not adopted. The
Chamber will not stand for such
economic heresies as the single tax or
waterfront confiscation on the one
hand, nor for a disastrous rate read
justment on the other hand. That is
what is the matter; and that is all.
Doubtless the Chamber of Com
merce has made mistakes, and doubt
less complaints that it moves too slow,
ly at times are Justified. But if spite,
littleness, demagogy, crankiness, fro
vincialism and mere noisemaking just
for the sake of being heard shall be
effective, and the usefulness of the
Chamber be impaired or destroyed, it
will be a sad day for Portland.
RKGrl-ATION' OF HECCRITY ISSUES.
Commenting on Governor Withy
combe's statement regarding power
companies that under Oregon laws
"exorbitant rates cannot be charged
and only a reasonable return upon the
investment is allowed," an Oregon,
If the Governor or The Orejonian could
prove tat our Public Utility Commission
accomplishes such results as that they would
answer their own objection to the Ferris
bin. The Administration's measure provides
that where.- states have -commissions with
power to regulate rates and with .authority
over stock and bond Issues the regulation
of power companies chall be left in their
But on what page and In what line of
the public utility act in this state is the
Commission a-lven any authority over cap
italizations or over bond issues?
The proof suggested would not an
swer objection to the Ferris bill. That
objection is that the bill assumes for
the ' Government a regulative power
which the Government cannot consti
tutionally exercise: that it invades the
authority of the tate to exercise that
power; that it does so on the assump
tion that this usurpation is necessary
to prevent harmful . monopoly ; that
this assumption U false as to nearly
all the states, including Oregon, tr
these states have already protected
themselves in the manner which the
The public utility law of Oregon
contains no provision for regulation of
security issues, but it provides for the
basing of rates on the fair value of
the property. This makes the amount
of stock and bonds immaterial. A
company may issue $10,000,000 of se
curities, but if the Utilities Commis
sion finds that it has only an invest
ment of $1,000,000. the Commission
authorizes rates which pay a fair in
come only on $1,000,000. That prin
ciple Is followed by California and by
commissions generally in the most
In fact, the practice is gaining
ground of stating no money value on
a stock certificate. If a company is
capitalized at $1,000,000, the present
custom would make each $100 share
represent one ten-thousandth part of
its property. Under the new practice
the stock certificate would merely
state that the holder owns one ten
thousandth part of the property or
capital stock. We aTe getting back to
the old custom, under which a per
son is owner of one-eighth or one
sixteenth of a ship worth $100,000,
not of $12,500 or $6250 of stock in
the ship-owning company.
Every foreign entertainer of repute
who comes this way to fatten on Amer
ican patronage feels it incumbent upon
himself to condemn our standards
shortly after arriving in New York.
Some say we are barbarians; some
that we are wholly lacking in finer
sensibilities and capacity for appre
ciation of art, while others assert that
we are barren in productivity. Oddly
enough, wo never show resentment
over their caustic outbreaks; we are
inclined, in fact, to accept in timid
fashion everything bad that is said
concerning us. The more caustic the
criticism the larger the headlines in
the press and the more patronage the
visitor draws thereby.
Yvette Guilbert, who trills for a
living, is the latest offender. She has
just dropped over again from that dear
Paris to clear a few thousand dollars
in good American money and she
promptly runs her artistic eye over
the situation and -issues a sharp re
buke. Why, we have not advanced
one bit beyond the lowly plane upon
which she found us the last time we
provided her with money enough to
live on in ease for several years in her
beloved Paris. Art. literature, music
she surveys the whole field with one
laconic sweep and announces that we
are dull and stupid. How very un
patriotic, she exclaims, that we should
not make use of our splendid freedom
and our individuality along the lines
of artistic creation. Why have we no
great artists, writers, singers? Why
copy so much from Europe?
Helpful criticism is more valuable
than praise. But these foreign Invad
ers are rapidly rendering themselves
obnoxious. America is conscious of
progress In the arts.. American in
dividuality is stamped" upon our best
creations. Our modern writers are the
equal, of any. Our artists are some
what backward, yet we have pro
duced several of marked genius in
Yvette's day, and as for our musicians,
it must not be expected that we should
compose masterpieces at this, early
date in our National youth. These
critical foreigners should inform them
selves of the fact that we are very
young and that most of our activities
have been directed Into the huge task
of developing a great new country.
tka greatest and newest country, in
the world: Industrially and econom
ically we have outshone all creation.
As we grow elder and get around
to the point we shall contribute our
full share to the artistio treasures of
the world. Our contributions to date
give promise of rich treasures to come.
In the meantime, these critical
gossips should bear in mind that a
people who patronize them so liber
ally must have a fairly well-defined
culture and nicely developed powers
of appreciation. 'Otherwise, we would
not visit wealth upon them for their
A NEW OirrCROP OF BUREAUCRACY.
Secretary Lane's bill for the sale of
250,000 'acres of public land in each
Western state, the proceeds to be di
vided between road construction and
irrigation, is another device to fasten
the grip of the Washington bureau
cracy on the AVest and to sw-ell the
wasted and sadly diminished reclam
The Lane bill is a substitute for
the bill of Senator Myers granting
each Western state 250,000 acres of
public land to aid Jn road construction.
Knowing Mr. Lane's distrust of the
states as agencies, for their own de
velopment, we can conceive with what
aversion he regarded the Myers bill.
Here was an attempt to take power
from the Government and to give it to
the states. Here was an opportunity
to perpetuate jobs in the Land Office
and the Reclamation Service, to bring
money into the reclamation fund, slip
ping through his fingers. He hastens
to propose a scheme by which the Gov
ernment will do it all. Under his plan
the Government is to dispose of the
land 'and is ,to expend the funds on
roads and reclamation, "to secure uni
formity of construction and economy"
the sort of economy which has been
exemplified in reclamation work. In
that work funds have been spread over
so many projects and, have been so
wastefully expended that not enough
money will be in sight for years to
finish any one of them.
The- Administration, by its public
land policy, shows greater distrust of
the West's capacity for self-government
than It shows of that of the
Philippines. The Western people,
trained in self-government, camo to
the West and by their own efforts
founded states. They are to be kept
in- subjection. The Filipinos are still
in the primary grades of the school of
democracy. They are to be inde
pendent. A POLICY OF WEAK YIELDING.
The notice from Germany and Aus
tria. that after February 29 their sub
marines will treat merchant vessels
armed for defense as war vessels and
will sink them without warning puts
the controversy between the United
States and the central empires back
where it was a year ago, but with the
American position perceptibly weak
ened. The same pro-German editor
who issued warning that the Lusitania
was to be sunk now issues a new
warning that an armed merchant ves
sel of a belligerent nation iwlll soon be
destroyed, and he calls upon our Gov
ernment to notify American citizens
that they will travel on such vessels
at their own risk.
The purpose of the Teuton powers
Is to force the United States to sanc
tion a deviation from international law
and from the principles of humanity.
That has been the plan of the powers
from the beginning of the submarine
controversy. The point which they
now make is the same which Germany
raised in defense of the Lusitania mas
sacre that the Lusitania was armea,
and that regard for its own safety
forbade the submarine to give warn
ing. Germany was fdrced to admit
the falsity of the statement on which
its defense was based, for the man who
said the Lusitania was armed has been
convicted of perjury. But Germany
has never admitted the contention of
the United States that the sinking of
tHe Lusitania, armed or unarmed, was
unlawful and inhuman, and now re
vives as an affirmative cause for like
acts the principbi which it then plead
ed In defense. .
Germany has not yielded an inch on
the matter of principle throughout the
Lusitania negotiations. The points
conceded by that country have been
designed to conciliate the United
States, not as compliance with laws
and principles by which both nations
were bound. The United States began
by demanding that Germany observe
international law and the principles
of humanity, but has retreated from
that 'trong position by accepting as
settlement of the. controversy conces
sions which fall far short of this Gov
ernment's earlier demands and which
do not Include admission by Germany
that Its acts had been illegal.
In the first Lusitania note on May
13. 1815. the United States maintained
that submarines could not be used
against merchant ships in conformity
with law and humanity, because driv
ing passengers and. crew to open boats
was contrary to those principles. On
June 11 we reiterated the contention
that an attempt to escape docs not
alter the obligation of a submarine in
respect to the safety of life, and that
nothing but actual, forcible resistance
or continued efforts to escape has ever
been held to forfeit life. On July 22
the Government retreated from this
position by admitting that submarines
had proved that they could save pas
sengers and crew and act in conform
ity with the principles of humanity,
some submarines having given crews
time to take to the boats before sink
ing ships. Yet some satlors thus driven
to their boats died of exposure.
No distinctions among merchant
ships were made by President Wilson
in his contention in the note of June
11 that he could not admit that the
proclamation of a war zone could
"operate as an abbreviation of the
rights of cither American shipmasters
or American citizens bound on lawful
errands as passengers on merchant
ships of belligerent nations." He in
Eisted on the duty of submarines first
to ascertain the character of ship and
cargo. On July 22 he rejected the pro
posals of Germany to give immunity to
American ships' not carrying contra
band and to belligerent ships under
the American flag, because acceptance
would be to admit Germany's right to
set aside the fundamental principle of
international law that "neutrals ma
travel on non-resisting ships of any na
tionality, even if carrying contraband."
On September 1 Germany agreed
to sink no more liners (that is, passen
ger ships) without warning, provided
they did not resist or try to escape,
and on October 5 Germany disavowed
the sinking of the Arabic as contrary
to Instructions. That agreement con
tained no provision for the safety of
crews of freight ships, which had cer
tainly been covered by the contention
of the United States for the right to
travel the high seas in safety. They
were to remain at the mercy of Ger
many. Yef Secretary Lansing said
that this agreement "appears to be a
recognition of the principle for which
we have contended." He anticipated
then a disavowal of the sinking of the
Lusitania, that is, an admission that it
was illegal, but he is still negotiatng
for that concession and; after ransack
in-g the dictionary for a word which
will appear to make the admission
without actually making it, has picked
the word "recognizes liability" for
l-reparation to the sufferers by slaugh
ter of the Lusitania's people. lnat
phrase is no admission that Germany
has no right to kill Americans at sea;
it only means that, when the Teutons
kill Americans they must pay compen
sation. It reduces slaughter of Amer
icans to a business transaction, and
notifies belligerents that they may
work their will with Americans for bo
The President has yielded also on
the question -of a belligerent merchant
ship's right to carry arms for defense
without rendering itself liable to sum
mary destruction. He impliedly as
serted this right in his note of June 11
by saying that the Lusitania was not
armed "for offensive action," but
throughout the correspondence he has
offered mediation with a view to a
compromise on sea warfare, thus
hinting at a compromise on just such
points. He has arranged informally
for disarming of British shipB entering
American ports. He has recently pro.
posed to the entente powers a joint
agreement to disarm merchant ships.
Only after they had refused thus to
modify international law for the con
venience of their enemies has the
President declared his purpose to up
hold the right of merchant ships to
carry arms for defense. Having ad
mitted the justice of the principle for
which Germany contends, he is in no
strong position to stand up manfully
for American rights, should Germany
destroy ships and kill Americans in
conformity with that principle.
Throughout his dealings with Ger
many Wilson has frittered away Amer
ican rights by dickering and dealing
when he should have presented an un
yielding front in behalf of the unde
niably sound principles which he laid
down at the outset.
A distinguished Boston lawyer-
Moorfield Storey gives the following
estimate of Louis D. Brandels:
I think his reputation in the Boston bar is
that he is a very capable, very energetic
man. and If necessary to advance his ob
jects, he U not scrupulous as to his methods.
nor is lie to be trusted.
Let us see who is this neighbor of
Brandeis' that gives such a startling
indictment of his character, in much
the same language as another Boston
lawyer, Mr. Bailey, gave an estimate.
Mr. Storey is a leader of the American
bar. He was once president of the
American Bar Association, and for
several years president of the Boston
Bar Association. He is a speaker, pub
licist, historian. He is author of a
life of Charles Sumner and of a me
moir of E. R. Hoar. He is widely
known as an anti-imperialist. His
professional and personal standing is
high, and any statement by him is en
titled to respectful consideration.
"While the Germans are active again
in the West, it is doubtful If any sig
nificance attaches to the new offensive
movement. The Germans have an
elaborate, all but impregnable, line of
intrenchments through the heart of
France, which they need not leave
behind in order to uphold the Teuton
One of the most pathetic figures of
the war is the aged, almost blind and
invalid King of Serbia, an exile from
a devastated and conquered country.
But in his confidence in ultimate vic
tory he is as heroic as King Albert of
Superintendent Alderman's idea of
a school for boy truants has merit.
Under a big man able to do the "whal
ing" he will not find necessary, many
a boy will be saved from the reform
school and develop into a useful citi
zen. The lumber industry is clearing the
market of the honest unemployed after
prohibition had driven out those who
shun employment. Between the two
the street orators have lost their
A newspaperman was held up at
Salem the other night and relieved of
$27. The robber who can locate a
capitalist in the dark should be in
legitimate lines of business.
Some Canadian officials can see
danger in a pretzel. An American
named Koehler is held as a suspect at
Toronto. If the Consul is not busy, he
has a job at hand.
If the United States had only re
tained the old ships it bought during
the Spanish war, it might now have
made a handsome profit on them.
It develops that the Douglas County-
man who is father of twenty-one chil
dren has had more than one wife,
which is sufficient explanation.
By the end of war Great Britain
may be well supplied with airships,
but will be able to find only peaceful
uses for them.
The Umatilla Indians are like many-
white people in their willingness to
use' bridges provided others pay for
Schmidt was electrocuted in Sing
Sing yesterday, but that will not stop
the kind of crime of which he was
V. 1 - sonnet- has been used to
roof buildings in Germany and Austria
n order to provide a reserve tor war.
There is nothing in the opening of
shoe stores since Oregon went "dry."
It is merely a coincidence.
San Diego saw the "choo-choo"
resterdav after a month's rail isolation
caused by the floods.
Stevenson's letters had as much val
ue as many or tne exniDiis in ureacn-
tv, -man nrlnn issues marriaffe li
censes cannot help a roseate view of
Tv.o tiifh -nrice of Conner has in
creased the temptation to steal wire.
Branson was given a life sentence,
but "life" has many meanings.
Rope is becoming expensive, but
the hangman does not worry.
Flshiner is trood near by and tomor
row is a day of "rest."
Pussywillows are out and that means
that Spring is here.
The tags bloom, in the Spring.
Stars and Starmakers
Br Leone Cass Baar.
H TARRIED actress i3 suing her hus-
iVJ. band for a divorce because he
mada her eat off the stove. Well, that's
better than eating out of his hand.
News from New York of lovely Doro
tfly Shoemaker. And, such nice news.
Miss Shoemaker, you know, is Mrs.
Louis Leon Hall in private life, and
their marriage, when both were mem
bers of the Baker stock two seasons
ago, was an event of importance in
local theatrical life. Miss Shoemaker
originated the leading role in "The
Passion Play 'of Washington Square,"
which is at the Orpheum this week.
Mary Servess took Miss Shoemaker's
place because) well, here's the news:J
the stork is hovering over the Shoemaker-Hall
Dorothy Jardon, star at the Orpheum,
belies her photographs, all of which
portray her as a devil-may-care Car
men. "Miss Jardon Is a devout Catholic,
so devout, in fact, that she is a dally
communicant- She attends mass every
morning at the. cftthedral and tells her
beads in church every afternoon after
the matinee. Her dressing-room deco
rations consist mainly of crosses and
crucifixes presented the actress by
priests and prelates. Right over her
mirror is a framed photograph of Pope
Benedict, under which is the pontiffs
Benediction written for the actress at
the beginning of her vaudeville tour.
Cardinal Gibbons also wished Miss Jar
don Godspeed in her vaudeville career
and this message also is framed and
finds place In the prima donna's dressing-room.
Miss Jardon is of Irish,
French and Spanish extraction. "That
accounts for my bump of piety." said
Mis3 Jardon. "My father and, mother
are just as good Catholics as I am and
they reared me Btrictly. The family
has a pew in the cathedral parish in
New York and the Jardons go to church
so often they are like the little light
that burns over the altar they seem
to be there always."
Rennold Wof, in the New York
Morning Telegraph, publishes a letter
received by a metropolitan theatrical
manager in application for a position,
written by Thomas J. McElhaney, selfr
styled comedian, on a gaudy letter
head that bears a synopsis of the young
man's own good opinion of himself.
In bold type the adjective "independ
ent" is stamped above a half-tone por
trait of McElhaney. Other references
to his general qualifications are to be
found in. a border of words, including
"Educated," "Versatile," "Capable,"
"Temperate," "Reliable" and "No asso
ciation with alcohol, narcotics or scan
dal." In San Francisco a Little Theater
is being projected with a repertory
company to present works of noted
contemporary dramatists. Florence
Reed is considering an offer to head
the company. Miss Reed is known to
us in the pictures but better known
as the creator of the role of Illono in
The Typhoon" and of the Russian
girl in "The Yellow Ticket." !
Willard Mack writes so many plays
one can't say which is his newest. But
one of them, "King, Queen, Jack," is
not to be produced until next Fall.
Irene Fenwick is to have the leading
. ' ' .
Henrietta Crossman.is now with the
James K. Hackett-Viola Allen Company.
She is to appear as Mistress Pago in
The Merry Wives of Windsor." Just'
now the Hackett-Allen Company is
playing iljs presentation of "Macbeth"
for a New York production.
Frederick Esmelton is appearing with
Elsie Ferguson in her newest play.
'Margaret Schiller," now at the New
Amsterdam Theater in New York. Fred
eric Esmelton is now the husband of
Mary Hall. Prior to that position he
was onca stasre director for tha Baker
Players and married to Jule Power,
a Portlami girl. Jule is now tha wife
of Edwards Davies, who in his turn
was for several seasons the husband
of Adele Blood. Adele has not re-mar
Eugene Walter is writing a novel
from his play. "Just & Woman." now
running at a New York playhouse.
Mr. apd Mrs. Chauneey Olcott are at
Palm Beach, Fla., for a month's vaca
tion. Upon their return to New York
Chauneey at once is to begin researsals
in the new play George M. Cohan has
Florence Roberts plays the leading
role in "The Eternal Magdalene" com
pany that is to tour the Pacific Coast.
This celebrated San Francisco actress
began her stage work in the Alcazar
Stock Company, her repertoire there in
cluding "Camille," "La Tosca," "Larty
Isabel" and the Shakespearean heroines.
On tour before winning her highest
New York recognition she played Sylvia
in "La Giaconda," "Zaza," "Sapho,"
"Magda. Lady Ursula in "The Adven
ture of Lady Ursula." Nora in "A Doll's
House," Tess in "Tess of the D'Urber
villes." Marta in "Marta of the Low
lands," Peggy in "The Country Girl,"
and the title role in "The Unwelcome
After touring in "Ann Lamont," un
der John Cort's. direction during 1905,
the following year she accepted the
role of Pauline Dnrcy in "The Strength
of the Weak" and achieved complete
success at the Liberty Theater, New
York. Still greater triumphs awaited
her In the revivals of "Jim the Pen
man" and "Diplomacy" and in a num
ber of new productions.
Since Miss Roberts' appearance here
In a stock starring engagement at the
Baker with Theodore - Roberts and
Thurlow Bergen, she has been playing
in stock In Eastern cities.
There's another Florence Roberts
Portlanders like to hear of. She Is the
eharminar woman who Dlaved character
roles with the Baker Players last sea
son. She is now with the Grand Opera
House, Brooklyn, stock company.
Irene Oshler, who played leads for
a while last season, is at the head of a
new stock company recently organized
at the Elsmere Theater in the Bronx,
Speaking of Baker Players, Jimmle
Bliss, who was stage director two sea
sons ago, is with the Poll Players, at
And still another Player, Robert
Gleckler, is playing leads with another
Poll, stock company, at Hartford, Conn,'
POINTS IS ITEBXATIO.AL LAW
Xationa at War Have Stntun of IlelllK
e rents; Brigands Do Sot.
ILWACO. Wash., Feb. 17. (To the
Editor.) (1) I was surprised the dther
day to read that some Germans were
arrested for sending rubber (contra
band) by parcel post to Germany. What
about munitions and unconditional con
traband going to Europe wholesale? I
fail to see any consistency in this.
(2) Knowing there is no embargo on
arms to Mexico, I waa surprised to
read also ab.out Captain Snell, of the
schooner Lucy, being arrested and
charged with violation of neutrality,
carrying a cargo of arms to that coun
try. Now then, I would like to know the
difference between carrying arms to
Mexico and to Europe.
(3) As to the three American soldiers
at home on leave from tho French
army, I still think they ought to he
interned, because fighting for a for
eign country automatically relieves one
of allegiance to the native country.
Consequently they should be considered
Frenchmen and duly interned.
Kindly put me wise in these ques
tions and I shall be thankful.
G. ABEL PATTERSON.
(1) There are certain customs laws
and postal regulations that must bo ob
served in making shipments to either
belligerents or neutrals. In the rubber
ease the shippers violated a definite
statute and pleaded guilty. There is
no legal obstacle to the shipment of
rubber, under proper manifest or dec
laration, to Germany.
(2) American manufacturers are free
to trade with belligerents. Any nation
at war with another nation is a bel
ligerent. In civil wars, insurrections
or rebellions munitions trade with oth
er than the established government of
the country involved is unneutral un
der international law, unless the in
surrectors have been recognized as
belligerents, in- the present status.
Villa, in the eyes of this country, is
but a brigand. The United States rec
ognizes only the Carranza government
and. In theory at least, holds it re
sponsible for the safety of American
lives and property. It would be proper
and legal to demand of Carranza rep
aration for the massacre of 16 Amer
icans at Santa Ysabel. Americans can
legally supply arms only to Carranza.
On the contrary, if the Villistas had
previously been recognized as bellig
erents, Carranza could not be held re
sponsible for the Santa Ysabel atrocity.
Manufacturers fwould also be at liberty
to supply Villa with arms and ammu
(3) We do not recall the circum
stance of the three furloughed sol
CAMAS. Wash., Feb. 17. (To the Ed
itor.) Can one make wine for his own
use under the new prohibition law in
the State of Washington? If so, how
much? My friends say 1 cannot. I have
been doing so for years. u. t . D.
Manufacture of Intoxicating bev
erages Is prohibited by the Washington
law, with no exception made of the
householder who manufactures it for
private use. Also it is unlawful for
a householder to have In his posses
sion more than two quarts of intoxi
cating liquor other than beer or more
than 12 quarts of beer. It is not like
ly, however, that tha prosecuting of
ficers would interfere with a person
who in Summer put up two qparts ot
currant wine, for example, if he had
no other liquors In his possession. But
you would better ask the prosecuting
attorney of your county about that.
DEARY, Idaho, Feb. 18. To the
Editor.) Kindly advise me where I can
get some information on cranberry cul
ture. GEOHGE DRUKY.
Write to the Oregon Agricultural Col
lege. Corvallis, Or.
George W ashington on Preparedness
Just now -when everybody seems to lie talking; nhout preparerlnrsn
it may be refreshing to po bark into the early history of tho
country and see just how our forefathers .stood on the question.
And with Washington's birthday approaching tho views of the
father of our country doubtless will be timely. So The Sunday
Oregonian tomorrow will print an authentic story of the attitude,
of George Washington on "preparedness." It will be supplemented
by newly-gleaned information regarding Washington's ancestors,
and pictures, heretofore unpublished.
ANOTHER PAGE OF POETRY Has your favorite poem- been
printed in The Oregonian? If not, send it in and it. will be spread
upon the pages of the big Sunday paper so that others can read
it and enjoy the sentiments that it expresses. There has been
a general response to the invitation issued by The Oregonian a
few weeks ago to readers of this paper to send in their favorite
poems. Another page of these poems will be printed tomorrow and
CARPENTER ON GLACIERS In his letter tomorrow Frank (I.
Carpenter, who is writing for The Oregonian on Alaska, will
describe some of the wonderful glaciers and ice rivers of the north
ern land. He will present, also, some very interesting pictures.
ANOTHER BILLIE BURKE PAGE Did you read the Billio Burke
page last Saturday? Whether you did or not you will be interested
in a similar feature tomorrow. Miss Burke's beauty has charmed
thousands of theater-goers. In these articles some of her beauty
secrets are confided to Oregonian readers.
UP-TO-DATE FARMING Addison Bennett recently took a trip
through Southern Washington. Tomorrow ho is going to tell some
thing about agricultural progress in our neighboring state.
REAL FLORIDA ABORIGINES People here in Oregon who are fa
miliar with the type of Western Indian socn in these parts
little realize that away down in the far southeastern part of the
United States in Florida dwell the remnants of an aboriginal
tribe which once was one of the most powerful in America the
Serninoles. A traveler recently visited the Seminole camp nnd
wrote a story of his experiences and his observations for The
Sunday Oregonian. It will appear tomorrow with illustrations.
BIRSKY AND ZAPP ON" RUSSIAN BALLETS There is nothing
under the sun that Birsky and Zapp the colloquial philosophers
created by Montague Glass will not talk about and pass their
opinion on. This time they tackle the Russian ballet and its moral
tone. It's characteristically funny. Read it tomorrow.
SARA MOORE'S PICTURES Are you watching the series of pic
tures from life drawn for The Oregonian each week by Sara Moore?
She has a true insight into some of the complexities of life and
knows how to express herself in pictures. Every picture is a story.
NEW FACTS ABOUT WASHINGTON MONUMENT Much interest
ing history is connected with the towering Washington memorial
monument. Some of the little known data concerning the tall shaft
will be printed in tomorrow's Oregonian also some new pictures.
MOVING PICTURE NEWS In this department will appear tho
usual information on the moving picture field in general as well
as on the situation in Portland and vicinity.
DONAHEY'S PICTURES All the children are reading Donahey's
fairy tales every week and viewing his inimitable pictures with
great delight. A new set will appear tomorrow.
ADDITIONAL ATTRACTIONS Other Sunday features will be:
Sporting news, dramatic, society, women's clubs, churches, real es
tate and automobiles, besides numerous special stories of timely
In Other Days
Twenty-live Yeara An.
From The Oroonian of February 19. 1M.
Within the vast week a M-orn ot
large families havu registered at down
town hotels from various pulnts
throughout the Middle Went, all of
whom intend to become On gonians.
They are the advance euurd ot llio Im
mlarrHtlon that 1h poing to pour Into
Merlins conducted by Urn Hognn nt
the Immanuel Baptist Church in South
Fortlnnd are largely attended and of
The athletic entertainment Kiven at
the Armory under the auspices of Com
pany !, Orecon National tluarrt, last,
evening proved a pleasing innovation
ir. the rounds of public amusement.-.
Approximately 1500 people were pres
ent. Henry Cabot Iidaje has a sweet
tooth and four or five timex day he
sends a pace out from the House of
llepresentatives to buy home caramels.
Dr. J. Weatherford started East Inst
evening to be gone two or three weeks.
The congregation of the Plymouth
Congregational Church gave h sociable
at the rhurch, corner of Fourteenth
and E streets. Tuesday evening. Thn
following persons participated in the
exercises: Miss Mamie Howard, 1. Krl
ser. Miss tlray. Miss Smith. Laura
Howard, Margaret MeCloud. Lydia Mc
Corklo and Annie lierrluger.
Messrs. Campbell end Swiftert. of thn
Willamette UridKft Railway Company,
who sometimo since purchased the sys
tem of tho Transcontinental Railway
Company, have leused ground from
Governor Pennoyer near his mill In the
south end, on which they will erec t a
plant to furnish power to operate the
Hnlf a fmtnry Ado.
From The Oreconlan of I'Vhriinrv IP, I Slit.
J. II. Douthit. president-elect of the
board of managers of the State Agri
cultural Society, prcsi'lcil t the meet
ing at Salem last week. i -n motion.
G. W. Hunt, of Sublimity: McFherson,
of Albany, and E. M. Walte, of Salem,
were elected to the hoard. C. It. ilurk
hart was elected vlce-pre ident In place
of John Barrows, resigned. The report
of Treasurer J. H. Moores was read.
The London Star remarks on the fact
that the United States in settlinn: It si
recent rebellion should have hit upon
as leaders two men drawn from the
industrial ranks, Abraham Lincoln, a
railsplitter, ami Andrew Johnson, a
In Knelaiid it is reported that Parlia
ment will be asked to suspend tho writ
of habeas corpus ir Ireland, to give
the government power to deal with
Tho bill of Senator Morrill, of Maine,
placing the government of the I.Hstrlct
of Columbia in the hands of Congress
is now before the Senate district com
mittee. 1T. C. Gardner, warden of the peni
tentiary in this city, has perfected a
new Invention for shackling prisoners
which he sent East to patent.
Fire Chief T. ("I. You was presented
with a mugnlficent lite hat and hell
by company No. 3 lust Saturday eve
ning. Mr. ,.lnd Held Justified.
PORTLAND, Fib IS. (To the F.di-
tor.) "Throwing pearls before swine
expresses loo mildly the indignity of
being forced to contribute entertainment
to such an unapprocl.-itiv gathering as
that at the tea given at Hotel Portland
by the Visiting Nurte Association. Mr.
Wnldemar Lind would have been justi
fied in nuining during his first solo.
Silelio, if not comprehending listen
ing, long "go became the law in polite
Encores solicited merely us an ac
companiment to chatter, nro Insults to
the reelnirnts. IN'l'lGX M'i'K.