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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 15, 1916)
TITI. MOTIVING OREGOXIAS. TUESDAY, FEBRUARY" 15. 191G.
Ejiir.t mt r"f"'l iiria rwtaffle
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tunti a-iaea a rr
etifMrff r a
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la a , o-a. ean'a " - ' 1 -
a. Ji4& r'-a
Un Wiim Oen-V.r-aa "'
a c,-.,. '.. N.ill-i. -
-'-io -ar,-aaaita:l.a. K. J. H.-laa.u
w a - . ateaat
ArMuiiiu iTr.'THxt. ln.
la t.e f:rt rrte cml'.irc Grmar
t- tceur.t fir t!ie I.uittU d!j;-
Vr U t . upht J lntrrli4tUral U
la tt t lunivH'i'et nnottattoae re-
ftriir.f the Lut'rU anj eirniUr out
Tf he h- b' t.hly departSr.;
frm it. Germany ha kUd rthlr
e t. rrnmue rrpration and to
tn.!i' t hi.rror of It method
rl a.jt wrfr. It ;'! maintain
t t !'- mtrtho"! are lawful an.i It
rrm -i r .f :y rta-e t a!rmt that thry
ere urirnl. Ii h ' eff-'M t. rach
a a.tt:mnt n.l to at4 a" ti
hr!r it" ;rmny. tSe tTr14r
1m noi rirt. l tse p' tifis'n
l-x'irt r.f aftrfnp'ir ! fin.J r
tel frriu'j hj hl. h lifrrrnr can
a.'-ni' tNa.e lf rnfi.iurt a. liruwf'it
(i.'.rjt utirt te wi'T'l -urUwful'
an ii,mi cMitrlrr ! make the
a im!i n IU thM to crier lha
a r,,rrtmrBt Which he a-Taed Of
;.fi- a !mT-tirr Brtn.-lpla
!mni'y mlc'il nt b humlliafed In
trie eca "f ire p-op'.
ir ; : t ;rmny hiit about
rrtukl fofmuU an.t k that, in
i.ration mf ") r-e"i
mar m. th rrral'ant
.,..1 !w t"i.i mrhnl ele
'mil nrrr arn.e purrty for IVfrn..
rit1.-..il f.rfit!n t rlfht to m-
"MBitT fnm .immary tf trtji-tln
tf he oiili mia thle ronfi-m he
noII hdn.t.ia thr haU- prlrrlple
t. linn M.-r he h . rild In the con-
trry lsrn with Urmar. and
?'.r?tain That pnirlfl l tht a!l
h!'il'r'ntii are bound t chaere In-
i.r fio-it 1 w m It etttd hn
.r ttn. tht B one or more bl
t ern" hi tlr own dvrre hae a
r-rrit to rhre tht U: that
c"i.ae can Uwfarty he ma le or.ly hy
l.e corrmn ron.wrt cf n'l rtl'r.
re-itril wr(j ae bt!:-rrt. If th.
rrnt'i'rt ehuuld carry out hU pre
eat purpo. irmarjr w:M he free
t charite t?ie rIe roTercine; war
e thr on Und or eea. without fcrlnC
h:d account .hte f r rori d ne to
lie"!C"-rnt or rutr!. combatant
or eon-comhatante. It could no loncer
bo ht! -cour.ab! In the cuncll
of nation f'r the mi-ree at if
f r the ;rwtti In ftrlelum. "rnc.
I'nUtJ an.l 5-r&!. wit whl h It l
riarej-d. Austria rould f"t hU
u,'ronnuMi f"r the ni-iae crc with
M.'k !rM chari It. Turkey
would h nnnMl'l fr"m blame for
f-.e ma.-r cf SI. Armer.tat;e
I rltala and I'r tmo "'iM he fre to
rranrt to "V mrw-irM thry rha to
reirT BMtrl cummrre wtth St
iritr and Am'rta. The only rretrlrt
r-mn-lr.t opoa ay of the hetnerrrnt
retione would be the will of their
r ilerw and th fear that earTtd
rntrl.t riM Like op arme rtnt
t"ien. .:t rntae wentl e eurnded.
tr hetl.rnt couU e'teenj
i:im at ire op'too.
The ntrt p.wre hate rt'iralt)
preteeted aru.t lr Wtt.on- pr-
pae. f"r their nrmie would ba the
r-itr h-r.ff, (jrlee. T few rut
wotil.J re!l" (rrrt one of the rle
ef war tnoa trrr weapone of their
mem! whN-h aro week, f vr 4tfrn
a- ! troef only for offen.-e the -:h-n
arlaee. In th Irtt rote on the
t.rteitanla, tlifa My I J. IIJ. th
f"retdnt e.id. 1
M41ffl aaamiaa h.-a li prmrt .-at 1
..a.tt.!r er p;.'v:e -ihrnarna la ta
t mla " fal-aaaa. a. -tt-a
'I &anifti'f "l-t ar'r.lw.a r-
ee im-vw le ta ftfa.-'t,
a ft! f'e !' ft.-afa mt a at "a fwa la
h-i faiaara on-l a--. I pfa -1 1--. . !-
p-.aa- f ir lflm maaa e P"lla h.
tf lae r.ftlol ftm e P-i-
taart at tar. fa. rx! l''Wl
(..-- af It
a-e )e a am ' a.eia
Wlaa'' a-laaa imM fca aal
lftlar -.f Km, t fa Waca
I, a. a iA-a l'n'i a tn-.l'aMa -aflon
.-ra.J rin. . -a a jKatle B4
h iTtaal' T.
In that po'e th rrfa,i.lnl eld he
wn.tid p. it "omit any worl or anjr act"
min to mintin thiee prtn Iptae
hitice tft.t ..( w x written the effect
.( ail h: wrU and act hae beao
t faci'-'ite th ua of euhtnartnee In
r. t t a It hat tr.dinff the fact lat all
i -laei'j'rt auftmartne ept"t hae
.rf.r-r. I tKe truth) of the etatemar.t
a . hxo q io'-L Py rort!tiu;n to
n inta!.. that "-!t-nirlnee cannot be
uw t aainet marrhentman without
ii!.tt;n of prin. -Iptae of Jostle acd
jmirltT h w.utt h remained
ef.fr r ofi' il-'li'liM of tew by
the rotante aUic w:i ae by the
T.:ii..n p.wrt. tty arulri the ijuee.
ti.-rr a"! by ronredlrc p"lrt Bfler
t .int. h a ctrd the war fott'er
r.: ny ju.j Aopvrt- to a.Iort their new
-i'a .f inkln defended merchant
e.upe without Warrln liy ocwnl.
l-r t that rtxte he tn Teuton
f-e t. make r fjrthar rute-e they
lic. ant n "t their er.rtr.te free
t .! I!kt.
tl I rot t be eKpevtrl that th
ri lante powr wi;l refrain from e
. r- ntr.c the eame right to retaliation
f r the treat awjUm t thu in to
the Teuton br th ry Nation iirt
whi-n th Te'it.in hare committed
tne m t TacTast outrage. And they
!- tt powrr. They now par for
t n-C'ntrband vod lied by them:
it may eorflacat au.-h iKdi They
reiaaee Beutrat h!pa of whlh more
than h;f the crt la non-ontra-Wrd
ther may ronflrt thoee ehlp.
Tr mar tthtn up their rtrtrt!on
i. ii tra.!e with couctrie cor.tijou to
f.fr-nin. They may forbid hlp un-!-r
retr Taja to rarry any f'Vd
fro- tM country except foch aa they
.'ea -,. Th-ey may rrtpplo cur
rr- fierce with etiter teutra: by for
ri their hlr to carry It. Thl
w. tt mtertaltr Impair onr eom
i with Sooth. Amn- and with
. ,. .r ra-t of th world. They rnlfht
l'i frr(Mren on e.tp'rt from their
r,...r''i ti thl country cf macy
r--'.ar roromoijiije. W ahoi'.d
l'ja ,lf-l r to -. f'r. hln eet
ttttziAZ) CJ to tnea oU ruca.
should h conceded lo Ger
many's miniM th una freedom.
If th entente powers adopted the
method Grmnjr woulj rort to rw
form of frKhtfuln-M In rprtl. TT.
ru!- of ctnluK-J warfro would jr4
uajr b dmriT4. and PrraMcnt Wll
. ?Xr fcarlnf poi ttM th Cham
rioo of humanity, would h In lh
PradoxlrJ po!tloo of hr1n aided
lb world descent lo the depth oX
11 Au 11.
Woodrow Wl'jon Is "entirely un
winirc to enter Into ley contest for
the iTealdentlal nomination of th
Democratic party." but h la entirely
wtuir.a; that any ortaaliatlon or
rroup or Individual may enter Into th
cor.teet In hi behalf. It Is mere
uphemtam to aay that Wilson's letter
to the Secretary of Stat for Ohio is
anything- hut a formal declaration of
hi candidacy. Of rotin h had n-
! nounced definitely his course In h".i
letter to Mitchell Palmer. In February.
lil. bernr he had entered upon his
r.rt torm. But for prudential reason
a latter written by Wilson so that "th
public mtcht hare a frank statement
it hi views." was carefully put away
In cold storsc for threw years, o that
the public tnichl not know.
It I well now to bo reminded that
th Iemocratlc platform of 1913 con.
tain-d the followmc p!edfer
We far a elnclo IhrreHlontUI term,
oil to iluac rfwl ars tlxe adopt ioo of
an a mrmlmrnl lo ine inqMiinima
makins lt hrnl-n of the I nlted
Mam InHislbtc for rtwclrrt ton ; and
Mr pUnlo Hrr rmmliilatr of hl con
rniHei la I 111 riiNik.
It U welt aleo to recall the cloelne
paracraph of thai drt l.ed and Imorcd
drTimer.t. a fil!or
Ot rtatraeiaj aee nt r-"c?;.a ajht.fl
as sa!la.a la h .aeat!at t "Uf attna:
mm tare One eaealeea eea Waaa la mm Sep
aa alrwa aa well mm relaeal
Isat ke eeapwla.
A notheT aeraw of fatief
If it he sail thst Wall street A-d
atl lis a.orite benefu lary plutocrat!,
pari'ltr. prlileEe.aeekct. munition
brtro". tck-Joboer and r.llrod-
wre.-kcr are i.ppeaed to tto iotfir
mall a of II r. lirandel a. J'letico of
the t'ri'ed taten hriprrmo I'ourt. I"
II b wid an. I known ! that every
So. ult-t. anarchol. radical, revolu-
tinii.t. eibotiat. ur-ttcr. helt-raier
nl nion ke -w reocn thrower I for
him. It t nt rteetraMo to hue cither
CTnitn (rjae. or pUiate.! It I il
airable th4l a Justice of ny court be
j i.t a fr aa po-aiblo rem.nrd from
tmpalhy with either esirerw. The
Supreme Co art Is r o puje for propa-
narJijiie. nor should the ermine be
ld by any taml of political barter
or prr-.or.al rewar.J in any appoini
mect. It enull be Irrtereetins to hear from
the lirandel ehoufr who want the
"balance"' pre.erve. by h: election to
the beni.h. what th SaiTrme Court
hi said or don for Wall street that
need corree-t!.n or modification.
What will Urandels do for t"- court
that It ha not thrvuxh tho )rsr been
able to do for te!f?
A remarkable fe it tire of th Hrsn-
dei appointment Is that It so riotorl
oualy and shockmtly Ignores P re-re.
der.l. Terhare that I one rf twin why
it H received with so unar.lrnou a
howl of acxiAint from certain familiar
voice They thir.K little or prececni
and want th Supreme C"ourt chanfed.
What practu-e. or opinion, or dee-i-ioo
of the court within a generation Is
Kvery member of the present court
except Hughe and MrKeno.U was
jitdge prior to appotntnirnl a
uilga( riot m promoter of t;jeorica. oor
creator of sedition, nor a disturber
of Institutions. Lurton. Van DeVan
ter. Umar (deceased!. Titner. all
l i''re. and Herhee. r.ovemor. rtate.
man. profeaaor of law In Columbia
an.T eminent citizen, are the Tsft ap
lmtee McKenna. Ilotrne and
Ii. all Judges, aro Roosevelt ap-
Hut President tlson sppointo.i
MvUe mMds to the ben-h from Ms
n Cabinet, and row he names
Iirandela. who has been associated
with sundry Government proeocution.a.
Ieart' the Preidenl has not In'e nded
o f.Uow the rule mad by hi Imme
diate rre-lece-eor. Put that doe not
rtptaln the extraordinary nature of
either appointment Mr ItrynoMjt. who
as Attorney. General sought to hold
up and set a.tde the Igc-Cvnilnettl
Mte slave prosecution, and sneering-
ty said, when the fr.lted State Attor
ney fT California re.ngne-1 becau he
a prevented bv Mclleynold from
!..nc hi plain d-itr. that there wns
niw one les Republican In office";
an I no-ar llrandru.
If lirandels. why hot Clarence par-
row 7 lie. too. woun g;ve ine i-u-
preti Court mirh "needed leaven.
tti a roorT roix.iovi.
What l th poorest profession In
America? rverr dlscmntlcd protes-
lonal mao wt'.l Insist that hi own Is
atitled to first place sin- It Is a
welt-known characteristic of profes
sional men to bemoan their choice.
Jut If ail th evidence were weifhed
we suspect mat ine majority voie
would fj.lt In favor of Rev. George T.
Ivowlir.g. D. Da who protests that th
mt.-.!try I But only the rooreet pro-
eeaioo of a!!, but Is one that a. I
houid fight clear of unless they adopt
In a spirit f sel.'-sacrtflce rather
han with ambitious hope of carving
out a career.
Dr. Dww.lnc analyre th hard lot
f the preacher In an article In the
current Churchman and reache the
conclusion that from a prudential
Int of view It Is about Ih poorest
Investment of time and money on can
make. Long years of preparation-
he same period required to become
doctor. Iwjr or business egpert
must be roi.owej py years oi iran e-
letenc In sm lor.eiy church while
proutmg ecclesiastical wing. Kven
If the preacher wins marxeu succces
nl proves fo be a man of profound
nyniailtty and capacity, how small Ms
tarda In romrarlion with
tho-e Cf Other portutts!
i.Urr pall ary Christian minister In
the L'nlted State Is said to be f IS. 000
a year, while men In other professions
who recelv five or ten times that
amount are without number. Th av
erage salary of the American preacher
la ftij a )ear. which i l'ia than th
wag of a mechanic. '
An eminent preacher once observed
that a man wilt pay 0 rents on th
dollar to sat his property. (0 cents
to save his llf and 10 rent to save
his sou I. . Which Is a fairly accurate
formuta. This being the case. It is
dirri'-nll to foresee a greater future
for th preachers unle the worldly
can be taught to place a greater
monetary vst te upon the soul. Unless
the ' preacher Is fortunate enough to
win financial ease through patrimony
or matrimony he Is doomed to pass
ttroujH U: on a meager rtt-xa. "It
or.ly condition." concluded Dr. Dow
line, 'that can redeem th profession
from slavery Is th spirit which leads
on to chocs It as a s.-icrtru inl office
and to lor It cot for what ho cn
ret out of It. but for what h can put
Exactly so. And whil that Is a
beautiful spirit, and on which will
sets upon the few who are irlfled with
hie heat Ideals of service, a more sub
stantial reward for preachers should
serv to en Ilt a more substantial abll
il'and a h!cher standard of service.
Th bn ich tet men are not always th
the kKK of AnrrvnRE.
The lamentable fate of two young
canoeists who were drowned In the
Willamette River while running- Rock
Island Rapids Is a warning? to others
not to take unnecessary risks through
mere ov of adventure. The daring
young men undertook a hazardous
feat when the river was In flood and
at a season when they must have been
more or le-a encumbered with heavy
clothing. Their chances of eex-apo f
thrown Into th water were decreased
both by the roldneaa of the water and
by the weight of their clothing.
The 'm-my drownings of canoeists
In the Columbia and Willamette rivers
and on the ocean beach tell only too
emphatically that the canoo is a dan
gerous craft. It Is safe only when
carefully and skillfully handled. Many
are careleea through over-confidence
in their skill. Ileglnnera at paddling
should be the more careful on account
of their lack cf skill, but acnulMtlon
of skill does not Justify abandonment
of care. A good ' swimmer, lightly
clad In Summer, mar properly take
chances In mrnwl h and even In rough
water which he should not take In
Winter, when danger is gTratly en
hant-ed by rough, rapid water which
chills and numbs the limb and when
he.TVy clothing cramps one" move
ments and weighs on down.
No healthy, vigorous man can be
expected to refrain from sport becaue
it Involve a certain decree of risk. Ho
should, however, carefully draw the
tin between daring and foolhardlness.
lie ehotild not take extreme rika of
death for the Joy of achievement and
ad'-entnrr. for the sufficient reason
that the game l rot north the risk.
Tlio plan outlined to .ho Chamber
of Commerce by Glenn K. H-isted for
disposition of the Oregon ct C.illfonila
land grant Is a proposal o cut the
knot lnsteti.1 of untying it. It Implies
the assumption that ther Is to be
further litigation In any event. It
therefore Is b.i"od on the proposition
th-il the iKisatlon shall be over the
proceed from the salo of tho Innds
rather than over th lands themselves.
In brief the lands would be sold ns
nearly as might be In accordance with
the terois of the grant, except that
the timber would be sold at the mar-
laet value. The money thus acquired
would be placed In escrow pending: a
final determination of the Irgtil ques
tion remaining unsettled.
The plan hns the advantages that
It would put the land to Industrial
use and re-tore them to full taxation.
aithouEh litigation might be carried
on for a number of years; Its disad
vantage U that the public schools or
the roads or the other public benefits
which hope to profit from the sa!e
of the grant would be denied for
long period the use of their share of
There Is question as to the oppor-
liifieiYe.s of the plan. Whllo It may
be conceded that putting the I inds to
ue and the restoration of them to the
lav. rP.s are the chief considerations.
from Oregon'a standpoint. It would
still bo much mors acccplahlo If the
whole controversy could be settled
once and for all. If a compromise on
the basis of the Chamberlain bill, as
suge'sted by Attorney-General Greg
ory. had already been attempted and
had failed, then a temporary expedl
ent u b as this could be mora prop
erly considered. Oregon cannot hope
to accomplish much by endorsing; two
The Chamberlain bill disposes of
tho lands, dlspnevs of the proceeds.
and It disposes of litigation If the At
torney - General's suggestion bears
fruit. Mr. Husted's plan merely dis
pose pf the land. Probably, under Its
provtulons. an act of Congress would
be necessary to confirm title to tim
ber land sot.!; later moro leg1!allon
would be needed to dispose of the pro.
reel not awarded In lltig-ntlon to the
The logical course, under the cir
cumstances, seems to bo to take no
action on Mr. Htmted's suggestion, but
lo keep It in mind pending further
developments. To endorse it now or
urge It now. In the face of another
attempt at settlement likely to be un
dertaken by the Government, would
be equivalent to letting; the railroad
ace the cards, while It kept Its own
rr.mosAGE amd rcn.uAijnrji.
Word comes from Detroit that
He'nry Ford has not yet run out of
peace Plans. Which, we take It. is an
other way of saying that he has not
t run out of spare cash. He Is un
daunted, although his expedition of
old ladles of both sexes ended In
series of fights which were distin
guishable from tho-e In the trenches
only by the absence of bloodshed.
Henry Is to make a second Journey.
Only this time ho Is going to be more
carrful as to the personnel of the
party. II says he will Invite person-
alltle rather than personages.
Just what shade of distinction
Henry places upon the terms Is not
Immediately clear. l!ut If he termed
those, of the lust expedition person
ages, then Henry must mean that he
la going In for blue-ribboned peace
propagandists next time. Ilryan. Doc
Jordan. Norman Angcil and young
Itapgood. for example. If that is hb
Idea, then Henry Is destined to find
out that there are worse thing than
quarrel In the world. For there is
not one of those distinguished expo
nents of a vacuous drenm but finds
the greatest Joy of existence under
the lurid glare of the spotlight. Henry
should remember that he Is a person
agea manufacturer of automobiles
who has little to recommend him to
a thinking world except an excessive
quantity of gold coin.
When Mr. Ford sets salt with those
personattllea he will find each and
very on of them assigning to him
th post of second violin In the peace
orchestra. And If It should so happen
by species of coincidence that the
peace ship were covering about when
the war concluded Its natural course
he would find himself shorn of any
of the credit for success which a co
Incidence might provide.
Young America Is sVnart and 'sassy"
at times, but upon occasion Is quick
witted and brave. For example: The
two 14-jrear-old bo at r.oslja who
rushed Into a burning; house and res
cued two children overlooked by their
mother are the kind of lads upon
which the country Is proud to depend.
rLAXXIM) THE GARDES.
Now Is the time when tho provi
dent and competent amateur gardener
commences his season's work. Not
by spading- up the back yard, since
that Is a process reserved for early
April, but rather by planning; the
campaign which Is to keep the family
supplied with fresh vegetables In the
coming; Summer. What shall he raise
this season? What should make u
the second crop and the third? Only
the roost wasteful gardener plans
idr.gle crop, and only tho most In
competent seeks to maintain his
backyard garden on a hit or miss
Before spade Is touched to. soil the
amateur should know exactly what
he Intends to do with the little space
that has been reserved for a garden
in the rear of the house. How many
rows of lettuce will be required for
the family and how many rows
onions and radishes? If this is care
fully estimated the family will have
enough variety. Not too much but
Just enough. The family which puts
out too much of a particular vege
table will be surelted during; the sea
son without sufficient allowance for
other vegetables. If extra ground Is
available It should bo planted In pO'
tatoes or cabbage or some other
vegetable which can be kept for later
These are matters that require the
most careful planning; and study. Th
subject of second and third crops re
quires particular foresight. The back
yard garden is no longer a Jest.
produces millions of dollars' worth of
produce every year." There are thou
sands of families in the state and tens
of thousands In tho country at large
that never spend a penny for free
vegetables In season. Aside from th
saving the amateur gardener gets a
Immense return In healthful exercise
In tho open air. rot to mention the
fact that hi products have a fresh
ness acd quality which can not be
duplicated In the market.
The robbers who havo been holdin
up tho Japanese In the eastern end of
this County are disclosed to be boy;
of Z 0 and one hns a wife with a child
"necks old. He avers ho stole to
provide food for his wife, and moro
than likely Is telling the truth". How
to nunish such a man Is one of the
problems that face a Just Judge and
a sympathetic Jury.
An Austrian aeroplane raided an
Italian settlement, damaging a church
and a hosfltal and killing a number
of women nnd children. Humanity
rhould call those vultures off. They
contribute nothing to the outcome of
the war and hence their operations
are those of authorized murderers.
Onco more the men who thought
thev could cross ahead of a limited
train are among those who were. The
accident happened nenrTacoma, but
may bo repcatea anywnerc.
Wilson is fighting to retain party
leadership. There are many sagacious
Republicans jivho w ill wish him well
on tho theory that, next to Bryan, he
Is the easiest man to beat.
Canadians who fear German Inva
sion from the United States need to
read up on history. The story of the
Fenfan raid half a century ago
Senator line's bill to let Indians
manago Indian affairs -will get as far
as a pigeonhole. The aboriginal Is a
child of nature and a white man's
One-term planks in a Democratic
platform aro put thero for the noise
they make. To be sincere a pianK
must "deplore." "oppose" or "depre
Did you send your friend a comic
valentine depicting his peculiarities In
a way that makes him reach for the
ax when h receives it.
A larmer In Douglas County is the
father of twenty-one children, the
youngest 12 years old. Possibly
enough was enough.
Wilson went to sea to select a suc
cessor to Mr. Garrison. Ho Is usually
to be found at era when some great
Portland Is recovering Its record as
a livestock market. Jlogs vefterday
were quoted, second highest of the
New York and Philadelphia have
all the bitterness, but not the glory,
of a silver thaw. That belongs to
Portland alone. ,
Nobody believes the vicious slings
at CommMoncr Llghtner except
those who want to believe them, and
they are few.
Manufacture of potato flour In the
United States shows that the Germans
havo taught u a new use for the
Population figures show that the
West and Northwest are growing most
rapidly. And they ve barely com
Congress will now hasten defense
legislation. If for no other reason
than to get around to tho pork barrel.
The repeated explanations of neu
trallty by Greece betray sensitiveness
as ta tho opinion of Europe.
Italy may be yelling for a separate
peace soon, now mat .Austrian aero
planes are shelling her.
The Republican hosts are getting
together and the Democratic remnants
are splitting asunder. '
Some S9.000 Belgians were given
shoes through American bounty. That
Is real humanity.
If Germany want an option on a
Nicaragua Canal route she must see
Uncle Ssm first.
The West Is growing faster than
the East because the stork has the
The bonehead continental army has
been assigned to the boneyard.
Did anybody ever suppose Wilson
would lot co of a good thing?
Anyway, tho backbone of Winter Is
Oa to Paris!
Taat la Tread of Law's Frosreaa aa
Seea by Jadge Ileaneaay Murphy.
PORTLAND, Feb. 14. (To the Ed
Itor.) Brother L. B. Smith opines "that
the Oregon system Is founded on the
theory of distrust; distrust of public
men. distrust of public Institutions, dis
trust of the Legislature, distrust of the
electorate Itself." and he might add
distrust of married men. for there can
be no democracy of married men who
do not respect the inalienable rights of
a democracy of married women, and 1
would like to see U'Ken and Barzee
and Os West and Coulter aid Alf Crldge
and Sheldon and Tufts and others,
strong men and true patriots, subject to
the purgatory of birth pains once a
year for 14 consecutive years; it would
no doubt purify their minds and direct
their splendid and energetic patriotism
to the true functions of government and
the painful lasues of the hour.
The Oregon system grants the right
of the state to regulate private con
duct, which it does in the matter of
the contractual relations, of social
economy, in the matter of drink and
presumably in the matter of workdays
and restdays and more a-coming.
Once granted this right in the state.
Icannot for the life of me see how you
or any of you can refuse the state the
right to interfere In every single do
mestic affair, even In such delicate mat
ters as child bearing. Law In the last
analysts is more or less a curbing of
the individual Instincts for the sake of
the good of the many, and it's about
time the men folks did a little more of
the curbing. The women have us over
a barrel; go to It, sisters; long lire
the "initiative and referendum."
J. HENNESSY MURPHY.
That l etter-Writing Campaign.
Detroit Free Press. '
Boomers of the Pacific Coast do well
when they attract the tourist and the
slght-seer. Yonder in the hills lie many"
Swltzerlands which outvie Switzerland,
Kivers which excel the French and
Italian Riviera, Palestines which are
better far than the land the Crusaders
sought to free from the yoke of the
Infidel. Ceylon isles are there where
man is less vile than in the original
Ceylon. All these are part and parcel
of the American Republic, a priceless
part of the heritage of this Nation. He
who travels and has not seen these re
gions, who has not been touched by
their charm, felt their appeal to Na
tional pride snd consciousness, who
has not heard the call of the mountain
and the whisper of tne luring desert, is
not half an American, has not come
Into a tithe of his heritage. Is missing
feast of eye and soul not to be found
elsewhere on earth by any real Amer
Only when East and West and North
and South go a-vislting to one anoth
er's homes, only when Americans cease
to be provincial and become really con
tinental in their National pride, only
when they become temperate enough
In Judgment to give due allowance for
local boaatfulness and are able to think
of sections without sectional Jealousy,
will there exist on the American con
tlnent a really unified Nation.
Let's get acquainted.
Portland la F.nterprialnu.
Philadelphia Public Ledger.
The city of Portland. Or., is more re
sourcrful than was the great Mahomet.
Ion have read that when the moun
in refused to move over to where
the prophet was encamped, the prophet
went to tho mountain.
Not everybody goes to Portland. Not
everybody can. In these days of no free
passes, pay the railroad fare to get
here. Nor can Portland run around
the country visiting.
So what does proud Portland do? It
has had its "picture took." beautifully
colored, and moving, too. and It is send
ing this motion photo of Itself all over
Enterprise? Indeed, yes! Portland
banks upon the fact that aroused curi
osity -will send a stream of tourists
and new business to the metropolis of
Fishing for trade with attractive
movies as the bait is a new thing. But
as that prince of anglers, Izaak Wal
ton, said: "Doubt not but angling will
prove to be so pleasant that it will be,
like virtue, a reward to itself."
Iwventors la !Ve Danger.
MAPLETON. Or.. Feb. 11. (To the
Editor.) Suppose I have a device to
patent and I send a sketch of the same
o one of these attorneys to get his ad
vice and see If it can be patented. Now
what Is there to protect me if he says
It is no good and can't be patented any
way. and then turns It over to a friend
and he goes halves with the attorney
and has It patented snd they both make
a lot of money off from my idea?
Patent lawyers are hot likely to be-
ray a client, because tney tnereoy sud-
Ject themselves to possible prosecution
and disbarment, and for the further
reason that a patent does not protect
person In the face of proof that he
has stolen the Idea.
Depends on Contract.
PORTLAND. Feb. 14. (To the Edi
tor.) If a telephone Is out of order
for several days tsay two weeks) by
reason of the silver thaw or for any
other reason for which the subscriber
is not to blame can the telephone com
pany require full payment for the
time? In other words who carries the
risk of damages to poles and wires?
I pay S4 for monthly service and my
phone has been out of order for the
ast ten days. AN EAST SIDER.
Ordinarily no, in the absence of a
contract to the contrary. Read your
contract with the telephone company.
Security for Allied Loan.
PENDLETON". Or., Feb. IS. (To the
Editor.) (1) What security did France
and England give for the J500.000.0UO
(I) Did the German embassy Inform
Emperor William that 75 per cent of
he American people were against
Germany? A NEW SUBSCRIBER.
(1) None beyond the general good
faith and solvency of the British and
C) There have been only reports to
that effect, but no confirmation is pos-
Divorce In Iowa
PORTLAND. Feb. 14. (To the EdI
or.) If the defendant is a resident of
Iowa and plaintive lives in Oregon, to
et a divorce against defendant in
owa. must plaintive appear there in
If he Institutes the suit in Iowa he
must appear. He may, however, acquire
residence In Oregon in on year and
Where to Buy Microscope.
OREGON CITT, Or.. Feb. 13. To the
Editor.) Kindly tell me where I can
uy a good microscope for experi
WILLIAM ETH ELBERT.
Bausch & Lomb microscopes are
available either at J. K. Gill, or Kllham
' A Count la Crlbbage.
PORTLAND. Feb. 14. (To the Ed
itor.) Please settle question In crlb-
aire. A. plays -4, B. plays 4 ana counts
for pair; then A. play 4 and counts
for pair royal: then B. plays 3 and
ounts 3 for li-z: tiion a. piays o.
What should A. count7
C EL. AND.
A. should -outit 3 for a run of t.
I.tTERFCRE.VCG I ALL
AJVTI-BOOSEVELT. AT ANY PRICE
Republican Declare He Will Never
Vot for One Who Knifed Party.
SEATTLE, Wash., Feb. 14. (To the
Editor.) In The Oregonian, February
9. you sk, "Is there a Roosevelt wave?"
There seems to be a large coterie of
politicians and of the most practical,
idealless sort who would like to cause
the people to believe that there is a
demand for Roosevelt for President.
Yet those same calculating, office
chasing politicians would do well
calculate that there are hundreds
thousands, not to say millions, of Re
publicans who believe the Cv O v.
principles are not to be knifed in on
campaign by disappointed personal
hope and hugged in the next going-to
the-country for the sake of a patched
In other words, legion are the Re
publicans who agree with ex-President
Taft, that it is the duty of Republican
to defeat Roosevelt this year if they
have to throw the election to the Dem
ocrats. The present writer is proud to
acknowledge himself in full agreemen
with this expression of Judge Taft.
(You doubtless remember that he voiced
that sentiment in one of his Saturday
Evening Post articles.)
"They enslave their children's chll
dren, who- make compromise with sin,'
said America's deepest poet; and there
are doubtless thousands of old Union
veterans who fought and yelled thel
way to victory at Gettysburg And at
Appomattox who would consider.it
"compromise with sin" to support fo
the Presidency a man who had knifed
the party from selfish motives be
cause he couldn't be "it." as he prom
IseS to be when told that a compromis
candidate would be nominated in 191
by the party.
Hughes will be nominated on th
third or fourth ballot possibly on th
second but falling that Wilson wi
undoubtedly get many more Republica
votes than he did in 1912.
Aa a Republican for the principles o
the party and not on account of th
merits of candidates loyal candidates
If you please the writer hopes that th
party will this year nominate a ma
like Root or Hughes, but if what seem
psychologically impossible and Roose
velt s nomination should come, th
writer would unhesitatingly place hi
ballot where it would aid the mos
promising opponent of the Republica
candidate. And it seems that the num
her of such voters would far outru
the proportions of a corporal's guard.
S. ROSS PARKER.
GOOD THIG FOR SELFISH HEX
Writer Tells of Family Where Hlrth
Control Scenta to Be Needed.
PORTLAND, Feb. 14. (To tho Ed
ltor.) I have read the letter on "birth
control" signed "A Spiritless Woman.
Yes, I think she told the truth when
she said the great majority of women
are too busy attending to the prosai
duties of hnme-maklng and child-rear
ing to spend much of their time airinp;
their opinions as to the way they are
enslaved and abused. And as those
"down-trodden spiritless" class are tol
erably contented with their lot, do you
think a mother natural?
I know of women who are not will
ing to help the waif or show mother
love; also do I know of some reformers
whom I believe, it would be unwise to
follow beyond their threshold; also
many do I know who denounce schools,
churches and home discipline'; and I do
concede that people wlt,h these theo
ries are better off not to have chil
dren, but to my mind there are many
of a different class of people who would
savo much sorrow In the world if birth
control were practiced.
I will tell you of a family I know.
The mother, a delicate little woman
with four children In school. Being a
woman of high ideals, she thinks i
proper to have children If they can be
taken care of, and given a few pnv
lieges In life. The father draws
salary. Out of the salary he puts bread
and butter on the table and keeps his
family together with "actual neccssa
rles." The rest of the salary (which is
more than half) he has to do with as
he pleases. He claims he is the wage
How about this mother washing,
ironing, scrubbing, baking and a thou
sand other things that go to make a
home? If she asks for a few dollars
to buy a few things her children might
eniov. he can t snare the money. Don t
you think this mother would' encourage
the "birth control league to go on
with their good work?
This is only one case, and It is just
the class of women who would be of
some use in the world if they only had
chance. Let some of the men of
this class suffer what their wives do
for a while and they would soon prac
tice birth control. (Signed)
A MOTHER WHO KNOWS,
PORTLAND. Feb. 14 (To the Edi
tor.) Please state what legal claim a
14-vear-old girl has on her stepfather.
have provided a nice home for her
mother and herself and wish her to at
tend the public schools and she refuses
to go, but instead, spends her after
noons and evenings at picture shows
and other amusements and is rarely
in bed before ip o'clock st night. She
i seldom up before 11 o'clock or noon.
Very often sh stays at a certain ho
tel and has the bill charged to me.
Have I any right to aek obedience or
must I stand for this to continue? Her
mother usually takes aides with the
stepdaughter. Please give some lnfor
matlon In regard to relations of step
father and stepdaughter In regard to
home life, educational and maintenance
PERPLEXED SUBSCRIBER. .
A stepfather under these circum
stances has the same right that a
father In fact would have. The fact
that the mother does not agree with
you Is not a matter of law. until con
ditions reach a crisis, when the Ju
venile Court would have the legal right
to step in. If you and your wife cannot
agree on the discipline for the daughter
and the daughter violates the city ordi
nances and state laws governing the
daughter, the authorities should know
of it. No doubt they would act and
the matter would be taken out of your
PORTLAND. Feb. 14. (To the Edi
tor.) 1. I understand that money de
posited In a bank in this state reverts
to the state after seven years, provided
the depositor during that time makes
neither deposits nor withdrawals, or
In any way communicates with the
bank and does not put in his claim
when It is advertised in one of the lo
cal newspapers. Am I correct?
2. Kindly let me' know the'lllinois
law in regard to the above.
3. After the money has reverted to
the state is It possible to obtain It,
and what steps are necessary to do so?
2. Write to the Secretary of State,
3. Yes, at least a portion of it. Write
to the Secretary of State,' Salcra. Or.,
PORTLAND, Feb. 13. (To the Edi
tor.) Kindly publish the addresses to
which contributions to the Belgian and
Polish relief funds should be sent.
J. P. B.
Contributions meant for the relief of
the Jews in Poland should be sent' to
Ben Selling, Fourth and Morrison
streets, Portland. If the contribution
is for the general relief in Poland, send
contributions to Rev. F. Matuszewski,
822 Maryland avenue. Portland. For
the Belgian relief fund send contribu
tions to C. Henri Labbe, Labbe building,
this city. . 1
In Other Days
Twenty-five Years Ago.
From The Oregonian of February 13. 1S:U.
G. A. Webb, pioneer orchardist of
Silverton, by whose efforts the fruit
exhibit of the board of immigration
has been kept replenished during the
past season, has favored The Orego
nian office with a box of choice apples
Martin Foard, County Treasurer of
Clatsop County, asd also senior mem
ber of the enterprising firm of Foard
& Stokes, was in the city yesterday.
George IT. Durham retires this
Spring as School Director and John R.
Foster is a candidate to succeed him.
So far there is no opposition to tho
re-election of School Clerk Allen.
New York, Feb. 14. General Slier
man died at 1:50 this afternoon. All
night long the distinguished soldier
wavered between life and death.
Messrs. Tllton & Gerspach are now
building a two-story building 30 by 70
feet at 303 and 305 Fourth street,
which they will use for the manufac
ture of galvanized Iron and copper
furnaces, metal skylights, tin, slate,
corrugated iron, steel and composition
Architect William F. McCaw. who
furnished the plans for the new Ar
mory, has been honored with an ap
pointment on the staff of the First
Regiment, O. N. G.
Half a Century Ago.
From The Oregronfan of February l. ISfifl.
The bark Mustang, from San Fran
cisco to Victoria, was wrecked on the
coast of Vancouver Island January 21,
vessel and cargo being a total loss.
The supply of water in this city was
generally cut off yesterday, not. as
many supposed, on account of Jack
Frost, but because a tree fell across
the main leading to the city from
The play of" "William Tell" and the
musical farce, "The Loan of a Lover."
were given last night at the Willam
ette Theater. The bill for tonight is
Cincinnati, Feb. 10. Twenty-seven
children were drowned In the reservoir
at Celina Wednesday. They were at
tending school . in the vicinity of the
reservoir and at noon all of them went
on the ice to slide. The ice broko
through with them and all were
drowned before help could reach them.
New York. Feb. 13. Tho Herald
publishes a letter from one of Juarez'
friends in this city, who says that
without the influence of the United
States they will be able to attain a
Chicago, Feb. 11. The Macon. Ga.,
papers have an appeal from Governor
Jenkins to the ladies of Georgia to
contribute a fund for Mrs. Jeff Davis,
paying $1 each to the County Treas
urers. All sums will be lorwaraeo. to
the State Treasurer.
nuahand's Intercut In Wife's Properly.
PORTLAND, Feb. 14. (To the Edi
tor.) (1) If a woman owning property
marry what right or control of this
property does the man have? Can she
hold it privately? If after marriage
she Inherits more property does a man
share it? (2) Are there any differ
ences on this law in other states?
1. In Oregon the husband has no
control of property acquired br the
wife before marriage or inherited by
her after marriage, nor has he any
voice in the disposition of income
therefrom. He has, however, an ex
pectancy of the husband's life interest
in one half the income from the prop
erty in the event he survives the wife.
For that reason the husband must join
in the deed of the wife's property in
order to convey acceptable title.
!. State laws vary on the subject. In
Washington, for example, the husband's
signature is not needed to a convey
ance of the wife's Individual property.
Amendments and the War.
GILMER, Wash., Feb. 13. (To the
Editor.) (1) What are the last two
amendments (the 16th and 17th) to the
United States Constitution.
(2) In this European war, what
countries are engaged with (a) the
central powers? (b) the allies?
(3) 'Are Sweden and fepani engaged
in fighting and with what powers?
(1) Amendment XVI authorizes Con
gress to levy and collect., taxes on in
comes. Article XVII provides for a dl- .
rect vote for United States Senator.
(2) The central powers Include Ger
any and Austria-Hungary, with whom
are fighting Turkey and Bulgaria.
With the triple entent or the allies
England, Russia and France are or
were allied Italy, Belgium, gerbia.
Montenegro and Jpan.
(3) Sweden and Spain are not en
gaged in the war.
fiermnn Vnlversal Suffrage.
ASTORIA, Or., Feb. 13. (To the Edi
tor.) Please explain the system or
voting in Germany. B says that in
Germany they have universal suffrage.
the same as in the L nited states. r
does not deny they have universal suf
frage, but maintains they do not vote
direct, as we do. A SUBSCRIBER.
The Reichstag is chosen by universal
suffrage and secret ballot. By uni
versal suffrage Is meant the suffrage
of all male citizens who have attained
the age of 25 years. Those who are in
active military or naval service, tnose.
who are subject to guardianship, or
who are bankrupt or insolvent or in
receipts of poor relief, or condemned
to the loss of civil or political rights
are disnuaiinea nom mo caciv.o
Ambassador at Argentina.
WALDPORT. Or.. Feb. 11. (To tho
Editor.) Kindly give me the name and
address of the American Ambassador
t Argentina, South America.'
DR. C. E. LINTON.
Frederic J. Stimson is Ambassador
Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary for
the United States in Argentina, and his
fficial address there is Buenos Ayres.
TVDEPEXDEXCE. Or.. Feb. 13. (To
the Editor.) I would like to know if.
when a woman gets a divorce and her
maiden name back, is Fho legally enti
tled to the title of "Miss ?
Two Tons of Coal
Two tons of coal may bo very
rna mv be full of heat units and
energy; the other prolific of clink
er and ash.
There is economy m aoaiing wicu
reliable coal men wno , get meir
stocks from mines of proven merit.
There is satisfaction in Duying
from such dealers.
And there are plenty of them.
You will find the best of them
among the advertisers in The Oregonian.