V n ' THE MOKXiyO OKI-GOXTAy. MONDAY, TEnRUARY 14, 1016. - 1 Inr VTTIV" HIS ADVICE 1 1 I (Dmnmtnn nrti- ..ego. nf.r.4 e '' oro l't..rfW ..... i rua ''. ..fae "i-' t.!V v Tr . -.. h,:. m-fc . . t 1 fi I Kl- V. tori S ..i-ia fn. . ,.i MftIS. !.,... in.!.i. mn tr wtus-il ..i.a. We fnwa ' W .jnJf. tftra ivui :jml4j. ao rnuia . . . r . IS . 'i . ' . 1 " . 1" . . I 1 H:i. ... ..r ........ B.al- a4 . -r r. !.! rpi fUt, a .... . s in-- UW W"at. .. . .5 a-r .na luin ' rr-.ri.-T t f.i tn.'li4 lsntf a4 ' . r ki-: " ' r-. 1 ' ' : v i i r- - -. A. sa- r.ais. 5 U " 1 ..- : . : . -. raeaia --a-.., nrrw-T.rj-- . . s: ..:.). '. ' rntua. w.rT. trn it. . trrru or c ir.irm ixtKrmr. With th co.Urt cf wotr Ltsr ih rcir.o North-l haa ot-r- t np.-a ef int-Ta4 -t-rtal -trirr artB whKh II IU rri-PTifr M t rr ctST x-tioa tt t. country nj- j th TUt our JoJiMtrt. J jit- br Itt r pooiin lit- lf o.i.u. no t6r t-" t.it br '". mlfj r t- tinc loto trtto rtr a prcxl of ln. t! a f rr. ? tam. T . f rimoB.t. bol fcy Uck. of li en-i rlTc-l. horr. In d'UrlB. If rot rrr-" nrd4 output wm.-U niliM ho iaptJ !? rrd- m.f.t ha pri cr tf rr...l ;t.B. Is f ft. frn tb Urn-l.r-n-n ua ! point, ft BUM h fcn bltrf ha.! thut upfil' cob I. !-. ! t r tr month nat4 of month, for lfta or4r vouU i,rumuU!l to a Jwlnl tn r inj t)rrvl.l mitht flo h hr-vfit ff-t f p:bt ttn t. m inufat t jr m sit hJ bn port' n4 If B"t rtl. tiriutl'm of prtvi-n-tion lo Iho r or..ci d"n4al t rru tt r flr bfn t' pr!'i'-r nn.J roMurrr biC !nf, ..;! without fI'.iB foul of fl l.. u "f ur!it f th C:tt rn !.r brtr It , about. Luaib-r Cirr-.;ar.i! M' t fiBfl-UtIjr -un4 rTt-tB-l -.HI lh B"t tO . thir ft. Nit mill f.-v'.Io irntM whK-h r mnB. thourh frr.t!fr mbirral. f-r bark r to tl thrn ovrr h- th-y pio ability 1 pr out of drbl within rnabU tltn. TTicro 1- rc.!u htt-n n r hp!tly lotoliffU or ln.-.jmrtot'.jr nut4 tht bu.tart -!:i.-tron U lattab!. Th illailM tion nf u- h cncrn. though cTUt t t! lr!i.laI tr.trtJ. wlil .s.'i. ll to tho tB.Iutry tut lol. I'. w'.tt ! t!f prorrtir In th bc l. if trr-r nrrt-.. ht B l'l r.ot erri' m?!! t Um in tru-sl to pontpor bnkmpU-T. tl t-"a -m) rarrt of w n r frnm tft mirlnt. Tr !ta.no la th ttmbr tn.ii..ry ur' thi tho prorrb -fVmr'l"n la too !!' of tr4." U U b ma44 tt lh prl Hil ccmsnittt;.o. cml tn tx'.rfmr. t tit dlt of ptvult cl. lhrfor. f prrp4TlJ. , rnf' d'4Tr of rcfxntr t!a in cror hnl ccdarinif lr r.B!M wnrll ! n'l t tat V f v!i?rnl bran-ft of tho tumbr trj. ! Bl in nt;tiBUon tf br-prolticM. Kimrmtit of lnIutry on tftor tiii: r unmuU. U niBB thl lor .r wouiJ B'jt mrty cut loo mor rpUM 1 alt I Wmxt th Unxi t-r,:-j ut tump. Bub " mutlUt"l touoi tr-. Tblr lBuutTT would B.iu4 tho utt'.jation for Bomo pur p., of miun tny cut. th t- ir.ctMo from atnmpai of thw rou m rltJibr lr.rtllnu tby cor.ulo, t.. r?rt!nt: of not-TWulturmI lr. I nJ th prprtlot for Bttl m.p.t of Uu i a-tt4 for c;V.iBMon. - tit BAVitiiil lb m prtnclpU iu:j b folio", out by Iho coar toa l omB n. of bII prt of th !.- IncU.'iO tlw Ubo. lt BwduBt jb! q t br. Mr. Hjb. of :rt.!I Vl?. .lutrt4 t.Mw pt it an al.'r t iui lrncl-:o. wba h ui?tl tht pl-B of lumbar tri.t w t.x ir.:t fr Boy othr ru.iM bo m! lnt' cklMran't biM lc b:.jk. la fcl. Btbluihmol of :m lunbtr ir.lutry a Pro bi A jrjprity dp-! oe Bpp!i-aton r' tn .rn ru' whh-h fuib' tb -i4';vlr ! if lbt h all of t . hue '-v( th ijmI a4 that hW t fjiit or t:' I ml oot oa ttio '-f but B tfco b-prvKiuv t. Tb ik.r.ftf b nnw ouU thi conBiBt la ts. m.Dutuiura of trwoo Inta a rt r'r t rnmnottltlM ohkll WOttl4 BUT prM tf MntntEi,t't. Una.r 1m b I a promotion bjw t- n weivh W"uM brjn b-for ry lria in ry rt)rkt. dortiMtltf or r..r.un. th mrlt of it rt"U prol vif. I:. -tiB'my. attlitT br4 rirw rif::i euUt; oB buil!tn tnt ru!. whn property trtl. BhouM t bj wt.Uly a.Jrt-t "co rn. nt. brvrk and trra colt. Tba trlti of Its proJu.ta t"i" mr o.i;y fc mpy Bhoittd . wril aenwa a tbo -1ubJ Bumbr rt irtti of KllitiJ) pit k to. T tarntwr Itunu fjuturcr. tJia plnlr ta I turmn ou'l bibs. IP- o1bb aim mnufBt:turr bo4 tho furcitura -nrufturr B a c-joimunltr of I-t..r.t whii-h mlBftt JiMrtlfy thra In '"itbiflnf oa a promotion an4 Bob I . ir arhrmo that wooH P thair ri-iu pro.u t bafor tha ronrn-r .a. I wou!t ft-t a a y!ubte Ir.tro- 'j:ioa f :t t!r tilrmen. rw Titiu or few ntrrrwx. tn h'B p:h st MJfor4. Ornor Withycoroba raLwJ a Btandard of raw fraeUum for tho WrK bb an ,iltraita to that which la ofTarod t.r tha Wilaon AlmlnUtratloB. Tn J.'rarnr prorxmB da!opmnt of th watrr powrr n. othar rwaurrW of rr-a tate tn tha tVat andar that r:' own law. Contrary ta th (i rhrfr md by adocalaa of t a taral UaitorJiBra. la do. BOt fa .r fcandicc rap watar potr t tnonop-ity onraatralna-t by public cob tril. oor d'aB h propoaia that Na t!Tt for' ba thrnwB pan to ! tjfi.m by timhar baron. Tfca C jyarnor propwi that power C'ijupna b placa.i nndar control of tn I'ubtli! I'Ulltlaa Commtwl"n and of i.rraa"a laws, andar whlvh iorbl trt rc cannot b charcat and only w ra.jjnabi ratura apoa th lnat mrni U !!')td" If propo-) tt tip tix.bar b hrraat4. that acrt--u:tural UnJ In th National forrat V than rn ! ! Btt!arnp.l and that lin-ifruu:turi lnl b rtf'-rt.J. That Is th nd which the moat ardent coonratioBita profeaa a dara to attain. Than what coocolabl ranaon for dtffaranc of opinion can exUt? Th ! rima of controvrray la lb aitampt of th Adniifilalratlon. on Irt pfatat thai th iVertern BtJtaa ra I. u dUhubaat or too lucompctant to manar thair own affiilra. to Irnpoaa upon tham a pa-lrB of abaante lanJ lorvltam hl-h ha tual rrolt In arary country Whar It haa bran al tamptad. That tm cbukI po artv. dlturbanc and outnc In Ire land until th trtth jmrromrnt abotUhed it at enormnua coat. Th Wllann AdmlrlatmKon bow would Impoa thia diav rodltabt Btan o te Waal and afravat th wronj by co):ia. tin rent on water wMch H admit that th utate oB. In BO dome th Admtnlatratlon l aupportd by tn two Ortion Senator, who ar tfi'ia fala to tho lnlrret of tha atal. Th urat mean of uphol.lln th richt of prron acalnat Kedrral en rrinikmcM, abaantc Uni!lorJIm and Kadaral exartloa la to plat- In power ml ahlnsta ltpubllcwn Admiala. t ration which will reap"! th riht of tt atataa. and to Bnd to Waahinf-I-b t$r.Ura who will defrnd tho rtht. Mi, wttaojra BtilTl avrcirc Th attantlon of Th Ornlan has bten dirrtiad to th onanu of th broakfaat orlr4 br rrldnt Uuoa th olh. r day at Cleveland whit oa bl paklr.; tour. Iter It la: U444 Wl B.M-aJI aad CTaaav Hoi .-4 .. a Ta raM. vi4 Hftra Ta Aa A p pa I Ura. W lla CaCaa It I uated that from a ul-teliC ataadpo.nl th brrakfa! will "tmpraaa moat Amartrana wittl th fart thai th ITaldanta I4ea of prparednea d aot apply otly to th National da fa. but to th ronaa-rtallon of hawitri and bodily ntceea fir th day- work. la other word, b I a man who haa learned that powrr to do thine come from laadlec th slmpl a:." tat othar Ihoufht Intrude.- "An appl for Sirr Vi;on. I that all? liar ts aomrthln lo Intereat woman kind and something; for womankind to tmutate. Photographs of lr. WIU bob Indlcal thai ah I th embodl mnl of buty and fowd hea'th. ltr bloomlr womanhood may wall b a xtad by aoy latar. I this har rrelp? Th tor.Ic qualltla of th appl ar umlupuUO. A areat. strorr man. of cour. ra! a aomrtMn mr than an appU for breakfant. and bcld- he ts not unuaattr aotKltous about his physical attractloaa. Rut If evrr woman woull t on appl and nothlrc; : each momlns; th cos metic makers would boob .b put out of bualnr. Atu not orly would th problem of two llvlne a cheaply a on b Bolred. but Oreon. whl.h haa a lone suit In applr. would prosper amal lnty. Tuh. tuh! Who cares what th ITealdent eats for braakfaat. whan th matters of femlntn beauty, hous hotd jipeB and o-al prosperity ar in hand! imiur tnro aciix. rrty unity for th serrlc of tha Nation wa th keynot f th spche at th rtepubtlcan banquet oa Lincoln day. Th aaaambltnf around on board of men and woman who had quarreled politically three jean was a proof that they har resolved to fort th quarrel and hav com together acaln. knit In a firmer onion by th ra!liailon that their points of nrremnt far tran scend In important th points on bUh they formerly ulasred. It wa most r.ttlnc that the occa lon of this reunion shook! ha been reverrnc for th memory of th man who, as savior of th I'nlon, stands tid VBhlnton. founder of th Nation, a n of our two crcatest Presidents In th public estimation. Only la !ea deir than of Lincoln's day la It true of th present tlm that Its problems deman 1 union of all man and women who plac th honor, eafaty and prospiity of their country Bbov all other considerations. Thus who attenJd th banquet and th taouaaad of others for whom they pok ar of on mind In th convic tion thAt Republican supremacy and tha triumph of IlpubtlcaB principles ar -Mctll to th Nation's honor, safatr and rroaPrtr. No personal amblUon. no prIJa f plar or leadership anoold stand lo tb way of compt'l and hearty union for th succasa of th raus. Without re card to former aff Illation. th party's most bonorabl. abl and rep resantatir man should b chosen to carry l! standard to victory net Noverobrr- Formar leadership should b causa for neither retention nor re tirement of aoy individual; ab.llty Bnd wtU'ecnaaa to do cood seme In the rutur should b th sol teata. rut wii or the AtmitTic Aowu-ta'a cor.ouaat of Montanefro and Northers Albania and th suc ruaful a. I inca of her troopa farther southward In th latter previne ar th rreutt of aaother failure or tn alliaa lo aeli opportunity whl! It of faead. In lh flral months of th war th Ar:o-Kro.h Mediterranean fleat attempted a blockad of th Auatrtmn roast la th Adriatic, but U a-aiod ao uccaa In orrnslv war. IVKa. Turkar snterad tb war most of this ft was rt to blockad th l).r.nt! and continued lb BDor- tiv adventur lh that quarter until Its f.nal abandonmanL Lurln tn laax tew months It baa divided attention btwea th iMrdanelle and Salonlkl sad tdea(stch. Uavlnf th Adriatic to Italy. Aiihourh on natter Italy haa a navy superior to Austria's, only partial ad- vantac baa been taken 01 in i.iri. Italy has found Trieste. Tola. rTume. fattaro and th other Auntrlan port too well defended by forts, mine and submarine to tv hop of successful attack from th sea. but sho should hat been abl to shut up th Aus trian fleet by a Ions-ran. blockad. So far baa sh failed that Austrian ship hav bombarded Montenegrin ports and hav co-operated at Cat Laro In th cartur of Mount Lorehen. th Montenegrin pak which domi nates that port. Italy ha ma.! no batter us of her naval superiority than to transport an army to Ardena. to carry sappllaa to Srbla and Mont nero and to carry away funuve and Austrian prisoners from that country. From the first day of th war th Adriatic was on of th moat Impor tant Held of operation. Had they mad a determined effort to destroy th Austrian naval baM. or at least to destroy or pen up th Austrian fleet, and then landed a considerable army In Albania fir th reinforce ment of th two "lay klr.lom. th allies mlcht have chanced th whole courw of th Balkan campalcB. Fear of antaor.iirt Italy may have re strained theca prior to that countrj accession to their rank. Since that event no reason of strategy seems valid for any of the nations, and Italy's Inaction la explicable chiefly by the fact that the Herb and Croats are rival claimants to Italia Irredenta and that she did not wlh to strenRth en them. Had th alllas gained and held full commend of the Adriatic and had they i:ed tt to strengthen Serbia and Montenegro, the entire se ries of dla:utera which began with th lt Teuton Invasion of Serbia might hav been averted. rorrKV. 'trutmiL aii ikhobtau Public taste has at times elements of quiet stubbornness which cannot be subdued r modified by the most emphatic edict that Iseua from seuts of judgment over th literary products of the world. Henc It comes to pass that toms resardod by the elect ns of eurh small Importance that even tb name r ineir writers persist paat the f.rst appearance of their product, sometime show a vi tality that much b dlsconcertlns;. to u ik. to than in whom Is reeled ultlmat literary authority. True, th mass or tno peopio -iuo... diaput th Judgments of the trained literary critics. To him on-whom the academy has conferred Immortality they accord Immortality without a question. Chaucer, hhakespvare, MII- rnvann and th Vast host Of th Immortals who sjwoclat with and follow them receive tn meea 01 rrv- ik.i I . unntlnationably due them: tb gems that com perfectly polishes rront ineir nn urd unlrersally. Hot. quit asld from their worship ik orthodox lemnt of art. the people Ifemlat In maintaining Innu merable little unautnonifn icinj'ia of their own. There they may be found burclnc their Incens often to some unknown god. and offering the etttf . f thalr worshln to some obarur llttlo Idol thst haa never even been proo-d for a nlrne in in granu pantheon. Nearly everybody who maintains a Kyk r follow the mor slov enly and universal habit of carrying cllpplnga in in vesx pocaet unwi n.o text Is obliterated by continual un folding and thumblna- nearly every one who lets h!s fancy stray among t..Am nf snhamarB In newspapers and current Journals, can be found In the list of the silently ewtinjue nirrarj he ret Irs. A local sage said a few years ago: -t i- onnvk tion that the really great poms of any period are not . ... contained in in pnnica wore. ureal poeU f that period: but ar rather struck off. In a whit heat of Inspiration, by obscure writers In the nt th tima. It Is these obscure Pecks f Inspiration, these sweet and startling non-s irom me un known Blngars In the crowd, that clus ter lu th Immense and teeming an tholoev which U never caught and classified, never analysed and ticketed by the literary authorities as good. k..4 a inf iffarant. but which, with si lent, obstinate, unconquerable Immor tality. prlt. in worn ana jcuow clippings, or even in the more Intan gtbl form of uncertain memories, they continue to dwell In th shrine that have been erected for them by the Individual or by the small group amon the reople that fouad them aIlsftr.g to their peeils. And after th classic or assurea stability hav been read and recited and commented upon, there always cornea a tlme'"Vhen a man will bring forth hl dearest and most Intimate bit of poetry, and one reallxcs, with a start, that It la quite an alien In the Parthenon, and according to all the laws of literature should be. by this time, f ir mor dead than Oreat Pan, of whom the classic poets lument. Th vast number of contribution sent to The Oregonlan recently, to be printed on Its page of old favorites of poetry, gives an Idea of tha Immensity of this unauthorised! Immortal an thology. Mor than half of th offerinns be long to th type that Is resarded ordi narily aa ephemeral. Of many of them the authors' nsmes are unknown by the contributor. Of still more the names of the author belong In the list of poets termed -minor." The con tributors give their source a old srap-books. "something my mother used to recite fifty yearn ago." a vers -we used to read in the old fourth reader when I was a boy." The waifs f poetry, cast out by the Judge f their contemporary litera ture lo perish on the bleak hillsides of unappreclatton, have, with unex pected vlgur. lived through th ordeal. They have bn taken In and warmed at th kindly hearth of a great pub lic which, whl! It recognlxad the au thority of trained Judge of lltorature. still maintain stubbornly It own right lo decide what It likes Tor Us own Intimate, personal tre.ururlng. Sid by sl with the distant footsteps ih arand old masters, echoing through th corridor of tlm. patter th million llgni ana gnoswy im 01 k tim alnra who have found fa vor In the e of the people and who continue to tread pains or onecura immortality In the hearts of thousand of reverent readers. all rrm ox Trr.Tt Having been somewhat unfortunate In rltlug th benefit of single Ja in Vancouver. Tlouston and elsewhere, the local propagandists will probably b pleased to learn. If they have not . i a k.iiii f it. that the Governor and military commander of Tucatan haa promulgated an agrarian law -ki. k r.1.1. tha tooal. half-way experi ments f th North quite In th shad. Yucatan ought to be quite an iui ....f.1. from th standpoint of th promoters of the Oregon single tax and farm loan measure. It Is remote: doubt exists aa to the safety of the live of Investigators of economic conditions there, while If the Mexican Bovernment ever does become gtab! and the plan fall, there Is always the argument of Mexican gran, inrm clency and laxln to fall back on. The edict of th Oovernor of Tuca tan la based on the resounding decla ration "that no one Is exclusive owner of the land In like manner'as no one can be exclusive owner of either light or atmosphere. " Our translation of th document Is somewhat Imperfect, but apparently lurge landowners may be dispossessed by exercise of a sort of right of condemnation. The land and improvements ar Raid for In ac cordance with the values fixed In the tax list. Payment Is' made In bonds drawing i per cent Interest, which have the guarantee of the stat land tax. The stute land tax Is paid by th holders of land, as will be here after explalneJ. One peculiar Mexi can trait I revealed In the provision that the bonds shall be paid off not In the order of their Issuance but by a lottery stcm as I lie fund therefor accumulate. The lands are distributed to such Mc&ican or foreigner rcsiumg la tbe state, older than 17 years of age, who may wish to dedicate themselves per sonally to cultivating It. Allotments vary In area from ten to 100 hectares, depending on the character of the land and it proximity to towns. (A hectare is 2.471 acre.) The appllciunt plays nothing except for the cultivation al ready performed on the land and his "debt of cultivation" Is paid In yearly Installments. For use of the land the holders pay !4 per cent annually on the value, ns determined by the tax UsL Of this tax. 1H Per cent la rental and the other 1 per cent Is the land tax. which goes to guarantee the purchase bonds Issued to the original title owners. Improvements amounting to at least SO per cent of the Intrinsic value of the land must be introduced during the first ten years of occupation. If the Improvement regulations are not complied with or the occupant falls to pny the rent to the state he forfeits possession, receiving 60 per cent of the value of accumulated Immovable property, freed of all Incurobrajnce- Possesslon of a lot may be devised by tho holder to his heirs or to a stranger, but no one Is permitted to become the beneficiary of more than one lot. Kvcry contract of mortgage, rental or sale made by the occupants of land distributed by the government Is declared void. The distributed land is not attachable nor Is it subject to any Intervention. Judicial or adminis trative. No sale of land by present title holders are permitted without the Intervention of the agrarian commis sion. The forests and the waters are declared to be public property and all water concessions made sine 1S54 whenever neded for public uso are abrogated. A rural 'credit system ex ists for making cultivation loans to land holders: tracts may be set apart for public building", for townsltes, and altogether the plan Is comprehensive except as to the disposition of town lots In titles already established. Lest some good brother arises to remark that this scheme may not con template taking for the benefit of government all the rental value of the land. It may b stated that In Tucatan the principal . product is henequen (sisal hemp) and that the marketing thereof Is a stato monopoly. All who produce henejuen are obliged to sell it to th commission which regulate th henequen market- Ap parently there is ample opportunity for the government to extract from the producers as much Income aa It may fancy. Mr. U'Ren onco announced that "All th work w have done for direct legislation has been done with the single tax in view." and he also once said some nice things about Villa be cause of his Interest in distributing the land among the people. Yet we have had direct legislation fourteen years, but have not acquired single tax while C'arranta, with a bunch of ragged soldiers, has put tt Into force through a military autocrat In Yuca tan In a fraction of the time spent In propagandizing In Oregon. It la a wondt-r Mr. U'Ren docs not In disgust throw popular government overboard and take up the sword. At incredible cost of life and ammu nition the Anglo-French and German armies are swaying; each other's line to and fro, with no apparent change in the general situation. This simply goos to prove that the struggle in that quarter Is on of endurance. Any de cided advantage must be gained In some other field of operations. The Ftate Department tries to save Itself the trouble of caring for Ameri cans In belligerent countries by pre venting them from going there. Should a Ford pacifist attempt a speech In Germany, he might land In Jail. It Is essler to keep him out than to get him out. Aerial mall service may soon bring the remotest parts of Alaska Into close touch with the cosst, and at the ssme time train a body of airmen Inured to extreme cold w-ho would be or great value to the Army. When an old cock retains his honors he l worthy of mention. For exam ple, the Rhode Island Red rooster that won first prize In Portland two years ago took the blue ribbon at Mcdford last week. There seems to bo enough tragedy In the case f the l-j ear-old girl who would leap from the bridge with out the attempt nt suicide. Four words express It: "The girl was pen niless." Kvldence accumulates that the I. V. W. ts not a labor organization, but ts a criminal conspiracy against life and property. Th Chicago poisoning cas ta the latest proof. Th rook might have used some kind of an "Old Cleanser" for thick ening the soup at the Chicago ban quet by mistake, and If ap his absence is not remarkable. Discovery of another gang of white alavers In Chicago Is neither new nor thrilling. Such things must be ex pected w hile men ar wit ;ed and girls are foolLsh. Th Indiana man who has a baby daughter younger tha a great-grandchild Is 74 and a Civil War veteran. Thai's what swells th pension roll. If It were not for the American le gations, the Ford delegates left In Europe would appear more absurd than those who cam home. There Is woe among the British bachelor slacker, but there is Joy over their discomfiture among the married volunteers. A lot of money Is to be paid this year for services of county agricul turist and it is up to them to begin to make good. The death of the girl In the woods near Chicago and arreat of the stu dent Is Just another phase of th old atorr. . Archbishop Ireland saw service In the Civil War and his views on pre paredness are founded on first knowl edge. General Gocthals has found that the Panamans' appetite for unearned In crements In land value Is fully devel-opea- x Great Britain begins against the shirker this week. All single men, except those exempt, are called out. The search for Captain KldJ's lisot !s not a marker to the faith show 7 the Cocos Island "treasure. How to Keep Well By Dr. W. A. Kvana. Septic Sore Threat. What is septic sore throat? If it is to Important why is it that nobody heard of It until recently? These are bard questions to answer. Septic sore throat starts with a high fever, head ache and general aching. The throat is sore. Wben the throat Is examined it is found to be swollen and rather evenly red. The throat looks very much like a scarlet fever sore throat, and wben the sick person is a child wbo has never had scarlet fever that disease is suspected. But the scarlet fever rash does not appear. A little later white patches like those of fol licular tonsllitis appear. By this time th glands of the neck have begun to swell and the patient complains of profound weakness. These are very good signs of diph theria and you suspect that your child has tbat disease. But by this time you have one or several reports from the laboratory to the effect that there is no diphtheria. The laboratory reports bow streptococci. Already scarlet fever has been ruled out and now diphtheria Is discarded. But the patient is very evidently sick with some grave disease, . The weakness is all out of proportion to what you would expect from an ordi nary sore throat Probably by this time you have discovered that the glands of th neck are forming ab scesses. You begin to suspect septic sore throat. About this time you be gin to hear of other cases of sore throat. Your milkman tells you that several people on his milk route are sick. When you ask him what is the trouble he does not know for certain. He has heard that they have sore throat. Some hav had their throats lanced, but nobody seeme certain what the disease Is. Tbat the disease is epidemic Is about the best diagnostic point that has been brought out. There is no way of diagnosing a sinaie case of septic sore throat with certainty. Suppura tion of the glands is suggestive, but there are other diseases which cause the glands to suppurate. The same can be eaid of profound prostration. But when sore throat with these symp toms bag-ins to be epidemic it is not bard to make the diagnosis. By this time the health department has become Interested. They find a certain variety of streptococci In all the throats. They find that the milk supply of all the people with this sore throat Is the same. Finally they run down the milk supply, which Is at fault. They find that some person with septic sore throat or who has had It recently has been milking the eows or bsndlin the milk. Is it a new disease? Probably not. As a means of prompt diagnosis for the Individual ease and control or epidemic. Pr. Kelley says. In the American Journal of Public Health every sore throat should be reported to the health department. Prenatal Influences. N A. C. writes: "1. I have been told tbat If a woman is intimidated . . rhilH will be a ourina pit:fc"ow - . , coward and t2 that if she sees a snake or any niueous oojcv-i ... leave a mark of some kind upon the Ch"3I'piease explain the cause of strawberries' and birthmarks in gen eral. , , me some good authority to read up on the matter. REPLY. 1 Too have ben Incorrectly toTmme: The mantal qualities inrludins courage and To X?dl are Inherited from .nce.tors ffrgeTy the mind of the mother Is on a par wltn .that of th. father. But 1 1 1. the mental fiK-r of tha uarcnt which la trsnsmmea, rot the remit of l"le -xperi-nre. Tur thrrnVraf fni mind of the d.veloplnB eh.ld ! completely cut off from the mind of tha mother and atiaolute'.y protected raint In fluence from any shock to the mother, miud. J. Fame anawer applies. a. Strawberry mark re.ult m,,h "T'JT deve opment ol ina n ";7'. iW. first area. The fault occur, a '"J''" hi, of her pr-snancy It may result from a local inflammation. Infection, or Injury, or tha oeveinpmanial process may so wrona for i"ma reason hard to explain. Mental shock "o the mother cannot cau.e strawberry or other Mrthmarks. i, B.la- 4. Head Davenport s "Heredity in Keia tlon to Eufenlca" at the library. ot Alarmlnar. Mrs. E. D. writes: "I am told that I have diabetes and the last analysis showed 1-20 of 1 per cent of sugar in my urine." REFLY. Ono-twentlelh of 1 per cent ausar Is very little. Tha use of very delicate tests aho. flat everybody has "ine sugar In the nrine. Therefore, you sra not much worn off than tha averaKO person 11 vu i.-.w -" or slxn other than this amall proportion of ...w-. . iimir lh, nmotint of Slicar. candv aweeta !.sert. bread and potatoes and let It go at that? Oo to see your doctor one or twice a year. Lest Taate aad Smell. D. D. wrltea: "What causes one to lose the sense or taste anu smeii. I have for the last four months? I am 21 years old and weigh 9S pounds." REPLY. Tha Information contained In your Tetter la not sufficiently definite to warrant a AfTl answer. Th.-re are two main causes fimt. nasal deformity with alnuaes. and. second, lu. The relation between weight and sue Is lea alBnlflcant than between height and weight. Voil ara probably underweight. Fairly FfTeetlvc. C. P. writes: "Will you please teU i . . v. Ui. nt Vn inl the new mo wiisi .j . i v. - - - mineral oil for treating constipation? . . .ff.nl.t I f it as it any oaa anci niw- has what are they? T am a daily reader of your health hints and w-111 watch for your reply." REPLY. It le a form of mlnersl oil al.o called slan oil. liquid r.etrolatum. etc. These prep arations are eff-ctlve with soma people and without bad after effecta. Personnel f National Bodies. TLWACO. Wash.. Feb. 12. (To the Editor.) Please publish tho names of the members of Supremo Court of United States: the Representatives from Washington and tho President's Cabinet. J- I- STRONG. The members of the United States Supreme Court are: Edward D. White. Chief Justice: and Associate Justices Joseph McKenns, Oliver W. Holmes, William R. Day. Charles E. Hughes, W. Van TJevanter. M.ihlon Pitney and James C. Reynolds. Louise D. Brandcis haa been apopinted by the President to succeed Joseph R. Lamar, who died re cently. The appointment of Brandels. Is now In the Senate for confirmation. The Representatives in the House from Washington are William E. Humphrey. LIndley H. Hadlcy, Albert Johnsorr. William L. LaFollett and C. C. Pill. The Senators are: Wesley L. Jones and Miles Polndexter. The President's Cabinet Is composed of: Robert Lansing, Secretary of State; W. G. McAdoo, Secretary of Treasury: vacant. Secretary of War; Thomas Watt Gregory, Attorney General: A. S. Burle son. Postmaster-General: Josephus Daniels, Secretary of Navy: F. K. Lane, Secretary of Interior; David F. Hous ton. Secretary of Agriculture; W. C. Redflcld. Secretary of Commerce: Wil liam B. Wilson, Secretary of Labor. Stiver Thaw and Sleet Storm. SILVER LAKE. Wash., Feb. 10. (To the Editor.) Kindly advise mo "if thero Is any difference between the sleet storms of the Eastern states and the silver thaw you have been enjoy ing In your city. O. E. R. Th3 silver thaw Is just like an East ern sleet storm, except that, there is more of It, Captain Taylor Says American Seenery To Little Known In America. PORTLAND, Feb. 13. (To the Edi tor.) There is no excuse for the American people to be as ignorant of their own country as they are. And whose fault is it? There is a lack of the proper teaching in our schoola and colleges. Our boys and girls are rushed through the schools with such rapidity that tha young mind cannot contain all that the present-day system of teach ing tries to cram into it. My daughter came home some time ago. and I asked her what she was studying-. She went on telling me the different things that she was compelled to study in order to keep up with the class, and among them was botany. 1 said, "How long have you been studying botany?" "Six months," was the reply. "And what have you learned about botany in six months?" "Well," she said, "I have learned that the soft maple tree buds out in the Fall." I said. "Any old farmer could have told you that in less than five minutes." I believe I am sdfe in saying yiat not one boy or girl in 20 can name the capitals of our states. In one high school I visited some time ago I was asked to speak to the combined classes of the school, and I asked them to name the principal rivers in the United States that emptied into the Atlantic. Not one of more than 60, tho teachers included, could tell me. They have no conception of the vastness of our coun try br the beauties of this Western country. A few years ago I "was in Geneva, Switzerland, and the people there told me that 100,000 Americans bad regis tered at the hotels that year. They had the impression that we had no moun tain scenery in America. We have the greatest mountain scen ery in the world. Let the people from the East come to Portland and go up on the top of any of our high build ings on a clear day, and we have such days, and looking east, they will see one of the grandest sights in the world Mount St. Helens, Mount Adams, Mount Hood. In fact, you can get on the train and see one string of the most beautiful mountains In the world, clear to Mount Shasta and then to the Mexican line, covered with snow all the year round. Their beauty far sur passes anything In the world. There are few higher mountains than we have in America. The Yellowstone National Park has no equal In the world, and many of our people that have the European craze have never seen it I have been across the ocean 23 times and have visited nearly every nation on the globe. 1 have been to the East Indies, the West Indies and every state in the Union but three, and I can say without fear of contra diction that we, have the greatest coun try on the face of God's green earth. But we should educate our people to know it and believe it and stick up for it, as the older countries teach their children. But we are in the progressive age, and who knowB the great lesson this war is teaching America? There are some things this country needs, namely, knowledge of the country we live in, love of country, patriotism and pre paredness. CAPTAIN J. D. TAYLOR. Death of InKeraol. ALBANY, Or.. Feb. 12. (To the Edi tor) Please give the circumstances of Col. Robert G. Ingersol's death. Had he previous illness to his passing, or did he pass out without? Give the cir cumstances as near aB you can. date and hour. S. H. CLEVENGER. Colonel Robert G. Ingersol died very suddenly of heart disease at his home near Dobb'a Ferry, New York, July 21, 1899. He had been subject to that mal ady, however, for three years, suffer ing an attack of It at the Republican National convention in 1896. He died shortly before 1 P. M. He had climbed the stairs and. after a few minutes conversation with his wife, walked across the room and sat down In an easy chair, resting his head In his hands. In response to an inquiry from Mrs." Ingersol he said he felt better. These were his last words. A few min utes later he expired. Plural nnd Sinuular Verb. PORTLAND. Feb. 13. (To the Edi tor.) Please answer which form is correct: "The city are doing consider able work" or "the city is dointr con siderable work." J. G. STEVENS. It is customary in this country to use the singular verb in connection with "city." "country" or "state" wheD the government thereof is meant. In Europe the plural form is the popular one. This loads to some ourious re sults in diplomatic correspondence. The Secretary of State in transmitting a note to Germany, for example, may in the same document treat the imperial government as plural and the United States Government as singular. A hy pothetical sentence might then be worded: "The Government of the United States Is unable to concede the Justice of the policy the imperial gov ernment have adopted I'se of Verb. , PORTLAND, Feb. 13. (To tho Edi tor.) Kindly tell me whether the fol lowing sentence requires a single or plural verb: "The last will and testament of John Doe. deceased, as well as the codicil thereto, is hereby referred to and b this reference made a part hereof as much as if herein fully set forth. The documents referred to are sepa rate and distinct. What ruie governs7 A SUBSCRIBER. - The Binnular verb is correct. : The words "will" and "testament" are syn onymous, and as here used mean the same instrument. The term "as well as" 'means "In addition to" or "equally with." The sentence assumes that the codicil is referred to without question and that in addition the will and tes tament is made a part of the reference Judgment In Lien. ST PAUL. Or.. Feb. 12. (To the Edi tor.) A has Judgment against B. Three months after B gets money from C. The property Is sold at Sheriffs sale for the amount got from C and costs. Does A get anything? If not, what good Is a Judgment? Answer. A should recover the amount cf his Judgment, if B has any property which can legally be attached. If a Judgment Is recovered In tho Cir cuit Court, the Judgment becomes a Hen upon all real property of the judgment debtor, as soon as docketed. Any pur chaser from the Judgment debtor would take the real property, subject to the len. B Is Nearly Right. PORTLAND, Feb. 13. (To the Edi tor.) we wish to decide the follow ing: A says that no liquors can be sentor until after the 24th of each month, and then after that every 28 days. B says you can send any day during the month after the 1st of January and get liquor; that le al lowed bv law, and get it every 28 days. Who is right? J. T. The law provides that you can get the limit not oftener than every 28 days from . January 1. 1916. The 28 days would be figured from the date on which you received the shipment, and the fact that you might not have exercised your right in January would not allow you to receive a double con signment in February. In Other Days x Hnlf n Century Agro. From the Oregonlan of February 14, 3SP0. In accordance with Instructions from the postmaster-General, Postmaster Randall, of this city, has given notice that he is now prepared to furnish orders on any money office in the United States. us more satisfaction to write about than activity In trade and alter a . v. e rirpnrv weather tha avAnucs of trade cut off almost entirely by an inhospitable w inter, it is gratnying ro note the signs of the times as indicated in the results to business. The party given by the Portland Leider Tafel last evening- at their hall, corner of C and Front streets, in point of real enjoyment was of a high order. Josiah B. Johnson, of "Blackfoot City, Montana territory, has been appointed by Governor Gibbs, Commissioner of Deeds for the State of Oregon. George Venable Smith, attorney of this city, has" been appointed by Governor .Meag her, Commisisoner of Deeds for Mon tana. The lecture last evening on the. sub ject. "Ireland and the Irish." delivered by Judge Strong at the Methodist Epis copal Church, was well attended. From Mr. Duncan, superintendent of the Brownsville Woolen Mills, we learn that the factory building is completed and re-tdy for the reception of the ma chinery. The steamship Pacific left her wharf at 5 o'clock last night for San Francis co with $140,000 in treasure in addition to general cargo. Twenty-five Years Ago. From The Oregonlan of February 14, 1S!)1. Mr. and Mrs. D. Ellery. of Spokane, are expected to arrive here soon. They intend making Portland their home. Bill Nye, the well-known statistician and philosopher, has bought a house at Asheville. N. C, and will remove thither in the Spring. Judge George H. Williams has been engaged to address the students of Willamette University next Sunday af ternoon. His address will be in the chapel of the college in the afternoon, and he will speak at the Methodist Church in the evening. V. G. Rogue, who started for Wash ington. D. C., a few days ago, has tele graphed back from Huntington that his wife has been taken dangerously ill in Omaha. The many friends of Mrs. Bogue, who resided here for a number of years, will be sorry to hear of her illness. A lr.rgo party of engineers under J. Q. Barlow IrVis gone over to the Seattle arid Portland road to run new lines in the vicinity of Olympia to see if any easier grades are obtainable. S. H. Friendly, a prominent business man and capitalist of Eugene, Is in this city on business. Hillsboro has decided to issue bonds for the construction of a waterworks and electric lights. Outside capitalists have offered to supply the Improve ments. THHISH MIGRATION IS IlEFLTEU Alaska or Winter Holiin I Coaat IJeni sen. Says Writer. ST. HELENS, Or.. Feb. 13. (To the Editor.) Just a little of your valued space to correct a wrong impression regarding one of our feathered visitors during the recent cold weather, namely, the varied thrush, sometimes called Alaska robin, wood robin, or Winter robin. One of your correspondents, E. L. R., asks why should this bird, being mi gratory and coming from the cold regions to the north, stop here instead of going farther south? p.'ho varied thruBh. or Alaska robin, is not a migratory bird, but a native of this Coast, being found at all sea sons of the year from California to Alaska. It is a bird that likes solitude and seclusion, a different trait than that of our red-breasted friend. It may be found in the dense forests and thickets of the Coast and Cascade Mountains. They are not shy birds in their favorite haunts, and often have I called them within a few yards of me by imitating their evening song, if song it can be called, for it consists of one long, shrill note. I have many times in our Western foreste camped for weeks at a time and listened to them every evening. SAM J. SMITH. Distance to Horizon. PORTLAND, Feb. 8. (To the Edi tor.) Please tell me how far a per son can see with the naked eye on a level prairie or on water. A. READER. If the eye was at an elevation of one foot at sea the horizon would be 1.15 nautical miles away. A nautical mile is 60S0 feet. If you were to stand on the water level with your eye about five feet above the water t lie horizon would be 2.57 nautical miles away under normal conditions. If you were standing on the deck of a boat between 2.1 and 30 feet above water level the horizon would be be tween six and eight nautical miles away. Or, for example, a tower 'J00 feet high would be visible at 20.7.J miles to an observer whose eye is elevated J" feet above the water. If thero were no obstructions practically the same would hold true on a level prairie. 4 , Monrnlng. PORTLAND, Feb. 13. (To the Edi tor.) Kindly tell me what is the proper mourning, if any. for a man to wear in case of the death of father or mother, and how long should it be worn? J- l- M' Mourning is a matter of choice. If a man desires to show he is in mourn ing he may wear a small crepe band on the hat or a black band on tho arm sleeve of the coat. Many men, how ever, do . not consider it necessary more than to abstain from wearing bright hues in neckties and other ap parel. There Is no set time, but one to six months is customary, although some people remain in mourning a year. The Name Is Your Protection When you ask for an advertised article by name, that name is your protection. Behind it is the guarantee of a manufacturer with a reputation to maintain. The dealer who tries to persuade you to take "something just as good" is trying to take away thia protection. Tou may by chance get a sat isfactory substitute, but you know to a certainty the dealer is getting a larger profit. When you see an article adver tised in this newspaper, ask for it by name and insist on getting what you ask for. J'