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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 11, 1916)
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la-. l.i.-1'Ml -l .4.4ie,
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...... i. :a
t. . ; eaaaa. aata
rvrtpn or tmc
fn ti be.irin rf our history
Nalion in t"cit."t ha
vr fi.t.J rbinn of I'.rttAln to
tsrtru tid ef J P '' w
t' f 'T th rr i-m ef ts
wJt p"-". utJ-t orly
t n M of rl'.irBl to CJpur
of It rny n4 lfvp n4
mutiiMt ,tina for o.
h !) (Ulml CTr
rM at 6a
in lt cotwl b4 It eUim lhe
r!it lt thU r. tt U down ln
un.1r M- ! tfuttxia ftIt trd
ilcC or.tr wtt! I' "ml. tta
tr. nf'4n to rr lh
rtro;:Uai 6:!te ef Hwd. tt
Tn.t rot to u!t t' "
tt ferbi'l i.rmw to Import fJ
tt mrty napct to bo do
tSBe.J for tamtoT J C"rc0
Batr,l mr-biil Into errc.lrC- to
oMTo lt rn!r tt BmtW tho H-4JB-TT
of "T cIj of r"'- M:i f1
trI adjoin io CrmBir mar Impart.
p:avin irft a nation "o ration." to
u t.lo iprwioa alpU-i It Hr1U.h
iuimmii. Hr lrtao of naal upr
marr 1-nialn, ba ub.tttut-l Prttlah
U t-t Intcmatioaal law aa tho law
of ttio .
Thto law La nforr.l r"t onty Bjr
viaaaa of auprtor rjil rr. but
tToJh maatrr or tt- h!cf
(otiMrt tSo "4 ' tho half-
way boom cf m!J'fr4. At rT7
ef tbo ;at"a a pa.-fal hip
njkf bo toppoi aa4 may bo prmltt4
to r co It air ocly If It cooforma to
I rn .!! laiw. I"rm ary mlJcoaa
eaUa cr-j'.r a;:r ftrth to atop
anTo wfchro tr tbo hlhay. ac4
taao tam Uto port. Oo tao rvata
from fcnfana to tSo Ortor.t Rrt-aln
bUSa firialtar. conmalhlltc tho Jub.
r.oo, of to At:aatJ tx and Madl-tf-ran.a
Malta aj-J Cjprua.
tratrcll potota In tno lattar aoa;
rcTpt. otnrtva.-4ia tho Cioal
a a 4 IU4 I-: Ar tn. kkh com
maa.So ctto axis Icto tho ladJ-aa tVaaa:
-Tta ani many fciiacia avattra4
tftroocS tao loiua tKaan: tho I'rr
aiaa Oo!.'. wfcl'.h o mrty a Hrtt;ai
Laaa: fnapcr. domtnHB tfvo Ma
Uy trita. ac4 lIjrkoec t!o traat
ou'.pont oo tho OiW :oat.
Jirttaia ton Iiort ammn tna
MaUy lIaB-l. Zanj!tA. oft tha at
AJTrK-aa eoaat; Mnr.t;. to mU-Io-d
iaa iv.aa. ?t. IWUna. la m!4-At-tactic.
lo ra.U-l tUn4a. at aay
d.afaa-o from Maa"IUa ftraii. a--mrl
Wtt iBdVan b.ia4a. uarltn tio
fariSCwao Sn. !! fapo of tiooU Hop.
A'latroilA 4 rnur Sitn rrin:
las.ia. Sv U tn rootao a-roio
aa.t btoo to otfr aro Kuardal
N aS!p caa fforn, twoao to oraaa
r aroo aay x .- wtthoqt raUtea at
a Hrt;n port. bro It naat buj
lru. roai al4 aorni t maawaao r
lmtaia a:ni"4 lt domtBaJttl po-al'-iaa
at aol r.ty by aupraroo naal
esratn. fc rro6lea tJlaoo poinu
f aBtaa-o at ary' cprortoalty. tt
hot'a many of ta-m In dijavt cor.r.iet
it It prtB.i4 pra,4l.i. aa cfuaftt.
poo f Nar.i.-oal r'! If lboa r.t
war aoo-t.J. liibraltar would bo
h.U by Sl. Malta by Ua'y. l ypraa
by Orc. A 4on by Arabia cr Turk j.
lianikor by fc.r.a an4 o on. TTiaj
war taa by t'rvo an. I aro held by
f-.n-a. afcatrt rlM a.0- thrlf
f.t tnng aa Iir-.taia hotd.a taaao ara!
aUi pinta an4 rmln aapromo at
tsa frao'Jjro of tho la a mar
f'4-iro of ajaova. t It (iUU oaty '
nnuia'a plaa-uro. Ife4fa of tirttNh
rJ aapramavy aay taat HrvtAia ba
fA Ita atnrr'o oo t6o aa la rdr
to naba tho aaaa rrao. bo fpola
ciaima'l a-t-l domiaioo aar on.
tiro ocean. Hr'.uia. taay aa. U4 tha
oiarttm-.o natl'T.a ta iplonea' tfco ,
to lrolT- f ow rosta. lo atfppraaaw
ta pirat-y. la rtsartls tho watara and
la oar Ua" aafa c&aasaio an4 dxr
.a rovba TRay aay thair eoaatry
baa a lad bo tod f ir ttaao aorrtcaa t
t-urjMKa but baa k;l tho aaa a
frao to ot.lar BaUooo a to Itatf. Brit
xa tbay aay. baa oad f a BaJ par
to aupport of tattoo atrtyln tor frao
aam aala d'apotum. That I tra
of tlma ef poa-. bat l.ritala bo
aooaor oea.a So ar l.a It oa-a
lu coal powar to croaa It a4r
Arf la Futoioao diaravard of lAo rtht
of othar Batlooa co ocaaa hihar.
At ua t! tho law cf tho aao la
Iiri:ja law. Fraadacn of tha aaa raa
aot bo aaxt to asiat wbao a alaa'.o aa
Ua br mro frr ma and -pan
it at tta wlU ta law etaJ;ihlr.
fraodona. It tU bo iwcura only wba
aUI aaiiona bao a ou-o la ma kmc and
waao bo eatua ba tn powar to aua
pood that U. and hco tho rata bo.
twaas ta oraao. aro uadar latarna
TRo fraodom of tho aaa tjr which
Amarlcasa costand la not to bo coo
fa.Md wlt that atranro diatortloo cf
th Mm prta--i;I whu-a b aot forta
by Harr tcrcbur oo bhalf of Gar
nar.y. ta a poc at Naw Vark
rar axo to avid. "Tho rtbta of ea
tloea caaao wlta tbo tcrrttnrtal llao of
t..ro miiao frooa low two. ai.i r a
cUrUloU hi Biaaalcc whao bo addad:
To wt ra ta ta rt ". W W
aitliiu taal - anaJ
mt' -tT U - BtntMl air mt .1
aoKVO . - T aM.tia traaa a4
aailtniM Iki ! .rit-rT af ac-
mm tnta -tri!a4 '' laa 4
Mar4 a V
ta olAar word, inaritlmo naliooa
amuat Bot bo tmlt!'d tracaport
iaM orr tho a-a. rr that la to bo
aautraaad. but tnutary powara aiay.
ta coao of "miLtary aat-aaaltj." croao
tao laal froauar iBto r.autrlUr4
-,rtataav aTrtdoat IhU U a now daflBl
Uoa avado to Ct Carmaay' eaao. tt
wa aot tsoa-at of rwanty rar ao.
wbaa Carrasy tx-raa t ba!M a frrut
BAry. for cf wtat ttao woolj that Bary
I,. ,i aaatraitsad a Ormaa mil.
ivary aa t ocooomlc poJieT ba M baan
ooca aa to warraat bolif that tba fra
laas ft lo) aoaa jauid bo aaix u
a.-. 4 .i
M. . - i -:
r- 4 a- --
41 -4 all- 4
dr Carman than undar Prltlh juar-
Tho AmrrUnn conception of thl
craal prtnrlplo t written Into oyry
raco of Amartran hlatnry. It U dif
ferent from toih tho Urttiah and Ger
man eoncaptlor. In defendlrc It
from on bllirrrt. tho l"nltel Statc
dora not arvrpt tho other" deflnlUon:
tt atand for It on aealnat both of
the rrriuTT or hokih
In hi rcont apo'ch at Io Maine,
rroaldent Wtlaon aald:
r. ym. ii I r - atnatioa la a ao-b
li an iha r da I caa la airlta
aMaaaaaa ail aiiar '' aS prafl
tt ta ailra ordinary that tho Treai
dent huM at thl lata day hao real
u4 tho futility of maro wrd In
)M!icr with tbo all nation In which h
fin. La tho Amatli-an Nation. I It poo
atblo that ho had In mind tho eiperi
rooo of Ma predeceaaor. iluchanan. of
whom Mc"a.l on in hi -Uf of
:ar at a -a vmvr Hal
aa aa tra:i44
l- 4.,rf tival..a af a. r a.)fii
a4 tftla al'.a la I aa raal aaaara a la
.i4tlM. Ilia raiMtal at r.al awaaTiw
a.aav-a fa l rifirj A aa tf faatf can
ji-uaaaiy aa acia af aia what aaraar.
la both raa a or find facility of -
praaaion combined with wrakrea In
action, in in aa in - ' -
of llttl aval!; tho Uutlon caal for
itta tkiko 1 c m av.
Jua'.lc llucha ha fT tho third
Umo fitind It -ipdtent to aay anma
iainT about tha formldabl moremant
within tho Bapub'.lcaa party to maa
hlna tt candidal for Irtdcnl. it
wt:i bo wall for all thoao cttlaan who
aro lntorvatod la kcoln Juat where
ho atand t read tho Hughe Ulier
to tho chairman of tho Virjlnla K-publk-aa
at.ito commttta. a follow:
t la antifaT ami af H'! aa4 I know
la(&:i oaatav-r t t&a asactara ta ajfexlfc
rao r-l-. 1 aaa lata r pa4 lo IN" a
a tar la aa M"a wlia I aam
laolla aa ta IHa a atial ar aarala
mt mnr a-.claa la mj lacaraat. a.iaae i
raw? aa raata:r.
Ther la tiothlr In tho tartar ral
ruUtel to top tha campaisn for Mr.
llucha. nor to deprea tha aplrlta or
hopo of It promoter. On mar read
It up and down, backward and for
ward. cutJid and ln!:. ard all to b
ma4 out of It i that Juatlc Ituche
t orneiy rolcc about hi own bual
aw, will pot decline a coinloa.
tlon not tendered: and ha ' no
Intimation that ho ""ill dcclta If
A pntat latter to Tho Orecnnlan
from a dUtincvlaheJ. Orrfoa Uwyer
ha thl paracraph:
I aaj af aaialao tkat Ikka talk atatl tka
ai:ir mt taa luaMn af t&a aa ta a. I
aara aaaat. aa4 taal la aaa"e I ha paap.a
raa:i taal a at aaa a-r mt tka a iprama Curl
a Jnat aa aaaa a. m.mlm I la I'raaManr
a ai-4-a otiaa la aeiiar II a lor a.i
What I thl Bw-foucd dirlr.lry that
doth hei a Judca? Ho de not
ceaao to bo laraatod with tho prl
tUecea. prarnfaUrea aivd duties of
Amaru-art cltuenahip when ha mount
row a politic t- m ra wb i-otht.
It may bo tnir, aa Mr. Hartee Indi
cate tn a letter pubtlhad today, that
tha appointment of Mr. Ilranjel to
tho Supremo Court T.U tho bocialtatar
l.'.a of proportiooal rc preaentatlon.
tlul tho Slociailat party platform dea
Bot opntf avow It. While advocaimc
proportiocal rapreaar.tatlon. it do
a-l pcifualty urf It application to
th court. It would, howater. deny
tha tiurrvrn fourt th r!ht to f"
upoo th conatltu'.lonaiity of National
UaUUtion: aboljft atl Ka.!erl iMatrUt
Court and Court of Appeal, and
tracfer their JurU4icti-n to :(
coan. and lct all Ju !-e for hort
trm. That ta all. but It I quit a
Now that It I mentioned by ono
ef our l-cal rwiatiet. th arrument
la bha!f cf Mr. lirandeiaf rorfirma
tl'n d' ar cor.ldarbiy of th ar
fsntnu for proportional represent
tioa. They ar antaconlatlo la th
theory cf a non-partuan Judiciary
ahkb Ih Mai Ked-rllon of Labor
of orec n end.r4 in 114-
la Mr. Iure opinion. eemlncty.
th chief o.uir.-Btton corwldarad In
m!nc op tho rlupram llench ahould
to what tha member ball: aUl
political crd houid ha rarreaan
tatioa In accordanc with It Bum
kar. Th theory of a Bon-partiaan
ludUiary la tal Juetice ahouid ba
choaoa for their horetjr and Judicial
abiify. ao matter what their political
Mr. lunet certainTy apeak without
authority. In iew of th 11 labor
reul-itiotv. la rlaalnc th Irad union
Ui with th I.-ia;Lat la dcalrlnc
proportional representation cn th
If. to ptaea cf proaeatlnc a' Tac
tion and apecalatltv conccrr.lr. r th
pt. Mr. Karsaa or thaa who acre
with him would cite th daemon cf
th rraaer.t tfupremo Court which to
thana ladicala that that tribunal Bead
a leavea ef radualtam. their taw
would bo mad stroBcer.
a- - J
Tti nam of ET. Cook ha a farnlt
ur riac to it. It I a nam w hail
not fone(ln a hurry, aoj thar la
llttl doubt but that th aritwhlle
Urooklyn eiplorer will b known In
centune to com yn thoufh hi
principal exploraUon wr purely
paTchotoctcaL Howayar. tbo particu
lar Ir. Cook wo bar In mind 1 sot
th am oo who sauntered lelaurely
t j th ummil of Mount McKlnley and
later took an rly-mornlr. troll to
th North Pol. Th he eat Cook
touriat Into myatertou realm 1 Ir.
Chart Hall Cook and hi principal
exploration bar been In fhoatdom.
J oat to ahow that h I on Intimate
term with tha ptnu ho ba had hi
photocraph taken in th company of
The doctor ha reported the phe
nomena to the American Society for
!;cMca! Research and th aoclely
ha recorded M obnerratlona In It
offlctal Journal for February. It ap
pear that tho doctor I not bothered
by pirtt except when ho . no
hi plctur taken. Then thar ob
trude lhrmMl upon th necattae.
Ob epirlt. that of a beautiful yoanc
woman. Inalat upon reatlrc her head
upon tha lapel of hi coat- Hupp"
domeatic queatlon had bean raia4
and th doctor could not hay proved
that It waa th fac of a aplrit! Ilut
th phototjraphar awaar moat o!emn
ty that no oca at aaa In th room.
Anolhar plctur ahow a ditln
culahcd fac In th plctur. Not a
th focal canter, w take It. but In the
ba-karoaBd dlmty outlined la Qlmy,
barely discernible dataiia. Inquiry
ha roninced tha doctor that th llke
Ba la that of th Jutly celebrated
awadenborc. altbouch no explanation
la offered cf whr th (Pint of Hden
borc ahouid daair a photorrphl- Jit
tt te rnni'i humbl creaenca.
ji tUva :itas-4a tor tii aia&rtcaa
TTTT. MOT.XIXG OHEGOXIAX. FRIDAY. FEBRUARY 11, 1916.
f r rrvrhlral Research Invarl
ably are thrlUlnc. Kxpertence with
hoat are forever bains' recounted.
Snir.t nhoinrranhv of a kind la a
hoary mrjndtc. Hut of coume thl
thine of havlnc th plrlt hanclnc
about th picture-man" irtudlo with,
out hk knowelc l omethlnc new.
Dr. Cook certainly haa opened up a
brand new field of Inquiry and rc
ararcb. It behoore tho other Tr.
Cook to look to hi laurel.
rTTTIXO OX THE CltXW.
XVit1 artma men BUKTect th cxlat-
tnc of an IllerU combination aa the
cauaa of tha recent ru in the pne
nuiim. rallfornlan trac It to th
depreaainc effect which th with
drawal of oil land from development
ha had on oil production.
When President Tart wunarew on
i e-nm trw-aii.n in 10 many men
wer drllllrc well In California In
th hope of dWoverinc oil and of
then acqulrinr; ncht under th placer
mir.lnc law. Their operation wer
uapended and their money waa loU
thouch they had been actinc In cood
faith under exletmc law. mwo
. ..L. rVAmu foe relief, and all
Caitfornla aeem to b behind them.
Production tn November l aia lo
. noa BOO barrel short of
aalea. and to thl fact la attributed
th advance In price, wnicn dm nic
at every California Induatry. oil being
.... .i.i.-a rh.in fueL It ha
at ruck alo at th wholw PaciHe Coact.
wher California on i ccnnW
w.in lana and Cor.rre are
wlltln to clve th oil men relief, but
only on their oan term, i ney n
i r, .-n .1 in tha nnarat leaalnc bill a
provtao that pron who hav de
veloped oil well may lea th land
around them provided location were
mad prtor to the Taft withdrawal.
Thu California I offered tho alterna
tive of acceptlnr a bill which, tho mi
nority of th Ilouao tommiiin aj.
i .lAininn rt tha mornL 1'cl.
equitable and conatltutlonal nrhl of
th Wtern tte. and tn contraven-
. -a .n.htiTiv art bv whirh they
wer admitted Into th I nlon." or of
crttlr.r no relief. Hy connlvinc at mil
.Li.ima ..a ih riahta of the at ate.
California can (el oil. It can uphold
ii. rtrhta only at the con oi injus
tice to many of It clUxcr. and of In-
Jury to all conaumera oi ruei on. nun
i :.....n.niil nower Is thu abunod
at th Inception of uch lejtlalatlon.
what may w expect irora n auiuni
lutratton? roioxintAH QCAfutrL rtn r.
r-ninhiii'a claim Bcainst tha United
State 1 baaed on th allegation that
the United State Incited anu ajueu
.... in.. Kr whi.-h Panama ea-
tablLahcd It Independc. In 10I and
n.ai b then enlerlrc Into a treaty
with ranama for th Canal and rall
m.A Mi.rHinni tha United Elates de
prived Colombia of valuab! rlchU and
property. A to me riin i "
to sce-le. tha coao waa thu summed
up by rVcretary Hoot In a dlnpateh to
tho ColombUn Minuter In 1J0:
... U . I . af Pan
i4.'m.MC.M In lie orll ana ir lUwi
.mM t tarma hi. b ,.raar.a4 'I
1 1 r. j 1 1.4 " ... .1. IH.
.a.r.a Ibal oar.B:r: Ihal la
-ar li IT l-at woi'-n m
..taar .i.iaa af Volrnnhia brok'O ana
l.ial'H H roletnM. and tha J' ar"f-
ut lulli Ir i.ir.a; mai n : .
ete.. 4-.mlo.tioa I- M.-lt
...r c.w.!l. I "41 It aa J""" . ,
i amrt Ita araint . 1 4-iranil ! in.
. ...... - . Kir. aaa tir.laa-
lal. mvrtmmlm 4 tfrannlcal.
i . i, rViare that tha United
State incited and aided tha revolution
In Panama, w have th ttement
of M. Itunar-Varllla. on of the prime
n,'n in th revolution. In a rr-
aonal Interview on October . 10J,
b rrt4lctd thla vent to -reiaent
Kooeevrlt- Th United Stale belli
bound br treaty to protect freedom of
. .. .... i. . utiimiii th 1'real-
1 1 .i : I v ivw . . . -
dent ordered Naval force to prepare
. - .. I -.i. Tfcaa
to sail tor I enaroa ar.u v-uiu...
forvea were uaed to prevent transport
of Colombian troope from Colon to
Panama and to prevent inmin v
the line of lrani.il. In thu acting
ii. i'..ti followed the conairuc
lion of th Colombian treaty of I ISO
which had been roiiowea r n
cratic predeceaaor. President Cleve
land. In 1S-and on other occasion
whan claturbanee aro.
Panama havlrg proclaimed in'ie-ran-lcnce.
asked recotrnltlon by the
I'.ia.l kli.ff fe ttooaeVrlt DrOtnDt-
K. kti . . . . - - . . . - - - '
ly cav It and followed up thla action
i. . ...LI., m Iraatv w herohy th
United btatr cuaraMeed the Independ
ence cf Panama and th new republic
craoled Canal concession. Colombia
aa thl action wa unfrtendly to her
and dTTtved her cf valuable property.
Th United ttate certainly had as
much rtcht to recocnli Panama' In
dependence of Colombia aa It had
naarty a century o to racpgnix t-o-lombla'a
Independenc cf Spain. Then
had Colombia' conduct toward thl
. .v a ertendlv as to estab-
lUh a claim to reciprocal frtendshlpT
That brtr.ca up th subject of our
negotiation with Colombia for a Canal
Tho concession to th reonranlxed
Panama Canal Company had been ex
tended to tKrtooer i, iivi, utu
further xtenalon of IX year wa
granted in ! upon payment of II.
000.000 to Colombia by the company.
Thi cxtacaion was granted by
President Sanclement In a period
when Colombia waa In a tat of siege
...... 4. I
,r.d when th conatuuiion gave mm
almost unlimited power. Wilfred H.
Schott. of Philadelphia, who haa re
viewed all tha proceedings, say that
hi action waa clearly constitutional
I i ...4 n. aarlfleatlnn by the
mm iviuiic "
Colombian Conrres. When tha United
State had mad an agreement amu
tha Canal company to purchase It
franchise and property for 140,000.000.
V ... tr.v .ml f Inbrter KerTan.
of Colombia, lcned th Hay-Herran
treaty by whlcn loiomoa granicu mo
I nlled tata a new cunrnaiun
inui ua riih .nd 12i0 000 a rear.
Thl treaty wa ratified by th United
State Snto, but required the ratifi
cation cf tha ColombUn Penatc.
Vice-President Marroqum ana m
Liberal party of Colombia w Lined to
serur for their country not only the
110.000.000 and $:&0.000 a year which
... . k. n.iii for the nv conces-
slon and fr permission to tho com
pany to Sell, nui inn w,vv.vvw,
a Urge part of tt. which aa to b
paid for the French company prop
erty and concession. They therefor
claimed that the extension w Invalid
unlea ratified fev th Colombian Con
cres. During Sanclemant' absence
from Bogota. Marroquln declared hlm
eif acting President, captured and
Imprisoned Sanclmnt and hi up
porter and atarted a civil wsr which
lasted three year and ended in Marro-q-iln'
triumph. A new- ronrre was
elected, of which Hunar-VarilU sas:
t artr iv clfnnmarM-.a tha a:-roaa In
l-a.mal. ara ta. I an r 'n power
- . . k.. I., rim trl
:iPa I -i - - -
1M.lauaacUwu. a. aauw ft main
af aa.dler apontneoiil take the place of
tba alectora and pa.k tha ballot-box wltn
The Congress thus elected claimed
the riht to annul tho six-year cxtcn
.inn an demnniled as conditions of
ratifying the treaty an increase in th4
cash r-ment from the unuea nmira
to tlJ.000.000 and a stipulation that
tho Canal Company pay Colombia $10,
000.000 for the right to transfer its
property. It proposed, if theso termr
were not granted, to annul the exten--sion.
to repay the 1 1.000.000 paid for
it and to forfeit the entire property.
This proposition waa rejected by the
Unitei States. The Colombian Con
gress then rejected the treaty and de
ferred further action with a view to
earning out its threat.
irt.r th I'nnjim. revolution. Gen-
era! Heyes. on behalf of Colombia,
offered to declure martial law ana to
mifv th treatv tv decree or to "call
an extra session of Congres with new
and friendly member- to raxiry it, it
the United States would land troops
Thla proposition was rejected.
The conclusion is Clear u in re
fining to concede Colombia' term the
United 8tate simply refused to yield
i. . . r. . nf hlurkmnl ! nra who had
violently seized tho government and
who proposed to repudiate a valid con
tract. In recognizing and treating
with Panama the United State recog.
nixed the undoubted light of a sov
ereign slat to secede from the Co
lombian confederation. We owe Co
lombia neither apology nor money.
An apology would be National dis
honor; to pay money wouia oe to pa
T-K . -.a., arhn mlvaa tha fOntonL Of
a bottle of Jamnlca ginger and a bot-
t. a .atilla 4Ttnirf nnH drinks them
simply wants to get drunk and suc-
....I. Cnntlniiallntl will kill him.
while Imprisonment cannot stop him
except while in durance.
Always somebody interfere at the
wrong tlm to spoil experiments. Here
now is the case of a man who has
been feeding his horse sawdust all
Winter and a humane officer arrests
him beforo a result la determined.
Th aviator hnvs distinguished
themselves by their ability to fight
like sportsmen In this war of deviltry.
Tho incident of the breeches on the
western front Is an agTceable roller
from tales of horror.
Gnsollno will not go higher, prob
sbly. Mr. Rockefeller has gone to
Florida for the rest of the Winter and.
being a careful man, of courso he has
ecoug-h money for the trip.
iwx .' Ltl.J .tM... waa a-tvan fl
las liar i n . - y i . .s . r. -
.it -... nf thr.4 months and
J.l i l Brim v. -
gave notice of appeal, for there' many
a ellp between term and tha county
Jail in the Into Winter.
Guard aro placed on Brooklyn
bridge when American vessels pass
undor. Still, our Navy Is so small that
no one shoulj find any particular ob
ject in moletlng It.
fr Ford's nence Dllirrimaffe soems
to have had an effect the reverse of
that Intended. After seeing i-urope,
some of hi pilgrim return shouting
R.minr'a objection to entering a
general peace conference is a good aa
saying she can see no rrco u.mi
Great Britain La whipped.
If Brandrla has anything In his past
It will come out now. A man never
know how wicked he Is until he heeds
the call of public office.
Allien tne motormtn win -m -,!
for the old law ir sne goes ior i
find out when he is coming home, and
HO UIU47 II". .
Prince Oscar ha left the army on
account of his heart. If no place
for a man with a bad heart, a thick
head or a weak spine.
Not since the time of John C. Cal
houn ha a Vice-President been re
elected, but Tom Marshall thinks the
precedent Is cod.
The Importation of a million-dollar
pearl necklace by a New Tork Jeweler
hows great confidence In business
If report that th German raider
ha been captured should prove true.
It career wjll have been brief but
The fellow ho "wore their woven
wir B. V. V:u during the cold spelt
and boasted of It, think thl la real
That eitrantlo nlot of Teuton to set
Ih Far Kast afire with revolt reads
like a dream Induced by mandragora.
17 .... ,4 m rta ar In Mivflm and B SOOD
rA r. Rullfrne ret his thorax
Umber he will sing the song of Spring.
A Tennessee postoffice vcas swept
.war hv floods. More work for the
Tennessee deleeales In Congress.
r.... .... h.. vii arithout n ruin era
the lone robber of tho Union Vacific
train ha a show to get away.
Radical a Loul Brandels 1s gen
erally considered, he is now attacked
for not being radical enough.
Anvhnriv can have a dream of In
vasion of this country If ho eats the
right food at a late hour.
tiA.-n th T.imlLania incident will
loom up again, sooner or later. It
refuse to slumber long.
Ninety day in Jail for filling "wink
orders" at a temperance bar should
discourage the practice
JUSt a BUitKeouvii iu vi. " "
day orators at tho schools: Stop before
tiring the children.
Congres decides to hasten defense
plana. But Congressional speed, at
best. Is nall-llke.
A mud slide has irrlslstlble force
and all man can do is to wait until
It has ceased.
The coat etipply Js declared ample.
Now if our cah only holds out.
Evidently the river ha no Intention
of observing the "dry" law.
An ordinance Is needed to stop tell
ing stories In Jltnevs.
Wo'll bo paddling to the office in
a gondola, yet.
Wet though It may this ! wei-
coma weather. ........
How to Keep Well
li y i Jr. 4 . j. i -. . ..
Qurationa pertinent to byrieno.
and "revenllSi of dlae. If matter, of gen
ral Uitare.t. will be aiiawered In thla col
umn. Where apaca will not Pe"".1'?'.?;
.nhject la not aultable itr. will b par
.on.lly anaaered. aubject to Pfoper hmitJJ;
l. on. and wbera etamped. addrauwd an
vlopa la ineloacd. Ir. Evana 111 not mke
dlai.no.1. or prccrlbe lor n,dlv'd"a', d'b.
iu.i. Kequeai. for auch aervice cannot be
"'oo'rT-right. i!.i. by rrr UhaSSo
PiihiKhed by arrangerneot with Chicago
There ia alway a little typhus of a
mild type widely scattered over the
United iStates. Partly by reason of dis
turbed conditions In Europe, but prin-
lpall- by reason, of conditions In
M-.xico. there Is some danger to the
people or this eountry of that virulent
fo'in cf tnhoid known as prlsor. fever,
ship lever and camp fever.
Typhus fever somewhat resembles
typhoid fever. Most cases of mild ty
phoid are called modified typhoid or
atypical typhoid. In New York for a
while they called this mild typhus
Brill's disease. This form of typhus
runs a count omewhat like typhoid.
ilia nvauav.ua .a .. . -
of typhoid. The blood does not give
a Widal test.
. . j a . ... v. ii ia much more
severe disease. The headache is very
violent ana exnauenon ia 14..
. - . .nnt. nn th body
riliciuc . w " -. --
typhus spots are characteristic of the
disease. I have seen one case die
within J4 hour or tne peginning oi mo
The sanitary authorltle nave snown
.. . . . . . ....I .. anlrf.mln Of
inrir aouiiy 40 .m.. -
typhus within a few weeks. They know
what to do. and. glv them absolute
authority, they guarantee results.
Tha methods employed for checking
an epidemic are two vaccination and
the control of lice. The vaccine used
la that devlaed by Dr. Plots, of Mount
Sinai Hospital. New York. It consists
of four Injections given st five-day in
tervals. First injection, about 4 minims.
500.000.0UO bacteria, r-econu, auuui. a
. 4 AlA AAA AAA h.fl.rlfl Third.
minima, x.vw.www.vw ........ .
about minims. 1.003.000.000 bacteria.
, . . AAA AAA AAA
Fourth about la minims, 4,vw,v,uvv
bacteria. . A ,
. j . .. ....1. in tha Interior
1 lie ningcr 4i I . -
of thla country is not great enough to
. . 1 .... . t tvnhm vaccine.
warrmnr. 4110 ua. '
The American Smelter Company Is
using It among tne tropwj" ....
families In Mexico.
The second part of the method for
the control of the disease employed by
n. 41.. .i . . ait ntnera who are com
bating typhus now consists in efforts
at the eradication of lice. Of all human
parasites -avhlch infect the people of
the United States lice are the most
nearly universal. Tney are me oane 01
school teachers, school nurses and
school Inspectors. The nuisance of the
thing Is enough for some people. The
nuiuance plus the danger should be
incentive enough for all people. They
aay we are gotnu to follow up a yellow
foverless Cuba and a malarialess Pana
ma with a louseless Mexiro. Why not
begin with a louseless Chicago. Bos
ton Memphis and Portland?
The best remedy against lice Is kero
sene oil. Hairy parts of the body are
to be washed with equal parts of kero
sene and vinegar. The hair soaked in
the mixture is to be covered with a
towel for one hour. Then some or the
oil Is cleaned out and the hair is Iftjt
undisturbed for 12 hours. It Is then
washed in carbollo soap. Twenty-four
hours later the process Is to be re
peated. Kerosene kills the lice and
vinegar kills the nits. Washable cloth
ing is to be boiled. Clotbint? which
cannot be boiled can sometimes be
washed with kerosene or kerosene and
soapsuds. In times of epidemic the bed
is covered by a spread which haa been
sponged with kerosene. The bed posts
and thealegs of chairs are set in kero
1'hvslcians and nurses wnomusicomo
in contact with infected lice wear silk
underwear and a apeclal outer garment
devised to keep out lice. This garment
la closed at the ankles and wrists with
adhesive strips and kerosene ointments
are used at the wrists, ankles, and neck
to keep the lice off. This outer garment
la removed and boiled after each visit
to Infected quarters.
In Chicago about the only precaution
needed Is the kerosene-vinegar wash
for the hnlry parts of the body and
boiling the underwear.
A subscriber writes: "I am a man 26
years old. feet 3 inches high, and
weigh 170 pounds. I have inflamma
tory rheumatlxm. contracted three
years ago after a cold. 1. Is there any
way I could cure same? -. Is hard
work, such as heavy lifting, etc.. In
jurious? J. Would it be dangerous to
encage In wrestling, boxing or like
exercises? 4. Is there sny remedy
which If followed would effect a per
I To tha extent of paaalns a pbr.lral ex
amination, probably not. With Rood I care
and raraful llvira thla ahould ba no handi
cap tj your work.
It I. mora apt to l. In your ca.a than
for a nun with an undamaged hrart. but
tha eruent dapenda upon the condition 01
your heart at tha prent time.
il 1ul aa.iln dapend. on preaent eonai
llona. It ra;hl or It might not. Certainly
you ihould l.a carefully watched If under
golnr m .evere a .train. ,
4 Tha leak make, your heart do more
work than a normal heart. Ju.t aa a leaky
pump w..uld have to ba worked faster to
trroa- tlia ma amount of water as a good
one. Good aeneral care with apeclal refer
ence to throat and teeth Is about all that
ran be dona. If you go to a phy.lcian. be
ura he Is competent to Judge your ca
and adrl.e you.
Care of Wart.
M. E. writes: "I intend to give up
smoking and If you think that nitrate
of allver would be of any help to me
I would request to kindly let me know
how I shall use same and how often.
Also please advise me how to cure
warts. I have been troubled with them
for a long time and can't get rid of
1. Will puhll.h tobacco cure shortly.
Heat needlo red hot and pierce wart.
Or crease th surroundlnc surface of the
wart with vellna or cold cream and touch
with silver Sltrata .tick. P.epeat treatment
until arart dlsappeara which usually re
quires several days.
. r t r" U.' hat wrAtil.1
.41 J. ..I. " I I ltD. V . ' ' ...- -
cauii dizziness to last for three months?
(2) How long aoes a nervous ortsn
down last when patient Is not bed-
1. Inteatinsl toxemia nervouaneas. Man
ure', dl.ease. or eoine middle ear disorder
or dlaes.. .
S. There la no way of knowing.
Citlsenablp of Widow.
PORTLAND. Feb. 10. (To the Kditor.)
I was born and raised In Douglas
County of American parents and had
never been out of the state. I mar
ried. 20 year go. an Englishman who
had no citizenship papers, nor did he
ever take out any. He has been dead
10 years. Have I not a right to vote
since his death? I am told hi dying
an alien disfranchised me? Also I have
a cousin who married a Flnlander who
never took out papers. She has been
divorced. Doe that restore her citi
The law provides that when the
marital relation Is severed the woman,
who took the nationality of the hus
band on marriage, may resume her
American citizenship by returning to
or continuing to reside in the United
States, or by registering with the
American Consul abroad within one
year. Death no doubt may be con
strued a severing the marital rela
tion. You and your cousin, therefore,
are "American citizens If nothing has
occurred otherwise to affect your
soiling aa citizonn
rnopoirrioAi. pla for court
Socialist Want . Political, tiot Ron
Partisan, Supreme Bench.
PORTLAND, Feb. 10. (To the Ed
itor.) It is because I believe in, and
that tha Government of these United
Slates was intended to be, a demo
cratic government, founded on democ
racy and administered in a representa
tive manner that I write this letter.
It is because of the violation of and
the disrespect for these principles that
.11 ji,L-n..t fnr irnvernment exists.
It is, probably, because President Wil
son realizes there is a "judicial bed
lam" among the citizenry, wno arc mo
real Judges, that he made the appoint
ment of Louis Brandels to the Supreme
If any proportionate number of citi
zens believe in any certain thing they
have a right, in that proportion, to be
heard where education and government
emanates. If. since they have been
grouped together, the trade-unionists,
the socialists and the anarchists, form,
as they do, a proportionate number of
the citizenry, they must be proportion
ately represented, or the Government
does not derive its "power from the
consent of the government" and we
have not a representative democratic
government. It is surprising how this
Idea of autocratic government prevails
to the extent that it does.
We should be taught, if we do not
understand, that it was on account of
the lack of fair representation or, rath
er, misrepresentation in the Judiciary
in the "Dred Scott decision" that de
nied the rights of minority considera
tion, that this Nation was plunged
Into the civil war of the Re
bellion. Had proportionate representa
tion. In state Assemblies, In National
Congress and in courts of justice been
the programme it would not have taken
a civil war to have set in motion the
forces that educated the people against
slavery. We must understand that it
was not the war that brought about
the changed opinion, now universal, of
the rights of the colored race, but the
education that followed the war. which
should have preceded the war, and
there would have been no war. The
President probably foresees another
nm Scott decision with regard to labor
and has acted wisely.
We trust the North laKima jtepiiDiic
did not speak more wisely than it knew
in the interests of good government.
It is not the denial of representation,
but the enforcement of it, that will
perpetuate democracy. Autocracy In
..i.i.t.i-inv tha nffHim nf thin Gov
ernment, such as The Oregonian stands
for in the Brandels supreme i,ouri ap
pointment, in United States Congress,
In state Legislatures, as well as in
municipalities, is destructive of gov
ernment such as Is declared for in the
Constitution. It is Just such misrepre-
........ .nv.rtim.nl that has olunvred
Europe into this awful war. It Is gov
ernment by an exclusive, aoimuaiius
class without regard for others. It is
the price we have paid and are paying
for lack of representation In govern
ment. When will autocracy cease and the
world's savior, democracy, solve the
problem of civilization?
C. W. BARZEE.
Mr. Barzee's speculations over the
Dred Scott decision are peculiar.
When two elements aro willing to fight
over a principle, the idea that a court
decision in favor of one will insure
peace while a decision in favor of the
other will reduce the issue to a matter
of peaceful education is novel, to say
RATE JUSTICE JS
R. E. Karr, of Canby, Make Suggestion
as to Aatorla Problem.
CANBY, Or., Feb. 9. (To the Ed
itor.) About the Portland-Astoria rate
business, may 1 ask someone, perhaps
it should be an -expert." would it be
cheaper to haul 180 cars of wheat from
Portland to Flavel by railroad than
It would be by water? Also would it
be cheaper to bring in a cargo of sev
eral thousand tons, stop at Flavel. dis
charge and load same on railway cars,
haul up and again unload at Portland,
than it would be for the ship to glide
right along to Portland and handle car
go once instead of three times?
Let us have a deep channel from
Portland to the sea, with proportionate
rates for the difference in the railway
haul over either Flavel or Puget Sound.
That is only asking Justice.
R. E. KARR.
Allen Wife' Rights.
ABERDEEN', Wash.. Feb. 9. (To the
Editor.) Will you kindly answer a
question through The Oregonian re
garding the legal status of a native
born American woman, married to an
alien, whose marriage took place prior
to the passing of the ' alien law"? Has
she a right to vote or does that law
affect her the same as if she had mar
ried an alien after the enactment of
that law? . K- w-
A woman who marries an alien takes
the nationality of the husband, and her
right to vote depends on whether he
meets the requirements. The recent alien
voting law has caused Eome confusion,
but the authorities deny the right of a
woman married to an alien to vote un
til the husband has met the require
ments. Taking Additional Land.
FOREST GROVE, Or.. Feb. 9. (To
the Editor.) Can a man that has al
ready taken 160 acres as a homestead
take an additional 160?
If a man has proved up under the
five-year occupation law he is not en
titled to make entry on any additional
land. If he haa commuted and paid a
certain sum per acre for the land upon
which he has commuted he is entitled
to make another entry, with the ful
fillment of certain other conditions.
Application to the land office. Worces
ter building, of this city, should be
made for a complete copy of tho land
Thl Aotolat Suggeat Way.
PORTLAND, Feb. 10. (To the Edi
tor.) One of the recent arrivals from
the country and at present a resident
on Elliott avenue has yet to learn that
the Etreet is no playground for chil
dren. Just because you haven't a car,
don't envy the fellow who has one, and
don't take it for granted that every
driver is after your child's scalp. If
you cannot provide a place besides the
street for your children's playground,
at least equip your offspring with a
horn and traffic regulation book So the
autoists will at least have the privilege
of safely crossing the addition without
having some youth's coaster wagon
mar the fcreneral beauty of the ma
Stnes. LAPP AVENUE.
'Treaty AVltb Colombia.
PORTLAND, Feb. 10. (To the Ed
itor ) Please publish a review of our
trouble with Colombia. This matter
has dragged along to such an extent
that I believe a great many of your
readers would appreciate a brief re
view. MRS. C. A. B.
An article on the subject is printed
in another column on this page.
Close Tlllienma Club.
PORTLAND. Feb. 10. (To the Ed
itor.) Will you kindly tell me through
The Oregonian the address of the Close
TUUciims' Club, on Eleventh street.
Southeast corner Eleventh and Mill
streets, Portland, Or.
In Other Days
Twenty-flve Years Ago.
From Tho Oregonian of February 11, 1861.
A dispatch from Colonel C. F. Beeba
states that he will leace Xew York
this evening for Portland.
A number of capitalists here are se
riously considering the question of in
augurating tho business of manufacture
ing beet sugar here. Experiments
prove that the per cent of saccharine
from analysis of Oregon beots is found
to be 14 per cent, which is more than
is found in beets grown in Germany.
There are SO medals to bo given tq
the successful contestants in the ath
letic games which take place In tha
Armory Wednesday, February 18.
These prizes aro now on exhibition in
the window of Feldenheimer's jewelry
C. II. Woodard, who has been suN
fering from malaria and has been at
the Good Samaritan Hospital for a
short time, is muca, improved and ex
pects to be out in a day or two.
Joseph Bright, a deserter from the
military post at Vancouver, was yes
terday taken back to the barracks and
turned over to General T. M. Anderson,
It is reported that Brower & Thomp
son's sawmill at Brower was obliged to
bo sKut down a day or two since on ac
count of the hands rushing oft into the
woods to locate claims.
W. R. MeCord, of East Portland", ex
hibits a very handsomely wrought vio
lin case of his own manufacture. The
case stamps Mr. McCord as a master
workman in his peculiar line.
A GRANDMOTHER GFVES VIEWS
Reply to "Father" and Father Black
on Birth Control Ih Made.
PORTLAND, Feb. 10. (To the Editor.
I have longed to express my indig
nation of the views of "A Father" ever
slnco reading his letter in The Ore
gonian. Then the dignified and pathetio
letter of a "Widowed Mother" brought
the matter freshly to my mind, and
my indignation has again burst forth.
I was further incensed by the article
on page 4 (Monday's issuo) of Tho
Oregonian, giving the archaic and ig
norantly prejudiced views of a Catho
lic priest. Truly these men belons
to the dark aires! I long with all my
soul to be able to inflict on both "A
Father" and Father Black the ability
to give birth to just one child each!
After one ordeal their heroic souls
would crv for mercy, and their beau
tiful thoughts of race propagation
would be forgotten in a frenzy of self
presorvation. Even certain savaga
tribes of Africa have more feeling and
regard for their women than these
men, restricting the number of births
to one in four years for each woman.
I agree with an eminent lecturer of
this city, in referring to the succes
sion of wives acquired by an old pio
neer preacher, that if he could havo
had them all at one time, instead of
tandem, thev would probably be alive
today. If "A Father" could, with -hia
views, be relegated to the time of Solo
mon, I am sure his wife would be &
happier woman. What does such a
man care for the uplift, comfort and
progress of his family? Think of his
poor mother' miserable existence, 1C
children and no servant, and he boasts
of it! Aside from the mere fact of
giving birth to these children, think
what her days of ministering to their
daily wants must have been. May her
reward be great!
Ignorance and subservience to their
lord and master of the household is
what these bigoted, unfeeling men de
mand of womankind unfeeling be
cause they have never felt, never
known sympathy, never experienced
physical suffering. Better a. thousand
times to belong to a savage race than
for a woman to come under the do
minion of such men.
A GRANDMOTHER. .
Hen Help In Dull Times.
EUGENE. Or., Feb. 9. (To the Edi
tor.) In these days, when so many
are unemployed and are troubled to
maintain their families, it seems un
fortunate that they have not learned
what a good bunch of pullets (culled.
It may be, from the chickens brought
into commission houses in the Fall)
may do toward keeping the family
going. Here in Eugene the other day
a discouraged man who had a fine plot
of ground jumped into the Willamette,
and so took his life. Had such a man,
so situated, what I have in the way of
family producers, he need not get dis
heartened. My 16 lusty pullets tho
last three weeks laid $4 worth of eggs,
yet their feed cost me but $1.55. Why
may not thousands do what a few of
us in these strenuous times are doing?
A man who has, as I chance to have,
five dozen eggs a week coming from
pullets which are costing him but 5
cents a week to keep need not despair
when for a few months the call of
the labor market is not heard. To be
sure, one must learn how to care for
and feed hens to get such results, but
it is worth while, especially as he may
get lots of pleasure out of it. For one,
I should be happy to pass on to pros
pective hen-owners such knowledge as
I have found necessary.
Widow' Pension Law.
BLIND SLOUGH, Or.. Feb. 9. (To
the Editor.) Please tell roe through
The Oregonian as soon as possible if
a widow with three small children,
living in another state, came here to
live could she get a widow's pension?
If bo how much for each child? Also
how long must she be a resident of
this state before srre can get the pen
A widow must be a resident of Ore
gon for three years before she can
draw a pension. Then for one child
she may draw $10 and for each addi
tional child $7.50; however, the largest
sum she will be allowed is $40 a month.
Another Defense of the Robin.
PORTLAND. Feb. 10. (To the Editor.)
just a word of praise for "A Bird
Lover's" defense of the robin in 1 he
Oregonian. I. too, came from the East,
where we looked forward to the robins
return in early .Spring, and there was
little if any complaint about his hog
ging the fruits. We always left a few
cherries on the trees for his especial
benefit. It rather added a degree of
prestige to be the first one to remark.
I saw a robin this morning.
The Dealer and His
Men who spend money for gen
eral advertising determino before
hand if they are wise the attitude
of the retail dealer toward the ad
vertising they arc about to. do.
Creating consumer demand Is 'a
vital requisite of Fiiccessful adver
tising, but an equally important fac
tor consists of winning the intelli
gent support of the man who runs
the store where the product is sold.
The Bureau of Advertising, "work
ing for tho past three years with
tho newspapers of North America,
has focussed the attention of local
merchants everywhere upon news
paper advertised goods. These mer
chants have bofn shown that it is
to their advantage to push mer
chandising for which there is a di
rect local demand in other words,
newspaper advertised merchandise