Image provided by: University of Oregon Libraries; Eugene, OR
About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 8, 1916)
TTTn MOTINTXG OTIEGOXIAN. TUESDAY", FEBRUARY 8, 1916.
nm.ti-.wm .! lar-a5tr
rs". I tiHr Im:. .n .
f . --.-i... i.i'- .-'l. tii'- .
I S . IAS liwi..!.,!. !
r f. , i-l.r t;r. 4 m 'rttl..
r.. i. i - U'll n f ....
f . irjfit S;i.if. .
f "4 9 i.l... I 't rw.rta
r 14' a.-., moatx . . .
w... r. . vr. - -
Itnlit, .! r
a tl v,
i B rrrt I "
f's'-'r. ... rn-!--.
f . . i..:a Li.-.ulW. . m-.ae:...
. I '
H.w '" ' m T "T.
.r .- a.rnt "
1-.. .1 ft n s "
--ii.'. r-.. .. ...? :!;
rM SL IJ I .- ""l:
J " t . ";
. . ... ,. '- : r
...l ?. t J p. .. rrl4 "
tn.., kmm ncrVw
r .. . . J'. f- V
roTUP. Ttt-TI.T. IT. S.
fcr II ' V. ! la -j...-ui I f' 1
r-!-irl tsl ATin-4. f prt.nr.
TO bo.k. m p b !. P-
war r riiittT. J"tr.l lo c !
wt:"it. ril r;u Tn '"
-..r., .-n)n Dtf'M, tt t
r.ju if r t uniform r r j-
r-..3.ff- ron!Jl'f't r cr'.ir.u t!
ca b -np!.r'i :r.'-!nt!ir uf"
.ef!l rf f ml." n.i tftit "t6 l-"
f .r- " intr k"P yu'' 'i,rr"
..-7 c.rrma tr, Wr.ft
F-m.la t m-.ftt Urn hiU h
rrrr-..J. rf-r W jour .!
Jt,.- f,,r tM ?"'' J-""00-
l t r"'-' f et cB
Mr vci .. f 'T r'"' d-
ttr-uTti-a 'f 6tiilp" vibrTrtti
at .i-.Tirt n-J :J "t rl !
mr:r.i n I MdropUnr" ll
f-. ) n a.jir th n'i'lm .
-vviil t- r"I!'-" 'lra l-
,n.;Sir :rfi:i t f"U04 rAfia
j romhal urtul. irvra.'t
a.Tmp:ihl i:tt! t -
t" dr.!.n"urit nirtia I'.rlt-
cJ npiim-. TcC t"r l
trutr in ti wtil'a thl
t,i. fci nl 1 ''or
tnr r. l mon u!nrbl l1
i.m rfvtm IJ tu fipr
hi .J ct tn fmmrrt rf t fu-
r 1.. in... ( t !,.
.1 i r' -i
it t -' r
I- r '
of IN i
I -- -
. 1 ... . f . ; .i r.-' .1 r 7p"". n,lnM
t . ir.
l ( UJ ' -'
ti m-r. f ' - i4' wa- iat lii.'-im (
.... n I . - Jtll'tl'll'T "
..n .l.f . .n , ...... (""! '"
t'.iun l w.f.
'it rtr'iil tlifMno f Mr Wri:"
I'... ha Irftu"'-''! trm. II!Mt-lr!n-l
i;rTnn iubmirtr c" h
tl . ri.tfi,fi.it m"0 !fini r
r 1 mri-h.nl b'l l'J:;'r Mih-
.ii:il l!rttL! wamcn b
... w.rr.lr t. V" Klu.-k In l:m
. . - V. I
t ri r-ry ritrn t""
tft Wk'h rf tn ,PI-
-rrrti trim rlmnt cf 'irprl
from h ir tn t?i rt. d -
tfo, b .mtiU nurpti'. lrtrfcrJ
wi'.l romm'iru atlor r I ralic-l lti9
mr.mn-.y' c.vjtstrY Jnrrtlt n th
rnn th I.Vfetlm.tT B'I th
pobod fin. t jrri)itin cm
-.4 t tum-tlirur Arrf"-
Ms "f rtif rr'frr"1
rifrT."ji . proi! r-l ruro
br f n.wMB c-4B. n4. om of
!- UH Iwo rra.-Mfi l'jn c4 a
rtrtUl". f1 tnin rf latr th
ll.rrrfi. mrr"l l'"'" p-
luti i t an l irrr4 Ifia T
f f tx -rit dri. for of air
rrrt a J of k:it mta tn ry l-
jfrr tr l:u.:afi r arpri4
an4 rfnn fcj.--l t lir r P-
Tn.-h r- t.i won whtrh
fr-4 Von Klu. a rirl ac t b
tr4 ef lr.!rnt! :u In mo.
IC rnc. M J". upf!l an4 woun4
c4 t'ofrb ar4 tl drt
r-.iin a.r crft doa !A.-n 04I
rf a.t prnpurioi ta lhir . Iijl
(.r:.t !rr:ir tl aa artat bombar4
m.rt br tfta Krmth cul br arty
b miibt ba b( t!)t coar
rf tb r b-al r.rl-.Aia a. t4 upon
Mr. Vt;.V tfiorr fcir lh Ut tn
J.afT A i.t fT'-wW rf rr"fU6M cf
irt rarrlr rr'"ttr mlM hi
tioaft rofijif rj-il in lb rtl
cr.'Y. rnwaH bT a tr rf th
bu't an J Jrin Tb cra.t
m;M b bn uri'lir pracllralty
sU;b!a. Jl J-4lrP4 tl-op
(iu ! w:4 rf 4r aa lnrrl4ual man
tl;.tlryUtiabIa ffcro a b:M of
rxl tn-iwxBti t"t. Tb.r m:M h
bo m4 atolutlr mntroUab'a
tbal tbf couM k9 a drir4 cvif
a :fr aa a Una rf iMr Thrt
mifbt h rrril -" of ral far
rr:cc pnmrr anl ripitf. cf un-rr-r
'.!-.!) dtra-:i r"'- V.
ti t'.trmma lat.TB of l'lA4n b
tift thonMa4 rf lfi. aircraft mlfhl
b iirntil fTo lh channel anil
flown aiJC tia rute of Iba 4
r.elrg arr-.t. With a audita tfoan
tar l woo9 t.T frfcbt b laancbrd
m bait f bomM f r mlW aJorf th
rrr-biB fr lin.a ar4 alone lh
n, n !t Tby mltll h raur4
!. n bn: a ou;4 baa pr.J
r r ! - m-n Iba iJcriran hcv'a and
ttnl ba lajil'-n al It lnrpttun.
Tb.a iJnaa p'.S!:i'J m;M b-t
ra:!jaj br Grmanr. Aatra.
I rtnr. Kn;a or Itatr. A boa artny
tr.!bt taa ba fcaaa aa powrIaa
at:-t (JlnQlttJ'.na toray Ihua
4!rP'. rr arml W1?S a tnachlr
"-( rnn. a an army cf a-
w,' b-. anl p.ar ba
rr.a I fin. a m:i fora r-n-l
our r',"r' wpn War ba
i-.::.t.j in It rt-a a:t lb rlnca
ax4 lSvl-aO.. va4 la ict-Tl ( t-
future will b n br !! eaUon which
ha, set th UrfMt tray la num bar a
bat th larsaat army which baa moat
h!fbly da4op. all lha rwuwi of
br!n an4 matrrtal f-r U purrtwa.
Tbcra should ba an Kd!on borJ for
th Armr a '.t a for lha Navy, and
It hou!4 rvcrull aa army cf lnnlor.
r;nr-ri. chrmliti and (killed nia-rhBl-
to plar new weapon la tha
ban4 of trained operallTe.
kctt orr rnr. T.r.
So lreariBe" tfr on railway
njb.t of ar laka on a new meaning
la tha llhl of fi-ur ubmlttd br
lha lntrtt Commerca Comm!lon.
To often thca potwea ar re a 4 with
ran:mel or tn liffrrrnca br Cltlen.
If the rtxht of war offer them a hort
rut or a convening pathwar ther Pr
bo bed to crn.picuou warnlr.ir.
Wb'Ie th met cr.tltulea trpajalnv.
tha offena I r.ol rer4ed erlouly
an! Ihera ar few ofru-er Inclined to
mk arrt and fewer coort In
clir.el lo Inflict pur.lihmer.t one ar
ret hae beea mad.
Hut not tb.a toll of trespassers In
lha r year. Of th MJI pror.
killed by ra;iw ttil r trt-
pauer. Not aranui eklr ride,
but p4ttrtan eeekinf a short rut
or a leel bu!ear4"" for a Ilttl
trotr. ar ahown t. haa mada op th
malortii' of victim. HuretT her I
a iipho: tn th a.'eit-firt cam
Ip.Ur.a. Ioubtte th fu:I meurof
tbe i!iffr b. r-rt been rea!!e4. Io
j Utr.) arcnunve rf pcirtr1r. run
.!. a on rilar trrk r've litt: lr.
!.lii t!on rf the numUr -f uch Ire
Irli't. r1 thouiR4 people k'.ll'd!
r:n u?j lo popul: a lhintr l.
(Tb e.-1-.nom! ! U oc runr.ir Into
tbe niUaone durir a rour or year.
It l a; rarer.l from thl record that
tb -no ire-TiMirs- s n 00 rich?
of war bou'4 b br4cd quit a til'.t
a tb "Yerboten" !rva ar cbaenred
in iiTsnr. Whrr tber r not
beJ4 otr:-r ar.4 court hou'J en
fra lha tocc-Bectecled taw la th
cm not la tb Interest of tb rail
war rrfwern so much a la th In.
trt of tha public aafetr-
r rraraMox or r TTJLAxy rwm.
Ttrry real rspapr wi!t Indora
tb prnleet Bltered br lb Coo l'r
l!.rbr con-ernir th doe-trtn ad
vanced br Mr. Charlea Hail, of that
!tr. Jfr. Ua'l U on of lh. rltieo.
four! poiMr In err ambitious
oimmur.irr. who Iblnk; that unpleasant
ncwe rrt front their botr. town I
JrtMrtiental. II would ha th local
.-irr.pn4enta urpre arcour.t of
murj.n. vil.-l.ta and bad weather and
tell or.Ir 'f sunabin. civic achleT
ments. Industrial prcg-res and lh Ilk.
Tb comment rf lh Coo liar Harbor
is worth reproducer:
Tb.r ere it aiea rr Per
toe.. J- f'i'l m . r la
ln.t. cMrMiu eeer'.a Ihrevea
e.r rrw.b l A-tt't l"r end
i.r iki la 11. I re r.-
r It I r.-S . Iv- t n!tl tilio To
r. .nfr.pii9 ea th ma ! t kill th
h iri.i ia 14 ik. soi-ii ee Tfi.r
anv m -1 . too mttr wfe la
d.rxe II 1e ..p.pf !' e
St. 11 la Ibe mn rf t ie Ctimmtmrm n( Com
r.:..-. fi4.t I 1. fc n-l 1' .rie Ih.r bee
-m-rwt for ihel Is fill ef e.rf
t-w en-i a l'r tl.u t in
ik p-li ii. .Vow. lo. if iKe ; ef e.we
I. t. ..ni ul m J -I . .n firm lo ire theory
. o tnrl r Mr ll.'l a ft ir:t In-
rnl ra!l la lril ea etolusle.
, M. ftt eace aei. e4 further ms
Ih.l w for . er of lie p filon IK. I II
will ber4 aer la em.rt loel writer.
fil Ire refill "I B.lre r:r Ins.e4 "f
o-ry ar - T" rep". fr
I.I e.c iinlora lo 'lh. li.e ef r er
uiuia wriirx wriim ef INt enrl
. j w. i.tt II from our . ef eihrre
la l"ie kun-M in.l IS.e ar aol bkeir
l wnk le.or a Ik p.aa.
.fr. II. it would apptr M doctrine
In lh" rot( pHre. Public demand,
rot th correspondent. Governs th
rhxrarter rf tc'.t!mat hews printed.
If a correspon-lent at l-oo liar culd
b Ir.djred to adopt Mr. Hall Ideas
Me newspaper on!J promptly seek
another representative. If rono were
to ba found and the rommunltr ainrd
a Tputln as on thl iipprecd
new or It trouble. It would almost
Inevitably soma dar reap not only the
penalty mentioned by th Harbor, but
another a welt. Tn unscrupulous
Itinerant, trs'lirc on common know I
e ! or th cloainc of ordinary news
channels, would aeil broadcast a ma
nlfled and sensational account of om
On rf a town's bet asset I a
newspaper correspondent who ran b
thoroorhlr railed upon to supply hl
newsraper it't att th r.ews of his
rommunltr without distortion or yel
low colortr.e Whatever srrowth Is ac
complished br spreadlnc th impres
sion thai a town I a tlttl heaven on
earta I but tmporrr and uperflclal.
A population attracted bv misrepre
sentation is not t.)I. and a disloyal
element wltl counteract th effort of
a much Urtr bo-wtrr rrsanUatlon.
a conr f tr 1 nt rtm irrrY.
Tb public la already famllur wllh
th lavish u of tb Crni mil
lion br th earnest Endowment for
International pear In brlnsinf atrtul
urrender rf American rt(ht In th
Panama Canal br mean of th tolls
r?l law. It ha reentry sen th
actlvttr of tha sam foundation In
spreading tha delusions of paclfUnn 4
oppo4 to adequate National defena.
Th Instltut fr Public frvlc bow
turn attention to th r.enral Educa
tion Board founded br John I. Hock,
feller. It purpoe belnc to obtala full
pubtl.-ltr for th operation of uch
Th Oereral Edocallon Toard aart
thai ITJ . ha been contributed
br Mr. Rorkfltr to It fund, and
that of this sum 114. l 'HI
htd br th board nd Ml.000.00 has
"fin malnlr to strertthrn th r
urcea of hlher lntltutlon nf Irarn.
m; and t develop public education tn
the Southern tale." Th Instltut
a tht of thl ni.o.o. i:j 0.-
1) went to two other ltockrrt!er In
ttitutlon br th donor" direction:
that II. 209.000 went throuch th
board to ltlf: and that of llt.00.-
actually controlled by th board.
I .. had not yet ron. but as
pledced rondltionally on gift by
oth.r rf ftv tlmaa much.
Th board seem to h obtained
a voU n th manacrmenl of many
mlirfct at a minimum cot. Th In
stltut say that of MS collece who
resource wer "t r. r rt hened" In
thirteen yr. thirty-! 'wer rtren
or pidcd IS.00a or le, yteldlnc In
come of 110 to IJiO. whll four
teen cot or more, and that th
coilec recelvln tha larreat sums
were chl-f'r already th strongest
Tn Instltut asks for opinion as
to whether h resolution adopted by
:h NallocaJ Education Assoc lallon la
lt zprsinc far of foundation In.
r. j en.ee wr In or unwise. Tb.
Or-onlaa say uohealtatlntly they
wr wis and ar with th Instl
tut that thee lubKU should b dis.
fuaa,.). It I Intolerabl that men
who have acquired vast wealth by
Cof freeelor.al favor, a b Mr. Car
Be!, or that men of Mr. Rockefel-ier-
feu!tlir busine th!cs. which
&ATv ta ccnismc4 by law nd pub
lic opinion, should b parmltted to
us their money In Influencing public
... .... t.t ..imn or In
colorlrf education unle ther Is full
publicity. nn certain inu.aium
or a certain foreign policy I encour
aged with Carnegie money, the public
should know who get the money, that
it may duly discount th recipients'
utterance. When certain colleges get
Rockefeller money, the fact should
be published, la order that th people
may expect to get th Rockefeller
brand of education at those colleges.
. . . . . 1 . -w v. - - . KM....lAn . m I n t
I UOIiniT owv h'vh"h
th Carnegie peare-at-any-prlc policy
ini mm iiocRiiciiir u"."u
Ry.rRrii jttne kat.
In this ag of Innovation ther Is
non more Illuminating than that Jut
undertaken by the American Genetic
Society, which h organised It force
to embark upon Important research
., 1- ik. fashioned davs It Wa
the clurrury practice to set about these
.1.. .v .miinnini laboratories
and systematically collecting concise
data. Tear hav been pnded by
such uner.ilghtened scientific explorer
a Darwin In inquiring imo irtunn
mor or lew detached circumstances
i. .M.nu.rlnn m-llh the orlain of
specie, whll our greatest philoso
pher ana ciemita n uu.o.i uo
cade of tlm aearchlng out hidden
natural and moral laws.
liut no s-ich cumtjersomo tactic will
he emplord br the American Genetic
Society. If on may be guided by th
manner of seeking certain gTeat facts
in which th society la Interested. Was
snr great man or woman the product
of an ancestry which represented, on
the averafs. four generation to a
century? What evidence U there
tending to show that In r.y group of
animal th amount of Improvement
. iift. in ar.imsi nowrr I not ex
actly proportional to the amount of
acquirement by ancestor above or be
low th normal? Thee and many
other profound question ere of the
deepest concern to th society, which,
accordingly, ha raised a fund and of
fered prUe of i:o ror tn oiuuoo
of each problem.
A new Henc. Indeed. It leaves
th scientific explorer free of the
mu of detail and hard routine work.
-T-. . .... iiK.rfv fa annlv their 111-
.mwf . - ....
pert"r power to classification of th
paper submitted. nen an ui -dene
1 in from the varlou competi
tor th oclty Investigator nerd
merely segregate, arrange and digest
th evidence and present their con
clusion. Following this Inspiring
method there Is no reason why John
I. Rockefeller or Andrew Carnegie
........ ia KjMnm. lha world" srreat-
est scientist do thr o desire. All re
quired I a few pnxes ana a nine ps
tlence while awaiung in i-i'iuu"n.
-,lnllfl. fanirlr. hat a l"t of U
. . .ml hnthrr iurh men
a Nton and Kant look upon them
selves. nor IT FAT TO BE A POCTORt
With th varlou medical school of
th country turning out graduate at
a high rate of speed. It wa with a
considerable degree of pertinence that
the Harvard Medical School under
took to find out Junt how the various
doctor wer faring In their chosen
profession. Apparently the Harvard
faculty wa anxious to ascertain If doc
tor wer being supplied more rapidly
than new ills for them to treat were
being discovered by medical science.
The tone of discouragement and dis
satisfaction noted In the response l
somewhat surprising when the basis
of dr.spondrncv in checked. Incomes
of from $3000 to J000 per year are
disdained, apparently, by the practi
tioner, who must have entered upon
the practice of medicine with a belief
that It was an avenue to immediate
wealth. If not a get-rlch-qulck propo
sition. A Vancouver. B. C, doctor 1 espe
cially bitter. 'Time ar harder than
ever and collection are rotten." he
write. Adding, evidently by way of
emphasizing the hnrshnes of his lot.
that he took In only $000 In the yenr.
Another doctor complain of tho in
gratitude of patient, "especially In th
lytr.g tongue of womn." H wm
compelled to ek out a nlcgardly ex
istence on a bare 14100. No doubt he
mlcht have made double that return
had not some female patient belittled
his professional ability. "There are
too manr doctors," exclaim a third
victim of these professional hardships,
who wa compelled to forego limousine
and country home In order to get
through the yenr on 14300. Ptlll an
other appear on the verge of giving
up the struggle. '"It l almost neces
sary to have capital or a rich wife
to get a st-.rt anywhere within
twer.ty-flve mile of Iloston." he walls,
and report hi total Incom at barely
IJ04 a month.
The dir grievance might tlr us
to ymplhy r It not for the sus
picion that they ar "purely psycho
logical." They savor of a specie of
hypochondria that must b peculiar to
some young doctors. The verg man
In lh aversg profession I deiigntea
If he ha an Income of from IJ00 to
ISO a month after five or ten years
of ndvor. H may not b satis
fled by that return, but he I content,
at least, to let his Incom develop
gradually during the formative day
when h I proving hi worth and
broadening th cop of hi service.
Po It U with tb uoresaful and con
tented gort of doctor. Th young
physician who expect th larger re
turn to com his wy aim ply becau
he ha a diploma I doomed to dis
appointment. If h add to IhU de
lusion a belief that hi diploma equip
him for life, then a is doomed to
failure. He mut study and work to
keep abreast of the times. He must
also bear In mind that auccesa and
wealth do not lie In a mere decision
to be a doctor, but In th energy and
capacity exercised alter th coveted
diploma ha been secured. .
THE KXVUtO siurrtNO IMI.L.
In It revised shipping bill the Ad
ministration h. evidently attempted
to meet all criticisms on the former
bill except those which relate to the
fundamental principle of Government
purchase and ownership. Th Govern
ment la to operate the hip only If
private capital fall to leas them, and
then not on route where private en
terprise furnishe atlsfactory crvlce
at fair rale. The ahlp would be ub
Ject lo call for Government ervlc In
tlm of war. and the crewa could vol
unteer for naval auxiliary ervice. In
purchase preference would be given
to Amerlcan-bullt ship, and those
built abroad would be restricted to
foreign trade, a Is the law with re
gard to privately owned vessels. "Men
of larg. practical experience" In for
eign commerce would comprise the
majority of the shipping board, which
would regulate both domestic and
foreign water trafric. -Regulations
would b liberal for American, rigid
for foraica P. -vl Amertcaa rsa-
sels could not be sold to foreigners
without the board' consent
All that can torn aald In defense of
this bill Is that It ts less objectionable
than' the bill which was talked to
death In the last Congress. The vital
objection still stand that there 1 no
need for the Government to go Into
the hlp-ownin; business. If It will
get off th track, private capital will
build aa fast aa possible to meet the
need of commerce. If the Govern
ment will compensate ship owners for
the extra cost and for the risk of hav.
Ir.g their vessels withdrawn for naval
ervice. they will build to meet re
quirement for transport and win
employ crew enrolled In th naval
reacrve. Private capital will engage
In the shipping business the more
readily If Congress will revise the ship
ping and seamen's law In such man
ner a to equalize the cost of opera
tlon. The war ha already almost
equalized cost of construction, and
private enterprise Is doing more In
that direction by standardizing the
building- of ships. One company pro
poses to confine It activity at one
shipyard to a certain type and size of
ship, manufacturing ship by th doz
en aa razor and knives are manufac
tured. It expect to reduce the cost
:S per cent as compared with the gen
eral utility shipyard.
In short, the Administration can
get all that Is possible of what we
need without becoming a ship owner
If It will adopt the policy outlined, and
will grt It permanently. Whatever
It get by the McAdoo policy It avill
hnve only for the duration of the war.
While war freight rates continue on
tho ocean, shipping companies may
chnrter Government ship at rate
which will pay Interest on tha Invest.
ment. When the war ends, when
competition again has full sway and
when rates consequently fall to nor
mal figures, th old handicaps of
higher cost of operation and probably
of higher cost of construction as com
pared with Kurope and Japan will
again come Into play. The Govern
ment will then be able to lease It
vessels. If at all. only at a loss In In
terest on Its capital. By accepting
these terms It would actually sub
sidize the operating companies, and
the Democratic party would adopt the
policy which It baa constantly de
nounced. The tonr and short of the matter ts
that the Administration propose to
Invest I SO. 000. 000 to secure a very
limited number of merchant ship
which cannot operate after the war
except at a loss. Hy staying- out of
the field and making- a wholesale re
vision of the shipping laws It can make
the business permanently profitable
and can thereby Induce the Invest
ment of many time $50,000,000 In
private capital. The limited gain by
the McAdoo policy can bo made only
by Investing that sum and by suffer
ing an annual loss, which would In ef
fect be a aubldy. The greater gain
by the alternative policy can be made
without investment or subsidy.
The only effective legislation against
and prosecution of trusts we have ever
had originated with the Republican
party. The Democrat have denounced
and Investiirated. but they have drawn
the teeth of the law and they have not
compared with their opponents in
energy of prosecution. They are pro
fuse with promises, but weak In per
formance. Though they accuse their
opponent of alliance with the trusts
and the money power, the most effec
tive work to dissolve great combina
tion and to end their exaction has
been done by the Republican party.
The Harney County Tribune, a
weekly paper, ha been established
at Bums by M. C. A they, a young
man who know the mechanical end
of the business from bottom to top.
Editorially the Tribune shows that he
is well up In that end. too. This gives
Burn three papers, which Is too
many, but that la matter for solution
If controversy between Admirals
rages over a theoretical naval battle,
what would happen If there were a
real battle? The Sampson-Schley dis
pute gives a hint
The crisis In Roumania has become
chronic, according to belligerents, but
they are under such severe nervous
tension that they see and dream
Why the National" "dry" convention
la to be held In Minneapolis Instead
of Milwaukee, and In July, too. is one
of the puzzling problems in politic.
The difficulty about getting relief
to the starving- Poles seem to b Brit
ish apprehension lest the food should
find Its way Into German stomachs.
Since irrigation dams have taken
th essence out of the June rises.
Portland must depend upon Winter
freshet for annual spectacles.
Governor Whitman declaration for
Justice Hughe strengthen the opinion
that the only obstacle to Hughes' elec
tion aa President Is himself.
When four hundred women and
girls apply to fill three position It
how a condition aa remarkable as
It 1 distressing.
W ar fortunate that the Chinook
la not accompanied by continuous
heavy rain, for we ar thus saved from
a serious flood.
A Panama Exposition that Is the
real article opened in the Isthmu ye
terday to run one hundred day.
Look for more breaking out at the
Penitentiary- A returned convict
brought mallpox with him.
Tw4tmr, a nnrht lo ret at least one
of those proposed twenty-two battle
ship to build.
ttnar honntlful 1 the blue of the
sky! There's a moon In It some
a a-rAf lima to order cleaning of the
sidewalk la before, not after, th thaw
v.ar York I In so highly nervous a
condition that It sees bomhs on all
What a weird thing history would
be if Reed College freshmen mad It.
trow to make the owner of a vacant
lot dear his walk Is a problem.
Ha not Great Britain got somebody
like Ulysses B. Grant?
A new Ford expedition! Have
It's all over but the cleaning up.
O, genU epriDgl y
MCST HAVE WORLD CO-OPERATION
Ob Aatioa I Warmed Cannot Ioanre It
MARTHILL. Wash.. Feb. 7. (To the
Editor.) I wish to call attention to an
article by David Starr Jordan, entitled
"Peace at Any Price," which appeared
in the January 29 number of Har
per's Weekly. Dr. Jordan sets forth
his ideas in very plain language, right
fully earning for himself the title of a
"pacifist from the word go." N ar in
any case should be a court of last
resort; we. a a civilized nation, have
never advocated otherwise. But where
Is the patriotic citizen who does not
agree with me when I say that na
tional dishonor Is far worse than war?
Dr. Jordan Is an educator of the highest
order from the standpoint of super
ficial knowledge, but he does not-give
the stand of the United States of
America when he says that "Armed
peace is not worth the price It costs.
It Is not peace. It Is all based oi war,"
etc. Dr. Jordan also maintains that
we, aa a Nation, should take a stand
that would "cast light on the folly that
caused toe present struggle," Does he
mean to Infer that we should set an
example to the world at large by un
arming ourselves totally, thereby start
ing the good work toward universal
peace and a world's court of arbitra
tion? Well and good; we are ready to do
that when the rest of the world shows
a disposition to do likewise, but not
while, accressive. absolute monarchies
exist that are a menace to civilization
and humanity. How any man. who
professes to be a citizen for the wel
fare of our country, can advocate any-
such Ideas as total def enselestness. is
beyond my power of comprehension.
The pacifists assure us that the world's
last trreat war had been fought and
that the International brotherhood of
man waa too strong and extensive for
another great war to be a possiDiiuy.
Yet how do they account for the nu
merous bloody wars that have occurred
In the najt So years?
These are questions that are before
the Nation at large today. I do not
think that man has so evolved from
his former self but what he will still
fight for hearth, home and freedom,
once be ha tasted of either.
SOLDIER'S STORY OF DISASTER
Mr Brara Well Recall One Who
Foockt at Bladeasbnr;.
SALEM. Or.. Feb. 6. (To the Editor.)
Apropos preparedness as Illustrated
by recent editorials and communica
tions In The Oregonlan. I have this il
lustration to give- Reference has been
made to the War of 181! to 1815. with
Great Britain and Incidentally to the
battle of Bladensburg. which was
fought August t. 1814. The British
were led by General Ross and the
Americans were under the command of
Genersl Winden. History informs us
that "The militia fled at the first fire
and the day waa lost to a much inferior
number of men from a lack of disci
pline' and preparedness. The burning
of the Capitol, the destruction of the
Navy-yard and millions of dollars'
worth of property was the result.
I well remember when I was quite
a small boy we had a neighbor A.
Ream by name who claimed to have
been a soldier In that war and that he
was in the battle of Bladensburg. I
have heard him tell how bright the
guns and other equipments of the
English glistened In the sun as the
soldiers came marching down the hill
to the attack: how they were halted
and all kneeled in prayer. After which
ther arose and began the Tight,
Ream said "We were scared to death.
I fired my gun and dropped It to run.
The man on my right had his ramrod
shot from his hand and he too dropped
bis gun and was with me. I looked
around and the whole regiment was
in full retreat. My friend and I -ran
15 miles before wa tried to stop."
Ream and his comrades belonged to
a Pennsylvania regiment of militia.
and It Is very evident that they were
unprepared for this battle Properly
officered, properly drilled and properly
equipped these Pennsylvanians would
equal the soldiers from anywhere.
W. 11. BY Alts.
Xt bteep Grade Records.
PORTLAND, Feb. 7. (To the Ed
itor.) tfo far as known, what is the
steepest per cent grade ever climbed by
a stock automobile? A. H.
There Is no way of giving a satis
factory answer to this question for the
reason that official measurements are
seldom if ever taken after so-called
record-breaking climbs. The whole
thing hinges on tho matter of traction
and that makes the answer doubly Im
possible, for the tractor advantages are
different in every situation. It is said
that some of the powerful cars would
climb up the vertical aide of a house if
the wheels could get traction. So far as
I know there has never been any offi
clal competition on steep grade climb
As to local achievements it may be
mentioned that L. H. Reese is said to
have driven an electric car up a 57.2
per cent grade over cement steps below
an Arlington Hights residence; B. H.
Patterson claims to have driven a big
car up a 48 per cent grade on a hill
near Heppner; and D. Mlsner, of Salem,
last year succeeded in driving a light
car part way up the steps of the State
Capitol, said to be 45 per cent, before
traction became Impossible.
May Be Busy la Health Dareaa.
PORTLAND. Feb. 7. (To the Edi
tor.) I think it is a burning Fha;ne
the way you and some others pictc on,
harry, badger and malign Commis
sioner Daly. Tou don't seem to appre
ciate or even realize how very much
Mr. Daly would have saved the city by
spending 1250.000. or more, for water
meters and by removing me oppressive
meters on garbage.
Mr. Daly Is a very busy man! Under
stand? Perhaps at the time of the
unexpected occurrence of slushy streets
Mr Daly's attention and valuable co
operation may have been urgently
required and solicited by Mayor Albee
In the conduct ot tne iieaun jiureau,
in which he (Daly) already has so
signally distinguished himself. Of
course, removal of the slush could not
have conduced to the health and com
fort of the city or Its people.
1 say. recall the other Commissioners
and make Signor Daly city manager.
Whv suggest Colonel Goethals. when
within our gates we possess such emi
nent home talent? Viva Daly! Viva
Carranza! Viva Patagonia!
O. u. KIDU
Owe Hoaevt Jitney.
PORTLAND, Feb. 7.I-(To the Edi
r.) I drive a Jitney bn the Twenty
ilrd and Thurman-street route. I
signed to run a Jitney from A. M.
13 P. M.. E-cent rare according to
e recent ordinance. My car has been
i tha run steadily through rain and
... v kau. nnr tinr! "for hire"
sign on my car through the present
storm, but have run straight Jitney. I
have tried to give the best service pos
sible under the weather.
H. S. LANE,
501 East Fourteenth street
Value of Old Newspaper.
PORTLAND, Feb. 7. (To the Ed
itor.) Doe any historical value at
tach to a copy of the Ulster County
Gazette. Kingston, N. T., Issue of Janu
ary 4, 1800? This particular Issue con
tained an account of the funeral of
George Washington. S. W.
Thousands of fac-simlles of tho paper
mentioned are in rrint. If genuine it
would be worth only what some col
lector or museum of history cared to
ay. There is bo fixed price on relics
JOY FOUND IN FEEDING BIRDS
But Writer Is Puzzled by Action of
PORTLAND, Feb. 7. (To the Edi
tor.) That our "little brothers of the
air" are starving in and around Port
land is surely not the fault of The Ore
gonlan. A small boy at our house be
longs to a bird club, and from the first
of your appeals for the birds every
article has had to be saved for him.
In consequence, some Issues look very
much "cut up."
When the first snow flew we put
up a feeding shelter on a little roof
outside the window two empty apple
boxes facing each other, about four
feet apart, and boards laid across, mak
ing two end alcoves in our dining-room
and a long covered space between, open
at each side. Later we put up a parti
tion so that our better-behaved visitors
could eat in peace and unmolested by
domineering little sparrows.
We have kept our eating-house sup
plied with everything suggested and
more and it has been a day-long de
light to the other and larger bipeds,
within, to watch these dainty creatures
and their "table manners" at close
range. The restaurant is never empty
till bird bedtime. Then we take in
what is left to save it from cats and
freezing; and when we appear in the
morning our little feathery friends are
found perched around on rail and bush
eagerly awaiting "the breakfast bell."
We have counted among them, two
kinds of sparrows, robin redbreast,
wood robin, the junco (or snowbird),
with his little black bib neatly hanging
down over his gray stomacher, the
(inch with lovely red head and neck:
and last and biggest, the beautiful
Alaska robin with coppery-barred
wings and copper-colorpd breast
adorned with a charming: little black
And. now. one who is not -ersed in
bird wisdom closes with this query:
Since the Alaska robin is a migratory
bird and has come thus far for a
milder climate than his northern home
affords, why does not the instinct that
brought him here, carry him. in an un
usual stress like this, still further
south till he find what he came for
and must have to insure self-preservation?
E. L. R.
ANOTHER COMMENDS CARRIERS
Woman on Height Award Boy Blue
Ribbon for Faithful Service.
PORTLAND. Feb. 7. (To tho Ed
itor.) I wish I could sit upon the
bench and sentence every dishonest
man his dues who makes the newspaper
carrier call more than once for his
pay. Some tightwads would be un
able to read the paper In daylight for
I live on the heights and plainly 1
see what the carriers have to contend
with up at 3 o'clock A. M. and facing
all kinds of weather and climbing
hills and lately taking one step for
ward and slipping back two.
It is like the little boy"s example.
His teacher told him to figure a cat
out of the well. He was to bring it
up one foot and it was to go back two
feet. How long would it take to get
it out. The boy figured both sides of
his slate full and had not yet got the
cat out. He remarked that if he had
another slate he would figure that cat J
out of the well or in some other place.
I think of that story on seeing the
carriers trying to deliver papers up
hill. They know how much people en
Joy the newspaper and they exert
every effort to please us. I have taken
The Oregonian for 15 years. It has
become my dally companion. I am
very much disappointed, for the day if
I miss petting it. which is very sel
dom. While I did not expect on one
of the cold, stormy days to receive it,
I heard a thump on the porch and there
was the faithful carrier as usual.
The carriers are entitled to the blue
ribbon. They are brave enough te
stand on the battlefield before the guns
of an enemy.
IN EVERY TONGUE.
Where are thou, oh Oregon's balmy
Thou, too. we fear are falling fast In
Thou art stinging; thou art very, very
We scarce believe that thou, eo bold,
Wouldst come in the stillness of the
Freeze the water, our precious palm
Where art thou, oh Oregon's balmy
We waita de long time, we give you
lntta de time;
We lika not tell de story you maka
de vega grow.
But we lika de rain we not lika de
We gotta de work.
Tou no hurry up
an cum dack ;
We're gonna getta. de clothes
up and pack.
Veil! Fare art thou, oh Oregon's
Ve vant the puisness; shure diss Iss no
To freeze up the beople. Ve need 'em,
They stay at home, ve make no money
We unly prepare for you, shure ve vant
Vill you sqvuare yourself to this Ore
Where art thou, oh Oregon's balmy
Aye tank you bane mighty scarce for
Tou better hurry back. Aye almost
Aye tank Aye save money, go back to
Aye no like the snow.. Varm like
weather Aye like.
What you tank, we like to always wear
Where art thou, oh Oregon's balmy
We've waited a wee bit ya nay cam
I wee'l I cane we miss you. Our hearts
be ear re.
Gin cold stays on and you cum back
The grlss is out and times are a wee
We nay can live without you, we need
Wheah ot thou
I say, old girl, we need
yon all the
Weah not acclimated we are not used
I say, old girl, you are cold, don't you
My purse strings were nevah so weak.
Come on: warm up to me, oh deah; oh
Fare in diss vurreld art thou, Oregon
Fen I get up In the marrining und build
My feed ts frozen so quick already eo
Dot I Jump so fast und so high as the
By gollles, ef you doan t hurry oup and
I git so mad, I doan't know vhat I am
NELLIE R. CABLE.
1077 Division street
Own Gin Cet Woman Hat. -BEND.
Or., Feb. 6. (To the Editor.)
In The Oregonian January 30 1918,
I read the article, "First Kabbit Hat
Is Mr. Sinnott's." I have him beaten
a month. 1 claim ine uisuncuun ui
being the first woman in Crook County
to shoot the rabbits. -prepare the furs
and make my own fur hat It looks
fine and it is warm this cold weather.
1LK3. JU14A BXUWti.
In Other Days.
Twenty-live Yearn Age.
From The Oregonian of Feb. 8. 1S9L
Salem. Feb. 1. E. L. Quimby. a
pioneer of Oregon, died this morning at
Woodburn at the age of 82 years. Hia
remains will be taken to Portland to
morrow for burial.
State Treasurer Philip Metschan
came from Salem yesterday afternoon
and registered at the St Charles.
J. C. Murray, formerly foreman of
the manufacturing department of Gold
smith & Loewenberg, but who has since
accepted a position as traveling sales
man for the same firm, was presented
in a neat speech by M. L. Kline with
a handsome cane In behalf of the mem
bers of the workshop.
Samuel Elmore and a party of cap
italists from San Francisco were in
the city yesterday and went to Astoria
last night to look over the ground with
a view to locating a can factory plant
The late William H. Vanderbilt is
quoted as saying a few weeks before
his death: "Too much money is a
nuisance. The happiest time in my
life was when I was worth $300,000."
.President Diaz of Mexico began his
political career as an insurgent and
insurrectionist, but he has toned down
into a law-and-order-loving President,
who wants the Mexicans whom he rule
to be quiet and shoots them if they
Judge L. R. Webster, of the First
United States District, holding court at
Jacksonville, has been in the city for
a few days. He will leave this even
ing for The Dalles, where he will hold
a term of court for Judge Bird.
Half a Centory Ago.
From The Oregonian of Feb. S.
New Orleans papers say that never
before was there such a heavy demand
in that city as now for all kinds of
mechanics. Many carpenters can earn
$S a day as journeymen.
There was a large attendance yes
terday at the pale of A. B. Richardson,
at which the beautiful horse Emigrant
was sold to Bills & Co. for $2750.
This evening the Hebrew Ladies"
Benevolent Society will give its second
annual ball at Turn Verein Hall.
The new iron works in this city, in
corporated last September as the Wil
lamette Iron Works, yesterday went
into successful operation. The first
"heat" of 2800 pounds of iron was cast
in three-quarters of an hour after tho
blowers were turned upon cupola. John
Nation is the superintendent
We are pleased to meet with Dr. S.
P. Farnham. of South Boise, who la
here en route to New York for tho
purpose of attending to the business
of the New York & Idahp Gold & Sil
ver Mining Company, of which he is
McCraken. Merrill & Co. have Just
received from the Sandwich Islands
2300 kegs of sugar, 350 bales of pulu.
50 sacks of kona coffee. 1S8 mats of
rico and 9 kegs of pappioca.
Not a single person. It is stated, has
been killed by a railroad accident in
the German states since the origin of
that mode of travel.
PESTILENCE POSSIBLY WEATHER
Silver Thaw May Account for Bone
Found by First While Men.
WA SHOUGAL. Wash., Feb. 6. (To
the Editor.) How dreary is the pros
pect presented in contemplating the
ice-fettered landscape. How force
fully it brings to mind the old Indian
woman and her dire prophecy of a
year or two ago. The old native un
derstood what she was talking about,
but was a little mixed up in matter of
dates. She had abundant reason to
warn, for she had heard fearsome talfs
of what had happened to her race
years before. Even savages could not
long exist under such conditions us
now prevail. With everything thick
ly coated with ice as it is now, with
out a stick of wood to burn, the tepee
loaded down with ice and huge chunks
falling from tho tall trees under which
they sought shelter; with no provis
ions, no game abroad, no chance to
hunt for it truly the poor red man's
lot must have been dismal in such an
And does this not afford a likely ex
planation of the stories told concern
ing the finding by the first white men
here many human bones scattered about
as if some pestilence had swept off the
inhabitants? Some such a Winter
perhaps worse probably overtook
them. Byron's description ot a dream
of darkness, when the sun stood dead,
and motionless in the heavens; when
the last survivors of dread surround
ing horrors fought and strove for a
place beside the perishing embers, must
to these forlorn savages have become
a fearsome reality.
fironndhog Is tVoodchnck.
PORTLAND, Feb. 7. (To the Ed
itor.) Kindly tell an ignorant person
by what other name the groundhog,
who couldn't see his shadow Wednes
day, at least in Portland, is known?
I can find him in neither Webster nor
the Britannica. Or is he a fabulous
little beast known only in connection
with this fairy tale? M. U. L.
"Groundhog" is a vernacular name
for the North American marmot, or
woodchuck. See "woodchuck" in
B Is Right.
GALES CREEK. Or., Feb. 5. (To the
Editor.) I would be very much
obliged if you would settle a dispute
which has arisen over a game of crib-
bage A holds a hand containing a
three, four and two fives. A five is
turned up. A counts it as 18. B counts
It as 17 Please stato which is right.
Three fives count two for 15 and six
for three of a kind; three runs of three
count nine; total, 17.
Drawing the Line.
"Is the play one which you -would
permit your daughter to attend?" we
ask of the lady who has been expound
ing her views on the necessity for
handling vital topics in the drama,
"Certainly." she replies, ''but I
wouldn't allow my sen to see it"
Pont Take Substitutes
Up-to-date dealers never attempt
to sell you "something else that is
Just as good."
They take pride in giving you
what you ask for. They prefer a
satisfied customer to the larger
profits to be made by substitution.
They realize that men do not
spend fortunes advertising their
branSs unless they believe the lat
ter have quality behind them.
Patronize the ptores that use day
When you see an article adver
tised in "this newspaper ask for It
And patronize the store that
cheerfully gives you what you ask