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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Jan. 1, 1916)
Development of Ports in Oregon During Past Year Extensive
Other Projects on
at Astoria Cost
SI sty Arra. Ow-l by Pact. Prt
of TV .h Km IWo l.pii-
pum i.d t rria smb-
Oregon Coast Are
Siuslaw Harbor Improved South
Jetty of Nehalem River Complet
ed -Channel at Toledo Deepened.
Tillamook Bay Work Big.
AoTOKIA. ta. 1 1 re.l.l Tka
pert f Airti haa rcat.r
eooasleted 4 bw aaa la opra
M k f-t snic ef wkal to eoaakd-
r4 the ( Mierte llippd MK
o k a Ik Pawlf Coast. as wall a
a at tk finest puilk-Ir at aad stroe
tar ef ika k.n4 la tk tlr cooa
tri. ft la lorat4 ai wkal I kaowo a
a-m-k loaa!. In Ika xtio
( tax city ! ta kr ika Port
ef Aston. rai-h isixim ika aatira
loofitr. Tria pape eutkortaad Ika -
iii af kn4 la defray the eipaaeo
af lu praini. aad !.., a.readr kas
k-v "V la the piirrhea af (rant
aaa ana In re-toa. af daprfc to pro
.l rctutia for ta.;; r the area!
toninr of ika Columbia Kr.
Tka sort aw a a trart of atarfronl
as imfttkft a ftciM. facta? iha
raana-l of tka lual karbwr. Tka
property :r4 kaa kaea ra-lal-aad
prt.4 kr fii;i la from Iko rtr
ctinul. Over I ;..." yard of ma
larial kae a dredsed froa Ika ax ft
aap. proidtn- a depth of J feet of
water at l lid aa all eidee of lha
wkarf. aibil Ika material kaa boo
! la as, trautxl available for aa
at tion 6tM t.-i;iue ao eooa aa
tka demand of nanm ran a Ire tka
ftrt af tat apace.
iim isaa) $ Looat.
Th main warefceu stand aa P1r
K I. whtk l !; ft la leastk Tka
e-i ura nt' four ecrae of par
aifric-tertt to v'oro thooaond of loaa
af freishl. Tka kJI4;r. la eonstrwtaal
of kin- tilinc wtta f rJll. an 4 U
oqulppaal wtta aa tutomatlc sprinkling
rito. Tka itrwlitl la aa ar flro-
roof aa II (ta ha m4. ana tka la-iaru-
rata an frelskt stored lkr ta
k;t 4 1 chMl the IwmI rata fla4 for
nr -lock oa tka I'arlfiC Coast
Tn ilo-kiii( rci;itla itt4 a 4a
taaco af Hi t feet, so that, alt rare
fton-rt raa radlr b 4ockJ ta ld
t4 4i-rr freteht at ana lima. Klip
No I kaa a wide ef a f-i aa4 a
4ta af f-. llalIroa4 tracka aa-
l-rii tka aalira l-nt af lha mala
rkH r-ilhr aid. karrlaa
kono ti.Ulrti'kt from ohlrk Ihrao tart
ca ka oad t or 4l ftarc4 at tka aaraa
oor Aa a jtor-ucir trlr raoo kaa
k--a arovU44 far Iko rp(4 4!akara
af carao. II U aa4 to k Ik tooal
auMara aa4 -- ful lM4na
Bn-no4 yt ampto-ati oa tka Coart.
Ii. r No. 3 kaa b-a 4scn4 for
l-.mkor atoraa an4 f--l frin(t
fpoco I priJ4 for atorlac .
ton of cool, aa-l alariK roararora ara
to ko lnallU4 fr kaad!in It. Itk
ta:a aT-tam la vo"-o. aa
roala4 at tka rata ef CV ton art kaor
Tha ranmurioa kaa ( wM f !'."
1 r tka inataUatlon af tkl aratara. la-
liLnar tka providing af itetar- taaka
r fu-l oL nnl l- In prM'-M oa
tn (roctioai af a k'llk rrraia latrator
-itfc a paritr of u ' and
a- a coat af atptoiii-tirlr :t.
t'ompUto rUaoirc Bi.-kinrr aa wall
a- tka lataal aa t tnoat appro4 a!ar
trkol 4-i.-. for kaadltaa Ika frnla
ara aln lajtailrO.
X : . "
T OrKsa tcxlaliro at lla raaaat
aaajilun pa.-a-nl a law autkorlrlnaT aorta
to ift tha traaaportalloa koal
. Tkia at -a pa-od paralr la
aia ta tfa ln'ftrial dalopmntt of
Ik. Laarar CotumMa fllrar dlrtrV't.
t'Tj-h-d att'k lki autAortcr. tko Tort
af Arert-a remaiatna la t arorktnff
oo a pr:?t tr Ika aatabliakraaat and
r-rtuaa af a ataamor and karaa llaa
At rt karMr anal poinla oo
t."i t'ptfr Colt-mbia an annka Kiara
fr aaat a I ('in. I4akx a dla-tn--
of mil'a l iana arid apavlfl
rai.ona f r tka propwd craft ara ko
Asotiar pro!-1 -M-k ika port la aa
a.rtln la tha Improramant of tka
tktiMl of tha 5ftlpanor l!nr. a rlt
t.rr vf lha Looar I'olJaola. lTa4la
of thl atraa.Ti kaa ouhorll to a
daptk arr(-iant la pr-nll a-aaia to
. r iha arkamaa af Ika mllla oral4
kl-n ifa kaaha.
Th lorl f Aatorla kaa Ial4 aol a
-a ai; -df irt potwr of daraiopaaaal.
Tha tort la tln rarrlal aa tap kT
tav, an.t tka tP'" roaij'aar aritkln
tha r-n'ln-a af lha diatrt.1 kaa
thair rrarf't I aapport lha pro-
j f -.i m a It i.- k T a a on ami Ik anllr
t'.:unhi ;,-ar d .tn t will roralra a
Ms - law llartmr l-nproard.
rtK:"K. . r-a.- l iap-laL)
a.lat tha Important daialopmaola
sjtj . f l," ' - r
II outfit- r?dx - mmmmmmmm,m " n v J r
1 Coo-&at II - - --.
"t " soa1 aSfeocrl 7 '"
V'akia" .1 I a-a -a. V , -1, V-'--aa-l.r. (- r--TJ,'-i J I
--"a'-aT . . l.'t.- -; x- L n FT ry ""r"- - -I , "x ,--i-1J
la Ik la dlatrwt and Laaa Coon I r vaa
tho astanaiv itBproTamant trerk at
ma moo ik ef tho Kioalaar KWar. Tha
t oil4 at i at aa iMtrm( and t-aaa
County ampodd Joiatly !;. la
daapaoma; ika caaanal la aiaalaar liar
kor. with lha raault that lare
lor vaaaala raa tnahe the eort aaailr.
im oaptoaakor S the atoanar Oraa-o txl
lar claaraal for California porta with
a iaii of !.a.4 11 of lurakar and
aottat4 tko ckaaaod la enfaty. With
Ika Improasatara of the harbor a water
Jtl.t for tha lajtaana lutnkor eotpat
of thie aoctloa ta ard.
Xrw Chaatvrl at Xrhalcwa.
NTHALXVI. Or. Da. fSpoetaLV
Work; oa tha eoath Jaltr of Kaha
lara lllar t lha fnllad aiataa aati
ar baa Vaaa complatad. aa4 work
will ta atartod Imraadlatalr laa
awrlb IIT. Nbalao aow la aewr4
a aufflctaat 4pa of waiar co tha bar
lo parmlt Ik aafa paaaatTa of lumbar
erhoonore. Or opaln the dutrlcl to
aatalde hlpTia. a araat futaro I la
proa pact, aa It mane a ksarkad actirlty
la lha pro4uctioa aad taarkatiatT of
Hark aa tha aoulh JH baa baaa
andar way for mere lhaa thra yaara.
It waa tart4 by Ik Tort of Wahalem.
Tka Tt apod4 ltaa la buildint
Ui ( l of traatl and plarlaa 4i.
loaa af rack, la tUrnn.at aid
waa aacorad. lha aramot balaar that
lha port aad tha loratant each ap
propriate llta.lta. The funda wait
aaaiiabi aarly la lla. and work waa
tarted at am In addilloa to tha tty
work. 4rdmc of tha upper ri'ar U to
Jrf-Kv5 . f w a-- ,
! f l y " INl ,ari v
1 S a
I - I' ll- '
Dredgring: Work Is
Making Cig: Strides
on IMarshfield Bar
With Oprritioaa af Drrdja CoL P.
S. Michte, Depth of Water Bar
Iaeroaaatl Kroat 18 to 30 Feet ia
MARSIinELD. Or. Dae Jl. (Spe
cial.) la the paat year the prin
cipal ImproTemaat oa Cooa Bay waa
done by tba Oortremant dredge CoL P.
8. allcbta. which, aftar a tryout la
dlopd the fact the craft bad not
baaa aufflctanlly et"lpr,' Pow'r
L'nder the condition ot II4 the work
of tko Michle waa not katlafactory to
tka narlnrlor hoard and a he waa or
dared away to the North for additional
power. Oa returalnc ta Cooa Bay last
Uplink? the vreeal waa placard la chare
of Junior F.mlnear Jamrt Polhamua.
wllb Charlaa L- potter, the Gorarnmaot
bar dredge expert direr-ting- and adrla
Ire bow the work ehould be conducted.
Wnen the dredge left Cooa Hay he
middle of Nombr. there waa la fel
of watar on the bar. wheraaa. whan
the dredge tartd work In Mar. there
waa etwea I aad II feat.
ttoalda bar ImproTement. a number
of lnlte have bea deepened, among
tham Calrhlnc. North, liaynea and
lathmua. On Uthmoa Inlet the .dredging
waa don by the Port of C'ooe Bay to
permit "eaaela to roach tba Cooa Bar
Hill Lumbar Company wharf, two
mllea aboro the Smith mill, wbara the
Oornront project end.
a ear "Typo af n radge VaeL
Tha dredge CoL P. 8. Wtchle to a
tael. twln-crew atramer ttl feat Ions.
42 feet wide, baring within lla bull all
aand-blna of nearly equal capacity:
three on each glde of a center well
placed amldahlpa. down through which
the dredging arm projecta. Tha ca
pacity of tha bin, when fully loaded,
la cubic yard of material.
The dredge wort by lowerlnc the
drag- to the bottom of tha locality and
pumping while under way at alow
peed, not exceeding one and a half
mllea an hour agalnat tha current,
which might run up to three or four
mllea an hour with tha current. The
depth of furrow made by tho dra U
from two to two and a balf feet. Thll
type of dredge, with a center-well auc
tion, la a new one and a arreat depar
ture from the more common dredee
with aide auction. However, the new
type haa proved Itaelf to be a decided
aucceaa. Very little time waa loat In
breakdowna and tba kflcble waa aeea
working every daylight hour when the
bar waa amooth. It waa aurprlalng
bow gteadily the llkhle worked during
the month of Juno, July. August and
September, only a few daya being; loot,
due to rough weather or to;. The
dredge waa operated from daylight to
dark on the bar. making- two eight
hour eh lft In the lone day of Bummer.
Tba average crew on double ahlft 1 it
men. Since tha middle of May. 1915.
when the Mlchlo darted work, up to
tha date of her leaving- for the Colum
bia River. 00. 000 cubic yard of aand
have been removed from the bar.
Flae HawUg Made.
When the dredge ftret atartad work
there waa only IS feet of water on the
bar at mean lower low water, and when
tha last aurvey waa made September
4. 11S. It ahowed a channel oo feet
wide with a ruling- depth of 25 feet at
mean lower low water and a narrow
channel W0 feet wide and J feet deep
at mean lower low water.
Working- It-hour shift, the Mlchle
averaged 200.00 cubic yards a month
for the months of June. July, August
and September. The dredging- season
appears to ba from the first of May to
the first of November, and little dredg
ing; can be expected to be done on the
bar during- the ret of tha year, due to
rough conditions of tho bar. The
Mlchle waa able to work successfully
on the bar. contrary to the opinions of
many of the navigators, and has set a
record for like work, probably better
than any other dredge in the United
States. Mariners and others expectea
the dredsed cut to fill in with north
went winds and seas accompanying
them, but no noticeable shoaling oc
curred. It took the dredge Michie on
an average of 45 minutes to nil Its
bins (1200 cubic yards), and the
dredged material was taken one mile to
sea and dumped Into deep water. Three
loads were dredged every four hours.
tha biggest days work being
yards, and the biggest month's clean
up being 2Z2.IZ3 yards, in August.
Other Port Work Stodled.
The dredge la operated by the United
States War Department, engineers1 of
fice. First District, at Portland. Charles
L. Potter. Lieutenant-ColoneL Corps of
Engineers being In charge. James rl
Polhamua. United States junior engi
neer, was In local charge of the dredge
during Its excellent work on. Coos Bay
during 115. Mr. Polhemus personally
directed the dredginir that showed such
extensive excavation the past year. Be
fore being sent to Coos Bay Junior En
gineer Polhemus was sent East for a
three months' tour of the bars where
dredging is carried on, to observe meth
ods In use on the Atlantic and Gulf
Coasts, and the success of the Michie is
attributed to his observations and the
Mlchle after -she had been tried out
her in 1914.
The Port of Coos Bay bonded itself
for $600,000, and with the proceeds be
gan on its project of dredging a chan
nel 300 feet wide and 25 feet deep at
low water from tho C. A. Smith mill
to the bar. This project also included
turning basins 500 feet wide in front of
the cities of Marshfleld and North
Bend. A contract for the dredging waa
entered Into with the Puget bound
Bridge A Dredging Company, of Seat
tle. The contract price for removins
the slicklnsrs was 12 cents a cubic yard.
The dredging company oegan worn
In August, 1S1J, and worked continu
ously day and night until the project
was completed In April, 1915. The
company dredged a total of 4.785.740.a
cubic yards from the main channel and
waa paid f 631,501.52 by the Port of Cooa
Bay. This outlay included the con
struction of bulkheads, handling of
shore pipe and Impounding the slick
laleta Also ureagea.
In addition to the work on the main
channel the Port did a great deal ot
dredging in North inlet, heniucn iiuei.
Hayncs Inlet, Willanch Inlet, Catching
Inlet and some in Isthmus Inlet. The
total cost of dredging of the inlets
amounts to about J20.000. The Port
also established a proposed harbor line
and marked It with special numbered
piling, and now is beginning to maj-k
the course of the navigable channel of
all the inlets.
During the months of June, July and
August, -1914, when the Government ap
nrnnriatinTiH for oDeraUnsr the suction
dredge Oregon and bar dredge Colonel
P S. Michie was exnausnau, ims
advanced to the Secretary of War the
sum of $10,038.75 for the purpose of
operating said dredges until Govern
ment money became available.
The slickings from the main channel
have reclaimed much of the marsh land
in the cities of Marshfleld and North
Bend. Citizens have contributed over
$60,000 to the Port toward the expenses
involved. The average cost to the
property owner for bulkheading and
filling property was about 4 cents per
Channel at Toledo Deepened.
TOLEDO, Or., Dec. SI. (Special.)
Through the co-operation of the Port
of Toledo" and . the Government, tho
channel between Yaquina Bay and To
ledo has been deepened sufficiently lor
the Bafe passage of seagoing vessels.
The Port of Toledo expended loO.OOO
and the Government $28,000 on the im
provement work. Improvement of the
channel is having a marked effect on
the lumber Industry in this district, as
there is no longer any serious barrier
to water shipments of lumber to out
side markets. Three steamers are now
carying lumber regularly trom this
port to California.
Tillamook Work Progresses.
TILLAMOOK, Or, Dec ,31. (Spe
ciaD It was through the united ef
forts of the Port Commissions of Tilla
mook and Bay City that the Govern
ment undertook the task of construct
ing a two-mile jetty at the mouth of
the bay. This work was commenced
under the aupervision of the War De
partment in tho Spring of 1915 and
will continue for at least another year.
An expenditure of $850,000 was author
ized by Congress to complete the proj
ect, part of the funds, however, being
raised by the two ports of the bay.
The annual budgets of the Commis
sions have shown heavy assessments,
but the finances of both are now in
good condition. , ....
The main project, and what is known
as the North Jetty, starts from a point
a few hundred feet north of the bar.
at Bar View, and extends straight out
into the ocean nearly a mile, trom
the point attained it will then turn on
an angle and will be continued for
another mile, in a northwesterly direc
tion The structure itself Is composed
of two trestles, spaced about lo feet
apart, and built of heavy timbers and
Up to this time over 200,000 tons of
rock has been placed, making an aver
age of approximately 60 tons to the
running foot. A little later on, after
deeper water Is reached, and the extra
placing between the structure made, it
will require nearly 100 tons of rock to
the lineal foot.
rvimnietion of the Jetty will mean
about 25 feet of water on the bar at
low tide. At this time that amount at
added power which was Installed In the' high tide Is a rare occurrence.
" aa -a a a a 1 -a aa aa a a a a a I
Portland's Advantages as Factory Center Are Great
" - -a . . a-.j'ra! I IJu.nala CMnnlno FarilitiM Are
Wraith of Haw Material. IdtaJ tlimauc wnQiiioiu u r-f-e.
Wraith ,r.cIkreslIll industrial Drr.lopmcnt Totals $30,000,000.
P RTt-' taofc ao tka laosera
of tko -alfl Ooaal la Indu.lrtaU
4,.a;oraaL It baa ov.r la
du.trl. la vart.4 Haaa. lla payroll
aklU-4 workare of It factott) aad
.s.p. la e?erd to $!.. raar
Tka laalMtrlaJ taveatmaat la Portland
I Jdine, aMTil?maol aad aatrlal t
Th turtxa of lhaao laaiiratloaa) Is
;tra.-tias l ett:ishnt af
d.tn.e. Te IVrttand Chatakar
Cc-am.reo tleee that lata la aol oaty
Oa tott.-et. but Oe enly Mrml
offar lo roff4 Indaatrlaa. Tbl
ara a (aatiaauaa ef atfKlaay y aad
kaa:adsa af Ik ka;nae. aol poo-
l If coal koaaaaa ware effr4. Ta
lart.aa I I;. a :r -ardl aot affiliated
with tka Cfcatakar at Caawwrca
Ik-aogk aaxo af ll Ia4.ai4a.al okore
f .- ta parjoao at dlo;r. varlo-aa
f.-l.rv site caoiniueitlaa U effaring
faaa a to ! lautrle. la
el ;rial n-uatu kil"e. lo va'l
a... larai.uaa koaag tea4 far
II. rurpoa- af aarlng lC Ik aaaallar
l-i I ,ana ait a kai.-i.ag of
U i ea.
r a af karaaa Oartlloaai.
Tie Nadaaaaial pv.rpoao of tko ka
roo i af la4atr aad maaafectara la
to aarv IS ojaaaf--tirra Kxalad
la rer:;a$ aal la r.a la all aoal
r ta aiui aa atian uua raa a
of rac'i-J lo I vm a4 to ao-
ra a.w ladxatriae la Tortlaad aad
It ot4To. ril g raar aetertaia.
lakur aal rtrkata ara available aad
liar la a re-oile rr.; thai a
Saw l.-ri-t-T a ko coa4rte4 with
pra'lt. Tka ea'Je'aae of all!f la
d ria la dio to ma frt tkav tk
a rna ka ta-oaa 4 thai aa.l-.y
tnaxt -. f'rat aa p-.-a eao4. thai
-i,-a i lala rare af llaait If over,
kaa. par-a-aa'e i.a f"-l '"a It a aBaal
.,n ar fa I fr-iay at
t - : a.
T.. baa a a!T avaa-jfaw-
litit u Ua a aUl l Us.
aai.aa. both bro and ahroad.
dar lo brine about ho full raallaatloo
ef thaaa lint, tha conaumora of lha
l-oa-lfta N'arlhwaat ar bam Impraaaaa)
mora aad mora every day with to
economy or quality Tka publications
of Portland and of traoo ar co
cparalina with tba Chamber of Com
mrvo aad lha boraao to educate tka
cooaamar lo raajiaa lha ox-oaomy or
adopltn; and practlclnd thla policy.
Coaaoquaatly. the eucc of oor In
daatrlaa la oaaad oa tko kaowladaa
tka coantaina pukllc baa af tba oualliy
and value of homo produrte.
Tko baroao. l coojoaetlea with tha
l'alaritr of Or too. Oraaoa Ao-rieul-taral
Colla and R4 Calsa. la a
(sad la .aaa that will raaall la com
ptt la'ormatioa tela la lo tka
world at lary; of our InduXrlal r
aoarcae aad opportaeltlaa. Tkl la
aotiaatioa Iraaia of all tko commodl
tla aiaaafactxrad la Orcoa. Tko par
poao lo la obtain mora statlstlca of
aa-h coaanaodiiy. both aa lo He la
trtaaia vela, and Ik merlta aad tka
r:iloa It bear to commoditlea la
eral. wkirb will enabla Ika pro
l)..r o dataranino Ik poeelbiiillee (or
davalapanaat. Tkia la bain; aorora
rliahx by dtrrnlalaa la detail ta
wkat d-ra tk commodity kaeet aad
t.i . to aat rortaia rolratl
Tkl work I klag 4oao froaa thra
view poiai. t a. :
I. Tka lnaaul roadllloai. or tk
akil.tr lo aat prodaa-tion aooda
X. Tho kaatarlal conditio aad tba
epocite kaaaiedg af tba comaodJtv la
aj jaal .
1. The com Bare lal roaditloa aad tha
(aaoral kaowladsa of Iko commodity ta
lla raiatioa to etkar coeaaaoditl.
or- fax (a. Tkl eliminate theory and re
mit In the appal balnr efTctlv to
th hlchvst poaaibla dra. wblrb
practically guaranla rvaulta. It af
ford a aa oprortunily to aatimato tba
minimum aad maximum results that
may ba expected from thla work and
wka tho plana bare boon completed
and carried out. th result secured can
bo dnnllly checked afalnat the reault
A markd dagroo of co-operation by
purcnaalna- aaanta of city, county, stat
aad s-ovoramantal official ha been
noted during tba paat year. It haa re
sulted la auamaid payroll and In
eroaaod elrculatloa to all line of bual
Daa. Oregon, la conjunction wllb the other
Pacific Coast atat, I going ahead In
lha development of lis Industrie with
tba hlp of He pooM. Th spirit of
co-oporatioa haa diacloaad th para
mount tact tkat tha Individual bual
aa I no mora Important lo lla owners
Caad.-.ioee lafluaaclag Iko
Hy la aaootloa ara carafully aoted for
tko parpoo of aerertaialnc bear lbr
ff tk af Ike commodity la
aueetloa. fca tbla ta 4lralad.
tko eoaaraaaer. a a eta, la tudytag
to aaa wkal laflaeaco aaa ka broaght
to boar oa tko tadtvtdaa! a-amkara at
tkat claae la ovdar lo caeac or atlma-
1. ra the eaa.aalty TBI
frla t kre- In aaa'at
rta4.p 1& (arm aaxl
than th bualneaaea of
Tho reorganization of the Chamber of
Commerce during tbo last year baa
made possible aa Interchange of Ideas
and co-operatioa that could not have
been secured la any other direction
or by any other mean. Tha argu
ment ef the competitor, as well as
tho concern in a non-competltlv line,
vitally effects every Industry. The
unbiasad analysis of conditions la for
tha purpose of best aervlng tha mu
tual Interesta of tha consumer and the
manufacturer. Every consideration of
the facta la a reason for tho purchase
and tiee of Portland-made goods.
-Portland quality" la a mutual slogan
which -assures tha consumer that the
economy ot quality ta tha best and
only way to reduce tho coat of living.
It aaaures th manufacturer an op
portunity to use his bast judgment,
experience, knowledge and capital la
Iba production of his merchandise.
Portland's future as a manufacturing
city Is assured by Its present develop
ment, by lla bom market and Its
foreign markets, by tba fact that It 1
located on one of the three natural
harbors of th Pacific Coast, by tha fact
that Its harbor Is tha only gateway
through tho mountains to the East and
Middle West tkat can be reached with
out hauling freight over these moun-talna.
Shipping With Atlantic Seaboard Makes Big Gain
Portland's Share in Intercoastal Commerce Reached Total of $10,764,907 in 1915 -Volume of
Outgoing Traffic LargerMore Vessels Available. .
PORTLAND'S ahar In th trade be
tween the Pacific and .Atlantic
coasts of th United State waa
valued at $10.7t4.t07 last year.
That Is In excess ot what the valua
tion of tho entire exportation of wheat
baa been soma years from this harbor.
Of course, th figure could not stand
side by aid with thos representing
cereal export valuea for the paat two
ButTi I enough that a showing- has
been made whereby th movement to
and from Portland by way of the Pan
ama Caaal. and latterly through the
Strait of Magellan, with a limited
service sine th canal closed, stands
forth as a channel for futur commerce
that la more valuable than early esti
mates provided for.
Business originating- here, which the
Eastern centers must take cognizance
of some of which moved in limited
quantity before when only rail trans
portstlon was depended on and now
t'oadned milk. caja,,o
fruit and viabta. ton.,
fruit, canned, cafrta..
fruit, dried. raa.
Grain baa, baiea
M ay. ton.
Iron and leel. Ion..
Laauora. pac aagea. .. ......
lAianhar. f eet. .........
Machinery, pex-kacea.. ... . .
Ml fee, ton.
I'.ic. sack. ...
rhtnete. bundle. ........
Maia and ahooka, tone....
Ta.aow. t le naa
VA kat. bukia.
DOMESTIC SHIPMENTS FROM PORTLAND BY WATER.
Merchants' Exchange Records.
... 1.114. J
j 4 71
has increased through lower tariffs and
ability to handle In larger lots. Is ex
changeable with commodities from be
yond the Mississippi River, and until
the blockading of the canal that ter
ritory was contributing to the cargoes
The leading fleets engaged In the
trade are the American-Hawaiian and
th Atlantic-Pacific vessels. They have
been operated on schedule and a few
outside ships have come during the
year, while some lines not reaching
north of Ban Francisco with a direct
service have transported Portland con
signments and delivered them here
More Toaaaare Available.
The American-Hawaiian has three
vessels under construction on the East
Coast, one, th Floridan, for the regu
lar general cargo fleet, while two were
ordered especially for the lumber trade
from Oregon and Washington. The Atlantic-Pacific
flag, also known as the
Grace line, has three ships building in
tba East and mora are to be started on
this side during 11. old and new ton
nage of both to bb pressed into serv
ice between the two oceans via the
Panama route when ready, providing
th strife in Europe has been lifted
and the world's commerce may again
move in natural channels.
Two factors worked to the disadvan
tage of the Canal commerce during the
year. The war abroad wrought a dis
couraging Influence during the early
part of th period and about the time
a spurt was predicted in the Fall the
elimination of the Canal passageway
temporarily from the routes between
American shores placed an extra damp
er on tha trade.
Despite the dnal handicap and the
fact that no shipments have moved
eastbound during November and De
cember, the gain over 1914 was approx
imately $1,000,000 In valuation. As far
as records are obtainable the trade
drswn direct in 1914 from the Atlantic
side amounted to 16.90 tons, valued at
II 821.151. and for the 1916 period 0.
117 tons moved that represented a val
uation of 17.920.425.
lacreaae la JSotable.
In May. 1914, no cargo went from
here to the Er.t Coast and total busi
ness for tha rear reached li,494 tons
thai waa worm 11.84.7,804, Eor the year
ending yesterday 19,528 tons were
moved from Portland through the
Canal and were valued at 32,844,482.
A summary of the trade by months
is as follows:
Cars From Atlantic Coast Porta, 1S151
4.599 3 614.95S
March. . ..
April. . ...
June. . ....
August. . .
Cargo From Atlantic Coast Forts, '19141
October. . ..
January, February, March, April,
May, June, July, August no record.
Cargo to Atlantic Coast Ports. 19151
November. . .......
TotaL 39.528 $2,844,482
Cargo to Atlantic Coaat Porta. 18141
January. . .
March. . ...
June. . ....
August. . ..
October. . .
.... 16.194 tl.8i7.90i
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