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About Morning Oregonian. (Portland, Or.) 1861-1937 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 31, 1915)
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I r al.'oticn. II baa irnmeaaaraUir
'.rtcA"...ee,l tl;e Motcror.l In whl
I; U cauvl by tieim' toewlhar ir-
xiIon ilru aa I rural credit.
iVU a bruKkx of eo g-Tt uadar
lait.-i th di.)pmao at b Tl
.,:r,f.I irii of Oroa e 1
mi ir7ia arhlcS fiil arabla in lm-
ar 1 ratlaia l&rotaalvaa raiaa:;y (
cM ttriotj faUo It ua trvl-
.. T coefiM a broa4 )xifk t
laa fu" ef otr L'ttJ' J'f'U
ai,flC t&a aa.-sa aM hilt U
.t frwm tat aaj Nailoa for InV
(ttkua U B-Ja4 for drii. for
litMoa et " cf BB!mpra4
arm fT,ul ! IfTlrtH"- -
f Or( : tfralaaa. all tra
a ttrlj b II a-raal a cf
kll upprl a lamirr. al ult:lel-
,8e ail aa lh ma g-anaraj
a o-i faa aCCAia U y tit am fvnrral
Ihr fcia arlvliofv cisty In
ti cpacti. ef tJf inar t
t. a bfaae U -rn probtam. th
atunU (oun la t adopt M rnJur
t aot tA Btif proMtn la all tta
TR rk bfirt u t rtv-tj.
iral 4a:cpajant cf Orr
a6t. lUtharto tla r
( plwraaL W b.T l:ka-t about
it:ia th pr ma o if Uod. boi
ofrafa-i a maa -r
.v3iiU!d lif frtn !i!-b h
eaasaH UtieB w'.toot aatarl thoun 1
-:iar raah. aa.J w b n him
ar ef tip th eat. Thi U
t.-u ef tmatJ Uti.J. and It oo'. fc
Tia::y tra cf dfaieaj Un l. II may
k rrrt rltro4 cr --a roal
gra.t UbJ ea lb tB-jrr-P4r,-t
ua. bol B U- mnT ta eTact
bailJier. t T Impla
inaBla. la put la bt flrt crop and to
! otil tnat crop !. hj-aatal. If
Ha laC't aii R'ithrr IrTUttlon Bor
lrtn. bt ra. t lh atlet. b'at
Bi capttai t atart bira. W
a efTr4 a tfiur maai i mn
b ha enfy 21 c-oU la thrtr pxk
t. aa4 w woeJar hr thr do"t
tl I p to as I pick ma wTt! lb
ttioral itomiB t wot for and pay
ts eOaf i cao!. tn ' tbm
erallt f r It. Tl I bal th Cara
l'a.:f.n liai'.road dkl ca lt
NorOtaatr lfTl-ta4 Uod. It ptckad
f mo. iU4 ltttr until thr Bd
&rtl a crop, ajlowad thra to pay
la InataKTnar.ta an.J II baa m4a -l.
Th Irrta't4 Cecjraaa wail
"t t raty aolaiy ea th t'nltaJ S:ata
oncrcaa. bil la mot f or action by th
: by caXUoc ccafaraec wbtcb
"Ail prapar a co&iitttuli'iral amaad
nel aatSoruirc th 't to rur
acta trrttin. draina arj mrI
rr lit boa La. Cor. rra la ta b akd
t aathiWU a NaMoeal frn:y of
trrtAUoa and drminax boa t, but tt
tr a't. Conrraa U to cnrnllar
a .Vr:oeAl rarai craJlt tytttn. bat
t bi3 maj- Bet p. Orwo ahoaM
prtt.l axalrtat that eoBflr.fn-y by
Tutua Itaalf la'.o a pmtttoa to act.
Jl caa do by a4ottin th propoa.J
tatolntnt Baal Nombar and by
fuvlst th laar aaraaaary to pot that
uaaBdaaaet la epTattoa at th Bast
aaloa ef til LlVAture. If Ca-
C-aa fhoot.t not at. w i: t?i
b rady f"r bnJpa; If Concraa
ao:d act la a maar.ar to aopply th
fU th fa: caa tp al l an! ao
irai wUl b baaa d". If Ob-(-raaa
honM adt n onu:U?iC
ttry !it. w caa s anJer atat
biw. Thar ar nn loubt ! adaatacr
tt National a-t hta act form bond
and Bsathcxi ta atl th atcra. a broad
r vtarfeaC. lower trtrat bat Cob
grmn may attara saworkabl ceatfl
tiora Th wrrrillrj eat ef th pUn ran b
rrr.lcd wtra frruarta whk-h will
ratnc th atata'a r-i.k to a mlelroaro.
" rJr-nfy I b !" to th
bnad ef any dlftrU-t oncil aU th
T !-- fr mproamni ef a district or
y-orrhaa ef land bad baaa approrrd
by a f.at boart. ICa r(lor and ap
prai.aara. A Ttm tt imortUICf dbt
vitaa.fiBa' er a Iirt tarra wuotd
faairy rlac th principal whll th
tmenr.lf wu fflrf In ala and
wftil th tbtor -i j.ty u locraa
Th atAf ba a d'.rrct ltrt la ln-rr-aiR
ira c-uruiralcd arra. for II t
tTitr' I ataln) a iJoTrrnmant ttr
l.ttt.t acrra en oc!r Uil.UJ
arra as ttr coltrratjoo. fMrlnc th
t canau parted Prfr1"' ppulJ!on
r-f-raui III pr cnl. bot it cu!:i-aita-l
art !rrr-ut I er!y SIS par
cant. Oracon I a prml 1 tan Jrc en
tt BJ't. It hcul J t n't on th broad.
fra ta.la of a :i-dveMp-ad ara
rilUtralad by tar ef (b iiwsii of fam
r.lr ewcm th ai:. Th burden of
tAia'Kn. of whu-h lhra l much com.
plaiBt. woitd thao ba cl.tnBul-1 crrr
non land Bad would b l!htna.l for
ci ci:bn. thooc" th acrrrrat
rvcra ou! J b mu-'h rrtr.
Tb bond-tTJarmntr would b patar.
:!'!-. bat a:; c rBmot ba b
cern paiarrukL It wouM b ta tin
-a-"a th taw" br which Crrmany. Ad.
trta. I:afy. Brldla and n Rawl
bn nam! rntnmrt fund or cor
rtusact cr l:t to anUt tnanta to bay
firm. It treaM not promot toclal
t-m; on th eoetrary. It woctd b a
r-tactlorj arainat aocUt!m. Tbr U
r atroecr bulwark axtlnat aoclaiJim
thaa) B larfa b T cf firmara. each
walsa' th rmn tract ef land which
f cultfrmtca, Soinra r.ala Itj r
rrottJ arncBa' th rnt-paTl"tr work
naa ef th cl -!. Ownir.- B home.
jLaTtar m ri'l rMnc an t no pr
: Jotay aca la cooataat doctt
whr they will -ork and li. and
tiay Uad a raajiy r ta th dscUicr
tire rrart.t.i Jt mrrn a ninvvr.
Th ornimar.lt- ta efriErly alrrrd
or th aaaaull cpoa your.s lln.
Mjtf by tb bead! klamp. Tfcax U
ao tenia bat na eamhow th
horror and acny and flare di-ut
that CTrwhUnad th nr.fcrtunat
emit b9 al waa forced Into an
awful atruf!e by th luatful bnjt
who waa paaalor.ataly drtarmtaed to
mmm bar: lftr la so tr.ao worthy
tb Bam bat wuh b michl ha
haa thcr to rtacu th antuUhad tric
tita and to trtatt auramarr venjranc
g;n th monatar.
V wondar ofCaa at th toleranr
with whKb lb public tow often vlw
th 9r4 ef uca fallow a th a-
Alias I ef Mm Jljrra. t wonder
that it U wftllr.r. f ah ahall unhap
tliy dla. that b aball co la pnaoa
for a term ef yra. and Bot to Lh
(-allow, whar b bclonc. la a peoL.
laattary ba will b clothed, fad. fat
tan ad and othcrwu carefully carad
far at th atata'a rxpena. whit hU
frian ta. If b bav any. or aom othar
paraor.. atirr4 by a mMUcs armpa
thy. bombard lb ukoum o.'fi' la
parautaot nv!or to obtain hi r
Im throuca pardon or commotatioa.
Tbaa th rrtla-ttoa ef thl fctlow'a
d.ta.!a: dd will b kept aUr lone
artcr b hould fc b aafcty aitd j
parmasantly rmo4 rrom "car.
whKh fcli ry praoc dan!, aad
la wbkb bl kind I a fearful mcaac
t tlrtuou woman.
Tb d(inl robber ef faraal
honor and baartlawa botcher ef yoonc
and baaaUfBl womanhood la traapected
of balec rnrftilm4 with a rrcal
ftar that b will b lrch4 If b ta
caucht. If will not b. of court, for
thta ta a tw-ab'.4!nc atale. Put bla
apprabeeaiona a how thai h undar
ttaada fully th cnerraity ef hl crime
and lh m caa -3 re ef bu drart.
Wbea tb record ef lh jHf1!
crtata f"r Itti ta mad up In Orra.
r a char think tb publW will ba
rreally urrrtal and ehockad at the
atraordiaary pralcc ef mordtr.
a cwx.tr ix ri -rrn t rtr Turnra.
E.ttabllahmaet ef f.aneral Carran&a
d f.-to ruler ef Meilco. Toc-
eUad aa aurti by th l'nlt4 btate and
by all th ether f real power ef th
wort I. II ballad aa a diplomatic tri
umph for iTeaider.l Wilaon. That w
may b a true apprctat!oa of how
(real It tM diplomat! triumph. It la
acaary to r1w briefly th nta
which broaht Carranaa Xt b prnt
When American troop landed at
Vera Cm. Carraxia talked ef ua
paedlnr war en Itoerta until their
combined force bad driven out th
When tb raa-Amr1CAA conferral
at Nuinrt I'al: edertok to mdit
batwean Xuerta and Carranaa and In
rlted Carranaa to nd dalecata. be
rodefy declined. Mr. W llaon bad
failed to ellmlnat lioerta. but Car
rax j. without th al 1 of Wilaon and
la der.artc of rr.edlitlon offer, did
Laat Summer Mr. Wfjon threatened
Intervention In M': If th warrtnc
fartlon did cot or.!'. on a leader, but
Carr-nra Unorad blm aad went rtf hi
fl other American republic then
Joined th I'ntted :lea to InTt'.lnc
tb leader of at! Mexican farllona ta
a confrrr.r at which harmony hoald
b rt"red. Carranaa. alon amon
he leader, ref ate-1 to participate, and
so conrerattr wa helX c arrant
want rlrht on defrlnc WImh and
flchUa' tb other fartioca.
rinally Carranta prod hlmaelf th
only ral power In llaxico, and Mr.
Wilaon rcocaLi4 blm. Mr. wlltvn
bad offer4 help, which waa d
Used: had offered adlc. which
pumed; had obatructed and been
pathed aald with alitht ceremony.
Carrar.ta bavinf auceveded without
hi help and In rplt of hi Interfer
ence, lb Preldnt In ffect raid
"Oh, ry well; ainc yoo refjt to
rtceroUe m. I Injltt on rcotnLrlr.
i. And th PretiJenf flatl
rati that a diplomatic triumph for him.
To It look vrry much Ilk a diplo
matic triumph for Carrani..
Tb Praatdent t weleom to all th
atlafaction b can cet out of It.
kirimnox wmwrt tTOT.,
Of what ef.'eet would b reparation
by Germany for the acrinc cf
American lie on tn LulUnla If th
act wer not diaarowrd? War th
Cntted State to accept reparation
without dUavowai w ahould In e.Tect
admit tb r!hl of Ccrmar.y to Je
ttroy Amertcaa live proti led ah paid
for them. Amertcaa r!ht at aea
would be reduced to a matter of bar
ter and aale o many life, ao much
offertne. fr ao much money. AmerU
car tra elite th tea would b un
der notlcw that their 'Government
wowld do Botbinc to protect them, but
that. If om blllcrent killed them
th Catted Flat would exact cera-pen-a'.lon
on behalf of their famlllra.
Germany perita In mMunJrrttand
toe car demand for d-aavowal. t.e
aaaame that w call upon her to ad
mit that th eubmartn commander
acted wroBsty la blow In up th Luai
tania. Tb K alter' a ataCetmea object
that tb commander obeyed order
aol that thrrvfor they cannot c--avow
Our Government demand an! hut
a nht to extort, sot a repudiation of
th eubmartn act. but a frank coa
raion that Germary wmrctJ th
l't.lt-d Slate by itauinf th order
which rauaad th destruction of the
I.otr.ar.l. Tb aabmarin comman
der, by Germany own admluion.
waa a mer aent; w ar deatlnc with
th pnaclpat. whom a bold repon
dbl. Germany Imaclne that w ahnnld
b aUari-l with her promlt not to
do II arto. That la not ur.1rler.t.
Wer to accept at r-romla with
out an acknowledgement from Ger
many tbal ah bad ao rich! ever to
take an American llf under auch cir
camatanr. Irrjn unity of our rltUen
front atauchter at aea would be du
ecly to Germany' favor, and w
thoutt ronrd th KaUer'a riht to
wf.bd.aw that favor at hi will. It la
incumbent on th PrealJant to ln-l.-t
apoa bla original demand and to re
fu.4 further arrumnt about it.
Ky cltlnc bla demand recardiRa the
Lnettar.la a a ground for the more
peremptory demand on Austria In re
fxti to tb Ancona. th rrraldent
weakened bl caa. II opened the
door for Interminable dlacnaaion llV
that which ha characterise J th LnU
tanla negotiation. Although nearly
eight montba hav atapted. h haa riot
obt??d from Germany th amend
h demanded. That I a poor prece
dent to cite, for It Jaatlflea Austria In
expect!" that ah, too. may bag!
for ight month be for jleUing.
Thar u am pi flail for arrumect, tor .
th c.ea nr divlmllar In arveral re
i pacta. Th Lusllacla waa aunk with
out virnlnf and did not attempt es
cape: th Ancona waa warned and did
attempt aacap. Th LuiUnla waa
not abe'.lrd wbil hr peopi were tak
Inc to th boat; th Anrooa wu. Th
Luaitania waa not torpedoed aitcr
barirf atopred; tb Ancor.a waa.
Th I.Ufltar.U nesotlauona berao
with bra word and have degen
erated into ao endlra diplomatic
Jat. Th Ancona nccotlaUona
threaten to follow th name court.
Th lreidect refer Auatrla to th
Luaitania orrepondenco, and wrhat
doe ah find? A aario of flnelv-
phraaed documenta which begin with
thundar, but fTiw conttantly weaker
In their proteat. Similar thunder In
th bote to Austria cannot bo ax
reeled to perturb bar. If even now
lh Treldont wer to tninat upon 1m
medial rompMane by Germany with
bla d-tnanda, wer to decline further
parley and wer to obtain what b
demanda. Aoatrta would lake him aerl-ou-Ijr.
t'ntll then why ahould the
dual monarrhy worry ?
With th last day of th year t
band. It la aa opportune moment for
th thoughtful riuxca to balance bla
book. Not hi register of cash re
ceipt and disbursement, but bl per
sonal record of achievement and run.
duct during the twelve month. What
entries ar found on th credit e!J
and what on th debit? What acta
of klndneaa, what of means? What
attribute of axrecgUt and what of
weak coas: what stride forward, what
tom philosopher baa remarked
that It doe not matter o much what
you ar today aa wbat direction you
ar headed. To know which way
yota ar progreaslng an occasional tak
ing of stock ta necessary. Th basl
nese man who kept no record cf hta
traraacilon and foiled to balanc hi
book periodically might awaken to
find himself on tb reef. So with
th person who ba no hour for In
trospection or honeat aclf-lnipectlon.
A balancing of the hooka of charade
aed rcnonal attribute may reveal
hidden danger. Danger from rlclou
bablte. danger from growlrg aeinah
nee, danger from a multitud o
Lhoa weakness and hortcomlr.f
whk-b, multiply alraott unobtrrJ and
In th mallow mood ef th waning
year, before th approaching dawn of
a clean new era, ther la ro mor
favorabl tlm for making thoa ad'
Jumnt and readjustment of per
sonal habit which ar ao necessary
to aurce and happlnr, Th Im
petu of a determined freah start la
designed to carry th laggard far on
hla way. To ek out and attack ono'a
hortcomlngs la a necessary first step
toward that aelf conquest which la
hM to be required of those who
would conouer world.
Th man who la satisfied to quit
rmoklr.g or swearing on th first day
of tb year must be a perfect ere
tar If thoa ar th worst ef hi
shortcoming, or the most onilnoun.
K'jo h has cot delved deeply Into hi
a nature. Th man who merely
swear off som superficial bad habit
on ir.i occasion eel jom stay cy nu
vow for more than a few hours or
day, rtctler result ar obtained by
the thoughtful Individual who seek
to reduce sotn more vital defect, such
a selflshneta, lutncsa, meanness, ili
latortr.ea. or on of thoa Innumer
able l'ttle obstacle to success and
contentment that nourish In maw
A TO TTIB COVnXKNT AI. ARMT.
Kfforu of th Admlniatratlon to
bolster up th proposed continental
army and majc the scheme fcaalbl
ar getting cow her. Kxplanatlona,
modifications and eluclJaUune full to
convlr.c anyon of a practical turn
of ' mind that th Admihlttration'a pet
remedy for our military III La any
thing- raor than a soothlr.r dream
emanating from a plethora of crentlv
Imagination and a minimum of com'
mon aena. Th public mind demand
a strengthening of American land
force at a minimum of coat. Th
civilian head of th War Department
work out a pretty paper plan, one
which read Ilk a fairy tale, and thle
la adopted by th Administration
against lh advlc of War Colics and
trained expert of th Army.
Th continental army plan has been
under a withering fir of crttlcl.im
ever vine It showed It head abov
th Administration's National defense
trenches. Mr. Garrison now come
forward with a bold eucrrsllon. The
continental army 1 merely a step. If
tb quota of men required under it
provision do not com forward vol
untarily, then a final answer wilt hav
been provided against th opponents
of compul-ory awnrlc. It will have
been shown that Americana will not
volunteer for aervic and that forcible
rnlLlary aervlc la necessary.
Illogical and Inconclusive. Such an
outcome will only prove that Ameri
cana do not war.t to crv In a conti
nental army, so-called thai they are
unwilling to devot two month a year
to th 'Intensive training" which the
Administration propose. Failure of
th continental army. If that luck lews
makeshift ahould ever gel by Con
gress), will prov nothing further than
that th consensu of well-informed
opinion wra correct In Ita e-tlmatc
and that th Administration waa
Viewed from th aerena altitude of
inexperience or posaiv Interest, the
continental army ptan bears a pleasant
.pect. Tour hundred thousand young
Americana ar to be trained. One
hundred and thlrty-threo thousand
ar to be recruited aa annual Install
ments for three sjccestlve tears. For
this purpose th country will b di
vided Into military districts under
command of an Army headquarter
presided over by a flelj officer and
hl meager staff. As th oung men
present themsetvea they mil be en-IL-led.
armed, equipped and Bent into
a training ramp with Army troops.
Ther they will remain for Ixty daya.
receiving fifty centa a day In return
for eight or ten hours of hard drilling
and ramp work. At the end of the
two month they turn In their equip
ment and go home to pursue their
normal vocation until the next Sum
mer, when ther must turn out for
another two months. Th third Sum
mer ditto. Thereafter they are placed
on furlough, seasoned veterans, sub
ject to duty only In event of war until
their six year of service hav passed.
Course students. hUh school boys.
farmers, professional men. working
men and National Guardsmen ar
noted a th probabl ranks of re
cruitment Secretary Garrison gug
getts that large employer will be ex
pected to co-opert by letting their
men off for the annual camps. Re
duced to analyst, this field doe not
offer roy po-lMUt les. Ijirge num
bers of college atudonts are working
thair way aad jaut earn mora than
fifty centa a day In Summer vacation
periods. Fannerg and farmhand
find Summer their busiest aeason.
Th lack of altruism of Urge era
ployera In auch patriotic ventures
haa been clearly shown In the experi
ence of th National Guard of the
country. Aa for taking over the Na
tional Guard, there ha been a fair
expression from that body of a dis
inclination to hav anything to do with
the continental army. New Tork,
Pennsylvania, Massachusetts, Illinois
and other slates having large militia
force have mad It known that their
cltlxen soldiery will not ba given over
to any such scheme. The fact that
lh pay for ten or twelve daya in
militia camp equal that of a whole
month in th continental army la cal
culated to keep the stat forcee In
Hut assuming that th continental
army might be built up at the ex
pen of th National Guard. Just what
benefit would the country receive
Nothing more than a change of name
for a forr already existing. Further
more, the continental army would
have to pass throurh those develop
ment tagcs which the National Guard
has left behind. With tittle or no
encouragement, with but trifling- Fed
eral support, with limited oppor
tunltlea. th National Guard baa mad
substantial progre-a . aa a military
fore during the last ten or twelve
yenrs. Given that moral and financial
support which th Administration now
propose to center upon a phantom
army th militia could be brought up
to th highest standard of citizen sol'
dlery. Having gone so far without
encouragement. It Is logical to sup
pose that the militia would advance
Immediately with further Federal
ststance and a larger measure of Fed
Federal pay for the militia has been
under consideration for several years.
Th plan Is to give officer and men
a small retort) for their service and
rals the requirements a to their effi
ciency. Th expense under such
plan 1 really smaller than that of
launching the Garrison dream-army
tho possibilities are Infinitely greater.
Thla plan la before Congre, but not
a an Administration measure, al
though the Administration professes I
favorable attitude toward tb National
Guard. Th Issu may be defined as
between the continental army and the
National Guard; as to whother the
Government shall seek to create
new and untried force or sot out to
perfect an organization which haa
been tried and whose defects are rela
tively few and easily overcome. If
the National Guard Idea Is developed
and found wanting then there might
be some Justification for a conclusion
thai Americana are unwilling to as-
aume military obligations voluntarily
If th continental army plan la devel
oped and found wanting the only log!
cal conclusion will be that American
atatesmanahlp ha fallen short again.
We suspect, however, that sore
thing will happen to the Austrian sit
uation before It trows acute, just aa
something happened to terminate the
exchange with Germany without any
conclusive result having been reached
In all th fit I matters under dlscu
si on. We only hope that If this Is
the case the negotiations will not be
held In abeyance until the Teuton al
lies are riot otherwise engaged.
Judre Gary plea for the steel
trust amounts to this that It Is an
accomplished fact the undoing of
which would do mora harm than ita
continuance. That la the line of rea
soning adopted by every person who
puts one over on us.
Either the Teuton fear the Greelts
will attack the first belligerents who
start a fight on their soil or the two
Kaiser wish to keep the allies guess
ing where the next drive la to be. But
why dont the allies do some driving?
Sympathy for the convicts has got
the better of sympathy for the people
In the minds of the Illinois Board of
Pardons. A parole la presumed to
Imply reform and strict surveillance,
lest the convict offend again.
Carranza may place all Western
Mexico under a prohibition order. Car
ranza. when he finlahea with the vari
ous reforms he Is now engaged In,
might Incidentally restore peace and
order to Mexico. .
Fairbanks' pet name. "Buttermilk
Charlie." will be of no further use for
campaign purpose on the Pacific
Coast, now that everybody Is going- on
the water wsron.
However, the dismal Individual
whce manner erugtrests that he 1
headed for th river may be really
happy except for the grippe.
Secretary Garrison' latest discus
sion e.f preparedness Implies expec
tation that compulsory service will
prove our final resort.
The English husband of i Ameri
can girl will rule India, He' had
fin preliminary training for the Job,
netatl merchants show no fear of
Portland' future or they would not
snap up choice comers so eagerly.
Compromise on British conscription
s now probable by surrender of the
an lis. Conscription Is In the air.
Villa, however, took a second
thought before coming- into the United
States and becoming an amlgo.
A Hoseburg man who Is aa exact
doable of President Wilson ought to
do well in Washington.
Then there Is th worthy citizen
who hasn't laid by a single drop of the
Then there l the man who will con-
lent himself by swearing off swearing
Even the peace ship carried con
traband. It aeems they all do It.
However, It la Just aa well to get
used to a champagne shortage.
The lumbermen are cheerful, so' a
happy new year 1 assured.
Th Austrian navy is becoming
gradually more submarine.
A few more hour and the blind
pig hunt will be on.
frost Is on the aunny citrus
John Barleycorn.' laat day.
How to Keep Well
By rhr. V'. A. Evaas.
QntatJoat partlnent to hnrlons. sanitation
ltd pravtnttoa or a)ae. If matters or sen'
triU interest! will ba answersd in this col
umn. Where spaca wUl Dot permit or tba
suDjeci is SOI sulLaoia latttrs wui ds per'
tonally ansa area, subject to proper limita
tions and whtrt a stamped, addressed en
velops la Inclosed. Dr. vans will not make
dlasDoals or prescribe for individual dla-
Mn Requests for such service cannot bo
(CopTrtrht. 11S. br Dr. W. A. Irani.
Published by arraaiamoat with Chicago
The tissues ar nourished from the
blood stream. In the course of the
process fluids and some blood' cells
find their way out the blood stream
and Into the tissues. Some provision
must be -made to get this fluid and
these cells back Into the blood stream.
The cells of the body in doing their
work mak aom wast product. Some
of these waste products need to be
washed out of the tlssuea Into the blood
The fluid which Is to be drained from
the tissues Into the blood stream is
called th lymph, and the drain pro
vided to carry It ar th lymph vessels.
These lymph vessels start aa very
small, almost wall-less, vessels, located
In the midst of the cells. A number
of these very small vessels coming to
gether make a somewhat larger ves
sel, and these In turn run together to
form still larger vessels.
The lymph gathered from all over
th bodr Is emptied by fairly larjre
lymph vessel Into the blood vessels.
Since the lymph channels are In a sense
ewers and catchalls. It is necessary to
filter their contents before it can be
safely discharged into the blood stream.
For this purpose the lymph, after be
ing gathered up. Is passed through one
or more filters called lymph glands.
It I so necessary for life that the blood
stream be protected against infection
that th lymph Is generally passed-
through tiro filters, and sometimes
The lymph channels hav walls that
sre much thinner than the walls of the
blood vessels. Soma knowledge of the
location of the arteries and velna ts
common, but the average man never
knows when hi lymph vessel ar or
that be baa any until he jret an Infec
tion of soma lymph channel. For In
stance, he gets n Infected flnper. He
notices a red line running up the In
side of bis arm to a kernel In hla arm
pit an Infection of the main lymph
channel of his arm. Or he gets an In
fection in his foot. A red sore line
runs uo his leg to a kernel In his
groin. Lymph channel similar to these
thus brought to notice run everywnere
throughout the body.
The direction of now or lympn is
from the cells toward the center. Un
like the blood stream, the flow Is slug
gish and uneven.. Th reason for the
slowness and unevennesa of the lymph
flow la the nature of the propelling
force. When a muscle contracts the
lymph 1 forced therefrom and driven
along the lymph vessels. On the other
band, when a muscle is quiet tne lyrapn
within It acarcely moves. The faster
fluids ooie from the vessels Into the
tissues the faster' the lymph flow tn
the lymph channels. The forces which
keen the lymph moving, correspond
Ins: to the heart for the blood are the
contraction of the muscles, the tension
of the tissues, and exudation of fluids
from the blood vessel Into the tissues.
A mild and uneven force causes
slow and uneven flow of the lympn
toward the heart. The flow takes place
In very thin walled lymph channels
equipped with valves and, with filters.
the latter called lymph glands.
Why Try If
Anxlons Mother writes: "Please tell
me will I do injury to my 6-months-old
babv b-r cleaning' his nose and ear
wita a wire hairpin r
Tea might. Why risk Itt
Tobaec and Digestion.
K. L writes: "(1) Is there anything
In tobacco in any form that win aia
digestion? Up to about two weeks ago
had been using tobacco constantly.
But sine I hav stopped smoking my
stomach does not seem to be in the
same good condition that it wa before
I save uo tobaccoi (Z) la were any
thing In my first question? Some light
on thla subject win De mucn appreci
i I do not sappos your brain or any
other orsan U worklns rlsht yet. Two week!
Is not Ions enoush for any of your organs
to get accustomed to doing without tobacco.
A- doc doesn't feel right without his fleas
for a while. Keep busy, exercise la tb open
air. and let your stomach do Its work un
watehsd by your mind and you will b all
Death From Smallpox.
P. G. M.. of Indiana, writes: "In con
nectton with the article on deaths from
lockjaw due to vaccination In Weet
Hammond. Ind., It would be interesting
o know how many deaths resulted
Th latest Intormation Is the census office
report for ItlS. The number or deatht rrora
sinsilDox In th rerlttratlon area in 1111 v
IS. About to per cant ot ttie people or lae
United etatea lit la th registration area.
M. XL writes: Tr. L E. Holt, of New
Tork, In his book on the car of chil
dren, says that a child with scarlet
fever should be kept from other chil-
ren at least four weeks. Is this length
f time more than is necessary tn a
verv mild case?
What do you consider th earliest
possible tlm that a child recovering
from scarlet fever should be allowed
back In school?" .
Tonr weeks shonld be the minimum. No
child should be allowed ta return to school
In four weeks unloss an examination snows
that there Is no ditchers from th ears.
no enlargements of ihs glands of th neck.
nd ao aweiUng of th tonsil
Yea DneloOT f Army.
WALLA WALLA. Wash.. Dec 2S.
To the Editor.) Regarding yours of
yesterday. "Exit French." you atate
that Von Buelow. as h waa viewed as
the man ot destiny, was retired from
service. I must beg to differ with you.
being personally acquainted with part
the Von Buciow family. There is
t present only one Von Buciow serving
the army, who la the cavalry com
mander of Von Hlndenberg's army and
frequently mentioned In our dispatches.
His son. a Lieutenant, waa killed early
In the war In Flanders.
Thla General von Buelow ts a cousin
of Bernhard von Buelow, the former
Chancellor, who never was a soldier,
but bis brother. Adolf, was a General,
but died some 25 years ago. Of course
they are all descendants of Blucher's
cavalry commander of Waterloo fame.
AN OLD READER.
West rmatllla Project.
PALOCSE, Wash., Dec. 29. To the
Editor.) I aaw that there had been
quite a aum of money appropriated for
th Umatilla project and I would like
to know where I could write to ilnd out
about getting hold of some of It.
B. C. SPENCER.
You probably mean the West Uma
tilla project, with headquarters at Irrl.
gon. Morrow County, Oregon. The Gov
ernment took over th old Irrigon proj
ect a couple of year ago and haa put
la cement dltchea and a good water
aupply la assured. There will be sev
eral thousand acres of good land for
sale on easy terms and later there will
be homestead lands for entry. Tou can
probably get full particulars by writing
to the Reclamation Office, Portland, or
to W. B, Walpole, Irrigon.
IWO DISTIXCTIOJI 13 DISCERNED
Writer Think Loaa t Allies aa Crim
inal as Blowing VP Canal Lock.
RTDGEFIELD. Wash.. Dec. 28. (To
the Editor.) Can you explain where
the difference comes In? December 25
you, have an article in regard to the
two men that were arrested for plan
t Irg on United Elates soil to wreck
the Welland CanaL the canal being on
British soil or in Canada with whom
we are living tn peace.
I think thla is all right, they ought
to be punished. Borne weeks past Eng
land sent men over here to plan with
our men how to raise money to pay
for war ammunition that we were
makirfr. This same ammunition. It was
openly stated, was to be used to kill
German people and destroy property in
Germany, a country with whom we are
living in peace. Now what sticks me Is
this, why were the English commis
sioners not arrested? Tliey were plan
ning something': the final outcome is
Just as dastardly aa the outcome of
what the two men had planned would
have been ha they succeeded. Yes. even
more so. There possibly no one would
have been hurt, while in Germany
thousands are killed. Worse still, in
stead of arresting these Englishmen,
our Administration (unofficially)
promised them all the help they should
want to accomplish what they were
Mr. Wilson in his address to Con
gress baa something to say about cer
tain people pouring poison into the
rein of our people. Does this not look
like a pretty big or large dose of that
same poison I am at a losa to har
raonlze this. Perhaps you can help.
Arrests fire made-for violatiort of
specific law. It is unlawful for per
sons in this country to conspire to
destroy property In another country.
Existence of a war Involving that coun
try does not suspend criminal law 1
the United States. It la not unlawful
to borrow money In th United States,
nor does the outbreak of a foreign, war
mak borrowing by a belligerent
statutory criminal act.
Perhaps the writer believes negotia
tlons for a loan by a belligerent should
be made Illegal. But Indirect render
in? of aid to a belligerent Is not con
fined to loans. Mr. Schwantea, It 1
disclosed by bis letterhead, is a farmer.
He cannot sell a single unperishabl
product of his farm today without aid
Ing directly or Indirectly the allies, for
if It goes for horn consumption It
relieves that much of other farmers'
products for foreign shipment. And
farm products are Just aa necessary to
belligerents as guns and powder.
Mr. Schwantea Is willing not only to
forego his war profits, but to accept
the results of an embargo on all agri
cultural exports both now, and also in
the event the Germans should wres
sea control from the British, be would
be Just tbe man to urge upon Congress
that financiers, shippers and producers
b prohibited from plying their bus!
ness with foreign countries during the
progress of the war. Until there
such a law. arrests cannot be made,
even were it conceded that the traffic
is Immoral. .
HORSE-DRAWS VEHICLES' LIGHTS
Generkl Laws cf Oregon Require Red
to Shore From Rear.
IIILLSBORO, Or., Dec 30. (To th
Editor.) Please answer through Th
Oregonian: (1) Is there a law compel
linsr horse-drawn vehicles to carry a red
Hunt, on the rear end of the vehicle.
after dark? (2) If so, is it a city or
dinance or a state law? (3) What is
the minimum and maximum fine for
not having- a red light after dark?
The City Attorney's office says that
Chapter 174 of the general laws of Ore
gon for 1911, at page 272, provides
among other things, as follows:
. . . all vehicles, other than motor
cars, shall ba required to display but one
lighted lamp, such lamp to be placed on
the front of the vehicle so that It shall
be visible 100 feet in the direction In
which the vehicle is proceeding, and show
red lights to the rear.
These lights are required to be dis
played during tbe period from one hour
after sunset to one hour before sun
rise. The word "vehicle" as used In
that act Is defined as follows:
Every moving thing except railroad and
streetcars upon the streets, roads and high
ways of this state moved by power shall
be a "vehicle" under the terms of this
act. The term "motor vehicle" as used
In this act, except where otherwise expressly
provided, shall Include all vehicles propelled
by any pover other than muscular power.
It is the opinion of the City Attor
ney's office that the provision first
above quoted and the definition "ve
hicle" apply to horse-drawn vehicles,
and that they are required to have at
least one light on the front of the ve
hicle, so arranged that it will throw a
light to the front and a red light to
the rear. ,
We have been unable to find any city
ordinance making any specific provi
sion on this matter. The traffic ordl
nance. No. SOUS, provides:
A vehicle shall be equipped with lights
and sound signals as prescribed by law.
The penalty provided for a violation
of the state law above quoted from is
a fine not exceeding $50 for the first
offense, not exceeding 100 for the sec
ond offense and not exceeding $150 for
the third offense. No minimum fine Is
COMMERCIAL STUDENTS OBJECT
One Aaaert That All at Lincoln IIIh
PORTLAND, Dec. 30. (To the Ed
itor.) I have read with much interest
the letter In The Oregonian of Decern
bcr 27. signed "Student."
I also am a student of the commer
clal department of Lincoln High School.
I can assure you that "Student" voices
the opinion of every commercial pupil
when he vlgorouflly protests against
crowding the 500 commercial students
out of the fine new Lincoln building
and putting them in the old wooden
Sbattuck building, which has been con
demned as unfit lor grammar school
Those taking the commercial course
at Lincoln aro requested to take four
extra subjects, such as Latin, alsebra,
etc, to be chosen from other courses.
We want to take these subjects. We
need them. But If the commercial
course Is to be Isolated from Lincoln-
penned up In an old decrepit wooden
shack how can we?
Then. too. why should we he denied
the privileges of the fine gymnasium.
auditorium, cafeteria, etc, onerea us
Many of the commercial students are
planning to change their course rather
than be forced out of the Lincoln High.
Othera plan to go to Jefferson. The
commercial course will be sadly mud
dled up and they will be removing the
backbone from the school when they
force out these 600 students.
Market for Service.
Washington (D. C.) Star.
"I hope your constituents appreciate
the value of your patriotic services."
said the prominent citizen. "I don't
know that I care to make It a question
of actual value." replied Senator Sorir
hum. "The market for patriotic serv
lcea is terribly fluctuating."
In Other Days
Twenty-live fear Ac.
From The Oregonian of December 31. 1810.
Chicago, Dec 30. Miss Helen Newell,
daughter of President Newell, of the
Lake Shore Railroad, and James K.
Garfield, son of the late President Gar
field, were married tonight.
The big Issue of The Morning Orego
nian, to be published tomorrow morn
ing, will be the greatest medium for
advertising Portland's Interests to the
world at large that was ever before Is
sued from this office.
Proposals for furnishing the ITnlted
States with 150,000 tons of rock for the
Jetty at the mouth of the Columbia
were opened at the office of Major T.
H. llandbury. United States Engineers,
yesterday. Three proposals were sub
mitted. Perry Illnkle offered to fur
nish the rock for 75 cents per ton, N. J.
Blagen, for 77 cents and Joseph Smith
61 cents, at the quarry near Milwaukle.
The entire police force will begin, to
canvass the city this morning to sell
tickets for the grand benefit entertain
ment to be given at the Marquam Grand
Theater on Saturday evening next to
relieve the discharged workmen of th
Union Pacific Railroad.
The death of Josiah T. Brown, past
grand master workman. Ancient Order
United Workmen, and prominently
knewn throughout Oregon and Wash
ington, occurred at San Francisco yes
terday morning. The remains will be
lnterrerd at Salem.
The matinee announced at the Mar
quam Grand of "Little Lord Fauntle
roy" for Thursday afternoon has been
received with great favor and the sale
of seats is progressing splendidly.
BERGSO.VS LIGHT O.V EVOLUTION
Those Whose Faith In Darwinism
Wane Advised to Read Further.
PORTLAND. Dec. 30. (To the Edi
tor.) Replying to Mr. Cline's letter in
The Oregonian on the inadequacy of the
doctrine of evolution I wish to submit
a few lines. '
During recent years I. too. have
studied the doctrine of evolution with
"youthful enthusiasm." Perhaps the
difference in the study of 40 years ago
and the study of today is contained in
the word "creative." The idea of cre
ative evolution is quite new, I believe.
Professor Bergson's "Vital Impetus"
taking its place along with ideas such
as "Natural Selection," "Acquired Char
But Bergson brings to the study of
evolution the study of that which ts
within us as well as that which is out
side us. His first two books deal with
psychology of the self, his third (im
portant book) with evolution.
In "Creative Evolution" ho treats
with inorganic evolution as well aa
with organic evolution. Simply stated,
inorganic evolution is an evolution
(movement) downward, as is evidenced
by the second principle of thermo
dynamics, while organic evolution is an
evolution (movement) upward, as is
evidenced by what is positive in the
evolution of life on our planet.
Also be undertakes a genesis of the
human intellect a very important
consideration in the realm of knowl
edge. However, as Mr. Cline has limited
himself to the consideration of the ani
mal, I shall so confine myself, for
Bergson's contention is that in or
ganic evolution there is a "vital im
petus." This living reality has had to
split up as it grew. On divergent lines
of evolution, however, it retains its di
rection. "A striking example of this
is found in the pecten, the common
mollusc that we call the scollop, which
has eyes, the structure of which is
identical with the vertebrate eye in
its minutest detail.-), yet the eye of the
mollusc and the "eye of the vertebrate
must have been developed quite inde
pendently of one another, and aires
after each had left the parent stock."
The main division in animal life, ac
cording to Bergson, is that of the ver
tebrate, ending in man, and the Inver
tebrate, ending in the arthropod.
These represent two ways of know
ing, intellect and Instinct. For a dis
cussion of this difference I refer you
to the second chapter of "Creative Evo-
ution, of which there are at least 15
copies in the Public Library. This
chapter is the most original in the book
and most easily read.
If Bergson is rlpht and there Is a
"vital impetus" which has split up into
various forms of activity, and that the
positive directions in animal life are
those of man and insect, we should
surely go beyond the comparison of
vertebrates and possibly beyond the
study of the organism.
If we give to Bergson the youthful
enthusiasm we gave to Darwin it may
relieve the situation somewhat.
I. R, S ALTAR.
PORTLAND, Dec. 28. (To the Ed
itor.) Kindly inform me if policemen
of this city are permitted to reside out
side the city limits. I have been told
there is a law forbidding it, out that
the Mayor, nevertheless, allows it
I. N. FORMATION.
It Is the opinion of the City Attor
ney's office that it is not lawful for
policemen to reside outside of the city
limits. Section S3 of the revised char
ter, among other things, provides:
'All municipal officials, except wom
en, shall be registered voters or mo
city of Portland. ' The word "official'
a synonymous with the word "officer, '
and the Supreme Court has held in the
case of Reising vs. Portland. 57 Or.
295, that a policeman is an officer.
Division of Properly.
PORTLAND, Dec. 30. (To the Edi
tor.) When a couple have been di
vorced In Oresron and own property
here, and a settlement of same has been
made outside of court, but no papers
or deeds signed, can either party dis
pose of said property without the
other's signature. SUBSCRIBER.
Consult the attorney who represented
you in the settlement outside of court.
At the granting or tne divorce mere
should have been an equitable division
f property. Possibly the papers have
not been turned over to you.
Advice la Remembered.
Willie, you haven't said whether
you thanked Mr. Carr for taking you
out for the auto ride." "Yes, mother.
thanked him. but I didn t tell you.
because he said, "Don't mention it.' "
Machinery and Mill Life.
Mill life is hard, isn't it?" "Well.
n its nature it is a life of grinding
Ring It Out!
Old 1915 has seen history made
and empires clash.
It has brought a flood of trou
bles, yet withal it goes out leav
ing a feeling of hope.
Business has brightened. De
mand is beginning to knock at
the door of supply.
Tou see this tendency reflected
in the Increased- and Etill increas
ing volume of advertising in the
Ringing out 1915 we ring In
much that promises better for the